keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diet cvd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430983/absence-of-endothelial-er%C3%AE-results-in-arterial-remodeling-and-decreased-stiffness-in-western-diet-fed-male-mice
#1
Camila Manrique-Acevedo, Francisco I Ramirez-Perez, Jaume Padilla, Victoria J Vieira-Potter, Annayya R Aroor, Brady J Barron, Dongqing Chen, Dominic Haertling, Cory Declue, James R Sowers, Luis A Martinez-Lemus
The role of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) signaling in the vasculature of females has been described under different experimental conditions and our group recently reported that lack of endothelial ERα in female mice fed a Western diet (WD) results in amelioration of vascular stiffness. Conversely, the role of ERα in the male vasculature in this setting has not been explored. In conditions of over-nutrition and insulin resistance, augmented arterial stiffness, endothelial dysfunction and arterial remodeling contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease...
April 18, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430866/maternal-high-sucrose-diets-altered-vascular-large-conductance-ca2-activated-k-channels-via-reactive-oxygen-species-in-offspring-rats%C3%A2
#2
Xueqin Feng, Xiuwen Zhou, Wenna Zhang, Xiang Li, Axin He, Bailin Liu, Ruixiu Shi, Lei Wu, Jue Wu, Di Zhu, Na Li, Miao Sun, Zhice Xu
Overnutrition during pregnancy could increase risks of cardiovascular diseases in late life. This study investigated whether and how reactive oxygen species (ROS) may influence functions of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BKCa) in the offspring exposed to prenatal high-sucrose (HS). We found that prenatal high-sucrose diets significantly increased phenylephrine (PE)-induced vessel contractions in mesenteric arteries of the adult offspring. Pretreatment with iberiotoxin (BKCa blocker, IBTX) significantly increased PE-mediated vascular contractions in the control, not in the HS group...
April 18, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430815/soy-and-fish-as-features-of-the-japanese-diet-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks
#3
Yukio Yamori, Miki Sagara, Yoshimi Arai, Hitomi Kobayashi, Kazumi Kishimoto, Ikuko Matsuno, Hideki Mori, Mari Mori
In the World Health Organization (WHO)-coordinated Cardiovascular Disease and Alimentary Comparison Study, isoflavones (I; biomarker for dietary soy) and taurine (T; biomarker for dietary fish) in 24-hour-urine (24U) were inversely related to coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. High levels of these biomarkers are found in Japanese people, whose CHD mortality is lowest among developed countries. We analyzed the association of these biomarkers with cardiovascular disease risk in the Japanese to know their health effects within one ethnic population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#4
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429701/-microbiota-and-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Yüksel Altuntaş, Adnan Batman
The role of gut bacteria in the pathogenesis and treatment of various diseases has been a focus of attention in the last 10 years. Prevalence of diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular diseases continues to increase, in spite of technological developments and treatment alternatives. Microbial dysbiosis, described as the decrease of useful bacteria and the increase of harmful bacteria, has been associated with diabetes, obesity, atherosclerosis, and metabolic syndrome. In microbial dysbiosis, increase of harmful metabolites and changes to composition of bile acids occur via carbohydrate and protein fermentation...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428219/deficiency-of-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-protects-against-atherosclerosis-in-rabbits
#6
Jifeng Zhang, Manabu Niimi, Dongshan Yang, Jingyan Liang, Jie Xu, Tokuhide Kimura, Anna V Mattew, Yanhong Guo, Yanbo Fan, Tianqing Zhu, Jun Song, Rose Ackermann, Yui Koike, Anna Schwendeman, Liangxue Lai, Subramaniam Pennathur, Minerva Garcia-Barrio, Jianglin Fan, Y Eugene Chen
OBJECTIVE: CETP (cholesteryl ester transfer protein) plays an important role in lipoprotein metabolism; however, whether inhibition of CETP activity can prevent cardiovascular disease remains controversial. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We generated CETP knockout (KO) rabbits by zinc finger nuclease gene editing and compared their susceptibility to cholesterol diet-induced atherosclerosis to that of wild-type (WT) rabbits. On a chow diet, KO rabbits showed higher plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol than WT controls, and HDL particles of KO rabbits were essentially rich in apolipoprotein AI and apolipoprotein E contents...
April 20, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428072/membrane-lipid-alterations-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-the-role-of-dietary-oils
#7
REVIEW
Javier S Perona
The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of pathological conditions, including hypertension, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity and low HDL levels that is of great concern worldwide, as individuals with metabolic syndrome have an increased risk of type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance, the key feature of the metabolic syndrome, might be at the same time cause and consequence of impaired lipid composition in plasma membranes of insulin-sensitive tissues like liver, muscle and adipose tissue...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426714/a-genetic-risk-score-for-cad-psychological-stress-and-their-interaction-as-predictors-of-cad-fatal-mi-non-fatal-mi-and-cardiovascular-death
#8
Thomas Svensson, Mariusz Kitlinski, Gunnar Engström, Olle Melander
BACKGROUND: Psychological stress is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the mechanism by which stress is associated with CVD is not entirely understood. Although genetic factors are implied in both stress responsivity and cardiovascular reactivity, no studies to date have investigated their interactions with stress for cardiovascular end points. The objective was to elucidate the association and interactions between a genetic risk score (GRS), individual genetic variants and stress for three cardiovascular end points: coronary artery disease (CAD), fatal myocardial infarction (MI), non-fatal MI, and cardiovascular death...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424187/a-mediterranean-diet-lowers-blood-pressure-and-improves-endothelial-function-results-from-the-medley-randomized-intervention-trial
#9
Courtney R Davis, Jonathan M Hodgson, Richard Woodman, Janet Bryan, Carlene Wilson, Karen J Murphy
Background: The consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, its impact on blood pressure and endothelial function is not clear.Objective: We sought to determine the effects of adhering to the consumption of a MedDiet for 6 mo on blood pressure and endothelial function in older, healthy Australians.Design: A total of 166 men and women aged >64 y were allocated via minimization to consume either a MedDiet (n = 85) or their habitual diet (HabDiet; control: n = 81) for 6 mo...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420122/the-effect-of-salt-intake-and-potassium-supplementation-on-serum-gastrin-levels-in-chinese-adults-a-randomized-trial
#10
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Wen-Wen He, Yan-Chun Liu, Yi-Feng Lin, Lu-Fei Hong
Excess dietary salt is strongly correlated with cardiovascular disease, morbidity, and mortality. Conversely, potassium likely elicits favorable effects against cardiovascular disorders. Gastrin, which is produced by the G-cells of the stomach and duodenum, can increase renal sodium excretion and regulate blood pressure by acting on the cholecystokinin B receptor. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of altered salt and potassium supplementation on serum gastrin levels in humans. A total of 44 subjects (38-65 years old) were selected from a rural community in northern China...
April 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418619/determination-of-lipoic-acid-in-human-urine-by-capillary-zone-electrophoresis
#11
Paweł Kubalczyk, Rafał Głowacki
Fast, simple and accurate CE method enabling determination of lipoic acid (LA) in human urine has been developed and validated. LA is a disulfide-containing natural compound absorbed from the organism's diet. Due to powerful antioxidant activity, LA has been used for prevention and treatment of various diseases and disorders, e.g. cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative disorders and cancer. The proposed analytical procedure consists of liquid-liquid sample extraction, reduction of LA with tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine, derivatization with 1-benzyl-2-chloropyridinium bromide (BCPB) followed by field amplified sample injection stacking, capillary zone electrophoresis separation and ultraviolet-absorbance detection of LA-BCPB derivative at 322 nm...
April 18, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#12
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415042/determinants-of-increasing-serum-pops-in-a-population-at-high-risk-for-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-predimed-canarias-study
#13
Luis A Henríquez-Hernández, Octavio P Luzardo, Manuel Zumbado, Lluis Serra-Majem, Pilar F Valerón, María Camacho, Jacqueline Álvarez-Pérez, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Luis D Boada
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are well-known ubiquitous environmental chemicals which have been related to adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate POPs burden, and its determinants, in a population at high risk of suffering CVD enrolled in the PREDIMED Study (Spanish acronym for PREvention by means of MEDiterranean Diet). This cohort was formed by 343 participants (55-80 y.o.), which were selected for a preventive nutritional intervention for CVD based on the Mediterranean Diet...
April 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412644/an-association-of-health-behaviors-with-depression-and-metabolic-risks-data-from-2007-to-2014-u-s-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#14
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Yang Yu, Rick Hess, Ronghai Bie
BACKGROUND: Both depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) confer an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence suggests healthy behaviors are crucial to maintain, improve and manage chronical disease and mental health; and unhealthy diet and sedentary behavior were found two major risk factors of MetS. The objective of this study was to investigate whether health behaviors (alcohol consumption, smoking, diet and recreational physical activity) are associated with depression and metabolic syndrome simultaneously...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412087/pregestational-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-induces-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-the-murine-embryo-through-cardiac-remodeling-and-fibrosis
#15
Xue Lin, Penghua Yang, E Albert Reece, Peixin Yang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac hypertrophy is highly prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Experimental evidence has implied that pregnant women with T2DM and their children are at an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Our previous mouse model study has revealed that maternal T2DM induces structural heart defects in their offspring. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to determine whether maternal T2DM induces embryonic heart hypertrophy in a murine model of diabetic embryopathy...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409336/dietary-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-trans-10-cis-12-conjugated-linoleic-acid-differentially-alter-oxylipin-profiles-in-mouse-periuterine-adipose-tissue
#16
Yuriko Adkins, Benjamin J Belda, Theresa L Pedersen, Dawn M Fedor, Bruce E Mackey, John W Newman, Darshan S Kelley
Diets containing high n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) decrease inflammation and the incidence of chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease while trans-fatty acids (TFA) intake increases the incidence of these conditions. Some health benefits of n-3 PUFA are mediated through the impact of their oxygenated metabolites, i.e. oxylipins. The TFA, trans-10, cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA; 18:2n-6) is associated with adipose tissue (AT) inflammation, oxidative stress, and wasting...
April 13, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406244/cortistatin-reduces-atherosclerosis-in-hyperlipidemic-apoe-deficient-mice-and-the-formation-of-foam-cells
#17
Virginia Delgado-Maroto, Raquel Benitez, Irene Forte-Lago, Maria Morell, Elena Maganto-Garcia, Luciana Souza-Moreira, Francisco O'Valle, Mario Duran-Prado, Andrew H Lichtman, Elena Gonzalez-Rey, Mario Delgado
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory cardiovascular disease that is responsible of high mortality worldwide. Evidence indicates that maladaptive autoimmune responses in the arterial wall play critical roles in the process of atherosclerosis. Cortistatin is a neuropeptide expressed in the vascular system and atherosclerotic plaques that regulates vascular calcification and neointimal formation, and inhibits inflammation in different experimental models of autoimmune diseases. Its role in inflammatory cardiovascular disorders is largely unexplored...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405988/a-study-of-salt-and-fat-consumption-pattern-in-regional-indian-diet-among-hypertensive-and-dyslipidemic-patients-script-study
#18
Dayanand Kumbla, Mala Dharmalingam, Kalpesh Dalvi, Saumitra Ray, Mahesh K Shah, Sanjay Gupta, S Sadhanandham, A K Ajmani, Sanjay Nag, Srinivas Murthy, Mohana Murugan, Abhijit Trailokya, Tushar Fegade
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are leading cause of mortality and morbidity. There is an increasing prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia due to globalization and adoption of westernized dietary habits in India. These transitions are manifest in dietary patterns and health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To study the dietary salt and fat intake among patients diagnosed with hypertension and dyslipidemia in India. METHODS: SCRIPT study was a pilot exploratory, cross-sectional, observational, descriptive, multi-center study...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405344/successful-long-term-weight-loss-among-participants-with-diabetes-receiving-an-intervention-promoting-an-adapted-mediterranean-style-dietary-pattern-the-heart-healthy-lenoir-project
#19
Genevieve G R Embree, Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Larry F Johnston, Beverly A Garcia, Ziya Gizlice, Kelly R Evenson, Darren A DeWalt, Alice S Ammerman, Thomas C Keyserling
OBJECTIVE: To examine weight change by diabetes status among participants receiving a Mediterranean-style diet, physical activity, and weight loss intervention adapted for delivery in the southeastern USA, where rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are disproportionately high. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The intervention included: Phase I (months 1-6), an individually tailored intervention promoting a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern and increased walking; Phase II (months 7-12), option of a 16-week weight loss intervention for those with BMI≥25 kg/m(2) offered as 16 weekly group sessions or 5 group sessions and 10 phone calls, or a lifestyle maintenance intervention; and Phase III (months 13-24), weight loss maintenance intervention for those losing ≥8 pounds with all others receiving a lifestyle maintenance intervention...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404591/intravital-imaging-of-the-kidney-in-a-rat-model-of-salt-sensitive-hypertension
#20
Bradley T Endres, Ruben M Sandoval, George J Rhodes, Silvia B Campos-Bilderback, Malgorzata M Kamocka, Christopher McDermott-Roe, Alexander Staruschenko, Bruce A Molitoris, Aron M Geurts, Oleg Palygin
Hypertension is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide, and a major risk factor for renal failure and cardiovascular disease. The role of albuminuria, a common feature of hypertension and robust predictor of cardiorenal disorders, remains incompletely understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the mechanisms leading to albuminuria in the kidney of a rat model of hypertension, the Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rat. To determine the relative contributions of the glomerulus and proximal tubule (PT) to albuminuria, we applied intravital two-photon-based imaging to investigate the complex renal physiological changes that occur during salt-induced hypertension...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
keyword
keyword
31387
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"