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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457932/oral-health-related-outcomes-in-edentulous-patients-treated-with-mandibular-implant-retained-dentures-versus-complete-dentures-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#1
Philip Kroll, Lisa Hou, Hani Radaideh, Nazanin Sharifi, Phuu P Han, Roseann Mulligan, Reyes Enciso
The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effect on oral health-related outcomes from mandibular implant-retained dentures opposing maxillary complete dentures in edentulous middle-age and older adults compared to complete removable dentures in both arches. Randomized controlled trials with an average age of the participants being 65 years old or above were included. The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and Web of Science were searched. A total of 228 abstracts were reviewed for inclusion criteria with fourteen trials included and analyzed for risk of bias...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457760/a-systematic-review-of-serious-games-in-medical-education-quality-of-evidence-and-pedagogical-strategy
#2
Iouri Gorbanev, Sandra Agudelo-Londoño, Rafael A González, Ariel Cortes, Alexandra Pomares, Vivian Delgadillo, Francisco J Yepes, Óscar Muñoz
INTRODUCTION: The literature shows an optimistic landscape for the effectiveness of games in medical education. Nevertheless, games are not considered mainstream material in medical teaching. Two research questions that arise are the following: What pedagogical strategies do developers use when creating games for medical education? And what is the quality of the evidence on the effectiveness of games? METHODS: A systematic review was made by a multi-disciplinary team of researchers following the Cochrane Collaboration Guidelines...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457740/comparison-of-the-use-of-titanium-zirconium-alloy-and-titanium-alloy-in-dental-implants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Ronaldo Cruz, Cleidiel Aparecido Araujo Lemos, Hiskell Francine Fernandes Oliveira, Victor Eduardo de Souza Batista, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer, Fellippo Ramos Verri
The aim of this study was to compare the values of bone-implant contact (BIC) and removal torque (RTQ) reported in different animal studies for titanium-zirconium and titanium dental implants. This review has been registered at PROSPERO under number CRD42016047745. An electronic search for data published up until November 2017 was undertaken using the PubMed/Medline, Embase and The Cochrane Library databases. Eligibility criteria included in vivo studies, comparisons between Ti and TiZr implants in the same study and studies published in English, which evaluated to BIC and RT...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457492/the-risk-of-community-acquired-enteric-infection-in-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Radwan A Hafiz, Chia Wong, Stuart Paynter, Michael David, Geeske Peeters
BACKGROUND: Previous meta-analyses suggest that users of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have a higher risk of developing enteric infections compared with nonusers. These previous meta-analyses have considerable heterogeneity, and it is not clear whether the effect of PPIs is different for different types of microorganisms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to update previous meta-analyses, concentrating on enteric infection in community settings and exploring potential sources of heterogeneity...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457434/-minimally-invasive-sinus-tarsal-approach-versus-conventional-l-shaped-lateral-approach-in-treating-calcaneal-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#5
Min-Hao Wu, Wen-Chao Sun, Fei-Fei Yan, Zhi-Qiang Hou, Fan Feng, Lin Cai
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy and safety of minimally invasive sinus tarsal approach versus conventional L-shaped lateral approach in treating calcaneal fractures. METHODS: The studies concerning about randomized controlled trial and non-randomized controlled trial of minimally invasive sinus tarsal approach versus conventional L-shaped lateral approach in treating calcaneal fractures from the time of creating database to March, 2017 were searched from PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMbase, ISI Web of Knowledge databases, VIP, CNKI, CBM and Wan Fang...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457416/-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-pfna-and-intertan-for-the-treatment-of-intertrochanteric-fractures
#6
Jun-Jun Shi, Yu-Ze Wang, Yuan Li, Yuan-Peng Gao, Dong Wang, Zhi-Yong Wang, Zhi-Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To system evaluate the clinical effect and safety of PFNA and InterTAN internal fixation methods for femoral intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: According to the Cochrane systemic analysis method, randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized controlled trials which were about the comparison of PFNA and InterTAN for intertrochanteric fracture were collected from Cochrane Library(2017, issue 4), PubMed (January, 2003-May, 2017), Wanfang Med Online (January, 2003-May, 2017) and China Academic Journals Full-text Database(January, 2003-May, 2017) by computer searching...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457345/robot-assisted-vs-freehand-pedicle-screw-fixation-in-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#7
Lingjia Yu, Xi Chen, Adam Margalit, Huiming Peng, Guixing Qiu, Wenwei Qian
BACKGROUND: Medical robotics has progressively become more compelling in modern orthopaedic surgery. Several studies comparing robot-assisted (RA) and freehand (FH) conventional techniques for pedicle screw fixation have been published, but the results are unclear. Here, we assessed current evidence regarding the efficiency, safety and accuracy of RA compared with FH techniques. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science was performed to compare the differences between RA and FH in spine surgery...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457216/n-acetylcysteine-for-major-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
W Zheng, Q-E Zhang, D-B Cai, X-H Yang, Y Qiu, G S Ungvari, C H Ng, M Berk, Y-P Ning, Y-T Xiang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examined the efficacy and safety of adjunctive N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant drug, in treating major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, CNKI, CBM, and WanFang databases were independently searched and screened by two researchers. Standardized mean differences (SMDs), risk ratios, and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed...
February 18, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456930/review-of-the-evidence-for-the-management-of-co-morbid-tic-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Michael O Ogundele, Hani F Ayyash
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurodevelopmental disorder in children and adolescents, with prevalence ranging between 5% and 12% in the developed countries. Tic disorders (TD) are common co-morbidities in paediatric ADHD patients with or without pharmacotherapy treatment. There has been conflicting evidence of the role of psychostimulants in either precipitating or exacerbating TDs in ADHD patients. We carried out a literature review relating to the management of TDs in children and adolescents with ADHD through a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane databases...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456928/behavioural-and-emotional-disorders-in-childhood-a-brief-overview-for-paediatricians
#10
REVIEW
Michael O Ogundele
Mental health problems in children and adolescents include several types of emotional and behavioural disorders, including disruptive, depression, anxiety and pervasive developmental (autism) disorders, characterized as either internalizing or externalizing problems. Disruptive behavioural problems such as temper tantrums, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional, defiant or conduct disorders are the commonest behavioural problems in preschool and school age children. The routine Paediatric clinic or Family Medicine/General Practitioner surgery presents with several desirable characteristics that make them ideal for providing effective mental health services to children and adolescents...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456920/evidence-based-analysis-of-adjacent-segment-degeneration-and-disease-after-lif-a-narrative-review
#11
Nikunj N Trivedi, Sean M Wilson, Luis A Puchi, Darren R Lebl
Study Design: Narrative review. Objectives: The etiology of adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and adjacent segment disease (ASDz) after lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) remains controversial. The aim of this narrative review was to provide an evidence-based analysis of the peer-reviewed literature on clinical studies of ASDeg and ASDz after LIF. Methods: A review was performed utilizing Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases. Two reviewers independently extracted relevant data from each included study...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456918/cervical-disc-arthroplasty-a-comprehensive-review-of-single-level-multilevel-and-hybrid-procedures
#12
REVIEW
Joseph L Laratta, Jamal N Shillingford, Comron Saifi, K Daniel Riew
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Degenerative disc disease and spondylosis resulting in radiculopathy and retrodiscal myelopathy are among the most frequently encountered cervical spinal disorders. Traditionally, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has successfully achieved neural decompression and restored intradiscal height in these conditions. Unfortunately, nonunion and iatrogenic adjacent segment pathology associated with fusion procedures in the cervical spine has led to an interest in motion-preserving procedures...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456779/shared-decision-making-for-nursing-practice-an-integrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Marie Truglio-Londrigan, Jason T Slyer
Background: Shared decision-making has received national and international interest by providers, educators, researchers, and policy makers. The literature on shared decision-making is extensive, dealing with the individual components of shared decision-making rather than a comprehensive process. This view of shared decision-making leaves healthcare providers to wonder how to integrate shared decision-making into practice. Objective: To understand shared decision-making as a comprehensive process from the perspective of the patient and provider in all healthcare settings...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456200/diagnostic-validity-of-methods-for-assessment-of-swallowing-sounds-a-systematic-review
#14
Karinna Veríssimo Meira Taveira, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Bianca Lopes Cavalcante de Leão, José Stechman Neto, Leandro Pernambuco, Letícia Korb da Silva, Graziela De Luca Canto, André Luís Porporatti
INTRODUCTION: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a highly prevalent comorbidity in neurological patients and presents a serious health threat, which may lead to outcomes of aspiration pneumonia, ranging from hospitalization to death. This assessment proposes a non-invasive, acoustic-based method to differentiate between individuals with and without signals of penetration and aspiration. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the diagnostic validity of different methods for assessment of swallowing sounds, when compared to Videofluroscopic of Swallowing Study (VFSS) to detect oropharyngeal dysphagia...
February 3, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455938/comparison-of-periarticular-local-infiltration-analgesia-with-femoral-nerve-block-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Lu-Kai Zhang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Ming-Jie Kuang, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is accompanied by moderate-to-severe postoperative pain. Postoperative pain will hamper functional recovery and lower patients' satisfaction with surgery. Recently, periarticular local infiltration analgesia (LIA) has been widely used in TKA. However, there is no definite answer as to the efficacy and safety of LIA compared with femoral nerve block (FNB). METHOD: Randomized controlled trials about relevant studies were searched from PubMed (1996 to July 2017), Embase (1980 to July 2017), and Cochrane Library (CENTRAL, July 2017)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455638/the-clinicopathological-and-prognostic-significance-of-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-pd-l1-expression-in-patients-with-non-medullary-thyroid-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Marra Aghajani, Susannah Graham, Charles McCafferty, Christina Abdel Shaheed, Tara Roberts, Paul DeSouza, Tao Yang, Navin Niles
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that PD-L1 overexpression is associated with poor prognosis and resistance to immune therapies in several human cancers. However, data on the prognostic significance of PD-L1 expression in thyroid cancer is limited and remains controversial. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to comprehensively evaluate the clinicopathological significance and prognostic value of PD-L1 expression in non-medullary thyroid cancers. SUMMARY: Electronic databases, including Medline/PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library, were searched up until July 5th, 2017...
February 17, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455634/early-predictors-of-global-functional-outcome-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
Andreane Richard-Denis, Marie Beauséjour, Cynthia Thompson, Bich-Han Nguyen, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
Accurately predicting functional recovery in an asset for all clinicians and decision makers involved in the care of patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). Unfortunately, there is a lack of information on the relative importance of significant predictors of global functional outcome. There is also a need for identifying functional predictors that can be timely optimized by the medical and rehabilitation teams throughout the hospitalizations phases. The main objective of this work was to systematically review and rate early factors that are consistently and independently associated with global functional outcome in individuals with TSCI...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455296/effects-of-balneotherapy-and-spa-therapy-on-levels-of-cortisol-as-a-stress-biomarker-a-systematic-review
#18
Michele Antonelli, Davide Donelli
Balneotherapy and spa therapy are well-known practices, even though limited evidence has been produced about their biological effects. This systematic review primarily aims at assessing if balneotherapy, mud/peloid therapy, and spa therapy may influence cortisol levels. Secondarily, it aims at understanding if these interventions may improve stress resilience. PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for relevant articles in English or Italian about studies involving healthy and sub-healthy subjects or patients with a diagnosed disease about effects of balneotherapy, mud/peloid therapy, and spa therapy on serum and salivary cortisol levels...
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455269/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-targeted-therapy-with-or-without-chemotherapy-in-advanced-gastric-cancer-treatment-a-network-meta-analysis-of-well-designed-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Ting-Ting Zhao, Hao Xu, Hui-Mian Xu, Zhen-Ning Wang, Ying-Ying Xu, Yong-Xi Song, Song-Cheng Yin, Xing-Yu Liu, Zhi-Feng Miao
BACKGROUND: Advanced gastric cancer (AGC) is a severe malignant tumor associated with high mortality. Targeted therapy is an important approach for improving the therapeutic effects of AGC treatment. This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of targeted agents for AGC patients. METHODS: PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for double-blind randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of AGC treatments published prior to July 2017. Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), and severe adverse effects (AEs) were evaluated to determine the efficacy and safety of targeted agents...
February 17, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455250/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-post-acute-inpatient-rehabilitation
#20
REVIEW
I Churilov, L Churilov, R J MacIsaac, E I Ekinci
Sarcopenia is associated with poor function and increased risk of falls and disability. This work reports a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence of sarcopenia in post acute inpatient rehabilitation. Sarcopenia is found to be present in approximately 50% of rehabilitation patients and its prevalence may vary with admission diagnosis. PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of reported prevalence of sarcopenia in post acute inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Systematic review conducted according to PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO registration number CRD42016054135)...
February 18, 2018: Osteoporosis International
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