keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

quail

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541573/lighting-programs-for-male-and-female-meat-quails-coturnix-coturnix-raised-in-equatorial-region
#1
G C Aguiar, E R Freitas, P H Watanabe, C W S Figueiredo, L P Silva, G A J Nascimento, R C Lima, R C Nepomuceno, N L Sá
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of lighting programs for male and female meat quails raised in an equatorial region on performance and carcass traits. A total of 1,500 sexed quails (Coturnix coturnix) was distributed in a completely randomized design in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement, with 2 sexes (male and female) and 3 lighting programs (natural, intermittent, and continuous) with 5 replicates of 50 birds. The lighting programs were applied in the period from 7 to 49 d of age, being natural (12 h and 30 min of natural light and 11 h and 30 min of dark), intermittent (12 h and 30 min of natural light and 5 h and 30 min of artificial light, alternating lighting periods with one h and 06 min and periods of darkness with one h and 12 min), and continuous (23 h of natural + artificial light and one h of dark)...
May 24, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536195/discovery-of-a-widespread-metabolic-pathway-within-and-among-phenolic-xenobiotics
#2
Pahriya Ashrap, Guomao Zheng, Yi Wan, Tong Li, Wenxin Hu, Wenjuan Li, Hong Zhang, Zhaobin Zhang, Jianying Hu
Metabolism is an organism's primary defense against xenobiotics, yet it also increases the production of toxic metabolites. It is generally recognized that phenolic xenobiotics, a group of ubiquitous endocrine disruptors, undergo rapid phase II metabolism to generate more water-soluble glucuronide and sulfate conjugates as a detoxification pathway. However, the toxicological effects of the compounds invariably point to the phase I metabolic cytochrome P450 enzymes. Here we show that phenolic xenobiotics undergo an unknown metabolic pathway to form more lipophilic and bioactive products...
May 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532523/immune-responses-intestinal-microbiota-performance-and-blood-characteristics-of-japanese-quail-fed-on-diets-containing-camphor
#3
A Sedaghat, M A Karimi Torshizi
This study aimed to investigate the effect of supplemental camphor on the performance and immune functions of Japanese quail by feeding graded levels (0 (control), 250, 500, 750, 1000, 5000 or 10 000 ppm) of camphor during a 42-day feeding trial. In all, 280 1-day-old quail chicks were randomly assigned into 28 cages of 10 chicks each with separate feeders. The results clearly demonstrated that camphor did not have a significant effect on BW, BW gain, total experimental average daily feed intake, feed conversion ratio, internal organ relative weights and biochemical parameters such as uric acid, albumin, total protein and triglyceride; however, plasma cholesterol concentration was significantly different in a linear manner, in which 500 ppm of camphor resulted in a lower level of cholesterol...
May 23, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529649/sak-hv-triggered-a-short-period-lipid-lowering-biotherapy-based-on-the-energy-model-of-liver-proliferation-via-a-novel-pathway
#4
Chao Zhang, Zhiguang Huang, Haoran Jing, Wenliang Fu, Min Yuan, Wenrong Xia, Ling Cai, Xiangdong Gan, Yao Chen, Minji Zou, Minhui Long, Jiaxi Wang, Min Wang, Donggang Xu
The accumulations of excess lipids within liver and serum are defined as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hyperlipemia respectively. Both of them are components of metabolic syndrome that greatly threaten human health. Here, a recombinant fusion protein (SAK-HV) effectively treated NAFLD and hyperlipemia in high-fat-fed ApoE(-/-) mice, quails and rats within just 14 days. Its triglyceride and cholesterol-lowering effects were significantly better than that of atorvastatin during the observation period...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525869/hepatic-microsomal-metabolism-of-bde-47-and-bde-99-by-lesser-snow-geese-and-japanese-quail
#5
Lisa K Krieger, András Szeitz, Stelvio M Bandiera
In the present study, we investigated the oxidative biotransformation of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) and 2,2',4,4',5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99) by liver microsomes from wild lesser snow geese (Chen caerulescens caerulescens) and domesticated Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Formation of hydroxy-metabolites was analyzed using an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based method. Incubation of BDE-47 with avian liver microsomes produced sixteen hydroxy-metabolites, eight of which were identified using authentic standards...
May 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521051/efficiency-of-early-single-dose-probiotic-administration-methods-on-performance-small-intestinal-morphology-blood-biochemistry-and-immune-response-of-japanese-quail
#6
Kazem Seifi, Mohammad Amir Karimi Torshizi, Shaban Rahimi, Mohammad Kazemifard
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of early probiotics (single dose) administered in different ways, on quails' performance, small intestine morphology, blood biochemistry, and immune response. In total, 192 day-old chicks were used in one of the following experimental groups before being transferred to a raising room: 1) Control (no probiotic administered), 2) oral gavage, 3) spray, and 4) vent lip. Four replicates of 12 chicks per cage were considered for each treatment and birds were raised up to 35 d in the same conditions...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511899/signaling-pathways-to-and-from-the-hypophysial-pars-tuberalis-an-important-center-for-the-control-of-seasonal-rhythms
#7
REVIEW
Horst-Werner Korf
Seasonal (circannual) rhythms play an important role for the control of body functions (reproduction, metabolism, immune responses) in nearly all living organisms. Also humans are affected by the seasons with regard to immune responses and mental functions, the seasonal affective disorder being one of the most prominent examples. The hypophysial pars tuberalis (PT), an important interface between the hypophysial pars distalis and neuroendocrine centers in the brain, plays an essential role in the regulation of seasonal functions and may even be the seat of the circannual clock...
May 13, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508987/transmission-of-h6n2-wild-bird-origin-influenza-a-virus-among-multiple-bird-species-in-a-stacked-cage-setting
#8
J Jeffrey Root, Susan A Shriner, Jeremy W Ellis, Kaci K VanDalen, Alan B Franklin
Live bird markets are common in certain regions of the U.S. and in other regions of the world. We experimentally tested the ability of a wild bird influenza A virus to transmit from index animals to naïve animals at varying animal densities in stacked cages in a simulated live bird market. Two and six mallards, five and twelve quail, and six and nine pheasants were used in the low-density and high-density stacks of cages, respectively. Transmission did not occur in the high-density stack of cages likely due to the short duration and relatively low levels of shedding, a dominance of oral shedding, and the lack of transmission to other mallards in the index cage...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507408/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fermented-fish-silage-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broiler-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#9
Sasmita Panda, Laxman Kumar Babu, Arun Kumar Panda, Tanuja S, Anurag Mohanty, Kuldeep Kumar Panigrahy, Pinaki Samal
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented fish silage (FFS) on serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192, 7-day-old broiler Japanese quail chicks of either sex, were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments with four replicates in each group having 12 chicks in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments were T1 - Control diet, T2 - Diet containing 5% FFS, T3 - Diet containing 10% FFS, and T4 - Diet containing 15% FFS...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502731/the-influence-of-a-probiotic-supplementation-on-memory-in-quail-suggests-a-role-of-gut-microbiota-on-cognitive-abilities-in-birds
#10
Severine Parois, Ludovic Calandreau, Narjis Kraimi, Irène Gabriel, Christine Leterrier
The gut microbiota is involved in host behaviour and memory in mammals. Consequently, it may also influence emotional behaviour and memory in birds. Quail from two genetic lines with different fearfulness (LTI: long tonic immobility, n=37; STI: short tonic immobility, n=32) were either or not supplemented with a probiotic (Pediococcus acidilactici) from hatching. Emotional reactivity was measured in a tonic immobility test (d6 and 7 of age) and two open-field tests (d13-15; d22-24). Memory was measured in a test rewarded with mealworms, where quail had to remember the cups previously visited (d34-36)...
May 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497115/an-efficient-rapid-and-recyclable-system-for-crispr-mediated-genome-editing-in-candida-albicans
#11
Namkha Nguyen, Morgan M F Quail, Aaron D Hernday
Candida albicans is the most common fungal pathogen of humans. Historically, molecular genetic analysis of this important pathogen has been hampered by the lack of stable plasmids or meiotic cell division, limited selectable markers, and inefficient methods for generating gene knockouts. The recent development of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat(s) (CRISPR)-based tools for use with C. albicans has opened the door to more efficient genome editing; however, previously reported systems have specific limitations...
March 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495270/egg-deposition-of-maternal-testosterone-is-primarily-controlled-by-the-preovulatory-peak-of-luteinizing-hormone-in-japanese-quail
#12
Monika Okuliarova, Simone L Meddle, Michal Zeman
Differential transfer of maternal testosterone (T) into egg yolk provides a means of adjusting an offspring's phenotype to ambient environmental conditions. While the environmental and genetic driven variability in yolk T levels is widely described, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we investigated whether neuroendocrine mechanisms controlling ovulatory processes are associated with the regulation of yolk T deposition. Circulatory profiles of luteinizing hormone (LH), T and estradiol levels were analysed during the last 7 h before ovulation in Japanese quail selected for contrasting yolk T concentrations...
May 8, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492231/ppks-mediate-direct-signal-transfer-from-phytochrome-photoreceptors-to-transcription-factor-pif3
#13
Weimin Ni, Shou-Ling Xu, Eduardo González-Grandío, Robert J Chalkley, Andreas F R Huhmer, Alma L Burlingame, Zhi-Yong Wang, Peter H Quail
Upon light-induced nuclear translocation, phytochrome (phy) sensory photoreceptors interact with, and induce rapid phosphorylation and consequent ubiquitin-mediated degradation of, transcription factors, called PIFs, thereby regulating target gene expression and plant development. Nevertheless, the biochemical mechanism of phy-induced PIF phosphorylation has remained ill-defined. Here we identify a family of nuclear protein kinases, designated Photoregulatory Protein Kinases (PPK1-4; formerly called MUT9-Like Kinases (MLKs)), that interact with PIF3 and phyB in a light-induced manner in vivo...
May 11, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488062/cocaine-preexposure-enhances-sexual-conditioning-and-increases-resistance-to-extinction-in-male-japanese-quail
#14
Chana K Akins, B Levi Bolin, Karin E Gill
The incentive-sensitization theory posits that drug addiction results from altered learning and motivational processes that stem from drug-induced changes in the brain's reward circuitry. Although it is generally accepted that problematic drug use results from these neuroadaptations, less research has focused on how these neural changes affect the incentive-motivational properties of naturally rewarding stimuli such as sex. The present set of experiments was conducted to investigate (1) dose-dependent effects of preexposure to chronic cocaine on sexual conditioning and (2) how prior cocaine exposure affects the extinction of sexually conditioned behavior in male Japanese quail...
May 9, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487390/activation-of-the-amino-acid-response-pathway-blunts-the-effects-of-cardiac-stress
#15
Pu Qin, Pelin Arabacilar, Roberta E Bernard, Weike Bao, Alan R Olzinski, Yuanjun Guo, Hind Lal, Stephen H Eisennagel, Michael C Platchek, Wensheng Xie, Julius Del Rosario, Mohamad Nayal, Quinn Lu, Theresa Roethke, Christine G Schnackenberg, Fe Wright, Michael P Quaile, Wendy S Halsey, Ashley M Hughes, Ganesh M Sathe, George P Livi, Robert B Kirkpatrick, Xiaoyan A Qu, Deepak K Rajpal, Maria Faelth Savitski, Marcus Bantscheff, Gerard Joberty, Giovanna Bergamini, Thomas L Force, Gregory J Gatto, Erding Hu, Robert N Willette
BACKGROUND: The amino acid response (AAR) is an evolutionarily conserved protective mechanism activated by amino acid deficiency through a key kinase, general control nonderepressible 2. In addition to mobilizing amino acids, the AAR broadly affects gene and protein expression in a variety of pathways and elicits antifibrotic, autophagic, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, little is known regarding its role in cardiac stress. Our aim was to investigate the effects of halofuginone, a prolyl-tRNA synthetase inhibitor, on the AAR pathway in cardiac fibroblasts, cardiomyocytes, and in mouse models of cardiac stress and failure...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483475/dual-action-of-neuro-estrogens-in-the-regulation-of-male-sexual-behavior
#16
Charlotte Anne Cornil, Catherine de Bournonville
Estrogens derived from brain testosterone aromatization (neuro-estrogens) are critical for the activation of male sexual behavior. Their effects on this behavior are typically associated with long-term changes in circulating levels of testosterone and the transcriptional activity of their liganded nuclear receptors. According to this view, neuro-estrogens would prime the neural circuits controlling the long-term expression of behavior, which would then be acutely regulated by neurotransmitter systems conveying information from the social environment...
May 5, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474397/thymol-feed-supplementation-in-quail-alters-the-percentages-of-nutritionally-relevant-egg-yolk-fatty-acids-effects-throughout-incubation
#17
Maria E Fernandez, Raul H Marin, Agustin Luna, Maria P Zunino, Maria C Labaque
BACKGROUND: PUFA are crucial components of the yolk and particularly prone to oxidative damage generating losses of nutrients for embryonic development and influencing the quality of eggs for human consumption. We evaluated whether dietary thymol (a natural antioxidant) is related to changes in quail egg yolk total, triglycerides and phospholipids fatty acid composition (T, TG, PL, respectively) at different stages of embryo development. Thus, female Japanese quail (100d) were assigned to 1 of 2 dietary treatments (12 individuals each): CON (basal diet) or THY (0...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473898/phylogenetic-typing-and-molecular-detection-of-virulence-factors-of-avian-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-colibacillosis-cases-in-japanese-quail
#18
Hesam Alizade, Reza Ghanbarpour, Maziar Jajarami, Asma Askari
Colibacillosis caused by avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is an economic threat to the poultry industry throughout the world. Some of the virulence genes may enhance the ability of E. coli isolates to grow in the tissues of broilers. The APEC strains are assigned to a few distinct phylogenetic groups. The purpose of the present study was to detect the virulence genes and phylogenetic groups of E. coli isolates from colibacillosis cases in Japanese quail in 2014 in Kerman, Iran. In the present study, one hundred and two E...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469029/how-do-seemingly-non-vagile-clades-accomplish-trans-marine-dispersal-trait-and-dispersal-evolution-in-the-landfowl-aves-galliformes
#19
Peter A Hosner, Joseph A Tobias, Edward L Braun, Rebecca T Kimball
Dispersal ability is a key factor in determining insular distributions and island community composition, yet non-vagile terrestrial organisms widely occur on oceanic islands. The landfowl (pheasants, partridges, grouse, turkeys, quails and relatives) are generally poor dispersers, but the Old World quail (Coturnix) are a notable exception. These birds evolved small body sizes and high-aspect-ratio wing shapes, and hence are capable of trans-continental migrations and trans-oceanic colonization. Two monotypic partridge genera, Margaroperdix of Madagascar and Anurophasis of alpine New Guinea, may represent additional examples of trans-marine dispersal in landfowl, but their body size and wing shape are typical of poorly dispersive continental species...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467428/social-environment-during-egg-laying-changes-in-plasma-hormones-with-no-consequences-for-yolk-hormones-or-fecundity-in-female-japanese-quail-coturnix-japonica
#20
Esther M A Langen, Nikolaus von Engelhardt, Vivian C Goerlich-Jansson
The social environment can have profound effects on an individual's physiology and behaviour and on the transfer of resources to the next generation, with potential consequences for fecundity and reproduction. However, few studies investigate all of these aspects at once. The present study housed female Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) in pairs or groups to examine the effects on hormone concentrations in plasma and yolk and on reproductive performance. Circulating levels of androgens (testosterone and 5-α-dihydrotestosterone) and corticosterone were measured in baseline samples and after standardised challenges to assess the responsiveness of the females' endocrine axes...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
31436
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"