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Sedation in the icu

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210771/factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-rehabilitation-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#1
REVIEW
Selina M Parry, Laura D Knight, Bronwen Connolly, Claire Baldwin, Zudin Puthucheary, Peter Morris, Jessica Mortimore, Nicholas Hart, Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger
PURPOSE: To identify, evaluate and synthesise studies examining the barriers and enablers for survivors of critical illness to participate in physical activity in the ICU and post-ICU settings from the perspective of patients, caregivers and healthcare providers. METHODS: Systematic review of articles using five electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus. Quantitative and qualitative studies that were published in English in a peer-reviewed journal and assessed barriers or enablers for survivors of critical illness to perform physical activity were included...
February 16, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209046/-the-strategy-of-sedation-and-analgesia-in-icu-patients-with-mechanical-ventilation
#2
J B Huang, H Y Li, H Weng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198753/mechanical-ventilation-weaning-practices-and-decision-making-in-european-picus
#3
Lyvonne N Tume, Martin C J Kneyber, Bronagh Blackwood, Louise Rose
OBJECTIVES: This survey had three key objectives: 1) To describe responsibility for key ventilation and weaning decisions in European PICUs and explore variations across Europe; 2) To describe the use of protocols, spontaneous breathing trials, noninvasive ventilation, high-flow nasal cannula use, and automated weaning systems; and 3) To describe nurse-to-patient staffing ratios and perceived nursing autonomy and influence over ventilation decision making. DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey...
February 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190439/neurologic-complications-of-polytrauma
#4
R M Jha, L Shutter
Neurologic complications in polytrauma can be classified by etiology and clinical manifestations: neurovascular, delirium, and spinal or neuromuscular problems. Neurovascular complications include ischemic strokes, intracranial hemorrhage, or the development of traumatic arteriovenous fistulae. Delirium and encephalopathy have a reported incidence of 67-92% in mechanically ventilated polytrauma patients. Causes include sedation, analgesia/pain, medications, sleep deprivation, postoperative state, toxic ingestions, withdrawal syndromes, organ system dysfunction, electrolyte/metabolic abnormalities, and infections...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187794/continuous-eeg-monitoring-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#5
G B Young, J Mantia
The purpose and indications for continuous electroencephalography monitoring (CEEG) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients include seizure detection, monitoring the effects of treatment (including depth of sedation), grading and classification of EEG abnormalities, ischemia detection and prognostication. Practical considerations of ICU CEEG include: choice of montages (patterns of electrode placement and connections), EEG electrodes, recognition of artifacts, and the use of automated or computerized analysis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183564/the-effect-of-tramadol-plus-paracetamol-on-consumption-of-morphine-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#6
Dilek Altun, Özlem Çınar, Emre Özker, Ayda Türköz
STUDY OF OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of oral tramadol+paracetamol combination on morphine consumption following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) protocol. DESIGN: A prospective, double-blind, randomized, clinical study. SETTING: Single-institution, tertiary hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty cardiac surgical patients undergoing primary CABG surgery. INTERVENTIONS: After surgery, the patients were allocated to 1 of 2 groups...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182021/procedural-moderate-sedation-with-ketamine-in-pediatric-critical-care-unit
#7
Tarek R Hazwani, Hala Al-Alem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of moderate sedation in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) settings according to moderate sedation protocol using ketamine and midazolam and to determine areas for the improvement in our clinical practice. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted in the PICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for patients who had received moderate sedation between January and the end of December 2011 and who are eligible to inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179270/is-there-a-role-for-clowns-in-paediatric-intensive-care-units
#8
REVIEW
Guillaume Mortamet, Nadia Roumeliotis, Florence Vinit, Caroline Simonds, Laurent Dupic, Philippe Hubert
Hospital clowning is a programme in healthcare facilities involving visits from specially trained actors. In the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU), clowning may appear inappropriate and less intuitive. The patient could appear too ill and/or sedated, the environment too crowded or chaotic and the parents too stressed. Relying on our experience with professionally trained clowns both in France and Canada, the purpose of this article is to offer a model for hospital clowning and to suggest standards of practice for the implementation of clowning in PICUs...
February 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179250/impact-of-pharmacist-management-of-pain-agitation-and-delirium-in-the-intensive-care-unit-through-participation-in-multidisciplinary-bundle-rounds
#9
Patricia Louzon, Heath Jennings, Mahmood Ali, Marijo Kraisinger
PURPOSE: A two-phase program to increase pharmacist involvement in management of pain, agitation and delirium (PAD) at a large community teaching hospital is described. SUMMARY: Florida Orlando Hospital implemented a two-phase initiative to decrease intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS), ventilator use, sedative use, and hospital expenditures while advancing pharmacists' scope of practice. Phase 1 of the initiative involved a pilot project to evaluate pharmacist management of sedative therapy for mechanically ventilated patients...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176512/respiratory-adverse-events-during-upper-digestive-endoscopies-in-children-under-ketamine-sedation
#10
Jose C Flores-González, Alfonso M Lechuga Sancho, Mónica Saldaña Valderas, Gema Jimenez Gonzalez, Maria D Cruzado Garcia, Cristina Perez Aragon, Jose A Blanca Garcia
BACKGROUND: There is no evidence of the need for oxygen supplementation during upper digestive endoscopies under Ketamine sedation in children, and the latest recommendations specifically state that it is not mandatory for the procedure. The aim of our study is to assess the incidence of respiratory adverse events during upper digestive endoscopies in children under Ketamine sedation when performed without oxygen supplementation, in accordance with the latest recommendations. METHODS: 88 children undergoingketamine sedation for programmed upper digestive endoscopy at our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit were included...
February 7, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173733/practice-of-intubation-of-the-critically-ill-at-mayo-clinic
#11
Nathan J Smischney, Mohamed O Seisa, Katherine J Heise, Kyle D Busack, Theodore O Loftsgard, Darrell R Schroeder, Daniel A Diedrich
OBJECTIVE: To describe the practice of intubation of the critically ill at a single academic institution, Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota, and to report the incidence of immediate postintubation complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Critically ill adult (≥18 years) patients admitted to a medical-surgical intensive care unit from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2014, who required endotracheal intubation included. RESULTS: The final cohort included 420 patients...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168885/methylnaltrexone-versus-naloxone-for-opioid-induced-constipation-in-the-medical-intensive-care-unit
#12
Cristian Merchan, Diana Altshuler, John Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is common in critically ill patients; it leads to complications that can increase hospital stay and, rarely, bowel perforation. Opioid antagonists are considered a logical approach to treat OIC; however, the agent of choice has yet to be determined. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of enteral naloxone (NTX) versus subcutaneous methylnaltrexone (MNTX) for the treatment of OIC in the medical intensive care unit...
March 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159575/changing-target-temperature-from-33%C3%A2-c-to-36%C3%A2-c-in-the-icu-management-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-before-and-after-study
#13
Janet E Bray, Dion Stub, Jason E Bloom, Louise Segan, Biswadev Mitra, Karen Smith, Judith Finn, Stephen Bernard
INTRODUCTION: In December 2013, our institution changed the target temperature management (TTM) for the first 24h in ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (VF-OHCA) patients from 33°C to 36°C. This study aimed to examine the impact this change had on measured temperatures and patient outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive VF-OHCA patients admitted to a tertiary referral hospital in Melbourne (Australia) between January 2013 and August 2015...
January 31, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157809/withdrawal-assessment-tool-1-monitoring-in-picu-a-multicenter-study-on-iatrogenic-withdrawal-syndrome
#14
Angela Amigoni, Maria Cristina Mondardini, Ilaria Vittadello, Federico Zaglia, Emanuele Rossetti, Francesca Vitale, Stefania Ferrario, Fabio Savron, Giancarlo Coffaro, Luca Brugnaro, Roberta Amato, Andrea Wolfler, Linda S Franck
OBJECTIVES: Withdrawal syndrome is an adverse reaction of analgesic and sedative therapy, with a reported occurrence rate between 17% and 57% in critically ill children. Although some factors related to the development of withdrawal syndrome have been identified, there is weak evidence for the effectiveness of preventive and therapeutic strategies. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of withdrawal syndrome in Italian PICUs, using a validated instrument. We also analyzed differences in patient characteristics, analgesic and sedative treatment, and patients' outcome between patients with and without withdrawal syndrome...
February 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156465/experience-with-palliative-sedation-ps-in-an-inpatient-oncology-setting
#15
Diogo Bugano Diniz Gomes, Pedro Luiz Serrano Uson Junior, Patricia Taranto, Monique Sedlmaier Franca, Daniel Eiger, Rodrigo Coutinho Mariano, David Hui, Auro Del Giglio
: 63 Background: Palliative sedation (PS) is an intervention to treat refractory symptoms and to relieve suffering at the end of life. Its prevalence and practice patterns vary widely. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the use of PS in cancer patients who died at our comprehensive cancer center between March 1, 2012 and December 31, 2014. PS was defined as the use of continuous infusion of midazolam or neuroleptics for refractory symptoms as stated in the progress notes...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154278/near-fatal-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-middle-aged-woman
#16
Luca Foppiani, Bruno Massobrio, Christian Cascio, Giancarlo Antonucci
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious psychiatric disorder which typically occurs in young women; however, more and more cases in middle-aged women are being reported. The management of this complex disease requires a team approach, and full recovery occurs only in 50% of patients. Endocrine and metabolic complications are commonly observed, the latter of which may even be life-threatening, and require prompt and proper management. Infections, albeit reported, are not usually a major clinical problem in these patients...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148613/delirium-in-trauma-patients-prevalence-and-predictors
#17
Kathryn T Von Rueden, Breighanna Wallizer, Paul Thurman, Karen McQuillan, Tiffany Andrews, Jennifer Merenda, Heesook Son
BACKGROUND: Delirium is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, hospital costs, and postdischarge cognitive dysfunction. Most research focuses on nontrauma patients receiving mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and predictors of delirium in trauma patients residing in intensive and intermediate care units of an academic medical center. METHODS: Trauma patients were screened for delirium by using the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit...
February 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147435/developing-models-to-predict-early-postoperative-patient-deterioration-and-adverse-events
#18
Mitchell K Petersen Tym, Guy L Ludbrook, Arthas Flabouris, Richard Seglenieks, Thomas W Painter
BACKGROUND: Accurate identification of patients at risk of early postoperative deterioration allows needs-based allocation of patients to appropriate levels of care. This study aimed to record the incidence of early postoperative deterioration and identify factors predictive of at-risk patients. Doing so may assist future evidence-based perioperative planning and allocation of patients to high-acuity facilities. METHODS: With ethical approval, data from elective non-cardiac surgical patients were collected between May and August 2013...
February 1, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144686/-new-technical-developments-for-inhaled-sedation
#19
A Meiser, H Bomberg, T Volk, H V Groesdonk
The circle system has been in use for more than 100 years, whereas the first clinical application of an anaesthetic reflector was reported just 15 years ago. In the circle system, all breathing gas is rebreathed after carbon dioxide absorption. A reflector, on the other hand, with the breathing gas flowing to and fro, specifically retains the anaesthetic during expiration and resupplies it during the next inspiration. A high reflection efficiency (number of molecules resupplied/number of molecules exhaled, RE 80-90%) decreases consumption...
January 31, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141899/intravenous-midazolam-infusion-for-sedation-of-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#20
REVIEW
Eugene Ng, Anna Taddio, Arne Ohlsson
BACKGROUND: Proper sedation for neonates undergoing uncomfortable procedures may reduce stress and avoid complications. Midazolam is a short-acting benzodiazepine that is used increasingly in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). However, its effectiveness as a sedative in neonates has not been systematically evaluated. OBJECTIVES: Primary objeciveTo assess the effectiveness of intravenous midazolam infusion for sedation, as evaluated by behavioural and/or physiological measurements of sedation levels, in critically ill neonates in the NICU...
January 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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