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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#1
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231605/endonasal-versus-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#2
REVIEW
Lona Jawaheer, Caroline J MacEwen, Deepa Anijeet
BACKGROUND: A dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) procedure aims to restore drainage of tears by bypassing a blockage in the nasolacrimal duct, through the creation of a bony ostium that allows communication between the lacrimal sac and the nasal cavity. It can be performed using endonasal or external approaches. The comparative success rates of these two approaches have not yet been established and this review aims to evaluate the relevant up-to-date research. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review is to compare the success rates of endonasal DCR with that of external DCR...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231440/effects-of-acupressure-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Jing Miao, Xinyou Liu, Chaojun Wu, Hui Kong, Weiping Xie, Kouying Liu
BACKGROUND: Acupressure has been used as an effective way in treating with stomach upset. However the efficacy of acupressure in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupressure on three categories of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. DATA SOURCES: Databases had been retrieved from inception through February 2016 for the randomized controlled trials in accordance with the inclusion criteria, including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, China Biology Medicine, Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure, Wan Fang and Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231380/perioperative-medications-for-preventing-temporarily-increased-intraocular-pressure-after-laser-trabeculoplasty
#4
REVIEW
Linda Zhang, Jennifer S Weizer, David C Musch
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is the international leading cause of irreversible blindness. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only currently known modifiable risk factor; it can be reduced by medications, incisional surgery, or laser trabeculoplasty (LTP). LTP reduces IOP by 25% to 30% from baseline, but early acute IOP elevation after LTP is a common adverse effect. Most of these IOP elevations are transient, but temporarily elevated IOP may cause further optic nerve damage, worsening of glaucoma requiring additional therapy, and permanent vision loss...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231347/histomorphometric-results-after-postextraction-socket-healing-with-different-biomaterials-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#5
Stefano Corbella, Silvio Taschieri, Luca Francetti, Roberto Weinstein, Massimo Del Fabbro
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate which material is the most effective bone substitute for alveolar bone healing by evaluating histomorphometric outcomes after healing of postextraction sockets in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A manual and electronic search (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library) was performed using a search string prepared ad hoc. Data were statistically analyzed by calculating weighted mean percentage of new bone formation (primary outcome) and weighted mean percentage of residual biomaterial, soft/connective tissue, and nonmineralized tissue (secondary outcomes) in the biopsies...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231287/effect-of-high-dose-rosuvastatin-loading-before-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-chinese-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ziliang Ye, Haili Lu, Qiang Su, Wenqin Guo, Weiran Dai, Hongqing Li, Huafeng Yang, Lang Li
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important disease threatening human life and health. Many studies have shown that the loading dose of atorvastatin can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with ACS, and reduce the mortality. However, this conclusion is not consistent. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of high-dose rosuvastatin loading before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Chinese patients with ACS using a meta-analysis based on a systematic review of published articles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231268/gamma-glutamyltransferase-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-mortality-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#7
Junna Wang, Dandan Zhang, Rongzhong Huang, Xingsheng Li, Wenxiang Huang
BACKGROUND: Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) elevation likely contributes to cardiovascular (CV) mortality, however it has remained unknown whether a dose-response relationship exists between serum GGT and CV mortality. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases for prospective cohort studies published up to October 2, 2016. Summary hazard ratios (HRs) with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a fixed effects model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231030/safety-of-patient-mobilization-and-rehabilitation-in-the-icu-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#8
Peter Nydahl, Thiti Sricharoenchai, Saurabh Chandra, Firuzan Sari Kundt, Minxuan Huang, Magdalena Fischill, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: Early mobilization and rehabilitation of patients in intensive care units (ICU) may improve physical function, and reduce the duration of delirium, mechanical ventilation and ICU length of stay. However, safety concerns are an important barrier to widespread implementation. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize safety data regarding patient mobilization and rehabilitation in the ICU, including falls, removal of endotracheal tubes (ETT), removal or dysfunction of intravascular catheters, removal of other catheters/tubes, cardiac arrest, hemodynamic changes and desaturation...
February 23, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230910/adhesives-for-bonded-molar-tubes-during-fixed-brace-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Nicky A Mandall, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. The success of a fixed appliance depends partly on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being glued to the teeth so that they do not become detached during treatment. Brackets (metal squares) are usually attached to teeth other than molars, where bands (metal rings that go round each tooth) are more commonly used. Orthodontic tubes (stainless steel tubes that allow wires to pass through them), are typically welded to bands but they may also be glued directly (bonded) to molars...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230908/probiotics-for-people-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#10
REVIEW
Rohan Dalal, Richard G McGee, Stephen M Riordan, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a disorder of brain function as a result of liver failure or portosystemic shunt or both. Both hepatic encephalopathy (clinically overt) and minimal hepatic encephalopathy (not clinically overt) significantly impair patient's quality of life and daily functioning, and represent a significant burden on healthcare resources. Probiotics are live micro-organisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, may confer a health benefit on the host. OBJECTIVES: To determine the beneficial and harmful effects of probiotics in any dosage, compared with placebo or no intervention, or with any other treatment for people with any grade of acute or chronic hepatic encephalopathy...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230899/shared-care-across-the-interface-between-primary-and-specialty-care-in-management-of-long-term-conditions
#11
REVIEW
Susan M Smith, GrĂ¡inne Cousins, Barbara Clyne, Shane Allwright, Tom O'Dowd
BACKGROUND: Shared care has been used in the management of many chronic conditions with the assumption that it delivers better care than primary or specialty care alone; however, little is known about the effectiveness of shared care. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of shared care health service interventions designed to improve the management of chronic disease across the primary/specialty care interface. This is an update of a previously published review...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230694/entropy-monitoring-in-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#12
Erin Matsuda
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230558/risk-for-overall-infection-with-anti-tnf-and-anti-integrin-agents-used-in-ibd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Eric D Shah, Jeremy P Farida, Corey A Siegel, Kelly Chong, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND: The overall risk for infection with contemporary biological agents in treating Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) has not been systematically assessed. METHODS: We performed a PubMed and Cochrane database literature search to evaluate randomized, placebo-controlled trials of biologics in treating UC and CD. Meta-analysis was performed using a DerSimonian and Laird random effects model. We determined relative risk (RR) of harm against placebo; number needed to harm (NNH) was reported when appropriate...
February 22, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230244/topical-anaesthetics-for-pain-control-during-repair-of-dermal-laceration
#14
REVIEW
Baraa O Tayeb, Anthony Eidelman, Cristy L Eidelman, Ewan D McNicol, Daniel B Carr
BACKGROUND: Topical local anaesthetics provide effective analgesia for patients undergoing numerous superficial procedures, including repair of dermal lacerations. The need for cocaine in topical anaesthetic formulations has been questioned because of concern about adverse effects, thus novel preparations of cocaine-free anaesthetics have been developed. This review was originally published in 2011 and has been updated in 2017. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether benefits of non-invasive topical anaesthetic application occur at the expense of decreased analgesic efficacy...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230230/bronchoscopic-lung-volume-reduction-procedures-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
REVIEW
Joseph Em van Agteren, Khin Hnin, Dion Grosser, Kristin V Carson, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, a variety of bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) procedures have emerged that may provide a treatment option to participants suffering from moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of BLVR on the short- and long-term health outcomes in participants with moderate to severe COPD and determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of each individual technique. SEARCH METHODS: Studies were identified from the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register (CAGR) and by handsearching of respiratory journals and meeting abstracts...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230063/effects-of-calcium-plus-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
L Wu, D Sun
The effect of calcium or vitamin D supplement on blood pressure (BP) has been explored in previous meta-analyses, but the results are conflicting. The combined efficacy of calcium and vitamin D on BP has not been systematically assessed. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore the effect of calcium plus vitamin D (CaD) supplementation on changes of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure among male and female participants (with and without diagnosed hypertension) aged 18 years or older...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230031/serum-pro-gastrin-releasing-peptide-in-diagnosis-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#17
Hongyuan Wang, Junfeng Qian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for serum pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (Pro-GRP) in diagnosis of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) through pooling all the open published data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases of PubMed, Cochrane, ISI Web of Knowledge, and CNKI were electronic, searched by two reviewers to find the diagnostic study serum Pro-GRP in diagnosis of SCLC. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) were calculated by Med DiSc1...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230030/the-predictive-value-of-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis-through-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-patients-with-oral-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#18
Ren Lin, Junjie Yan, Weidong Liu, Tonghai Fan, Liujun Tang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the predictive value of cervical lymph node metastasis through sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with oral cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two authors independently searched the databases of PubMed, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, EMBASE, and CNKI to find the potential suitable diagnostic study related to SLNB. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive likely hood ratio (+LR), negative likely hood ratio (-LR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) were pooled by Meta-DiSc1...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229805/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Kate Cooper, James D Gregory, Ian Walker, Sinead Lambe, Paul M Salkovskis
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety (HA), or hypochondriasis, is a psychological problem characterized by a preoccupation with the belief that one is physically unwell. A 2007 Cochrane review (Thomson and Page, 2007) found cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to be an effective intervention for individuals with HA. Similar findings were reported in a recent meta-analysis (Olatunji et al., 2014), which did not employ a systematic search strategy. The current review aimed to investigate the efficacy of CBT for HA, and to update the existing reviews...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229441/-robotic-systems-for-gait-re-education-in-cases-of-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#20
T Gandara-Sambade, M Fernandez-Pereira, A Rodriguez-Sotillo
INTRODUCTION: The evidence underlying robotic body weight supported treadmill training in patients with spinal cord injury remains poorly characterized. AIM: To perform a qualitative systematic review on the efficacy of this therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A search on PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and PEDro was performed from January 2005 to April 2016. The references in these articles were also reviewed to find papers not identified with the initial search strategy...
March 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
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