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Tumor vessel normalization

Rania R Abdelaziz, Wagdi F Elkashef, Eman Said
Silicosis is a crippling respiratory disorder characterized by massive lung inflammation and fibrosis. The current study provides evidence on the protective potential of tadalafil; a specific phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor against experimentally-induced pulmonary silicosis in rats. Silicosis was induced by intranasal instillation of crystalline silica (50mg/rat). Halofuginone hydrobromide; a standard collagen-1 synthesis inhibitor was selected as a reference anti-fibrotic. Daily oral administration of tadalafil (1mg/kg) for 8weeks significantly ameliorated silica-induced pulmonary damage...
October 18, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Albino Carrizzo, Antonio Damato, Mariateresa Ambrosio, Antonia Falco, Alessandra Rosati, Mario Capunzo, Michele Madonna, Maria C Turco, James L Januzzi, Vincenzo De Laurenzi, Carmine Vecchione
Bcl2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3), is constitutively expressed in a few normal cell types, including myocytes, peripheral nerves and in the brain, and is also expressed in certain tumors. To date, the main studies about the role of BAG3 are focused on its pro-survival effect in tumors through various mechanisms that vary according to cellular type. Recently, elevated concentrations of a soluble form of BAG3 were described in patients affected by advanced stage of heart failure (HF), identifying BAG3 as a potentially useful biomarker in monitoring HF progression...
October 20, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Loiy E Ahmed Hassan, Saad S Dahham, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Abdelhafeez M A Mohammed, Nagla M Eltayeb, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid, Aman Shah Abdul Majid
BACKGROUND: Balanite aegyptiaca (L.) Delile, is a plant with extensive medicinal properties. Its stem bark is traditionally known for its spasmolytic and antiepileptic properties and used to treat yellow fever, jaundice and syphilis. Angiogenesis (sprouting of new blood vessels) is crucial for tumor growth and metastasis. The goal of this study is investigate the antiangiogenic, cytotoxicity and antioxidant activity as well as antitumor in vivo properties of B. aegyptiaca stem bark extracts...
October 19, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
J A Molad, D T Blumenthal, F Bokstein, M Findler, I Finkel, N M Bornstein, S Yust-Katz, E Auriel
Post-radiation leukoencephalopathy is characterized by cognitive impairment and white matter alternations on imaging. Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is one of several suggested etiologies. Cerebral microinfarction (CMI) is a recently described marker of SVD. We sought to examine the rate of CMI as a biomarker of ongoing ischemia among patients who underwent brain radiotherapy (RT). 110 patients treated with RT for primary or metastatic brain tumors were enrolled. A total of 685 brain MRI tests performed 1-108 months post-radiation were examined...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Maud-Emmanuelle Gilles, Federica Maione, Mélissande Cossutta, Gilles Carpentier, Laure Caruana, Sylvia Di Maria, Claire Houppe, Damien Destouches, Ksenya Shchors, Christopher Prochasson, Fabien Mongelard, Simona Lamba, Alberto Bardelli, Philippe Bouvet, Anne Couvelard, José Courty, Enrico Giraudo, Ilaria Cascone
Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive tumor, mostly resistant to the standard treatments. Nucleolin (NCL) is overexpressed in cancers and its inhibition impairs tumor growth. Herein we showed that NCL was overexpressed in human specimens of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and that the overall survival significantly increased in patients with low levels of NCL. The NCL antagonist N6L strongly impaired the growth of primary tumors and liver metastasis in an orthotopic mouse model of PDAC (mPDAC). Similar anti-tumor effect of N6L has been observed in a highly angiogenic mouse model of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor RIP-Tag2...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Research
Takashi Oide, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Kiyoshi Shibuya, Ichiro Yoshino, Yukio Nakatani, Kenzo Hiroshima
We report a 38-year-old woman with a left lung tumor presenting as obstructive pneumonia. Bronchoscopic examination revealed a polypoid tumor filling the left main bronchus. The tumor was partially resected by a snaring procedure for diagnostic purposes. Microscopic examination revealed a submucosal tumor located underneath normal bronchial epithelium. The tumor was composed of sheets of uniform oval to cuboidal cells encompassing numerous blood vessels. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells exhibited smooth muscle markers, but were negative for neuroendocrine markers...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Fu-Nan Cho, San-Nung Chen, Yu-Hsiang Chang, James R Carey
OBJECTIVE: Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is rare and is characterized by a slow growth. The objective of this report is to present a case of PSTT associated with irregular vaginal spotting that occurred 1 year after normal vaginal delivery. CASE REPORT: This report provides interesting ultrasound, hysteroscopy, and histology findings of PSTT. It is difficult to make a clinical diagnosis of PSTT at an early stage. Without the use of immunohistochemical analysis, PSTT may evade histological detection...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Vidhya Kumar, Yves Boucher, Hao Liu, Diego Ferreira, Jacob Hooker, Ciprian Catana, Andrew J Hoover, Tobias Ritter, Rakesh K Jain, Alexander R Guimaraes
PURPOSE: Losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, can reduce desmoplasia and enhance drug delivery and efficacy through improving interstitial transport and vascular perfusion in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) models in mice. The purpose of this study was to determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) and micro-positron emission tomography (PET) measurements could respectively detect improvements in tumor vascular parameters and drug uptake in orthotopic PDAC in mice treated with losartan...
October 2016: Translational Oncology
Michael Welter, Heiko Rieger
Tumor vasculature, the blood vessel network supplying a growing tumor with nutrients such as oxygen or glucose, is in many respects different from the hierarchically organized arterio-venous blood vessel network in normal tissues. Angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels), vessel cooption (the integration of existing blood vessels into the tumor vasculature), and vessel regression remodel the healthy vascular network into a tumor-specific vasculature. Integrative models, based on detailed experimental data and physical laws, implement, in silico, the complex interplay of molecular pathways, cell proliferation, migration, and death, tissue microenvironment, mechanical and hydrodynamic forces, and the fine structure of the host tissue vasculature...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Younghyoun Yoon, Aaron M Mohs, Michael C Mancini, Shuming Nie, Hyunsuk Shim
Despite major advances in targeted drug therapy and radiation therapy, surgery remains the most effective treatment for most solid tumors. The single most important predictor of patient survival is a complete surgical resection of the primary tumor, draining lymph nodes, and metastatic lesions. Presently, however, 20%-30% of patients with head and neck cancer who undergo surgery still leave the operating room without complete resection because of missed lesions. Thus, major opportunities exist to develop advanced imaging tracers and intraoperative instrumentation that would allow surgeons to visualize microscopic tumors during surgery...
September 2016: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Tsuyoshi Shimo, Masaharu Takigawa
Angiogenesis, the process of generating new blood vessels from an existing vasculature, is essential in normal developmental processes such as endochondral ossification and in numerous kinds of pathogenesis including tumor growth. A part from the action of angiogenic factor or antiangiogenic factor, it is still unknown at which stage of the angiogenic cascade these agents affect angiogenesis. Here, we describe methods for the use of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) and CCN2 neutralizing antibody in the currently used principal angiogenesis assays, including those in vitro ones for the proliferation, migration, adhesion, and tube formation of endothelial cells and in vivo assays such as those utilizing type I collagen implantation and the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Jian-Jun Li, Jie Luo, Jing-Ning Lu, Xiao-Na Liang, Yi-Huan Luo, Yong-Ru Liu, Jie Yang, Hua Ding, Gui-Hui Qin, Li-Hua Yang, Yi-Wu Dang, Hong Yang, Gang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and the clinicopathological features in HCC as well as its biological function. METHODS: Totally, 412 liver tissues were collected, including 171 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and their corresponding non-tumor tissues, 37 cirrhosis and 33 normal liver tissues. The expression of TRAF6 was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Then, analysis of the correlations between TRAF6 expression and clinicopathological parameters in HCC was conducted...
2016: Cancer Cell International
Sylvia M Bardet, Lynn Carr, Malak Soueid, Delia Arnaud-Cormos, Philippe Leveque, Rodney P O'Connor
Despite the biomedical advances of the last century, many cancers including glioblastoma are still resistant to existing therapies leaving patients with poor prognoses. Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF) are a promising technology for the treatment of cancer that have thus far been evaluated in vitro and in superficial malignancies. In this paper, we develop a tumor organoid model of glioblastoma and apply intravital multiphoton microscopy to assess their response to nsPEFs. We demonstrate for the first time that a single 10 ns, high voltage electric pulse (35-45 kV/cm), collapses the perfusion of neovasculature, and also alters the diameter of capillaries and larger vessels in normal tissue...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sanne A M van Lith, Ilse Roodink, Joost J C Verhoeff, Petri I Mäkinen, Jari P Lappalainen, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala, Jos Raats, Erwin van Wijk, Ronald Roepman, Stef J Letteboer, Kiek Verrijp, William P J Leenders
Diffuse gliomas are primary brain cancers that are characterised by infiltrative growth. Whereas high-grade glioma characteristically presents with perinecrotic neovascularisation, large tumor areas thrive on pre-existent vasculature as well. Clinical studies have revealed that pharmacological inhibition of the angiogenic process does not improve survival of glioblastoma patients. Direct targeting of tumor vessels may however still be an interesting therapeutic approach as it allows pinching off the blood supply to tumor cells...
September 26, 2016: Oncotarget
John D Martin, Dai Fukumura, Dan G Duda, Yves Boucher, Rakesh K Jain
Solid tumors consist of cancer cells and stromal cells, including resident and transiting immune cells-all ensconced in an extracellular matrix (ECM)-nourished by blood vessels and drained by lymphatic vessels. The microenvironment constituents are abnormal and heterogeneous in morphology, phenotype, and physiology. Such irregularities include an inefficient tumor vascular network comprised of leaky and compressed vessels, which impair blood flow and oxygen delivery. Low oxygenation in certain tumor regions-or focal hypoxia-is a mediator of cancer progression, metastasis, immunosuppression, and treatment resistance...
September 23, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Sébastien Pinte, Bertrand Caetano, Alexandra Le Bras, Chantal Havet, Gaëlle Villain, Racha Dernayka, Catherine Duez, Virginie Mattot, Fabrice Soncin
Activation of the blood vessel endothelium is a critical step during inflammation. Endothelial cells stimulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines play an essential part in the adhesion and extravasation of circulating leucocytes into inflamed tissues. The endothelial egfl7 gene (VE-statin) represses endothelial cell activation in tumors, and prior observations suggested that it could also participate in the regulation of endothelial cell activation during inflammation. We show here that Egfl7 expression is strongly repressed in mouse lung endothelial cells during LPS- and TNFα-induced inflammation in vivo...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Hweixian Leong Penny, Je Lin Sieow, Giulia Adriani, Wei Hseun Yeap, Peter See Chi Ee, Boris San Luis, Bernett Lee, Terence Lee, Shi Ya Mak, Ying Swan Ho, Kong Peng Lam, Choon Kiat Ong, Ruby Y J Huang, Florent Ginhoux, Olaf Rotzschke, Roger D Kamm, Siew Cheng Wong
Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) face a clinically intractable disease with poor survival rates, attributed to exceptionally high levels of metastasis. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is pronounced at inflammatory foci within the tumor; however, the immunological mechanisms promoting tumor dissemination remain unclear. It is well established that tumors exhibit the Warburg effect, a preferential use of glycolysis for energy production, even in the presence of oxygen, to support rapid growth...
August 2016: Oncoimmunology
Ming-Hua Hu, Chen-Yang Ma, Xiao-Ming Wang, Chen-Dong Ye, Guang-Xian Zhang, Lin Chen, Jin-Guo Wang
This study aims to explore the effects of microRNA-126 (miR-126) on tumor proliferation and angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by targeting EGFL7. HCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were obtained from 71 HCC patients. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was conducted to detect expressions of EGFL7 and VEGF and the micro-vessel density (MVD). HCC cell lines were collected and assigned into the blank, miR-126 mimics, miR-126 inhibitors, miR-126 mimics negative control (NC), miR-126 inhibitors NC, si-EGFL7, and miR-126 inhibitors + si-EGFL7 groups...
September 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Zhao-Jie Su, Wen-Gang Li, Jun-Li Huang, Lin-Feng Xiao, Fu-Zhen Chen, Bo-Liang Wang
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional visualization reconstruction, the 3-D visualization model reconstructed by software using 2-D CT images, has been widely applied in medicine; but it has rarely been applied in pancreaticoduodenectomy. Although the hepatic artery is very important for the liver, it has to be removed when tumor invades it. Therefore, portal vein arterialization has been used in clinic as a remedial measure, but there still is professional debate on portal vein arterialization...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lili Huang, Ming Shen, Rongxin Li, Xiangyu Zhang, Ying Sun, Pei Gao, Hao Fu, Hongqiang Liu, Yang He, Yuqing Du, Jun Cao, Yourong Duan
Interventional embolization therapy is an effective, most widely used method for inoperable liver tumors. Blood-vessel-embolic agents were essential in transarterial embolization (TAE). In this work, thermo-sensitive composite hydrogels based on poloxamer 407, sodium alginate, hydroxymethyl cellulose and iodixanol (PSHI), together with Ca2+ (PSHI-Ca2+) were prepared as liquid embolic agents for TAE therapy to liver cancer. With increasing temperature, PSHI exhibited two phase states: a flowing sol and a shrunken gel...
September 1, 2016: Oncotarget
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