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Laparoscopic colorectal resection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917020/predicting-opportunities-to-increase-utilization-of-laparoscopy-for-rectal-cancer
#1
Deborah S Keller, Jiejing Qiu, Anthony J Senagore
BACKGROUND: Despite proven safety and efficacy, rates of laparoscopy for rectal cancer in the US are low. With reports of inferiority with laparoscopy compared to open surgery, and movements to develop accredited centers, investigating utilization and predictors of laparoscopy are warranted. Our goal was to evaluate current utilization and identify factors impacting use of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer. METHODS: The Premier™ Hospital Database was reviewed for elective inpatient rectal cancer resections (1/1/2010-6/30/2015)...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917012/operative-and-short-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-liver-resection-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-located-in-the-posterosuperior-liver-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#2
Masayuki Okuno, Claire Goumard, Takashi Mizuno, Kiyohiko Omichi, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Yun Shin Chun, Thomas A Aloia, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic resection (LLR) of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) located in the posterosuperior liver (segments 4a, 7, and 8) is challenging but has become more practical recently due to progress in operative techniques. We aimed to compare tumor-specific, perioperative, and short-term oncological outcomes after LLR and open liver resection (OLR) for CRLM. METHODS: Patients who underwent curative resection of CRLM with at least 1 tumor in the posterosuperior liver during 2012-2015 were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916895/the-cost-of-conversion-in-robotic-and-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#3
Robert K Cleary, Andrew J Mullard, Jane Ferraro, Scott E Regenbogen
BACKGROUND: Conversion from minimally invasive to open colorectal surgery remains common and costly. Robotic colorectal surgery is associated with lower rates of conversion than laparoscopy, but institutions and payers remain concerned about equipment and implementation costs. Recognizing that reimbursement reform and bundled payments expand perspectives on cost to include the entire surgical episode, we evaluated the role of minimally invasive conversion in total payments. METHODS: This is an observational study from a linked data registry including clinical data from the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative and payment data from the Michigan Value Collaborative between July 2012 and April 2015...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916861/predictors-of-adherence-to-enhanced-recovery-pathway-elements-after-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#4
Juan Mata, Julio F Fiore, Nicolo Pecorelli, Barry L Stein, Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Liane S Feldman
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERP) include a bundle of evidence-based preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative interventions that together reduce morbidity and length of stay after colorectal surgery. Increased adherence with the bundle is associated with better postoperative outcomes, but adherence is lowest in the postoperative period. Identifying risk factors for lower adherence may help design quality improvement strategies. The aim of this study was to estimate the extent to which patient, procedural, and organizational factors predict adherence to postoperative ERP elements in laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900886/the-effect-of-obesity-on-laparoscopic-and-robotic-assisted-colorectal-surgery-outcomes-an-acs-nsqip-database-analysis
#5
Jeffrey N Harr, Ivy N Haskins, Richard L Amdur, Samir Agarwal, Vincent Obias
Advantages of robotic-assisted colorectal surgery have been reported, but the effect on outcomes between obese and non-obese patients undergoing laparoscopic and robotic-assisted colorectal surgery remains unclear. Patients who underwent elective laparoscopic and robotic colon or rectal resections between 2012 and 2014 were identified in the ACS-NSQIP database. Propensity score matching was performed to determine the effect of obesity on laparoscopic and robotic-assisted 30-day surgical outcomes. 29,172 patients met inclusion criteria; 27,693 (94...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895143/randomized-clinical-trial-of-laparoscopic-ultrasonography-before-laparoscopic-colorectal-cancer-resection
#6
S B Ellebaek, C W Fristrup, C Hovendal, N Qvist, L Bundgaard, S Salomon, J Støvring, M B Mortensen
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative ultrasonography during open surgery for colorectal cancer may be useful for the detection of unrecognized liver metastases. Laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) for the detection of unrecognized liver metastasis has not been studied in a randomized trial. This RCT tested the hypothesis that LUS would change the TNM stage and treatment strategy. METHODS: Patients with colorectal cancer and no known metastases were randomized (1 : 1) to laparoscopic examination (control or laparoscopy plus LUS) in three Danish centres...
October 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894583/evaluation-of-treatment-for-rectal-neuroendocrine-tumors-sized-under-20-mm-in-comparison-with-the-who-2010-guidelines
#7
Nobuhisa Matsuhashi, Takao Takahashi, Hiroyuki Tomita, Hiroshi Araki, Takashi Ibuka, Kaori Tanaka, Toshiyuki Tanahashi, Satoshi Matsui, Yoshiyuki Sasaki, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Naoki Okumura, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Shinji Osada, Kazuhiro Yoshida
Rectal neuroendocrine tumor (NET) is a relatively rare lesion of the gastrointestinal tract, but the prospective examination with colonofiberoscopy or endoscopic ultrasound has increased the frequency of its detection. It is often difficult to determine the optimal treatment for NETs sized <20 mm in the clinical setting. Other clinicopathological variables are not considered in the current guidelines and staging systems. Although the effects of lymphovascular invasion are not covered by the World Health Organization (WHO) 2010 guidelines or tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system, this may be promising for the establishment of improved guidelines and staging systems, particularly for early-stage colorectal carcinoids...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890650/economic-impact-of-laparoscopic-conversion-to-open-in-left-colon-resections
#8
Katherine Etter, Brad Davis, Sanjoy Roy, Iftekhar Kalsekar, Andrew Yoo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Studies have shown economic and clinical advantages of laparoscopic left-colon resections. Laparoscopic conversion to open is an important surgical outcome. We estimated conversion incidence, identified risk factors, and measured the clinical and economic impact. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we used the Premier Perspective database to analyze left-sided colectomies from 2009 to 2014. Operating room time (ORT), length of stay (LOS), total hospital cost (2014 U...
July 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882963/risk-factors-for-transumbilical-wound-complications-in-laparoscopic-gastric-and-colorectal-surgery
#9
Kodai Tomioka, Masahiko Murakami, Akira Fujimori, Makoto Watanabe, Tomotake Koizumi, Satoru Goto, Koji Otsuka, Takeshi Aoki
AIM: To investigate the risk factors of transumbilical incision for organ removal in laparoscopic surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 643 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery from 2010 to 2013. Superficial surgical site infection (SSI) and transumbilical port site hernia were recorded. RESULTS: The participants underwent gastric (n=253) and colorectal (n=390) resections. SSI was observed in 17 cases (colorectal in 15; gastric in two) (2...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881641/colorectal-cancer-at-high-risk-of-peritoneal-metastases-long-term-outcomes-of-a-pilot-study-on-adjuvant-laparoscopic-hipec-and-future-perspectives
#10
Charlotte E L Klaver, Roos Stam, Didi A M Sloothaak, Johannes Crezee, Willem A Bemelman, Cornelis J A Punt, Pieter J Tanis
OBJECTIVE: Early detection of peritoneal metastases (PM) of colorectal cancer (CRC) is difficult and treatment options at a clinically overt stage are limited. Potentially, adjuvant laparoscopic hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is of value. The aim of this study was to present long term oncological outcomes of a pilot study on adjuvant HIPEC to reduce development of PMCRC, with systematic review of literature. METHODS: Long term oncological outcomes of ten patients who underwent laparoscopic HIPEC within eight weeks after resection of primary CRC in the pilot study were retrospectively collected...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871343/three-steps-and-a-join-a-simple-guide-to-right-and-left-sided-medial-to-lateral-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#11
M J F X Rickard, A Keshava, J W T Toh
BACKGROUND: To provide a standardised 'medial to lateral' approach to laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: Both right- and left- sided laparoscopic colorectal procedures were simplified into three well-defined steps and a join. An instructional video and procedural guide provides the important pearls and pitfalls in performing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. RESULTS: During a 10-year period (2006-2016) at a single institution, 20 senior colorectal trainee surgeons and 20 general surgery registrars were trained in the 'three steps and a join' technique...
September 4, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861371/laparoscopic-versus-open-1-stage-resection-of-synchronous-liver-metastases-and-primary-colorectal-cancer
#12
Emre Gorgun, Pinar Yazici, Akin Onder, Cigdem Benlice, Hakan Yigitbas, Bora Kahramangil, Yunus Tasci, Erol Aksoy, Federico Aucejo, Cristiano Quintini, Charles Miller, Eren Berber
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare the perioperative and oncologic outcomes of open and laparoscopic approaches for concomitant resection of synchronous colorectal cancer and liver metastases. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2015, all patients undergoing combined resection of primary colorectal cancer and liver metastases were included in the study (n=43). Laparoscopic and open groups were compared regarding clinical, perioperative and oncologic outcomes...
August 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842796/oncologic-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-colon-cancer-resection-for-t4-lesions-a-case-control-analysis-of-7-years-experience
#13
Piera Leon, Michele Giuseppe Iovino, Fabiola Giudici, Antonio Sciuto, Nicolò de Manzini, Diego Cuccurullo, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: According to many Societies' guidelines, patients presenting with clinical T4 colorectal cancer should conventionally be approached by a laparotomy. Results of emerging series are questioning this attitude. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the oncologic outcomes of 147 patients operated on between June 2008 and September 2015 for histologically proven pT4 colon cancers. All patients were treated with curative intent, either by a laparoscopic or open "en bloc" resection...
August 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839894/polypectomy-and-advanced-endoscopic-resection
#14
REVIEW
Kesavan Kandiah, Sharmila Subramaniam, Pradeep Bhandari
Most colorectal cancers evolve from colorectal adenomatous polyps in a pathway known as the adenoma to carcinoma sequence. Early detection and removal of colorectal adenomas can prevent the development of colorectal cancer. The vast majority of these polyps can be resected endoscopically. Advances in endoscopic resection techniques have led to expanded indications for endoscopic polypectomy, whereby giant polyps, scarred lesions and early cancers may be cured. We will outline conventional endoscopic mucosal resection techniques as well as more complex resection methods such as endoscopic submucosal dissection, full thickness resection and the use of combined endoscopic and laparoscopic assisted approaches to resection...
April 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838869/evolution-of-laparoscopic-liver-surgery-from-innovation-to-implementation-to-mastery-perioperative-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-2-238-patients-from-4-european-specialized-centers
#15
Giammauro Berardi, Stijn Van Cleven, Åsmund Avdem Fretland, Leonid Barkhatov, Mark Halls, Federica Cipriani, Luca Aldrighetti, Mohammed Abu Hilal, Bjørn Edwin, Roberto I Troisi
BACKGROUND: First seen as an innovation for select patients, laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has evolved since its introduction, resulting in worldwide use. Despite this, it is still limited mainly to referral centers. The aim of this study was to evaluate a large cohort undergoing LLR from 2000 to 2015, focusing on the technical approaches, perioperative and oncologic outcomes, and evolution of practice over time. STUDY DESIGN: The demographics and indications, intraoperative, perioperative, and oncologic outcomes of 2,238 patients were evaluated...
August 31, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836258/-application-of-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-in-radical-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#16
Liu He, Yi Xiao
Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is a novel operative approach of the radical surgery for rectal cancer, and has been a hot topic in colorectal surgery for years. TaTME aims to solve some problems from previous TME, such as exposure of peripheral mid-lower rectal space, judge of distal cutting margin, and to carry out completely minimal invasive operation. According to the degree of completion of different surgical approach, taTME can be divided into laparoscopic assisted taTME (hybrid taTME) and fully through the anal approach to complete the taTME (pure taTME)...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836249/-comparison-of-intra-abdominal-infection-between-intracorporeal-anastomosis-and-extracorporeal-anastomosis-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy
#17
Xiyu Sun, Huizhong Qiu, Kailun Fei, Lai Xu, Junyang Lu, Guannan Zhang, Yi Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference of intra-abdominal infection between intracorporeal anastomosis (IA) and extracorporeal anastomosis (EA) in patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy within postoperative 30 days. METHODS: Clinical date of right colon cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy at the Department of Colorectal Surgery, PUMCH from January 1st, 2013 to October 31st, 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with stage IV cancers which could not be radically resected, emergency operation and conversion to open surgery were excluded...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835241/rectal-carcinoma-and-multiple-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-gist-of-the-small-intestine-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-report
#18
Yuhei Hakozaki, Shinichi Sameshima, Teppei Tatsuoka, Takashi Okuyama, Yukinori Yamagata, Tamaki Noie, Masatoshi Oya, Akiko Fujii, Yoshihiko Ueda, Chieko Shimura, Kazumoto Katagiri
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomally dominant inherited disorder characterized by multiple pigmented skin spots (café-au-lait spots) and neurofibroma. NF1 is associated with a wide variety of benign or malignant tumors. We report a NF1 patient who received surgical treatment for rectal carcinoma and multifocal small intestinal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old female patient with NF1 was referred to our hospital after a positive fecal occult blood test...
August 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823064/preoperative-hypoalbuminemia-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-increased-high-grade-morbidity-after-elective-rectal-cancer-resection
#19
J Hardt, L Pilz, J Magdeburg, P Kienle, S Post, R Magdeburg
PURPOSE: This study investigated the association of preoperative hypoalbuminemia and postoperative complications after elective resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: From September 2009 to December 2014, all patients who underwent elective rectal resection for adenocarcinoma of the rectum were identified using a prospective colorectal cancer database. Hypoalbuminemia was defined as a serum albumin < 35 g/L. Characteristics and outcomes of hypoalbuminemic patients were compared to those of patients with normal albumin levels...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803643/effect-of-surgeon-experience-with-laparoscopy-on-postoperative-outcomes-after-colorectal-surgery
#20
Faiz Gani, Marcelo Cerullo, XuFeng Zhang, Joseph K Canner, Alison Conca-Cheng, Alan E Hartzman, Syed G Husain, William C Cirocco, Amber L Traugott, Mark W Arnold, Fabian M Johnston, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between laparoscopic surgery and improved clinical outcomes has been well established across a variety of procedures, the effect of operative experience with laparoscopic surgery remains less defined. The present study sought to assess the comparative benefit of laparoscopic colorectal surgery relative to surgeon volume. METHODS: Commercially insured patients aged 18 to 64 years undergoing a colorectal resection were identified using the MarketScan Database from 2010-2014...
August 10, 2017: Surgery
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