keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peritoneal access

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761387/isolation-and-identification-of-murine-serous-cavity-macrophages
#1
Calum C Bain, Stephen J Jenkins
Accessibility and ease of leukocyte extraction led to the peritoneal cavity becoming one of the most commonly used sites to obtain primary macrophages for in vitro analyses and to model inflammation. However, the advent of multiparameter flow cytometry has highlighted the complexity of the mononuclear phagocyte compartment of the serous cavities, which contains multiple populations of macrophages, dendritic cells, and monocytes that coexist with other leukocytes. Given that serous cavity macrophages are known to contribute to both the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and the generation and resolution of inflammation, a thorough understanding of the cells that comprise the peritoneal macrophage compartment, how to identify them from related mononuclear phagocytes, and the processes required to isolate them for ex vivo and in vitro analysis is important if we are to fully understand their function in different tissue contexts...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728316/cognitive-impairment-in-non-dialysis-dependent-ckd-and-the-transition-to-dialysis-findings-from-the-chronic-renal-insufficiency-cohort-cric-study
#2
Meera N Harhay, Dawei Xie, Xiaoming Zhang, Chi-Yuan Hsu, Eric Vittinghoff, Alan S Go, Stephen M Sozio, Jacob Blumenthal, Stephen Seliger, Jing Chen, Rajat Deo, Mirela Dobre, Sanjeev Akkina, Peter P Reese, James P Lash, Kristine Yaffe, Manjula Kurella Tamura
BACKGROUND: Advanced chronic kidney disease is associated with elevated risk for cognitive impairment. However, it is not known whether and how cognitive impairment is associated with planning and preparation for end-stage renal disease. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 630 adults participating in the CRIC (Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort) Study who had cognitive assessments in late-stage CKD, defined as estimated glome-rular filtration rate ≤ 20mL/min/1...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720505/teaching-pediatric-peritoneal-dialysis-globally-through-virtual-simulation
#3
Aleksandra E Olszewski, Dennis A Daniel, Deborah R Stein, Mignon I McCulloch, Sharon W Su, Daniel L Hames, Traci A Wolbrink
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the increasing prevalence of childhood kidney disease worldwide, there is a shortage of clinicians trained to provide peritoneal dialysis (PD). E-learning technologies may provide a solution to improve knowledge in PD. We describe the development of a virtual PD simulator and report the first 22 months of online usage. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The PD simulator was developed and released on OPENPediatrics in January of 2016...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706252/gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-in-kidney-disease-comprehensive-review-and-clinical-practice-guideline-issued-by-the-canadian-association-of-radiologists
#4
REVIEW
Nicola Schieda, Jason I Blaichman, Andreu F Costa, Rafael Glikstein, Casey Hurrell, Matthew James, Pejman Jabehdar Maralani, Wael Shabana, An Tang, Anne Tsampalieros, Christian van der Pol, Swapnil Hiremath
Use of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in renal impairment is controversial, with physician and patient apprehension in acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and dialysis because of concerns regarding nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). The position that GBCAs are absolutely contraindicated in AKI, CKD stage 4 or 5 (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) and dialysis-dependent patients is outdated, and may limit access to clinically necessary contrast-enhanced MRI examinations...
May 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705734/treatment-of-end-stage-renal-disease-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-in-rural-guatemala
#5
Jillian Moore, Pablo Garcia, Peter Rohloff, David Flood
A 42-year-old indigenous Maya man presented to a non-profit clinic in rural Guatemala with signs, symptoms and laboratory values consistent with uncontrolled diabetes. Despite appropriate treatment, approximately 18 months after presentation, he was found to have irreversible end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of uncertain aetiology. He was referred to the national public nephrology clinic and subsequently initiated home-based continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. With primary care provided by the non-profit clinic, his clinical status improved on dialysis, but socioeconomic and psychological challenges persisted for the patient and his family...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703177/functional-status-pre-dialysis-health-and-clinical-outcomes-among-elderly-dialysis-patients
#6
Silvi Shah, Anthony C Leonard, Charuhas V Thakar
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients comprise the fastest growing population initiating dialysis in United States. The impact of poor functional status and pre-dialysis health status on clinical outcomes in elderly dialysis patients is not well studied. METHODS: We studied a retrospective cohort of 49,645 incident end stage renal disease patients that initiated dialysis between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2008 from the United States Renal Data System with linked Medicare data covering at least 2 years prior to dialysis initiation...
April 27, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684369/alpha-fetoprotein-in-pericardial-peritoneal-and-pleural-fluids-a-body-fluid-matrix-evaluation
#7
William E Owen, Joshua J H Hunsaker, Jonathan R Genzen
OBJECTIVES: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) measurement in pericardial, peritoneal (ascites), and pleural fluids is sometimes requested by clinicians as supportive evidence in the evaluation of suspected malignancy. As commercially available, Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-cleared AFP assays are not validated for these fluid types, laboratories must complete additional validation studies to comply with regulatory requirements for body fluid testing. The objective of this study was therefore to conduct a matrix evaluation for these body fluid types using the Beckman Access AFP assay on the UniCel DxI 800 immunoassay system...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644070/intravenous-drug-users-who-require-dialysis-causes-of-renal-failure-and-outcomes
#8
Jemima K Scott, Dominic M Taylor, Chris R K Dudley
Background: Intravenous drug use is associated with progressive kidney disease of several aetiologies. It is associated with behavioural and lifestyle characteristics that make the provision of renal replacement therapies (RRTs) challenging. We observed that patients who use intravenous drugs [people who inject drugs (PWID)] present late to renal services and struggle to engage with treatment. We describe the experience of a UK centre providing renal services to a mixed city and rural population...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616470/peritoneal-dialysis-as-initial-dialysis-modality-a-viable-option-for-late-presenting-end-stage-renal-disease
#9
REVIEW
Muhammad Masoom Javaid, Behram Ali Khan, Srinivas Subramanian
Late-presenting end-stage renal disease is a significant problem worldwide. Up to 70% of patients start dialysis in an unplanned manner without a definitive dialysis access in place. Haemodialysis via a central venous catheter is the default modality for the majority of such patients, and peritoneal dialysis is usually not considered as a feasible option. However, in the recent years, some reports on urgent-start peritoneal dialysis in the late-presenting end-stage renal disease have been published. The collective experience shows that PD can be a safe, efficient and cost-effective alternative to haemodialysis in late-presenting end-stage renal disease with comparable outcomes to the conventional peritoneal dialysis and urgent-start haemodialysis...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607270/risks-of-colon-injuries-in-extreme-lateral-approaches-to-the-lumbar-spine-an-anatomical-study
#10
Emre Yilmaz, Joe Iwanaga, Marc Moisi, Ronen Blecher, Amir Abdul-Jabbar, Tamir Tawfik, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Introduction
 The extreme lateral interbody fusion technique (XLIF) is a modification of the retroperitoneal approach to the lumbar spine. This is a minimally invasive technique allowing direct access to the disc space without peritoneal or posterior paraspinal musculature damage. Nevertheless, the retroperitoneal part of the colon can be injured in this operative technique. To our knowledge, a study analyzing the anatomical considerations of the extreme lateral interbody fusion technique with regards to potential colon injuries has not been previously performed...
January 29, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597214/evolution-of-technology-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-forty-years-of-improvement
#11
Claudio Ronco
Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) was proposed in 1977 as an alternative treatment for acute renal failure in patients in whom peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis was clinically or technically precluded. In the mid-1980s, this technique was extended to infants and children. CAVH presented important advantages in the areas of hemodynamic stability, control of circulating volume, and nutritional support. However, there were serious shortcomings such as the need for arterial cannulation and limited solute clearance...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29591533/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-insertion-surgery-and-management
#12
Kazunari Yoshida, Daisuke Ishii
Peritoneal access surgery is the first step to achieve successful peritoneal dialysis. It is important to perform easy, safe, and less invasive surgery of peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion. Secure peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion will lead to less infection, that is, exit site, tunnel infection, and peritonitis, which sometimes result in peritoneal dialysis discontinuation. To avoid these undesirable results, we should perform good and proper peritoneal dialysis insertion surgery. In this article, we describe peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion surgery and its management...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563275/united-kingdom-catheter-study-protocol-synopsis
#13
Victoria Briggs, Ivonne Solis-Trapala, Allan Wailloo, Keith McCulloch, Mark Lambie, Fergus Caskey, James Fotheringham, Simon Davies, Martin Wilkie
BACKGROUND: High-quality peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter insertion pathways are essential for optimal access to the therapy. Dialysis outcomes are influenced by a range of patient and center-related factors, and there is a need to better understand these so that catheter insertion pathways can be better matched to individual circumstances. OBJECTIVES: To examine how patient- and center-related factors influence the choice of catheter insertion pathways for a PD patient, and the impact of such factors and pathways on patient outcomes, and specifically, to compare the occurrence of and recovery from PD catheter-related adverse events and mortality in individuals who had surgical catheter insertion with those who had medical catheter insertion, and evaluate health economics...
March 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562641/estimating-the-burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-uruguay
#14
Marina Macedo-Viñas, David W Denning
We aimed to estimate for the first time the burden of fungal infections in Uruguay. Data on population characteristics and underlying conditions were extracted from the National Statistics Institute, the World Bank, national registries, and published articles. When no data existed, risk populations were used to estimate frequencies extrapolating from the literature. Population structure (inhabitants): total 3,444,006; 73% adults; 35% women younger than 50 years. Size of populations at risk (total cases per year): HIV infected 12,000; acute myeloid leukemia 126; hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 30; solid organ transplants 134; COPD 272,006; asthma in adults 223,431; cystic fibrosis in adults 48; tuberculosis 613; lung cancer 1400...
March 18, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561282/risk-factors-for-peritoneal-recurrence-in-stage-ii-to-iii-colon-cancer
#15
Shuhei Mayanagi, Kosuke Kashiwabara, Michitaka Honda, Koji Oba, Toru Aoyama, Mitsuro Kanda, Hiromichi Maeda, Chikuma Hamada, Sotaro Sadahiro, Junichi Sakamoto, Shigetoyo Saji, Takaki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Most previous reports to analyze risk factors for peritoneal recurrence in patients with colon cancer have been observational studies of a population-based cohort. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the risk factors for peritoneal recurrence in patients with stage II to III colon cancer who underwent curative resection. DESIGN: This was a pooled analysis using a combined database obtained from 3 large phase III randomized trials (N = 3714)...
March 20, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510919/improving-incident-esrd-care-via-a-transitional-care-unit
#16
Brendan Bowman, Sijie Zheng, Alex Yang, Brigitte Schiller, José A Morfín, Melvin Seek, Robert S Lockridge
Dialysis care in the United States continues to move toward an emphasis on continuous quality improvement and performance benchmarking. Government- and industry-sponsored programs have evolved to assess and incentivize outcomes for many components of end-stage renal disease care. One aspect that remains largely unaddressed at a systemic level is the high-risk transition period from chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury to permanent dialysis dependence. Incident dialysis patients experience disproportionately high mortality and hospitalization rates coupled with high costs...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458366/inequity-in-dialysis-related-practices-and-outcomes-in-aotearoa-new-zealand-a-kaupapa-m%C3%A4-ori-analysis
#17
Tania Huria, Suetonia Palmer, Lutz Beckert, Jonathan Williman, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: In Aotearoa/New Zealand, Māori, as the indigenous people, experience chronic kidney disease at three times the rate of non-Māori, non-Pacific New Zealanders. Māori commence dialysis treatment for end-stage kidney disease at three times the rate of New Zealand European adults. To examine for evidence of inequity in dialysis-related incidence, treatment practices, and survival according to indigeneity in Aotearoa/New Zealand, utilising a Kaupapa Māori approach. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving adults who commenced treatment for end-stage kidney disease in Aotearoa/New Zealand between 2002 and 2011...
February 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444477/the-microbiome-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis
#18
REVIEW
Liliana Simões-Silva, Ricardo Araujo, Manuel Pestana, Isabel Soares-Silva, Benedita Sampaio-Maia
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an imbalanced human microbiome due not only to CKD-associated factors such as uremia, increased inflammation and immunosuppression, but also to pharmacological therapies and dietary restrictions. End-stage renal disease patients require renal replacement therapies commonly in the form of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). HD implies the existence of a vascular access, such as an arteriovenous fistula/graft or a venous catheter, whereas PD implies a long-term peritoneal catheter and the constant inflow of peritoneal dialysate...
April 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429947/hospital-readmission-rates-and-risk-factors-for-readmission-following-cytoreductive-surgery-crs-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-for-peritoneal-surface-malignancies
#19
Yael Dreznik, Aviad Hoffman, Tamar Hamburger, Almog Ben-Yaacov, Yossi Dux, Harel Jacoby, Yaniv Berger, Aviram Nissan, Mordechai Gutman
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and Hyperthermic intra-peritoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) for peritoneal surface malignancies is associated with high morbidity. The increased numbers of patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC in recent years mandates risk analysis and quality assurance. However, only scarce data exist regarding causative parameters for readmission. The aim of this study was to assess readmission rates and risk factors associated with readmission. METHODS: A retrospective-cohort study including patients from two high-volume centers who underwent CRS/HIPEC surgery between the years 2007-2016 was performed...
February 8, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411293/port-insertion-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-report-of-practices-in-the-irish-republic
#20
Cuan M Harrington, Dara O Kavanagh, Sean Tierney, Richard Deane, Dermot Hehir
BACKGROUND: With rapidly evolving surgical technologies, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has become the mainstay approach for many surgeons worldwide. As laparoscopic surgery was introduced in Ireland over two decades ago, we may be encountering a higher prevalence of related complications. AIMS: This study aimed to gather data pertaining to risk factors for port-site herniation in MIS. METHODS: A 14-point anonymous questionnaire was distributed electronically between January and May 2017 to consultant and trainee laparoscopists in the Republic of Ireland...
February 6, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
keyword
keyword
31446
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"