keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rectal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241300/prevalence-of-fluoroquinolone-resistant-rectal-flora-in-patients-undergoing-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-needle-biopsy-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#1
Ho Seok Chung, Eu Chang Hwang, Ho Song Yu, Seung Il Jung, Sun Ju Lee, Dong Hoon Lim, Won Jin Cho, Hyun Sop Choe, Seung-Ju Lee, Sung Woon Park
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant rectal flora in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy and to identify the high-risk groups. METHODS: From January 2015 to March 2016, rectal swabs of 557 men who underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy were obtained from five institutions. Clinical variables, including demographics, rectal swab culture results and infectious complications, were evaluated...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241219/yap-inhibits-the-apoptosis-and-migration-of-human-rectal-cancer-cells-via-suppression-of-jnk-drp1-mitochondrial-fission-htra2-omi-pathways
#2
Haijun Li, Fucheng He, Xin Zhao, Yuan Zhang, Xi Chu, Chunlan Hua, Yunhui Qu, Yu Duan, Liang Ming
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Hippo-Yap pathway is associated with tumor development and progression. However, little evidence is available concerning its role in cancer cell apoptosis and migration via mitochondrial homeostasis. Here, we identify mitochondrial fission as a regulator of the Hippo-Yap pathway in human rectal cancer tumorigenesis and metastasis. METHODS: In this study, we performed loss-of function assays concerning Yap in RCC via shRNA. Cellular viability and apoptosis were measured via MTT, the TUNEL assay and trypan blue staining...
December 12, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241084/neoadjuvant-radiotherapy-combined-with-capecitabine-and-sorafenib-in-patients-with-advanced-kras-mutated-rectal-cancer-a-phase-i-ii-trial-sakk-41-08
#3
Roger von Moos, Dieter Koeberle, Sabina Schacher, Stefanie Hayoz, Ralph C Winterhalder, Arnaud Roth, György Bodoky, Panagiotis Samaras, Martin D Berger, Daniel Rauch, Piercarlo Saletti, Ludwig Plasswilm, Daniel Zwahlen, Urs R Meier, Pu Yan, Paola Izzo, Dirk Klingbiel, Daniela Bärtschi, Kathrin Zaugg
BACKGROUND: KRAS mutation occurs in ∼40% of locally advanced rectal cancers (LARCs). The multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor sorafenib has radiosensitising effects and might improve outcomes for standard preoperative chemoradiotherapy in patients with KRAS-mutated LARC. METHODS: Adult patients with KRAS-mutated T3/4 and/or N1/2M0 LARC were included in this phase I/II study. The phase I dose-escalation study of capecitabine plus sorafenib and radiotherapy was followed by a phase II study assessing efficacy and safety...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240888/barriers-to-contacting-general-practice-with-alarm-symptoms-of-colorectal-cancer-a-population-based-study
#4
Dorte E Jarbøl, Sanne Rasmussen, Rikke P Svendsen, Kirubakaran Balasubramaniam, Peter F Haastrup, Maja S Petersen, Mojib Fallah, Sandra Elnegaard
Background: A prerequisite for general practitioners (GPs) being able to refer patients with cancer alarm symptoms for further investigations is that individuals present to the GP. Knowledge of barriers to help-seeking is, however, sparse. Objectives. The aim of this study was to analyse associations between the experience of recent-onset alarm symptom of colorectal cancer and four different barriers towards GP contact. Methods: A nationwide web-based cohort survey was conducted in 100000 individuals aged 20 years or above, randomly selected from the Danish Civil Registration System...
December 12, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240781/comparing-mail-in-self-collected-specimens-sent-via-united-states-postal-service-versus-clinic-collected-specimens-for-the-detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-extra-genital-sites
#5
Katheryn R Salow, Adam C Cohen, Claire C Bristow, Mark R McGrath, Jeffrey D Klausner
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the concordance between clinic-collected extra-genital specimens and self-collected mailed-in extra-genital specimens among participants seeking sexually transmitted infection testing at a free clinic in Hollywood, CA. METHODS: A convenience sample of 210 men who have sex with men were enrolled between February 29, 2016 and December 21, 2016 and received mail-in testing kits for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG). All testing was performed using the GeneXpert® CT/NG (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240633/sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-of-hiv-positive-medicare-and-medicaid-enrollees-falls-short-of-guidelines
#6
Raphael J Landovitz, Jennifer L Gildner, Arleen A Leibowitz
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men with HIV have high sexually transmitted infection (STI) incidence. Thus, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends at least yearly STI screening of HIV-infected individuals. METHODS: We calculated testing rates for syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea among HIV-positive Californians with Medicare or Medicaid insurance in 2010. Logistic regressions estimated how testing for each bacterial STI relates to demographic and provider factors...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239983/effects-of-2-dehydration-on-lactate-concentration-during-constant-load-cycling
#7
J M Green, Miller Bl, J D Simpson, Dubroc Dr, Keyes Aa, Neal Kk, Gann Jj, Andre Tl
The lactate [La] threshold can predict endurance performance potential. Dehydration may alter [La] threshold. This study examined effects of dehydration on [La] response during constant load cycling. Recreationally fit (VO2 peak = 48.7 ± 5.2 ml•kg•min) male participants (n=9) completed 2 x 40 min constant-load cycling trials; euhydrated (HYD) and following previous evening passive (water bath) dehydration (2% body weight, DEH) (HYD and DEH counterbalanced). [La], heart rate (HR), 10 point Omni Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and rectal temperature (Trec) were measured following warm-up and at 10, 20, 30, and 40 min...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239761/deflate-to-extricate-a-technique-for-rectal-foreign-body-removal-of-inflatable-ball
#8
Elizabeth C Robinson, David Roy, Brian E Driver
BACKGROUND: Rectal foreign bodies are commonly encountered in the emergency department (ED). Three techniques are well described in literature, including using a Foley catheter, "scooping" the object out, or grasping the object directly with ring forceps. We present a novel extraction method for an inflatable foreign body. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old man presented to the ED 13 h after inserting a rubber inflatable child's ball into his rectum. After well-described extraction techniques failed to remove the ball, an 18-gauge needle at the end of a syringe was inserted into the rectum to puncture the ball and partially deflate it...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239347/chronic-constipation
#9
REVIEW
Michael Camilleri, Alexander C Ford, Gary M Mawe, Phil G Dinning, Satish S Rao, William D Chey, Magnus Simrén, Anthony Lembo, Tonia M Young-Fadok, Lin Chang
Chronic constipation is a prevalent condition that severely impacts the quality of life of those affected. Several types of primary chronic constipation, which show substantial overlap, have been described, including normal-transit constipation, rectal evacuation disorders and slow-transit constipation. Diagnosis of primary chronic constipation involves a multistep process initiated by the exclusion of 'alarm' features (for example, unintentional weight loss or rectal bleeding) that might indicate organic diseases (such as polyps or tumours) and a therapeutic trial with first-line treatments such as dietary changes, lifestyle modifications and over-the-counter laxatives...
December 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239268/a-community-perspective-on-bowel-management-and-quality-of-life-after-spinal-cord-injury-the-influence-of-autonomic-dysreflexia
#10
Jessica A Inskip, Vera-Ellen M Lucci, Maureen S McGrath, Rhonda Willms, Victoria E Claydon
Autonomic dysfunction is common in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and leads to numerous abnormalities, including profound cardiovascular and bowel dysfunction. In those with high level lesions, bowel management is a common trigger for autonomic dysreflexia (AD, hypertension provoked by sensory stimuli below the level of injury). Improving bowel care is integral for enhancing quality of life (QoL). We aimed to describe the relationships between bowel care, AD, and QoL in individuals with SCI. We performed an online community survey of individuals living with SCI (n=287; injury levels C1-sacral)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238809/accreditation-readiness-in-us-multidisciplinary-rectal-cancer-care-a-survey-of-ostrich-member-institutions
#11
Lawrence Lee, David W Dietz, Fergal J Fleming, Feza H Remzi, Steven D Wexner, David Winchester, John R T Monson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238577/lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-due-to-rectal-dieulafoy-s-lesion
#12
Omar N Nadhem, Omar A Salh, Omar H Bazzaz
Dieulafoy's lesion is a relatively rare but serious cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. It usually involves the upper gastrointestinal tract. However, it has recently been reported in different regions of the gastrointestinal tract, including the rectum. Here, we report the case of a female patient who presented with fresh bleeding per rectum for 1 day with low hemoglobin level. Colonoscopy revealed an actively bleeding rectal Dieulafoy's lesion which was successfully treated with a clip. To our knowledge, there have been few reported cases of lower gastrointestinal bleeding caused by Dieulafoy's lesion in the rectum...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238222/the-burden-of-selected-cancers-in-the-us-health-behaviors-and-health-care-resource-utilization
#13
Laura Iadeluca, Jack Mardekian, Pratibha Chander, Markay Hopps, Geoffrey T Makinson
Objective: To characterize the disease burden among survivors of those cancers having the highest incidence in the US. Methods: Adult (≥18 years) survivors of the 11 most frequently diagnosed cancers were identified from publically available data sources, including the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results 9 1973-2012, National Health Interview Survey 2013, and the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2011. Chi-square tests and one-way analyses of variance were utilized to assess differences between cancer survivors and non-cancer controls in behavioral characteristics, symptoms and functions, preventative screenings, and health care costs...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237669/a-play-that-went-wrong-unique-presentation-of-bowel-perforation-from-an-unusually-large-per-rectal-foreign-body
#14
Saad Ikram, Shailendra Singh, Ramana Kallam, Ajay Dabra
Colorectal foreign bodies (FBs) are not unheard of in the province of surgery. They are commonly seen in men ranging from 20 to 90 years of age with a bimodal age distribution. A variety of objects have been described and reported in literature. Management involves a complete history and examination followed by the necessary investigations. Most of the time they can be removed at bedside with some manipulation techniques employing the use of some ingenious devices and/or endoscopy for adamant objects. But persistent FBs or those that are high in the rectum or those that present with complications will require operative management...
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237540/prokinetic-effects-of-neurokinin-2-receptor-agonists-on-the-bladder-and-rectum-of-rats-with-acute-spinal-cord-transection
#15
Lesley Marson, Karl B Thor, Mary Katofiasc, Edward C Burgard, Nadia M J Rupniak
The suitability of various neurokinin-2 (NK2) receptor agonists and routes of administration to elicit on-demand voiding of the bladder and bowel, as future therapy for individuals with spinal cord injury, was examined using a rat model. The current study examined the feasibility of alternative routes of administration, which are more practical for clinical use than intravenous (IV) administration. Voiding and isovolumetric cystometry were recorded in anesthetized, acutely spinalized, female rats after IV, subcutaneous (SC), intramuscular (IM), intranasal (IN), or sublingual (SL) administration of [Lys5,MeLeu9,Nle10]-NKA(4-10] (LMN-NKA)...
December 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237408/predictors-of-post-stroke-body-temperature-elevation
#16
Rebecca Ruborg, Karin Gunnarsson, Jakob O Ström
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates that elevated body temperature after stroke is associated with unfavorable outcome. The aim of the current study was to investigate which factors predict temperature elevation within 48 h of stroke onset. Specifically, we hypothesized that temperature elevation would be associated with stroke symptom severity and that hemorrhagic stroke would cause a more pronounced temperature increase compared to ischemic stroke. METHODS: The medical records of 400 stroke patients were retrospectively reviewed...
December 13, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237218/-cylindric-abdominoperineal-rectum-exstirpation-with-partial-vulvar-and-vaginal-resection-as-well-as-perineal-and-vaginal-defect-reconstruction-by-a-vertical-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-vram-flap
#17
Christian Krautz, Klaus Weber, Roland Croner, Axel Denz, Matthias Maak, Raymund E Horch, Robert Grützmann
Introduction Patients with low rectal cancer or anal cancer undergoing abdominoperineal excision (APE) benefit from extended surgery and the subsequent avoidance of surgical "waisting" at the level of the puborectalis muscle. The method of cylindrical APE was introduced by T. Holm and led to a reduction of intraoperative perforations and involvement of circumferential resection margins, and subsequently reduced the risk of local recurrence. The use of myocutaneous flaps reduces perineal wound complications, which occur in up to 60% of patients with primary closure of perineal defects, especially following neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy...
December 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237205/-how-does-diabetes-mellitus-influence-early-postoperative-results-and-survival-in-rectal-cancer
#18
Björn Gebauer, Frank Meyer, Henry Ptok, Ralf Steinert, Ronny Otto, Hans Lippert, Ingo Gastinger
Introduction Aim of this study was to investigate the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) onto the early postoperative and long-term oncosurgical outcome after surgery for rectal cancer using data prospectively obtained in a representative number of patients. Methods Data (using a registration form of 68 items) from the ongoing multicenter observational study "rectal cancer (primary tumor) - elective surgery" on Quality Assurance was used including years 2008 to 2011. A voluntary and frequent follow-up was done to gain long-term data...
December 13, 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237142/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-for-patients-with-rare-rectal-tumors
#19
Xin Wu, Guole Lin, Huizhong Qiu, Jiaolin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) has been accepted worldwide for the treatment of local rectal lesions. Rare rectal tumors consist of several different types of malignant or benign tumors. Surgical management is considered to be the only curative option. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of TEM in the treatment of rare rectal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 147 patients with rare rectal tumors underwent TEM in our center from April 2006 to May 2017...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236656/secondary-syphilis-associated-with-membranous-nephropathy-and-acute-hepatitis-in-a-patient-with-hiv-a-case-report
#20
Zhou Zhang, Aviv Hever, Nitin Bhasin, Dean A Kujubu
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of membranous nephropathy associated with a secondary syphilis infection in a patient with HIV. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old white man with HIV who was receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy presented to the Emergency Department with 6 weeks of rectal pain. He had a CD3-CD4 count of 656 cells/mm3 and an undetectable viral load. On admission, he was found to have an anal ulcer, a serum creatinine of 1.4 mg/dL (baseline 0...
2017: Permanente Journal
keyword
keyword
3135
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"