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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684669/the-impact-of-associated-injuries-and-fracture-classifications-on-the-treatment-of-capitellum-and-trochlea-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Shu-Kun He, Long Xu, Jin-Hai Guo, Jing-Ping Liao, Ting-Wu Qin, Fu-Guo Huang
BACKGROUND: Capitellum and trochlea fractures are truly rare and the treatment is not fully appreciated. So we evaluate the impact of associated injuries and fracture classifications on elbow functional outcomes after open reduction and internal fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Ovid Medline, and the Cochrane Library were searched from January 1, 1974 to January 1, 2017. All English literature with the treatment of capitellum and trochlea fractures by open reduction and internal fixation were included...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684666/systematic-review-of-preservation-solutions-for-allografts-for-liver-transplantation-based-on-a-network-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Fengying Rao, Jian Yang, Cheng Gong, Rong Huang, Qi Wang, Jun Shen
AIMS: The aim of this work was to determine the best preservation solutions for allografts for liver transplantation by quantitative network meta-analysis. METHODS: Global electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials. Seven pieces of parametric data were extracted from included studies for pooled estimation. A consistency model was used for direct and indirect comparisons. The cumulative probability P value was utilized to rank the solutions...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684288/endobronchial-ultrasound-for-nodal-staging-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-radiologically-normal-mediastinum-a-meta-analysis
#4
Hazem El-Osta, Pushan Jani, Ali Mansour, Philip Rascoe, Syed Jafri
RATIONALE: An accurate assessment of the mediastinal lymph nodes status is essential in the staging and treatment planning of potentially resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). OBJECTIVES: We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the role of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in detecting occult mediastinal disease in NSCLC with no radiologic mediastinal involvement. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane libraries were searched for studies describing the role of EBUS-TBNA in lung cancer patients with radiologically negative mediastinum...
April 23, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684250/electronic-medication-administration-records-in-long-term-care-facilities-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Andrew E C Fuller, Lisa M Guirguis, Cheryl A Sadowski, Mark J Makowsky
OBJECTIVES: To map the extent, range, and nature of research on the effectiveness, level of use, and perceptions about electronic medication administration records (eMARs) in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) and identify gaps in current knowledge and priority areas for future research. DESIGN: Scoping review of quantitative and qualitative literature. SETTING: Literature review. PARTICIPANTS: Original research relating to eMAR in LTCF was eligible for inclusion...
April 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684249/standard-head-down-tilt-versus-modified-without-head-down-tilt-postural-drainage-in-infants-and-young-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#6
REVIEW
Diana A Freitas, Gabriela Ss Chaves, Thayla A Santino, Cibele Td Ribeiro, Fernando Al Dias, Ricardo O Guerra, Karla Mpp Mendonça
BACKGROUND: Postural drainage is used primarily in infants with cystic fibrosis from diagnosis up to the moment when they are mature enough to actively participate in self-administered treatments. However, there is a risk of gastroesophageal reflux associated with this technique.This is an update of a review published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of standard postural drainage (15º to 45º head-down tilt) with modified postural drainage (15º to 30º head-up tilt) with regard to gastroesophageal reflux in infants and young children up to six years old with cystic fibrosis in terms of safety and efficacy...
March 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684028/does-chlorhexidine-reduce-bacteremia-following-tooth-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Iciar Arteagoitia, Carlos Rodriguez Andrés, Eva Ramos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Scientific evidence is not clear regarding the use of antimicrobial mouth rinse before dental extraction to reduce bacteremia. We tested the null hypothesis that there would be no difference in the incidence of bacteremia following dental extractions in patients treated with or without chlorhexidine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis following the recommendations proposed by PRISMA Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683494/the-fragility-of-statistically-significant-findings-from-randomized-trials-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#8
Christopher W Noel, Caitlin McMullen, Christopher Yao, Eric Monteiro, David P Goldstein, Antoine Eskander, John R de Almeida
OBJECTIVES: The Fragility Index (FI) is a novel tool for evaluating the robustness of statistically significant findings in a randomized control trial (RCT). It measures the number of events upon which statistical significance depends. We sought to calculate the FI scores for RCTs in the head and neck cancer literature where surgery was a primary intervention. DATA SOURCES: Potential articles were identified in PubMed (MEDLINE), Embase, and Cochrane without publication date restrictions...
April 23, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683475/pharmacological-interventions-for-the-prevention-of-insufficiency-fractures-and-avascular-necrosis-associated-with-pelvic-radiotherapy-in-adults
#9
REVIEW
Qurrat U van den Blink, Kate Garcez, Caroline C Henson, Susan E Davidson, Claire E Higham
BACKGROUND: Pelvic radiotherapy is a treatment delivered to an estimated 150,000 to 300,000 people annually across high-income countries. Fractures due to normal stresses on weakened bone due to radiotherapy are termed insufficiency fractures. Pelvic radiotherapy-related interruption of the blood supply to the hip is termed avascular necrosis and is another recognised complication. The reported incidences of insufficiency fractures are 2.7% to 89% and risk of developing avascular necrosis is 0...
April 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683474/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-with-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Faith Matcham, Sarah Dauchy, Corrado Barbui, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: Major depression and other depressive conditions are common in people with cancer. These conditions are not easily detectable in clinical practice, due to the overlap between medical and psychiatric symptoms, as described by diagnostic manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Moreover, it is particularly challenging to distinguish between pathological and normal reactions to such a severe illness...
April 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683066/identification-of-circulating-micrornas-as-diagnostic-biomarkers-for-ovarian-cancer-a-pooled-analysis-of-individual-studies
#11
Quan Zhou, Man-Zhen Zuo, Ze He, Hai-Rong Li, Wei Li
BACKGROUND: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are proposed as promising non-invasive diagnostic biomarkers for many cancers. However, the diagnostic value of circulating miRNAs in ovarian cancer is inconsistent in different studies. Thus we performed this meta-analysis to systematically evaluate the diagnostic value of circulating miRNAs in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Eligible studies that were published prior to 30 June 2017 were searched from the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Biological Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683054/timing-and-outcomes-of-tracheostomy-performed-by-pulmonary-and-or-critical-care-physicians
#12
Shawn P E Nishi, Shiwan K Shah, Wei Zhang, Yong-Fang Kuo, Gulshan Sharma
BACKGROUND: Although pulmonary and/or critical care (P/CC) physicians perform percutaneous tracheostomy in mechanically ventilated patients, the trends, timing, and outcomes of this procedure have not been well described. This study aims to describe the trends, timing, and outcomes of this procedure. METHODS: Using 5% medicare data, we retrospectively examined a cohort who had tracheostomy performed after initiation of mechanical ventilation during acute hospitalization to describe the timing of tracheostomy placement by pulmonary and/or critical care (P/CC) physicians and associated outcomes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682851/effects-of-papacarie-on-children-with-dental-caries-in-primary-teeth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Yuejia Deng, Ge Feng, Bo Hu, Yunchun Kuang, Jinlin Song
BACKGROUND: Caries in primary teeth hinder the child to bite and chew and influence their development. Papacarie has the characteristics of selective removal of decayed tissue and can preserve healthy dentine to the maximum, but its efficiency has not been critically evaluated compared to conventional method. AIM: This review is aiming at comparing the Papacarie and traditional method in caries removal in primary dental caries with children. DESIGN: Comprehensive literature searching at PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science to January 2018...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682836/herbal-medicine-for-hand-foot-syndrome-induced-by-fluoropyrimidines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Bo Deng, Wei Sun
The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of herbal medicine for the prevention and management of hand-foot syndrome (HFS) induced by fluoropyrimidines and to identify herbs associated with HFS alleviation for further research. The PubMed, Cochrane, Springer, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang databases were searched up to May 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated herbal medicine for relieving HFS in patients undergoing fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy. Study evaluation and synthesis methods were in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook, and data were analyzed using RevMan 5...
April 16, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682791/prevalence-of-refractive-errors-in-children-in-india-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sethu Sheeladevi, Bharani Seelam, Phanindra B Nukella, Aditi Modi, Rahul Ali, Lisa Keay
Uncorrected refractive error is an avoidable cause of visual impairment which affects children in India. The objective of this review is to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors in children ≤ 15 years of age. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed in this review. A detailed literature search was performed to include all population and school-based studies published from India between January 1990 and January 2017, using the Cochrane Library, Medline and Embase...
April 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682718/-meta-analysis-for-high-risk-factor-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-anal-preserving-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#16
Yingjiang Ye, Hongpeng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the effect of defunctioning stoma, preoperative radiotherapy, and level of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) ligation on the postoperative anastomotic leakage in rectal cancer by meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) published before December 2017 regarding the effects of defunctioning stoma, preoperative radiotherapy, and level of inferior mesenteric artery ligation on the postoperative anastomotic leakage in rectal cancer were searched from PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang database, meanwhile open data in unpublished trials from clinicaltrials...
2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682699/effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-cardiovascular-biomarkers-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Yu Ning, Tian-Song Zhang, Wan-Wan Wen, Kun Li, Yun-Xiao Yang, Yan-Wen Qin, Hui-Na Zhang, Yun-Hui Du, Lin-Yi Li, Song Yang, Yun-Yun Yang, Miao-Miao Zhu, Xiao-Lu Jiao, Yan Zhang, Ming Zhang, Yong-Xiang Wei
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased levels of systemic inflammatory markers, increased arterial stiffness, and endothelial dysfunction, which may lead to increased cardiovascular risk. We aimed to quantify the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on cardiovascular biomarkers and to establish predictors of response to CPAP. METHODS: We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library from inception to May 31, 2017. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy of CPAP on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-α), augmentation index (AIx), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in patients with OSA were selected by consensus...
April 22, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682584/patient-related-determinants-of-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Mohammed J Alramadan, Afsana Afroz, Sultana Monira Hussain, Mohammed Ali Batais, Turky H Almigbal, Hassan Ahmad Al-Humrani, Ahmed Albaloshi, Lorena Romero, Dianna J Magliano, Baki Billah
The aim of this systematic review is to assess patient-related factors affecting glycaemic control among people with type 2 diabetes in the Arabian Gulf Council countries. MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched from their date of inception to May 2016. Two researchers independently identified eligible studies and assessed the risk of bias. A total of 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. One study was population based, six recruited participants from multiple centres, and the remaining were single centred...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682546/melatonin-for-atypical-antipsychotic-induced-metabolic-adverse-effects-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Ashwin Kamath, Zahoor Ahmad Rather
The objective of our study was to determine the effect of melatonin administration on atypical antipsychotic-induced metabolic adverse effects in patients with psychiatric disorders. A systematic search was performed in PUBMED, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, and EBSCOhost electronic databases. Randomized controlled trials studying the effect of melatonin on antipsychotic-induced metabolic adverse effects were identified and subjected to meta-analysis. Four studies were included in the meta-analysis, including 57 patients on melatonin and 61 patients on placebo...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682311/acl-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-autograft-and-accelerated-brace-free-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-outcomes
#20
Rob P A Janssen, Nicky van Melick, Jan B A van Mourik, Max Reijman, Lodewijk W van Rhijn
Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes after hamstring tendon autograft ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation. Design: Systematic review according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. Data sources: Embase, MEDLINE Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL and Google scholar from 1 January 1974 to 31 January 2017. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Study designs reporting outcomes in adults after arthroscopic, primary ACLR with hamstring autograft and accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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