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Hematemesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046107/determinants-of-endotracheal-intubation-in-critically-ill-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-under-conscious-sedation
#1
Nathan J Smischney, Mohamed O Seisa, Mukesh Kumar, Jillian Deangelis, Darrell R Schroeder, Daniel A Diedrich
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to determine the factors leading to prophylactic endotracheal intubation in intensive care unit (ICU) patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. Secondary aims were to determine the rate of unplanned endotracheal intubations during endoscopy and to determine the rate of aspiration following endoscopy for patients admitted to the ICU. METHODS: Critically ill adult (≥18 years) patients who underwent upper and lower endoscopic procedures from January 2012 to July 2016 in a medical/surgical ICU were included...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038738/a-case-of-infective-endocarditis-and-spinal-epidural-abscess-caused-by-streptococcus-mitis-bacteremia
#2
Victoria S Byrd, Attila S Nemeth
A 57-year-old man presented with abdominal pain, hematemesis, and melena. He reported taking high-dose ibuprofen for back pain and drinking several 24-ounce beers daily. Examination was remarkable for icteric sclera, poor dentition, tachycardia, and crescendo-decrescendo murmur at right upper sternal border, radiating to the carotids. Labs revealed leukocytosis, anemia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated liver function tests and INR. Endoscopy demonstrated antral ulcers, duodenitis, and esophagitis. Blood cultures were obtained and broad-spectrum antibiotics started; cultures later grew Streptococcus mitis, and antibiotic coverage was narrowed...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038676/adult-onset-henoch-schonlein-purpura-duodenitis
#3
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Mel A Ona, Charilaos Papafragkakis, Madhavi Reddy
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an immune-mediated vasculitis. HSP presents with purple spots on the skin (purpura), arthralgia, digestive problems, and kidney injury. HSP is most commonly seen in children, and rarely presents in adults. The pathogenesis involves the deposition of immune complexes in small to medium size blood vessels which leads to necrosis and inflammation. Most patients recover after symptomatic treatment, while more severe cases are treated with steroids. We report a 28-year-old female patient who presented with two episodes of hematemesis, worsening abdominal pain, and bloody diarrhea...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037954/-hematemesis-as-debut-of-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-in-infants
#4
María Soriano-Ramos, Enrique Salcedo Lobato, Yolanda Rodríguez Gil, Enrique Medina Benítez, Pedro Urruzuno Tellería
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025407/severe-anemia-due-to-pharyngeal-leech-infestation-a%C3%A2-case-report-from-ethiopia
#5
Nebiyu Shitaye, Segenet Shibabaw
BACKGROUND: Leeches are rare blood-sucking endoparasites. Swimming in streams and ponds as well as drinking contaminated water are the major ways to acquire leeches. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6 year old boy who came with a history of hematemesis, frequent spitting of blood stained saliva, fatigue and anorexia to a rural hospital in Ethiopia. This was a rare case of severe anemia caused by a single leech infestation of laryngopharynx that required blood transfusion. CONCLUSION: Leech infestation should be considered as a source of unexplained hematemesis, spitting of blood and severe anemia in rural areas...
October 12, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989913/efficacy-comparison-of-divided-and-infusion-intravenous-pantoprazole-methods-after-endoscopic-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#6
Amin Motiei, Vahid Sebghatolahi
BACKGROUND: Intravenous pantoprazole administration in patients with severe bleeding under urgent endoscopic therapy is effective. Furthermore, its infusion dose is useful to control bleeding; however, it is not economical. In this study, clinical outcomes and intravenous infusion of pantoprazole after endoscopic therapy plus efficacy of infusion dosage and divided doses are compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, comparative study conducted on 18 adult (>18 years) patients referred to Al Zahra Hospital for hematemesis and melena bleeding who underwent endoscopic treatment with pantoprazole which divided into two groups of forty patients...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979830/a-case-of-munchausen-syndrome-presenting-with-hematemesis-a-case-report
#7
Muhammad Aadil, Aniqa Faraz, Muhammad Jahanzaib Anwar, Maria Shoaib, Usama Nasir, Anum Akhlaq
Munchausen syndrome (MS) was first reported in 1951 by Richard Alan John Asher as a factitious disorder. It is a condition in which the patient intentionally produces symptoms to assume a sick role and gain medical attention. Underdiagnosis of this disorder results in the unnecessary use of medical resources, i.e. unnecessary medical tests and evaluations. This makes it one of the most challenging diagnosis in any medical set up. We present this rare case of a patient with chronic factitious disorder who presented to the emergency with hematemesis...
June 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969728/gastroduodenal-artery-pseudoaneurysm-and-aberrant-right-hepatic-artery
#8
Ateeque Ahmed Khan, Mahnoor Hafeez
We present a case of 36-year male patient who was referred to the Civil Hospital, Karachi with intermittent abdominal pain and vomiting for the last 2 years. The contrast enhanced CTexamination revealed changes of acute pancreatitis, CTSI 4/10, pancreatic calcifications along with 22x17 mm partially thrombosed pseudoaneurysm of gastroduodenal artery. The aberrant right hepatic artery was incidentally seen, on the arterial phase acquisition, arising directly from abdominal aorta. Gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943549/extramedullary-gastric-relapse-at-the-time-of-bone-marrow-relapse-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-after-allogeneic-bone-marrow-transplantation
#9
Kazuhiko Ikeuchi, Noriko Doki, Akinari Takao, Tsunekazu Hishima, Yuta Yamada, Tatsuya Konishi, Akihito Nagata, Toshiaki Takezaki, Satoshi Kaito, Shuhei Kurosawa, Masahiro Sakaguchi, Kaito Harada, Shunichiro Yasuda, Kosuke Yoshioka, Kyoko Watakabe-Inamoto, Aiko Igarashi, Yuho Najima, Hideharu Muto, Takeshi Kobayashi, Kazuhiko Kakihana, Hisashi Sakamaki, Kazuteru Ohashi
Extramedullary relapse (EMR) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is relatively rare. The most commonly reported sites in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients after allo-HSCT are soft tissue and the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system is an uncommon site. We herein report a unique case with massive hematemesis resulting from gastrointestinal relapse of ALL after allo-HSCT. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed bleeding from a 1.5-cm submucosal tumorous lesion with central ulceration on the anterior wall of the stomach...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935445/-usefulness-of-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#10
Chloé Leandri, Benoit Bordacahar, Sophie Ribiere, Ammar Oudjit, Marie-Anne Guillaumot, Bertrand Brieau, Frédéric Prat, Vered Abitbol, Stanislas Chaussade, Romain Coriat
In France, upper gastrointestinal haemorrhages have an estimated annual incidence of 143 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Classically, two types of digestive hemorrhage are described: acute and chronic digestive hemorrhages. Upper endoscopy is carried out in case of hematemesis or melena. It requires that the patient has been fasting for at least 6hours for solids and 3hours for liquids. The main etiologies of hemorrhagic hemorrhage of the origin are the vascular abnormalities, inflammatory or drug-induced ulcerations, intestinal tumors, Meckel's diverticulum, and Dieulafoy ulcer...
September 18, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913339/ulcerative-gastritis-and-esophagitis-in-two-children-with-sarcina-ventriculi-infection
#11
Tim G J de Meij, Michiel P van Wijk, Aart Mookhoek, Andries E Budding
Sarcina ventriculi is a Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic coccus, with a characteristic morphology. Only 22 cases of human infections by this microorganism, including 7 in children, have been reported in literature so far. Affected subjects usually present with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and delayed gastric emptying. However, life-threatening complications, like emphysematous gastritis and gastric perforation have also been described. Gastroparesis and gastric outlet obstruction have been considered as a potential etiologic factor...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906357/ercp-related-complication-is-not-the-only-cause-of-gi-bleeding-in-post-liver-transplantation-patients-a-case-report
#12
Zhen Ding, Xue-Lian Tang, Rong Lin, Chaoqun Han, Jun Liu
RATIONALE: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the treatment of choice for biliary complications in liver transplantation (LT) recipients as it is both diagnostic and therapeutic. The specific risks following ERCP among LT recipients have not been well studied. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 56-year-old man with a history of orthotopic LT underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) as a treatment of biliary strictures, whereby a plastic stent was implanted...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905643/hematemesis-in-a-5-month-old-girl-a-tale-of-double-whammy
#13
Dustin Gulizia, Nujeen Zibari, Monaliza Evangelista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900996/-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-gastric-hepatoid-adenocarcinoma
#14
Rongfei Zhao, Xinxin Wang, Xin Lan, Mingsen Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of gastric hepatoid adenocarcinoma(HAS). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinicopathological data of 24 cases with gastric HAS diagnosed by surgery and pathology in Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2013 to May 2016 were carried out. All the patients underwent preoperative serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), endoscopy and imaging examination (CT or B-mode ultrasonography), and those with elevated AFP were excluded from liver cancer, cirrhosis, endodermal sinus tumor and other diseases...
September 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894616/esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-presenting-with-streptococcus-intermedius-cerebral-abscess
#15
Rabih Nayfe, Mustafa S Ascha, Esther H Rehmus
BACKGROUND: Cerebral abscess is caused by inoculation of an organism into the brain parenchyma from a site distant from the central nervous system. Streptococcus intermedius (S. intermedius) is a commensal organism that is normally present in the aerodigestive tract and was reported to be the cause of brain abscesses after esophageal dilatation or upper endoscopy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with hematemesis and melena followed by left-sided weakness...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883708/rarity-among-benign-gastric-tumors-plexiform-fibromyxoma-report-of-two-cases
#16
Kinga Szurian, Holger Till, Eva Amerstorfer, Nicole Hinteregger, Hans-Jörg Mischinger, Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger, Iva Brcic
Plexiform fibromyxoma is a very rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach, found almost exclusively in the antrum/pylorus region. The most common presenting symptoms are anemia, hematemesis, nausea and unintentional weight loss, without sex or age predilection. We describe here two cases of plexiform fibromyxoma, involving a 16-year-old female and a 34-year-old male. Both patients underwent complete resection (R0) by distal gastrectomy and retrocolic gastrojejunostomy (according to Billroth 2); for both, the postoperative course was uneventful...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883247/hepatic-and-gastric-involvement-in-a-case-of-systemic-sarcoidosis-presenting-with-rupture-of-esophageal-varices
#17
Hiroaki Saito, Masayasu Ohmori, Masaya Iwamuro, Takehiro Tanaka, Nozomu Wada, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Akinobu Takaki, Hiroyuki Okada
A 46-year-old woman presented with massive hematemesis, caused by the rupture of esophageal varices. The laboratory investigations showed pancytopenia, and imaging tests revealed hepatosplenomegaly and ascites. A diagnosis of systemic sarcoidosis was made based on biopsies of the liver, stomach, lungs, heart, and skin. Although fat deposition was predominant, non-caseating granuloma and cirrhotic changes were found in the liver. Non-caseating granuloma was also identified in a biopsy specimen from minute depressions of the gastric folds...
October 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882970/management-of-a-fulminant-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-exteriorized-through-hemobilia-due-to-arteriobiliary-fistula-between-the-common-bile-duct-and-a-right-hepatic-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report
#18
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Iulian Brezean, Claudiu Anghel, Ion Barbu, Mihai Pautov, Irina Balescu, Vladislav Brasoveanu
Right hepatic artery aneurysms are rare events that might remain asymptomatic for a long period of time. However, in cases presenting large lesions, symptoms might develop especially due to the association of compression of the surrounding elements. Most often these symptoms and signs include diffuse abdominal pain, jaundice or portal vein compression signs. In rare cases life-threatening complications might develop due to the aneurysmal erosion of the biliary duct, portal vein or due to the aneurysmal rupture in the peritoneal cavity...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879210/gastroduodenal-artery-psuedoaneurysm-bleed-through-a-spontaneous-pancreaticoduodenal-fistula-as-a-result-of-acute-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#19
Sherman Picardo, Kenji So, Suresh Navadgi
Spontaneous pancreaticoduodenal fistulization and arterial psuedoaneurysm formation are both complications of acute pancreatitis. We present a 27-year-old man with hematemesis who was found to be bleeding from a gastroduodenal artery psuedoaneurysm through a spontaneous pancreaticoduodenal fistula as a result of severe alcohol-related necrotizing pancreatitis. This is the first reported case in the literature to describe this occurrence.
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835092/management-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-site-gastric-ulcer-in-a-patient-with-an-esophageal-stricture-and-hiatus-hernia
#20
Clement C H Wu, James W Li, Keng Sin Ng, Daphne S Ang
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is commonly performed for feeding difficulties, in patients suffering from complications of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and its treatment, namely radiotherapy and surgery. This case report describes the challenges in hemostasis and subsequent re-establishment of enteral access for feeding, in an elderly patient with a history of NPC, treated surgically, followed by radiotherapy, who presented with massive hematemesis following reinsertion of her PEG shortly after an accidental dislodgement...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
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