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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767395/behavioral-therapy-approaches-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-an-up-to-date-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kristallia Vitoula, Annalena Venneri, Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini, Panagiota Sykioti, Joy Adewusi, Panagiotis Zis
Low back pain is one of the most common causes for seeking medical treatment and it is estimated that one in two people will experience low back pain at some point during their lifetimes. Management of low back pain includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Non-pharmaceutical treatments include interventions such as acupuncture, spinal manipulation, and psychotherapy. The latter is especially important as patients who suffer from low back pain often have impaired quality of life and also suffer from depression...
May 16, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762177/neuropsychological-phenotypes-among-men-with-and-without-hiv-disease-in-the-multicenter-aids-cohort-study
#2
Samantha A Molsberry, Yu Cheng, Lawrence Kingsley, Lisa Jacobson, Andrew J Levine, Eileen Martin, Eric N Miller, Cynthia A Munro, Ann Ragin, Ned Sacktor, James T Becker
OBJECTIVE: Mild forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) remain prevalent in the combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) era. This study's objective was to identify neuropsychological subgroups within the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) based on the participant-based latent structure of cognitive function and to identify factors associated with subgroups. DESIGN: The MACS is a four-site longitudinal study of the natural and treated history of HIV disease among gay and bisexual men...
May 11, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758121/the-perspectives-of-former-recipients-and-experts-on-stigmatization-related-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-denmark-a-focus-group-study
#3
Iben Sylvia Kring, Maria Daniella Bergholt, Julie Midtgaard
INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has existed worldwide for nearly 80 years. Although fast working and potentially life-saving, ECT is regarded as a strongly controversial treatment and stigmatization is frequently mentioned in relation to it. However, no systematic research in this area has taken place so far. AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences and attitudes of former recipients of ECT and of experts professionally involved with ECT in order to identify potential stigmatization...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754122/schizophrenia-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
V Mamakou, A Thanopoulou, F Gonidakis, N Tentolouris, V Kontaxakis
Schizophrenia is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in elevated cardiovascular risk and limited life expectancy, translated into a weighted average of 14.5 years of potential life lost and an overall weighted average life expectancy of 64.7 years. The exact prevalence of type 2 diabetes among people with schizophrenia varies across studies and ranges 2-5fold higher than in the general population, whereas the aetiology is complex and multifactorial. Besides common diabetogenic factors, applied similarly in the general population, such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, smoking, hypertension, poor diet and limited physical activity, the co-occurrence of schizophrenia and diabetes is also attributed to unique conditions...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740870/asian-consensus-on-assessment-and-management-of-mild-to-moderate-plaque-psoriasis-with-topical-therapy
#5
Shinichi Imafuku, Min Zheng, Yayoi Tada, Xibao Zhang, Colin Theng, Suganthi Thevarajah, Yi Zhao, Hae Jun Song
A working group of dermatologists in Asian countries assessed the current status of psoriatic management in the region to prepare a consensus report on topical treatment in mild to moderate plaque psoriasis. Even though the association of psoriasis with systemic comorbidities is increasingly acknowledged, psoriasis is still lower in health-care priority lists in the region. The psychosocial impact of psoriasis may be greater in Asian countries due to cultural norms and social discrimination. Non-adherence to treatment is also common among Asians...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732526/neuroprotective-evidence-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-and-desvenlafaxine-on-memory-deficit-in-a-neuroendocrine-model-of-depression
#6
Caren Nádia Soares de Sousa, Lucas Nascimento Meneses, Germana Silva Vasconcelos, Ingridy da Silva Medeiros, Márcia Calheiros Chaves Silva, Fayçal Mouaffak, Oussama Kebir, Cláudio Manuel Gonçalves da Silva Leite, Manoel Cláudio Azevedo Patrocinio, Danielle Macedo, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos
Cognitive impairment is present in patients with depression. We hypothesized that alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) can reduce cognitive impairment, especially when combined to antidepressants. Female mice received vehicle or corticosterone (CORT) 20 mg/kg, s.c. for 14 days. From the 15th to 21st day, the animals were divided in groups: vehicle, CORT, CORT+desvenlafaxine (DVS) 10 or 20 mg/kg, ALA 100 or 200 mg/kg, DVS10+ALA100, DVS20+ALA100, DVS10+ALA200, or DVS20+ALA200. Tail suspension (TST), social interaction (SIT), novel object recognition (NOR), and Y-maze tests were conducted...
May 7, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724120/critical-dialogical-approach-a-methodological-direction-for-occupation-based-social-transformative-work
#7
Lisette Farias, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Nick Pollard, Sandra Schiller, Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Kerry Thomas, Hanneke van Bruggen
BACKGROUND: Calls for embracing the potential and responsibility of occupational therapy to address socio-political conditions that perpetuate occupational injustices have materialized in the literature. However, to reach beyond traditional frameworks informing practices, this social agenda requires the incorporation of diverse epistemological and methodological approaches to support action commensurate with social transformative goals. AIM: Our intent is to present a methodological approach that can help extend the ways of thinking or frameworks used in occupational therapy and science to support the ongoing development of practices with and for individuals and collectives affected by marginalizing conditions...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722178/external-validation-of-the-rapid-assessment-prioritisation-and-referral-tool-for-multidisciplinary-teams-in-medical-assessment-and-planning-units
#8
Stacey Sharp, Michelle Palmer, Simone L Dullaway, Kristy Fortnum, Michelle-Renee Jane, Inger Kwiecien, Angela Vivanti, Steven M McPhail
OBJECTIVE: The Rapid Assessment Prioritisation and Referral Tool (RAPaRT) was developed for identifying appropriate referrals to allied members of the multidisciplinary team in hospital medical assessment and planning units (MAPUs). This study examined the performance of the RAPaRT for identifying appropriate referrals as well as predicting requirement for admission to hospital and length of stay. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. The RAPaRT, inclusive of seven mandatory items, was completed by nurses for 195 patients presenting to a hospital ED and assessed in a MAPU external to the instrument development site...
May 2, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720873/the-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-dialysis-patients-with-renal-insufficiency
#9
Marta Dąbrowska-Bender, Grażyna Dykowska, Wioletta Żuk, Magdalena Milewska, Anna Staniszewska
Aim: The aim of the study was the subjective assessment of the quality of life (QoL) of 140 patients treated with dialysis (peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis). Background: Chronic kidney disease and the methods of its treatment play an important part in shaping the QoL of patients receiving dialysis. As a result, kidney failure causes many limitations in patients' physical, mental, and social activities. Methods: The instrument to measure the QoL was the authors' own questionnaire made on the basis of Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short Form version 1...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713440/social-robotics-in-therapy-of-apraxia-of-speech
#10
José Carlos Castillo, Diego Álvarez-Fernández, Fernando Alonso-Martín, Sara Marques-Villarroya, Miguel A Salichs
Apraxia of speech is a motor speech disorder in which messages from the brain to the mouth are disrupted, resulting in an inability for moving lips or tongue to the right place to pronounce sounds correctly. Current therapies for this condition involve a therapist that in one-on-one sessions conducts the exercises. Our aim is to work in the line of robotic therapies in which a robot is able to perform partially or autonomously a therapy session, endowing a social robot with the ability of assisting therapists in apraxia of speech rehabilitation exercises...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705734/treatment-of-end-stage-renal-disease-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-in-rural-guatemala
#11
Jillian Moore, Pablo Garcia, Peter Rohloff, David Flood
A 42-year-old indigenous Maya man presented to a non-profit clinic in rural Guatemala with signs, symptoms and laboratory values consistent with uncontrolled diabetes. Despite appropriate treatment, approximately 18 months after presentation, he was found to have irreversible end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of uncertain aetiology. He was referred to the national public nephrology clinic and subsequently initiated home-based continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. With primary care provided by the non-profit clinic, his clinical status improved on dialysis, but socioeconomic and psychological challenges persisted for the patient and his family...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704211/-occupational-skin-cancer-prevention-and-recommendations-for-uv-protection-as-part-of-the-treatment-approved-by-the-public-statutory-employers-liability-insurance
#12
REVIEW
M Rocholl, M Ludewig, C Skudlik, A Wilke
In Germany, approximately 2 to 3 million employees work in outdoor professions. They are exceptionally exposed to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation for a large part of their daily working time. Cumulative UV exposure is associated with a significantly increased risk of skin cancer for outdoor workers from various occupational groups (e. g. landscape and horticulture, agriculture and forestry, fisheries and seafaring, construction and trade, as well as sports teachers, lifeguards and mountain guides). Since 1 January 2015, squamous cell carcinoma and multiple actinic keratosis due to natural UV radiation can be recognised as occupational disease No...
April 27, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692285/metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy-merit-for-patients-with-schizophrenia
#13
S de Jong, R J M van Donkersgoed, M E Timmerman, M Aan Het Rot, L Wunderink, J Arends, M van Der Gaag, A Aleman, P H Lysaker, G H M Pijnenborg
BACKGROUND: Impaired metacognition is associated with difficulties in the daily functioning of people with psychosis. Metacognition can be divided into four domains: Self-Reflection, Understanding the Other's Mind, Decentration, and Mastery. This study investigated whether Metacognitive Reflection and Insight Therapy (MERIT) can be used to improve metacognition. METHODS: This study is a randomized controlled trial. Patients in the active condition (n = 35) received forty MERIT sessions, the control group (n = 35) received treatment as usual...
April 25, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691958/brain-based-treatment-a-new-approach-or-a-well-forgotten-old-one
#14
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689516/preoccupation-with-shape-or-weight-fear-of-weight-gain-feeling-fat-and-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Simona Calugi, Marwan El Ghoch, Maddalena Conti, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the trajectories of change over time in body-image concern components in patients with anorexia nervosa treated by means of intensive enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy. Moreover, it aimed to study the role of body-image concern components in changes in eating and general psychopathology as well as work and social functioning. METHOD: Sixty-six adult patients with anorexia nervosa were recruited. Body mass index (BMI); Eating Disorder Examination 'Dietary Restraint' and 'Eating Concern' subscales; Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI); and Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) scores were recorded at admission, end of treatment, and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
April 13, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689180/occupational-therapy-in-an-intensive-comprehensive-aphasia-program-performance-and-satisfaction-outcomes
#16
Anne A Escher, Aditi M Amlani, Angela M Viani, Sue Berger
In this study, we examined the effectiveness of a community-based, occupational therapy intervention situated within an intensive comprehensive aphasia program (ICAP). Occupational therapy interventions addressed goals of participants with chronic stroke and aphasia for improving their satisfaction with and performance of instrumental activities of daily living, social participation, leisure, work, and volunteer activities. Over 3 yr, 19 people with chronic stroke and aphasia participated in a month-long, intensive, interprofessional, community-based program...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689175/older-manufacturing-workers-and-adaptation-to-age-related-changes
#17
Martha J Sanders
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the age-related changes, adaptations, and contexts that support older workers in the manufacturing sector. METHOD: In a multiple-case study, 10 older workers from two manufacturing companies completed the Job Content Questionnaire, Health and Productivity Questionnaire, and semistructured interviews and underwent task observations for 8 hr over 4 mo. RESULTS: Age-related changes affecting job tasks included near vision, upper extremity strength, grip strength, joint stiffness, and endurance...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659068/evolving-standards-of-care-in-the-age-of-cybertechnology
#18
Frederic G Reamer
Behavioral health professionals are making increased use of cybertechnology to deliver services to patients, communicate with patients, gather information about patients, and communicate with colleagues. The advent of cybertechnology - included the Internet, text (SMS), email, video, cloud storage of electronic records, and other forms of electronic communication and documentation - has introduced novel and unprecedented ethical and risk-management challenges. This article provides an overview of emerging issues related to informed consent; delivery of services; privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communication; boundary issues and dual relationships; documentation; and practitioners' relationships with colleagues...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657613/relationship-between-physician-based-assessment-of-disease-activity-quality-of-life-and-costs-of-ulcerative-colitis-in-poland
#19
Paweł Kawalec, Ewa Stawowczyk
Introduction: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic inflammatory bowel disorder, which requires lifelong treatment. It generates substantial direct and indirect costs, and significantly affects the quality of life, especially in the active state of the disease. Aim: To evaluate the direct and indirect costs of UC as well as to assess disease activity and quality of life reported by patients with UC in Polish settings. Material and methods: A questionnaire, cross-sectional study among UC patients as well as physicians involved in the therapy of the patients was conducted...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650504/interactive-two-way-mhealth-interventions-for-improving-medication-adherence-an-evaluation-using-the-behaviour-change-wheel-framework
#20
Nicole Chiang, Michael Guo, K Rivet Amico, Lou Atkins, Richard T Lester
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is an important but highly complex set of behaviors, which for life-threatening and infectious diseases such as HIV carry critical consequences for individual and public health. There is growing evidence that mobile phone text messaging interventions (mHealth) connecting providers with patients positively impact medication adherence, particularly two-way engagement platforms that require bidirectional communication versus one-way in which responses are not mandatory...
April 12, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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