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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221059/emotion-focused-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-results-from-a-multiple-baseline-study
#1
Ben Shahar, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eve Alon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for adults suffering from social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: Using a nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design, 12 patients (mean age = 26.75 years, SD = 5.15; 7 males) meeting criteria for SAD were treated with up to 28 sessions of EFT. EFT was based on an empathic relationship, 2-chair work for self-criticism, empty-chair work for unresolved feelings, and focusing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219097/-work-anxieties-and-their-treatment-in-medical-rehabilitation-hand-tools-for-capacity-training-and-psychotherapy
#2
B Muschalla
Work-anxieties are often going along with workplace problems and long-term sick leave. Psychopathologically, different qualities of work anxiety can be distinguished: worrying, phobic anxiety, health-related anxiety, anxiety of insufficiency. An evaluation of a work-anxiety treatment showed that confronting patients with the topic work during medical rehabilitation leads to a better course. In work-oriented capacity trainings or behavior therapy groups, coping with everyday phenomena at work may be trained (self-presentation, social rules, work organization and problem solving, coping with chronic illness and impairment conditions)...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218583/taking-our-seat-at-the-table-community-cancer-survivorship
#3
Katie M Polo, Caitlin Smith
Cancer survivors are at risk for occupational performance issues related to activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, work, and social and community participation. Occupational therapy practitioners can address these performance issues by offering services within existing community cancer survivorship programs that focus on adaptive and compensatory strategies to facilitate meaningful lifestyles and optimize health and well-being. Occupational therapy services do not currently exist at these community sites, nor are occupational therapy practitioners recognized as providers in existing community cancer survivorship programs...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216249/position-statement-of-the-brazilian-academy-of-rhinology-on-the-use-of-antihistamines-antileukotrienes-and-oral-corticosteroids-in-the-treatment-of-inflammatory-sinonasal-diseases
#4
Olavo de Godoy Mion, João Ferreira de Mello, Daniel Lorena Dutra, Nilvano Alves de Andrade, Washington Luiz de Cerqueira Almeida, Wilma Teresinha Anselmo-Lima, Leonardo Lopes Balsalobre Filho, Jair de Carvalho E Castro, Roberto Eustáquio Dos Santos Guimarães, Marcus Miranda Lessa, Sérgio Fabrício Maniglia, Roberto Campos Meireles, Márcio Nakanishi, Shirley Shizue Nagata Pignatari, Renato Roithmann, Fabrizio Ricci Romano, Rodrigo de Paula Santos, Marco César Jorge Dos Santos, Edwin Tamashiro
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory conditions of the nose and paranasal sinuses are very prevalent in the general population, resulting in marked loss of quality of life in affected patients, as well as significant work, leisure, and social activity losses. These patients require specific and specialized treatment. A wide range of oral medications are available. OBJECTIVE: The present document is aimed to clarify, for professionals treating patients with inflammatory sinonasal diseases, both specialists and general practitioners, specific oral therapies in noninfectious nasal inflammatory conditions...
January 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202070/social-capital-and-job-satisfaction-among-substance-abuse-treatment-employees
#5
Andreas Tsounis, Dimitris Niakas, Pavlos Sarafis
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is an important predictor for management and clinical ratios. Although it is accepted that is affected by many aspects, the influence of social capital remains to be determined. The main purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and individual social capital for employees offering services in the treatment of addiction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 239 employees from 14 therapeutic programs at KETEA (Therapy Center for Dependent Individuals in Greece) (KETHEA)...
February 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185122/multidisciplinary-approach-in-the-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension
#6
REVIEW
S A Potthoff, O Vonend
With its high prevalence and the eminent number of undetected or poorly controlled patients, the management of arterial hypertension is still a challenging task. Uncontrolled blood pressure is the major adjustable risk factor for cardiovascular end organ damage for coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and renal disease. Patients with resistant hypertension often need a multidisciplinary approach in order to control their blood pressure sustainably. In cooperation with hypertension specialists, the underlying cause for therapy resistance should be evaluated...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182471/efficacy-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-using-computer-software-with-individuals-living-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-japan
#7
Kazuhiko Iwata, Yasuhiro Matsuda, Sayaka Sato, Shunichi Furukawa, Yukako Watanabe, Norifumi Hatsuse, Emi Ikebuchi
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment is common in schizophrenia, and is associated with poor psychosocial functioning. Previous studies had inconsistently shown improvement in cognitive functions with cognitive remediation therapy. This study examined whether cognitive remediation is effective in improving both cognitive and social functions in schizophrenia in outpatient settings that provide learning-based psychiatric rehabilitation. This study is the first randomized controlled trial of cognitive remediation in Japan...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181844/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-transprofessional-healthcare-role-intervention-in-an-acute-medical-setting
#8
Melissa Kaltner, Doug Murtagh, Marguerite Bennetts, Alison Pighills, Julie James, Annette Scott
As demand for health services increases, attention has turned to the development of alternate models of service delivery that maximise efficiency. These include skill sharing models, in which cross-professional skills are delivered by appropriately trained professionals. The usage of skill sharing models is increasing in some professions, but little evidence on efficacy currently exists. This article reports on an intervention of the use of a transprofessional role, which involved delivery of services from a range of health providers, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, dietetics, speech pathology, podiatry, social work, and psychology, by a trained professional, developed and trialled in the acute medical setting in Toowoomba Hospital, Queensland, Australia...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171816/the-western-disease-autism-and-somali-parents-embodied-health-movements
#9
Claire Laurier Decoteau
There is some statistical evidence indicating that Somali refugees and immigrants have high rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Somalis in North America call autism the "Western disease" because there is no word for autism in the Somali language and because many believe it does not exist in Somalia. In Toronto, Somali parents have forged an "epistemic community," united around a coherent theory of the development of autism, its defining features, and most successful therapies. They work together with researchers to support the theory that gut bacteria is a causal factor for the development of autism...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167379/within-session-effect-of-repeated-stress-exposure-on-extinction-circuitry-function-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#10
Fredrik Åhs, Malin Gingnell, Tomas Furmark, Mats Fredrikson
Anxiety reduction following repeated exposure to stressful experiences is generally held to depend on neural processes involved in extinction of conditioned fear. We predicted that repeated exposure to stressful experiences would change activity throughout the circuitry serving extinction, including ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), the hippocampus and the amygdala. To test this prediction, 36 participants diagnosed with SAD performed two successive speeches in front of an observing audience while regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was recorded using positron emission tomography...
January 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167177/the-use-of-craniosacral-therapy-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-benefits-from-the-viewpoints-of-parents-clients-and-therapists
#11
Susan Vaughan Kratz, Jane Kerr, Lorraine Porter
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this preliminary study were to explore: the use of CranioSacral Therapy for persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder, the demographics of participants, and the retrospective interpretation of reported changes related to the intervention. Participants included therapists, parents, and clients. METHODS: Recruitment of participants was conducted through electronic social and professional networks. Online questionnaire surveys were provided...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166277/ketogenic-diet-improves-behaviors-in-a-maternal-immune-activation-model-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
David N Ruskin, Michelle I Murphy, Sierra L Slade, Susan A Masino
Prenatal factors influence autism spectrum disorder (ASD) incidence in children and can increase ASD symptoms in offspring of animal models. These may include maternal immune activation (MIA) due to viral or bacterial infection during the first trimesters. Unfortunately, regardless of ASD etiology, existing drugs are poorly effective against core symptoms. For nearly a century a ketogenic diet (KD) has been used to treat seizures, and recent insights into mechanisms of ASD and a growing recognition that immune/inflammatory conditions exacerbate ASD risk has increased interest in KD as a treatment for ASD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159503/an-interprofessional-education-workshop-to-develop-health-professional-student-opioid-misuse-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills
#13
Kristina Monteiro, Luba Dumenco, Sally Collins, Jeffrey Bratberg, Celia MacDonnell, Anita Jacobson, Richard Dollase, Paul George
OBJECTIVE: To implement and evaluate an interprofessional workshop focused on increasing student knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward opioid misuse. SETTING: The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, April 2016. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Health professional students from medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work, and physical therapy participated in an interprofessional education workshop focused on opioid use disorder...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156603/benefits-of-cover-makeup-for-survivors
#14
Yuji Heike
: 259 Background: Cancer therapy causes various appearance changes, such as chemotherapy-induced alopecia and skin pigmentation. These events decrease cancer survivors' QoL (quality of life), and sometimes deprive them of social life and work opportunities. Even though wigs are commonly accessible to care hair loss, the way has not been established to care visual changes in skin. Our previous interview survey revealed that visual changes in skin depressed cancer survivors and their daily life were also interrupted, e...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156487/pathwell-the-development-of-a-triage-center-and-access-hub-for-comprehensive-palliative-care-in-oncology
#15
Erika Lauren Tribett, Marcy Winget, LaTisha Webster, Dorothy Valmayor, Jenna Lunger, Patricia Falconer
: 162 Background: Routine screening to identify palliative care (PC) needs, followed by assessment and management of needs is critical for high-quality cancer care. Our current healthcare system there is poor screening for PC needs, low referral rates to PC services, and unmet needs. In response to these gaps, we developed a dedicated triage center to streamline the assessment of PC needs and better connect patients with appropriate supportive care services. METHODS: We identified 24 services at our academic cancer center that provide PC and supportive services...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152793/transitions-in-care-and-reduction-in-discharge-errors
#16
Tara Szyamnski, Megan Begnoche, Carol Chase, Michelle Moreau, Jessica Barnett
: 77 Background: Patients are often overwhelmed at the time of hospital discharge and focus on home rather than the discharge process. Fragmented communication and lack of planning between the hospital team, patient, family and primary oncologist can lead to frustration and delays in implementation of palliative or curative therapies and potential hospital readmission when the plan of care is not followed in a timely manner. Our goal is to avoid medication errors, delays in implementation of a care plan and reemergence of symptoms or new symptoms as a result of a suboptimal discharge transition...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152725/implementing-psychosocial-distress-screening-across-a-health-system-herding-cats-or-herding-cats
#17
(no author information available yet)
: 113 Background: With the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer 2015 Standards in hand, Penn Medicine embarked on a project to formulate an entity-wide plan for the provision of psychosocial distress screening. Identifying psychosocial distress and providing resources to meet those needs is an essential component of quality cancer care. Penn Medicine and the Abramson Cancer Center provided more than 91,000 chemotherapy treatments, 121,000 radiation treatments, and 14,000 proton therapy treatments in FY 15 in urban, suburban and rural settings with wide variations in resources...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#18
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131700/change-in-self-as-context-perspective-taking-occurs-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-people-with-chronic-pain-and-is-associated-with-improved-functioning
#19
Lin Yu, Sam Norton, Lance M McCracken
: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is based on the Psychological Flexibility (PF) model, which includes a therapeutic process, referred to as "self-as-context" (SAC). This study investigates whether ACT is associated with an effect on SAC and whether this effect is linked to treatment outcomes in people with chronic pain. 412 adults referred to a pain management center participated in the study. Participants completed measures of treatment processes (SAC, pain acceptance) and outcomes (pain-related interference, work and social adjustment, depression) before treatment, upon completion of treatment, and at nine-month follow-up...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129555/treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-alters-functional-connectivity-in-emotion-regulation-neural-circuitry
#20
Katherine S Young, Lisa J Burklund, Jared B Torre, Darby Saxbe, Matthew D Lieberman, Michelle G Craske
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized at a neurobiological level by disrupted activity in emotion regulation neural circuitry. Previous work has demonstrated amygdala hyperreactivity and disrupted prefrontal responses to social cues in individuals with SAD (Kim et al., 2011). While exposure-based psychological treatments effectively reduce SAD symptoms, not all individuals respond to treatment. Better understanding of the neural mechanisms involved offers the potential to improve treatment efficacy...
January 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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