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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727018/evaluation-of-electrical-broad-bandwidth-impedance-spectroscopy-as-a-tool-for-body-composition-measurement-in-cows-in-comparison-with-body-measurements-and-the-deuterium-oxide-dilution-method
#1
C T Schäff, U Pliquett, A Tuchscherer, R Pfuhl, S Görs, C C Metges, H M Hammon, C Kröger-Koch
Body fatness and degree of body fat mobilization in cows vary enormously during their reproduction cycle and influence energy partitioning and metabolic adaptation. The objective of the study was to test bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) as a method for predicting fat depot mass (FDM), in living cows. The FDM is defined as the sum of subcutaneous, omental, mesenteric, retroperitoneal, and carcass fat mass. Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy is compared with the prediction of FDM from the deuterium oxide (DO) dilution method and from body conformation measurements...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704489/a-two-stage-approach-to-the-depot-shunting-driver-assignment-problem-with-workload-balance-considerations
#2
Jiaxi Wang, Manfred Gronalt, Yan Sun
Due to its environmentally sustainable and energy-saving characteristics, railway transportation nowadays plays a fundamental role in delivering passengers and goods. Emerged in the area of transportation planning, the crew (workforce) sizing problem and the crew scheduling problem have been attached great importance by the railway industry and the scientific community. In this paper, we aim to solve the two problems by proposing a novel two-stage optimization approach in the context of the electric multiple units (EMU) depot shunting driver assignment problem...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547853/the-efficacy-of-high-density-spinal-cord-stimulation-among-trial-implant-and-conversion-patients-a-retrospective-case-series
#3
David A Provenzano, Jared Rebman, Cody Kuhel, Hilary Trenz, Jason Kilgore
OBJECTIVES: Methods of energy delivery for traditional spinal cord stimulation (SCS) systems consist of adjusting programming parameters to affect the total charge delivered per unit time. One high electrical charge delivery method being considered is subthreshold high density (HD) programming. To date, there is limited clinical evidence for the efficacy and safety of paresthesia-free HD programming. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of HD programming. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on HD-programmed SCS patients with a minimum of one year follow-up...
May 25, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540817/effect-of-applied-voltage-duration-and-repetition-frequency-of-rf-pulses-for-pain-relief-on-temperature-spikes-and-electrical-field-a-computer-modelling-study
#4
Elżbieta Ewertowska, Borja Mercadal, Víctor Muñoz, Antoni Ivorra, Macarena Trujillo, Enrique Berjano
BACKGROUND: The thermal and electrical effects of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) for pain relief can be controlled by modifying the characteristics of the RF pulses applied. Our goal was to evaluate the influence of such modifications on the thermal and electric performance in tissue. METHODS: A computational model was developed to compare the temperature and electric field time courses in tissue between a standard clinical protocol (45 V pulses, 20 ms duration, 2 Hz repetition frequency) and a new protocol (55 V pulses, 5 ms duration, 5 Hz repetition frequency) with a higher applied electric field but a smaller impact on temperature alterations in tissue...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529730/effect-of-low-versus-high-frequency-stimulation-on-freezing-of-gait-and-other-axial-symptoms-in-parkinson-patients-with-bilateral-stn-dbs-a-mini-review
#5
REVIEW
Tao Xie, Mahesh Padmanaban, Lisa Bloom, Ellen MacCracken, Breanna Bertacchi, Abraham Dachman, Peter Warnke
Some studies have shown that low frequency stimulation (LFS, most commonly 60 Hz), compared to high frequency stimulation (HFS, most commonly 130 Hz), has beneficial effects, short-term or even long-term, on improving freezing of gait (FOG) and other axial symptoms, including speech and swallowing function, in Parkinson disease (PD) patients with bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN DBS). However, other studies failed to confirm this. It seems not clear what determines the difference in response to LFS...
2017: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434449/electrical-superior-vena-cava-isolation-using-a-novel-pace-and-ablate-technique-under-diaphragmatic-electromyography-monitoring
#6
Shinsuke Miyazaki, Shigeki Kusa, Hitoshi Hachiya, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Takayuki Niida, Sadamitsu Ichijo, Kenzo Hirao, Yoshito Iesaka
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic compound motor action potential (CMAP) amplitude monitoring is a standard technique to anticipate phrenic nerve injury during cryoballoon ablation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a novel superior vena cava isolation (SVCI) technique using simultaneous pacing and ablation through the tip of a single mapping/ablation catheter. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with atrial fibrillation were included...
May 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268064/multilayer-approach-for-advanced-hybrid-lithium-battery
#7
Jun Ming, Mengliu Li, Pushpendra Kumar, Lain-Jong Li
Conventional intercalated rechargeable batteries have shown their capacity limit, and the development of an alternative battery system with higher capacity is strongly needed for sustainable electrical vehicles and hand-held devices. Herein, we introduce a feasible and scalable multilayer approach to fabricate a promising hybrid lithium battery with superior capacity and multivoltage plateaus. A sulfur-rich electrode (90 wt % S) is covered by a dual layer of graphite/Li4Ti5O12, where the active materials S and Li4Ti5O12 can both take part in redox reactions and thus deliver a high capacity of 572 mAh gcathode(-1) (vs the total mass of electrode) or 1866 mAh gs(-1) (vs the mass of sulfur) at 0...
June 28, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198700/disease-specific-longevity-of-impulse-generators-in-deep-brain-stimulation-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Christoph van Riesen, Georg Tsironis, Doreen Gruber, Fabian Klostermann, Patricia Krause, Gerd Helge Schneider, Andreas Kupsch
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) represents an established and internationally approved therapy for movement disorders. In the present retrospective analysis, we evaluated disease-specific longevity of dual channel impulse generators (IPG) used in different movement disorders. We correlated the battery lifetime with electrical stimulation settings, "total electrical energy delivered" (TEED), stimulation modi (monopolar, double monopolar and bipolar) and targets. Specifically, we reviewed the longevity and stimulation settings of 464 IPGs implanted between 1996 until 2011 in a single university center...
June 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150431/parameters-of-spinal-cord-stimulation-and-their-role-in-electrical-charge-delivery-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Jonathan P Miller, Sam Eldabe, Eric Buchser, Lisa M Johanek, Yun Guan, Bengt Linderoth
OBJECTIVE: All spinal cord stimulation (SCS) parameters (amplitude, pulse width, frequency) influence the interaction of stimulation with the nervous system and impact the delivery of charge. Regardless of the stimulation pattern, there are certain crucial elements related to dose, and a basic fundamental knowledge of the parameters used to administer the therapy is fundamentally important. METHODS: This paper reviews basic concepts of energy delivery in neurostimulation (amplitude, pulse width, and frequency) and introduces the concept of the duty cycle and charge per sec as another way to characterize stimulation patterns...
June 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27074774/prospective-evaluation-of-electromyography-guided-phrenic-nerve-monitoring-during-superior-vena-cava-isolation-to-anticipate-phrenic-nerve-injury
#10
Shinsuke Miyazaki, Noboru Ichihara, Hiroaki Nakamura, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Hitoshi Hachiya, Makoto Araki, Takamitsu Takagi, Jin Iwasawa, Akio Kuroi, Kenzo Hirao, Yoshito Iesaka
BACKGROUND: Right phrenic nerve injury (PNI) is a major concern during superior vena cava (SVC) isolation due to the anatomical close proximity. The functional and histological severity of PNI parallels the degree of the reduction in the compound motor action potential (CMAP) amplitude. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of monitoring CMAPs during SVC isolation to anticipate PNI during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. METHODS: Thirty-nine paroxysmal AF patients were prospectively enrolled...
April 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010675/mesoporous-hybrids-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-and-vanadium-pentoxide-for-enhanced-performance-in-lithium-ion-batteries-and-electrochemical-capacitors
#11
Gaind P Pandey, Tao Liu, Emery Brown, Yiqun Yang, Yonghui Li, Xiuzhi Susan Sun, Yueping Fang, Jun Li
Mesoporous hybrids of V2O5 nanoparticles anchored on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have been synthesized by slow hydrolysis of vanadium oxytriisopropoxide using a two-step solvothermal method followed by vacuum annealing. The hybrid material possesses a hierarchical structure with 20-30 nm V2O5 nanoparticles uniformly grown on rGO nanosheets, leading to a high surface area with mesoscale porosity. Such hybrid materials present significantly improved electronic conductivity and fast electrolyte ion diffusion, which synergistically enhance the electrical energy storage performance...
April 13, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26651500/fabrication-and-performance-of-high-energy-li-ion-battery-based-on-the-spherical-li-li-0-2-ni-0-16-co-0-1-mn-0-54-o2-cathode-and-si-anode
#12
Jing Ye, Yi-xuan Li, Li Zhang, Xue-ping Zhang, Min Han, Ping He, Hao-shen Zhou
The cathode materials of Li-ion batteries for electric vehicles require not only a large gravimetric capacity but also a high volumetric capacity. A new Li-rich layered oxide cathode with superior capacity, Li[Li0.20Ni0.16Co0.10Mn0.54]O2 (denoted as LNCM), is synthesized from precursor, a coprecipitated spherical metal hydroxide. The preparation technology of precursor such as stirring speed, concentration of metal solution, and reaction time are regulated elaborately. The final product LNCM shows a well-ordered, hexagonal-layer structure, as confirmed by Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction pattern...
January 13, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25964991/optimizing-wellfield-operation-in-a-variable-power-price-regime
#13
Peter Bauer-Gottwein, Raphael Schneider, Claus Davidsen
Wellfield management is a multiobjective optimization problem. One important objective has been energy efficiency in terms of minimizing the energy footprint (EFP) of delivered water (MWh/m(3) ). However, power systems in most countries are moving in the direction of deregulated markets and price variability is increasing in many markets because of increased penetration of intermittent renewable power sources. In this context the relevant management objective becomes minimizing the cost of electric energy used for pumping and distribution of groundwater from wells rather than minimizing energy use itself...
January 2016: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25827391/a-study-of-enhanced-performance-of-vuv-uv-process-for-the-degradation-of-micropollutants-from-contaminated-water
#14
Mehdi Bagheri, Madjid Mohseni
VUV/UV is a chemical-free and straightforward solution for the degradation of emerging contaminants from water sources. The objective of this work was to investigate the feasibility of VUV/UV advanced oxidation process for the effective degradation of a target micropollutant, atrazine, under continuous flow operation of 0.5-6.5L/min. To provide an in-depth understanding of process, a comprehensive computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model, incorporating flow hydrodynamics, 185nm VUV and 254nm UV radiation propagation along with a complete kinetic scheme, was developed and validated experimentally...
August 30, 2015: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25300521/engineering-polar-discontinuities-in-honeycomb-lattices
#15
Marco Gibertini, Giovanni Pizzi, Nicola Marzari
Unprecedented and fascinating phenomena have been recently observed at oxide interfaces between centrosymmetric cubic materials, where polar discontinuities can give rise to polarization charges and electric fields that drive a metal-insulator transition and the appearance of a two-dimensional electron gas. Lower-dimensional analogues are possible, and honeycomb lattices offer a fertile playground, thanks to their versatility and the extensive ongoing experimental efforts in graphene and related materials. Here we suggest different realistic pathways to engineer polar discontinuities in honeycomb lattices and support these suggestions with extensive first-principles calculations...
2014: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25271097/electrotherapy-modalities-for-adhesive-capsulitis-frozen-shoulder
#16
REVIEW
Matthew J Page, Sally Green, Sharon Kramer, Renea V Johnston, Brodwen McBain, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis (also termed frozen shoulder) is a common condition characterised by spontaneous onset of pain, progressive restriction of movement of the shoulder and disability that restricts activities of daily living, work and leisure. Electrotherapy modalities, which aim to reduce pain and improve function via an increase in energy (electrical, sound, light, thermal) into the body, are often delivered as components of a physical therapy intervention. This review is one in a series of reviews which form an update of the Cochrane review 'Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain'...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25243201/global-renewable-energy-based-electricity-generation-and-smart-grid-system-for-energy-security
#17
M A Islam, M Hasanuzzaman, N A Rahim, A Nahar, M Hosenuzzaman
Energy is an indispensable factor for the economic growth and development of a country. Energy consumption is rapidly increasing worldwide. To fulfill this energy demand, alternative energy sources and efficient utilization are being explored. Various sources of renewable energy and their efficient utilization are comprehensively reviewed and presented in this paper. Also the trend in research and development for the technological advancement of energy utilization and smart grid system for future energy security is presented...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24697094/reducing-theatre-energy-consumption
#18
Tom Pierce, Gemma Morris, Beena Parker
As little has been written to describe the electrical energy required to deliver anaesthesia, we undertook to measure the total electrical energy consumption for a day's clinical anaesthesia. Daily energy consumption related to anaesthesia was measured with commercially available 'plug-in' power and energy meters, and additional in-use energy estimates were based on direct observation made in theatre and from measuring the power consumption of anaesthetic gas scavenging system (AGSS) pumps. Total energy use for anaesthesia per day was 28 kWh, and cost the modest sum of around pound 2...
March 2014: Health Estate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24360970/a-charge-metering-method-for-voltage-mode-neural-stimulation
#19
Song Luan, Timothy G Constandinou
Electrical neural stimulation is the technique used to modulate neural activity by inducing an instantaneous charge imbalance. This is typically achieved by injecting a constant current and controlling the stimulation time. However, constant voltage stimulation is found to be more energy-efficient although it is challenging to control the amount of charge delivered. This paper presents a novel, fully integrated circuit for facilitating charge-metering in constant voltage stimulation. It utilises two complementary stimulation paths...
March 15, 2014: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24080607/new-harmonic-scalpel-versus-conventional-hemostasis-in-right-colon-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Federico Sista, Valentina Abruzzese, Mario Schietroma, Emanuela Marina Cecilia, Antonella Mattei, Gianfranco Amicucci
BACKGROUND: The Harmonic Scalpel (HS) is a device that uses vibrations to coagulate and cut tissues simultaneously. Its advantages are represented by minimal lateral thermal tissue damage, less smoke formation, no neuromuscular stimulation and no transmission of electricity to the patient. METHODS: A total of 211 consecutive patients (113 men, 98 women; mean age 64 years) undergoing hemicolectomy for cancer of the right colon were divided into two groups, namely those in whom the operation was performed using a new HS handpiece (NHS; 108 patients) and those assigned to conventional hemostasis (CH; 103 patients)...
2013: Digestive Surgery
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