keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peritoneal access

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333841/audit-of-ca125-follow-up-after-first-line-therapy-for-ovarian-cancer
#1
Daniel Krell, Fran Said Battistino, Sarah Benafif, Lochani Ganegoda, Marcia Hall, Gordon J S Rustin
AIMS: The Medical Research Council OVO5/EORTC 55955 trial showed that patients in remission after first-line therapy for ovarian cancer did not benefit from routine measurement of CA125 during follow-up. Since the presentation of these results, we have counseled patients about the options for follow-up and provided them with an information leaflet about the trial results and the symptoms that should prompt an early appointment and CA125 measurement. We present an audit of practice after the presentation of those results...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331493/feasibility-and-safety-of-pressurized-intraperitoneal-aerosol-chemotherapy-for-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Martin Hübner, Hugo Teixeira Farinha, Fabian Grass, Anita Wolfer, Patrice Mathevet, Dieter Hahnloser, Nicolas Demartines
Background. Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) has been introduced as a novel repeatable treatment for peritoneal carcinomatosis. The available evidence from the pioneer center suggests good tolerance and high response rates, but independent confirmation is needed. A single-center cohort was analyzed one year after implementation for feasibility and safety. Methods. PIPAC was started in January 2015, and every patient was entered into a prospective database. This retrospective analysis included all consecutive patients operated until April 2016 with emphasis on surgical feasibility and early postoperative outcomes...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317806/mycobacterium-lepraemurium-uses-tlr-6-and-mr-but-not-lipid-rafts-or-dc-sign-to-gain-access-into-mouse-macrophages
#3
Mayra Silva-Miranda, Patricia Arce-Paredes, Oscar Rojas-Espinosa
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium lepraemurium (MLM), the etiologic agent of murine leprosy, is an intracellular parasite of macrophages; the mechanism used by this bacterium to enter macrophages is not known. The fate of the MLM phagosome inside macrophages is also unknown. This study was conducted to investigate how MLM enters macrophages and to define the maturation process of MLM phagosome inside macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peritoneal macrophages were incubated in the presence of mannan-bovine serum albumin (BSA), and antibodies to known macrophage receptors, including, anti-FcγRIII/RII (anti-CD16/32), anti-CD35 (anti-CR1), anti-TLR2, anti-TLR4, anti-TLR6, anti-CD14, and anti-dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN)...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297057/dialysis-access-issues-related-to-conversion-from-peritoneal-dialysis-to-hemodialysis-and-vice-versa
#4
Maurizio Gallieni, Antonino Giordano, Anna Ricchiuto, Davide Gobatti, Maurizio Cariati
ABSTRACTHemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) represent two complementary modalities of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease patients. Conversion between the two modalities is frequent and more likely to happen from PD to HD. Every year, 10% of PD patients convert to HD, suggesting the need for recommendations on how to proceed with the creation of a vascular access in these patients. Criteria for selecting patients who would likely fail PD, and therefore take advantage of a backup access, are undefined...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288057/mesorectal-excision-with-or-without-lateral-lymph-node-dissection-for-clinical-stage-ii-iii-lower-rectal-cancer-jcog0212-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-noninferiority-trial
#5
Shin Fujita, Junki Mizusawa, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Masaaki Ito, Yusuke Kinugasa, Koji Komori, Masayuki Ohue, Mitsuyoshi Ota, Yoshihiro Akazai, Manabu Shiozawa, Takashi Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki Bandou, Kenji Katsumata, Kohei Murata, Yoshihito Akagi, Nobuhiro Takiguchi, Yoshihisa Saida, Kenichi Nakamura, Haruhiko Fukuda, Takayuki Akasu, Yoshihiro Moriya
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to confirm the noninferiority of mesorectal excision (ME) alone to ME with lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) in terms of efficacy. BACKGROUND: Lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis is occasionally found in clinical stage II or III lower rectal cancer, and ME with LLND is the standard procedure in Japan. ME alone, however, is the international standard surgical procedure for rectal cancer. METHODS: Eligibility criteria included histologically proven rectal cancer at clinical stage II/III; main lesion located in the rectum, with the lower margin below the peritoneal reflection; no lateral pelvic lymph node enlargement; Peformance Status of 0 or 1; and age 20 to 75 years...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284824/-report-on-chronic-dialysis-in-france-in-2016
#6
Société Francophone de Néphrologie Dialyse Et Transplantation
The report on dialysis in France in 2016 from the French Speaking Society of Nephrology Dialysis and Transplantation (SFNDT) provides an exhaustive and documented inventory on dialysis in France. It underlines the organizations that are important in 2016 to maintain a high quality dialysis. Several measures are proposed to maintain and improve the care of dialysis in France: (1) The regulation of dialysis treatment in France must be maintained; (2) a burden of care indicator is proposed to ensure that patients requiring the most care are treated in the centers...
March 8, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279412/image-guided-approach-to-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-placement
#7
Igor Latich, Randy L Luciano, Ali Mian
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a vastly underused form of renal replacement therapy that offers great flexibility to the patient, breaks the cycle of tri-weekly visits to a hemodialysis center, and is associated with fewer interventions to maintain functional dialysis access. PD catheter placement allows for urgent initiation of dialysis and minimizes the unnecessary use of temporary vascular access catheters. Image-guided placement of a PD catheter by interventional radiologists that combines ultrasound and fluoroscopy is an elegant, cost saving, safe, less invasive, and at least as effective an option when compared with traditional surgical placement...
March 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279411/dialysis-catheter-placement-in-patients-with-exhausted-access
#8
Syed Rahman, Joshua D Kuban
Patients with end-stage renal disease undergo renal transplant, peritoneal dialysis, or intermittent hemodialysis for renal replacement therapy. For hemodialysis, native fistulas or grafts are preferred but hemodialysis catheters are often necessary. Per KDOQI, the right jugular vein is the preferred vessel of access for these catheters. However, in patients with long-standing end-stage renal disease vein thrombosis, stenosis and occlusion occurs. In these patients with end-stage vascular access, unconventional routes of placement of dialysis catheters are needed...
March 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247669/-laparoscopic-living-donor-nephrectomy-for-kidney-transplantation
#9
A A Sokolov, A G Martov
Globally, the number of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has been steadily increasing every year. These patients need renal replacement therapy which includes peritoneal dialysis, programmed hemodialysis and kidney transplantation, which is the ultimate form of replacement. Living donor kidney transplantation has significant advantages over cadaveric kidney transplantation regarding the long-term functional results of renal transplant and the survival of recipients. Open nephrectomy, previously used to retrieve a healthy kidney from a donor is associated with traumatic access and a long recovery period of the donor...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240802/impact-of-pay-for-performance-on-access-at-first-dialysis-in-queensland
#10
Jennie Haarsager, Rathika Krishnasamy, Nicholas A Gray
AIM: Commencement of haemodialysis with an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or arteriovenous graft (AVG) is associated with improved survival compared with commencement with a central venous catheter. In 2011-12, Queensland Health made incentive payments to renal units for early referred patients who commenced peritoneal dialysis (PD), or haemodialysis with an AVF/AVG. The aim of this study was to determine if pay-for-performance improved clinical care. METHODS: All patients who commenced dialysis in Australia between 2009 and 2014 and were registered with the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA) were included...
February 27, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238919/characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-surgically-treated-arteriovenous-fistula-aneurysm-in-patients-on-regular-hemodialysis
#11
Hassan Al-Thani, Ayman El-Menyar, Noora Al-Thani, Mohammad Asim, Ahmed Hussein, Ahmed Sadek, Ahmed Sharaf, Amr Fares
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical characteristics, surgical interventions and outcomes of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) aneurysms, we retrospectively analyzed patients on regular hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of all patients with HD access who presented with AVF aneurysms and underwent operative procedures over a 11-year period. Patients' demographics, comorbidities, vascular access characteristics, management of aneurysms, complications and outcomes were analyzed...
February 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213931/successful-resumption-of-peritoneal-dialysis-following-living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-children-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#12
Hiroyuki Kanazawa, Akinari Fukuda, Mai Sato, Shingo Ishimori, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Takanobu Shigeta, Vidyadhar Padmakar Mali, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kenji Ishikura, Mureo Kasahara
Children with ESRD in need of RRT are commonly managed by PD due to difficulty with vascular access for HD and the relatively large extracorporeal blood volume required. Major abdominal surgery may result in injury to the peritoneum and consequent adhesion, thereby resulting in a reduction in the anatomical capacity and transport capability across the peritoneal membrane. Here, we report successful resumption of PD after LDLT in two pediatric patients. The causes of ESRD were PH1 and juvenile nephronophthisis, respectively...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168410/entry-into-the-peritoneal-cavity-in-posthysterectomy-prolapse-an-educational-video
#13
C Emi Bretschneider, Karl Jallad, Patrick M Lang, Mickey M Karram, Mark D Walters
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Entry into the peritoneal cavity can be challenging in patients with posthysterectomy prolapse; however, it is important for vaginal surgeons to be able to enter the peritoneal cavity using various techniques to perform an intraperitoneal vaginal vault suspension. METHODS: We present surgical footage of various methods of accessing the peritoneal cavity in posthysterectomy prolapse using posterior, anterior and apical approaches. RESULTS: This video highlights surgical techniques that can be used to enter the peritoneal cavity in posthysterectomy prolapse in a safe and reliable manner...
February 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158991/peritonitis-outcomes-in-patients-with-hiv-and-end-stage-renal-failure-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Kwazi C Z Ndlovu, Wilbert Sibanda, Alain Assounga
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated end-stage renal failure particularly in low-resource settings with limited access to renal replacement therapy. We aimed to evaluate the effects of HIV infection on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)-associated peritonitis outcomes and technique failure in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-treated HIV-positive CAPD populations. METHODS: We conducted a single-center prospective cohort study of consecutive incident CAPD patients recruited from two hospitals in Durban, South Africa from September 2012-February 2015...
February 3, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157643/ratios-of-biochemical-markers-in-peritoneal-fluid-to-those-in-venous-blood-for-the-diagnosis-of-ruptured-tubal-pregnancy-a-prospective-study
#15
Xiao-Lu Zhu, Zhuo-Wei Xue, Yan-Li Xu, Juan Wang, Zhi-Hong Ai, Yin-Cheng Teng
OBJECTIVES: Ectopic pregnancies are among the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in both developed and emerging nations, but tests for early, accurate, and convenient detection are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: Between January 2013 and February 2015, 504 women with tubal pregnancy were prospectively recruited, and their clinical characteristics were recorded. Samples of peritoneal fluid were collected by culdocentesis, and venous blood was drawn from the antecubital vein...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153192/current-challenges-and-opportunities-in-pd
#16
REVIEW
Philip Kam-Tao Li, Vickie Wai-Ki Kwong
Despite the gradual increased use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) globally around the world, it is recognized that a number of areas in PD as a renal-replacement therapy require attention and improvements. The current challenges in PD include how to tackle technique failure and sustain long-term PD, manage and prevent peritoneal infections, malnutrition and inflammation, cardiovascular mortality, volume overload, glucose exposure, adequacy of solute removal, peritoneal access, peritoneal physiology and changes with long-term PD, patient fatigue, psychosocial issues, and care of elderly patients on PD...
January 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153191/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-insertion
#17
REVIEW
John H Crabtree, Kai-Ming Chow
The success of peritoneal dialysis as renal-replacement therapy depends on a well-functioning peritoneal catheter. Knowledge of best practices in catheter insertion can minimize the risk of catheter complications that lead to peritoneal dialysis failure. The catheter placement procedure begins with preoperative assessment of the patient to determine the most appropriate catheter type, insertion site, and exit site location. Preoperative preparation of the patient is an instrumental step in facilitating the performance of the procedure, avoiding untoward events, and promoting the desired outcome...
January 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150214/exploiting-uptake-of-nanoparticles-by-phagocytes-for-cancer-treatment
#18
Mee Rie Sheen, Steven Fiering
Many cancers including ovarian, pancreatic, colon, liver, and stomach cancers are largely confined to the peritoneal cavity. Peritoneal tumors are directly accessible by intraperitoneal injections. Previously we demonstrated that intraperitoneal injection of nanoparticles and subsequent ingestion by tumor-associated phagocytes can be used to either directly impact tumors or stimulate antitumor immune responses. Here we outline methods to specifically utilize iron oxide nanoparticles with the ID8-Defb29/Vegf-A murine ovarian cancer model and discuss the tendency of phagocytes to ingest nanoparticles and the potential of phagocytes to carry nanoparticles to tumors resulting in direct killing of tumor cells or stimulate antitumor immune responses in peritoneal cancers...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144977/changing-landscape-for-peritoneal-dialysis-optimizing-utilization
#19
Martin J Schreiber
The future growth of peritoneal dialysis (PD) will be directly linked to the shift in US healthcare to a value-based payment model due to PD's lower yearly cost, early survival advantage over in-center hemodialysis, and improved quality of life for patients treating their kidney disease in the home. Under this model, nephrology practices will need an increased focus on managing the transition from chronic kidney disease to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), providing patient education with the aim of accomplishing modality selection and access placement ahead of dialysis initiation...
February 1, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141682/can-ultrasound-with-contrast-enhancement-replace-nonenhanced-computed-tomography-scans-in-patients-with-contraindication-to-computed-tomography-contrast-agents
#20
Summit Sawhney, Stephanie R Wilson
PURPOSE: Our purpose is to determine the efficacy of ultrasound (US), with the addition of contrast enhancement (CEUS), in the identification and characterization of abdominal pathology compared with nonenhanced computed tomography (CT) scan (NECT). METHODS: This prospective cohort study recruited 197 patients with NECT, the majority with renal failure, to have US, with addition of CEUS, if focal pathology was detected, occurring in 145 patients. Nonenhanced CT scan, US, and CEUS images/video files were presented to 2 blinded readers, in anonymous order...
January 30, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
keyword
keyword
31446
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"