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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099589/which-coronary-lesions-are-more-prone-to-cause-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Taner Sen, Mehmet Ali Astarcioglu, Osman Beton, Lale Dinc Asarcikli, Celal Kilit
Background: According to common belief, most myocardial infarctions (MIs) are due to the rupture of nonsevere, vulnerable plaques with < 70% obstruction. Data from recent trials challenge this belief, suggesting that the risk of coronary occlusion is, in fact, much higher after severe stenosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not acute ST-elevation MIs result from high-grade stenoses by evaluating the presence of coronary collateral circulation (CCC). Methods: We retrospectively included 207 consecutive patients who had undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation MI...
January 16, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098108/the-relationship-between-mean-platelet-volume-and-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-with-inflammation-and-proteinuria-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Gulay Yilmaz, Can Sevinc, Sedat Ustundag, Yasemin Coskun Yavuz, Tuba Hacıbekiroglu, Esra Hatipoglu, Mehmet Baysal
Atherosclerosis, which develops as a result of inflammation, is the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we investigated the relationship of mean platelet volume (MPV) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with inflammation and proteinuria in patients with CKD Stage 3-4. Healthy individuals who applied to nephrology clinic for checkup purposes acted as controls. Fifty-three patients and 30 healthy controls were included in the study. Patients with diabetes mellitus, active infection, malignancy, and coronary artery disease were excluded from the study...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086942/external-beam-radiotherapy-for-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-international-multicenter-phase-i-trial-sakk-77-07-and-sasl-26
#3
Evelyn Herrmann, Diana Naehrig, Manfred Sassowsky, Martin Bigler, Jeroen Buijsen, Ilja Ciernik, Daniel Zwahlen, Alessandra Franzetti Pellanda, Andreas Meister, Peter Brauchli, Simona Berardi, Erika Kuettel, Jean-François Dufour, Daniel M Aebersold
PURPOSE: To assess feasibility and safety of conventionally fractionated radiotherapy (cfRT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed stage cT1-4, cN0-1 HCC and Child-Pugh Score (CPS) A or B disease were included in a phase I multicenter trial. Metastatic HCC were allowed if ≥90% of total tumor volume was located within the liver. Patients were enrolled onto five dose-escalation levels (54-70Gy in 2Gy fractions) based on a modified 3 + 3 design, with cohorts of five patients instead of three patients in dose levels 4 and 5...
January 13, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074419/deciphering-the-molecular-mechanisms-involved-in-hiv-associated-lipoatrophy-by-transcriptomics-a-pilot-study
#4
Patricia Pérez-Matute, María Iñiguez, Emma Recio-Fernández, José-Antonio Oteo
HIV-associated lipoatrophy (LA) has considerable implications for risk of metabolic diseases, quality of life, and adherence to treatments. Although it has decreased in high-income countries, it is still very common in resource-limited countries. Understanding the pathophysiological mechanisms of LA can open the possibility to explore new ways to treat or prevent this condition. To identify new markers for an accurate and quick diagnosis will be also of interest. Thus, we aimed to examine functional classes of genes implicated in LA and to identify potential new markers for an accurate/quick diagnosis of LA and future complications...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073702/serum-progranulin-as-an-indicator-of-neutrophilic-airway-inflammation-and-asthma-severity
#5
So Young Park, Gyong Hwa Hong, Sunjoo Park, Bomi Shin, Sun-Young Yoon, Hyouk-Soo Kwon, Tae-Bum Kim, Hee-Bom Moon, You Sook Cho
BACKGROUND: Progranulin, a protein secreted from the airway epithelium, is known to attenuate the downstream cascade of neutrophilic inflammation in particular. We hypothesized that progranulin may have a role in inflammatory regulation in asthma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum progranulin levels and various clinical features in patients with asthma. METHODS: Serum samples and clinical data of 475 patients with asthma and 35 healthy controls at a tertiary referral hospital and its affiliated health promotion center were collected...
December 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070608/xuebijing-injection-treatment-inhibits-vasopermeability-and-reduces-fluid-requirements-in-a-canine-burn-model
#6
F-B Tang, Y-L Dai, S Hu, L-Q Ma, J-Y Li, H-P Zhang, W-H Zhang, Y-G Li, H-B Wang, H-Y Lin, Q Hu, L Li
OBJECTIVE: High vasopermeability and excessive inflammation following severe burns may result in tissue edema, organ dysfunction and the loss of circulatory plasma volume, which can influence the doctor to do the prognosis to the patients. The study aims to examine whether Xuebijing injection (XBJ), an extracts of a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat sepsis in clinic, can reduces fluid requirements by inhibiting vasopermeability and tissue edema in a canine model after burn injury...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070107/effects-of-reduced-food-intake-for-4-weeks-on-physiological-parameters-in-toxicity-studies-in-dogs
#7
Junya Morita, Tomoko Izumi, Bunichiro Ogawa, Yoshiki Ban, Hironori Takagi, Minoru Sasaki, Shunsuke Tsutsumi
This study sought to clarify the effects of reduced feeding on physiological parameters in dogs to enable appropriate evaluations of the safety and toxicity of test compounds. We measured alkaline phosphatase isozymes and the circulating blood volume, as well as clinical signs, body weight, hematology, blood chemistry, electrocardiography, organ weight, and histopathology, in male beagle dogs fed a diet consisting of 300 g/day or 150 g/day for 4 weeks. There were no abnormal clinical signs in any of the dogs...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068238/hematologic-nadirs-during-chemoradiation-for-anal-cancer-temporal-characterization-and-dosimetric-predictors
#8
Andrew Y Lee, Daniel W Golden, Jose G Bazan, Malgorzata Kopec, Charles A Pelizzari, Sonya Aggarwal, Daniel T Chang, Stanley L Liauw
PURPOSE: Pelvic bone marrow (BM) constraints may offer a means to reduce the toxicity commonly associated with chemoradiation for anal cancer. We conducted a bi-institutional analysis of dose-volume metrics in a time-sensitive fashion to devise practical metrics to minimize hematologic toxicity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty-six anal cancer patients from 2 institutions received definitive radiation therapy (median primary dose of 54 Gy) using intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT, n=49) or 3-dimensional (3D) conformal therapy (n=7) with concurrent 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and mitomycin C...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062999/relationship-between-increased-carotid-artery-stiffness-and-idiopathic-subjective-tinnitus
#9
C Bayraktar, S Taşolar
Tinnitus is defined as perception of sound with no external stimulus, and can separate into pulsatile and non-pulsatile types. Arterial stiffness is a parameter that can predict the cardiovascular event and associated with incidence of stroke. It has been shown that increased arterial stiffness may lead to microvascular damage in brain. Our aim was to assess the arterial stiffness of the carotid system in the development and severity of idiopathic subjective tinnitus. Forty subjective tinnitus patients and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled in the study...
January 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056233/-the-value-of-urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-for-early-diagnosis-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy
#10
W You, C L Qi, F Ye, S L Huang, D J Xie, Z M Wu, K Huang, K L Chen, T Y Huang, S L Chen
Objective: To explore the value of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) for early diagnosis of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary angiography (CAG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: From May 2015 to January 2016, 506 consecutive patients who underwent CAG or PCI in our hospital were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were divided into CIN group (n=47) and non-CIN group (n=459). Clinical and interventional data were compared between the two groups...
December 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054922/evaluating-the-use-of-hematological-parameters-in-staging-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#11
Necdet Fatih Yaşar, Mustafa Ufuk Uylas, Mustafa Baspinar, Hakan Sarsilmaz, Ersin Ates, Serdar Erkasap, Adnan Sahin
INTRODUCTION: Recently, it has been shown that hematological parameters may be used as markers of inflammatory response. In this study, the authors aimed to identify the potential roles of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and other hematological markers in the evaluation of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), a chronic, recurrent inflammatory disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 patients, diagnosed with HS between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2014, were categorized into 3 groups according to the Hurley staging system...
December 29, 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053821/microrna-181c-exacerbates-brain-injury-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#12
Qingfeng Ma, Haiping Zhao, Zhen Tao, Rongliang Wang, Ping Liu, Ziping Han, Shubei Ma, Yumin Luo, Jianping Jia
MicroRNA-181 (miR-181) is highly expressed in the brain, and downregulated in miRNA expression profiles of acute ischemic stroke patients. However, the roles of miR-181c in stroke are not known. The clinical relevance of miR-181c in acute stroke patients was evaluated by real-time PCR and correlation analyses. Proliferation and apoptosis of BV2 microglial cells and Neuro-2a cells cultured separately or together under oxidative stress or inflammation were assessed with the Cell Counting Kit-8 and by flow cytometry, respectively...
December 2016: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053618/changes-of-hematological-references-depends-on-storage-period-and-temperature-conditions-in-rats-and-dogs
#13
Jung-Min Lee, Jin Seok Kang
Because changes in rat and dog hematological parameters according to storage conditions have been poorly documented, we sought to examine such changes. Blood analysis was performed using two hematology analyzers (ADVIA 2120i and Sysmex XN-V) after storage at room temperature and in cold storage for 5, 24, and 48 h, respectively. Interassay coefficients of variation for hematological parameters analyzed with the ADVIA 2120i and the XN-V showed similar. The levels of hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, and platelet (PLT) showed significant variations with time in blood samples of rats and dogs...
December 2016: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044935/c-glycosyl-flavone-from-urginea-indica-inhibits-growth-and-dissemination-of-ehrlich-ascites-carcinoma-cells-in-mice
#14
Ganesh Babu Bevara, A D Naveen Kumar, K Koteswramma Laxmi, Anil Kumar Badana, Seema Kumari, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Rama Rao Malla
C-glycosyl flavone, a phytochemical constituent of U. indica bulb, has been reported to possesses cytotoxic activity. In present study, acute and chronic toxicity along with antitumor activity of C-glycosyl flavone isolated from U.indica bulb were performed using in vitro and in vivo methods. Acute and chronic toxicity of C-glycosyl flavone was evaluated using Swiss albino mice. The effect of C-glycosyl flavone on proliferation of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells was determined. Further, growth inhibition and dissemination was studied using EAC induced mice model...
January 2, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039731/erratum-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-new-prognostic-factors-for-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#15
M M Sevinc, U R Gunduz, E Kinaci, A A Aydin, S Bayrak, R U Gursu, S Gunduz
In this article published in Volume 21, issue 5, the authors' names appeared in the Pubmed abstract as: "Mahsuni Sevinc M, Riza Gunduz U, Kinaci E, Armagan Aydin A, Bayrak S, Umar Gursu R, Gunduz S". The correct authors' names are: "Sevinc MM, Gunduz UR, Kinaci E, Aydin AA, Bayrak S, Gursu RU, Gunduz S" This error appeared only in the PubMed database and not in the print form of the Journal.
November 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031855/neurologic-symptoms-as-the-only-manifestation-of-b12-deficiency-in-a-young-patient-with-normal-hematocrit-mcv-peripheral-blood-smear-and-homocysteine-levels
#16
Panagiota Voukelatou, Ioannis Vrettos, Andreas Kalliakmanis
B12 deficiency is associated with several neurological manifestations. It is well documented that neurologic symptoms due to B12 deficiency may sometimes present in the absence of anemia. However, in most cases there are several indicating factors like megaloblastic changes in complete blood count, hypersegmentated neutrophils or macroovalocytes in peripheral blood smear and abnormal homocysteine levels. In this report, we describe a case of a 32-year-old man with neurological symptomatology as the only manifestation of B12 deficiency with normal hematocrit, mean cell volume, peripheral blood smear and homocysteine levels...
December 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017281/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-as-useful-predictive-markers-of-prediabetes-and-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Cuma Mertoglu, Murat Gunay
AIMS: Chronic inflammation plays a central role in the development and progression of diabetes, and in the pathogenesis of its complications. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are indicators of subclinical inflammation. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is one of the platelet function indices. We investigated the association of NLR, PLR and MPV with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus and determine whether or not these are reliable markers for diagnosis...
December 12, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011618/novel-applications-for-a-non-invasive-sampling-method-of-the-nasal-mucosa
#18
Meghan E Rebuli, Adam M Speen, Phillip W Clapp, Ilona Jaspers
Reliable methods for sampling the nasal mucosa provide clinical researchers with key information regarding respiratory biomarkers of exposure and disease. For quick and non-invasive sampling of the nasal mucosa, nasal lavage (NL) collection has been widely used as a clinical tool, however, limitations including volume variability, sample dilution, and storage prevent NL collection from being used in non-laboratory settings and in the analysis of low abundance biomarkers. In this study, we optimize and validate a novel methodology using absorbent Leukosorb® paper cut to fit the nasal passage in order to extract epithelial lining fluid (ELF) from the nasal mucosa...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008393/status-of-neutrophils-lymphocytes-and-platelets-in-patients-with-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-a-retrospective-study
#19
Suat Terzi, Engin Dursun, Abdulkadir Özgür, Enes Yiğit, Zerrin Özergin-Coşkun, Özlem Çelebi-Erdivanl, Münir Demirci
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV) in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients who were diagnosed with RAS between January 2014 and January 2016 were included in this study. Eighty age- and gender-matched healthy subjects were also enrolled as a control group. Neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet counts were compared between groups, in addition to NLR, PLR, and MPV values...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981484/uric-acid-is-protective-after-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-in-hyperglycemic-mice
#20
Carles Justicia, Angélica Salas-Perdomo, Isabel Pérez-de-Puig, Lisette H Deddens, Geralda A F van Tilborg, Clara Castellví, Rick M Dijkhuizen, Ángel Chamorro, Anna M Planas
Hyperglycemia at stroke onset is associated with poor long-term clinical outcome in numerous studies. Hyperglycemia induces intracellular acidosis, lipid peroxidation, and peroxynitrite production resulting in the generation of oxidative and nitrosative stress in the ischemic tissue. Here, we studied the effects of acute hyperglycemia on in vivo intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression, neutrophil recruitment, and brain damage after ischemia/reperfusion in mice and tested whether the natural antioxidant uric acid was protective...
December 15, 2016: Translational Stroke Research
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