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Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg
As a side effect of globalization, the ideological and religious heterogeneity of many local populations is increasing. This trend is particularly noticeable at tertiary-care medical centers serving patients with rare conditions such as somatic intersexuality or gender dysphoria and transgenderism (both with and without somatic intersexuality). This special section is designed to familiarize clinicians and researchers with culture-associated gender bias and stigma that may influence attitudes to individuals with somatic or behavioral gender atypicalities...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Shane D Morrison, Krishna S Vyas, Saba Motakef, Katherine M Gast, Michael T Chung, Vania Rashidi, Thomas Satterwhite, William Kuzon, Paul S Cederna
BACKGROUND: Facial feminization surgery encompasses a broad range of craniomaxillofacial surgical procedures designed to change masculine facial features into feminine features. The surgical principles of facial feminization surgery can be applied to male-to-female transsexuals and anyone desiring feminization of the face. Although the prevalence of these procedures is difficult to quantify, because of the rising prevalence of transgenderism (approximately one in 14,000 men) along with improved insurance coverage for gender-confirming surgery, surgeons versed in techniques, outcomes, and challenges of facial feminization surgery are needed...
June 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
R Lucas Platero, Esther Ortega-Arjonilla
What made current Spanish feminism shift toward transfeminism? Based on in-depth interviews and literature reviews, we explore what factors facilitated the participation of trans* women in Spanish feminism. Tracing the history through relevant events such as the National Feminist Conferences, it becomes clear that trans* women participated in the 1993, 2000, and 2009 conferences, posing relevant issues regarding prostitution, transgenderism, and the political subject of feminism. Our research allows a break with global oppositional narratives, in which these movements are in conflict, and highlights the importance of understanding the vernacular nuances that take place in a particular geopolitical context...
2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Rob Stephenson, Altanchimeg Delegchoimbol, Myagmardorj Dorjgotov, Stefan Baral
With the growing realisation that sexual violence poses pressing health and human rights concerns for men who have sex with men (MSM) and individuals on the trans-feminine spectrum, research has focused on the context in which sexual violence takes place. Rape myths and other perceptions of sexual violence affect the prevalence of perpetration and the availability of services and support for survivors. Little research has been conducted on rape myths among sexual and gender minority groups, especially in low- and middle-income countries...
December 8, 2015: Global Public Health
Stephen M Rosenthal
Compelling studies have demonstrated that "gender identity"--a person's inner sense of self as male, female, or occasionally a category other than male or female--is not simply a psychosocial construct, but likely reflects a complex interplay of biological, environmental, and cultural factors. An increasing number of preadolescents and adolescents, identifying as "transgender" (a transient or persistent identification with a gender different from their "natal gender"--ie, the gender that is assumed based on the physical sex characteristics present at birth), are seeking medical services to enable the development of physical characteristics consistent with their affirmed gender...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sean Roerink, Diane Marsman, Arianne van Bon, Romana Netea-Maier
We present a case of a 46-year-old transgender male who, during his female-to-male transition, presented with a pituitary apoplexy at the emergency department of a general hospital in the Netherlands. During admission, it turned out that he also suffered from acromegaly due to a growth hormone secreting pituitary adenoma for which he was successfully treated at our university hospital. Previously, his complaints typical of acromegaly were dismissed as attributable to the gender transition. Without the apoplexy, the disease probably would have remained masked by the history of transgenderism for a much longer period of time...
August 2014: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Karen E Lovaas, Lina Baroudi, S M Collins
SUMMARY Although a growing body of work addresses heterosexism and homophobia in the classroom context, the majority of this literature neglects trans identities and issues. For various reasons, trans existence currently poses particular challenges to many college students and professors. Foremost among these are traditional assumptions about sex, gender, and sexual identities as stable, essential, binary entities, notions that are often grounded in scientific, religious, and political ideologies. In this essay, we first review various conceptualizations of transgenderism and explore the advantages of applying queer theory and critical pedagogical strategies to this subject...
October 2002: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Marieke van Eijk
Health care institutions are often severely criticized for regulating the lives of individuals who deviate from socially sanctioned norms. In teaching people where they fit in the conventional scheme of things, institutions often reproduce socially dominant ideologies of normality, health, and self. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork conducted at a university-based gender identity clinic in the United States, I demonstrate that while some institutions adopt dominant cultural frameworks, others critically assess these...
2014: Medical Anthropology
Guy TʼSjoen, Eva Van Caenegem, Katrien Wierckx
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The development of new reproductive medicine techniques creates opportunities for preserving fertility in transgender persons. Before, losing fertility was accepted as the price to pay for transitioning. RECENT FINDINGS: The desire for children is present in many trans persons, as in the general population. Ethical concerns are sometimes raised against the preservation of fertility; however, the only unique aspect of this group is the gender transition of one of the parents...
December 2013: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Norman P Spack
Gender identity disorder (transgenderism) is poorly understood from both mechanistic and clinical standpoints. Awareness of the condition appears to be increasing, probably because of greater societal acceptance and available hormonal treatment. Therapeutic options include hormone and surgical treatments but may be limited by insurance coverage because costs are high. For patients seeking male-to-female (MTF) change, hormone treatment includes estrogens, finasteride, spironolactone, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs...
February 6, 2013: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Larry A Nuttbrock
Transgender individuals are misunderstood and inadequately treated in many conventional substance abuse treatment programs. This article reviews current concepts regarding the definition and diversity of transgenderism and summarizes the existing literature on the prevalence and correlates of substance use in transgendered populations. Examples of culturally competent and gender-sensitive treatment in specialized settings are cited, with a call to extend these initiatives throughout the gamut of service venues that engage transgender individuals...
2012: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Jasmina Barišić, Dragana Duišin, Borjanka Batinić
Gender identity disorder is a sexual disorder characterized by strong identification with the opposite gender, followed by unpleasant feeling dueto the birth given gender. Longstanding clinical experience with transgender population has brought new knowledge and better understanding of gender identity and gender identity disorders. Initial knowledge referred to sexual orientation of gender dysphoric persons such as homosexual, heterosexual, bisexual and asexual.The contemporary literature dealing with transgenderism and transsexualism brings out the concept of autogynephilia (from Greek "love oneself as a woman") which is the subject of numerous controversies among the experts in this field as well as in the transgender community...
May 2012: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Laura K Case, Vilayanur S Ramachandran
Between the two extreme ends of human sexuality - male and female - lie a poorly understood and poorly studied spectrum of ambiguously defined sexual identities that are very much a part of the human condition but defy rigid classification. "Bigender" is a recently formed sub-category of transgenderism, describing individuals who experience a blending or alternation of gender states. While recognized nominally by the APA, no scientific work to our knowledge has addressed this fascinating condition, or proposed any physiological basis for it...
May 2012: Medical Hypotheses
Miroslav L Djordjevic, Dusan S Stanojevic, Marta R Bizic
INTRODUCTION: There are several techniques for creation of a neovagina. However, rectosigmoid segment presents the most natural substitute for vaginal tissue. AIM: To evaluate the anatomical and functional results of sigmoid vaginoplasty and long-term sexual and psychological outcomes in 86 patients with vaginal absence. METHODS: Between April 2000 and February 2009, 86 patients, aged 18 to 57 years (mean 22) underwent rectosigmoid vaginoplasty...
December 2011: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Christine Aramburu Alegria
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to educate nurse practitioners (NPs) regarding: (a) the definition and range of transgenderism, (b) social influences on transgender persons, and (c) health care for transgender persons. DATA SOURCES: Data sources include review of the literature in the areas of gender, gender identity, marginalized populations, and gender transition. Personal communication was also utilized. CONCLUSIONS: Transgender persons remain marginalized and may remain closeted and at risk for negative psychosocial consequences...
April 2011: Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
Joanne Csete, Jonathan Cohen
Social exclusion and legal marginalization are important determinants of health outcomes for people who use illicit drugs, sex workers, and persons who face criminal penalties because of homosexuality or transgenderism. Incarceration may add to the health risks associated with police repression and discrimination for these persons. Access to legal services may be essential to positive health outcomes in these populations. Through concrete examples, this paper explores types of legal problems and legal services linked to health outcomes for drug users, sex workers, and sexual minorities and makes recommendations for donors, legal service providers, and civil society organizations...
2010: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
Susan Clayton
This article discusses female husbands as they have been depicted in written narratives from Henry Fielding's use in 1746 up until present day debates. Questions of the cultural issues of gender, transgenderism, and the social construction of lesbianism are considered in the context of female masculinity, of which female husbands are one example.
2010: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Juline A Koken, David S Bimbi, Jeffrey T Parsons
Because of the stigma associated with transgenderism, many transwomen (biological males who identify as female or transgender) experience rejection or abuse at the hands of their parents and primary caregivers as children and adolescents. The Parental Acceptance-Rejection (PAR) theory indicates that a child's experience of rejection may have a significant impact on their adult lives. The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative analysis of adult transwomen of color's experiences with caregivers, guided by PAR theory...
December 2009: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Somasundaram O
The nosology associated with transgender phenomena is undergoing rapid revisions. This phenomenon is mentioned in ancient cultures and the allusions to it are variously described in the Indian literatures. The trials and tribulations of the isolated segment of the human population are surmised from two autobiographical accounts of writers. The measures to improve the life of the transgender population are suggested.
January 2009: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Martin S Weinberg, Colin J Williams
This article extends research on transgenderism by providing a sociological study of men who are sexually interested in transwomen (MSTW; viz., genetic males who use estrogen to feminize their body but retain their penis). We conducted fieldwork in a bar catering to transwomen and the men who were sexually interested in them, and did on-the-spot interviews with the MSTW. We initially examined the nature of MSTW's sexual attraction to transwomen, followed by how this related to their sexual orientation identity...
July 2010: Journal of Sex Research
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