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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104592/handball-load-and-shoulder-injury-rate-a-31-week-cohort-study-of-679-elite-youth-handball-players
#1
M Møller, R O Nielsen, J Attermann, N Wedderkopp, M Lind, H Sørensen, G Myklebust
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of injury patterns, an essential step towards injury prevention, is lacking in youth handball. AIM: To investigate if an increase in handball load is associated with increased shoulder injury rates compared with a minor increase or decrease, and if an association is influenced by scapular control, isometric shoulder strength or glenohumeral range of motion (ROM). METHODS: 679 players (14-18 years) provided weekly reports on shoulder injury and handball load (training and competition hours) over 31 weeks using the SMS, phone and medical examination system...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099326/implementation-of-a-needs-based-online-feedback-tool-for-anesthesia-residents-with-subsequent-mapping-of-the-feedback-to-the-acgme-milestones
#2
Pedro Tanaka, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Kim Walker, Jennifer Zocca, Lena Scotto, Alyssa L Bogetz, Alex Macario
BACKGROUND: Optimizing feedback that residents receive from faculty is important for learning. The goals of this study were to (1) conduct focus groups of anesthesia residents to define what constitutes optimal feedback; (2) develop, test, and implement a web-based feedback tool; and (3) then map the contents of the written comments collected on the feedback tool to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology milestones. METHODS: All 72 anesthesia residents in the program were invited to participate in 1 of 5 focus groups scheduled over a 2-month period...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097669/mathematical-modeling-of-rotary-blood-pumps-in-a-pulsatile-in-vitro-flow-environment
#3
Tohid Pirbodaghi
Nowadays, sacrificing animals to develop medical devices and receive regulatory approval has become more common, which increases ethical concerns. Although in vivo tests are necessary for development and evaluation of new devices, nonetheless, with appropriate in vitro setups and mathematical models, a part of the validation process can be performed using these models to reduce the number of sacrificed animals. The main aim of this study is to present a mathematical model simulating the hydrodynamic function of a rotary blood pump (RBP) in a pulsatile in vitro flow environment...
January 18, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097529/sleep-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-medical-students-results-of-a-single-center-survey
#4
Navid Ahmed, Mohammad Sadat, Daniel Cukor
OBJECTIVE: There is little known about the demands of medical school on students' sleep behavior. The study's main goal was to examine the interplay between medical students' sleep knowledge, personal attitudes towards sleep, and their sleep habits. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was created and emailed to all students enrolled at a large metropolitan medical school. Data on demographics, sleep perception, and habits in addition to self-reported measures of students' sleep knowledge, beliefs, and sleepiness were collected...
January 17, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095951/simulated-microgravity-effects-on-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-migration
#5
Jae Ho Chung, Chi Bum Ahn, Kuk Hui Son, Eunjue Yi, Ho Sung Son, Han-Sung Kim, Sung Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in medical technology, lung cancer metastasis remains a global health problem. The effects of microgravity on cell morphology, structure, functions, and their mechanisms have been widely studied; however, the biological effects of simulated microgravity on the interaction between cells and its eventual influence on the characteristics of cancer cells are yet to be discovered. We examined the effects of simulated microgravity on the metastatic ability of different lung cancer cells using a random positioning machine...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094209/simplified-low-dose-rate-infant-total-body-irradiation
#6
Nels Knutson, Y James Rao, Sridhar Yaddanapudi, Stephanie M Perkins, H Harold Li
PURPOSE: Low-dose-rate total body irradiation (LDR TBI) in infants possesses unique challenges because of the setup limitations imposed by anesthesia. We present an LDR TBI method with an anteroposterior/posteroanterior arrangement and dose rate < 10 cGy/minute for infants (thickness <14 cm) without the use of a beam attenuator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The delivery used a 6 MV TrueBeam linear accelerator (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) with adjustable meterset rates below 100 MU/minute...
October 24, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088777/causes-and-characteristics-of-medical-student-referrals-to-a-professional-behaviour-board
#7
Pieter C Barnhoorn, Jan H Bolk, Marleen W Ottenhoff-de Jonge, Walther N K A van Mook, Arnout Jan de Beaufort
Objectives: To describe the nature of unprofessional behaviour displayed by medical students, as well as the characteristics of students referred to the professional behaviour board. Methods: A descriptive mixed methods approach was taken, in which qualitative data on unprofessional behaviour, as well as quantitative data on the demographics of referred students were collected during the study period between June 1, 2009 and January 1, 2014. In order to compare the referred students with the total student population, data on gender, nationality and phase in the curriculum of the total student population, collected from the student administration desk, were also used...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088241/perceptions-of-mistreatment-among-trainees-vary-at-different-stages-of-clinical-training
#8
Afif N Kulaylat, Danni Qin, Susie X Sun, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Jane R Schubart, Antone J Aboud, Donald J Flemming, Peter W Dillon, Edward R Bollard, David C Han
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of trainees remains a frequently reported phenomenon in medical education. One barrier to creating an educational culture of respect and professionalism may be a lack of alignment in the perceptions of mistreatment among different learners. Through the use of clinical vignettes, our aim was to assess the perceptions of trainees toward themes of potential mistreatment at different stages of training. METHODS: Based on observations from external experts embedded in the clinical learning environment, six thematic areas of potential mistreatment were identified: verbal abuse, specialty-choice discrimination, non-educational tasks, withholding/denying learning opportunities, neglect and gender/racial insensitivity...
January 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086868/the-impact-of-students-and-curriculum-on-self-study-during-clinical-training-in-medical-school-a-multilevel-approach
#9
J Barbosa, A Silva, M A Ferreira, M Severo
BACKGROUND: In higher education, the focus has shifted from the acquisition of knowledge to learning objectives and skills. This means that, the majority of student learning time is spent independently working outside the classroom. Students take an active role in setting goals, deciding how to achieve them, and planning individual study time. Although extensive research has recognized the importance of curriculum and students' characteristics in time devoted to self-study, it is still unclear to what extent these variables affect time to study...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086770/social-pediatrics-weaving-horizontal-and-vertical-threads-through-pediatric-residency
#10
Meta van den Heuvel, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Rebecca Levy, Adelle Atkinson, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Michelle Shouldice
BACKGROUND: Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients' social, environmental and political contexts. It's an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize social pediatric education in our pediatric residency training in order to identify strengths and gaps. METHODS: A social pediatrics curriculum map was developed, attending to 3 different dimensions: (1) the intended curriculum as prescribed by the Objectives of Training for Pediatrics of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), (2) the formal curriculum defined by rotation-specific learning objectives, and (3) the informal/hidden curriculum as reflected in resident and teacher experiences and perceptions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081231/physical-activity-energy-expenditure-nutritional-habits-quality-of-sleep-and-stress-levels-in-shift-working-health-care-personnel
#11
Frederick Charles Roskoden, Janine Krüger, Lena Johanna Vogt, Simone Gärtner, Hans Joachim Hannich, Antje Steveling, Markus M Lerch, Ali A Aghdassi
BACKGROUND: Among health care personnel working regular hours or rotating shifts can affect parameters of general health and nutrition. We have investigated physical activity, sleep quality, metabolic activity and stress levels in health care workers from both groups. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 46 volunteer participants from the workforce of a University Medical Department of which 23 worked in rotating shifts (all nursing) and 21 non-shift regular hours (10 nursing, 13 clerical staff)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075178/the-scope-of-physiotherapy-services-provided-in-public-icus-in-greece-a-pilot-study
#12
Eirini Grammatopoulou, Theodoros N Charmpas, Eftychia G Strati, Nikolaos Tsamis, Afroditi Evagelodimou, Vlassia Belimpasaki, Emmanouil K Skordilis
The aim of the present study was to determine the scope of physiotherapy services provided in Greek ICUs in Athens. A cross-sectional study was conducted with two postal questionnaires administered separately, one for ICU directors and one for ICU physiotherapists. Responses were received from 19 ICU directors and 103 physiotherapists employed in all the adult public mixed medical and surgical ICUs across Athens. The response rate for the survey completion was 100% for ICU directors and 68.7% for physiotherapists...
January 11, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065953/self-evaluation-of-ethical-review-committees-functioning-at-foundation-university-medical-college-fumc-through-structured-constitution-practice-outcome-cpo-assessment-model
#13
Sadia Ahsin, Gul E Naghma Saeed
OBJECTIVE: To assess the operational efficiency of the ethical review committee of a medical college. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Foundation University Medical College, Islamabad, Pakistan, from 2012 to 2014. On the basis of literature review, methods for assessment of various features of ethical review committee were studied. A constitution-practice-outcome measurement model for evaluation of ethical review committee assessment process was developed...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065519/enhancing-pediatric-trainees-and-students-knowledge-in-providing-care-to-transgender-youth
#14
Stanley R Vance, Madeline B Deutsch, Stephen M Rosenthal, Sara M Buckelew
PURPOSE: To enhance pediatric trainees' and students' knowledge of the psychosocial and medical issues facing transgender youth through a comprehensive curriculum. METHODS: During the 2015-2016 academic year, we administered a transgender youth curriculum to fourth-year medical students, pediatric interns, psychiatry interns, and nurse practitioner students on their 1-month adolescent and young adult medicine rotation. The curriculum included six interactive, online modules and an observational experience in a multidisciplinary pediatric gender clinic...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064330/blockade-of-fast-a-type-and-tea-sensitive-potassium-channels-provide-an-antiparkinsonian-effect-in-a-6-ohda-animal-model
#15
Hashem Haghdoost-Yazdi, Hossein Piri, Reza Najafipour, Ayda Faraji, Negin Fraidouni, Tahereh Dargahi, Mahmud Alipour Heidari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of K+ channels inhibitors in treatment of parkinson`s disease (PD). METHODS: This prospective comparative study was conducted in the Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from April 2015 to January 2016. Male rats (n=37) received intraperitoneal doses of TEA (2 and 5 mg/kg) or 4-AP (0.5 and 1 mg/kg) twice-daily, before a stereotactic injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) for the following 7 days. The 6-OHDA was injected into right medial forebrain bundle (MFB) of the rat brains...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056969/voluntary-attendance-of-small-group-brainstorming-tutoring-courses-intensify-new-clerk-s-excellence-in-clinical-care-a-pilot-study
#16
Ling-Yu Yang, Chia-Chang Huang, Hui-Chi Hsu, Ying-Ying Yang, Ching-Chi Chang, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Wei-Shin Lee, Jen-Feng Liang, Hao Min Cheng, Chin-Chou Huang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shung-Tai Ho, Ralph Kirby
BACKGROUND: Clerkship provides a unique way of transferring the knowledge and skills gathered during medical school's curriculum into real-ward clinical care environment. The annual program evaluation has indicated that the training of clerks in diagnostic and clinical reasoning skills needed to be enhanced. Recently, "clinical excellence" program have been promoted in our institution to augment the excellence in clinical care of new clerks. Current study aims to evaluate whether this pilot program improve the "clinical excellence" of new clerks...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056512/palliative-care-exposure-in-internal-medicine-residency-education
#17
Asher Edwards, Samuel Nam
As the baby boomer generation ages, the need for palliative care services will be paramount and yet training for palliative care physicians is currently inadequate to meet the current palliative care needs. Nonspecialty-trained physicians will need to supplement the gap between supply and demand. Yet, no uniform guidelines exist for the training of internal medicine residents in palliative care. To our knowledge, no systematic study has been performed to evaluate how internal medicine residencies currently integrate palliative care into their training...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053558/high-fidelity-medical-simulation-training-improves-medical-students-knowledge-and-confidence-levels-in-septic-shock-resuscitation
#18
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Jarernporn Kawla-Ied, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai
BACKGROUND: Septic shock resuscitation bundles have poor compliance worldwide partly due to a lack of knowledge and clinical skills. High-fidelity simulation-based training is a new teaching technology in our faculty which may improve the performance of medical students in the resuscitation process. However, since the efficacy of this training method in our institute is limited, we organized an extra class for this evaluation. PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the effect on medical students' knowledge and confidence levels after the high-fidelity medical simulation training in septic shock management...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052767/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-spiritual-index-of-well-being-in-elderly-taiwanese
#19
Li-Fen Wu, Shu-Hui Yang, Malcolm Koo
BACKGROUND: Spiritual well-being has become an increasingly important issue for the elderly people. The 12-item Spirituality Index of Well-Being (SIWB) is a well-validated instrument for assessing a patient's current spiritual state. However, the psychometric properties of the SIWB in the Chinese elderly populations are not known. Therefore, this study translated the SIWB into Chinese and evaluated its psychometric properties. METHODS: The English version of the SIWB was first translated into Chinese based on the Brislin's translation model...
January 4, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049673/dental-students-reflections-on-quality-of-periodontal-care-in-dental-school-clinics
#20
Sangeetha Chandrasekaran, Charles Powell, Laurice De la Rosa, Anuj Mittal, Lonnie Johnson
The aim of this study was to analyze dental students' descriptions of and reflections on the periodontal care they provided for their patients in dental school clinics. All students enrolled in the final year of the DDS program in 2011-14 at the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine were required to complete a self-assessment of the periodontal care they provided for patients. Assessments from 263 students were compiled and qualitatively analyzed. The key reasons given for not providing good care were identified and then stratified as student/school-dependent or patient-dependent factors...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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