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Doris Rosero-García, Guillermo Rúa-Uribe, Margarita M Correa, Jan E Conn, Sandra Uribe-Soto
Information about mosquito ecology in the high mountain ecosystems of the Neotropical region is sparse. In general, few genera and species have been reported in these ecosystems and there is no information available on habitats and the mosquitoes occupying them. In the present study, specimens collected from NW Colombia in HME were grouped using larval habitat data via an Operational Taxonomic Unit (OTU) determination. A total of 719 mosquitoes was analyzed belonging to 44 OTUs. The analysis considered habitat features and clustered the specimens into six groups from A-F...
June 2018: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
Jiali Chen, Yuqi Chen, Wencong Huang, Hanning Wang, Yang Du, Subin Xiong
The objectives of this study were to explore sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Soluplus on the crystallization inhibition and dissolution of felodipine (FLDP) extrudates by bottom-up and top-down approaches. FLDP extrudates with Soluplus and/or SDS were prepared by hot melt extrusion (HME), and characterized by PLM, DSC and FT-IR. Results indicated that Soluplus inhibited FLDP crystallization and the whole amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) were binary FLDP-Soluplus (1:3) and ternary FLDP-Soluplus-SDS(1:2:0...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Panagiotis Barmpalexis, Anna Karagianni, Kyriakos Kachrimanis
In the present study molecular modelling was used to evaluate polymeric drug carrier matrix properties suitable for hot-melt extrusion (HME). Specifically, the effect of three commonly used plasticizers, namely, citric acid (CA), triethyl citrate (TEC) and polyethylene glycol (PEG), on Soluplus® (polyvinyl caprolactam-polyvinyl acetate-polyethylene glycol graft copolymer, SOL) properties were evaluated with the aid of classical molecular dynamics (MD) and docking simulations. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy of polymer-plasticizer mixtures were used to experimentally verify the in silico predictions...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Wenyu Yang, Lu Gao, Ji Lu, Zhenlei Song
B(C6F5)3-catalyzed deoxygenation of ether-substituted alcohols and carbonyl compounds has been developed using (HMe2SiCH2)2 as the reductant. This unique reagent shows distinct superiority over traditional one silicon-centered hydrosilanes, giving the corresponding alkanes in high yields with good tolerance of ethers, aryl halides and alkenes. The control experiments suggest that (HMe2SiCH2)2 might facilitate the approach in an intramolecular Si/O activation manner.
April 26, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Basel Arafat, Nidal Qinna, Milena Cieszynska, Robert T Forbes, Mohamed A Alhnan
Coumarin therapy has been associated with high levels of inter- and intra-individual variation in the required dose to reach a therapeutic anticoagulation outcome. Therefore, a dynamic system that is able to achieve accurate delivery of a warfarin dose is of significant importance. Here we assess, the ability of 3D printing to fabricate and deliver tailored individualised precision dosing using an in-vitro model. Sodium warfarin loaded filaments were compounded using hot melt extrusion (HME) and further fabricated via fused deposition modelling (FDM) 3D printing to produce capsular-ovoid-shaped dosage forms loaded at 200 and 400 µg dose...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Jens Wesholowski, Andreas Berghaus, Markus Thommes
In the framework of Quality-by-Design (QbD), the inline determination of process parameters or quality attributes of a product using sufficient process analytical technology (PAT) is a center piece for the establishment of continuous processes as a standard pharmaceutical technology. In this context, Twin-Screw-Extrusion (TSE) processes, such as Hot-Melt-Extrusion (HME), are one key aspect of current research. The main benefit of this process technology is the combination of different unit operations. Several of these sub-processes are linked to the Residence Time Distribution (RTD) of the material within the apparatus...
April 15, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Tian Luo, Shubhajit Mitra, Jere W McBride
Ehrlichia chaffeensis is an obligately intracellular bacterium that exhibits tropism for mononuclear phagocytes. The mechanisms involved in E. chaffeensis infection of the host cell and evasion of host defenses are not fully defined, but a subset of type 1 secreted tandem repeat protein (TRP) effectors play important roles. Recently, we determined molecular interactions of TRP120, TRP47, and TRP32 with the eukaryotic host cell. In this investigation, we used yeast two-hybrid analysis to reveal that another E...
April 25, 2018: MSphere
Christina Mundy, Evan Yang, Hajime Takano, Paul C Billings, Maurizio Pacifici
Hereditary Multiple Exostoses (HME) is a pediatric disorder caused by heparan sulfate (HS) deficiency and is characterized by growth plate-associated osteochondromas. Previously, we found that osteochondroma formation in mouse models is preceded by ectopic bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in the perichondrium, but the mechanistic relationships between BMP signaling and HS deficiency remain unclear. Therefore, we used an HS antagonist (Surfen) to investigate the effects of this HS interference on BMP signaling, ligand availability, cell surface BMP receptor (BMPR) dynamics and BMPR interactions in Ad-293 and C3H/10T1/2 cells...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Liset Lansaat, Bertram de Kleijn, Frans Hilgers, Bernard van der Laan, Michiel van den Brekel
Introduction  To prevent or diminish pulmonary problems in laryngectomized patients, continuous use of a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) is recommended. Therefore, automatic speaking valves are also often combined with an HME to enable hands-free speech. In order to keep these devices in place, most commonly, peristomal patches are used. Objective  This prospective clinical 2 × 2 crossover study aims at assessing the added value of a new patch for HME application, the Provox StabiliBase OptiDerm (SBO)...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Derrick M Smith, Yash Kapoor, Gerard R Klinzing, Adam T Procopio
Fused deposition modeling 3D printing (3DP) has a potential to change how we envision manufacturing in the pharmaceutical industry. A more common utilization for FDM is to build upon existing hot melt extrusion technology where the drug is dispersed in the polymer matrix. However, reliable manufacturing of drug-containing FDM filaments remains a challenge along with the limitation of active ingredients which can sustain the processing risks involved in the HME process. To circumvent this obstacle, a single step FDM process was developed to manufacture thin-walled drug-free capsules which can be filled with dry or liquid drug product formulations...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Siw G Nielsen, Guro G Johansen, Harald Jørgensen
In higher music education (HME), the notion of "private teaching, private learning" has a long tradition, where the learning part rests on the student's individual practicing between instrumental lessons. However, recent research suggests that collaborative learning among peers is beneficial in several aspects, such as sense of belonging, motivation and self-efficacy. This is consistent with the concept of vicarious learning. In this study, we conducted a survey among bachelor music students in church music, performance or music education programs enrolled in a music academy ( N = 96), where parts of the questionnaire addressed peer learning and peer's influence on the students's instrumental practicing, and the degree of satisfaction with their practicing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Y Xu, X Wen, X Feng, Z Liang, X Ye, H Nie, X Liao, J Li, Y Zeng, S Tang, J He
The objective of this work was to manufacture an enteric formulation of florfenicol (FF) using hot-melt extrusion (HME) technology and to evaluate its in vitro dissolution and in vivo pharmacokinetics. For the HME process, hypromellose acetate succinate LG (HPMCAS-LG) was the enteric polymer mixed with FF, and the two components were extruded with a standard screw configuration at a speed of 50 rpm. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) were performed to characterize the HME extrudate...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Luis Antonio D Silva, Susana L Almeida, Ellen C P Alonso, Priscila B R Rocha, Felipe T Martins, Luís A P Freitas, Stephania F Taveira, Marcilio S S Cunha-Filho, Ricardo N Marreto
Hot-melt extrusion (HME) has gained increasing attention in the pharmaceutical industry; however, its potential in the preparation of solid self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (S-SMEDDS) is still unexplored. This study sought to prepare enteric S-SMEDDS by HME and evaluate the effects of the process and formulation variables on S-SMEDDS properties via Box-Behnken design. Liquid SMEDDS were developed, and carvedilol was used as a class II model drug. Mean size, polydispersity index (PdI) and zeta potential of the resulting microemulsions were determined...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Luisa Duque, Martin Körber, Roland Bodmeier
The objectives of this study were to prepare lipid-based implants by hot melt extrusion (HME) for the prolonged release of ovalbumin (OVA), and to relate protein release to crystallinity and polymorphic changes of the lipid matrix. Two lipids, glycerol tristearate and hydrogenated palm oil, with different composition and degree of crystallinity were studied. Solid OVA was dispersed within the lipid matrixes, which preserved its stability during extrusion. This was partially attributed to a protective effect of the lipidic matrix...
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jaywant Pawar, Dilipkumar Suryawanshi, Kailas Moravkar, Rahul Aware, Vasant Shetty, Mohammed Maniruzzaman, Purnima Amin
The current study investigates the dissolution rate performance of amorphous solid solutions of a poorly water-soluble drug, efavirenz (EFV), in amorphous Soluplus® (SOL) and Kollidon® VA 64 (KVA64) polymeric systems. For the purpose of the study, various formulations with varying drug loadings of 30, 50, and 70% w/w were developed via hot-melt extrusion processing and adopting a Box-Behnken design of experiment (DoE) approach. The polymers were selected based on the Hansen solubility parameter calculation and the prediction of the possible drug-polymer miscibility...
February 9, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Lorena F B Malaquias, Lívia C L Sá-Barreto, Daniel O Freire, Izabel C R Silva, Kapish Karan, Thomas Durig, Eliana M Lima, Ricardo N Marreto, Guilherme M Gelfuso, Tais Gratieri, Marcilio Cunha-Filho
This study aimed to mask fluconazole (FLU) taste and improve its rheological properties by an efficient process of cyclodextrin complexation. For this, hot-melt extrusion (HME) was used to obtain extrudates composed of FLU, hydroxypropylcellulose, and one of two different cyclodextrins (β-cyclodextrin or hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin) maintaining the drug:cyclodextrin molar ratio at 1:0.3 or 1:0.2, respectively. Samples were characterized by physicochemical tests, palatability using e-tongue and antifungal assays...
April 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Guiyu Lou, Ke Yang, Litao Qin, Yuwei Zhang, Hongdan Wang, Qiaofang Hou, Miao He, Shixiu Liao
OBJECTIVE To detect potential mutations of the EXT1 and EXT2 genes in a pedigree affected with hereditary multiple exostosis (HME). METHODS For a four-generation family with 7 affected individuals from 17 family members,genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral venous blood samples. All exons of the EXT1 and EXT2 genes were screened for potential mutation by PCR and Sanger sequencing. RESULTS A novel heterozygous frameshift mutation c.1202delT (p.I401Tfs*2)was found in exon 4 of the EXT1 gene in the proband and the other 6 affected individuals...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Ron Farrell, Glen Oomen, Pauric Carey
There is a shift in critical care to adopt volatile anaesthetics as sedatives for certain patients using mechanical ventilation. Accompanying this shift is a growing body of literature describing the advantages or disadvantages of using isoflurane or sevoflurane for long term sedation. This practise requires a cost effective, efficient and safe means to deliver these drugs that can simultaneously operate with modern critical care ventilators and ventilation protocols while protecting the care environment and care workers from excessive exposure to the drugs...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Hagen Bomberg, Max Veddeler, Thomas Volk, Heinrich V Groesdonk, Andreas Meiser
Inhalation sedation is increasingly performed in intensive care units. For this purpose, two anaesthetic reflectors, AnaConDa™ and Mirus™ are commercially available. However, their internal volume (100 ml) and possible carbon dioxide reflection raised concerns. Therefore, we compared carbon dioxide elimination of both with a heat moisture exchanger (HME, 35 ml) in a test lung model. A constant flow of carbon dioxide was insufflated into the test lung, ventilated with 500 ml, 10 breaths per minute. HME, MIRUS and AnaConDa were connected successively...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Nicolaos Scoutaris, Steven A Ross, Dennis Douroumis
PURPOSE: Three- dimensional (3D) printing has received significant attention as a manufacturing process for pharmaceutical dosage forms. In this study, we used Fusion Deposition Modelling (FDM) in order to print "candy - like" formulations by imitating Starmix® sweets to prepare paediatric medicines with enhanced palatability. METHODS: Hot melt extrusion processing (HME) was coupled with FDM to prepare extruded filaments of indomethacin (IND), hypromellose acetate succinate (HPMCAS) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) formulations and subsequently feed them in the 3D printer...
January 16, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
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