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Gastrointestinal bleeding children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429903/causes-of-interruptions-in-postoperative-enteral-nutrition-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
Jirong Qi, Zhuo Li, Yueshuang Cun, Xiaonan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Perioperative nutritional support has become a hot topic in the clinical management of congenital heart disease (CHD). Postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) offers many benefits, such as protection of the intestinal mucosa, reduced risk of infection, and low clinical costs. Interruptions in EN frequently influence nutritional support and clinical outcomes. We, therefore, aimed to determine the causes of interruptions in postoperative EN in CHD patients and discuss clinical counter measures...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421109/bleeding-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-children-the-diagnostic-value-of-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#2
Lan-Lan Geng, Pei-Yu Chen, Qiang Wu, Hui-Wen Li, Ding-You Li, Min Yang, Si-Tang Gong
Background. Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) for bleeding MD in children. Methods. We included consecutive children who were highly suspected of MD between 2012 and 2013. All patients underwent Meckel's scan. DBE was performed for patient with negative Meckel's scan. An exploratory laparoscopy was performed in children with positive Meckel's scan or DBE...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407821/-association-between-platelet-activating-factor-acetylhydrolase-gene-polymorphisms-and-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#3
Bao-Xiang Wang, Hong Mei, Han-Ming Peng, Yuan Gao, Yan Ding
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ninth exon Val279Phe of platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) gene and gastrointestinal bleeding in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: A total 516 children with HSP were enrolled, among whom 182 had gastrointestinal bleeding and 334 had no gastrointestinal bleeding. PCR was used to investigate the distribution of genotypes and alleles in the SNPs of Val97Phe...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405538/henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-presenting-as-severe-gastrointestinal-and-renal-involvement-with-mixed-outcomes-in-an-adult-patient
#4
Raj Shah, Madhuri Ramakrishnan, Alexis Vollmar, Amanda Harrell, Richard Van Trump, Amgad Masoud
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is typically seen as a self-limiting disease in children, but can present more severely in adults, especially when there is renal involvement. Management of HSP in adults also remains a controversial topic with very few studies evaluating available therapies. In this case, HSP presenting as a combination of severe gastrointestinal involvement and a rapid decline in renal function in an adult patient directed our therapy. The patient was a 48-year-old Caucasian male with no known past medical history, who presented with a combination of purpuric rash over the lower extremities, severe abdominal pain with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and a rapidly increasing serum creatinine, with hematuria...
March 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386950/gastrointestinal-disorders-in-curry-jones-syndrome-clinical-and-molecular-insights-from-an-affected-newborn
#5
Kristen Wigby, Stephen R F Twigg, Ryan Broderick, Katherine P Davenport, Andrew O M Wilkie, Stephen W Bickler, Marilyn C Jones
Curry-Jones syndrome (CJS) is a pattern of malformation that includes craniosynostosis, pre-axial polysyndactyly, agenesis of the corpus callosum, cutaneous and gastrointestinal abnormalities. A recurrent, mosaic mutation of SMO (c.1234 C>T; p.Leu412Phe) causes CJS. This report describes the gastrointestinal and surgical findings in a baby with CJS who presented with abdominal obstruction and reviews the spectrum of gastrointestinal malformations in this rare disorder. A 41-week, 4,165 g, female presented with craniosynostosis, pre-axial polysyndactyly, and cutaneous findings consistent with a clinical diagnosis of CJS...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359587/optimizing-surgical-resection-of-the-bleeding-meckel-diverticulum-in-children
#6
Jamie R Robinson, Hernan Correa, Adam S Brinkman, Harold N Lovvorn
PURPOSE: Meckel diverticula containing gastric heterotopia predispose to local hyperacidity, mucosal ulceration, and gastrointestinal bleeding in children. Eradication of acid-producing oxyntic cells is performed by either of two surgical methods: segmental enterectomy including the diverticulum or diverticulectomy only. METHODS: Retrospective review of all children having surgical resection of a Meckel diverticulum at a tertiary-referral children's hospital from 2002 to 2016 was performed...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351429/corticosteroids-in-septic-shock-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#7
Ben Gibbison, José A López-López, Julian P T Higgins, Tom Miller, Gianni D Angelini, Stafford L Lightman, Djillali Annane
BACKGROUND: Multiple corticosteroids and treatment regimens have been used as adjuncts in the treatment of septic shock. Qualitative and quantitative differences exist at cellular and tissular levels between the different drugs and their patterns of delivery. The objective of this study was to elucidate any differences between the drugs and their treatment regimens regarding outcomes for corticosteroid use in adult patients with septic shock. METHODS: Network meta-analysis of the data used for the recently conducted Cochrane review was performed...
March 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331270/gastric-teratoma-presented-as-gastric-outlet-obstruction-and-melena-report-of-rare-case
#8
Punit K Srivastava, Richa Jaiman, Ajay N Gangopadhyay, Dinesh K Gupta
Gastric teratoma is a very rare tumor, accounting for less than 1 % of all teratomas in infants and children. Melena or upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding in newborns and infants is a rare event and is usually caused by a benign lesion. Gastric teratoma has been reported as a cause of gastrointestinal bleeding on a few occasions. As gastric teratomas generally present as a palpable abdominal mass, more aggressive solid masses of childhood must be excluded. We present intramural extension of gastric teratoma presented as symptom of gastric outlet obstruction and melena...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321162/mortality-associated-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Thomas M Attard, Mikaela Miller, Chaitanya Pant, Ashwath Kumar, Mike Thomson
AIM: To determine the clinical characteristics of children with gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) who died during the course of their admission. METHODS: We interrogated the Pediatric Hospital Information System database, including International Classification of Diseases, Current Procedural Terminology and Clinical Transaction Classification coding from 47 pediatric tertiary centers extracting the population of patients (1-21 years of age) admitted (inpatient or observation) with acute, upper or indeterminate GIB (1/2007-9/2015)...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296755/inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-burden-in-pediatrics-case-series-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Simona Mocanu, Maria Oana Mărginean
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic condition of the gastrointestinal tract, comprising mainly Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Both of them are frequently encountered in children, being multifactorial conditions, with an unclear etiology. PATIENTS CONCERNS: We present 4 cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children in order to underline the variable evolution depending on the patient's particularities. DIAGNOSIS, INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: The first case, a 13-year-old male patient, with a history of Henoch-Schonlein purpura, was admitted for rectal bleeding and weight loss, with normal laboratory parameters...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293079/pediatric-gastrointestinal-bleeding-perspectives-from-the-italian-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology
#11
REVIEW
Claudio Romano, Salvatore Oliva, Stefano Martellossi, Erasmo Miele, Serena Arrigo, Maria Giovanna Graziani, Sabrina Cardile, Federica Gaiani, Gian Luigi de'Angelis, Filippo Torroni
There are many causes of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in children, and this condition is not rare, having a reported incidence of 6.4%. Causes vary with age, but show considerable overlap; moreover, while many of the causes in the pediatric population are similar to those in adults, some lesions are unique to children. The diagnostic approach for pediatric GIB includes definition of the etiology, localization of the bleeding site and determination of the severity of bleeding; timely and accurate diagnosis is necessary to reduce morbidity and mortality...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289881/modified-biliary-enteric-anastomosis-for-congenital-choledochal-cyst-clinical-and-prognostic-analysis-of-91-cases
#12
Ji Chen, Bin Jiang, Jun Yi, Lei Huang, Xinmin Si
PURPOSE: To report our experience with a modified biliary-enteric anastomosis procedure for the surgical treatment of congenital choledochal cysts. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2013, 91 children (19 boys, 72 girls; ages, 6-145 months) with congenital choledochal cysts were treated with our modified surgical procedure in our hospital. Of these patients, 69 had type I cysts, and 22 had type IV B cysts. The main parameters analyzed mainly included the operative time, duration of bowel recovery, resumption of diet, postoperative hospital stay, liver-function tests, postoperative complications, and prognosis...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285288/hemosuccus-pancreaticus
#13
Sumathi Bavanandam, Nirmala Dheivamani
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal bleeding in children has diverse etiologies. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: Two children (age 3y and 7y) with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding. Computed tomography demonstrated features of chronic pancreatitis but no vessel abnormality. Conventional angiography revealed bleeding from gastroduodenal artery in both cases. OUTCOME: Coil embolization of gastroduodenal vessels was performed, and there was no recurrence of bleeding...
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276537/recombinant-von-willebrand-factor-a-first-of-its-kind-product-for-von-willebrand-disease
#14
M Singal, P A Kouides
von Willebrand disease (VWD) is caused by quantitative or qualitative defects in von Willebrand factor (VWF). The mainstay of therapy is desmopressin, which is, however, not useful in certain forms of VWD notwithstanding adverse events. For these patients, plasma-derived factor VIII (pdFVIII)/VWF concentrates have been available for close to three decades but have a theoretical risk of disease transmission, hypersensitivity/allergic reactions, inhibitors and thrombosis. A recombinant VWF (vonicog alfa, Vonvendi™; manufactured by Baxalta, now part of Shire) was approved by the U...
December 2016: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255432/response-to-treatment-and-adverse-events-associated-with-use-of-recombinant-activated-factor-vii-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
James D Cooper, Arthur K Ritchey
BACKGROUND: Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is United States (US) Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved for patients with hemophilia with inhibitors or congenital factor VII deficiency. Initial reports of off-label use highlighted its efficacy, though newer reports have not repeated these findings. In both types of publication, though, secondary thromboses have been seen in adult patients. The data in children are less clear. METHODS: This study analyzed all rFVIIa use at a large children's hospital for characteristics and outcomes...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237379/readmission-after-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Thomas M Attard, Mikaela Miller, Chaitanya Pant, Mike Thomson
INTRODUCTION: To compare the demographic, clinical, and therapeutic characteristics in a cohort of patients discharged following acute gastrointestinal bleeding, representing to the emergency department (ED) and readmitted within 30 days of discharge with the characteristics of non-readmitted patients. STUDY DESIGN: Hospitalization data was obtained from the Pediatric Hospital Information System including 49 tertiary children's hospitals in the US. Children 1-21 years of age diagnosed with acute gastrointestinal bleeding, admitted between January 2007 and September 2015 were included...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203340/the-relationship-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-henoch-schonlein-purpura
#17
Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Meltem Erol, Hikmet Tekin Nacaroglu
OBJECTIVES: Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP) is the most widespread systemic vasculitis during childhood. Gastrointestinal tract retention and gastrointestinal bleeding are among its major complications. Neutrophil-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are indicators related to inflammatory diseases. This study evaluated the relationship between NLR or PLR and gastrointestinal bleeding in HSP. METHODS: The study consisted of 119 patients and 40 healthy children in the same age group...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166080/stress-induced-gastric-ulcers-presenting-as-massive-rectal-bleeding-in-a-newborn
#18
A Joshi, P S Shrestha, S Dangol, N C Shrestha, P Poudyal, A Shrestha A
Severe gastrointestinal bleeding in newborn period is a serious but uncommon phenomenon that has a broad differential diagnosis. Primary duodenal ulcers are rare in children but stress induced ulceration in stomach occurs more often in neonatal period due to birth asphyxia, prolonged labour, cesarean deliveries, instrumentations, respiratory distress syndrome and sepsis. These present as acute onset of gastrointestinal bleeding commonly as altered gastric aspirate, hematemesis or malena. We report a case of a neonate with stress induced gastric bleeding following birth asphyxia who presented with massive gastrointestinal bleed manifesting as hematemesis and massive rectal bleeding...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099341/laparoscopic-distal-splenoadrenal-shunt-for-the-treatment-of-portal-hypertension-in-children-with-congenital-hepatic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#19
Jin-Shan Zhang, Wei Cheng, Long Li
BACKGROUND: The distal splenorenal shunt is an effective procedure for the treatment of portal hypertension in children. However, there has been no report about laparoscopic distal splenorenal shunt in the treatment of portal hypertension in children. METHODS: From December 2015 to August 2016, 4 children with upper gastrointestinal bleeding underwent laparoscopic distal splenoadrenal shunt. Portal hypertension and splenomegaly were demonstrated on the preoperative computed tomography (CT) and sonography...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079234/evaluation-of-endoscopic-secondary-prophylaxis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-esophageal-varices
#20
Júlio Rocha Pimenta, Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira, Eleonora Druve Tavares Fagundes, Paulo Fernando Souto Bittencourt, Alice Mendes Moura, Simone Diniz Carvalho
BACKGROUND: - Bleeding of esophageal varices is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults with portal hypertension and there are few studies involving secondary prophylaxis in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: - To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic secondary prophylaxis in prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children and adolescents with esophageal varices. METHODS: - This is a prospective analysis of 85 patients less than 18 years of age with or without cirrhosis, with portal hypertension...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
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