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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776901/a-moderated-e-forum-for-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease-usability-study
#1
Rika Tanaka, Anita Banerjee, Jelena Surikova, Jacqueline Tracey, Ada Payne, Heather Ross, Robert Nolan
BACKGROUND: Self-care behaviors are commonly prescribed to manage both cardiovascular disease and hypertension to reduce modifiable risk factors and improve quality of life. Nevertheless, long-term adherence to self-care recommendations for cardiac patients has been problematic. In cardiac patients, moderated online forums have been found to be particularly useful in supporting maintenance of heart-healthy diet and fewer hospital visits. As such, we developed the e-Forum, a Web-based moderated forum designed to promote continued user engagement and long-term self-care adherence...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776780/racial-disparities-in-cardiovascular-health-behaviors-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-study
#2
Kara M Whitaker, David R Jacobs, Kiarri N Kershaw, Ryan T Demmer, John N Booth, April P Carson, Cora E Lewis, David C Goff, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Catarina I Kiefe
INTRODUCTION: There are known racial differences in cardiovascular health behaviors, including smoking, physical activity, and diet quality. A better understanding of these differences may help identify intervention targets for reducing cardiovascular disease disparities. This study examined whether socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood environmental factors, in isolation or together, mediate racial differences in health behaviors. METHODS: Participants were 3,081 men and women from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study who were enrolled in 1985-1986 (Year 0) and completed a follow-up examination in 2015-2016 (Year 30)...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775496/young-adult-s-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ronald Trejo, Wendy Cross, John Stephenson, Karen-Leigh Edward
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore young adult's knowledge and attitudes of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease morbidity is rising and mortality is declining among young adults. However, the knowledge of cardiovascular disease by young adults is not well known. DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analysis was used. METHODS: The databases of CINHAL, Medline Complete, PsychINFO and Psycharticles were searched for all studies published before June 2016...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772531/effects-of-oxidized-lipids-and-lipoproteins-on-cardiac-function
#4
Tahar Hajri
Oxidative modifications of lipids and lipoproteins have long been linked to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis and coronary disease. Furthermore, overwhelming evidence indicate that oxidized lipids are also associated with myocardial dysfunction and cardiomyopathy. Oxidized lipid derivatives are generated by enzymatic and non-enzymatic reactions with unsaturated lipids in the cell and foods. In addition, blood LDL particles are prone to oxidation leading to the formation of oxidized LDL (oxLDL), which is often associated with obesity, diabetes and metabolic disease...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771736/the-role-of-diet-for-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#5
Cemal Ozemek, Deepika R Laddu, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regular consumption of a diet high in sodium, energy dense foods, fat content, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and low in fruits and vegetables contributes to an increased risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. This review aims to provide a synopsis of evidence-based dietary approaches that have been effective in lowering blood pressure (BP) in pre-HTN and individuals with HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent dietary recommendations have emphasized overall dietary patterns and its relation between food and BP...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764693/prospective-cohort-studies-of-dietary-vitamin-b6-intake-and-risk-of-cause-specific-mortality
#6
Long-Gang Zhao, Xiao-Ou Shu, Hong-Lan Li, Jing Gao, Li-Hua Han, Jing Wang, Jie Fang, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Yong-Bing Xiang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vitamin B6 has been postulated to play an important role in determining chronic diseases. However, few studies have evaluated associations between dietary vitamin B6 and cause-specific mortality comprehensively. METHODS: We investigated the associations between vitamin B6 from diet and risk of all-cause, and cause-specific mortality in 134,480 participants from the Shanghai Men's Health Study (2002-2014) and Shanghai Women's Health Study (1997-2014)...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763722/lifestyle-determinants-of-healthy-ageing-in-a-mediterranean-population-the-multinational-medis-study
#7
Alexandra Foscolou, Emmanuella Magriplis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Anna Polystipioti, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Labros S Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: To evaluate modifiable, lifestyle risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among older adults, across ageing, in the Mediterranean area. METHODS: During 2005-2017, 3131 individuals from 26 Mediterranean islands of 5 countries, ≥65 years of age, were voluntarily enrolled. Anthropometrical, clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits, lifestyle parameters were measured through standard procedures. Analyses were performed by year and across consecutive age groups of the participants...
May 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762522/dietary-pattern-and-plasma-bcaa-variations-in-healthy-men-and-women-results-from-the-karmen-study
#8
Benedikt Merz, Lara Frommherz, Manuela J Rist, Sabine E Kulling, Achim Bub, Bernhard Watzl
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in plasma are discussed as risk factors for the onset of several diseases. Information about the contribution of the overall diet to plasma BCAA concentrations is controversial. Our objective was to investigate which dietary pattern is associated with plasma BCAA concentrations and whether other additional nutrients besides BCAA further characterize this dietary pattern. Based on the cross-sectional KarMeN study, fasting plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations, as well as current and habitual dietary intake were assessed in 298 healthy individuals...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759646/quantification-of-38-dietary-polyphenols-in-plasma-by-differential-isotope-labelling-and-liquid-chromatography-electrospray-ionization-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#9
David Achaintre, Audrey Gicquiau, Liang Li, Sabina Rinaldi, Augustin Scalbert
Polyphenols constitute one of the most complex classes of phytochemicals in the human diet and have been suggested to play a role in the prevention of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancers. However, evidence from epidemiological studies is still needed to better understand their role in disease prevention. To do so, robust methods for the accurate measurement of these molecules in large series of samples are needed. We report here the development of a highly-sensitive method based on differential isotope labelling with 13 C- and 12 C-dansyl chloride for the analysis of 38 structurally diverse polyphenols in 50 μL plasma by tandem mass spectrometry with limits of quantification varying between 0...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757885/maximizing-your-nutrition-minute-bridging-nutritional-gaps-across-the-life-span
#10
Wendy L Wright, Kathleen M Zelman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Poor diet quality has been associated with increased mortality and an increased risk of chronic disease. Given the shortfalls in the typical American diet and the prevalence of nutrition-related chronic disease among US adults, the need for nutrition education is paramount. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are well placed to provide basic nutrition counseling but often face challenges to making this a reality. In a typical office visit, the time available to discuss diet and nutrition can be as little as one minute or less...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757226/inflammation-not-cholesterol-is-a-cause-of-chronic-disease
#11
REVIEW
Alexandros Tsoupras, Ronan Lordan, Ioannis Zabetakis
Since the Seven Countries Study, dietary cholesterol and the levels of serum cholesterol in relation to the development of chronic diseases have been somewhat demonised. However, the principles of the Mediterranean diet and relevant data linked to the examples of people living in the five blue zones demonstrate that the key to longevity and the prevention of chronic disease development is not the reduction of dietary or serum cholesterol but the control of systemic inflammation. In this review, we present all the relevant data that supports the view that it is inflammation induced by several factors, such as platelet-activating factor (PAF), that leads to the onset of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) rather than serum cholesterol...
May 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755576/cold-pressed-minke-whale-oil-reduces-circulating-ldl-vldl-cholesterol-lipid-oxidation-and-atherogenesis-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice-fed-a-western-type-diet-for-13-weeks
#12
Mari Johannessen Walquist, Svein Kristian Stormo, Bjarne Østerud, Edel O Elvevoll, Karl-Erik Eilertsen
Background: Long-chain n3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n3-PUFA) are well known for their anti-inflammatory activity and their impact on cardiovascular disease. Cold-pressed whale oil (CWO) has half the amount of LC n3-PUFA compared to cod liver oil (CLO). Still, there has been observed more pronounced beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease markers from intake of CWO compared to intake of CLO in human intervention studies. Extracts from CWO deprived of fatty acids have also been shown to display antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#13
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754438/targeting-transcriptional-control-of-soluble-guanylyl-cyclase-via-notch-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#14
REVIEW
Catarina Rippe, Sebastian Albinsson, Gregor Guron, Holger Nilsson, Karl Swärd
Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is an effector enzyme of nitric oxide (NO). Recent work has unraveled how levels of this enzyme are controlled, and highlighted a role in vascular disease. We provide a timely summary of available knowledge on transcriptional regulation of sGC, including influences from the NOTCH signaling pathway and genetic variants. It is speculated that hypertension-induced repression of sGC starts a vicious circle that can be initiated by periods of stress, diet or genetic factors, and a key tenet is that reduction of sGC further raises blood pressure...
May 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754388/consumption-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-mtcc-5898-fermented-milk-attenuates-dyslipidemia-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-male-rats-fed-on-cholesterol-enriched-diet
#15
Radha Yadav, Suhail Hakeem Khan, Sanusi Bello Mada, Sunita Meena, Rajeev Kapila, Suman Kapila
There is a growing and alarming prevalence that increased serum cholesterol is closely related to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Probiotic consumption could be a safe and natural strategy to combat. Therefore, we sought to examine the cholesterol-lowering potential of co-supplementation of probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus fermentum MTCC: 5898-fermented buffalo milk (2.5% fat) in rats fed cholesterol-enriched diet. Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups on the basis of feed, viz. group 1, fed standard diet (SD); group 2, fed cholesterol-enriched diet (CED); and group 3, fed cholesterol-enriched diet along with L...
May 13, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753396/prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-the-million-veteran-program
#16
Xuan-Mai T Nguyen, Rachel M Quaden, Sarah Wolfrum, Rebecca J Song, Joseph Q Yan, David R Gagnon, Peter W F Wilson, Kelly Cho, Christopher O'Donnell, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djousse
No data exist on the prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in a national sample of U.S. veterans. We assessed the prevalence of ideal Life's Simple Seven (LSS) metrics in a cross-sectional study of 554,855 U.S. veterans enrolled in the Million Veteran Program (MVP) from 2011 to 2017. We used the American Heart Association's established criteria to categorize each LSS metric as either poor, intermediate, or ideal for a veteran at time of MVP enrollment. Information on adiposity/body mass index, smoking status, diet, and physical activity was obtained from self-reported survey data, and clinical measurements for total cholesterol, blood pressure, and plasma glucose were obtained from electronic health records...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753146/exposure-to-acrylamide-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2006
#17
Yu Zhang, Mengmeng Huang, Pan Zhuang, Jingjing Jiao, Xinyu Chen, Jun Wang, Yongning Wu
BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to acrylamide (AA) from diet sources may induce oxidative stress and chronic inflammation. However, the association between AA exposure and the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the association between blood exposure levels of AA biomarkers and the prevalence of main types of CVD in a general population of US adults. METHODS: We analyzed the associations between AA hemoglobin biomarkers [hemoglobin adducts of acrylamide (HbAA) and glycidamide (HbGA), sum of HbAA and HbGA (HbAA+HbGA), and ratio of HbGA to HbAA (HbGA:HbAA)] and self-reported diagnosis of CVD in 8290 adults (≥20 years of age) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006...
May 9, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752959/the-contribution-of-health-behaviors-to-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Dusan Petrovic, Carlos de Mestral, Murielle Bochud, Mel Bartley, Mika Kivimäki, Paolo Vineis, Johan Mackenbach, Silvia Stringhini
Unhealthy behaviors and their social patterning have been frequently proposed as factors mediating socioeconomic differences in health. However, a clear quantification of the contribution of health behaviors to the socioeconomic gradient in health is lacking. This study systematically reviews the role of health behaviors in explaining socioeconomic inequalities in health. Published studies were identified by a systematic review of PubMed, Embase and Web-of-Science. Four health behaviors were considered: smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet...
May 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752709/association-between-a-pro-plant-based-dietary-score-and-cancer-risk-in-the-prospective-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#19
Abou Kane-Diallo, Bernard Srour, Laury Sellem, Mélanie Deschasaux, Paule Latino-Martel, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Philippine Fassier, Françoise Guéraud, Fabrice H Pierre, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier
Diverse plant products (e.g. fruits, vegetables, legumes) are associated with decreased cancer risk at several locations while red and processed meat were found to increase cancer risk. A pro plant-based dietary score reflecting the relative contribution of consumed plant vs animal products was developed, and was associated with lower overall mortality, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk, among omnivorous adults. For the first time, we investigated the prospective associations between this pro plant-based dietary score and cancer risk...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752697/biofortification-of-safflower-an-oil-seed-crop-engineered-for-ala-targeting-better-sustainability-and-plant-based-omega-3-fatty-acids
#20
Arti Rani, Asha Panwar, Manjary Sathe, Karunakara Alageri Chandrashekhara, Anil Kush
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed n6:n3 fatty acid ratio in the diet is a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is mounting evidence of the health benefits associated with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA's). Although present in abundance in fish, a number of factors limit our consumption of fish based omega-3 PUFA's. To name a few, overexploitation of wild fish stocks has reduced their sustainability due to increased demand of aquaculture for fish oil and meal; the pollution of marine food webs has raised concerns over the ingestion of toxic substances such as heavy metals and dioxins; vegetarians do not consider fish-based sources for supplemental nutrition...
May 11, 2018: Transgenic Research
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