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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241195/nursing-intervention-on-the-compliance-of-hemodialysis-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-meta-analysis
#1
Jing Wang, Peng Yue, Jing Huang, Xiaodong Xie, Yunhua Ling, Li Jia, Yunjin Xiong, Fang Sun
BACKGROUND: Dialysis is imperative for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD); however, compliance ensures its efficacy. Nursing intervention has been considered to improve compliance. This meta-analysis is aimed at exploring the effects of nursing intervention on dialysis compliance. METHODS: A search was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases for relevant original research articles. Studies were included or excluded based on the simultaneous consideration of quality as ranked by Jadad score and the compliance with predefined selection criteria...
December 12, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240960/variant-rs2200733-and-rs10033464-on-chromosome-4q25-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-catheter-ablation-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis
#2
Jiake He, Wengen Zhu, Yang Yu, Jinzhu Hu, Kui Hong
BACKGROUND: Common genetic polymorphisms at chromosome 4q25 were associated with increased susceptibility to atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it remained controversial whether these variants could be used as risk predictors for AF recurrence after catheter ablation. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to quantify the association between rs2200733 C>T/rs10033464 G>T and AF recurrence. METHODS: Relevant studies were systematically retrieved from PubMed, Web of science, Elsevier database and Cochrane library through November 2016...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240924/effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-cognition-an-updated-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#3
Oscar D Rangel-Huerta, Angel Gil
Context: The increasing number of studies on the effects of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) on health, particularly cognition, in the last 5 years reflects the growing interest in this area of research. Objective: The aim for this systematic review was to evaluate the scientific evidence published in the last 5 years (2012-2017) on the effects of n-3 LC-PUFA intake on cognition, cognitive development, and cognitive decline to determine whether n-3 LC-PUFAs support cognitive development and prevent cognitive decline...
December 12, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240827/diagnostic-accuracy-research-in-glaucoma-is-still-incompletely-reported-an-application-of-standards-for-reporting-of-diagnostic-accuracy-studies-stard-2015
#4
Manuele Michelessi, Ersilia Lucenteforte, Alba Miele, Francesco Oddone, Giada Crescioli, Valeria Fameli, Daniël A Korevaar, Gianni Virgili
BACKGROUND: Research has shown a modest adherence of diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) studies in glaucoma to the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD). We have applied the updated 30-item STARD 2015 checklist to a set of studies included in a Cochrane DTA systematic review of imaging tools for diagnosing manifest glaucoma. METHODS: Three pairs of reviewers, including one senior reviewer who assessed all studies, independently checked the adherence of each study to STARD 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240793/dental-implants-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
Daniel Almeida, Katia Vianna, Patrícia Arriaga, Vittorio Moraschini
OBJECTIVES: The Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects salivation and consequently the health of oral tissues. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the implant survival rate, marginal bone loss (MBL) and biological complications of dental implants in SS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligibility criteria included prospective and retrospective cohort studies, controlled clinical trials, and randomized clinical trials (RCTs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240640/indocyanine-green-angiography-use-in-breast-reconstruction-a-national-analysis-of-outcomes-and-cost-in-110-320-patients
#6
Anmol Chattha, Alexandra Bucknor, Austin D Chen, Bernard T Lee, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: Indocyanine Green (ICG) angiography has gained popularity in breast reconstruction due to its ability to assess the viability of both mastectomy skin and tissue flaps. We aim to analyze trends and outcomes associated with the use of ICG angiography in breast reconstruction. METHODS: Using 2012-2014 data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, we identified breast reconstructions that were performed with or without the use of ICG angiography...
December 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240050/-antithrombotic-therapy-after-bypass-grafting-below-the-inguinal-ligament
#7
Iu I Kazakov, I B Lukin, D V Zhuk, N Iu Sokolova
The importance of antithrombotic therapy following reconstructive operations on arteries below the inguinal ligament is beyond question. The pharmaceutical market offers a wide variety of antiaggregant and anticoagulant agents, with many studies (including randomised and multicenter ones) performed worldwide on the problem of choosing optimal antithrombotic therapy in the postoperative period after arterial reconstructions. Nevertheless, the problem of selecting adequate antithrombotic therapy after shunting operations remains undetermined...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239947/treatment-of-chronic-pain-with-various-buprenorphine-formulations-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-studies
#8
Rohit Aiyer, Amitabh Gulati, Semih Gungor, Anuj Bhatia, Neel Mehta
Clinical studies demonstrate that buprenorphine is a pharmacologic agent that can be used for the treatment of various types of painful conditions. This study investigated the efficacy of 5 different types of buprenorphine formulations in the chronic pain population. The literature was reviewed on PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database, clinicaltrials.gov, and PROSPERO that dated from inception until June 30, 2017. Using the population, intervention, comparator, and outcomes method, 25 randomized controlled trials were reviewed involving 5 buprenorphine formulations in patients with chronic pain: intravenous buprenorphine, sublingual buprenorphine, sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone, buccal buprenorphine, and transdermal buprenorphine, with comparators consisting of opioid analgesics or placebo...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239828/evaluate-the-diagnosis-of-neonatal-sepsis-by-measuring-ils-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Hassan Boskabadi, Maryam Zakerihamidi
Neonatal sepsis is a dangerous and common disease among infants which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Interleukins may be helpful for diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. Therefore, this study is conducted to investigate the role of interleukins in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. In this study, databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, ISI and Google Scholar were searched up to 2016. Keywords were: Sepsis, neonatal, interleukins, prediction and diagnosis. Study inclusion criteria were: Articles about the relationship between the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis and interleukins; studies on babies; English and Persian articles and enough information from test results...
October 20, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239004/providing-comprehensive-medication-management-in-telehealth
#10
Melissa E Badowski, Scot Walker, Shaffeeulah Bacchus, Sandy Bartlett, Juliana Chan, Kelly A Cochran, Scott Coon, Michelle Liedtke, Brad Phillips, Taylor White
The goal of this white paper is to provide direction for clinical pharmacists providing telehealth. Telehealth care is rapidly emerging to improve patient access to health care and optimize patient health outcomes. With the increasing ability to access electronic health record portals, as many as 75 million telehealth encounters are expected in North America annually. Although electronic "point of access" undoubtedly increases the use of medical and pharmacy services, the real value of telehealth lies in improved access to patients in remote areas lacking adequate medical and pharmacy services and to high-risk patients requiring frequent monitoring...
December 14, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238948/antioxidants-for-preventing-and-reducing-muscle-soreness-after-exercise
#11
REVIEW
Mayur K Ranchordas, David Rogerson, Hora Soltani, Joseph T Costello
BACKGROUND: Muscle soreness typically occurs after intense exercise, unaccustomed exercise or actions that involve eccentric contractions where the muscle lengthens while under tension. It peaks between 24 and 72 hours after the initial bout of exercise. Many people take antioxidant supplements or antioxidant-enriched foods before and after exercise in the belief that these will prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of antioxidant supplements and antioxidant-enriched foods for preventing and reducing the severity and duration of delayed onset muscle soreness following exercise...
December 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238865/construct-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change-of-belgrade-ultrasound-enthesitis-score-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-a-pilot-study
#12
Sanja Milutinovic, Goran Radunovic, Kristina Veljkovic, Maja Zlatanovic, Nemanja Damjanov
The objective of this study was to determine the construct validity and sensitivity to change of Belgrade Ultrasound Enthesitis Score (BUSES) in spondyloarthritis patients. Seventy-six spondyloarthritis patients with enthesitis were included in this pilot, prospective, double-blinded ultrasound study. Thirty-four patients received biological and forty-two patients received non-biological therapy. BUSES was determined at the beginning, after 1, 3, and 6 months. Spearman's correlation coefficient was calculated between BUSES and baseline characteristics...
December 13, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238704/laparoscopy-assisted-versus-open-hepatectomy-for-live-liver-donor-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Bin Zhang, Yu Pan, Ke Chen, Hendi Maher, Ming-Yu Chen, He-Pan Zhu, Yi-Bin Zhu, Yi Dai, Jiang Chen, Xiu-Jun Cai
Objective: To assess the feasibility, safety, and potential benefits of laparoscopy-assisted living donor hepatectomy (LADH) in comparison with open living donor hepatectomy (ODH) for liver transplantation. Background: LADH is becoming increasingly common for living donor liver transplant around the world. We aim to determine the efficacy of LADH and compare it with ODH. Methods: A systematic search on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science was conducted in May 2017...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238496/lifelong-learning-strategies-in-nursing-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari, Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Lifelong learning is an expectation in the professional performance of nurses, which is directly related to the success of students in nursing schools. In spite of the considerable attention paid to this issue, lifelong learning strategies are not fully understood. Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify lifelong learning strategies of nursing students with respect to international experience. Methods: In this systematic review, an extensive investigation was carried out using Persian and English studies in Pub Med, ProQuest, Cochrane, Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, SID, and Iran Doc using the following keywords: lifelong learning, self-directed learning, lifelong learning model, continuing education, nursing education, and lifelong program...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238311/assessing-risk-of-bias-in-randomized-controlled-trials-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Paola Matiko Martins Okuda, Cheryl Klaiman, Jessica Bradshaw, Morganne Reid, Hugo Cogo-Moreira
Aim: To determine construct validity and reliability indicators of the Cochrane risk of bias (RoB) tool in the context of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate a unidimensional model consisting of 9 RoB categorical indicators evaluated across 94 RCTs addressing interventions for ASD. Results: Only five of the nine original RoB items returned good fit indices and so were retained in the analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238167/comparison-of-dexmedetomidine-and-fentanyl-as-local-anesthetic-adjuvants-in-spinal-anesthesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
ShuJun Sun, JiaMei Wang, NaRen Bao, Ying Chen, Jun Wang
Purpose: To compare the effects of dexmedetomidine (Dex) and fentanyl as adjuvants to local anesthetics in spinal anesthesia. Methods: Two researchers independently searched the PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and CBM for randomized controlled trials comparing the effects of Dex and fentanyl as adjuvants to local anesthetics for intrathecal injection. Results: A total of 639 patients from nine studies were included in this meta-analysis...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237929/contralateral-c7-nerve-root-transfer-for-function-recovery-in-adults-a-meta-analysis
#17
Wen-Jun Li, Li-Yue He, Shan-Lin Chen, Yan-Wei Lyu, Shu-Feng Wang, Yang Yong, Wen Tian, Guang-Lei Tian, Yu-Dong Gu
BACKGROUND: Root avulsion to all 5 roots of the brachial plexus is a common presentation and keeps a major reconstructive challenge. The contralateral C7 (CC7) nerve transfer has been used in treating brachial plexus avulsion injury (BPAI) since 1986. However, the effectiveness of the procedure remains a subject of controversy. The aim of this meta-analysis was to study surgical outcomes regarding motor and sensory recovery after CC7 nerve transfer. METHODS: Chinese or English (i...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237578/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-on-scapular-position-and-motion-in-individuals-with-scapular-dyskinesis-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Kianoush Abdi, Mohsen Shati, Shohreh Noorizadeh Dehkordi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in normal scapular position and motion. Some researchers believe that altered kinematics of the scapula subsequent to dysfunction or weakness of scapular stabilizing muscles contributes to impingement syndrome. Scapular muscle exercises are included in the rehabilitation of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and scapular dyskinesis because the muscular system is one of the major contributors of scapular positioning both at rest and during shoulder movement, but there is considerable uncertainty relating to the relative effectiveness of such approaches on changing scapular position and motion...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237472/supply-kits-for-antenatal-and-childbirth-care-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Alicia Aleman, Giselle Tomasso, María Luisa Cafferata, Mercedes Colomar, Ana Pilar Betran
INTRODUCTION: It is critical to increase the uptake of interventions proven to be effective to improve maternal and perinatal outcomes. Supply kits have been suggested to be a feasible strategy designed to ensure timely availability and effective follow-up of care. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence on the uptake, effectiveness and safety of supply kits for maternal care. SEARCH STRATEGY: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register, Campbell Collaboration, Lilacs, Embase and unpublished studies were searched...
December 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237436/high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-therapy-versus-conventional-oxygen-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Youfeng Zhu, Haiyan Yin, Rui Zhang, Jianrui Wei
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a common and life-threatening medical emergency in patients admitted to the hospital. Currently, there is a lack of large-scale evidence on the use of high-flow nasal cannulas (HFNC) in patients with ARF. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we evaluated whether there were differences between HFNC therapy and conventional oxygen therapy (COT) for treating patients with ARF. METHODS: The EMBASE, Medline, and Wanfang databases and the Cochrane Library were searched...
December 13, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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