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endometriosis ovary tumours

Vincenzo Dario Mandato, Federica Torricelli, Valentina Mastrofilippo, Riccardo Valli, Lorenzo Aguzzoli, Giovanni Battista La Sala
BACKGROUND: Extra-uterine mullerian adenosarcomas have varying biological behaviours depending on the presence of endometriosis or sarcomatous overgrowth. These behaviours manifest according to the tumours' histological characteristics and sites of origin. The best treatment and oncologic outcome have not been clarified because only a few cases of extra-uterine and extra-ovarian adenosarcoma have been described in the literature. Here, we report a case of primary peritoneal adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth and review all reported cases of adenosarcomas arising outside of the uterus and outside the ovaries to identify the best treatment options and clarify outcomes...
February 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
Xavier Matias-Guiu, Colin J R Stewart
This article reviews the most relevant pathological and molecular features of ovarian tumours that are associated with endometriosis. Endometriosis is a common condition, affecting 5-15% of all women, and it has been estimated that 0.5-1% of cases are complicated by neoplasia. The most common malignant tumours in this setting are endometrioid adenocarcinoma and clear cell adenocarcinoma, each accounting for approximately 10% of ovarian carcinomas in Western countries. A minority of cases are associated with Lynch syndrome...
February 2018: Pathology
Sandhya Ilanthodi, Vishwanath Meghashree, Muktha Ramesh Pai
Endometrioid Stromal Sarcoma (ESS) is an uncommon tumour that occurs in women over wide age range of 11 years to 76 years accounting for only 0.2% of all uterine malignancies and for 15%-26% of primary uterine sarcomas. These tumours arising from ovary are extremely rare. Most of them are associated with nulliparous or perimenopausal women. It is commonly associated with endometriosis of the ovary. Here we present this rare case to emphasize on the uniqueness and histomorphology of ovarian ESS in patients with endometriosis...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
F Limaiem, S Bouraoui, S Bouslama, A Lahmar, S Mzabi
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy luteoma is a distinctive non-neoplastic hormone dependent lesion arising in pregnancy and mimicking an ovarian tumour. Fewer than 200 cases have been described in the English-language literature. Its clinical and morphological features are characteristic and must be considered in order to prevent diagnostic misinterpretation. To the best of our knowledge the association of pregnancy luteoma with endometriosis has not been reported in literature to date. CASE REPORT: A 30-year-old pregnant woman with no particular past medical history, consulted her gynaecologist at 17 weeks gestation for routine check-up...
September 2016: Pathologica
Antonio D'Antonio, Carlo Baldi, Maria Addesso, Carmine Napolitano
Multicystic mesothelioma (MM) is a relatively rare tumour arising in the pelvic peritoneum of the tuboovarian region of young woman. Exceptionally, MM occurs on the serosal surfaces of various organs including kidney, bladder, lymph nodes, and liver. We report here the first case of MM wherein a 58-year-old woman with a previous history of endometriosis of the right ovary presented with a large multicystic mass of the spleen. The diagnosis of MM was made on a surgical specimen after splenectomy. A histopathologic examination is always necessary for the diagnosis of MM which should be differentiated from other lesions particularly from cystic lymphangioma...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Robert J Kurman, Ie-Ming Shih
The recent 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumours of the Female Reproductive Organs introduced a new category of ovarian neoplasm designated "seromucinous tumours". The recognition of this distinctive group of tumors is an important addition to the classification but the term "seromucinous" has serious flaws that obscures the nature of these neoplasms. Morphologically, seromucinous tumors in addition to serous and endocervical-type mucinous epithelium, contain endometrioid, indifferent and squamous type epithelium...
January 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Laura Gutiérrez-Palomino, José María Romo-de Los Reyes, María Jesús Pareja-Megía, José Antonio García-Mejido
BACKGROUND: Synchronous multiple primary malignancies in the female genital tract are infrequent. From 50 to 70% of them corresponds to synchronous cancers of the endometrium and ovary. To our knowledge, this is only the third case report in the international literature of three concurrent gynaecological cancers of epithelial origin. A case is presented, as well as a literature review due to the infrequency of its diagnosis and the lack of information on the subject. CLINICAL CASE: A 49-year-old woman, with previous gynaecological history of ovarian endometriosis...
January 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Jennifer Taylor, W Glenn McCluggage
Seromucinous neoplasms are a new category of ovarian epithelial tumor in the revised World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of the Female Reproductive Organs. Borderline variants are well described, but there have been few reports of seromucinous carcinomas. We report the clinicopathologic features in 19 cases of ovarian seromucinous carcinoma in patients aged 16 to 79 years (mean 47). In 16 cases, the neoplasm was unilateral and in 3 cases bilateral. The tumors ranged in size from 1.8 to 18 cm (mean 10...
July 2015: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Maise Al Bakir, Hani Gabra
INTRODUCTION: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a heterogeneous condition with poor survival outcomes. The genetics of hereditary and sporadic ovarian cancers will be covered and its implications to management and future research are discussed. SOURCES OF DATA: Key recent published literature. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Both genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of EOC. Most EOCs develop sporadically and are divided into low-grade/genetically stable type I tumours and high-grade/genetically unstable type II tumours...
December 2014: British Medical Bulletin
Sarah Shepard, John Cooper
UNLABELLED: : There is an increasing awareness that malignant transformation of endometriosis is an uncommon but distinct entity. We review one such case of a clear cell carcinoma arising within an endometrioma of a rectus sheath scar. These malignancies have a favourable prognosis, with extra-gonadal disease commonly associated with unopposed estrogen replacement therapy. PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old female presented to TQEH for management of post menopausal bleeding...
February 2014: Pathology
Rosalind M Glasspool, Iain A McNeish
Clear cell carcinomas of the female genital tract are rare tumours with a fearsome reputation for having poor responses to conventional platinum-based chemotherapy and poor prognosis. However, it is now clear that early-stage ovarian clear cell carcinoma has an excellent prognosis and may not require any adjuvant therapy. In addition, radiotherapy may also have a key role to play in adjuvant management of clear cell tumours. Identification of patients who truly do not need adjuvant chemotherapy is important...
December 2013: Current Oncology Reports
Donghao Lu, Huan Song, Gang Shi
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a chronic, recurring condition that can develop during the reproductive years. It is characterised by the development of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. It is the most common cause of pelvic pain in women. This endometrial tissue development is dependent on oestrogen produced primarily by the ovaries and, therefore, traditional management has focused on suppression of ovarian function. Mounting evidence shows that altered immune function plays a crucial role in the genesis and development of endometriosis...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Y Vogel, C Ginsbach, M Ende, H Schwering, N Golz, O Rieker, R Hildenbrand
A 56-year-old female, with a past history of hysterectomy 13 years previously due to uterine myomata, presented with complaints of pain around the anus of a few months duration. Three years previously she underwent a colonoscopy, which was found to be unremarkable. A high suspicion of a submucosal tumour of the rectum in endoscopic examinations was confirmed by endoscopic ultrasound. The biopsy could not specify the tumour characteristics. Based on the diagnosis of a 4 cm submucosal tumour with infiltration of bowel wall and regional lymph nodes the affected segment was resected...
January 2013: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
T Vasilakaki, E Skafida, E Arkoumani, X Grammatoglou, N Firfiris, K Manoloudaki
Clear cell tumours of the ovary are relatively uncommon. Most of them are clear cell carcinomas. Benign and borderline clear cell tumours are extremely rare and almost always fibromatous. We report a case of a 34-year-old woman. Ultrasound and computed tomography showed a right ovarian mass 8 cm in diameter. The patient underwent right salpingo-oophorectomy. Microscopic examination revealed glands and cysts different in size and shape within an abundant stromal component without evidence of stromal invasion...
2012: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
C G T Silveira, J Krampe, B Ruhland, K Diedrich, D Hornung, A Agic
BACKGROUND: The Y-box-binding protein (YB-1) is described as a potential oncogene highly expressed in tumors and associated with increased cell survival, proliferation, migration and anti-apoptotic signaling. The aim of our study was to examine the expression and role of YB-1 in human endometriosis (Eo) and its association with cell survival, proliferation and invasion. METHODS: We analyzed the gene and protein expression levels of YB-1 by quantitative real-time RT-PCR and immunoassays, respectively, in peritoneal macrophages, ovarian endometrioma and eutopic endometrial tissues/cells derived from women with (n= 120) and without (n= 91) Eo...
January 2012: Human Reproduction
Jun-Jun Qiu, Ying-Lei Liu, Man-Hua Liu, Li-Ping Chen, Da-Wei Xu, Zhong-Xin Zhang, Qi-Chang Yang, Hong-Bing Liu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the blood flow changes and their relationships to microvessel density (MVD) and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) by transvaginal colour Doppler sonography (TV-CDS) in the ovarian interstitium to predict ovarian interstitial microvascular injury in the pathological process of ovarian endometrial cysts (OEC). METHODS: TV-CDS was preoperatively performed to detect blood flow changes in 60 patients with 76 ovarian endometrioid cysts, and flow classification and resistance indices (RI) values were recorded for analysis...
February 2012: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Paolo Vercellini, Piergiorgio Crosignani, Edgardo Somigliana, Paola Viganò, Laura Buggio, Giorgio Bolis, Luigi Fedele
Serous, endometrioid, clear cell and mucinous histotypes are the most common epithelial ovarian cancer. Most serous cancers appear to originate from precursor lesions at the fimbriated tubal end, whereas most endometrioid and clear cell cancers seem to derive from atypical endometriosis. Data regarding hormonal factors and associated gynaecologic conditions were critically analysed with the objective of defining a carcinogenic model for sporadic epithelial ovarian cancer complying with epidemiologic and pathologic findings...
September 2011: Human Reproduction
Kimberly C Wiegand, Anna F Lee, Osama M Al-Agha, Christine Chow, Steve E Kalloger, David W Scott, Christian Steidl, Sam M Wiseman, Randy D Gascoyne, Blake Gilks, David G Huntsman
Mutation of the ARID1A gene and loss of the corresponding protein BAF250a has recently been described as a frequent event in clear cell and endometrioid carcinomas of the ovary. To determine whether BAF250a loss is common in other malignancies, immunohistochemistry (IHC) for BAF250a was performed on tissue microarrays (TMAs) in more than 3000 cancers, including carcinomas of breast, lung, thyroid, endometrium, kidney, stomach, oral cavity, cervix, pancreas, colon and rectum, as well as endometrial stromal sarcomas, gastrointestinal stromal tumours, sex cord-stromal tumours and four major types of lymphoma (diffuse large B cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma)...
July 2011: Journal of Pathology
Richard Oparka, W Glenn McCluggage, C Simon Herrington
AIMS: To describe the clinicopathological features of florid peritoneal mesothelial hyperplasia associated with gynaecological disease. METHODS: Review of a series of 44 cases where there was significant peritoneal mesothelial proliferation, usually on the surface of the ovary, which resulted in diagnostic problems, often including a consideration of malignancy. RESULTS: Florid mesothelial proliferation was associated with a variety of benign and malignant lesions, most commonly endometriosis...
April 2011: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Kyu-Rae Kim, Jene Choi, Jeong-Eun Hwang, Young-Ae Baik, Jeong Yeon Shim, Yong Man Kim, Stanley J Robboy
AIMS:   Clinicopathological aspects of the endocervical-like mucinous borderline tumour of the ovary (EMBT), including higher frequencies of bilaterality, endometriosis and hormone receptor reactivity, and often admixtures of various Müllerian-type epithelia, closely resembles endometrioid tumour more than mucinous borderline tumour of the intestinal type (IMBT). Thus, the aims of this study were to determine whether EMBT is really a subtype of mucinous borderline tumours, as shown in the current classification system, and to determine the best classification for EMBT...
October 2010: Histopathology
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