keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aspiration, dysphagia,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805570/swallowing-dysfunctions-in-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Janine A Simons
Dysphagia is a very frequent and highly relevant symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD) for quality of life, morbidity, and remaining lifetime, which is unfortunately widely underdiagnosed and underestimated regarding patients' centered care. Especially in early stages, the causal association between disease and swallowing disabilities remains unnoticed, which may be accounted for by the inability of caregivers and physicians to detect subtle swallowing problems and by the low self-awareness among PD patients...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799303/clinical-profile-of-dysphagia-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-and-multiple-system-atrophy
#2
Sulena, Dipti Gupta, Anjani Kumar Sharma, Baltej Singh
BACKGROUND: Swallowing changes are commonly observed in Parkinson's and Parkinsonism plus syndromes. Expeditious identification is necessary to provide early intervention in this population to avoid risk of aspiration and swallowing complications. OBJECTIVE: To investigate swallowing problems using detailed case history and swallowing speed on 3 ounce water test in three groups i.e. PD, MSA and PSP groups and further, to compare it with control group. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Cross sectional study design...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767772/chest-ct-findings-in-patients-with-dysphagia-and-aspiration-a-systematic-review
#3
Betina Scheeren, Erissandra Gomes, Giordano Alves, Edson Marchiori, Bruno Hochhegger
The objective of this systematic review was to characterize chest CT findings in patients with dysphagia and pulmonary aspiration, identifying the characteristics and the methods used. The studies were selected from among those indexed in the Brazilian Virtual Library of Health, LILACS, Indice Bibliográfico Español de Ciencias de la Salud, Medline, Cochrane Library, SciELO, and PubMed databases. The search was carried out between June and July of 2016. Five articles were included and reviewed, all of them carried out in the last five years, published in English, and coming from different countries...
July 31, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765480/tuberculosis-presenting-as-broncho-oesophageal-fistula-in-a-young-healthy-man
#4
Ahmed Sayeed, Eid Humaid Alqurashi, Adnan B Alzanbagi, Nabil Abdulwadod Badr Ghaleb
A 21-year-old Saudi man presented with a history of dysphagia and choking. CT scan of the chest showed clear evidence of chronic recurrent aspiration pneumonia in the left lung. It also showed a fistula connecting the left main bronchus to the oesophagus. Endoscopy showed clear opening on the oesophageal side. Bronchoscopy also confirmed the presence of a broncho-oesophageal fistula on the left bronchial side with the presence of secretions on swallowing. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was done and sent for mycobacterial tuberculosis culture...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758081/development-of-a-dysphagia-screening-test-for-preterm-infants-dst-pi
#5
Kyoung Moo Lee, Young Tak Seo
OBJECTIVE: To explore both the early prediction and diagnosis of dysphagia in preterm infants as an important developmental aspect as well as the prevention of respiratory complications, we developed the simple and-easy-to-apply Dysphagia Screening Test for Preterm Infants (DST-PI) to predict supraglottic penetration and subglottic aspiration. METHODS: Fifty-two infants were enrolled in a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) due to clinical suspicions of dysphagia...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758080/effects-of-capping-of-the-tracheostomy-tube-in-stroke-patients-with-dysphagia
#6
Yong Kyun Kim, Sang-Heon Lee, Jang-Won Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of tracheostomy tube capping on swallowing physiology in stroke patients with dysphagia via videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). METHODS: This study was conducted as a prospective study that involved 30 stroke patients. Then, 4 mL semisolid swallowing was conducted with capping of the tracheostomy tube or without capping of the tracheostomy tube. The following five parameters were measured: laryngeal elevation, pharyngeal transit time, post-swallow pharyngeal remnant, upper esophageal sphincter width (UES), and penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) score...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756476/development-of-pyriform-sinus-suctioning-programs-for-aspiration-pneumonia-prevention-during-the-acute-stroke
#7
Yuki Inui, Yayoi Kamakura, Junko Fukada, Masahiko Yoneda, Emiko Kataoka, Yasuko Usami, Miki Sugiura, Tetsuya Nagatani, Yukio Seki, Norikazu Hatano, Keizo Yasui
Aspiration due to dysphagia is a factor associated with pneumonia during acute stroke. In such cases, it is likely that secretions in the pyriform sinuses enter the laryngeal inlet. The present study was based on the idea that it is possible to reduce aspiration pneumonia by periodically suctioning and removing such secretions (pyriform sinus suctioning), a study was conducted in a single facility. The incidence of pneumonia as a dependent variable was compared between before (control) and after (intervention group) intervention with pyriform sinus suctioning as an independent variable...
July 29, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752266/accuracy-of-a-laryngopharyngeal-endoscopic-esthesiometer-lpeer-for-evaluating-laryngopharyngeal-mechanosensitivity-a-validation-study-in-a-prospectively-recruited-cohort-of-patients
#8
Luis F Giraldo-Cadavid, Javier Burguete, Felipe Rueda, Ana M Galvis, Natalia Castaneda, Mario Arbulu, Jorge I Balaguera, Nelson Paez, Secundino Fernandez
Recent studies have shown an association between alterations in laryngopharyngeal mechanosensitivity (LPMS) and dysphagia, obstructive sleep apnea, and chronic cough hypersensitivity syndrome. A previous reliability study of a new laryngopharyngeal endoscopic esthesiometer and rangefinder (LPEER) showed high intra- and inter-rater reliability; however, its accuracy has not been tested. We performed an accuracy study of the LPEER in a prospectively and consecutively recruited cohort of 118 patients at two tertiary care university hospitals...
July 27, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748320/the-relationship-between-lesion-localization-and-dysphagia-in-acute-stroke
#9
Stephanie K Daniels, Shweta Pathak, Shalini V Mukhi, Carol B Stach, Robert O Morgan, Jane A Anderson
Factors that can facilitate early identification of individuals at risk of dysphagia such as stroke location are potentially of great benefit. The aim of this study was to examine the role of hemisphere and lesion location in assessing dysphagia pattern and airway invasion as identified through the use of validated, standardized interpretation measures for the videofluoroscopic swallowing study. Consecutive patients (N = 80) presenting with stroke symptoms who had a first-time acute ischemic stroke confirmed on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) scan participated...
July 26, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739426/incorporating-oral-health-into-interprofessional-care-teams-for-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Natalia S Rozas, June M Sadowsky, Deborah J Jones, Cameron B Jeter
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects the motor system. However, non-motor symptoms such as cognitive, autonomic, sleep-related and sensory dysfunctions are often reported. A subgroup of non-motor symptoms, oropharyngeal problems, also affects these patients in ways that greatly deteriorate quality of life. Each patient may develop a different set of non-motor symptoms, making interprofessional collaboration among health care providers a must to treat patients with PD...
July 17, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717439/achalasia-current-therapeutic-options
#11
REVIEW
Zubin Arora, Prashanthi N Thota, Madhusudhan R Sanaka
Achalasia is a chronic incurable esophageal motility disorder characterized by impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation and loss of esophageal peristalsis. Although rare, it is currently the most common primary esophageal motility disorder, with an annual incidence of around 1.6 per 100,000 persons and prevalence of around 10.8/100,000 persons. Symptoms of achalasia include dysphagia to both solids and liquids, regurgitation, aspiration, chest pain and weight loss. As the underlying etiology of achalasia remains unclear, there is currently no curative treatment for achalasia...
June 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716980/early-dysphagia-screening-by-trained-nurses-reduces-pneumonia-rate-in-stroke-patients-a-clinical-intervention-study
#12
Christoph Palli, Simon Fandler, Kathrin Doppelhofer, Kurt Niederkorn, Christian Enzinger, Christian Vetta, Esther Trampusch, Reinhold Schmidt, Franz Fazekas, Thomas Gattringer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dysphagia is a common stroke symptom and leads to serious complications such as aspiration and pneumonia. Early dysphagia screening can reduce these complications. In many hospitals, dysphagia screening is performed by speech-language therapists who are often not available on weekends/holidays, which results in delayed dysphagia assessment. METHODS: We trained the nurses of our neurological department to perform formal dysphagia screening in every acute stroke patient by using the Gugging Swallowing Screen...
July 17, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715529/changes-in-peak-airflow-measurement-during-maximal-cough-after-vocal-fold-augmentation-in-patients-with-glottic-insufficiency
#13
Gregory R Dion, Efstratios Achlatis, Stephanie Teng, Yixin Fang, Michael Persky, Ryan C Branski, Milan R Amin
Importance: Compromised cough effectiveness is correlated with dysphagia and aspiration. Glottic insufficiency likely yields decreased cough strength and effectiveness. Although vocal fold augmentation favorably affects voice and likely improves cough strength, few data exist to support this hypothesis. Objective: To assess whether vocal fold augmentation improves peak airflow measurements during maximal-effort cough following augmentation. Setting, Design, Participants: This case series study was conducted in a tertiary, academic laryngology clinic...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714539/safety-and-efficacy-of-functional-laryngectomy-for-end-stage-dysphagia
#14
Michael C Topf, Linda C Magaña, Kelly Salmon, James Hamilton, William M Keane, Adam Luginbuhl, Joseph M Curry, David M Cognetti, Maurits Boon, Joseph R Spiegel
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate functional outcomes and complication rate after total laryngectomy (TL) for dysfunctional larynx with end-stage dysphagia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Chart review was performed on all patients who underwent TL from January 2008 to July 2016 at a single tertiary academic medical center. Patients who underwent TL for dysfunctional larynx without preoperative evidence of malignancy were included...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707015/the-eating-assessment-tool-10-predicts-aspiration-in-adults-with-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Julie Regan, Susan Lawson, Vânia De Aguiar
Adults with COPD frequently present with dysphagia, which often leads to clinical complications and hospital admissions. This study investigates the ability of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) to predict aspiration during objective dysphagia evaluation in adults with stable COPD. Thirty adults (20 male, 10 female; mean age = 69.07 ± 16.82) with stable COPD attended an outpatient dysphagia clinic for a fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) in an acute teaching hospital (January 2015-November 2016)...
July 13, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706536/the-videofluorographic-swallowing-study-in-rheumatologic-diseases-a-comprehensive-review
#16
REVIEW
Ambra Di Piazza, Federica Vernuccio, Massimo Costanzo, Laura Scopelliti, Dario Picone, Federico Midiri, Francesco Salvaggi, Francesco Cupido, Massimo Galia, Sergio Salerno, Antonio Lo Casto, Massimo Midiri, Giuseppe Lo Re, Roberto Lagalla
Autoimmune connective tissue diseases are a heterogeneous group of pathologies that affect about 10% of world population with chronic evolution in 20%-80%. Inflammation in autoimmune diseases may lead to serious damage to other organs including the gastrointestinal tract. Gastrointestinal tract involvement in these patients may also due to both a direct action of antibodies against organs and pharmacological therapies. Dysphagia is one of the most important symptom, and it is caused by failure of the swallowing function and may lead to aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, weight loss, and airway obstruction...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699193/outcomes-of-laryngohyoid-suspension-techniques-in-an-ovine-model-of-profound-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#17
Christopher M Johnson, Naren N Venkatesan, M Tausif Siddiqui, Daniel J Cates, Maggie A Kuhn, Gregory M Postma, Peter C Belafsky
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the efficacy of various techniques of laryngohyoid suspension in the elimination of aspiration utilizing a cadaveric ovine model of profound oropharyngeal dysphagia. STUDY DESIGN: Animal study. METHODS: The head and neck of a Dorper cross ewe was placed in the lateral fluoroscopic view. Five conditions were tested: baseline, thyroid cartilage to hyoid approximation (THA), thyroid cartilage to hyoid to mandible (laryngohyoid) suspension (LHS), LHS with cricopharyngeus muscle myotomy (LHS-CPM), and cricopharyngeus muscle myotomy (CPM) alone...
July 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688566/dysphagia-in-healthy-children-characteristics-and-management-of-a-consecutive-cohort-at-a-tertiary-centre
#18
Orysya Svystun, Wendy Johannsen, Rabin Persad, Justine M Turner, Carina Majaesic, Hamdy El-Hakim
OBJECTIVE: Whereas the literature is replete with reports on complex children with dysphagia (DP), the parameters characterizing non-neurologically impaired (NNI) children have been underreported, leaving a substantial knowledge gap. We set to characterize a consecutive cohort of NNI children, their management, and outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective case series. Children (<18 years old) attending a tertiary multidisciplinary swallowing clinic were eligible...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687307/altered-neurobiological-function-of-brainstem-hypoglossal-neurons-in-digeorge-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#19
Xin Wang, Corey Bryan, Anthony-Samuel LaMantia, David Mendelowitz
DiGeorge/22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11DS) is a common genetic microdeletion syndrome that underlies several neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and schizophrenia. In addition to cognitive impairments, those with 22q11DS have disrupted feeding and swallowing from birth onward. This perinatal dysphagia significantly compromises nutritional status, impairs appropriate weight gain, and can lead to life threatening aspiration-based infections. Appropriately timed excitation and inhibition of brainstem hypoglossal motor neurons, which innervate tongue muscles, is essential for proper feeding and swallowing...
July 4, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680874/the-potential-benefits-of-applying-recent-advances-in-esophageal-motility-testing-in-patients-with-esophageal-atresia
#20
REVIEW
Nathalie Rommel, Maissa Rayyan, Charlotte Scheerens, Taher Omari
Infants and children with esophageal atresia commonly present with swallowing dysfunction or dysphagia. Dysphagia can lead to a range of significant consequences such as aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, and food impaction. To improve oral intake, the clinical diagnosis of dysphagia in patients with esophageal atresia should focus on both the pharynx and the esophagus. To characterize the complex interactions of bolus flow and motor function between mouth, pharynx, and esophagus, a detailed understanding of normal and abnormal deglutition is required through the use of adequate and objective assessment techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
31485
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"