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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444626/experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence-victims-with-police-and-the-justice-system-in-canada
#1
Michael D Saxton, Laura Olszowy, Jennifer C D MacGregor, Barbara J MacQuarrie, C Nadine Wathen
Legal responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) can determine whether and how those exposed to IPV seek help. Understanding the victim's perspective is essential to developing policy and practice standards, as well as informing professionals working in policing and the justice system. In this survey study, we utilized a subset of 2,831 people who reported experiencing IPV to examine (a) rates of reporting to the police; (b) experiences with, and perceived helpfulness of, police; (c) rates of involvement with the criminal and family law systems, including protection orders; and (d) experiences with, and perceived helpfulness of, the justice system...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408729/analysis-of-illicit-drugs-seized-in-the-province-of-florence-from-2006-to-2016
#2
Elisabetta Bertol, Laura Bigagli, Stefano D'Errico, Francesco Mari, Diego Palumbo, Jennifer P Pascali, Fabio Vaiano
Comprehension of illicit drug market's features at local level is useful to plan and to correctly set-up specific informative and contrast activities. In this paper we report trends, purities and consumption estimations of illicit substances available on the Florentine territory from 2006 to 2016. These data were obtained by the analysis of 10,451 samples seized by the Law Enforcement Agencies in case of personal use offence. Analytical procedures consisted in targeted and untargeted analyses by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
February 2, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375767/ecobat-an-online-resource-to-facilitate-transparent-evidence-based-interpretation-of-bat-activity-data
#3
Paul R Lintott, Sophie Davison, John van Breda, Laura Kubasiewicz, David Dowse, Jonathan Daisley, Emily Haddy, Fiona Mathews
Acoustic surveys of bats are one of the techniques most commonly used by ecological practitioners. The results are used in Ecological Impact Assessments to assess the likely impacts of future developments on species that are widely protected in law, and to monitor developments' postconstruction. However, there is no standardized methodology for analyzing or interpreting these data, which can make the assessment of the ecological value of a site very subjective. Comparisons of sites and projects are therefore difficult for ecologists and decision-makers, for example, when trying to identify the best location for a new road based on relative bat activity levels along alternative routes...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336330/-the-current-urological-training-program-in-spain-urology-national-specialty-commission
#4
José Ramón Cortiñas-González, Laura Pesquera-Ortega
OBJECTIVES: 44/2003 Law involved the creation of the National Council of Specialties in Health Sciences and the National Commissions of the Specialties in Health Sciences. METHODS: Analysis of the main laws implicated in Specialized Training and the role of the National Specialty Commission. DISCUSSION: 44/2003 Law regulates the training of health professionals and establishes the procedure for the training programs creation by the National Specialty Commission and its later approval and publication in the BOE...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306795/a-retrospective-study-of-sexual-offences-in-zambia
#5
Innocent Makasa, Laura Jane Heathfield
Zambia has recently reported high incidences of sexual abuse against women and children. Zambian law categorises sexual offences into rape, defilement, incest and others, with defilement constituting the majority of the reported cases (>89%). Between 2010 and 2012, convictions of defilement cases were achieved in only 13% of cases reported to the police. DNA evidence has shown prominence in resolving crimes, specifically as an identification tool in sexual offences. Currently there is no empirical evidence describing the role of forensic evidence in sexual crimes in Zambia; as such a retrospective study was conducted to evaluate this between 2007 and 2014 (n = 1154)...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303871/a-systematic-evaluation-of-state-laws-governing-optometric-glaucoma-management-in-the-united-states-up-to-2015
#6
Kevin Chodnicki, Sachin Kalarn, Laura Quinn, Henry Jampel, Osamah Saeedi
PURPOSE: To describe state laws that govern the optometric practice of glaucoma management in the United States and to correlate those laws with state demographics up to 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional ecological study of the 50 United States and the District of Columbia. Regulations governing optometric scope of practice as written by each state Board of Optometry were reviewed. Specific optometric privileges assessed included: ability to manage glaucoma independently, use of diagnostic pharmaceutical agents, use of therapeutic pharmaceutical agents (including topical and oral steroids and other oral pharmaceutical agents), intravenous injections, intraocular injections, therapeutic lasers, presence of defined referral and co-management guidelines, and hours of yearly continuing education needed for glaucoma management...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290339/encouraging-comprehensive-and-consistent-pharmacist-education-for-provision-of-contraception
#7
Lorinda Anderson, Laura M Borgelt, Paige Clark, Gina Moore
OBJECTIVES: To initiate a call to action for community pharmacists and key stakeholders to encourage comprehensive and consistent education and certification for contraception services, especially in states where laws have been enacted for pharmacist prescribing of hormonal contraceptives. DATE SOURCES: Websites for several boards of pharmacy that have implemented pharmacist training for contraceptive prescribing. SUMMARY: From the authors' perspective of helping to implement laws that allow pharmacist prescribing of contraception in Oregon and Colorado, lessons learned have shown that it is better to have 1 consistent resource for pharmacist certification for the following reasons: 1) Boards of pharmacy are able to ensure patient safety because all pharmacists are providing the same level of care to every patient; 2) retail chain pharmacies and pharmacy managers are assured that all their pharmacists, regardless of state, are trained in a similar and appropriate manner; and 3) pharmacists can be reimbursed through medical insurance for the patient encounter because payers are able to identify and credential pharmacists who pass an approved and accredited certification program...
January 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239812/dosimetric-impact-of-inter-observer-catheter-reconstruction-variability-in-ultrasound-based-high-dose-rate-prostate-brachytherapy
#8
Alexandru Nicolae, Jure Murgic, Ivan Kruljac, Lior Dubnitzky, Laura D'Alimonte, Lin Lu, Aaron Cumal, Niki Law, Gerard Morton, Andrew Loblaw, Hans T Chung, Ananth Ravi
PURPOSE: To investigate the dosimetric impact of interobserver catheter reconstruction variability in transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty consecutive patients with intermediate- or high-risk prostate cancer were treated with a single, 15-Gy HDR brachytherapy boost as part of this study. The treated plan was used as the study reference plan (PR). Three expert treatment planners (observers) manually reconstructed the catheter paths on the static three-dimensional transrectal ultrasound images, and new plans were generated from the updated positions (POBS); subsequently, the dwell time and positions from the POBS plans were superimposed on the PR catheter paths to evaluate the dosimetric effect of the interobserver variations (PEVAL)...
November 24, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223915/marijuana-buyers-in-the-united-states-2010-2014
#9
Alejandro Azofeifa, Laura J Sherman, Margaret E Mattson, Rosalie L Pacula
BACKGROUND: Obtaining or purchasing marijuana in the U.S. can be done only in certain states via a lawful market, for medical or non-medical (recreational) purposes, or via an unlawful market ("black market") by home cultivation and unlicensed vendors and individuals. Given the evolving U.S. state marijuana legislation landscape, the objective of this study is to describe individuals who report buying marijuana in the past year by selected characteristics and U.S. geographical location...
December 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205995/volume-and-health-outcomes-evidence-from-systematic-reviews-and-from-evaluation-of-italian-hospital-data
#10
Laura Amato, Danilo Fusco, Anna Acampora, Katia Bontempi, Alessandro Cesare Rosa, Paola Colais, Fabio Cruciani, Mariangela D'Ovidio, Francesca Mataloni, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova, Luigi Pinnarelli, Rosella Saulle, Salvatore Soldati, Chiara Sorge, Simona Vecchi, Martina Ventura, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND Improving quality and effectiveness of healthcare is one of the priorities of health policies. Hospital or physician volume represents a measurable variable with an impact on effectiveness of healthcare. An Italian law calls for the definition of «qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care». There is a need for an evaluation of the available scientific evidence in order to identify qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care, including the volume of care above or below which the public and private hospitals may be accredited (or not) to provide specific healthcare interventions...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140582/abortion-knowledge-and-experiences-among-u-s-servicewomen-a-qualitative-study
#11
Kate Grindlay, Jane W Seymour, Laura Fix, Sarah Reiger, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Daniel Grossman
CONTEXT: U.S. servicewomen have a higher rate of unintended pregnancy than civilian women, yet the military does not provide or cover abortion, except in limited circumstances. Servicewomen's experiences with abortion care have received little research attention. METHODS: Twenty-one in-depth interviews with servicewomen who had had an abortion during active-duty service in the prior two years were conducted between January 2015 and July 2016. Women reported on their experiences accessing abortion, as well as their knowledge and opinions of the military's abortion policy...
November 15, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126116/c-621-15-w-and-others-v-sanofi-pasteur-an-example-of-judicial-distortion-and-indifference-to-science
#12
Laura R Smillie, Mark R Eccleston-Turner, Sarah L Cooper
This case commentary examines the CJEU's recent decision in C-621/15 W and Others v Sanofi Pasteur MSD SNC [2017] ECR I. This commentary critically examines the decision through the lens of the cultural conflict between law and science. We argue that the CJEU's decision reflects both a distortion of scientific knowledge and an improper indifference to the legitimate methods by which scientific knowledge is generated in the context of vaccines. These judicial approaches may, the authors argue, inadvertently fuel the vaccine scepticism that is growing across the developed world, and in particular in Europe...
November 8, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119763/-systematic-review-of-safeness-and-therapeutic-efficacy-of-cannabis-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-neuropathic-pain-and-in-oncological-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy
#13
REVIEW
Laura Amato, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova, Elena Parmelli, Rosella Saulle, Fabio Cruciani, Simona Vecchi, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND: medical cannabis refers to the use of cannabis or cannabinoids as medical therapy to treat disease or alleviate symptoms. In the United States, 23 states and Washington DC (May 2015) have introduced laws to permit the medical use of cannabis. Within the European Union, medicinal cannabis laws and praxis vary wildly between Countries. OBJECTIVES: to provide evidence for benefits and harms of cannabis (including extracts and tinctures) treatment for adults in the following indications: control of spasticity and pain in patients with multiple sclerosis; control of pain in patients with chronic neuropathic pain; control of nausea and vomiting in adults with cancer receiving chemotherapy...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119305/the-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-immigration-law-concerns-scale-ilcs-for-hiv-testing
#14
Julia Lechuga, Carol L Galletly, Michelle R Broaddus, Julia B Dickson-Gomez, Laura R Glasman, Timothy L McAuliffe, Miriam Y Vega, Sarah LeGrand, Carla A Mena, Morgan L Barlow, Erik Valera, Judith I Montenegro
To develop, pilot test, and conduct psychometric analyses of an innovative scale measuring the influence of perceived immigration laws on Latino migrants' HIV-testing behavior. The Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) was developed in three phases: Phase 1 involved a review of law and literature, generation of scale items, consultation with project advisors, and subsequent revision of the scale. Phase 2 involved systematic translation- back translation and consensus-based editorial processes conducted by members of a bilingual and multi-national study team...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119186/ion-dehydration-controls-adsorption-at-the-micellar-interface-hydrotropic-ions
#15
Filipe S Lima, Marcos F C Andrade, Laura Mortara, Luís Gustavo Dias, Iolanda M Cuccovia, Hernan Chaimovich
The properties of ionic micelles depend on the nature of the counterion, and these effects become more evident as the ion adsorption at the interface increases. Prediction of the relative extent of ion adsorption is required for rational design of ionic micellar aggregates. Unlike the well understood adsorption of monatomic ions, the adsorption of polyatomic ions is not easily predicted. We combined experimental and computational methods to evaluate the affinity of hydrotropic ions, i.e., ions with polar and apolar regions, to the surface of positively charged micelles...
November 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117104/current-status-of-legislation-on-dietary-products-for-sportspeople-in-a-european-framework
#16
REVIEW
José Miguel Martínez-Sanz, Isabel Sospedra, Eduard Baladía, Laura Arranz, Rocío Ortiz-Moncada, Angel Gil-Izquierdo
The consumption of nutritional ergogenic aids is conditioned by laws/regulations, but standards/regulations vary between countries. The aim of this review is to explore legislative documents that regulate the use of nutritional ergogenic aids intended for sportspeople in a Spanish/European framework. A narrative review has been developed from official websites of Spanish (Spanish Agency of the Consumer, Food Safety, and Nutrition) and European (European Commission and European Food Safety Authority) bodies...
November 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112651/progesterone-for-prevention-of-preterm-birth-shortcomings-and-unintended-consequences-of-the-orphan-drug-act
#17
Rebekah E Gee, SreyRam Kuy, Laura O Karas
Preterm birth is a problem of major public health significance that continues to plague our country despite the existence of a therapy, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate, with known efficacy in reducing the risk of spontaneous preterm birth among high-risk women. Over the past several years, the Louisiana Department of Health has undertaken a robust, multifaceted initiative to improve access to 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate, which resulted in a 3.5-fold increase in the percentage of eligible high-risk pregnant women in the Medicaid program who received the therapy between 2013 and 2016...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071349/tanning-salon-compliance-rates-in-states-with-legislation-to-protect-youth-access-to-uv-tanning
#18
Melissa S Williams, Brittany Buhalog, Laura Blumenthal, Erik J Stratman
Importance: The US Food and Drug Administration has classified tanning beds as carcinogenic. Most states have enacted legislation to prevent or create barriers for minors accessing tanning establishments. Determining tanning salon compliance with legislation would provide an indication of the influence of legislation at preventing exposure to the carcinogen in minors. Objectives: To investigate compliance rates in the 42 states and the District of Columbia with legislation restricting tanning bed use in minors and to identify differences in compliance based on population, regional location, salon ownership, age group being regulated, and time since the law was enacted...
October 25, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066720/chiral-transcription-in-self-assembled-tetrahedral-eu4l6-chiral-cages-displaying-sizable-circularly-polarized-luminescence
#19
Chi-Tung Yeung, King-Him Yim, Ho-Yin Wong, Robert Pal, Wai-Sum Lo, Siu-Cheong Yan, Melody Yee-Man Wong, Dmitry Yufit, Danil E Smiles, Laura J McCormick, Simon J Teat, David K Shuh, Wing-Tak Wong, Ga-Lai Law
Predictable stereoselective formation of supramolecular assembly is generally believed to be an important but complicated process. Here, we show that point chirality of a ligand decisively influences its supramolecular assembly behavior. We designed three closely related chiral ligands with different point chiralities, and observe their self-assembly into europium (Eu) tetrametallic tetrahedral cages. One ligand exhibits a highly diastereoselective assembly into homochiral (either ΔΔΔΔ or ΛΛΛΛ) Eu tetrahedral cages whereas the two other ligands, with two different approaches of loosened point chirality, lead to a significant breakdown of the diastereoselectivity to generate a mixture of (ΔΔΔΔ and ΛΛΛΛ) isomers...
October 24, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065200/basic-science-and-public-policy-informed-regulation-for-nicotine-and-tobacco-products
#20
Christie D Fowler, Cassandra D Gipson, Bethea A Kleykamp, Laura E Rupprecht, Paul T Harrell, Vaughan W Rees, Thomas J Gould, Jason Oliver, Deniz Bagdas, M Imad Damaj, Heath D Schmidt, Alexander Duncan, Mariella De Biasi
Introduction: Scientific discoveries over the past few decades have provided significant insight into the abuse liability and negative health consequences associated with tobacco and nicotine-containing products. While many of these advances have led to the development of policies and laws that regulate access to and formulations of these products, further research is critical to guide future regulatory efforts, especially as novel nicotine-containing products are introduced and selectively marketed to vulnerable populations...
August 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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