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Mesenteric lymphadenitis

F Zarei Kordshouli, A Khodakaram Tafti, M Haghkhah
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Johne's disease, also called paratuberculosis, is a very important chronic infectious disease of ruminants worldwide. The causative agent is an acid-fast bacterium, Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP). Finding a precise method for detecting MAP is essential for the control and eradication of this disease in small ruminant herds. METHODS: In this study, appropriate samples were obtained from the ileum, cecum, colon, and mesenteric lymph nodes of 10 suspected naturally infected goats...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Itai Gross, Yael Siedner-Weintraub, Shir Stibbe, David Rekhtman, Daniel Weiss, Natalia Simanovsky, Dan Arbell, Saar Hashavya
: Mesenteric lymphadenitis (ML) is considered as one of the most common alternative diagnosis in a child with suspected acute appendicitis (AA). In this retrospective study, patients diagnosed with ML (n = 99) were compared in terms of demographic, clinical, and laboratory findings to patients diagnosed with AA (n = 102). This comparison was applied for both lymph nodes smaller and larger than 10 mm. When compared to patients with AA, patients with ML had significantly longer duration of symptoms prior to emergency department (ED) presentation (2...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
Astra Zviedre, Arnis Engelis, Peteris Tretjakovs, Antra Jurka, Irisa Zile, Aigars Petersons
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic role of serum cytokines depends on the etiology and pathogenesis of acute appendicitis (AA) and acute mesenteric lymphadenitis (AML). The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in cytokine levels between AA and AML. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 7- to 18-year-old children were collected prospectively from October 2010 to October 2013. There were 31 patients with AA (AA group), 26 with AML (AML group), and 17 with elective non-inflammatory surgical disease (control group)...
2016: Medicina
S Salavati Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic purulent mesenteric lymphadenitis or lymph node abscessation, even though rare in dogs, are important diseases in which rapid diagnosis and treatment is critical. This study aimed to characterise the typical features of these conditions in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Archived records from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively evaluated for the occurrence of idiopathic purulent mesenteric lymphadenitis or lymph node abscesses in dogs. History, physical and clinicopathological abnormalities, diagnostic tests performed, treatment and outcome were reviewed...
December 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Guilherme Guerra Neto, Marina Galvão Bueno, Rodrigo Otavio Silveira Silva, Francisco Carlos Faria Lobato, Juliana Plácido Guimarães, Gregory D Bossart, Miriam Marmontel
On 25 January 2014, a 1 mo old female Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis calf weighing 12 kg was rescued by air transport in Guajará, Brazil, and transferred to Mamirauá Institute's Community-based Amazonian Manatee Rehabilitation Center. The calf presented piercing/cutting lesions on the back, neck, and head, in addition to dehydration and intermittent involuntary buoyancy. X-ray analysis revealed a large amount of gases in the gastrointestinal tract. Daily procedures included wound cleaning and dressing, clinical and laboratory monitoring, treatment for intestinal tympanism, and artificial feeding...
August 9, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Hirohiko Kamiyama, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Koichiro Niwa, Shun Ishiyama, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima, Michitoshi Goto, Yuichi Tomiki, Itsuko Nakamichi, Shiaki Oh, Kenji Suzuki
Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is a credible diagnostic modality for detecting primary and metastatic malignancy. PET/CT sometimes shows false positives and negatives, which make clinical diagnosis difficult. A 42-year-old man who had undergone right upper lobectomy for lung cancer 1 year previously had PET/CT for a metastatic survey of the lung. The lung cancer was stage IB (pT2N0M0) bronchioloalveolar carcinoma. PET/CT showed massive (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the mesenteric lymph nodes...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Nabila Talat, Muhammad Afzal, Sarfraz Ahmad, Naima Rasool, Arsalan Raza Wasti, Muhammad Saleem
BACKGROUND: Chronic abdominal Pain in children is a very common cause of hospital admission. Many of them are discharged without a diagnosis even after battery of investigations. Laparoscopy plays a significant role in diagnosis and management of many causes of acute and chronic abdominal pain. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of laparoscopy as an efficient diagnostic and management tool in children with chronic abdominal pain. METHODS: A descriptive, prospective case series was collected in the department of Paediatric surgery Mayo's Hospital Lahore, over the period of 5 years between Jan 2007-Dec 2013...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Ana Karina Bartmann, Victor César de P S do Nascimento, Lucas L M da Silva, Denise Fabri R E Mello, Jessica R Gualberto, Daniela M Bertoncelo, Karla Verônica S Millani, Isabele G Sanchez
Mesenteric lymphadenitis is a clinical condition that affects mostly children and teenagers. Its symptoms include fever, severe abdominal pain, nausea, and, in some cases, diarrhea, constipation, and acute abdomen. This paper describes the case of a 16-year-old patient with mesenteric lymphadenitis submitted to an exploratory laparoscopy for suppurative lymph nodes that evolved to a drastic reduction of ovarian reserve. Because of the patients age, she was offered cryopreservation of her ovarian tissue.
March 1, 2016: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
G Farjanikish, H Shokrani
Linguatula serrata is a cosmopolitan zoonotic parasite. Its adult form inhabit the nasal and respiratory passages of canids as the definitive hosts while its immature stages localize in the mesenteric lymph nodes or in other organs of herbivorous intermediate hosts. We examined the liver, mesenteric, and mediastinal lymph nodes of 272 camels slaughtered at the slaughterhouse of Yazd, Iran. Forty-one out of 272 camels (15.1 %) were infected with nymphs of L. serrata. Twenty-four out of 166 males (14.45 %) and 17 out of 106 females (16 %) were positive...
August 2016: Parasitology Research
A C Matos, S Andrade, L Figueira, M Matos, M A Pires, A C Coelho, M L Pinto
Several studies have demonstrated that wildlife reservoirs of mycobacteria are responsible for the maintenance and spreading of the infection to livestock and wildlife counterparts. Recent data report the role of wild boar (Sus scrofa) as a reservoir for Mycobacterium bovis. This study was conducted to evaluate the chronic inflammatory response in the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) of wild boar with granulomatous lymphadenitis (n=30). Morphological parameters of the lesions were recorded. The expression of CD3 and CD79α molecules was evaluated by immunohistochemistry...
May 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
F La Rosa, M G Scuderi, V Taranto, V La Rosa, C M Spinello, G La Camera, M Astuto
The intussusception is one of the most frequent causes of occlusive syndrome in infants and in children. (1) The mesenteric lymphadenopathy, wich is very rare post rotavirus vaccination, can cause intussusception, (2-5) especially in genetically predisposed individuals. (6) There is an association between intussusception and some classes of genotype. (7-9) Two infants aged 3 months, vaccinated against rotavirus. After about a week, one of the 2 identical infants presented inconsolable crying, vomiting, loose stools mixed with blood, and was diagnosed with bowel obstruction with intussusception...
September 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Sarvan Kumar, K K Jakhar, Vikas Nehra, Madan Pal
AIM: The present study was envisaged to elucidate the pathomorphological and microbiological aspects of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorders of sheep/lambs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples for research were collected from 12 sheep died with a history of GIT disorders which were brought for post-mortem examination to the Department of Veterinary Pathology, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, for pathomorphological and microbiological examination...
August 2015: Veterinary World
Natsumi Uehara, Takao Yano, Akira Ishihara, Masayuki Saijou, Tadaki Suzuki
UNLABELLED: As of June 2014, among six patients who had severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) at our hospital, an 83-year-old man died despite receiving appropriate critical care. An autopsy revealed extensive ischemic damage of the intra-abdominal organs, including the liver, spleen, stomach and gut, due to severe celiac atherosclerotic stenosis and superior mesenteric arterial thrombosis. Many SFTS virus nucleoprotein antigen-immunoreactive cells were detected in a paraaortic node, where necrotizing lymphadenitis was seen, and in the spleen...
2016: Internal Medicine
Juan A García, Juan F Micheloud, Carlos M Campero, Eleonora L Morrell, Ernesto R Odriozola, Ana R Moreira
An outbreak of enteric listeriosis in steers that were fed spoiled silage is reported. The outbreak started 2 days after ~200 animals in a single paddock were given a supplement of spoiled silage. Forty animals (20%) were affected, and 13 (6.5%) died over a period of 10 days. Affected animals were recumbent, depressed, and had diarrhea with mucus and fibrin. Gross and microscopic findings in 3 animals that were subjected to autopsy included excess peritoneal fluid, congestion and edema of abomasum, suppurative enteritis and colitis, and suppurative mesenteric lymphadenitis...
January 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Justyna Zińczuk, Piotr Wojskowicz, Joanna Kiśluk, Dawid Fil, Andrzej Kemona, Jacek Dadan
Yersiniosis is an acute or chronic, zoonotic disease caused by infection of Gram-negative rods Yersinia enterocolitica. It can be transmitted by the consumption of originally contaminated food products (pork, unpasteurized milk) or secondarily contaminated with animal or vegetable products. The clinical picture of infection may have a variable course is related to the age and physical condition of the patient, or pathogenic properties of microorganisms. Infection caused by Y. enterocolitica can occur in different clinical forms: food poisoning, colitis, mesentric lymphadenitis, erythema nodosum, arthritis, pharyngitis, pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis...
2015: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
A Priya Margaret, P John Solomon, Harita Lohith
A rare case of typhoid presenting with thrombocytopenia, hyponatremia, ascites mesenteric adenitis, and multi-drug resistance is being presented in this article. An 8-year-old girl was admitted with a history of fever, vomiting, abdominal pain and loose stools. Clinical examination revealed fever and hepatosplenomegaly. Investigations showed leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and hyponatremia. Blood Widal was positive, and blood culture grew Salmonella typhi. Ultrasound abdomen revealed ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, mesenteric lymphadenopathy and thickening of the gall bladder...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Young Bum Cho, Min Su Chu, Han Seung Ryu, Suck Chei Choi, Geom Seog Seo
Paradoxical reaction during antituberculosis therapy is defined as aggravation of preexisting tuberculous lesions or the development of new lesions. A 24-year-old female college student diagnosed with abdominal and pulmonary tuberculosis presented with fever and abdominal pain after having been treated with antituberculosis agents for 4 months. Tuberculous mesenteric lymphadenitis was suspected on abdominal CT scan and enlarged necrotic abscess was also present. These findings were considered to be due to paradoxical reaction rather than treatment failure during antituberculosis treatment...
May 2015: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Anshum Aneja, Uma Maheswari K, Gayathri Devi H J, Shamim Sheikh
Lymphadenopathy can be caused by localized and systemic diseases. While viral and bacterial infections commonly cause lymphadenitis in young adults, tuberculosis (TB) is a common cause for lymphadenopathy in endemic areas. Besides, lymphadenopathy may be a presenting manifestation of malignancy, systemic disorders and some rare diseases. Thus, relevant evaluation and exclusion of commoner causes is important to clinch the diagnosis. Histopathological examination is mandatory in such patients. We hereby report the case of a young adult male who presented with low-grade fever and abdominal pain with cervical and mesenteric lymphadenopathy in a TB endemic region, but was proved to have atypical presentation of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, which is a rare but benign cause of lymphadenopathy...
November 2014: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Alison D Sheridan, Lauren Ehrlich, Raffaella A Morotti, T Robin Goodman
The viral etiology of mesenteric lymphadenitis may also affect the lymphoid tissue of the appendix in children giving rise to symptomatic appendiceal lymphoid hyperplasia, the so-called "pink appendix." The present study used ultrasound (US) to determine if certain sonographic features correlated with appendiceal pathological findings. Our results indicate that a fluid-filled appendix always correlates with a suppurative or mixed pathological appearance that likely merits surgery. A lymphoid predominant pathological appearance occurred only in cases where appendiceal wall thickening alone was seen on US...
June 2015: Ultrasound Quarterly
Javier E Sarradell, Julio Alvarez, Mariana Biscia, Martin Zumarraga, Arno Wunschmann, Anibal G Armien, Andres M Perez
A 2-year-old dappled Percheron horse had a wasting condition that did not respond to antibiotic treatments and ultimately resulted in death. Thickening of the wall of the large colon and enlargement of the mesenteric lymph nodes were observed at postmortem examination, along with the presence of pinpoint whitish foci in the liver. Microscopic examination of affected tissues revealed diffuse chronic granulomatous enterocolitis, granulomatous mesenteric lymphadenitis, and multifocal granulomatous hepatitis. The DNA extracted from paraffin-embedded intestinal and lymph node samples was analyzed using both a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and PCR-restriction endonuclease analysis and demonstrated the presence of Mycobacterium bovis...
March 2015: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
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