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Laparoscopic colorectal resection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207849/inhibition-of-peritoneal-dissemination-of-colon-cancer-by-hyperthermic-co2-insufflation-a-novel-approach-to-prevent-intraperitoneal-tumor-spread
#1
Yuanfei Peng, Hua Yang, Qing Ye, Houming Zhou, Minhua Zheng, Yinghong Shi
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of laparoscopic surgery for advanced gastrointestinal cancer raises concerns about intra-peritoneal tumor spread. Prevention of peritoneal dissemination is extremely important but a preventive modality is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine a novel approach (hyperthermic CO2 insufflation, HT-CO2) for preventing peritoneal dissemination during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: A peritoneal dissemination model was established in Balb/c nu/nu mice by intraperitoneal injection of human colon cancer cells (SW1116, 1×106)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207436/multicenter-observational-study-of-adhesion-formation-after-open-and-laparoscopic-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#2
Martijn W J Stommel, Richard P G Ten Broek, Chema Strik, Gerrit D Slooter, Cornelis Verhoef, Dirk J Grünhagen, Peter van Duijvendijk, Marc H A Bemelmans, Marcel den Dulk, Colin Sietses, Tjarda N T van Heek, Peter B van den Boezem, Johannes H W de Wilt, Harry van Goor
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adhesion formation after laparoscopic and open colorectal cancer resection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: After colorectal surgery, most patients develop adhesions, with a high burden of complications. Laparoscopy seems to reduce adhesion formation, but evidence is poor. Trials comparing open- and laparoscopic colorectal surgery have never assessed adhesion formation. METHODS: Data on adhesions were gathered during resection of colorectal liver metastases...
February 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194774/outcome-after-laparoscopic-and-open-resections-of-posterosuperior-segments-of-the-liver
#3
V Scuderi, L Barkhatov, R Montalti, F Ratti, F Cipriani, F Pardo, H Tranchart, I Dagher, F Rotellar, M Abu Hilal, B Edwin, M Vivarelli, L Aldrighetti, R I Troisi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic resection of posterosuperior (PS) segments of the liver is hindered by limited visualization and curvilinear resection planes. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes after open and laparoscopic liver resections of PS segments. METHODS: Patients who underwent minor open liver resection (OLR) and laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) between 2006 and 2014 were identified from the institutional databases of seven tertiary referral European hepatobiliary surgical units...
February 13, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177995/incidence-risk-factors-and-trends-of-motor-peripheral-nerve-injury-after-colorectal-surgery-analysis-of-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database
#4
Mohammed H Al-Temimi, Bindupriya Chandrasekaran, Michael J Phelan, Alessio Pigazzi, Steven D Mills, Michael J Stamos, Joseph C Carmichael
BACKGROUND: Motor peripheral nerve injury is a rare but serious event after colorectal surgery, and a nationwide study of this complication is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report the incidence, trends, and risk factors of motor peripheral nerve injury during colorectal surgery. DESIGN: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was surveyed for motor peripheral nerve injury complicating colorectal procedures...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176493/one-stage-laparoscopy-assisted-colectomy-for-synchronous-double-colorectal-cancers
#5
Kodai Tomioka, Masahiko Murakami, Makoto Watanabe, Nobuaki Matsui, Yoshiaki Ozawa, Sota Yoshizawa, Tomotake Koizumi, Satoru Goto, Akira Fujimori, Osamu Yoshitake, Koji Otsuka, Takeshi Aoki
Synchronous multiple malignant colorectal lesions are rare, and there have been very few studies about one-stage laparoscopic operations in these cases. Here, we evaluated the short-term outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted colectomy (LAC) for synchronous double colorectal cancers. Seven patients underwent one-stage LAC that required two resections and anastomoses in our hospital from 2010 to 2014. We retrospectively examined each patient's background and subsequent surgical outcomes. The median age of patients was 78 years, and the median BMI was 19...
February 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173934/laparoscopic-hepatectomy-significantly-shortens-the-time-to-postoperative-chemotherapy-in-patients-undergoing-major-hepatectomies
#6
Nsehniitooh Mbah, Steven C Agle, Prejesh Philips, Michael E Egger, Charles R Scoggins, Kelly M McMasters, Robert C G Martin
BACKGROUND: The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy occurs with early initiation, but is commonly delayed due to postoperative complications. Minimally invasive surgery is proven to significantly reduce complications and hospital length of stay. This study compares open versus laparoscopic liver resection in patients requiring adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: 120 consecutive patients with metastatic colorectal liver cancer who underwent liver resection between 2007 through 2012 were reviewed from an IRB prospective database...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157065/complete-mesocolic-excision-an-assessment-of-feasibility-and-outcome
#7
Claus Anders Bertelsen
Surgery is the most important factor for radical treatment of colon cancer, and the long-term prognosis can be improved by improving the surgical treatment without increased risk of perioperative mortality. Complete mesocolic excision (CME), in which more extensive lymph node (LN) dissection is performed, has been shown in single-centre studies with historical controls to be associated with better oncological outcome. However, better evidence is needed. The main purpose of this PhD thesis was to investigate whether CME could be implemented in a colorectal surgical department in Denmark, whether more extensive dissection could demonstrate LN metastases outside the mesocolon, and to demonstrate a possible association between CME and improved oncological results without increased risk of perioperative mortality...
February 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151797/laparoscopic-versus-open-liver-resection-for-colorectal-metastases-in-elderly-and-octogenarian-patients-a-multicenter-propensity-score-based-analysis-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes
#8
David Martínez-Cecilia, Federica Cipriani, Shelat Vishal, Francesca Ratti, Hadrien Tranchart, Leonid Barkhatov, Federico Tomassini, Roberto Montalti, Mark Halls, Roberto I Troisi, Ibrahim Dagher, Luca Aldrighetti, Bjorn Edwin, Mohammad Abu Hilal
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the perioperative and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic and open liver resection for colorectal liver metastases in the elderly. BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic liver resection has been associated with less morbidity and similar oncological outcomes to open liver resection for colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs). It has been reported that these benefits continue to be observed in elderly patients. However, in previous studies, patients over 70 or 75 years were considered as a single, homogenous population raising questions regarding the true impact of the laparoscopic approach on this diverse group of elderly patients...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145969/a-new-technique-of-radiofrequency-assisted-ultrasound-guided-needle-localized-laparoscopic-resection-of-disappearing-colorectal-liver-metastases
#9
Hakan Yigitbas, Pinar Yazici, Halit E Taskin, Alexis K Okoh, Cem Dural, Nail Aydin, Eren Berber
The management of disappearing colorectal liver metastases in the postadjuvant chemotherapy setting is challenging. We describe a novel technique that facilitates laparoscopic resection of disappearing metastatic liver lesions with great precision. Details of this new technique are described in 2 patients with colorectal cancer synchronously metastatic to the liver. Both patients had small indistinct intraparenchymal liver lesions after adjuvant chemotherapy. A video displays the steps of the procedure. Both patients presented with colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastasis...
February 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144830/cost-effective-personalized-3d-printed-liver-model-for-preoperative-planning-before-laparoscopic-liver-hemihepatectomy-for-colorectal-cancer-metastases
#10
Jan Sylwester Witowski, Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Major, Andrzej Budzyński
PURPOSE: Three-dimensional (3D) printing for preoperative planning has been intensively developed in the recent years. However, the implementation of these solutions in hospitals is still difficult due to high costs, extremely expensive industrial-grade printers, and software that is difficult to obtain and learn along with a lack of a defined process. This paper presents a cost-effective technique of preparing 3D-printed liver models that preserves the shape and all of the structures, including the vessels and the tumor, which in the present case is colorectal liver metastasis...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141746/tumor-size-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-postoperative-complications-in-laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-for-advanced-rectal-cancer-a-multicenter-japanese-study
#11
Masayoshi Yasui, Ichiro Takemasa, Yuichiro Miyake, Taishi Hata, Masataka Ikeda, Yasuhiro Miyake, Junichi Hasegawa, Hirofumi Ota, Chu Matsuda, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
This study aimed to identify the risk factors for postoperative complications after laparoscopic low anterior resection for the treatment of advanced rectal cancers. A prospectively maintained database was retrospectively analyzed. Oncological parameters in resected specimens and clinical risk factors for postoperative complications, including anastomotic leakage, were examined in patients with clinical stage II and III upper rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic low anterior resection, including total mesorectal excision...
January 30, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135678/curative-resection-for-locally-advanced-sigmoid-colon-cancer-using-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-with-folfox-plus-panitumumab-a-case-report
#12
Kenji Tomizawa, Yuji Miura, Yudai Fukui, Yutaka Hanaoka, Shigeo Toda, Jin Moriyama, Naoko Inoshita, Yukinori Ozaki, Toshimi Takano, Shuichiro Matoba, Hiroya Kuroyanagi
INTRODUCTION: FOLFOX and panitumumab combined chemotherapy plays an important role for metastatic colorectal cancer. However the usefulness of this regimen for neoadjuvant therapy is unclear. CASE REPORT: A 67-year-old man with abdominal pain and pneumaturia was diagnosed with RAS wild-type sigmoid colon cancer with urinary bladder invasion and colovesical fistulas. Because the cancer was considered to be unresectable, a transverse-loop colostomy was performed. Colonoscopy and computed tomography revealed a marked reduction in the size of the primary tumor after six courses of FOLFOX4 (oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-fluorouracil) plus panitumumab...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133117/-pathological-complete-response-in-a-case-of-multiple-liver-metastases-from-rectal-cancer-treated-with-xelox-plus-bevacizumab-bev-therapy
#13
Shingo Noura, Takashi Shuto, Arisa Muratsu, Yuta Yoshida, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Chikato Koga, Chizu Kameda, Masahiro Murakami, Ryohei Kawabata, Masaki Hirota, Masato Yoshikawa, Junzo Shimizu, Junichi Hasegawa, Hideaki Miwa
The patient was a 56-year-old woman who had synchronous multiple liver metastases and underwent laparoscopic-assisted high anterior resection for rectal cancer. According to the Japanese classification of colorectal carcinoma(8th edition), the tumor was considered to be pStage IV (pT4bN2M1a[H3]). Following resection of the primary tumor, she received XELOX plus bevacizumab(Bev)therapy. After 5 courses, the tumors were markedly reduced in size. According to the RECIST criteria, the tumor response was determined to be a partial response(-44%)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133104/-fourteen-cases-of-low-grade-appendiceal-mucinous-neoplasm
#14
Takuro Yoshikawa, Hiroki Sakamoto, Takahisa Akashi, Yu Asakura, Tetsuya Ienaga
Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm(LAMN)is a rare disease. In consideration of consistency with the 2010WHO Classification, LAMNwas classified in the Japanese Classification of Colorectal Carcinoma 8th edition. The present study involved 14 patients with LAMNover a 5-year period. The preoperative diagnosis was made as mucocele of the appendix in 9 cases. Operative interventions included ileocecal resection in 6 cases(laparoscopic; 3 cases)and appendectomy in 8 cases (laparoscopic; 6 cases). Histopathologically, there was no LNpositive case...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133075/-two-cases-of-obstructive-colorectal-cancer-effectively-treated-with-colonic-stent-placement
#15
Taiki Masuda, Kenta Kobayashi, Masaki Kakimoto, Haruya Koshiishi, Tetsunori Yoshimura
We report 2 cases of obstructive colorectal cancer that were successfully treated with a self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS). They were both diagnosed with obstructive colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy was performed to make a definitive and qualitative diagnosis and to relieve the stenosis using a SEMS. The SEMSs were inserted without complications. A few days later, the patients underwent laparoscope-assisted sigmoidectomy with lymph node resection. Despite the colon obstruction, a primary anastomosis was performed...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132735/robotic-hepatic-arterial-infusion-pump-placement
#16
Motaz Qadan, Michael I D'Angelica, Nancy E Kemeny, Andrea Cercek, T Peter Kingham
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery infusion pump (HAIP) placement is associated with improved outcomes in the treatment of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). In this study, we examined outcomes following robotic HAIP placement, which were compared with open and laparoscopic placement. METHODS: A retrospective review of HAIP placements by 2 surgeons at a single institution was carried out. All statistical tests were 2-sided and p < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: There were a total of 53 open HAIP cases, 21 laparoscopic cases, and 24 robotic cases...
January 26, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130643/safety-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-over-80%C3%A2-years-old-a-propensity-score-matching-study
#17
Mai Shiga, Hiromichi Maeda, Koji Oba, Ken Okamoto, Tsutomu Namikawa, Kazune Fujisawa, Keiichiro Yokota, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
PURPOSES: To establish the safety of laparoscopic-assisted colorectal resection for colorectal cancer in elderly patients aged ≥80 years. METHODS: Data were obtained from a chart review of patients who underwent colorectal cancer resection between 2009 and 2014 in Kochi Medical School. The effect of patient age on the extent of lymph node dissection and operative safety was assessed by comparing the short-term results of elderly patients with those of younger patients after propensity score matching...
January 27, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126972/intravenous-lignocaine-infusion-facilitates-acute-rehabilitation-after-laparoscopic-colectomy-in-the-chinese-patients
#18
M Wh Lee, D Yl Or, A Cf Tsang, D Ck Ng, P P Chen, M Hy Cheung, R Sk Li, H T Leong
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous infusion of lignocaine has emerged in recent years as a feasible, cost-effective, and safe method to provide postoperative analgesia. There is, however, no literature about this peri-operative pain control modality in Chinese patients. This study aimed to determine whether peri-operative intravenous lignocaine safely reduces postoperative pain, shortens postoperative ileus, and reduces the length of hospital stay in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: Between September 2012 and May 2015, 16 patients who underwent elective laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer and received a 1% lignocaine infusion for 24 hours postoperatively were studied...
January 27, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121916/totally-laparoscopic-anatomical-liver-resection-for-centrally-located-tumors-a-single-center-experience
#19
Wan-Joon Kim, Ki-Hun Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Young-In Yoon, Sung-Gyu Lee
Laparoscopic major hepatectomy is a common procedure that has been reported frequently; however, laparoscopic resection of centrally located tumors involving segments 4, 5, and 8 remains a technically difficult procedure because it requires 2 transection planes and dissection of numerous branches of the hepatic vein and glissonean capsule compared to hemi-hepatectomy. Here, we present 7 cases of totally laparoscopic right anterior sectionectomy (Lap-RAS) and 3 cases of totally laparoscopic central bisectionectomy (Lap-CBS)...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102199/comparison-of-efficacy-of-simo-decoction-and-acupuncture-or-chewing-gum-alone-on-postoperative-ileus-in-colorectal-cancer-resection-a-randomized-trial
#20
Yang Yang, Hong-Qun Zuo, Zhao Li, Yu-Zhou Qin, Xian-Wei Mo, Ming-Wei Huang, Hao Lai, Liu-Cheng Wu, Jian-Si Chen
To compared the ability of chewing gum or simo decoction (SMD) and acupuncture to reduce incidence of postoperative ileus (POI) after colorectal cancer resection, patients with colorectal cancer undergoing open or laparoscopic resection were randomized to receive SMD and acupuncture (n = 196), chewing gum alone (n = 197) or no intervention (n = 197) starting on postoperative day 1 and continuing for 5 consecutive days. Patients treated with SMD and acupuncture experienced significantly shorter hospital stay, shorter time to first flatus and shorter time to defecation than patients in the other groups (all P < 0...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
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