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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301455/-characteristics-of-communication-systems-of-suspected-occupational-disease-in-the-autonomous-communities-spain
#1
Montserrat García Gómez, Félix Urbaneja Arrúe, Vega García López, Valentín Estaban Buedo, Valentín Rodríguez Suárez, Lourdes Miralles Martínez-Portillo, Isabel González García, Josefa Egea Garcia, Emma Corraliza Infanzon, Laura Ramírez Salvador, Santiago Briz Blázquez, Ricard Armengol Rosell, José María Cisnal Gredilla, Juan Francisco Correa Rodríguez, Juan Carlos Coto Fernández, Mª Rosario Díaz Peral, Mercedes Elvira Espinosa, Iñigo Fernández Fernández, Eduardo García-Ramos Alonso, Nieves Martínez Arguisuelas, Ana Isabel Rivas Pérez
BACKGROUND: There are several initiatives to develop systems for the notification of suspected occupational disease (OD) in different autonomous communities. The objective was to describe the status of development and characteristics of these systems implemented by the health authorities. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on the existence of systems for the information and surveillance of suspected OD, their legal framework, responsible institution and availability of information...
March 17, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299968/setting-a-minimum-age-for-juvenile-justice-jurisdiction-in-california
#2
Elizabeth S Barnert, Laura S Abrams, Cheryl Maxson, Lauren Gase, Patricia Soung, Paul Carroll, Eraka Bath
Purpose Despite the existence of minimum age laws for juvenile justice jurisdiction in 18 US states, California has no explicit law that protects children (i.e. youth less than 12 years old) from being processed in the juvenile justice system. In the absence of a minimum age law, California lags behind other states and international practice and standards. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach In this policy brief, academics across the University of California campuses examine current evidence, theory, and policy related to the minimum age of juvenile justice jurisdiction...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297714/root-microbiota-drive-direct-integration-of-phosphate-stress-and-immunity
#3
Gabriel Castrillo, Paulo José Pereira Lima Teixeira, Sur Herrera Paredes, Theresa F Law, Laura de Lorenzo, Meghan E Feltcher, Omri M Finkel, Natalie W Breakfield, Piotr Mieczkowski, Corbin D Jones, Javier Paz-Ares, Jeffery L Dangl
Plants live in biogeochemically diverse soils with diverse microbiota. Plant organs associate intimately with a subset of these microbes, and the structure of the microbial community can be altered by soil nutrient content. Plant-associated microbes can compete with the plant and with each other for nutrients, but may also carry traits that increase the productivity of the plant. It is unknown how the plant immune system coordinates microbial recognition with nutritional cues during microbiome assembly. Here we establish that a genetic network controlling the phosphate stress response influences the structure of the root microbiome community, even under non-stress phosphate conditions...
March 23, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284121/a-global-epidemiological-perspective-on-the-toxicology-of-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Laura Jane Anderson, Asher Flynn, Jennifer Lucinda Pilgrim
PURPOSE: A systematic review was undertaken to determine the current global prevalence of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) reported in adults in order to identify trends in the toxicology findings in DFSA around the world over the past 20 years. METHODS: Databases PubMed, PsycINFO and Scopus were systematically searched using the terms: "drug-facilitated sexual assault", "chemical submission", "date rape", "rape drugs" and "drink-spiking" to identify relevant studies for inclusion in the review...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259443/u-s-state-driving-regulations-relevant-to-foot-and-ankle-surgeons
#5
Laura E Sansosti, Timothy Greene, Todd Hasenstein, Michael Berger, Andrew J Meyr
The effect of lower extremity pathology and surgery on automobile driving has been a topic of contemporary interest, because these conditions can be associated with impaired driving function. We reviewed the U.S. driving laws relative to foot and ankle patients, for the 50 U.S. states (and District of Columbia). We aimed to address the following questions relative to noncommercial driving regulations: does the state have regulations with respect to driving in a lower extremity cast, driving with a foot/ankle immobilization device, driving with acute or chronic lower extremity pathology or disability, those who have undergone foot and/or ankle surgery, and those with diabetes? Full state-specific answers to the preceding questions are provided...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250143/the-effect-of-widespread-pain-on-knee-pain-worsening-incident-knee-osteoarthritis-oa-and-incident-knee-pain-the-multicenter-oa-most-study
#6
Lisa C Carlesso, Jingbo Niu, Neil A Segal, Laura A Frey-Law, Cora E Lewis, Michael C Nevitt, Tuhina Neogi
OBJECTIVE: Whether widespread pain (WSP) affects the risk of developing knee pain or knee osteoarthritis (OA) is unknown and could enhance understanding of pain mechanisms in OA. METHODS: Subjects from the Multicenter OA (MOST) study, a US National Institutes of Health-funded prospective cohort of older adults with or at risk of knee OA, were characterized regarding WSP, defined as pain above and below the waist on both sides of the body and axially using a standard homunculus, excluding knee pain at 60 months (baseline)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241208/association-between-telomere-length-and-risk-of-cancer-and-non-neoplastic-diseases-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#7
Philip C Haycock, Stephen Burgess, Aayah Nounu, Jie Zheng, George N Okoli, Jack Bowden, Kaitlin Hazel Wade, Nicholas J Timpson, David M Evans, Peter Willeit, Abraham Aviv, Tom R Gaunt, Gibran Hemani, Massimo Mangino, Hayley Patricia Ellis, Kathreena M Kurian, Karen A Pooley, Rosalind A Eeles, Jeffrey E Lee, Shenying Fang, Wei V Chen, Matthew H Law, Lisa M Bowdler, Mark M Iles, Qiong Yang, Bradford B Worrall, Hugh Stephen Markus, Rayjean J Hung, Chris I Amos, Amanda B Spurdle, Deborah J Thompson, Tracy A O'Mara, Brian Wolpin, Laufey Amundadottir, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon, Antonia Trichopoulou, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Eiliv Lund, Eric J Duell, Federico Canzian, Gianluca Severi, Kim Overvad, Marc J Gunter, Rosario Tumino, Ulrika Svenson, Andre van Rij, Annette F Baas, Matthew J Bown, Nilesh J Samani, Femke N G van t'Hof, Gerard Tromp, Gregory T Jones, Helena Kuivaniemi, James R Elmore, Mattias Johansson, James Mckay, Ghislaine Scelo, Robert Carreras-Torres, Valerie Gaborieau, Paul Brennan, Paige M Bracci, Rachel E Neale, Sara H Olson, Steven Gallinger, Donghui Li, Gloria M Petersen, Harvey A Risch, Alison P Klein, Jiali Han, Christian C Abnet, Neal D Freedman, Philip R Taylor, John M Maris, Katja K Aben, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Sita H Vermeulen, John K Wiencke, Kyle M Walsh, Margaret Wrensch, Terri Rice, Clare Turnbull, Kevin Litchfield, Lavinia Paternoster, Marie Standl, Gonçalo R Abecasis, John Paul SanGiovanni, Yong Li, Vladan Mijatovic, Yadav Sapkota, Siew-Kee Low, Krina T Zondervan, Grant W Montgomery, Dale R Nyholt, David A van Heel, Karen Hunt, Dan E Arking, Foram N Ashar, Nona Sotoodehnia, Daniel Woo, Jonathan Rosand, Mary E Comeau, W Mark Brown, Edwin K Silverman, John E Hokanson, Michael H Cho, Jennie Hui, Manuel A Ferreira, Philip J Thompson, Alanna C Morrison, Janine F Felix, Nicholas L Smith, Angela M Christiano, Lynn Petukhova, Regina C Betz, Xing Fan, Xuejun Zhang, Caihong Zhu, Carl D Langefeld, Susan D Thompson, Feijie Wang, Xu Lin, David A Schwartz, Tasha Fingerlin, Jerome I Rotter, Mary Frances Cotch, Richard A Jensen, Matthias Munz, Henrik Dommisch, Arne S Schaefer, Fang Han, Hanna M Ollila, Ryan P Hillary, Omar Albagha, Stuart H Ralston, Chenjie Zeng, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu, Andre Reis, Steffen Uebe, Ulrike Hüffmeier, Yoshiya Kawamura, Takeshi Otowa, Tsukasa Sasaki, Martin Lloyd Hibberd, Sonia Davila, Gang Xie, Katherine Siminovitch, Jin-Xin Bei, Yi-Xin Zeng, Asta Försti, Bowang Chen, Stefano Landi, Andre Franke, Annegret Fischer, David Ellinghaus, Carlos Flores, Imre Noth, Shwu-Fan Ma, Jia Nee Foo, Jianjun Liu, Jong-Won Kim, David G Cox, Olivier Delattre, Olivier Mirabeau, Christine F Skibola, Clara S Tang, Merce Garcia-Barcelo, Kai-Ping Chang, Wen-Hui Su, Yu-Sun Chang, Nicholas G Martin, Scott Gordon, Tracey D Wade, Chaeyoung Lee, Michiaki Kubo, Pei-Chieng Cha, Yusuke Nakamura, Daniel Levy, Masayuki Kimura, Shih-Jen Hwang, Steven Hunt, Tim Spector, Nicole Soranzo, Ani W Manichaikul, R Graham Barr, Bratati Kahali, Elizabeth Speliotes, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Jost B Jonas, Tien Yin Wong, Isabella Fogh, Kuang Lin, John F Powell, Kenneth Rice, Caroline L Relton, Richard M Martin, George Davey Smith
Importance: The causal direction and magnitude of the association between telomere length and incidence of cancer and non-neoplastic diseases is uncertain owing to the susceptibility of observational studies to confounding and reverse causation. Objective: To conduct a Mendelian randomization study, using germline genetic variants as instrumental variables, to appraise the causal relevance of telomere length for risk of cancer and non-neoplastic diseases. Data Sources: Genomewide association studies (GWAS) published up to January 15, 2015...
February 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225842/-lopes-vs-brazil-case-psychiatry-and-international-human-rights-law-in-the-real-life
#8
Laura D Sobredo
In order to understand and adjust to the legal obligations that rule our professional practice as psychiatrists, it is useful to know the regulatory framework and its internal logic. The analysis of the case "Ximenes Lopes vs Brazil" (2006), from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, intends to be, within this work, a contribution to understand those norms. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights conducts litigation that decides on the responsibility of Member States in alleged violations of human rights...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215181/effect-of-cellular-and-extracellular-pathology-assessed-by-t1-mapping-on-regional-contractile-function-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#9
Peter P Swoboda, Adam K McDiarmid, Bara Erhayiem, Graham R Law, Pankaj Garg, David A Broadbent, David P Ripley, Tarique A Musa, Laura E Dobson, James R Foley, Graham J Fent, Stephen P Page, John P Greenwood, Sven Plein
BACKGROUND: Regional contractile dysfunction is a frequent finding in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We aimed to investigate the contribution of different tissue characteristics in HCM to regional contractile dysfunction. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 50 patients with HCM who underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) studies at 3.0 T including cine imaging, T1 mapping and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging. For each segment of the American Heart Association model segment thickness, native T1, extracellular volume (ECV), presence of LGE and regional strain (by feature tracking and tissue tagging) were assessed...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209376/-ethics-surrounding-the-provision-of-abortion-care
#10
REVIEW
Anibal Faúndes, Laura Miranda
The provision of abortion care represents a great ethical challenge to physicians, particularly in countries where the law states that abortion is a crime. The concept that it is a crime carries a stigma that is worse than that associated with other acts qualified by law as crimes. This stigma leads to at least two different kinds of unethical behavior. One is the refusal to provide safe abortion services to women who comply with the legal requirements, alleging conscientious objection, and the other is to discriminate against women with complications of induced abortion...
January 20, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207336/local-television-news-coverage-of-the-affordable-care-act-emphasizing-politics-over-consumer-information
#11
Sarah E Gollust, Laura M Baum, Jeff Niederdeppe, Colleen L Barry, Erika Franklin Fowler
OBJECTIVES: To examine the public health and policy-relevant messages conveyed through local television news during the first stage of Affordable Care Act (ACA) implementation, when about 10 million Americans gained insurance. METHODS: We conducted a content analysis of 1569 ACA-related local evening television news stories, obtained from sampling local news aired between October 1, 2013, and April 19, 2014. Coders systematically collected data using a coding instrument tracking major messages and information sources cited in the news...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196078/data-driven-system-to-predict-academic-grades-and-dropout
#12
Sergi Rovira, Eloi Puertas, Laura Igual
Nowadays, the role of a tutor is more important than ever to prevent students dropout and improve their academic performance. This work proposes a data-driven system to extract relevant information hidden in the student academic data and, thus, help tutors to offer their pupils a more proactive personal guidance. In particular, our system, based on machine learning techniques, makes predictions of dropout intention and courses grades of students, as well as personalized course recommendations. Moreover, we present different visualizations which help in the interpretation of the results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168630/airway-management-outside-the-operating-room-how-to-better-prepare
#13
Peter G Brindley, Martin Beed, J Adam Law, Orlando Hung, Richard Levitan, Michael F Murphy, Laura V Duggan
Airway management outside the operating room is associated with increased risks compared with airway management inside the operating room. Moreover, airway management-whether in the intensive care unit, emergency department, interventional radiology suite, or general wards-often requires mastery of not only the anatomically difficult airway but also the physiologically and situationally difficult airway. The 2015 Difficult Airway Society Guidelines encourage the airway team to "stop and think". This article provides a practical review of how that evidence applies during emergency airway management outside of the operating room...
February 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141970/a-large-community-outbreak-of-legionnaires-disease-associated-with-a-cooling-tower-in-new-york-city-2015
#14
Don Weiss, Christopher Boyd, Jennifer L Rakeman, Sharon K Greene, Robert Fitzhenry, Trevor McProud, Kimberlee Musser, Li Huang, John Kornblum, Elizabeth J Nazarian, Annie D Fine, Sarah L Braunstein, Daniel Kass, Keren Landman, Pascal Lapierre, Scott Hughes, Anthony Tran, Jill Taylor, Deborah Baker, Lucretia Jones, Laura Kornstein, Boning Liu, Rodolfo Perez, David E Lucero, Eric Peterson, Isaac Benowitz, Kristen F Lee, Stephanie Ngai, Mitch Stripling, Jay K Varma
OBJECTIVES: Infections caused by Legionella are the leading cause of waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States. We investigated a large outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in New York City in summer 2015 to characterize patients, risk factors for mortality, and environmental exposures. METHODS: We defined cases as patients with pneumonia and laboratory evidence of Legionella infection from July 2 through August 3, 2015, and with a history of residing in or visiting 1 of several South Bronx neighborhoods of New York City...
March 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137731/clinical-presentation-autopsy-results-and-toxicology-findings-in-an-acute-n-ethylpentylone-fatality
#15
Phoutthasone Thirakul, Laura S Hair, Kirstin L Bergen, Julia M Pearson
The clinical presentation, autopsy findings and toxicology results in an acute fatality involving N-ethylpentylone, a new cathinone derivative, are described. Law enforcement transported a male who was agitated and exhibiting unusual behavior to a local hospital. Upon arrival at the hospital, his body temperature was 105.5 degrees Fahrenheit and his blood pH was 6.7. Clinical laboratory analysis revealed elevated troponins, rhabdomyolysis, hypoglycemia, hepatic and renal injury, respiratory failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135214/how-does-physical-activity-modulate-pain
#16
Laura Frey Law, Kathleen A Sluka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109653/an-examination-of-outlaw-motorcycle-gangs-and-their-involvement-in-the-illicit-drug-market-and-the-effectiveness-of-anti-association-legislative-responses
#17
Terry Goldsworthy, Laura McGillivray
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Queensland Government introduced criminal association and mandatory sentencing laws for members of outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs). Forms of "criminal association" or "anti-bikie" laws have been introduced in several Australian jurisdictions, and recent High Court decisions upholding their constitutionality will ensure that they remain part of our justice landscape. Generally, the aims of these laws are to declare a specific organisation as "criminal" and impose various legal orders and offences that thwart the consorting of members and address organised crime, such as unexplained wealth regimes...
January 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108875/against-the-odds-syringe-exchange-policy-implementation-in-indiana
#18
Beth E Meyerson, Carrie A Lawrence, Laura Miller, Anthony Gillespie, Daniel Raymond, Kristen Kelley, D J Shannon
Indiana recently passed legislation allowing local governments to establish syringe exchanges. While the effectiveness of syringe exchange programming is established, there is a dearth of studies about associated policy adoption and implementation. This study documents the experiences of 24 Indiana counties engaged in the process of establishing syringe exchange programming under new state law. A mixed method, qualitative, exploratory case study was conducted from May 2015 to April 2016. We observed rapid and widespread policy adoption interest, and yet counties reported significant policy ambiguity, epidemiologic and resource capacity issues...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102874/cardiorespiratory-hospitalisation-and-mortality-reductions-after-smoking-bans-in-switzerland
#19
Ana M Vicedo-Cabrera, Martin Röösli, Dragana Radovanovic, Leticia Grize, Fabienne Witassek, Christian Schindler, Laura Perez
INTRODUCTION: Smoking bans are considered one of the most effective policies to reduce population exposure to tobacco smoke and prevent adverse health outcomes. However, evidence on the effect of contextual variables on the effectiveness of smoking bans is still lacking. AIMS: The patchwork of cantonal smoke-free laws in Switzerland was used as a quasi-experimental setting to assess changes after their introduction in: hospitalisations and mortality due to cardiorespiratory diseases in adults; total hospitalisations and hospitalisations due to respiratory disorders in children; and the modifying effects of contextual factors and the effectiveness of the laws...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057710/-this-man-with-dementia-1-othering-the-person-with-dementia-in-the-court-of-protection
#20
Laura Pritchard-Jones
In recent years, dementia has been subjected to an increasing ethical, legal, and political gaze. This article analyses how the Court of Protection considers the perspective of the person with dementia when making best interests decisions on their behalf under the Mental Capacity Act 2005. The article draws upon feminist and disability literature to highlight how the Court has, on occasions, 'othered' the person with dementia during the process of making best interests decisions. This is despite law and policy increasingly emphasising that the views of the person who lacks capacity should be central to any best interests decision, as well as emphasising the importance of de-stigmatisation of cognitive impairments, such as dementia...
January 5, 2017: Medical Law Review
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