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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153856/the-effect-of-viscous-soluble-fiber-on-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
K Khan, E Jovanovski, H V T Ho, A C R Marques, A Zurbau, S B Mejia, J L Sievenpiper, V Vuksan
AIMS: Dietary fiber intake, especially viscous soluble fiber, has been established as a means to reduce cardiometabolic risk factors. Whether this is true for blood pressure remains controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to investigate the effects of viscous soluble fiber supplementation on blood pressure and quantify the effect of individual fibers. DATA SYNTHESIS: MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched...
October 7, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152254/calcium-intake-and-the-associations-with-faecal-fat-and-energy-excretion-and-lipid-profile-in-a-free-living-population
#2
Louise Kjølbæk, Janne K Lorenzen, Lesli H Larsen, Arne Astrup
The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between the habitual Ca intake and faecal fat and energy excretion as well as blood lipid profile in free-living normal-weight and overweight individuals. The participants were enrolled for an 8-d period where data from a 7-d diet registration (days 1-7), a 5-d faeces collection (days 3-7), a 2-d urine collection (days 5-7), and anthropometric measurements and a fasting blood sample (day 8) were collected. Analyses showed that dietary Ca intake (g/10 MJ per d) was positively associated with excretion of faecal fat (P = 0·004) and energy (P = 0·031) when adjusted for BMI, age, sex and intake of Ca-containing supplements...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149823/olive-oil-related-anti-inflammatory-effects-on-atherosclerosis-potential-clinical-implications
#3
Tanakal Wongwarawipat, Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Dimitrios Bertsias, Gerasimos Siasos, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is characterized by a chronic low-grade inflammatory process which can result in atherothrombosis and a number of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). It is believed to be caused by multiple processes that involve inflammation and immunity. Mediterranean Diet (MedD) has been discovered to possess anti-inflammatory properties and associated with a reduction in the CVD risk and mortality. Its main component, extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), is believed to be largely responsible for these effects and therefore, has been investigated in various studies...
November 15, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149184/health-effects-of-saturated-and-trans-fatty-acid-intake-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Lisa Te Morenga, Jason M Montez
BACKGROUND: Elevated cholesterol has been linked to cardiovascular disease in adults and preclinical markers of atherosclerosis in children, thus reducing saturated (SFA) and trans-fatty acids (TFA) intake from an early age may help to reduce cholesterol and the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. The aim of this review is to examine the evidence for health effects associated with reducing SFA and TFA intake in free-living children, adolescents and young adults between 2 to 19 years of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148088/effectiveness-of-an-intensive-intervention-to-improve-lifestyles-in-subjects-with-intermediate-cardiovascular-risk-date-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Natalia Sanchez-Aguadero, Sara Mora-Simon, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Rosario Alonso-Dominguez, Jesus Gonzalez-Sanchez, Cristina Martin-Martin, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive intervention led by primary care nurses for lifestyle modification among subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases may be prevented by adopting healthy lifestyles. Interventions focused on populations at risk are more efficient than those aimed at the general population. More than 50 per cent of cardiovascular events occur in subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk, but only a few studies have targeted this population...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145355/disparities-in-state-specific-adult-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-united-states-2015
#6
Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Latetia V Moore, Heidi M Blanck, Diane M Harris, Deb Galuska
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that Americans consume more fruits and vegetables as part of an overall dietary pattern to reduce the risk for diet-related chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and obesity (1). Adults should consume 1.5-2.0 cup equivalents of fruits and 2.0-3.0 cups of vegetables per day.* Overall, few adults in each state met intake recommendations according to 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data; however, sociodemographic characteristics known to be associated with fruit and vegetable consumption were not examined (2)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141990/rna-sequencing-of-drosophila-melanogaster-head-tissue-on-high-sugar-and-high-fat-diets
#7
Wayne Hemphill, Osvaldo Rivera, Matthew Talbert
Obesity has been shown to increase risk for cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes. In addition, it has been implicated in aggravation of neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's. In the model organism Drosophila melanogaster, a physiological state mimicking diet-induced obesity can be induced by subjecting fruit flies to a solid medium disproportionately higher in sugar than protein or that has been supplemented with a rich source of saturated fat. These flies can exhibit increased circulating glucose levels, increased triglyceride content, insulin-like peptide resistance, and behavior indicative of neurological decline...
November 15, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141575/the-protective-effects-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-on-immune-mediated-inflammatory-responses
#8
Rosa Casas, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Sacanella
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The increasing interest in the Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) hinges on the relevant role it plays in inflammatory diseases. Several clinical, epidemiological and experimental evidences suggest that consumption of the MeDiet reduces the incidence of certain pathologies related to oxidative stress, chronic inflammation and immune system diseases such as cancer, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). DISCUSSION: These reductions can be partially attributed to extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) consumption which has been described as a key bioactive food because of its high nutritional quality and its particular composition of fatty acids, vitamins and polyphenols...
November 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141574/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-polyphenols-which-role-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-immune-mediated-inflammatory-diseases
#9
Carmela Santangelo, Rosaria Vari, Beatrice Scazzocchio, Patrizia De Sanctis, Claudio Giovannini, Massimo D'Archivio, Roberta Masella
Altered inflammatory response characterizes chronic immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and psoriasis. Accumulating evidence indicates that regular consumption of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), the main source of fat in the Mediterranean diet, is associated with a reduced risk of developing chronic degenerative disorders such cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and cancer. The beneficial effects on health of EVOO have been attributed, besides to the monounsaturated fats content, to the presence of phenolic compounds that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties...
November 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141571/extra-virgin-olive-oil-and-cardiovascular-diseases-benefits-for-human-health
#10
Cristina Nocella, Vittoria Cammisotto, Luca Fianchini, Alessandra D'Amico, Marta Novo, Valentina Castellani, Lucia Stefanini, Francesco Violi, Roberto Carnevale
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The cardioprotective properties of Mediterranean Diet were demonstrated for the first time from the Seven Country Study. In the last few decades, numerous epidemiological studies, as well as intervention trial, confirmed this observation, pointing out the close relationship between the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular diseases. In this context, extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), the most representative component of this diet, seems to be relevant in lowering the incidence of cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction and stroke...
November 14, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141349/-evaluation-and-application-of-estimation-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-based-on-serum-creatinine-and-cystatin-c-in-renal-function-staging
#11
Z X Shen, Y Liu, M Liu, H Zheng, X J Wu, C Shen
Objective: To evaluate the accordance of chronic kidney disease (CKD) staging between the CKD-EPI2009 equation, the CKD-EPI2012 equation and the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) equation and compare the predictive value of common cardiovascular disease. Methods: A total of 11 151 adults from Jurong area, Jiangsu province, were surveyed from September to November in 2015 and their serum creatinine and cystatin C were detected. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated by three equations...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140419/dietary-glutamine-glutamate-and-mortality-two-large-prospective-studies-in-us-men-and-women
#12
Wenjie Ma, Yoriko Heianza, Tao Huang, Tiange Wang, Dianjianyi Sun, Yan Zheng, Frank B Hu, Kathryn M Rexrode, JoAnn E Manson, Lu Qi
Background: Emerging studies have related circulating glutamine metabolites to various chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer; diet is the major source of nutrients involved in glutamine metabolism. However, it remains unknown whether dietary intakes of glutamine, glutamate,and their ratio are related to total and cause-specific mortality. Methods: We followed 74 082 women from the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2012) and 42 303 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2012), who were free of cardiovascular disease and cancer at baseline...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138182/disparities-in-the-quality-of-cardiovascular-care-between-hiv-infected-versus-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Joseph A Ladapo, Adam K Richards, Cassandra M DeWitt, Nina T Harawa, Steven Shoptaw, William E Cunningham, John N Mafi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with HIV. We compared use of national guideline-recommended cardiovascular care during office visits among HIV-infected versus HIV-uninfected adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients aged 40 to 79 years in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2006 to 2013...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138180/inhibition-of-vascular-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-2-improves-obesity-induced-endothelial-dysfunction-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#14
Petia Doytcheva, Thomas Bächler, Erika Tarasco, Vincenzo Marzolla, Michael Engeli, Giovanni Pellegrini, Simona Stivala, Lucia Rohrer, Francesco Tona, Giovanni G Camici, Paul M Vanhoutte, Christian M Matter, Thomas A Lutz, Thomas F Lüscher, Elena Osto
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) reduces obesity-associated comorbidities and cardiovascular mortality. RYGB improves endothelial dysfunction, reducing c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) vascular phosphorylation. JNK activation links obesity with insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. Herein, we examined whether JNK1 or JNK2 mediates obesity-induced endothelial dysfunction and if pharmacological JNK inhibition can mimic RYGB vascular benefits. METHODS AND RESULTS: After 7 weeks of a high-fat high-cholesterol diet, obese rats underwent RYGB or sham surgery; sham-operated ad libitum-fed rats received, for 8 days, either the control peptide D-TAT or the JNK peptide inhibitor D-JNKi-1 (20 mg/kg per day subcutaneous)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138133/effects-of-weight-loss-interventions-for-adults-who-are-obese-on-mortality-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Chenhan Ma, Alison Avenell, Mark Bolland, Jemma Hudson, Fiona Stewart, Clare Robertson, Pawana Sharma, Cynthia Fraser, Graeme MacLennan
Objective To assess whether weight loss interventions for adults with obesity affect all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and body weight.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using random effects, estimating risk ratios, and mean differences. Heterogeneity investigated using Cochran's Q and I(2) statistics. Quality of evidence assessed by GRADE criteria.Data sources Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and full texts in our trials' registry for data not evident in databases...
November 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136819/alteration-in-the-liver-metabolome-of-rats-with-metabolic-syndrome-after-treatment-with-hydroxytyrosol-a-mass-spectrometry-and-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-based-metabolomics-study
#16
Ioanna Dagla, Dimitra Benaki, Eirini Baira, Nikolaos Lemonakis, Hemant Poudyal, Lindsay Brown, Anthony Tsarbopoulos, Alexios-Leandros Skaltsounis, Emmanouel Mikros, Evagelos Gikas
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a group of abnormalities that enhances the risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and stroke. The Mediterranean diet seems to be an important dietary pattern, which reduces the incidence of MetS. Hydroxytyrosol (HT) - a simple phenol found in olive oil - has received increased attention for its antioxidant activity. Recently, the European Foods Safety Authority (EFSA) claimed that dietary consumption of HT exhibits a protective role against cardiovascular disease. In this study, an experimental protocol has been setup, including isolated HT administration in a diet induced model of MetS in young Wistar rats, in order to find out whether HT has a protective effect against MetS...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136772/trimethylamine-n-oxide-promotes-atherosclerosis-via-cd36-dependent-mapk-jnk-pathway
#17
Jin Geng, Chenchen Yang, Bingjian Wang, Xiwen Zhang, Tingting Hu, Yang Gu, Ju Li
BACKGROUND: Many studies have identified trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) as a new risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. It has been suggested that TMAO promotes atherosclerosis development. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. METHODS: Apoe-/- mice were fed a high-fat diet and given water with or without TMAO for 8-week. Histological and immunohistological analyses were used to evaluate the atherogenic effect of TMAO in vivo. We also employed peritoneal elicited macrophages and RAW264...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135691/control-of-intestinal-lipoprotein-secretion-by-dietary-carbohydrates
#18
Priska Stahel, Changting Xiao, Gary F Lewis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lipoproteins secreted by the intestine can contribute to dyslipidemia and may increase risk for CVD. This review focuses on how dietary carbohydrates can impact the production of chylomicrons, thereby influencing plasma concentrations of triglycerides and lipoproteins. RECENT FINDINGS: Hypercaloric diets high in monosaccharides can exacerbate postprandial triglyceride concentration...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135687/environmental-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-postprandial-lipemia
#19
Laurence D Parnell, Jose M Ordovas, Chao-Qiang Lai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postprandial lipemia (PPL), the prolonged increase in plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins following food consumption, is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Genetic variation, environment and the interplay between these direct an individual's postprandial lipid response. From such interplay, inducible and reversible epigenetic changes arise. Increasing evidence suggests epigenetic variation contributes to postprandial response in lipids and risk...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134505/upregulated-sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-1-expression-in-human-and-murine-atherosclerotic-plaques
#20
Hui Liu, Hongjun Jin, Junbin Han, Xuyi Yue, Hao Yang, Mohamed A Zayed, Robert J Gropler, Zhude Tu
PURPOSE: Dysregulation of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1) signaling contributes to inflammation-related pathophysiological changes in cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis (AS). S1PR1-targeting compounds significantly reduce lesion size in murine models of AS. Therefore, characterization of S1PR1 expression in vitro and in vivo in atherosclerotic plaque could enable mechanistic studies and inform S1PR1 targeted therapies. PROCEDURES: H&E staining and immunostaining studies were performed on variably diseased human femoral endarterectomy plaque specimens, as well as mouse aortic sections from ApoE(-/-) mice maintained on a high-fat diet (AS mice)...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
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