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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792200/wedge-shaped-microfluidic-chip-for-circulating-tumor-cells-isolation-and-its-clinical-significance-in-gastric-cancer
#1
Chaogang Yang, Nangang Zhang, Shuyi Wang, Dongdong Shi, Chunxiao Zhang, Kan Liu, Bin Xiong
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have great potential in both basic research and clinical application for the managements of cancer. However, the complicated fabrication processes and expensive materials of the existing CTCs isolation devices, to a large extent, limit their clinical translation and CTCs' clinical value. Therefore, it remains to be urgently needed to develop a new platform for achieving CTCs detection with low-cost, mass-producible but high performance. METHODS: In the present study, we introduced a novel wedge-shaped microfluidic chip (named CTC-ΔChip) fabricated by two pieces of glass through wet etching and thermal bonding technique for CTCs isolation, which achieved CTCs enrichment by different size without cell surface expression markers and CTCs identification with three-color immunocytochemistry method (CK+/CD45-/Nucleus+)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787551/transfusion-of-cryopreserved-platelets-exacerbates-inflammatory-liver-and-lung-injury-in-a-mice-model-of-hemorrhage
#2
Jingxiang Zhao, Zhenwei Sun, Guoxing You, Ying Wang, Gan Chen, Lian Zhao, Hong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Platelets are essential for primary hemostasis and also play an important role in inflammatory reactions. The hemostatic property of Cryopreserved platelets (CPPs) has been confirmed in the treatment of bleeding casualties, but inflammatory injury induced by CPP transfusion is relatively unclear. We aim to investigate the effects of CPP transfusion on inflammatory organ injury in mice after hemorrhage. METHODS: Mice were subjected to a volume-controlled hemorrhage over 1 hour, and then were transfused with fresh platelets (FPs), Liquid-stored platelets (LPPs), CPPs, or fresh frozen plasma (FFP, control)...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787304/deterioration-of-regional-lung-strain-and-inflammation-during-early-lung-injury
#3
Gabriel C Motta-Ribeiro, Soshi Hashimoto, Tilo Winkler, Rebecca M Baron, Kira Grogg, Luís F S C Paula, Arnoldo Santos, Congli Zeng, Kathryn Hibbert, Robert S Harris, Ednan Bajwa, Marcos F Vidal Melo
RATIONALE: The contribution of aeration heterogeneity to lung injury during early mechanical ventilation of uninjured lungs is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Test the hypotheses that a strategy consistent with clinical practice does not protect from worsening in lung strains during the first 24h of ventilation of initially normal lungs exposed to mild systemic endotoxemia in supine versus prone position, and that local neutrophilic inflammation is associated with local strain and blood volume at global strains below a proposed injurious threshold...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786814/predictive-value-of-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-while-detecting-bowel-resection-in-hernia-with-intestinal-incarceration
#4
Hande Köksal, Derviş Ateş, Emet Ebru Nazik, İlknur Küçükosmanoğlu, Serap Melek Doğan, Osman Doğru
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between preoperative hematological inflammatory markers of the patients who underwent a surgery for incarcerated hernia and intestinal resection requirement. METHODS: The data of 102 patients who underwent a surgery for incarcerated hernia were retrospectively evaluated. Whole blood cell counts were preoperatively measured, and operation types and pathology results were recorded. The patients with intestinal resections were compared with those without any resection in terms of leukocyte number, neutrophil rate, red cell distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width, neutrophil-to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV)...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782286/-ngal-as-a-marker-for-some-extrarenal-complications-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#5
M A Shalenkova, Z D Mikhailova, P F Klimkin
AIM: To study the role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as a marker for extrarenal complications in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 110 patients with ACS on days 1-3 of hospitalization, concentrations of NGAL, serum (s-NGAL) and urinary (u-NGAL) NGAL, and N-terminal fragment of pro-B natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured, and transthoracic echocardiography was performed. Incidence of cardiovascular complications was determined during the stay in the hospital; hemodynamic parameters (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate) were measured on admission...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779969/increased-malondialdehyde-vs-reduced-sirtuin-1-in-relation-with-adiposity-atherogenicity-and-hematological-indices-in-metabolic-syndrome-patients-with-and-without-prediabetes
#6
Samar Abu Rkhaya, Nailya Bulatova, Violet Kasabri, Randa Naffa, Reema Alquoqa
BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT 1) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were implicated in metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) pathophysiology. AIMS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate both SIRT 1 and MDA in 30 lean healthy control, 31 normoglycemic MetS subjects and 30 MetS-Pre/T2DM drug naïve. C orrelation studies were established for both biomarkers with adiposity indices [conicity index (CI), waist circumference (WC), weight-to-height (WHtR) ratio, weight-to-hip (WHR) ratio, hip circumference (HC), and body adiposity index (BAI)], hematological indices [red cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet-to-lymphcyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR)] and atherogenicity indices (atherogenicity index of plasma (AIP = log10 TG/HDL-C ratio), TC/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios]...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769008/biochemical-and-haematological-predictors-of-reduced-neutrophil-granulocyte-count-associated-with-intravenous-ceftriaxone-treatment
#7
Basant Puri, Anne Derham, Jean Monro
Background Intravenous treatment with ceftriaxone, a commonly used third-generation cephalosporin, is associated with a risk of the potentially fatal side-effect of neutropenia. Objective The first systematic study to determine whether six to 12 days' intravenous ceftriaxone treatment is associated with a reduction in the neutrophil count and the extent to which biochemical and/or haematological parameters routinely measured at baseline predict such a fall. Method Baseline and follow-up haematological and biochemical blood indices were measured in 86 patients (mean age 39...
May 16, 2018: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767470/early-increase-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-30-day-mortality-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#8
Fei Wang, Feng Xu, Ye Quan, Li Wang, Jian-Jun Xia, Ting-Ting Jiang, Li-Juan Shen, Wen-Hui Kang, Yong Ding, Li-Xia Mei, Xue-Feng Ju, Shan-You Hu, Xiao Wu
AIMS: To examine whether early rise of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) after patient hospitalization correlates with 30-day mortality in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients receiving treatment for spontaneous ICH between January 2015 and September 2016 at the Jiading District Central Hospital Affiliated Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences in Shanghai, China. NLR was determined at admission (T1), at 24-48 hours (T2) and 5-7 days (T3)...
May 16, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760679/hematocrit-values-predict-carotid-intimal-media-thickness-in-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Giovanni Tarantino, Luigi Barrea, Domenico Capone, Vincenzo Citro, Teresa Mosca, Silvia Savastano
Background: Literature data suggest with some criticism that full-fledged cardiovascular (CV) events (acute or chronic) are likely predicted by blood components, which are reported to be associated with the presence/severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study was aimed at determining which marker(s) derived from blood count, such as white blood cells, neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet count, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, hematocrit values were associated with ear or subclinical atherosclerosis, in obese patients of various classes suffering from NAFLD...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758129/twenty-four-hour-normothermic-perfusion-of-discarded-human-kidneys-with-urine-recirculation
#10
Annemarie Weissenbacher, Letizia Lo Faro, Olga Boubriak, Maria F Soares, Ian S Roberts, James P Hunter, Daniel Voyce, Nikolay Mikov, Andrew Cook, Rutger J Ploeg, Constantin C Coussios, Peter J Friend
Transportable normothermic kidney perfusion for 24 hours or longer could enable viability assessment of marginal grafts, increased organ utilization and improved transplantation logistics. Eleven clinically-declined kidneys were perfused normothermically, six from donors after brain stem death (DBD, median cold ischemia time 33±36.9 hours) and five from donors after circulatory death (DCD, 36.2±38.3 hours): n=3 kidneys were perfused using Ringer's lactate to replace excreted urine volume, and n=8 using urine recirculation to maintain perfusate volume without fluid replenishment...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754852/predictors-of-survival-after-yttrium-90-radioembolization-for-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases
#11
Ashley A Weiner, Bin Gui, Neil B Newman, John L Nosher, Fady Yousseff, Shou-En Lu, Gretchen M Foltz, Darren Carpizo, Jonathan Lowenthal, Darryl A Zuckerman, Ben Benson, Jeffrey R Olsen, Salma K Jabbour, Parag J Parikh
PURPOSE: To identify clinical parameters that are prognostic for improved overall survival (OS) after yttrium-90 radioembolization (RE) in patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 131 patients who underwent RE for liver metastases from CRC, treated at 2 academic centers, were reviewed. Twenty-one baseline pretreatment clinical factors were analyzed in relation to OS by the Kaplan-Meier method along with log-rank tests and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731423/evaluation-of-a-new-continuous-mononuclear-cell-collection-procedure-in-a-single-transplant-center-cohort-enriched-for-al-amyloidosis-patients
#12
Anita Pudusseri, India Smith, Diane Sarnacki, Dina Brauneis, Anthony Shelton, Vaishali Sanchorawala, J Mark Sloan, Shayna Sarosiek, Karen Quillen
BACKGROUND: The Spectra Optia continuous mononuclear cell (CMNC) program is newly available, and herein validated in a single-center cohort enriched with AL amyloidosis patients to collect a target CD34+ yield of 2.5 × 106 cells/kg within 2 days. METHODS: Consecutive autologous transplant patients in 2016 are included. Patients undergo leukapheresis with Optia CMNC and Spectra v4.7 over a 2-day cycle. Data collection includes collection efficiency, adverse events and engraftment kinetics...
April 26, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725632/urinary-biomarkers-to-identify-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-patients-with-a-high-likelihood-of-disease-progression
#13
A Lianne Messchendorp, Esther Meijer, Wendy E Boertien, Gerwin E Engels, Niek F Casteleijn, Edwin M Spithoven, Monique Losekoot, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Dorien J M Peters, Ron T Gansevoort
Introduction: The variable disease course of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) makes it important to develop biomarkers that can predict disease progression, from a patient perspective and to select patients for renoprotective treatment. We therefore investigated whether easy-to-measure urinary biomarkers are associated with disease progression and have additional value over that of conventional risk markers. Methods: At baseline, inflammatory, glomerular, and tubular damage markers were measured in 24-hour urine collections (albumin, IgG, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), N -acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), β2 microglobulin (β2MG), heart-type fatty acid binding protein (HFABP), macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1)...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724240/mesenchymal-stem-cells-attenuate-blood-brain-barrier-leakage-after-cerebral-ischemia-in-mice
#14
Zhuo Cheng, Liping Wang, Meijie Qu, Huaibin Liang, Wanlu Li, Yongfang Li, Lidong Deng, Zhijun Zhang, Guo-Yuan Yang
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke induced matrixmetallo-proteinase-9 (MMP-9) upregulation, which increased blood-brain barrier permeability. Studies demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cell therapy protected blood-brain barrier disruption from several cerebrovascular diseases. However, the underlying mechanism was largely unknown. We therefore hypothesized that mesenchymal stem cells reduced blood-brain barrier destruction by inhibiting matrixmetallo-proteinase-9 and it was related to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716855/effect-of-black-seed-oil-supplementation-on-selected-immunological-hematological-and-iron-status-parameters-in-ribavirin-treated-female-albino-rats
#15
H A Abd-Elmonem
Ribavirin has been found to enhance the anti HCV potential of pegylated interferon and sovaldi. However its use was associated with impact on the hemopoietic system and iron status. The hemopoietic toxicity, sometimes forced patients to reduce the dosage or to discontinue treatment in rare occasions. The main purpose of the present study was to assess the potential of black seed oil, a known potent antioxidant, to ameliorate the negative impact of ribavirin on hematological indices, iron status and natural immunity in rats...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716700/prognostic-value-of-blood-count-parameters-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#16
Arsalan Majeed Adam, Ather Hasan Rizvi, Amna Haq, Rabia Naseem, Aiman Rehan, Ali Tariq Shaikh, Abdul Haseeb Abbas, Ansab Godil, Arif Ali, Muhammad Saad Ali Mallick, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Muhammad Nawaz Lashari
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that complete blood count (CBC) parameters can effectively predict long-term mortality and re-infarction rates in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the role of these parameters in predicting short term mortality has not been studied extensively. The main objective of this study was to determine whether CBC parameters can predict 30-days mortality and the incidence of major adverse cardiac event (MACE) in ACS patients. METHODOLOGY: A total of 297 patients with ACS were recruited in this prospective study...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713159/the-impact-of-exposure-to-biomass-smoke-versus-cigarette-smoke-on-inflammatory-markers-and-pulmonary-function-parameters-in-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-failure
#17
Birsen Ocakli, Eylem Acarturk, Emine Aksoy, Sinem Gungor, Fulya Ciyiltepe, Selahattin Oztas, Ipek Ozmen, Meltem Coban Agca, Cuneyt Salturk, Nalan Adiguzel, Zuhal Karakurt
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of exposure to biomass smoke vs cigarette smoke on serum inflammatory markers and pulmonary function parameters in patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF). Patients and methods: A total of 106 patients with CRF divided into age and gender-matched groups of cigarette-smoke exposure (n=55, mean [SD] age: 71.0 [12.0] years, 92.7% were females) and biomass smoke exposure (n=51, mean [SD] age: 73.0 [11...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712654/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-and-tolerability-of-single-dose-oral-lcb01-0371-a-novel-oxazolidinone-with-broad-spectrum-activity-in-healthy-volunteers
#18
Yong-Soon Cho, Hyeong-Seok Lim, Shi-Hyang Lee, Young Lag Cho, Hee-Sook Nam, Kyun-Seop Bae
LCB01-0371 is a novel oxazolidinone with broad-spectrum activity against Gram-positive pathogens in both in vitro studies and animal infection models. The objectives of this study were to evaluate its safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics following single ascending doses (NCT01554995). Single oral doses of 600 mg Linezolid, a placebo, or LCB01-0371 between 50 mg and 3200 mg were tested in 69 healthy male subjects. Blood and urine were sampled, and LCB01-0371 concentrations were measured, and the serum inhibitory and bactericidal titers of LCB01-0371 and Linezolid were determined...
April 30, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700762/a-host-protein-signature-is-superior-to-other-biomarkers-for-differentiating-between-bacterial-and-viral-disease-in-patients-with-respiratory-infection-and-fever-without-source-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Liat Ashkenazi-Hoffnung, Kfir Oved, Roy Navon, Tom Friedman, Olga Boico, Meital Paz, Gali Kronenfeld, Liat Etshtein, Asi Cohen, Tanya M Gottlieb, Eran Eden, Irina Chistyakov, Isaac Srugo, Adi Klein, Shai Ashkenazi, Oded Scheuerman
Bacterial and viral infections often present with similar symptoms. Etiologic misdiagnosis can alter the trajectory of patient care, including antibiotic overuse. A host-protein signature comprising tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), interferon gamma-induced protein-10 (IP-10), and C-reactive protein (CRP) was validated recently for differentiating bacterial from viral disease. However, a focused head-to-head comparison of its diagnostic performance against other biomarker candidates for this indication was lacking in patients with respiratory infection and fever without source...
April 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697933/comparison-of-inflammatory-markers-between-brucella-and-non-brucella-epididymo-orchitis
#20
Ali Cift, Mehmet Ozgur Yucel
OBJECTIVES: Brucellosis is a multi-system infectious disease that is associated with inflammation, which causes an increase in acute phase reactants. Hematological inflammatory markers of brucellosis include mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of hematological inflammatory markers in Brucella epididymo-orchitis (BEO), and to investigate the utility of these markers for differential diagnosis from non-Brucella epididymo-orchitis (non-BEO)...
April 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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