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Viboon Boonsarngsuk, Siriwan Saengsri, Pitak Santanirand
BACKGROUND: Intrathoracic tuberculous (TB) lymphadenitis is a diagnostic challenge to the clinician. Although endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) can obtain a sample from the affected lymph node, the diagnosis of TB lymphadenitis by cytopathology remains inaccurate. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of EBUS-TBNA rinse fluid TB polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the diagnosis of intrathoracic TB lymphadenitis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 102 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA for diagnostic evaluation of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy...
October 21, 2016: Infectious Diseases
Reeta James, S Avudaiappan, A Assistant Professor, Kumar Natarajan, S Chandrasekaran
Multifocal Tuberculosis represents the many faces of an age old disease. It is characterized by the presence of large multifocal tuberculous areas in same or different organs. A 50 year old male patient, presented with features suggestive of renal failure, low grade fever and cough with mucoid expectoration. He was found to have pulmonary TB, genitourinary TB and tuberculous lymphadenitis. He was started on antituberculous treatment to which he showed good response.
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Selwyn Arlington Headley, Lucienne Garcia Pretto-Giordano, Giovana Wingeter Di Santis, Lucas Alécio Gomes, Rafaela Macagnan, Daniela Farias da Nóbrega, Katherine Moura Leite, Brígida Kussumoto de Alcântara, Eiko Nakagawa Itano, Amauri Alcindo Alfieri, Mario Augusto Ono
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is an endemic disease of humans from Latin America that is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and P. lutzii, with most cases of PCM in domestic animals being associated with P. brasiliensis. This study presents the clinical, cytological, mycological, serological, and molecular findings associated with P. brasiliensis in a dog from Southern Brazil. Fine needle biopsies were collected from the skin and several lymph nodes of a 5-year-old female Labrador dog that had enlargement of most superficial lymph nodes...
October 18, 2016: Mycopathologia
Amin S I Banaga, Nihad K Siddiq, Randa T Alsayed, Rasha Babiker, Khalifa Elmusharaf
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem in the developing countries. There are limited data about the prevalence of TB patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) in Sudan. The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence and presentation of TB among Sudanese maintenance HD patients. This is a hospital-based descriptive study. The participants of the study are all HD patients distributed in 13 HD centers in Khartoum and Khartoum North Provinces in Sudan. All patients attended the HD centers from November 1, 2014 to February 1, 2015, were interviewed by a questionnaire focused on personal and clinical data...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Jiangan Xie, Christopher Codd, Kevin Mo, Yongqun He
M. bovis strain Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been the only licensed live attenuated vaccine against tuberculosis (TB) for nearly one century and has also been approved as a therapeutic vaccine for bladder cancer treatment since 1990. During its long time usage, different adverse events (AEs) have been reported. However, the AEs associated with the BCG preventive TB vaccine and therapeutic cancer vaccine have not been systematically compared. In this study, we systematically collected various BCG AE data mined from the US VAERS database and PubMed literature reports, identified statistically significant BCG-associated AEs, and ontologically classified and compared these AEs related to these two types of BCG vaccine...
2016: PloS One
Jennifer M Willingham-Lane, Londa J Berghaus, Steeve Giguère, Mary K Hondalus
The soil-dwelling, saprophytic actinomycete Rhodococcus equi is a multihost, facultative intracellular pathogen of macrophages. When inhaled by susceptible foals, it causes severe bronchopneumonia. It is also a pathogen of pigs, which may develop submaxillary lymphadenitis upon exposure. R. equi isolates obtained from foals and pigs possess conjugative plasmids housing a pathogenicity island (PAI) containing a novel family of genes of unknown function called the virulence-associated protein or vap family. The PAI regions of the equine and swine plasmids differ in vap gene composition, with equine isolates possessing six vap genes, including the major virulence determinant vapA, while the PAIs of swine isolates house vapB and five other unique vap genes...
September 2016: MSphere
Marc Gregory Yu, Jenny Maureen Atun
Tuberculous (TB) lymphadenitis can mimic cervical node metastasis from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) since the distribution and appearance of affected lymph nodes are similar. We present the case of an asymptomatic 50-year-old Filipino who sought consult for a gradually enlarging anterior neck mass and a single palpable cervical lymph node. Preoperative workup suggested a thyroid malignancy with nodal metastasis. He underwent total thyroidectomy with node dissection where histopathology confirmed follicular variant- (FV-) PTC...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Christelle Pomares, Tyson H Holmes, Remy Estran, Cynthia J Press, Raymund Ramirez, Jeanne Talucod, Holden Maecker, Yael Rosenberg-Hasson, Jose G Montoya
INTRODUCTION: Majority of Toxoplasma gondii infections are benign and asymptomatic; however, some patients experience toxoplasmic lymphadenitis (TL). Factors associated as to whether infection will be symptomatic or not are unknown. METHODS: Dye test titers of patients with acute toxoplasmosis (pregnant and not pregnant) with TL (TL+) were compared with those in patients with asymptomatic acute infection (TL-). Additionally, mean levels of 62 serum cytokines were compared between TL+ and TL- pregnant women and between TL+ pregnant and non-pregnant women...
October 13, 2016: Cytokine
David A Bemis, Brian H Johnson, Mary Jean Bryant, Rebekah D Jones, Brynn V McCleery, Cheryl B Greenacre, Vincent Perreten, Stephen A Kania
An organism reported in the early literature to be a rare cause of cervical lymphadenitis in guinea pigs, Streptobacillus moniliformis, has been reclassified as Caviibacter abscessus We describe a series of sequential cases of abscesses in guinea pigs that were presented to our clinic from which the only agent isolated was a unique, serum-requiring bacterium. Discrete colonies were not detected in 6.5% CO2 or anaerobically on routine primary isolation media containing up to 5% whole sheep blood, with and without cysteine, vitamin K, and hemin supplementation after 7 days of incubation at 37°C...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
H Merwald-Fraenk, F Wiesent, R Dörfler, C Goebel
A 25-year-old Caucasian female patient presented with fever and cervical lymphadenopathy. Laboratory findings showed elevated signs of inflammation, elevated ANA titer and strongly positive anti-dsDNA antibodies. The histopathology of the lymph nodes revealed distinct features of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, a benign, self-limiting lymphadenopathy that typically affects young Asian females. In the literature a coincidental occurrence of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is well documented...
September 30, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Neriman Sarı, Nurettin Okur, Gulin Uçmak, İnci Ergürhan İlhan
We report a 16-year-old male patient diagnosed with paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma and mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis. The differential diagnosis between high or early stage of rhabdomyosarcoma and tuberculosis (TB) was critical in this patient without a history of TB. Unexpected lymphadenopathies detected during the staging of patients with malignancy should be carefully evaluated, and TB should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis especially in underdeveloped and developing countries...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Gerardo Amaya-Tapia, Arturo Rodríguez-Toledo, Sergio Aguilar-Benavides, Guadalupe Aguirre-Avalos
BACKGROUND The retropharyngeal abscess is a rare presentation of head and neck tuberculosis. The pathogenesis of the abscess formation in the retropharyngeal space in the adult is controversial. CASE REPORT We report a case of large retropharyngeal abscesses in a 46-year-old man with disseminated tuberculosis. The patient had severe progressive dysphagia, weight loss, and a slowly enlarging bilateral cervical mass during a period of three months. His posterior pharynx wall was bulging and red, and both tonsils were enlarged and congested...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
E Bukhari, F Alaklobi, H Bakheet, A Alrabiaah, F Alotibi, F Aljobair, M Alshamrani, E Alaki, F Alnahdi, A Alodyani, F Alzamil
OBJECTIVE: The bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine is administered worldwide to prevent tuberculosis. Although, Post BCG vaccination complications like disseminated BCG infections are rare and immunocompromised children are at high risk of developing BCG-related complications including BCG-lymphadenitis and other disseminated diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of children who developed disseminated BCG after vaccination who were admitted in three tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in the year 2015...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
S Salavati Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic purulent mesenteric lymphadenitis or lymph node abscessation, even though rare in dogs, are important diseases in which rapid diagnosis and treatment is critical. This study aimed to characterise the typical features of these conditions in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Archived records from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively evaluated for the occurrence of idiopathic purulent mesenteric lymphadenitis or lymph node abscesses in dogs. History, physical and clinicopathological abnormalities, diagnostic tests performed, treatment and outcome were reviewed...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
O Baris, O Findik, A T Kunt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Aldo Naselli, Giuseppe Losurdo, Stefano Avanzini, Vincenzo Tarantino, Emilio Cristina, Elisabetta Bondi, Elio Castagnola
PURPOSE: Nontuberculous mycobacteria are uncommon cause of chronic cervicofacial lymphadenitis in healthy children. We describe clinical features and management strategies of cervicofacial nontuberculous mycobacterium lymphadenitis in a tertiary pediatric hospital. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records of children discharged from 1992 to 2014 with a diagnosis of cervicofacial nontuberculous mycobacterium was made. Diagnosis certainty was based on microhistological investigations...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Lei Wang, Weihua Wu, Jiajun Teng, Runbo Zhong, Baohui Han, Jiayuan Sun
Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) features have been found to be a useful tool in differentiating malignant from benign lymph nodes, but the use of these features to distinguish benign intrathoracic lymphadenopathies, including tuberculosis, sarcoidosis and reactive lymphadenitis, has not been established. The goal of this study was to evaluate the use of EBUS features in predicting tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, and non-specific inflammation. One hundred eighty-eight patients with suspected benign lymphadenopathy were included in the study...
September 7, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Vera Lúcia Costa Vale, Marcos da Costa Silva, Andréia Pacheco de Souza, Soraya Castro Trindade, Lília Ferreira de Moura-Costa, Ellen Karla Nobre Dos Santos-Lima, Ivana Lucia de Oliveira Nascimento, Hugo Saba Pereira Cardoso, Edson de Jesus Marques, Bruno Jean Adrien Paule, Roberto José Meyer Nascimento
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CL), a chronic disease that affects goats and sheep. CL is characterized by the formation of granulomas in lymph nodes and other organs, such as the lungs and liver. Current knowledge of CL pathogenesis indicates that the induction of humoral and cellular immune responses are fundamental to disease control. The aim of this study was to evaluate the humoral and cellular immune responses in BALB/c mice inoculated with a C...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Ignacio Ruiz Del Olmo Izuzquiza, María L Monforte Cirac, Matilde Bustillo Alonso, Pedro Burgués Prades, Carmelo Guerrero Laleona
Lymphadenitis is the most common clinical feature in nontuberculous mycobacterium infection in immunocompetent children. We present two case reports of M. lentiflavum lymphadenitis diagnosed in a tertiary hospital in the last 10 years. Routine tests were performed after persistent adenopathy, and a sample for culture was obtained, being positive for this microorganism. Both patients received oral antibiotics during several weeks. Case 1 needed complete excision after five months of treatment, whilst Case 2 was cured by medical therapy...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Colin Stewart Brown, Colette Joanne Smith, Ronan Angus MacCormick Breen, Lawrence Peter Ormerod, Rahul Mittal, Marie Fisk, Heather June Milburn, Nicholas Martin Price, Graham Henry Bothamley, Marc Caeroos Isaac Lipman
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory response following initial improvement with anti-tuberculosis (TB) treatment has been termed a paradoxical reaction (PR). HIV co-infection is a recognised risk, yet little is known about other predictors of PR, although some biochemical markers have appeared predictive. We report our findings in an ethnically diverse population of HIV-infected and uninfected adults. METHODS: Prospective and retrospective clinical and laboratory data were collected on TB patients seen between January 1999-December 2008 at four UK centres selected to represent a wide ethnic and socio-economic mix of TB patients...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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