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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323331/survival-benefit-needed-to-undergo-chemotherapy-patient-and-physician-preferences
#1
Ines Vaz-Luis, Anne O'Neill, Karen Sepucha, Kathy D Miller, Emily Baker, Chau T Dang, Donald W Northfelt, Eric P Winer, George W Sledge, Bryan Schneider, Ann H Partridge
BACKGROUND: Published studies have suggested that most patients with early stage breast cancer are willing, for modest survival benefits, to receive 6 months of adjuvant cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil, an older regimen that is used infrequently today. We examined preferences regarding the survival benefit needed to justify 6 months of a contemporary chemotherapy regimen. METHODS: The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Protocol 5103 was a phase 3 trial that randomized breast cancer patients to receive standard adjuvant doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel with either bevacizumab or placebo...
March 21, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319942/right-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernias-is-there-a-correlation-between-prenatal-lung-volume-and-postnatal-survival-as-in-isolated-left-diaphragmatic-hernias
#2
Teresa Victoria, Enrico Danzer, Edward R Oliver, J Christopher Edgar, Suzanne Iyoob, Emily A Partridge, Ann M Johnson, William H Peranteau, Beverly G Coleman, Alan W Flake, Mark P Johnson, Holly H Hedrick, N Scott Adzick
OBJECTIVES: Whereas left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernias (L-CDH) have been extensively studied and their prognostic parameters delineated, right-sided hernias (R-CDH) have not. Published results remain inconclusive. The aim of this study is to evaluate if proven prognostic indicators of postnatal survival in the fetus with L-CDH apply to the fetus with R-CDH. METHODS: Retrospective single-center study of R-CDH fetuses with available prenatal studies assessed for fetal lung volume by means of ultrasound-measured observed versus expected (O/E) lung area to head circumference (LHR) and magnetic resonance-calculated O/E total lung volume (TLV) in a 12-year time period...
March 21, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314986/false-positive-synovial-fluid-alpha-defensin-test-in-a-patient-with-acute-gout-affecting-a-prosthetic-knee
#3
D G Partridge, A Gordon, R Townsend
The alpha-defensin test has demonstrated promising results in studies evaluating it for the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection. There are limited data in the literature regarding its use in patients with other inflammatory joint conditions, but a high specificity for infection has been reported. We describe a patient with a prosthetic knee joint, who had a positive alpha-defensin lateral flow assay but in whom subsequent results confirmed a diagnosis of acute gout with no evidence of infection.
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284061/fertility-concerns-among-breast-cancer-patients-in-mexico
#4
Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Bertha Alejandra Martinez-Cannon, Alejandra Platas, Alejandro Mohar, Ann H Partridge, Arnoldo Gil-Moran, Alan Fonseca, Yoatzin Vega, Enrique Bargallo-Rocha, Servando Cardona-Huerta, Yadira Estefany Lopez-Aguirre, Regina Barragan-Carrillo, Andrea Castro-Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: Young women represent a high proportion of the total number of breast cancer (BC) patients in Mexico; however, no previous studies addressing their attitudes regarding the risk of chemotherapy-induced infertility and its contributing factors are available. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concerns of young women with BC towards the risk of infertility in two referral centers in Mexico with access to public health services. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including women with newly or previously detected BC aged 40 years or younger at diagnosis was conducted...
March 8, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277781/coligranuloma-hj%C3%A3-rre-and-wramby-s-disease-reconsidered
#5
W J M Landman, J H H van Eck
Coligranulomatosis (Hjärre and Wramby's disease) is considered to be a disease of chickens, turkeys and partridges that occurs sporadically in individual, adult birds. Therefore, the condition is not of economic importance, but is of interest due to the similarity of its lesions to those of tuberculosis. In a number of cases the disease could be reproduced by inoculation via artificial routes of granuloma homogenate or Escherichia coli bacteria isolated from the lesions. Oral inoculations always failed. Occasionally, also serious outbreaks of granuloma disease have been reported in chickens, turkeys and quails...
February 9, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273481/matching-dietary-amino-acid-balance-to-the-in-silico-translated-exome-optimizes-growth-and-reproduction-without-cost-to-lifespan
#6
Matthew D W Piper, George A Soultoukis, Eric Blanc, Andrea Mesaros, Samantha L Herbert, Paula Juricic, Xiaoli He, Ilian Atanassov, Hanna Salmonowicz, Mingyao Yang, Stephen J Simpson, Carlos Ribeiro, Linda Partridge
Balancing the quantity and quality of dietary protein relative to other nutrients is a key determinant of evolutionary fitness. A theoretical framework for defining a balanced diet would both reduce the enormous workload to optimize diets empirically and represent a breakthrough toward tailoring diets to the needs of consumers. Here, we report a simple and powerful in silico technique that uses the genome information of an organism to define its dietary amino acid requirements. We show for the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster that such "exome-matched" diets are more satiating, enhance growth, and increase reproduction relative to non-matched diets...
March 7, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253260/direct-keap1-nrf2-disruption-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Fiona Kerr, Oyinkan Sofola-Adesakin, Dobril K Ivanov, Jemma Gatliff, Beatriz Gomez Perez-Nievas, Hélène C Bertrand, Pedro Martinez, Rebecca Callard, Inge Snoeren, Helena M Cochemé, Jennifer Adcott, Mobina Khericha, Jorge Iván Castillo-Quan, Geoffrey Wells, Wendy Noble, Janet Thornton, Linda Partridge
Nrf2, a transcriptional activator of cell protection genes, is an attractive therapeutic target for the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Current Nrf2 activators, however, may exert toxicity and pathway over-activation can induce detrimental effects. An understanding of the mechanisms mediating Nrf2 inhibition in neurodegenerative conditions may therefore direct the design of drugs targeted for the prevention of these diseases with minimal side-effects. Our study provides the first in vivo evidence that specific inhibition of Keap1, a negative regulator of Nrf2, can prevent neuronal toxicity in response to the AD-initiating Aβ42 peptide, in correlation with Nrf2 activation...
March 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247128/the-self-care-practices-of-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-poor-prognosis-cancer-differences-by-varying-levels-of-caregiver-well-being-and-preparedness
#8
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle B Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie A Bakitas
PURPOSE: Little is known about the impact of family caregiving for adults with poor prognosis cancer on caregivers' own individual self-care practices. We explored differences in caregivers' discrete self-care practices associated with varying levels of caregiver well-being, preparedness, and decision-making self-efficacy. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey within eight community-based southeastern U.S. cancer centers was conducted. Family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head and neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of individual self-care practices (health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep), well-being (anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life [HRQoL]), preparedness, and decision-making self-efficacy...
March 1, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245276/plasmid-interference-for-curing-antibiotic-resistance-plasmids-in-vivo
#9
Muhammad Kamruzzaman, Shereen Shoma, Christopher M Thomas, Sally R Partridge, Jonathan R Iredell
Antibiotic resistance increases the likelihood of death from infection by common pathogens such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in developed and developing countries alike. Most important modern antibiotic resistance genes spread between such species on self-transmissible (conjugative) plasmids. These plasmids are traditionally grouped on the basis of replicon incompatibility (Inc), which prevents coexistence of related plasmids in the same cell. These plasmids also use post-segregational killing ('addiction') systems, which poison any bacterial cells that lose the addictive plasmid, to guarantee their own survival...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239549/red-legged-partridge-alectoris-rufa-de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-and-identification-of-gene-related-markers
#10
Natalia Sevane, Javier Cañon, Paulina G Eusebi, Ignacio Gil, Susana Dunner
The red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) has a great socio-economic importance as a game species and is reared by millions in farms in several European countries. The ability to respond to a wide spectrum of pathogens and environmental changes is key for farm-reared animals that, as such, face even higher pathogen exposure and specifically for those submitted to restocking programs. In this study, RNA-sequencing and de-novo assembly of genes expressed in different immune tissues were performed. The raw FASTQ files were submitted to the NCBI SRA database with accession number PRJNA289204...
March 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239400/mate-choice-for-major-histocompatibility-complex-complementarity-in-a-strictly-monogamous-bird-the-grey-partridge-perdix-perdix
#11
Dana Rymešová, Tereza Králová, Marta Promerová, Josef Bryja, Oldřich Tomášek, Jana Svobodová, Petr Šmilauer, Miroslav Šálek, Tomáš Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Sexual selection has been hypothesised as favouring mate choice resulting in production of viable offspring with genotypes providing high pathogen resistance. Specific pathogen recognition is mediated by genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) encoding proteins fundamental for adaptive immune response in jawed vertebrates. MHC genes may also play a role in odour-based individual recognition and mate choice, aimed at avoiding inbreeding. MHC genes are known to be involved in mate choice in a number of species, with 'good genes' (absolute criteria) and 'complementary genes' (self-referential criteria) being used to explain MHC-based mating...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238894/a-narrative-review-of-social-media-and-game-based-nutrition-interventions-targeted-at-young-adults
#12
Monica Nour, Sin Hang Yeung, Stephanie Partridge, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
The increased popularity of social media and mobile gaming among young adults provides an opportunity for innovative nutrition programs. This review evaluated the efficacy of these strategies in interventions targeted at 18- to 35-year-olds. The protocol was guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Ten scientific databases, information technology conference proceedings, and gray literature were searched. Two reviewers conducted screening, data extraction, and quality assessments...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231285/the-mother-s-autonomy-in-decision-making-madm-scale-patient-led-development-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-experience-of-maternity-care
#13
Saraswathi Vedam, Kathrin Stoll, Kelsey Martin, Nicholas Rubashkin, Sarah Partridge, Dana Thordarson, Ganga Jolicoeur
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a new instrument that assesses women's autonomy and role in decision making during maternity care. DESIGN: Through a community-based participatory research process, service users designed, content validated, and administered a cross-sectional quantitative survey, including 31 items on the experience of decision-making. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pregnancy experiences (n = 2514) were reported by 1672 women who saw a single type of primary maternity care provider in British Columbia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208691/volatile-organic-compounds-sensing-using-optical-fibre-long-period-grating-with-mesoporous-nano-scale-coating
#14
Jiri Hromadka, Sergiy Korposh, Matthew Partridge, Stephen W James, Frank Davis, Derrick Crump, Ralph P Tatam
A long period grating (LPG) modified with a mesoporous film infused with a calixarene as a functional compound was employed for the detection of individual volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and their mixtures. The mesoporous film consisted of an inorganic part, SiO₂ nanoparticles (NPs), along with an organic moiety of poly(allylamine hydrochloride) polycation PAH, which was finally infused with the functional compound, p-sulphanato calix[4]arene (CA[4]) or p-sulphanato calix[8]arene (CA[8]). The LPG sensor was designed to operate at the phase matching turning point to provide the highest sensitivity...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206998/dynamic-outcome-prediction-in-a-socio-demographically-diverse-population-based-cohort-of-extremely-preterm-neonates
#15
M A Steurer, J Anderson, R J Baer, S Oltman, L S Franck, M Kuppermann, L Rand, K K Ryckman, J C Partridge, L L Jelliffe-Pawlowski, E E Rogers
OBJECTIVE: Accurate outcome prediction is crucial for counseling parents and providing individualized treatment to extremely premature infants. We sought to improve upon existing prediction model by using a diverse population-based cohort of extremely premature live births (⩽28 weeks' gestation) for survival and survival without severe neonatal morbidity at different times throughout the first week of life and to evaluate potential differences by race/ethnicity and maternal education...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204676/comparison-of-growth-curve-models-in-partridge
#16
V Sariyel, A Aygun, I Keskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198997/randomized-clinical-trial-of-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-and-optimization-in-vascular-surgery
#17
J S L Partridge, D Harari, F C Martin, J L Peacock, R Bell, A Mohammed, J K Dhesi
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of older patients are undergoing vascular surgery. Inadequate preoperative assessment and optimization may contribute to increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Patients aged at least 65 years scheduled for elective aortic aneurysm repair or lower-limb arterial surgery were enrolled in an RCT of standard preoperative assessment or preoperative comprehensive geriatric assessment and optimization. Randomization was stratified by sex and surgical site (aorta/lower limb)...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197309/structure-guided-design-of-novel-potent-and-selective-macrocyclic-plasma-kallikrein-inhibitors
#18
Zhe Li, James Partridge, Abel Silva-Garcia, Peter Rademacher, Andreas Betz, Qing Xu, Hing Sham, Yunjin Hu, Yuqing Shan, Bin Liu, Ying Zhang, Haijuan Shi, Qiong Xu, Xubo Ma, Li Zhang
A series of macrocyclic analogues were designed and synthesized based on the cocrystal structure of small molecule plasma kallikrein (pKal) inhibitor, 2, with the pKal protease domain. This led to the discovery of a potent macrocyclic pKal inhibitor 29, with an IC50 of 2 nM for one olefinic isomer and 42.3 nM for the other olefinic isomer.
February 9, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190636/correlation-of-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-parameters-with-patterns-of-disease-progression-in-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-after-definitive-chemoradiotherapy
#19
J M Wilson, S Mukherjee, T B Brunner, M Partridge, M A Hawkins
AIMS: A proportion of patients with pancreatic cancer never develop metastatic disease. We evaluated a role for (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in identifying a subset of patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) who never develop metastatic disease and only experience local disease and may therefore benefit from local treatment intensification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed LAPC entered a single-centre phase II study of definitive upfront chemoradiotherapy (CRT)...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190634/discovery-and-characterization-of-cyclopentyl-ethyl-benzoic-acid-inhibitors-of-microsomal-prostaglandin-e-synthase-1
#20
Katherine M Partridge, Stephen Antonysamy, Shobha N Bhattachar, Srinivasan Chandrasekhar, Matthew J Fisher, Adrian Fretland, Karen Gooding, Anita Harvey, Norman E Hughes, Steven L Kuklish, John G Luz, Peter R Manninen, James E McGee, Daniel R Mudra, Antonio Navarro, Bryan H Norman, Steven J Quimby, Matthew A Schiffler, Ashley V Sloan, Alan M Warshawsky, Jennifer M Weller, Jeremy S York, Xiao-Peng Yu
We describe a novel class of acidic mPGES-1 inhibitors with nanomolar enzymatic and human whole blood (HWB) potency. Rational design in conjunction with structure-based design led initially to the identification of anthranilic acid 5, an mPGES-1 inhibitor with micromolar HWB potency. Structural modifications of 5 improved HWB potency by over 1000×, reduced CYP2C9 single point inhibition, and improved rat clearance, which led to the selection of [(cyclopentyl)ethyl]benzoic acid compound 16 for clinical studies...
November 7, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
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