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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635117/the-relationship-between-fish-consumption-and-disease-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Sara K Tedeschi, Joan M Bathon, Jon T Giles, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Kazuki Yoshida, Daniel H Solomon
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether more frequent fish consumption is associated with lower RA disease activity scores among participants in an RA cohort. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using baseline data from participants in the Evaluation of Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease and Predictors of Events in RA (ESCAPE-RA) cohort study. Frequency of fish consumption was assessed by a baseline food frequency questionnaire assessing usual diet in the past year...
June 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633867/review-of-a-causal-role-of-fructose-containing-sugars-in-myocardial-susceptibility-to-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#2
REVIEW
Gerald J Maarman, Amy E Mendham, Kim Lamont, Cindy George
In 2012, the World Health Organization Global Status Report on noncommunicable diseases showed that 7.4 million deaths were due to ischemic heart disease. Consequently, cardiovascular disease is a significant health burden, especially when partnered with comorbidities such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Of note, these diseases can all be induced or exacerbated by diet. Carbohydrates, in particular, fructose and glucose, generally form the largest part of the human diet. Accumulating evidence from animal studies suggests that if large amounts of fructose are consumed either in isolation or in combination with glucose (fructose-containing sugars), myocardial susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury increases...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632197/toxic-age-tage-theory-for-the-pathophysiology-of-the-onset-progression-of-nafld-and-ald
#3
REVIEW
Masayoshi Takeuchi, Jun-Ichi Takino, Akiko Sakasai-Sakai, Takanobu Takata, Mikihiro Tsutsumi
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and alcoholic liver disease (ALD) are among the most common causes of chronic liver diseases in the westernized world. NAFLD and ALD are frequently accompanied by extrahepatic complications, including hepatocellular carcinoma and cardiovascular diseases, which have a negative impact on patient survival. The chronic ingestion of an excessive daily diet containing sugar/high-fructose corn syrup increases the level of the fructose/glucose metabolite, glyceraldehyde (GA), while the chronic consumption of an excessive number of alcoholic beverages increases the level of the alcohol metabolite, acetaldehyde (AA) in the liver...
June 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630692/liver-fat-a-relevant-target-for-dietary-intervention-summary-of-a-unilever-workshop
#4
REVIEW
Harry P F Peters, Patrick Schrauwen, Petra Verhoef, Christopher D Byrne, David J Mela, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Ulf Risérus, Frits R Rosendaal, Vera Schrauwen-Hinderling
Currently it is estimated that about 1 billion people globally have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition in which liver fat exceeds 5 % of liver weight in the absence of significant alcohol intake. Due to the central role of the liver in metabolism, the prevalence of NAFLD is increasing in parallel with the prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance and other risk factors of metabolic diseases. However, the contribution of liver fat to the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and CVD, relative to other ectopic fat depots and to other risk markers, is unclear...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630615/plant-based-nutrition-for-healthcare-professionals-implementing-diet-as-a-primary-modality-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-disease
#5
REVIEW
Julieanna Hever, Raymond J Cronise
Cardiovascular disease remains the world's leading cause of death. Yet, we have known for decades that the vast majority of atherosclerosis and its subsequent morbidity and mortality are influenced predominantly by diet. This paper will describe a health-promoting whole food, plant-based diet; delineate macro- and micro-nutrition, emphasizing specific geriatric concerns; and offer guidance to physicians and other healthcare practitioners to support patients in successfully utilizing nutrition to improve their health...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630608/introduction-to-the-a-plant-based-diet-and-cardiovascular-disease-special-issue
#6
EDITORIAL
Kim Allan Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626106/-seedi-basic-strategies-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Chunsong Hu
ABCDE strategy, mainly based on drugs or medications and the lifestyle modification (named as "main medical strategy"), is popular in the guideline for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in China and foreign countries. Here, the author recommends a non-invasive and non-pharmacologic "Zhongzi" rule, which includes 4 healthy elements: Sleep, emotion, exercise, and diet (SEED), and also called SEED intervention (SEEDi) strategy. It is the basic strategy for primary and secondary prevention of non-infectious diseases, especially for ASCVD...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624099/cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-evidence-for-shared-disease-pathways-and-pharmacologic-prevention
#8
REVIEW
Farzad Masoudkabir, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Carolyn Gotay, Andrew Ignaszewski, Andrew D Krahn, Margot K Davis, Christopher Franco, Arya Mani
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer are leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Strategies to improve their treatment and prevention are global priorities and major focus of World Health Organization's joint prevention programs. Emerging evidence suggests that modifiable risk factors including diet, sedentary lifestyle, obesity and tobacco use are central to the pathogenesis of both diseases and are reflected in common genetic, cellular, and signaling mechanisms. Understanding this important biological overlap is critical and may help identify novel therapeutic and preventative strategies for both disorders...
June 2, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623160/basic-concepts-in-molecular-biology-related-to-genetics-and-epigenetics
#9
Dolores Corella, Jose M Ordovas
The observation that "one size does not fit all" for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, among other diseases, has driven the concept of precision medicine. The goal of precision medicine is to provide the best-targeted interventions tailored to an individual's genome. The human genome is composed of billions of sequence arrangements containing a code that controls how genes are expressed. This code depends on other nonstatic regulators that surround the DNA and constitute the epigenome...
June 13, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621714/acute-effect-of-metformin-on-postprandial-hypertriglyceridemia-through-delayed-gastric-emptying
#10
Daisuke Sato, Katsutaro Morino, Fumiyuki Nakagawa, Koichiro Murata, Osamu Sekine, Fumiaki Beppu, Naohiro Gotoh, Satoshi Ugi, Hiroshi Maegawa
Postprandial hypertriglyceridemia is a potential target for cardiovascular disease prevention in patients with diabetic dyslipidemia. Metformin has been reported to reduce plasma triglyceride concentrations in the postprandial states. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying the triglyceride-lowering effect of metformin. Here, we examined the effects of metformin on lipid metabolism after olive oil-loading in 129S mice fed a high fat diet for three weeks. Metformin administration (250 mg/kg) for one week decreased postprandial plasma triglycerides...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621447/metformin-prevents-vascular-prostanoid-release-alterations-induced-by-a-high-fat-diet-in-rats
#11
H J Lee, S M Cantú, A S Donoso, M R Choi, H A Peredo, A M Puyó
Perivascular adipose tissue dysfunction induced by high-fat feeding leads to alterations in the modulation of inflammation, contractile activity of the vascular smooth muscle and endothelial function, all risk factors in the development of hypertension. Metformin, an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), is currently the first-line drug treatment for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome. Besides its glucose-lowering effect, there is an interest in actions of this drug with potential relevance in cardiovascular diseases...
June 16, 2017: Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621342/prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-association-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-teachers-in-cape-town-south-africa
#12
COMMENT
Aderemi B Adeniyi, Carien E Laurence, Jimmy A Volmink, M Razeen Davids
Background: There is a need to determine the feasibility of conducting studies of chronic diseases among large cohorts of African patients. One aim of the South African feasibility study was to determine the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among school teachers. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey of 489 teachers we captured data on demographics, CVD risk factors, anthropometry and blood pressure. Serum glucose, creatinine, cholesterol and urine protein/creatinine ratio was measured...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620920/diet-induced-early-stage-atherosclerosis-in-baboons-lipoproteins-atherogenesis-and-arterial-compliance
#13
Michael C Mahaney, Genesio M Karere, David L Rainwater, Venkata S Voruganti, Edward J Dick, Michael A Owston, Karen S Rice, Laura A Cox, Anthony G Comuzzie, John L VandeBerg
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether dietary manipulation can reliably induce early-stage atherosclerosis and clinically relevant changes in vascular function in an established, well-characterized non-human primate model. METHODS: We fed 112 baboons a high-cholesterol, high-fat challenge diet for two years. We assayed circulating biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, at 0, 7, and 104 weeks into the challenge; assessed arterial compliance noninvasively at 104 weeks; and measured atherosclerotic lesions in three major arteries at necropsy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620111/dietary-fats-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Frank M Sacks, Alice H Lichtenstein, Jason H Y Wu, Lawrence J Appel, Mark A Creager, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, Eric B Rimm, Lawrence L Rudel, Jennifer G Robinson, Neil J Stone, Linda V Van Horn
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year. Preventive treatment that reduces CVD by even a small percentage can substantially reduce, nationally and globally, the number of people who develop CVD and the costs of caring for them. This American Heart Association presidential advisory on dietary fats and CVD reviews and discusses the scientific evidence, including the most recent studies, on the effects of dietary saturated fat intake and its replacement by other types of fats and carbohydrates on CVD...
June 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620068/x-box-binding-protein-1-dependent-plasma-cell-responses-limit-the-development-of-atherosclerosis
#15
Andrew P Sage, Meritxell Nus, Jayashree Bagchi Chakraborty, Dimitrios Tsiantoulas, Stephen A Newland, Alison J Finigan, Leanne Masters, Christoph J Binder, Ziad Mallat
Rationale: Diverse B cell responses and functions may be involved in atherosclerosis. Protective antibody responses, such as those against oxidized lipid epitopes, are thought to mainly derive from T cell-independent innate B cell subsets. In contrast, both pathogenic and protective roles have been associated with T cell-dependent antibodies and their importance in both humans and mouse models is still unclear. Objective: To specifically target antibody production by plasma cells and determine the impact on atherosclerotic plaque development in mice with and without CD4+ T cells...
June 15, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618011/the-healthy-effects-of-strawberry-bioactive-compounds-on-molecular-pathways-related-to-chronic-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Francesca Giampieri, Tamara Y Forbes-Hernandez, Massimiliano Gasparrini, Sadia Afrin, Danila Cianciosi, Patricia Reboredo-Rodriguez, Alfonso Varela-Lopez, Jose L Quiles, Bruno Mezzetti, Maurizio Battino
It is generally accepted that a fruit and vegetable-enriched diet is favorable for human health. The consumption of strawberries, in particular, has been related to the maintenance of well-being and the prevention of several chronic diseases, owing to the high contents of antioxidants and phytochemicals present in the fruit. Several biological effects have been explained through the total antioxidant capacity exerted by these bioactive compounds, but recently more intricate mechanisms have begun to be examined...
June 15, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614775/changes-in-viability-of-rat-adipose-derived-stem-cells-isolated-from-abdominal-perinuclear-adipose-tissue-stimulated-with-pulsed-electromagnetic-field
#17
A Baranowska, B Skowron, B Nowak, K Ciesielczyk, P Guzdek, K Gil, J Kaszuba-Zwoinska
Previous experiments demonstrated that low-frequency electromagnetic field (LF-EMF) may activate cellular death pathways in proliferating cells. Therefore, we hypothesized that LF-EMF may also influence viability of highly proliferating undifferentiated adipose-derived stem cells. Obesity is classified as a civilization disease; its etiopathogenesis is presumed to include both genetic predisposition and influence of modified environmental factors, such as unbalanced diet with excess calories and/or too low physical activity...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612853/mangos-and-their-bioactive-components-adding-variety-to-the-fruit-plate-for-health
#18
REVIEW
Britt M Burton-Freeman, Amandeep K Sandhu, Indika Edirisinghe
The diet is an essential factor affecting the risk for development and progression of modern day chronic diseases, particularly those with pathophysiological roots in inflammation and oxidative stress-induced damage. The potential impact of certain foods and their bioactive compounds to reverse or prevent destructive dysregulated processes leading to disease has attracted intense research attention. The mango (Mangifera indica Linn.) is a tropical fruit with distinctive nutritional and phytochemical composition...
June 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611100/ampk-activation-enhances-the-anti-atherogenic-effects-of-high-density-lipoproteins-in-apoe-mice
#19
Ang Ma, Jing Wang, Liu Yang, Yuanyuan An, Haibo Zhu
HDL plays crucial roles at multiple stages of the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a therapeutic candidate for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. However, the effect of AMPK activation on HDL functionality has not been established in vivo. We assessed the effects of pharmacological AMPK activation using A-769662, AICAR, metformin, and IMM-H007 on the atheroprotective functions of HDL in apoE-deficient (apoE-/-) mice fed with a high fat diet. After administration, although there no changes in serum lipid levels among the groups...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610958/sulfate-nitrate-and-blood-pressure-an-epic-interaction-between-sulfur-and-nitrogen
#20
Gunter G Kuhnle, Robert Luben, Kay-Tee Khaw, Martin Feelisch
Nitrate (NO3(-))-rich foods such as green leafy vegetables are not only part of a healthy diet, but increasingly marketed for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and used as ergogenic aids by competitive athletes. While there is abundant evidence for mild hypotensive effects of nitrate on acute application there is limited data on chronic intake in humans, and results from animal studies suggest no long-term benefit. This is important as nitrate can also promote the formation of nitrosamines...
June 10, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
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