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Wound dehiscence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234534/comparison-of-interrupted-and-continuous-suture-urethroplasty-in-tubularised-incised-plate-hypospadias-repair-a-prospective-study
#1
Archika Gupta, Rajesh Gupta, Punit Srivastav, Ankush Gupta
Objective: To compare the effect of interrupted- and continuous-suture urethroplasty on complication rates in Snodgrass tubularised incised-plate (TIP) hypospadias repair. Patients and methods: This was a prospective randomised study comprising 100 boys (age range 1-5 years) with primary subcoronal, distal- and mid-penile hypospadias who underwent repair from October 2010 to March 2015 in a tertiary care hospital. Boys with glanular, recurrent, and proximal hypospadias were excluded from the study...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233704/risk-factors-for-post-operative-complications-after-procedures-for-autologous-bone-augmentation-from-different-donor-sites
#2
Andreas Sakkas, Alexander Schramm, Karsten Winter, Frank Wilde
AIM: The aim of this study has been to identify risk factors for post-operative complications after grafting bone from different donor sites prior to implant placement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study encompassed 279 patients who underwent autologous bone augmentations in a 2-stage procedure, harvested from three intraoral and one extraoral donor sites, as well as sinus floor elevations prior to implant placement. The following complications were recorded: soft tissue dehiscence; wound infection; bone graft exposure; sensory disturbance; sinusitis symptoms; haemorrhage; graft failure; implant failure...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233507/bleeding-on-the-cutting-edge-a-systematic-review-of-anticoagulant-and-antiplatelet-continuation-in-minor-cutaneous-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Alexander Isted, Lilli Cooper, R James Colville
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulant and antiplatelet (AC/AP) use is common and practice surrounding AC/AP continuation or cessation peri-operatively for minor cutaneous surgery lacks evidence-based consensus. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risks of haemorrhagic and thromboembolic complications associated with the continuation or cessation of AC/AP therapy in minor cutaneous surgery. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and CENTRAL, to identify all articles involving the use of AC/AP in patients undergoing minor cutaneous surgery, including skin grafts and local flaps...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229153/prophylactic-retention-suture-for-surgical-site-infection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Eisaku Ito, Masashi Yoshida, Norihiko Suzuki, Tomonori Imakita, Nobuhiro Tsutsui, Hironori Ohdaira, Masaki Kitajima, Yutaka Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication of gastrointestinal surgery. Because retention suture is known to prevent abdominal wound dehiscence, it is only considered indicated in high-risk patients. At present, there are no clear indications for retention suture. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of prophylactic retention suture and to determine what situations indicate prophylactic retention suture against SSI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2014 and January 2016, 135 patients who underwent midline laparotomy in our hospital were analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228443/postoperative-deep-wound-dehiscence-of-thoracotomy-with-isolation-of-corynebacterium-tuberculostearicum-surgical-site-infection-or-colonization
#5
A Tampakis, E C Tampaki, K Kontzoglou, E Patsouris, G Kouraklis, D Lardinois
OBJECTIVE: Infections with Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum are very rare as in most of the cases its isolation is associated with tissue colonization rather than infection. CASE REPORT: An 80-year old female patient was sent to the consultation hour of thoracic surgery for evaluation of a symptomatic persistent unilateral pleural effusion of her right lung. The differential diagnosis included either the presence of a chronic pleural empyema or the presence of malignancy...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223633/effectiveness-of-irrigation-with-chlorhexidine-after-removal-of-mandibular-third-molars-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
H Cho, M C David, A J Lynham, E Hsu
To evaluate the effect of postoperative irrigation with chlorhexidine on inflammatory complications after the extraction of lower third molars under local anaesthesia, we recruited 100 patients to participate in a controlled, single-blind, randomised clinical trial. They were assigned to one of two groups: the intervention group (postoperative irrigation of the surgical site with chlorhexidine for seven days) or the control group (postoperative chlorhexidine mouth rinse for seven days). The primary outcome variables were pain, swelling, trismus, infection, and alveolar osteitis...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219280/transperitoneal-vs-extraperitoneal-radical-cystectomy-for-bladder-cancer-a-retrospective-study
#7
Jagdeesh N Kulkarni, Himanshu Agarwal
PURPOSE: Conventional transperitoneal radical cystectomy (TPRC) is the standard approach for muscle invasive bladder cancer. But, the procedure is associated with significant morbidities like urinary leak, ileus, and infection. To reduce these morbidities, the technique of extraperitoneal radical cystectomy (EPRC) was described by us in 1999. We compared these two approaches and the data accrued forms the basis of this report. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer by the author (JNK) with follow-up for at least 5 years were included...
December 11, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218667/the-novel-trial-natural-orifice-versus-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-randomized-evaluation
#8
Steven D Schwaitzberg, Kurt Roberts, John R Romanelli, David J Desilets, David Earle, Santiago Horgan, Lee Swanstrom, Eric Hungness, Nathaniel Soper, Michael L Kochman
INTRODUCTION: The evolution of Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery® (NOTES®) represents a case study in surgical procedural evolution. Beginning in 2004 with preclinical feasibility studies, and followed by the creation of the NOSCAR® collaboration between The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons and the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, procedural development followed a stepwise incremental pathway. The work of this consortium has included white paper analyses, obtaining outside independent funding for basic science and procedural development, and, ultimately, the initiation of a prospective randomized clinical trial comparing NOTES® cholecystectomy as an alternative procedure to laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218275/outcomes-of-surgical-excision-and-brachytherapy-in-intractable-keloids
#9
Ahmadreza Taheri, Hojjat Molaei, Mehdi Aghili, Naser Rahmanpanah, Atefeh Mirmohseni
BACKGROUND: Keloids as unusual scars are injury remnants characterized by bizarre cosmetics and painful itching. This study assessed outcomes of surgical excision and brachytherapy in intractable keloids. METHODS: Six patients with 10 keloid lesions were followed up. Surgical excision was done with 1-2 mm margin, and then radiotherapy was undertaken in 3 divided fractions on days 0, 1 and 2 after surgery. Scar improvement was evaluated by patients and observer with scar assessment scale (POSAS)...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217319/long-term-analysis-of-surgical-treatment-outcomes-in-chronic-pilonidal-sinus-disease
#10
Huseyin Murat Mutus, Burhan Aksu, Ersan Uzun, Neslihan Gulcin, Gonca Gercel, Erdem Ozatman, Cigdem Ulukaya Durakbasa, Hamit Okur
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Chronic pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) is relatively common in adolescents and can be treated by various surgical techniques. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome in adolescents surgically treated for PSD in a single clinic. METHODS: PSD patients surgically treated over an 8-year period were retrospectively evaluated. Classical midline incision and excision with primary repair was performed in all. Regular follow up visits were scheduled. Evaluation of postoperative outpatient clinic records as well as telephone interviews for patients who were operated more than 6months ago were done for the long-term results, including coherence to regional hair care...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216700/-assessment-of-pain-function-and-complications-after-minimelly-invasive-decompression-of-morton%C3%A2-s-neuroma-using-a-dorsal-approach-in-16-patients
#11
F Sancho-Barroso, J Strassburger-Weidmann, V Castillo-Anaya
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to assess pain, function and complications after decompression of Mortons neuroma using a minimally invasive dorsal approach. METHOD AND RESULTS: 16 patients who underwent 19 decompressions were followed-up for 18 months. Pain was assessed with the visual analog scale (VAS), and function was assessed with the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scale. Data was analyzed with the Student t test for related samples, which yielded a p value 0...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212042/facial-nerve-injury-and-other-complications-following-retromandibular-subparotid-approach-for-the-management-of-condylar-fractures
#12
Stéphane Bruneau, Delphine S Courvoisier, Paolo Scolozzi
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and identify risk factors for facial nerve paralysis (FNP) and other postoperative complications after the use of the retromandibular subparotid approach (RMSA) for the treatment of condylar fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiologic and clinical data from all patients who underwent an RMSA from 2007 through 2015 at the University Hospital of Geneva (Geneva, Switzerland) were retrospectively reviewed. The primary and secondary outcome variables were, respectively, FNP and other complications (unesthetic scars, infection, nonunion, malocclusion, salivary fistula, Frey syndrome, and loosening or breaking of plates and screws)...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211217/application-of-unilateral-pectoralis-major-muscle-flap-in-the-treatment-of-sternal-wound-dehiscence
#13
Grazielle de Souza Horácio, Pedro Soler Coltro, Antonio Albacete, Juliano Baron Almeida, Vinícius Zolezi da Silva, Ivan de Rezende Almeida, Alfredo José Rodrigues, Jayme Adriano Farina
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report the use of the unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap for the treatment of the sternal wound dehiscence. METHODS: A retrospective study including patients who underwent unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap was performed for the treatment of sternotomy dehiscence due to coronary artery bypass, valve replacement, congenital heart disease correction and mediastinitis, between 1997 and 2016. Data from the epidemiological profile of patients, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications and mortality rate were obtained...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209669/comparison-of-alveolar-ridge-splitting-and-autogenous-onlay-bone-grafting-to-enable-implant-placement-in-patients-with-atrophic-jaw-bones
#14
Gokhan Gurler, Cagri Delilbasi, Hasan Garip, Sukran Tufekcioglu
To compare alveolar ridge splitting (ARS) and autogenous onlay bone grafting (AOBG) in atrophic jaw bones.  Methods: Forty patients were included in this retrospective, parallel-group study conducted at the Istanbul Medipol University School of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey, between 2012-2015. The initial bone thickness was measured by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Patients were allocated into ARS (n=17) and AOGB (n=23) groups on the basis of ridge thickness and shape. Follow-up CBCT measurements to assess horizontal bone were repeated 4 to 6 months post augmentation...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208785/use-of-a-partial-thickness-flap-for-guided-bone-regeneration-in-the-upper-jaw
#15
Gianluca Porcaro, Alberto Busa, Edoardo Bianco, Gianluigi Caccianiga, Marcello Maddalone
INTRODUCTION: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) aims to restore adequate bone volume for the placement of implants in an ideal location. In this article, we analyze different surgical techniques for tissue management during GBR and a modified partial-thickness surgical approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a year's time span, five patients were enrolled in the study: Four women and one man (aged 44-59 years). In four patients, a GBR with simultaneous implant placement was adopted, whereas in another patient, a delayed implant placement was done...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205902/therapeutic-options-and-postoperative-wound-complications-after-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcoma-resection-and-postoperative-external-beam-radiotherapy
#16
Mohamed H Abouarab, Iman L Salem, Magdy M Degheidy, Dominic Henn, Christoph Hirche, Ahmad Eweida, Matthias Uhl, Ulrich Kneser, Thomas Kremer
Soft tissue sarcomas occur most commonly in the lower and upper extremities. The standard treatment is limb salvage surgery combined with radiotherapy. Postoperative radiotherapy is associated with wound complications. This systematic review aims to summarise the available evidence and review the literature of the last 10 years regarding postoperative wound complications in patients who had limb salvage surgical excision followed by direct closure vs flap coverage together with postoperative radiotherapy and to define the optimal timeframe for adjuvant radiotherapy after soft tissue sarcomas resection and flap reconstruction...
December 5, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205748/cosmetic-tourism-for-breast-augmentation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Louise Brightman, Sze Ng, Susannah Ahern, Rodney Cooter, Ingrid Hopper
BACKGROUND: The medical tourism industry, and in particular cosmetic tourism for breast augmentation, is becoming an increasingly popular global phenomenon. The objective of this study is to determine the extent of medical literature and the patient risk profiles associated with cosmetic tourism for breast augmentation both locally and abroad. DATA SOURCES: OVID MEDLINE, OVID Embase, Cochrane Central and Proquest electronic databases. METHODS: The search was conducted through to April 2017...
December 3, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204775/use-of-a-purse-string-suture-to-reduce-skin-graft-requirements
#18
Jonathan McCue, Loree K Kalliainen
BACKGROUND: When a wound cannot be closed in a linear fashion and either a local flap or skin graft is needed, a purse-string suture can be a useful adjunct to wound closure. Local tissue architecture is maintained in cases where clear surgical margins have not been achieved at the time of extirpative skin cancer surgery. We hypothesized that this technique could be applied to a range of wound sizes and locations to avoid or reduce the need for skin grafting. METHODS: We applied a non-absorbable purse-string suture to wounds in 18 patients over a 15-month period and measured the defect size before and after application of the suture intraoperatively...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195831/bladder-exstrophy-closure-in-the-newborn-period-with-external-pelvic-fixation-performed-without-osteotomy-a-preliminary-report
#19
A Alam, R Blachman-Braun, J C Delto, P R M Moscardi, M Castellan, M A Tidwell, A Labbie, R Gosalbez
BACKGROUND: Successful primary bladder closure is the most crucial element for urinary continence in patients with classic bladder exstrophy (CBE). In the newborn period, bladder closure can be performed in the first 48 h without pelvic osteotomy or external fixation, but requires postoperative lower extremity immobilization (i.e., spica cast, Bryant's or Buck's traction). OBJECTIVE: To present a novel surgical approach for primary bladder closure for CBE using two-pin external fixation without pelvic osteotomy, and without postoperative lower extremity immobilization...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193249/turbocharged-bilateral-pedicled-diep-flap-for-reconstruction-of-thigh-defect-without-recipient-vessels-a-case-report
#20
Manuel Fernández Garrido, Nicolás Pereira, Susana López Fernández, Carmen Vega, Jaume Masià
Reconstruction of thigh defects is usually straightforward, but in cases of poor soft tissue quality, free flap reconstruction is not possible due to the absence of recipient vessels. The turbocharge technique may increase the viable, vascularized area of a flap. In this report we present a case of the use of a turbocharged bilateral pedicled DIEP flap for reconstruction of thigh defect without recipient vessels. A 29-year-old woman who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus radiation therapy for a leiomyosarcoma on the left thigh...
November 29, 2017: Microsurgery
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