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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327603/a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-patient-centered-goal-setting-practices-of-allied-health-clinicians-working-in-rehabilitation
#1
Lisa J Cameron, Lisa M Somerville, Catherine E Naismith, Dina Watterson, Valentina Maric, Natasha A Lannin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways clinicians engage rehabilitation patients in patient-centered goal setting and identify factors influencing the goal-setting process. DESIGN: Ethnographic study utilizing observed practice-thematic analysis. SETTING: Four rehabilitation wards of a large metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. SUBJECTS: Participants included 17 rehabilitation patients, 18 allied health clinicians and one family member...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317223/cluster-analysis-of-vulnerable-groups-in-acute-tbi-rehabilitation
#2
Erkut N Kucukboyaci, Coralynn Long, Michelle Smith, Joseph F Rath, Tamara Bushnik
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complex relationship between various social indicators that contribute to socioeconomic status and healthcare barriers. DESIGN: Cluster analysis of historical patient data obtained from inpatient visits. SETTING: Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation unit in a large, urban university hospital PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients receiving acute inpatient care, predominantly for closed head injury. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We examined the membership of TBI patients in various "vulnerable group" (VG) clusters (e...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315132/self-help-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-working-women-with-problematic-hot-flushes-and-night-sweats-menos-work-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Claire Hardy, Amanda Griffiths, Sam Norton, Myra S Hunter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the efficacy of an unguided, self-help cognitive behavior therapy (SH-CBT) booklet on hot flush and night sweat (HFNS) problem rating, delivered in a work setting. METHODS: Women aged 45 to 60 years, having 10 or more problematic HFNS a week, were recruited to a multicenter randomized controlled trial, via the occupational health/human resources departments of eight organizations. Participants were 1:1 randomized to SH-CBT or no treatment waitlist control (NTWC)...
January 8, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313391/re-imagining-occupational-therapy-clients-as-communities-presenting-the-community-centred-practice-framework
#4
Nerida Hyett, Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists' are increasingly working with communities and providing services at the community level. There is, however, a lack of conceptual frameworks to guide this work. AIM: The aim of this article is to present a new conceptual framework for community-centered practice in occupational therapy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The conceptual framework was developed from qualitative multi-case research on exemplars of community participation...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313190/structural-inequities-and-social-networks-impact-hormone-use-and-misuse-among-transgender-women-in-los-angeles-county
#5
Kirsty Clark, Jesse B Fletcher, Ian W Holloway, Cathy J Reback
In order to reduce gender dysphoria and combat stigma, transgender women often affirm their gender through social and medical transition, which may include cross-sex hormone therapy. This study examined associations between medically monitored hormone use and hormone misuse (non-prescribed hormone use including "fillers"), structural inequities (access to housing, health insurance, and income), and social network dynamics among 271 transgender women in Los Angeles. Hormone use status was coded trichotomously (hormone use, hormone misuse, no hormone use), and robust multinomial logistic regression as well as novel social network analysis was conducted to examine associations...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310710/photobiomodulation-using-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-for-patients-with-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#6
Guilherme da Cruz Ribeiro Poiani, Ana Luiza Zaninotto, Ana Maria Costa Carneiro, Renato Amaro Zangaro, Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado, Rodolfo Borges Parreira, Almir Ferreira de Andrade, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Wellingson Silva Paiva
BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been tested as a new technique to optimize recovery of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study is to evaluate inhibitory attentional control after 18 sessions of active LLLT and compare with the placebo group (sham LLLT). Our exploratory analysis will evaluate the efficacy of the active LLLT on verbal and visuospatial episodic memory, executive functions (working memory, verbal and visuospatial fluency, attentional processes), and anxiety and depressive symptoms compared to the sham group...
January 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300277/developing-a-core-outcome-domain-set-to-assessing-effectiveness-of-interdisciplinary-multimodal-pain-therapy-the-vapain-consensus-statement-on-core-outcome-domains
#7
Ulrike Kaiser, Christian Kopkow, Stefanie Deckert, Katrin Neustadt, Lena Jacobi, Paul Cameron, Valerio De Angelis, Christian Apfelbacher, Bernhard Arnold, Judy Birch, Anna Bjarnegård, Sandra Christiansen, Amanda Williams C de C, Gudrun Gossrau, Andrea Heinks, Michael Hüppe, Henri Kiers, Ursula Kleinert, Paolo Martelletti, Lance McCracken, Nelleke de Meij, Bernd Nagel, Jo Nijs, Heike Norda, Jasvinder A Singh, Ellen Spengler, Caroline Terwee, Tugwell Peter, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Heike Wandrey, Edmund Neugebauer, Rainer Sabatowski, Jochen Schmitt
Interdisciplinary multimodal pain therapy (IMPT) is a biopsychosocial treatment approach for patients with chronic pain that comprises at least psychological and physiotherapeutic interventions. Core Outcome Sets (COSs) are currently developed in different medical fields to standardize and improve the selection of outcome-domains, and measurement instruments in clinical trials, to make trial results meaningful, to pool trial results, and to allow indirect comparison between interventions. The objective of this study was to develop a COS of patient-relevant outcome-domains for chronic pain in IMPT clinical trials...
December 18, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289963/treatment-guidelines-for-circadian-rhythm-sleep-wake-disorders-of-the-polish-sleep-research-society-and-the-section-of-biological-psychiatry-of-the-polish-psychiatric-association-part-ii-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Adam Wichniak, Konrad S Jankowski, Michał Skalski, Krystyna Skwarło-Sońta, Jolanta B Zawilska, Marcin Żarowski, Ewa Poradowska, Wojciech Jernajczyk
AIM: Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWD) are a group of disorders, in which the timing of sleep and wakefulness significantly differs from a patient's expectations or socially acceptable times. The aimof the article is to present the current principles for the diagnosis and treatment of CRSWD in adults and children. METHOD: Guidelines proposed as CRSWD treatment standard are based on the recommendations from the scientific societies involved in the sleep research and medicine...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282731/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-proof-of-concept-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
A J Dittner, J Hodsoll, K A Rimes, A J Russell, T Chalder
OBJECTIVE: To investigate efficacy, patient acceptability and feasibility of formulation-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). NICE guidelines for adult ADHD recommend further research into psychological treatments. METHOD: Sixty participants with adult ADHD were randomly allocated to treatment as usual (TAU) vs. TAU plus up to 16 sessions of individual formulation-based CBT for ADHD. RESULTS: Adding formulation-based CBT to TAU for ADHD significantly improved ADHD symptoms on the Barkley Current Symptoms Scale and scores on the Work and Social Adjustment Scale...
December 27, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276482/viewing-another-act-as-you-would-creates-altruistic-desires-towards-that-other
#10
Paul Bogdan
There has been growing evidence for the existence of distributed, frequently updating social "indices", which are related to the reputation of others and predict altruism towards them. However, the means by which the brain modifies an index based on experiences is still unknown. This work utilizes recent insights on the role of the anterior cingulate cortex during perspective taking, dorsolateral prefrontal representations of context, the temporoparietal junctions relationship with understanding another's background, and dorsomedial prefrontal activation patterns tracking reputation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273344/the-effects-of-oxytocin-on-social-cognition-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
A Servan, J Brunelin, E Poulet
INTRODUCTION: Deficits in social cognition and interpersonal difficulties are key features in borderline personality disorder. Social cognition refers to the function of perceiving and adequately dealing with social signals, leading to the establishment and maintenance of healthy and positive social relationships. Evidence suggests that oxytocin (OT) may improve social cognition and human social behavior. Recently, several studies have highlighted the beneficial effects of oxytocin in several psychiatric conditions involving social cognition deficits such as schizophrenia, autism or social phobia...
December 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260388/vitamin-g-arden-a-qualitative-study-exploring-perception-s-of-horticultural-therapy-on-a-palliative-care-ward
#12
Eva Katharina Masel, Helena Trinczek, Feroniki Adamidis, Sophie Schur, Matthias Unseld, Anna Kitta, Kathrin Kirchheiner, Birgit Steininger, Karoline Meixner-Katzmann, Herbert Hans Watzke
PURPOSE: In a palliative care setting, the preservation of quality of life is of particular importance. Horticultural therapy (HT) is reported as an excellent way to improve physical as well as psychological well-being, reduce levels of anxiety and depression, and promote social interaction. The use of horticultural interventions in palliative care has not yet been explored. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of HT in patients and team members on a palliative care ward. METHODS: This study was based on a qualitative methodology, comprising 20 semistructured interviews with 15 advanced cancer patients participating in HT and with 5 members of the palliative care team...
December 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250975/an-update-on-emerging-drugs-for-fibromyalgia-treatment
#13
Fabiola Atzeni, Maria Chiara Gerardi, Ignazio Francesco Masala, Alessandra Alciati, Alberto Batticciotto, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic disorder whose symptoms of pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances and depression have a devastating effect on patients' lives as it limits their ability to engage in everyday working and social activities, and make it difficult to maintain normal relationships with family, friends and employers. None of the currently available drugs are fully effective against the whole spectrum of symptoms. The aim of this narrative review is to summarise the data relating to the new therapeutic options that have become available over the last few years...
December 19, 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249978/prediction-of-scar-size-in-rats-six-months-after-burns-based-on-early-post-injury-polarization-sensitive-optical-frequency-domain-imaging
#14
Eli Kravez, Martin Villiger, Brett Bouma, Martin Yarmush, Zohar Yakhini, Alexander Golberg
Hypertrophic scars remain a major clinical problem in the rehabilitation of burn survivors and lead to physical, aesthetic, functional, psychological, and social stresses. Prediction of healing outcome and scar formation is critical for deciding on the best treatment plan. Both subjective and objective scales have been devised to assess scar severity. Whereas scales of the first type preclude cross-comparison between observers, those of the second type are based on imaging modalities that either lack the ability to image individual layers of the scar or only provide very limited fields of view...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248073/pharmacy-student-involvement-in-student-run-free-clinics-in-the-united-states
#15
Dema Mohammed, Kyle Turner, Kylee Funk
INTRODUCTION: The role of pharmacy students in student-run free clinics (SRFCs) across the United States has not been well-defined. This study sought to assess the level of involvement and roles of pharmacy students in SRFCs as well as their interprofessional collaboration. METHODS: An online survey was sent to each pharmacy school registered with the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP). The survey addressed the following concepts within SRFCs: pharmacy student roles, precepting and school of pharmacy involvement, interprofessional experience, leadership positions held by pharmacy students, and dissemination of feedback in this service-learning experience...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246733/individualizing-urinary-incontinence-treatment-research-needs-identified-at-a-national-institute-of-diabetes-and-digestive-and-kidney-diseases-workshop
#16
Jenna M Norton, Catherine S Bradley, Sonya S Brady, Linda Brubaker, Daniel Gossett, Jeffrey P Henderson, Donna Mazloomdoost, Carol M Musil, Eric Rovner, Tamara Bavendam
Despite intensive work in the field, urinary incontinence (UI) treatment is characterized by unintended side effects, uncertain durability, high risk of complications, and inconsistent outcomes. Therapy is generally directed toward underlying anatomic and physiologic causes, with little attention to important cognitive, psychosocial and behavioral aspects of UI. Recognition that the variability in UI treatment success is likely driven at least in part by individual variability-combined with a demonstrated need for better outcomes for patients with UI; a torrent of technical advances involving -omic, mobile health, and data science technologies; and growth of intra- and transdisciplinary research-has made the development of a science base to enable better targeting of UI treatments based on individual patient characteristics both interesting and feasible...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246236/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-two-incentive-based-implementation-strategies-for-mental-health-therapists-implementing-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-pilot-study-to-inform-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Rinad S Beidas, Emily M Becker-Haimes, Danielle R Adams, Laura Skriner, Rebecca E Stewart, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Alison M Buttenheim, Nathaniel J Williams, Patricia Inacker, Elizabeth Richey, Steven C Marcus
BACKGROUND: Informed by our prior work indicating that therapists do not feel recognized or rewarded for implementation of evidence-based practices, we tested the feasibility and acceptability of two incentive-based implementation strategies that seek to improve therapist adherence to cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth, an evidence-based practice. METHODS: This study was conducted over 6 weeks in two community mental health agencies with therapists (n = 11) and leaders (n = 4)...
December 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238170/adherence-to-treatment-and-evaluation-of-disease-and-therapy-knowledge-in-lebanese-hypertensive-patients
#18
Hanine Abbas, Mazen Kurdi, Myriam Watfa, Rita Karam
Background: Adherence to treatment, healthy lifestyle, physical activities, smoking, diet, and salt intake are important factors to control for an effective decrease in blood pressure (BP) values for patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (HT). The aim of this work was to study the adherence to antihypertensive treatment and factors predicting this behavior in Lebanese patients. In addition, we evaluated the extent of patient's knowledge and perceptions about HT, risk factors, and medication side effects...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234651/dorsal-capsulodesis-associated-with-arthoscopy-assisted-scapholunate-ligament-reconstruction-using-a-palmaris-longus-tendon-graft
#19
Victor Bignatto Carvalho, Carlos Henrique Vieira Ferreira, Andresa Ramires Hoshino, Viviane Alves Bernardo, Gustavo Mantovani Ruggiero, Márcio Aurélio Aita
Objectives: To measure the quality of life, the time to work return, and clinical, functional, and radiographic parameters of patients treated with dorsal capsulodesis associated with scapholunate (SL) reconstruction, assisted by arthroscopy. Methods: From January 2015 to September 2016, 14 adult patients with SL dissociation underwent surgical treatment with the SL reconstruction procedure assisted by arthroscopy, using the new technique proposed in this study...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228834/quality-of-life-and-its-related-factors-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Ling-Yi Lin, Pai-Chuan Huang
PURPOSE: Improved quality of life is an important outcome for adults with autism spectrum disorder. However, little research has examined factors associated with quality of life among adults with autism spectrum disorder. METHOD: This study comparing 66 adults with autism spectrum disorder (intelligence quotient > 70) aged 20-38 years with neuro-typical adults investigated their quality of life and related factors. All the participants were interviewed with questionnaires by a registered occupational therapist...
December 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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