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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106890/assessment-of-a-new-hydrophilic-acrylic-supplementary-iol-for-sulcus-fixation-in-pseudophakic-cadaver-eyes
#1
N Reiter, L Werner, J Guan, J Li, K T Tsaousis, N Mamalis, S Srinivasan
PurposeManagement of refractive errors after cataract surgery includes spectacles or contact lens, secondary laser vision correction, intraocular lens (IOL) exchange, or piggyback lens implantation. We evaluated for the first time a single-piece hydrophilic acrylic IOL designed for supplementary sulcus fixation in postmortem pseudophakic human eyes.MethodsPseudophakic human cadaver eyes were imaged by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) to assess position of the primary IOL. Eyes were prepared as per the Miyake-Apple technique...
January 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106513/long-term-follow-up-of-superior-gluteal-artery-perforator-flap-closure-of-large-myelomeningoceles
#2
Brett A Whittemore, Dale M Swift, Bradley E Weprin, Frederick J Duffy
OBJECTIVE Large myelomeningocele defects and poor surrounding tissue quality make some defects particularly difficult to close primarily. This paper describes the superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flap technique for defect closure and long-term clinical outcomes. METHODS The technique for closing a myelomeningocele with an SGAP flap is described. A retrospective chart review was performed on a cohort of 11 patients who underwent closure in this manner. RESULTS Between 1999 and 2015, 271 myelomeningoceles were closed, 11 of which were SGAP flap closures...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103735/comparison-of-transtibial-amputations-in-diabetic-patients-with-and-without-end-stage-renal-disease
#3
Dane K Wukich, Junho Ahn, Katherine M Raspovic, Frank A Gottschalk, Javier La Fontaine, Larry A Lavery
BACKGROUND: The primary purpose of this retrospective study was to report on a consecutive series of 102 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) who underwent transtibial amputation (TTA) for chronic infections and nonreconstructable lower extremity deformities. A secondary aim was to compare the outcomes of TTA patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis (ESRD) to patients without ESRD, and to identify risk factors for mortality after TTA. METHODS: This cohort involved a consecutive series of patients who were treated by a single surgeon...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101722/the-effect-of-antibiotic-coated-sutures-on-the-incidence-of-surgical-site-infections-in-abdominal-closures-a-meta-analysis
#4
Basheer Elsolh, Lisa Zhang, Sunil V Patel
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aims to determine if antibiotic-impregnated sutures for abdominal fascial closure prevent postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs), hernias, and/or dehiscence. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases (1946-2016) were searched. Randomized controlled trials comparing antibiotic-impregnated sutures to standard sutures for abdominal closure were eligible. Risk of bias was evaluated using the Cochrane Handbooks definitions. RESULTS: Four-hundred fifty articles were reviewed; five eligible studies (N = 3117) were identified...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099718/vaginal-delivery-with-prior-cesarean-delivery-following-appendix-rupture-and-diffuse-purulent-peritonitis-in-a-patient-with-complete-wound-dehiscence
#5
Jozef Zahumensky, Michal Braticak, Robert Hlavek, Marek Bucko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099464/laparoscopically-assisted-anorectal-pull-through-versus-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-for-high-and-intermediate-anorectal-malformations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Yijiang Han, Zhaobo Xia, Shikun Guo, Xiangbo Yu, Zhongrong Li
OBJECTIVE: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are one of the commonest anomalies in neonates. Both laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) can be used for the treatment of ARMs. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare these two approaches in terms of intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched from 2000 to August 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099357/bilayered-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-preventing-leg-incision-morbidity-in-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Yongchao Yu, Zhigang Song, Zhiyun Xu, Xiaofei Ye, Chunyu Xue, Junhui Li, Hongda Bi
BACKGROUNDS: The harvesting of great saphenous veins for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients may result in significant complications, including lymphorrhagia, lymphoedema, incision infection, wound dehiscence, and skin flap necrosis. We investigated the function of a self-designed bilayered negative pressure wound therapy (b-NPWT) for reducing the above-mentioned complications using a clinical randomized controlled trial. METHODS: A single-center, pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090708/effect-of-semi-quantitative-culture-results-from-complex-host-surgical-wounds-on-dehiscence-rates
#8
Tammer Elmarsafi, Caitlin S Garwood, John S Steinberg, Karen K Evans, Christopher E Attinger, Paul J Kim
The primary aim of this study was to determine the effect of positive bacterial cultures at the time of closure on dehiscence rates. Pre and post-débridement wound cultures from patients undergoing serial surgical débridement of infected wounds were compared with outcomes 30 days postoperatively. One-hundred patients were enrolled; 35 were excluded for incomplete culture data. Sixty-five patients were evaluated for species counts, including Coagulase negative Staphylococcus, and semi-quantitative culture data for each débridement...
January 16, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089794/a-molecular-phylogeny-reveals-the-cuban-enigmatic-genus-behaimia-as-a-new-piece-in-the-brongniartieae-puzzle-of-papilionoid-legumes
#9
Luciano Paganucci de Queiroz, Wallace São-Mateus, Alfonso Delgado-Salinas, Benjamin M Torke, Gwilym P Lewis, Óscar Dorado, Julie K Ardley, Martin F Wojciechowski, Domingos Cardoso
The papilionoid legume tribe Brongniartieae comprises a collection of 15 genera with disparate morphologies that were previously positioned in at least four remotely related tribes. The Brongniartieae displays a wide geographical disjunction between Australia and the New World and previous phylogenetic studies had provided conflicting results about the relationships between the American and Australian genera. We carry out phylogenetic analyses of (1) a plastid matK dataset extensively sampled across legumes to solve the enigmatic relationship of the Cuban-endemic monospecific genus Behaimia; and (2) multilocus datasets with focus on all genera ever referred to Brongniartieae...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088939/complications-in-the-management-of-closed-high-energy-proximal-tibial-plateau-fractures
#10
Kavin Khatri, Vijay Sharma, Darsh Goyal, Kamran Farooque
PURPOSE: To report complications in the management of complex closed proximal tibial fractures. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the infectious and noninfectious complications encountered in the management of high-energy Schatzker type V and VI tibial plateau fractures. All patients were treated at the level 1 trauma centre between January 2011 and March 2014. Sixty two patients were included in the study. The mean patient age was (43.16 ± 11...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081534/enhanced-auditory-sensitivity-to-body-vibrations-in-superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome
#11
Krister Brantberg, Luca Verrecchia, Magnus Westin
A key feature of superior canal dehiscence (SCD) syndrome is supranormal hearing of body sounds. The aim of the present study was to quantify this phenomenon and to ascertain whether auditory sensitivity to body vibrations can distinguish SCD patients. Hearing thresholds in response to vibration at the vertex, at the spinous process of the 7th cervical vertebra, and at the medial malleolus were tested in 10 SCD patients and 10 controls. Both patients and controls had insert earphones in both ears. The insert in the test ear was blocked while masking was presented to the other ear...
January 13, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081317/hormone-therapy-in-hypospadias-surgery-a-survey-on-the-current-practice-in-turkey
#12
Gülnur Göllü Bahadır, Ergun Ergün, Onur Telli, Farid Khanmammadov, Ahmet Murat Çakmak
BACKGROUND/AIM: Nowadays surgical intervention is possible in smaller phalluses and younger children with hypospadias disease. Different hormone treatments with different doses, modalities, indications, and treatment times come along with some disputes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the management approaches in hypospadias surgery of surgeons in regards to hormone preparations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were sent via e-mail to 110 actively working pediatric surgeons and urologists...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081140/bnlate-a-cys2-his2-type-zinc-finger-protein-enhances-silique-shattering-resistance-by-negatively-regulating-lignin-accumulation-in-the-silique-walls-of-brassica-napus
#13
Zhangsheng Tao, Yi Huang, Lida Zhang, Xinfa Wang, Guihua Liu, Hanzhong Wang
Silique shattering resistance is one of the most important agricultural traits in oil crop breeding. Seed shedding from siliques prior to and during harvest causes devastating losses in oilseed yield. Lignin biosynthesis in the silique walls is thought to affect silique-shattering resistance in oil crops. Here, we identified and characterized B. napus LATE FLOWERING (BnLATE), which encodes a Cys2/His2-type zinc-finger protein. Heterologous expression of BnLATE under the double enhanced CaMV 35S promoter (D35S) in wild-type Arabidopsis plants resulted in a marked decrease in lignification in the replum, valve layer (carpel) and dehiscence zone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081020/sonographic-findings-and-diagnostic-pitfalls-in-evaluation-for-uterine-rupture-in-a-case-of-fetal-demise-and-prior-cesarean-delivery-of-unknown-type
#14
James Andrew Spain, Shehbaz Shaikh, Sharon A Sandberg
A 38-week pregnant patient with history of cesarean delivery was admitted to the hospital for induction of labor after diagnosis of fetal demise. When the clinical picture became concerning for uterine scar dehiscence, an ultrasound was ordered. After targeted ultrasound of the lower uterine segment, the sonographer initially reported thin but intact lower uterine segment and normal positioning of the fetus. By keeping a high level of suspicion, the radiologist analyzed the images submitted and found other clues suggesting possible dehiscence or rupture...
January 9, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079244/preoperative-multidisciplinary-program-for-bariatric-surgery-a-proposal-for-the-brazilian-public-health-system
#15
Elinton Adami Chaim, José Carlos Pareja, Martinho Antonio Gestic, Murillo Pimentel Utrini, Everton Cazzo
BACKGROUND: - Bariatric surgery has become the gold standard treatment for morbid obesity, but access to surgery remains difficult and low compliance to postoperative follow-up is common. To improve outcomes, enable access and optimize follow-up, we developed a multidisciplinary preoperative approach for bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: - To determine the impact of this program in the outcomes of bariatric surgery in the Brazilian public health system. METHODS: - A prospective evaluation of the individuals who underwent a preoperative multidisciplinary program for bariatric surgery and comparison of their surgical outcomes with those observed in the prospectively collected historical database of the individuals who underwent surgery before the beginning of the program...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073597/en-bloc-resection-of-the-pelvis-enbrp-in-patients-with-stage-iiic-iv-ovarian-cancer-a-10-steps-standardised-technique-surgical-and-survival-outcomes-of-primary-vs-interval-surgery
#16
Roberto Tozzi, Kieran Hardern, Kumar Gubbala, Riccardo Garruto Campanile, Hooman Soleymani Majd
OBJECTIVE: In this study we describe the technique of the En-bloc resection of the pelvis (EnBRP) in 10 standardised and reproducible steps, whereby all pelvic organs, except the bladder, are removed together with the peritoneum. In addition, we compare the surgical and survival outcomes of patients who underwent upfront vs. interval surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with FIGO Stage IIIC-IV ovarian cancer treated with Visceral Peritoneal Debulking (VPD) who had EnBRP...
January 7, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070914/risk-of-cesarean-scar-defect-in-single-versus-double-layer-uterine-closure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Gabriele Saccone, Rebekah McCurdy, Emmanuel Bujold, Giuseppe Bifulco, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence suggests that the surgical technique for uterine closure influences uterine scar healing, but there is still no consensus about optimal uterine closure during cesarean delivery (CD). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the effect of single- versus double-layer closure on the risk of uterine scar defect. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, http://ClinicalTrials.gov, the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception of each database until May 2016...
January 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070049/-common-factors-for-ischemic-cerebral-stroke-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-concomitant-carotid-and-coronary-artery-severe-stenosis
#18
Lei Huang, Feng Kuang, Zhonggui Shan, Yiquan Lai, Hongwei Guo
To analyze two common factors for perioperative ischemic stroke in patients with concomitant carotid and coronary artery severe stenosis and to improve the therapeutic effect.
 Methods: A total of 44 patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease combined with carotid stenosis, who admitted to the Department of Cardiac Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from 2008 to 2014, were enrolled in this study. Among them, 32 cases were male, 12 cases was female. All patients received coronary artery bypass grafting after treatment of neck diseases...
December 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069525/utilization-of-the-nsqip-pediatric-database-in-development-and-validation-of-a-new-predictive-model-of-pediatric-postoperative-wound-complications
#19
Ilan I Maizlin, David T Redden, Elizabeth A Beierle, Mike K Chen, Robert T Russell
BACKGROUND: Surgical wound classification, introduced in 1964, stratifies the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) based on a clinical estimate of the inoculum of bacteria encountered during the procedure. Recent literature has questioned the accuracy of predicting SSI risk based on wound classification. We hypothesized that a more specific model founded on specific patient and perioperative factors would more accurately predict the risk of SSI. STUDY DESIGN: Using all observations from the 2012 to 2014 pediatric National Quality Surgical Improvement-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) Participant Use File, patients were randomized into model creation and model verification datasets...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063908/laser-angiography-with-indocyanine-green-icg-to-assess-vaginal-cuff-perfusion-during-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-tlh-a-pilot-study
#20
Benjamin D Beran, Marie Shockley, Katrin Arnolds, Pedro Escobar, Stephen Zimberg, Michael L Sprague
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine feasibility of using laser angiography with ICG to assess vaginal cuff vascular perfusion during TLH. DESIGN: Pilot feasibility trial DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force Class II-2 SETTING: Academic-affiliated hospital PATIENTS: Twenty women undergoing TLH for benign disease. INTERVENTIONS: Participants underwent 1:1 randomization of energy method used for colpotomy (ultrasonic versus monopolar) and vaginal cuff closure suture (barbed versus non-barbed)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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