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Lymphadenitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922703/bronchoesophageal-fistula-due-to-metastatic-mediastinal-lymphadenitis
#1
George Stavrou, Vasileios Rafailidis, Konstantinos Kouskouras, Katerina Kotzampassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919549/the-predominance-of-ethiopian-specific-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-families-and-minimal-contribution-of-mycobacterium-bovis-in-tuberculous-lymphadenitis-patients-in-southwest-ethiopia
#2
Mulualem Tadesse, Gemeda Abebe, Alemayehu Bekele, Mesele Bezabih, Pim de Rijk, Conor J Meehan, Bouke C de Jong, Leen Rigouts
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has an extremely high rate of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, dominated by tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBLN). However, little is known about Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBc) lineages responsible for TBLN in Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A total of 304 MTBc isolates from TBLN patients in Southwest Ethiopia were genotyped primarily by spoligotyping. Isolates of selected spoligotypes were further analyzed by 15-loci mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR) (n=167) and qPCR-based single nucleotide polymorphism (n=38)...
September 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913615/course-of-acute-nonspecific-mesenteric-lymphadenitis-single-center-experience
#3
Cecilia Benetti, Elisa Conficconi, Flurim Hamitaga, Marina Wyttenbach, Sebastiano A G Lava, Gregorio P Milani, Mario G Bianchetti, Giacomo D Simonetti, Rossana Helbling
Available reports dealing with acute nonspecific mesenteric lymphadenitis do not address the total duration of symptoms. However, it is commonly assumed a time for recovery ≤ 4 weeks. The purpose of this report was to investigate the course of acute nonspecific mesenteric lymphadenitis in childhood. A review was made of the patients aged ≤ 16 years in whom the diagnosis of acute nonspecific mesenteric lymphadenitis was established between 2011 and 2015 at the Pediatric Emergency Unit. The records of the Pediatric Emergency Unit, those of the referring family doctors, and the results of a structured telephone interview with each family were used...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904672/-kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-about-a-case
#4
Sanaa Elfihri, Mustapha Laine, Fouad Kettani, Jaouda Ben Amor, Jamel Eddine Bourkadi
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis is a rare cause of benign cervical adenopathies. It is an anatomoclinic entity of unknown cause. Diagnosis is based on histologic examination of the lymph nodes. Patient's evolution is generally favorable with spontaneous healing after a few weeks. We here report the case of a 9-year old girl presenting with cervical lymphadenopathy associated with fever. Cervical lymph node biopsy showed Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease. Patient's evolution was marked by regression of adenopathies without receiving any treatment...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903524/pediatric-dental-clinic-associated-outbreak-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-infection
#5
Lindsay A Hatzenbuehler, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Cherie Drenzek, Gianna Peralta, Lisa C Cranmer, Evan J Anderson, Sarah S Milla, Shelly Abramowicz, Jumi Yi, Joseph Hilinski, Roy Rajan, Matthew K Whitley, Verlia Gower, Frank Berkowitz, Craig A Shapiro, Joseph K Williams, Paula Harmon, Andi L Shane
Background: Mycobacterium abscessus is an uncommon cause of invasive odontogenic infection. Methods: M abscessus-associated odontogenic infections occurred in a group of children after they each underwent a pulpotomy. A probable case-child was defined as a child with facial or neck swelling and biopsy-confirmed granulomatous inflammation after a pulpotomy between October 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015. M abscessus was isolated by culture in confirmed case-children...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902298/nursing-infant-with-acquired-toxoplasmosis-in-the-first-months-of-life-a-case-report
#6
Hanstter Hallison Alves Rezende, Heloísa Ribeiro Storchilo, Jaqueline Ataíde Silva Lima, Antônio Roberto Gomes, Taynara Cristina Gomes, Jéssica Yonara de Souza, Mariza Martins Avelino, Waldemar Naves do Amaral, Marina Clare Vinaud, Ana Maria de Castro
Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii and the probability of this infection occurring in the first months of life is usually low because its transmission is related to eating habits. A 6-month-old nursing infant was diagnosed with acute toxoplasmosis, which was identified through anti- T. gondii IgA, IgM and low-avidity IgG serologic assays, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and mouse bioassay test although its mother was seronegative. This serological divergence between mother and child led us to interview the mother regarding epidemiological factors...
August 24, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883243/an-hiv-positive-case-of-obstructive-jaundice-caused-by-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-of-tuberculous-lymphadenitis-successfully-treated-with-corticosteroids
#7
Naoaki Watanabe, Ryota Sato, Hideaki Nagai, Hirotoshi Matsui, Akira Yamane, Masahiro Kawashima, Junko Suzuki, Hiroyuki Tashimo, Nobuharu Ohshima, Kimihiko Masuda, Atsuhisa Tamura, Shinobu Akagawa, Akira Hebisawa, Ken Ohta
A 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of a persistent fever with enlargement of multiple lymph nodes in the mediastinum and around the pancreatic head. He was diagnosed with tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus infection. We started antiretroviral therapy three weeks after the initiation of anti-tuberculous therapy. Two weeks later, jaundice appeared with dilatation of the biliary tract due to further enlargement of the lymph nodes, which seemed to be immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS)...
September 6, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846198/cysticercosis-reiterating-the-role-of-cytodiagnosis
#8
Shweta Pal, Neha Singh, Nilotpal Chowdhury, Farhanul Huda, Shalinee Rao
BACKGROUND: Cysticercosis is a common parasitic infection in many Asian countries. The histopathological features of this parasitic infection are well established, however, the subtle cytological features and their importance in diagnosing this condition need more elaboration. In this case series we have reiterated the role of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of cysticercosis in clinically unsuspected cases, thereby obviating the need for a biopsy. METHODS: Sixteen patients presented with palpable subcutaneous swellings...
August 28, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829253/o-nyong-nyong-fever-a-neglected-mosquito-borne-viral-disease
#9
Giovanni Rezza, Rubing Chen, Scott C Weaver
O'nyong nyong virus (ONNV), a mosquito-borne Alphavirus, is primarily transmitted through the bite of Anopheles funestus and Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes, which are also malaria parasite vectors in Africa. The virus, first isolated in Uganda in 1959, is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and has caused several major outbreaks both in West and East Africa. ONNV fever, characterized by severe arthralgia, is similar to chikungunya fever, with the exception of cervical lymphadenitis, which is peculiar to the former...
August 22, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822097/a-38-year-old-woman-with-necrotising-cervical-lymphadenitis-due-to-histoplasma-capsulatum
#10
Esther van de Vosse, Annelies van Wengen, Wendy F van der Meide, Leo G Visser, Jaap T van Dissel
CASE PRESENTATION: We analysed a 38-year-old woman with disseminated histoplasmosis for primary immunodeficiency. Her blood showed no IFN-γ response while her peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) did. We identified IFN-γ autoantibodies of the IgG class in her serum. CONCLUSION: IFN-γ autoantibodies leading to infections were so far mainly detected in people from Asian descent, where it was found to be associated with certain HLA types. This may be the first patient of African descent, and without the typical HLA types that predispose to this problem, that produces IFN-γ autoantibodies...
August 18, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806027/a-rare-case-of-lymphadenopathy-kikuchi-fujimoto-disease
#11
Josh Rezkalla, Douglas W Lynch
A relatively unknown cause of cervical lymphadenopathy is Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis. This is a rare and benign condition that presents with painful cervical lymphadenopathy, fevers, night sweats, and weight loss. This disease is most prevalent in Asian women between the age of 20-35 years. The diagnosis of Kikuchi Disease is made histologically and is characterized by paracortical areas of necrosis and a notable complete absence of neutrophils. The painful lymphadenopathy can be simply treated with antipyretics, but due to its presenting symptoms of Kikuchi disease, it is often mistaken for malignant lymphoma...
July 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794637/the-role-of-mediastinoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-lung-cancer-diseases
#12
Serdar Onat, Gungor Ates, Alper Avcı, Tekin Yıldız, Ali Birak, Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Refik Ulku
BACKGROUND: Mediastinoscopy is a good method to evaluate mediastinal lesions. We sought to determine the current role of mediastinoscopy in the investigation of non-lung cancer patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical parameters (age, gender, histological diagnosis, morbidity, mortality) of all patients without lung cancer who consecutively underwent mediastinoscopy in Hospital of Faculty of Medicine of Dicle University between June 2003 and December 2016...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776534/recovery-of-mycobacterium-lentiflavum-from-bronchial-lavage-during-follow-up-of-an-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-patient
#13
Esther Vise, Michael Mawlong, Akshay Garg, Arnab Sen, Ingudam Shakuntala, Samir Das
Initially diagnosed with cervical lymphadenitis, a 15-year-old boy was started with category I anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs. Follow-up investigations led to isolation and identification of Mycobacterium lentiflavum by multiple diagnostic and identification approaches. Observation of this rare pathogen from human origin urges cautious diagnosis while attending TB cases.
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767989/report-of-a-rare-case-of-histiocytic-necrotizing-lymphadenitis-with-bilateral-pleural-effusion-diagnosed-via-cervical-lymph-node-biopsy
#14
Xuchun Liu, Shubin Huang, Guohua Jiang
CONTEXT: Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL) is a rare disorder that is often benign and self-limiting. There have been reports of co-occurrence of HNL with other diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, hemophagocytic syndrome and antiphospholipid syndrome. CASE REPORT: Here, we report a case in which a patient experienced unexplained fever, swelling of the cervical lymph node and bilateral pleural effusion and was ultimately diagnosed with HNL based on results from a lymph node biopsy...
July 31, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764185/kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-masquerading-as-acute-appendicitis
#15
Vinita Pandey, Yasmeen Khatib, Rahul Pandey, Archana L Khade, Manisha Khare
Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease (KFD) is a self-limiting necrotizing lymphadenitis that usually presents with fever and cervical lymphadenopathy. Recognition of this condition is crucial, because it can be mistaken for tuberculosis, lymphoma and connective tissue disorders. When present at an unusual location the diagnosis can be challenging. We present an unusual case of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease involving mesenteric lymph node masquerading as acute appendicitis along with its differential diagnosis. A 30-year-old female presented with complaints of acute abdominal pain, vomiting and fever...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758092/a-case-of-grisel-syndrome-showing-no-underlying-laxity-of-the-atlanto-axial-joint
#16
Ah-Reum Ahn, Yul-Hyun Park, Eun Ji Park, Shin-Young Yim
Grisel syndrome is a rare, non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation associated with an inflammatory or infectious process in the upper neck. According to the two-hit hypothesis, which is widely accepted for the pathogenesis of Grisel syndrome, preexisting ligamentous laxity of the atlanto-axial joint is regarded as the first hit. An inflammatory or infectious process of the atlanto-axial joint acts as the second hit, resulting in non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation. We report on a 6-year-old girl with atlanto-axial subluxation following retropharyngeal and cervical lymphadenitis...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727298/nine-patients-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease-having-selective-neck-dissection-for-severe-cervical-lymphadenitis
#17
L R Wingfield, J Liu, M Hu, D Bianchi, K Hauck, B Driscoll, J I Gallin, H L Malech, S M Holland, C Van Waes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724861/carcinoma-of-maxillary-gingiva-with-non-specific-cervical-lymph-node-swelling
#18
Masashi Migita, Shiro Shigematsu, Hitoshi Ohata, Takahiko Shibahara
Swelling of the cervical lymph nodes may indicate lymphadenitis, malignant lymphoma, or metastasis. Lymph nodes larger than 10 mm on computed tomography (CT) are strongly indicative of postoperative metastasis from carcinoma. Here, we report a case of large, inflamed lymph nodes mimicking metastasis. The patient was a 76-year-old woman who experienced discomfort in the left-side maxillary gingiva commencing in August 2011. By September, the area had become painful, causing her to visit the Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital, at which time a 75×50-mm swollen ulcer was observed in the maxillary gingiva on the left side...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717318/hemogram-responses-in-goats-toward-challenged-with-corynebacterium-pseudotuberculosis-and-its-immunogen-mycolic-acids
#19
Mohammed Naji Odhah, Faez Firdaus Jesse Abdullah, Abd Wahid Haron, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Zaid Khuder, Idris Umar Hambali, Muhammed Umar, Wessam Monther Saleh
AIM: This study was conducted to analyze the changes in blood profile of goats inoculated with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and its immunogen mycolic acid (MA) extract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 clinically healthy crossbred Boer female goats were divided into three groups; A, B and C (4 goats each per group). Group A was inoculated with 2 ml sterile phosphate buffered saline via intradermal route as the negative control group whilst Group B was inoculated with 2 ml of MA extract (1 g/ml) intradermally and Group C was then inoculated with 2 ml (1×10(9)) colony forming unit of active C...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709488/endobronchial-ultrasound-experience-in-a-high-tuberculosis-prevalence-setting
#20
Balamugesh Thangakunam, Barney Thomas Jesudason Isaac, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher
BACKGROUND: Most of the published endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) data are from the western countries, establishing the role of EBUS-TBNA in the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. The etiology of mediastinal lymphadenopathy may be different in an ethnic group with a high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB). OBJECTIVE: To assess the etiology of mediastinal adenopathy in a high TB prevalence setting and to determine the performance of various tests in the diagnosis of tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenitis...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
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