keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

medical illustration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924688/the-barrier-to-informed-choice-in-cancer-screening-statistical-illiteracy-in-physicians-and-patients
#1
Odette Wegwarth, Gerd Gigerenzer
An efficient health care requires both informed doctors and patients. Our current healthcare system falls short on both counts. Most doctors and patients do not understand the available medical evidence. To illustrate the extent of the problem in the setting of cancer screening: In a representative sample of some 5000 women in nine European countries, 92% overestimated the reduction of breast cancer mortality by mammography by a factor of 10-200, or did not know. For a similar sample of about 5000 men with respect to PSA screening, this number was 89%...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919570/initial-clinical-experience-with-aview-a-clinical-computational-platform-for-intracranial-aneurysm-morphology-hemodynamics-and-treatment-management
#2
Jianping Xiang, Nicole Varble, Jason M Davies, Ansaar T Rai, Kenichi Kono, Shin-Ichiro Sugiyama, Mandy J Binning, Rabih G Tawk, Hoon Choi, Andrew J Ringer, Kenneth V Snyder, Elad I Levy, L Nelson Hopkins, Adnan H Siddiqui, Hui Meng
BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysm (IA) management is challenging. Clinicians often rely on varied and intuitively disparate ways of evaluating rupture risk that may only partially take into account complex hemodynamic and morphologic factors. We developed a prototype of a clinically-oriented, streamlined, computational platform, AView, for rapid assessment of hemodynamics and morphometrics in clinical settings. To show the potential clinical utility of AView, we report our initial multicenter experience highlighting the possible advantages of morphologic and hemodynamic analysis of IAs...
September 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918826/islamic-medicine-in-the-middle-ages
#3
EDITORIAL
Hawa Edriss, Brittany N Rosales, Connie Nugent, Christian Conrad, Kenneth Nugent
The Islamic culture flourished between the 9th and 13th centuries. Scholars from this era made significant contributions in mathematics, science and medicine. Caliphs and physicians built hospitals that provided universal care and the foundation for medical education. Physician-scientists made significant advances in medical care, surgery and pharmacology. Notable authorities include al-Razi (865-925 CE) who wrote the Kitab al-Hawi fi al-tibb (The Comprehensive Book on Medicine), a 23-volume textbook that provided the main medical curriculum for European schools into the 14th century...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918761/quality-of-life-in-bipolar-disorder-towards-a-dynamic-understanding
#4
E Morton, G Murray, E E Michalak, R W Lam, S Beaulieu, V Sharma, P Cervantes, S V Parikh, L N Yatham
BACKGROUND: Although quality of life (QoL) is receiving increasing attention in bipolar disorder (BD) research and practice, little is known about its naturalistic trajectory. The dual aims of this study were to prospectively investigate: (a) the trajectory of QoL under guideline-driven treatment and (b) the dynamic relationship between mood symptoms and QoL. METHODS: In total, 362 patients with BD receiving guideline-driven treatment were prospectively followed at 3-month intervals for up to 5 years...
September 18, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917558/cardiac-sympathectomy-for-the-management-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-refractory-to-catheter-ablation
#5
Travis Richardson, Ricardo Lugo, Pablo Saavedra, George Crossley, Walter Clair, Sharon Shen, Juan Carlos Estrada, Jay Montgomery, M Benjamin Shoemaker, Christopher Ellis, Gregory F Michaud, Eric Lambright, Arvindh Kanagasundram
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is now a mainstay of therapy for ventricular arrhythmias (VA). However, there are scenarios where either physiologic or anatomical factors make ablation less likely to be successful. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that cardiac sympathetic denervation (CSD) may be an alternate therapy for patients with difficult to ablate VA. METHODS: We identified all patients referred for CSD at a single center for indications other than LQTS and CPVT who had failed catheter ablation...
September 13, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916293/is-there-ever-a-role-for-the-unilateral-do-not-attempt-resuscitation-order-in-pediatric-care
#6
Jonathan M Marron, Emma Jones, Joanne Wolfe
Care for children as they near the end of life is difficult and very complex. More difficult still are the decisions regarding what interventions are and are not indicated during these trying times. Occasionally, families of children who are nearing the end of life disagree with the assessment of the medical team regarding these interventions. In rare cases, the medical team can be moved to enact a do not attempt resuscitation (DNAR) order against the wishes of the patient's parents. This manuscript presents one such illustrative case and discusses the ethical issues relevant to such challenging clinical scenarios...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915720/pseudoprogression-in-microsatellite-instability-high-colorectal-cancer-during-treatment-with-combination-t-cell-mediated-immunotherapy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Young Kwang Chae, Si Wang, Halla Nimeiri, Aparna Kalyan, Francis J Giles
Evading tumor-mediated immunosuppression through antibodies to immune checkpoints has shown clinical benefit in patients with select solid tumors. There is a heterogeneity of responses in patients receiving immunotherapy, including pseudoprogression in which the tumor burden increases initially before decreasing to reach disease control. The characteristics and basis of pseudoprogression, however, remains poorly understood. We hereby report a case of microsatellite instability (MSI)-high metastatic colorectal cancer treated with combination of OX40 agonist and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) antagonist that demonstrated pseudoprogression reaching 163% increase from baseline tumor burden...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910809/ingeborg-syllm-rapoport-1912-2017-an-exemplary-life-for-children-and-paediatrics
#8
Hannes Sallmon, Roland R Wauer, Charles Christoph Roehr
Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport, the first Chair in neonatology in Europe, passed away on March 23. Her biography illustrates how medical and scientific work has been influenced by social, ideological, and economic frames and boundaries in the 20th century. Regarded as a "Half-Jew" by the Nazi racist laws, she was denied her medical doctorate. She went to the USA, where she trained in paediatrics and met her husband, the biochemist Samuel Mitja Rapoport. During the "McCarthy Era" both were persecuted as communists...
September 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904582/giant-intracerebral-tuberculoma-with-complete-disappearance-on-antitubercular-therapy-alone-in-a-pediatric-case-a-case-illustration-with-review-of-management-strategy
#9
Guru Dutta Satyarthee
The Central nervous system can be affected in extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The intracranial tuberculoma occurrence is a rare entity occurrence; most often occur in the form of discrete small multiple lesions. Rarely a large sized tuberculoma is observed with mass effects and usually managed surgically to provide rapid relief of mass effect, histopathological confirmation of diagnosis, reduction of pathological mass thereby increasing efficacy of medical therapy. Author reports an extremely rare case of giant tuberculoma occurring in a pediatric patient, which was managed with antituberculous medication along with cerebral decongestant...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901913/professional-healthcare-regulation-and-practice-the-case-of-medicine-in-britain
#10
Mike Saks
This contribution comments selectively on the themes of the lead paper by Wilkie and Tzountzouris (2017) on aspects of Canadian healthcare regulation that impact on the crucial agenda of public protection. In a more skeptical sociopolitical climate in the modern world, these authors particularly highlight the need to ensure professional attitudes and behaviours enhance and sustain safe patient care - using the recent stance on professionalism of the College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario as an illustration of good practice...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900675/bone-disease-in-connective-tissue%C3%A2-disease-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
REVIEW
Irene E M Bultink
This article reviews recent advances in the research of the mechanisms of bone loss, as well as clinical features, economic impact and therapeutic implications of osteoporosis and fractures in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as an illustration of bone disease in a complex systemic autoimmune connective tissue disease. Recent studies demonstrated an increased incidence of osteoporosis and peripheral and vertebral fractures in patients with SLE. The aetiology of bone loss in SLE is multifactorial, including clinical osteoporosis risk factors, systemic inflammation, serological factors, metabolic factors, hormonal factors, possibly genetic factors and medication-induced adverse effects...
September 12, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899997/improving-disease-prediction-by-incorporating-family-disease-history-in-risk-prediction-models-with-large-scale-genetic-data
#12
Jungsoo Gim, Wonji Kim, Soo Heon Kwak, Hosik Choi, Changyi Park, Kyong Soo Park, Sunghoon Kwon, Taesung Park, Sungho Won
Despite the many successes of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), the known susceptibility variants identified by GWAS have modest effect sizes, leading to notable skepticism about the effectiveness of building a risk prediction model from large-scale genetic data. However, in contrast to genetic variants, the family history of diseases has been largely accepted as an important risk factor in clinical diagnosis and risk prediction. Nevertheless, the complicated structures of the family history of diseases have limited their application in clinical practice...
September 12, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899524/adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-improves-attention-psychomotor-function-and-sleepiness-a-bias-reduction-method-with-further-assessment-of-apples
#13
Tyson H Holmes, Clete A Kushida
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Variable adherence to prescribed therapies for sleep disorders is commonplace. This study was designed to integrate three available statistical technologies (instrumental variables, residual inclusion, and shrinkage) to allow sleep investigators to employ data on variable adherence in the estimation of the causal effect of treatment as received on clinical outcomes. PATIENTS/METHODS: Using data from the Apnea Positive Pressure Long-term Efficacy Study (APPLES), regression adjustment for observed and unobserved confounders was applied to two primary neurocognitive outcomes, plus two measures of sleepiness...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894334/spondyloarthropathy-diagnostic-imaging-criteria-for-the-detection-of-sacroiliitis
#14
Moacir Ribeiro de Castro, Sonia de Aguiar Vilela Mitraud, Marina Celli Francisco, Artur da Rocha Corrêa Fernandes, Eloy de Ávila Fernandes
Diagnostic imaging is crucial to the diagnosis and monitoring of spondyloarthropathies. Magnetic resonance imaging is the most relevant tool for the early detection of sacroiliitis, allowing the institution of therapeutic strategies to impede the progression of the disease. This study illustrates the major criteria for a magnetic resonance imaging-based diagnosis of spondyloarthropathy. The cases selected here present images obtained from the medical records of patients diagnosed with sacroiliitis over a two-year period at our facility, depicting the active and chronic, irreversible forms of the disease...
July 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893735/access-to-healthcare-for-men-and-women-with-disabilities-in-the-uk-secondary-analysis-of-cross-sectional-data
#15
Dikaios Sakellariou, Elena S Rotarou
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in access to healthcare between people with and without disabilities in the UK. The hypotheses were that: (1) people with disabilities would be more likely to have unmet healthcare needs and (2) there would be gender differences, with women more likely to report unmet needs. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed secondary analysis, using logistic regressions, of deidentified cross-sectional data from the European Health Interview Survey, Wave 2...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893632/patients-experiences-with-extramammary-paget-s-disease-an-online-pilot-study-querying-a-patient-support-group
#16
Paul H Chung, Jeremy T Kampp, Bryan B Voelzke
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the heterogeneous care delivered to patients with Extramammary Paget's Disease (EMPD), a rare and lethal malignancy with poorly described treatment methodologies, by characterizing the clinical and pathological characteristics of an international patient support group. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained to develop and distribute a non-validated survey to patients from an international, online EMPD support group. The survey was developed to capture patient clinical and pathological details and was distributed between January 2017 and February 2017...
September 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893261/a-tale-of-two-systems-practice-patterns-of-a-single-group-of-emergency-medical-physicians-in-taiwan-and-china
#17
I-Anne Huang, Tang-Her Jaing, Chang-Teng Wu, Chee-Jen Chang, Shan-Hsuan Hsia, Nicole Huang
BACKGROUND: The quality of pediatric emergency care has been a major concern in health care. Following a series of health system reforms in China, it is important to do this assessment of pediatric emergency care, and to explore potential influences of health care system. This study aimed to compare practice differences in treating children with respiratory illnesses in two emergency department (ED) settings within different health care systems: China and Taiwan. METHODS: A pooled cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in two tertiary teaching hospitals in Xiamen, China and Keelung, Taiwan belong to the same hospital chain group...
September 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891535/doppler-sonographic-evaluation-of-venogenic-extremity-swellings-analysis-of-170-patients-from-kano-nigeria
#18
A Ismail, A M Tabari, K Isyaku
INTRODUCTION: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a serious problem that can potentially lead to many complications including life-threatening pulmonary arterial thrombosis. Screening and confirmation of the diagnosis are critical in the care of this condition. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of Doppler sonography in diagnosing DVT and to illustrate the pattern in 170 suspected cases from our local environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at our department over 18 months...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890584/interactive-q-learning-for-quantiles
#19
Kristin A Linn, Eric B Laber, Leonard A Stefanski
A dynamic treatment regime is a sequence of decision rules, each of which recommends treatment based on features of patient medical history such as past treatments and outcomes. Existing methods for estimating optimal dynamic treatment regimes from data optimize the mean of a response variable. However, the mean may not always be the most appropriate summary of performance. We derive estimators of decision rules for optimizing probabilities and quantiles computed with respect to the response distribution for two-stage, binary treatment settings...
2017: Journal of the American Statistical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890183/radiomics-analysis-on-ultrasound-for-prediction-of-biologic-behavior-in-breast-invasive-ductal-carcinoma
#20
Yi Guo, Yuzhou Hu, Mengyun Qiao, Yuanyuan Wang, Jinhua Yu, Jiawei Li, Cai Chang
INTRODUCTION: In current clinical practice, invasive ductal carcinoma is always screened using medical imaging techniques and diagnosed using immunohistochemistry. Recent studies have illustrated that radiomics approaches provide a comprehensive characterization of entire tumors and can reveal predictive or prognostic associations between the images and medical outcomes. To better reveal the underlying biology, an improved understanding between objective image features and biologic characteristics is urgently required...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
keyword
keyword
31402
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"