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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333812/markers-of-inflammation-and-tolerance-development-in-allergic-proctocolitis
#1
Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Ersin Durgun, Sait Karaman, Cahit Baris Erdur, Canan S Unsal Karkmer, Demet Can
BACKGROUND: Today, as a result of an increase in the frequency of food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP), there is a need for studies not only to enlighten the pathophysiology of the disease but also to determine simple, non-invasive markers in both diagnosis, and evaluation of the development of tolerance. No study has been found in the literature about the place of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV), which are easy to calculate and non-invasive markers...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332609/investigation-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-mean-platelet-volume-in-patients-with-tinnitus
#2
B Ulusoy, K Bozdemir, M Akyol, H I Mişe, A Kutluhan, M H Korkmaz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate patients with tinnitus in terms of mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width, and to explore neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, recently reported in the literature as being possible inflammation markers. METHODS: This study comprised 64 tinnitus patients and 64 age-matched healthy controls. Statistical significance level was accepted as p < 0.05. RESULTS: Mean platelet volume (t = 3...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331737/hematology-reference-intervals-for-neonatal-holstein-calves
#3
Nikolaos Panousis, Nektarios Siachos, Georgios Kitkas, Emmanouil Kalaitzakis, Maria Kritsepi-Konstantinou, Georgios E Valergakis
Data regarding hematologic reference intervals (RI) for neonatal calves have not been published yet. The aims of this study were: a) to establish hematology RIs for neonatal Holstein calves, b) to compare them with the RIs for lactating cows, and c) to investigate the relationship of age and gender with the hematologic profile of calves. Two-hundred and fifty-four clinically healthy Holstein calves (1-9days old, from 30 farms) and 82 healthy Holstein cows (between 30 and 150days in milk, from 10 farms) were blood sampled once for a complete blood count evaluation, using the ADVIA 120 hematology analyzer...
January 9, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325504/platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-indices-in-patients-with-acute-deep-vein-thrombosis
#4
Liang Ming, Zhiyun Jiang, Junfen Ma, Qian Wang, Fan Wu, Jiedan Ping
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events and complete blood count (CBC) is an easily measured test. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of CBC relative parameters including mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR), and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for patients with acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 115 patients with unprovoked DVT of the lower extremities and 105 controls were recruited in this study...
January 12, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324568/effects-of-pressure-support-ventilation-on-ventilator-induced-lung-injury-in-mild-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-depend-on-level-of-positive-end-expiratory-pressure
#5
Paulo A F Magalhães, Gisele de A Padilha, Lillian Moraes, Cíntia L Santos, Ligia de A Maia, Cassia L Braga, Maria do Carmo M B Duarte, Lívia B Andrade, Alberto Schanaider, Vera L Capellozzi, Robert Huhle, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Paolo Pelosi, Patricia R M Rocco, Pedro L Silva
BACKGROUND: Harmful effects of spontaneous breathing have been shown in experimental severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, in the clinical setting, spontaneous respiration has been indicated only in mild ARDS. To date, no study has compared the effects of spontaneous assisted breathing with those of fully controlled mechanical ventilation at different levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on lung injury in ARDS. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of assisted pressure support ventilation (PSV) with pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) on lung function, histology and biological markers at two different PEEP levels in mild ARDS in rats...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310959/increased-expression-of-t-cell-immunoglobulin-and-mucin-domain-3-on-cd14-monocytes-is-associated-with-systemic-inflammatory-reaction-and-brain-injury-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#6
ChangJun Xu, HaiTao Ge, Tao Wang, JianBing Qin, De Liu, YuGuang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the expression of T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 3 (Tim-3) on peripheral blood immunocytes, and the relationship between Tim-3 and the systemic inflammatory response or brain injury in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: According to the volume of hematoma at 12 hours after onset of ICH, 60 newly diagnosed patients with ICH were divided into the small (volume of hematoma <30 mL, 30 cases) and large (volume of hematoma ≥30 mL, 30 cases) ICH groups...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307233/role-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-nlr-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-plr-and-mean-platelet-volume-mpv-in-assessing-disease-control-in-asian-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis
#7
Jun Jie Benjamin Seng, Yu Heng Kwan, Lian Leng Low, Julian Thumboo, Weng Seng Warren Fong
INTRODUCTION: C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) which are used for assessment of axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) related disease activity have poor specificity and sensitivity. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV) have not been investigated as disease activity markers among Asian AxSpA patients. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in Singapore General Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 to investigate the role of NLR, PLR and MPV as disease activity markers in AxSpA patients...
January 8, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302215/inhibitory-effects-of-2-6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxymethylphenol-on-asthmatic-responses-to-ovalbumin-challenge-in-conscious-guinea-pigs
#8
Seul-Yong Jeong, Ji-Yun Lee
This study evaluated the anti-asthmatic activities of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxymethylphenol (DBHP) that is a potent phenolic antioxidant in edible vegetable oil. The effects of DBHP on bronchial asthma were evaluated by determining the specific airway resistance (sRaw) and tidal volume (TV) during the immediate asthmatic response (IAR) and the late-phase asthmatic response (LAR) in guinea pigs with aerosolized ovalbumin-induced asthma. Recruitment of leukocytes and the levels of biochemical inflammatory mediators were determined in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALFs), and histopathological surveys performed in lung tissues...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282442/impact-of-cyberknife-radiosurgery-on-overall-survival-and-various-parameters-of-patients-with-1-3-versus-%C3%A2-4-brain-metastases
#9
Judith Murovic, Victoria Ding, Summer S Han, John R Adler, Steven D Chang
Introduction This study's objective is to compare the overall survivals (OSs) and various parameters of patients with 1-3 versus ≥ 4 brain metastases post-CyberKnife radiosurgery (CKRS) (Accuray, Sunnyvale, California) alone. Methods Charts of 150 patients, from 2009-2014, treated with only CKRS for brain metastases were reviewed retrospectively for overall survival (OS) and patient, tumor, and imaging characteristics. Parameters included demographics, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scores, number and control of extracranial disease (ECD) sites, cause of death (COD), histology, tumor volume (TV), and post-CKRS whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT)...
October 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277912/a-hemorrhagic-transformation-model-of-mechanical-stroke-therapy-with-acute-hyperglycemia-in-mice
#10
David Couret, Steeve Bourane, Aurélie Catan, Brice Nativel, Cynthia Planesse, Anne-Claire Dorsemans, Imade Ait-Arsa, Maxime Cournot, Philippe Rondeau, Jessica Patche, Alexy Tran-Dinh, Gilles Lambert, Nicolas Diotel, Olivier Meilhac
Clinical benefit for mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in stroke was recently demonstrated in multiple large prospective studies. Acute hyperglycemia is an important risk factor of poor outcome in stroke patients, including those that underwent MT. The aim of this therapy is to achieve a complete reperfusion in a short time, given that reperfusion damage is dependent on the duration of ischemia. Here, we investigated the effects of acute hyperglycemia in a mouse model of ischemic stroke induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274562/increased-platelet-activation-occurs-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-and-correlates-to-clinical-status
#11
Ulrika Lindberg, Lisbeth Svensson, Thomas Hellmark, Mårten Segelmark, Oonagh Shannon
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inflammatory lung disease. Platelets have an emerging role in inflammation, however previous studies of platelet activation in CF have generated conflicting results. In this study, we determined platelet function in CF patients and correlated platelet activation to establish clinical and laboratory parameters. Twenty-two patients, aged 20.7 to 54.4 (mean 34.0, SD 9.45) years and with a mean FEV1%pred (forced expiratory volume in one second, % of predicted) of 72 (SD 21.4, range 32-110) were recruited...
December 19, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261747/sex-specific-reference-intervals-of-hematologic-and-biochemical-analytes-in-sprague-dawley-rats-using-the-nonparametric-rank-percentile-method
#12
Qili He, Guoming Su, Keliang Liu, Fangcheng Zhang, Yong Jiang, Jun Gao, Lida Liu, Zhongren Jiang, Minwu Jin, Huiping Xie
BACKGROUND: Hematologic and biochemical analytes of Sprague-Dawley rats are commonly used to determine effects that were induced by treatment and to evaluate organ dysfunction in toxicological safety assessments, but reference intervals have not been well established for these analytes. Reference intervals as presently defined for these analytes in Sprague-Dawley rats have not used internationally recommended statistical method nor stratified by sex. Thus, we aimed to establish sex-specific reference intervals for hematologic and biochemical parameters in Sprague-Dawley rats according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute C28-A3 and American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology guideline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258866/suppression-of-nlrp3-attenuates-hemorrhagic-transformation-after-delayed-rtpa-treatment-in-thromboembolic-stroke-rats-involvement-of-neutrophil-recruitment
#13
Zhiliang Guo, Shuhong Yu, Xin Chen, Ping Zheng, Ting Hu, Zhenhui Duan, Xiaoyun Liu, Qian Liu, Ruidong Ye, Wusheng Zhu, Xinfeng Liu
BACKGROUND: Inflammation and neutrophils play pivotal roles in hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) treatment in stroke; however, the contribution of Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), a key component of the innate immune system, is not yet known. This study aimed to explore the role of NLRP3 in the delayed rtPA-induced HT and its association with the neutrophil recruitment. METHODS: Rats were subjected to thromboembolic focal cerebral ischemia and delayed rtPA treatment at 4 h after ischemia to mimic HT...
December 16, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251256/screening-of-sceptridium-ternatum-for-antitussive-and-antiasthmatic-activity-and-associated-mechanisms
#14
Ping Huang, Wenxiu Xin, Xiaowei Zheng, Fang Luo, Qinglin Li, Guiyuan Lv
Objectives Sceptridium ternatum is an expectorant in traditional Chinese medicine and is prescribed for the treatment of asthma. The study aim was to screen Sceptridium ternatum for ingredients with antitussive and antiasthmatic effects and to study their associated mechanisms. Methods Cough in mice was induced using ammonia. Cough latency and the number of coughs within 3 minutes were determined. Airway responsiveness was assessed using ovalbumin as a sensitizer and characteristic asthma indicators were measured...
December 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243847/utility-of-complete-blood-count-parameters-to-detect-premature-ovarian-insufficiency-in-cases-with-oligomenorrhea-amenorrhea
#15
Ilhan Sanverdi, Cetin Kilicci, Ebru Cogendez, Cigdem Abide Yayla, Enis Ozkaya
BACKGROUND: There are very few biomarkers available to diagnose cases with premature ovarian failure. Some complete blood count parameters have been introduced to be diagnostic biomarkers for several disorders associated with inflammatory process. Due to the evidence that indicated chronic inflammatory process to be underlying pathophysiology in premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), we aimed to assess the predictive value of complete blood count parameters for POI diagnosis. METHOD: A total of 96 women diagnosed to have premature ovarian failure were compared with 110 otherwise healthy women in terms of some basal hormone levels and complete blood count parameters...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231608/-influence-of-electroacupuncture-pretreatment-on-intestinal-function-in-the-patients-of-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#16
Sicong Mai, Jinhai Meng, Wenjuan Wang, Shuhui Lang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on the intestinal function, inflammatory reaction and blood lactic acid in the patients of colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients of colorectal cancer laparotomy at selective period, aged from 18 to 59 years old were selected. According toⅠ-Ⅲ grade of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), the patients were randomized into group A (total intravenous anesthesia), group B[total intravenous anesthesia combined with EA pretreatment at Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37) and Xiajuxu (ST 39) on the right side] and group C[total intravenous anesthesia combined with EA pretreatment at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37) and Xiajuxu (ST 39) on the right side], 20 cases in each one...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227024/blood-biomarkers-as-predictors-of-long-term-mortality-in-copd
#17
Angelico Mendy, Erick Forno, Theophile Niyonsenga, Janvier Gasana
BACKGROUND: Blood biomarkers are easily accessible and might reflect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) activity. AIM: To determine whether a panel of blood biomarkers (C-reactive protein [CRP], neutrophils, eosinophils, albumin and vitamin D) could predict mortality in COPD. METHODS: we analyzed data from 431 COPD participants to the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys who were followed for a median time of 36 months...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221978/influence-of-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-versus-crystalloid-solution-on-structural-renal-damage-markers-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-post-hoc-subgroup-analysis-of-a-prospective-trial
#18
Thomas Datzmann, Markus Hoenicka, Helmut Reinelt, Andreas Liebold, Hagen Gorki
OBJECTIVE: The restriction of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) has mandated changes in volume management based on data of critically ill patients. Reliable data of structural renal damage after HES treatment in cardiac surgical patients are lacking. The influence of 6% HES 130/0.4 was investigated in this study. DESIGN: An exploratory post hoc subgroup analysis of a prospective trial was performed. SETTING: The study was carried out at a university hospital...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218124/expression-of-toll-like-receptor-2-and-4-in-peripheral-blood-neutrophil-cells-from-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
Prashant Mani Tripathi, Surya Kant, Ravi Shanker Yadav, Ram Awadh Singh Kushwaha, Ved Prakash, Sayed Husian Mustafa Rizvi, Arshiya Parveen, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Iqbal Ahmad
Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. Preliminary studies have evaluated the association between innate immunity including Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and airway samples of patients with COPD. The role of TLRs in peripheral blood neutrophils is poorly understood. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the role of TLR2 and TLR4 in peripheral blood neutrophils of COPD patients. Methods: A total of 101 COPD cases and an equal number of healthy controls participated in this case-control study...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212188/baseline-platelet-parameters-for-predicting-early-platelet-response-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-non-cardioembolic-ischemic-stroke-treated-with-clopidogrel
#20
Wenxian Li, Xiaomei Xie, Di Wei, Shijun Zhang, Yuanling Wu, Xuejun Fu, Zhen Jing, Weibiao Lu, Xinqiang Lai, Li'an Huang
Purpose: The present study investigated whether routine baseline platelet parameters(BPPs) detected before clopidogrel therapy in acute non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke(NCIS) could predict early platelet response and future clinical outcomes. Results: The CYP2C19 polymorphisms constituted independent risk factors for LCR. The number of female patients, the incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM), the level of low-density lipoprotein(LDL) cholesterol, and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(NLR) were significantly high in the clinical clopidogrel resistance (CCR) group...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
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