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Trauma in elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138075/the-optimal-treatment-options-of-septated-chronic-subdural-haematoma-a-retrospective-comparison-of-craniotomy-versus-endoscopic-assisted-burr-hole-craniostomy
#1
Jibo Zhang, Xingyue Fan, Xuemeng Liu, Jincao Chen, Wei Wang, Kai Fu
OBJECTIVE: To complete a retrospective comparison of endoscope-assisted burr-hole craniostomy (EBHC) and craniotomy in the treatment of septated chronic subdural hematoma (SCSH). METHODS: A retrospective case note review comparing EBHC and craniotomy of SCSH was therefore performed. Data of patients with a SCSH for EBHC or craniotomy during the period from January 2011 to January 2017 were retrospectively collected and analysed. Of 70 patients, 43 underwent EBHC and 27 patients were treated by craniotomy...
November 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137197/effect-of-age-on-glasgow-coma-scale-in-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-an-approach-with-propensity-score-matched-population
#2
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Yi-Chun Chen, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Pao-Jen Kuo, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: The most widely used methods of describing traumatic brain injury (TBI) are the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). Recent evidence suggests that presenting GCS in older patients may be higher than that in younger patients for an equivalent anatomical severity of TBI. This study aimed to assess these observations with a propensity-score matching approach using the data from Trauma Registry System in a Level I trauma center. Methods: We included all adult patients (aged ≥20 years old) with moderate to severe TBI from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2016...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136256/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-inpatient-stroke-after-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly
#3
Andre M Samuel, Pablo J Diaz-Collado, Lauren K Szolomayer, Stephen J Nelson, Matthew L Webb, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Jonathan N Grauer
Although uncommon, stroke can be a catastrophic inpatient complication for patients with hip fractures. The current study determines the incidence of inpatient stroke after hip fractures in elderly patients, identifies risk factors associated with such strokes, and determines the association of stroke with short-term inpatient outcomes. A retrospective review of all patients aged 65 years or older with isolated hip fractures in the 2011 and 2012 National Trauma Data Bank was conducted. A total of 37,584 patients met inclusion criteria...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132579/the-tragically-hip-trauma-in-elderly-patients
#4
REVIEW
Katrin Hruska, Toralph Ruge
Old age is a risk factor for poor outcome in trauma patients, as a result of undertriage and the presence of occult life-threatening injuries. The mechanisms of injury for geriatric trauma differ from those in younger patients, with a much higher incidence of low-impact trauma, especially falls from a low height. Frailty is a risk factor for severe injury after minor trauma, and caring for these patients require a multidisciplinary team with both trauma and geriatric expertise. With early recognition and aggressive management, severe injuries can still be associated with good outcomes, even in very elderly patients...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128503/understanding-the-value-of-repeat-head%C3%A2-ct-in-elderly-trauma-patients-on-anticoagulant%C3%A2-or%C3%A2-antiplatelet-therapy
#5
Bennett Battle, Kevin W Sexton, Ryan T Fitzgerald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125861/identification-of-hospitalized-elderly-patients-at-risk-for-adverse-in-hospital-outcomes-in-a-university-orthopedics-and-trauma-surgery-environment
#6
Janine Gronewold, Christian Dahlmann, Marcus Jäger, Dirk M Hermann
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of demographic changes, hospitals are confronted with increasing numbers of elderly patients, who are at high risk of adverse events during hospitalization. Geriatric risk screening followed by comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and treatment has been requested by geriatric societies and task forces to identify patients at risk. Since empirical evidence on factors predisposing to adverse hospital events is scarce, we now prospectively evaluated implications of geriatric risk screening followed by CGA in a university hospital department of orthopedics and trauma surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125120/canal-to-diaphysis-ratio-as-a-risk-factor-for-hip-fractures-and-hip-fracture-pattern
#7
Prasad Ellanti, Kunal Mohan, Andrew Moriarity, Niall Hogan, Tom McCarthy
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis and related fractures constitute a significant burden on modern healthcare. The standard method of diagnosing osteoporosis with a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan is limited by accessibility and expense. The thickness of the cortex of the proximal femur on plain radiographs has been suggested to be a method for indicating osteoporosis and as a risk factor of hip fractures in the elderly. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the usefulness of the canal-diaphysis ratio (CDR) as a risk factor for developing a hip fracture, excluding patients presenting under 50 years old, following high-energy trauma or pathological fractures...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114698/efficacy-of-emergency-laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-treating-complicated-appendicitis-for-elderly-patients
#8
Tian-Chong Wu, Qiao Lu, Zhi-Yong Huang, Xio-Hui Liang
To assess the therapeutic effects of emergency laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) in treating complicated appendicitis (CA) for elderly patients (defined as age 65 years and above). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 115 elderly patients with CA who underwent surgical therapy in the Affiliated Huizhou Hospital of Sun Yat-Sun University, Huizhou, Guangdong Province, China between September 2014 and August 2016. Of these, 59 patients consented to open appendectomy (OA), and LA was performed in the other 56 patients...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108856/etiology-of-pediatric-acquired-blepharoptosis
#9
Sulakshan Rasiah, Thomas G Hardy, James E Elder, Cheng Yi Ng, Alan McNab
PURPOSE: To describe the etiology of acquired pediatric blepharoptosis in a large clinical series and to elucidate the causes of the disease. METHODS: The medical records of all patients presenting with acquired blepharoptosis at two specialist ocular plastics practices and a pediatric ophthalmology practice during a period of up to 25 years were reviewed retrospectively and classified according to their diagnosis. Patients were grouped into children (<18 years), younger adults (18-40 years), and older adults (>40 years)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100833/isolated-orbital-fractures-are-severe-among-geriatric-patients
#10
Miika Toivari, Anna Liisa Suominen, Satu Apajalahti, Christian Lindqvist, Johanna Snäll, Hanna Thorén
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to clarify the reasons for, types of, and degree of involvement of the orbital wall and the severity of orbital fractures in geriatric patients and to compare the differences between geriatric and younger adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of geriatric patients aged at least 65 years (n = 72) and younger controls aged 20 to 50 years (n = 58) with a diagnosis of a unilateral isolated orbital fracture was designed and implemented...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100831/treatment-of-posterior-dislocation-of-the-mandibular-condyle-with-the-double-mitek-mini-anchor-technique-a-case-report
#11
Jonathan B Albilia, Hillary Weisleder, Larry M Wolford
Posterior dislocation of the mandibular condyle is a rare disorder caused by trauma to the chin accompanied by damage to the external auditory canal. Treatment of posterior condylar dislocation (PCD) is directed at repositioning the condyle into the glenoid fossa, preventing recurrent dislocations, and maintaining patency of the ear canal. With early intervention, closed reduction with manual manipulation is successful but could be ineffective for chronic protracted PCD. This case report describes an elderly patient with a chronic protracted PCD resulting from a blow to the chin and in which manual reduction was unsuccessful...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098354/-total-elbow-arthroplasty-in-traumatic-and-post-traumatic-bone-defects
#12
REVIEW
M Hackl, L P Müller, T Leschinger, K Wegmann
Total elbow arthroplasty is currently most commonly carried out due to acute trauma or post-traumatic conditions. Bone defects are often present and must be considered in the (pre-)operative workup. The use of semi-constrained prostheses with a systematic cementing technique through a triceps-on approach leads to satisfying clinical results, however, the outcome is worse when compared with rheumatic patients.Primary total elbow arthroplasty for complex distal humerus fractures in the elderly patient or secondary implantation following failed conservative treatment or osteosynthesis represent possible indications for (post‑)traumatic joint replacement...
November 2, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088951/update-on-critical-care-for-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-setting-of-polytrauma
#13
John K Yue, Ethan A Winkler, Jonathan W Rick, Hansen Deng, Carlene P Partow, Pavan S Upadhyayula, Harjus S Birk, Andrew K Chan, Sanjay S Dhall
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) often occurs in patients with concurrent traumatic injuries in other body systems. These patients with polytrauma pose unique challenges to clinicians. The current review evaluates existing guidelines and updates the evidence for prehospital transport, immobilization, initial resuscitation, critical care, hemodynamic stability, diagnostic imaging, surgical techniques, and timing appropriate for the patient with SCI who has multisystem trauma. Initial management should be systematic, with focus on spinal immobilization, timely transport, and optimizing perfusion to the spinal cord...
November 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082055/quadriceps-tendon-rupture-in-an-adolescent-athlete
#14
William A Zuke, Beatrice Go, Alexander E Weber, Brian Forsythe
Quadriceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury that usually occurs in middle-aged and elderly men with a history of chronic illnesses. We report the case of a 17-year-old healthy adolescent male baseball player who sustained this injury as a result of sudden deceleration in his left knee. He initially reported to the emergency department and then presented to our practice, where he was diagnosed with a quadriceps tendon tear. Preoperatively, he was unable to perform a single straight-leg raise. During surgical repair, the free edge of the quadriceps tendon was mobilized and anchored into the superior pole of the patella, followed by sutures to ensure reinforcement of the quadriceps footprint...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081491/deep-vein-thrombosis-complicated-by-spontaneous-iliopsoas-hematoma-in-patient-with-septic-shock
#15
Muhammad Umer Butt, Lili A Buzsaki, Susan S Smyth, Samy-Claude Elayi
BACKGROUND Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage (SRH) is a rare and difficult-to-diagnose entity. It is not associated with trauma, pathology, or iatrogenic manipulations. Few cases have been reported, with the only precipitating factor recognized being bleeding diatheses such as anticoagulation states, inherited coagulopathies, and hemodialysis. However, none of these have been described in combination with septic shock, which itself is associated with platelet dysfunction, coagulation dysfunction, and vasculopathy...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078902/admission-of-elderly-blunt-thoracic-trauma-patients-directly-to-the-intensive-care-unit-improves-outcomes
#16
Owen J Pyke, Jerry A Rubano, James A Vosswinkel, Jane E McCormack, Emily C Huang, Randeep S Jawa
INTRODUCTION: Blunt thoracic trauma in the elderly has been associated with adverse outcomes. As an internal quality improvement initiative, direct intensive care unit (ICU) admission of nonmechanically ventilated elderly patients with clinically important thoracic trauma (primarily multiple rib fractures) was recommended. METHODS: A retrospective review of the trauma registry at a level 1 trauma center was performed for patients aged ≥65 y with blunt thoracic trauma, admitted between the 2 y before (2010-2012) and after (2013-2015) the recommendation...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074342/the-use-of-endoscopic-assisted-burr-hole-craniostomy-for-septated-chronic-subdural-haematoma-a-retrospective-cohort-comparison-study
#17
Jibo Zhang, Xuemeng Liu, Xingyue Fan, Kai Fu, Chengshi Xu, Qin Hu, Pucha Jiang, Jincao Chen, Wei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To complete a retrospective comparison of endoscope-assisted burr-hole craniostomy (EBHC) and ordinary burr-hole craniostomy (OBHC) in the treatment of septated chronic subdural hematoma (SCSH). METHODS: A retrospective case note review comparing EBHC and OBHC of SCSH was therefore performed. Data of patients with a SCSH for EBHC or OBHC during the period from January 2011 to December 2016 were retrospectively collected and analysed. Of 73 patients, 42 underwent EBHC and 31 patients were treated by OBHC...
October 23, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064542/elevated-leukocyte-count-as-a-harbinger-of-systemic-inflammation-disease-progression-and-poor-prognosis-a-review
#18
Piotr Paweł Chmielewski, Bartłomiej Strzelec
Total leukocyte count increases significantly in response to infection, trauma, inflammation, and certain diseases. Factors affecting leukocyte count in healthy adults include sex, hormonal milieu, genetic inheritance, stress level, diet, nutrition, and lifestyle (e.g. tobacco-induced inflammatory changes, chronic psychological stress, etc.). To date, numerous studies have reported that high but normal leukocyte counts at baseline predict increased cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality in older adults...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063224/predictors-and-time-based-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-isolated-and-polytrauma-brain-injuries
#19
Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Husham Abdelrahman, Rifat Latifi, Bianca M Wahlen, Hassan Al-Thani
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We studied the predictors and time-based mortality in patients with isolated and polytrauma brain injuries in a rapidly developing country. We hypothesized that TBI-related 30-day mortality is decreasing over time. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for all patients with moderate-to-severe TBI who were admitted directly to a level 1 trauma center between 2010 and 2014...
October 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054310/etiology-diagnosis-and-demographic-analysis-of-maxillofacial-trauma-in-elderly-persons-a-10-year-investigation
#20
Anna Paula da Rosa Possebon, Gabriela Granke, Fernanda Faot, Luciana de Rezende Pinto, Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite, Marcos Antonio Torriani
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate etiologies and diagnoses of maxillofacial trauma in emergency services in Brazil over a period of 10 years. Additionally, associations among sex, age, accident location, and dependent variables were analyzed. Understanding the epidemiology of trauma and the physiology of aging is important in maintaining health and bettering service for the elderly population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The primary mode of investigation was analysis of medical records from 2003 to 2013...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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