Read by QxMD icon Read

Submental flap harvesting

Mora-Ortiz Asuncion, Sung-Yu Chu, Yen-Ling Huang, Chia-Yu Lin, Ming-Huei Cheng
Background: Submental lymph node transfer has proved to be an effective approach for the treatment of lymphedema. This study was to investigate the anatomy and distribution of vascularized submental lymph node (VSLN) flap using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and their clinical outcome. Methods: Fifteen patients who underwent 19 VSLN flap transfers for upper or lower limb lymphedema were retrospectively analyzed. The number of submental lymph nodes was compared among preoperative MRI, preoperative sonography, intraoperative finding, postoperative sonography, and postoperative computed tomography angiography...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Akshay V Patel, Jason E Thuener, Kate Clancy, Mustafa Ascha, Nauman F Manzoor, Chad A Zender
OBJECTIVES: The submental artery island flap (SIF) has recently been described in temporal bone defects. At our institution we have broadened the application of the SIF and modified the harvest technique for complex lateral facial and skull base defects. Our primary aim is to evaluate the outcomes of patients undergoing complex lateral facial soft tissue, parotidectomy, and temporal bone defects who are reconstructed with the SIF to a similar cohort undergoing free tissue transfer reconstruction...
March 2018: Oral Oncology
Hideaki Nonomura, Bien-Keem Tan, Pearlie W W Tan, Terence Goh
BACKGROUND: Extremity lymphedema is a pathological condition resulting from absence of lymph nodes and disease of lymphatic vessels, often due to oncologic clearance of lymph nodes. In recent years, vascularized lymph node transfer has become a rapidly emerging method of lymphatic reconstruction shown to lead to lymphatic regeneration. In particular, lymphatic flaps based on the submental artery have shown good results with its favorable donor site and available nodes. The lymph nodes here are in close relation to the submandibular gland and require careful dissection around and through the gland for safe harvest...
April 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
W H Wang, Z R Zou, B Xu, W Q Wang, S Y Shen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe maxillary reconstruction using the submental artery island flap and the sagittal mandibular ramus and coronoid process graft pedicled with the temporalis muscle through the modified lateral lip and submandibular approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2013 to September 2016, 11 patients with maxillary defects secondary to maxillary cancer ablation who underwent maxillary reconstruction using a submental artery island flap and a sagittal mandibular ramus and coronoid process graft pedicled with the temporalis muscle through the modified lateral lip and submandibular approach were enrolled in this prospective study...
October 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Caitlin Bertelsen, Changxing Liu, Niels Kokot
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the options for reconstruction of parotid and lateral skull base defects based on the size and functional requirements of the defect. RECENT FINDINGS: Free grafts with dermal fat or acellular human dermis, superficial musculoaponeurotic system flaps, and sternocleidomastoid flaps have been successful in preventing Frey's syndrome and restoring facial contour defects after superficial and total parotidectomy...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Yu-Ying Chu, Robert J Allen, Ting-Jung Wu, Ming-Huei Cheng
BACKGROUND: The greater omentum is supplied by the right, middle, and left omental arteries, which arise from the right and left gastroepiploic arteries. All or part of the greater omentum can be harvested based on this blood supply for free tissue transfer. It has stimulated new interest in its use as the donor site in the treatment of lymphedema. For patients who have failed other management options or have limited peripheral lymph node donor sites, the greater omental lymph node flap may offer the best chance for lymphedema treatment...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Igor Poccia, Chia-Yu Lin, Ming-Huei Cheng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Due to its consistent vascular and lymphatic anatomy, the vascularized submental lymph node flap is a reliable option for lymphedema treatment. Despite these advantages, flap harvest requires resection of platysma, which may cause a marginal mandibular nerve pseudo-paralysis. The aim of this study was to investigate the donor site morbidity of an innovative platysma-sparing vascularized submental lymph node flap transfer for treating extremity lymphedema. METHODS: Ten patients undergoing platysma sparing submental lymph-node flap harvest were prospectively enrolled in the study and compared with a control group of 10 patients who underwent standard submental lymph-node flap harvest...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
P Sittitrai, C Srivanitchapoom, D Reunmakkaew, K Yata
The submental island flap is useful as an alternative to microvascular free tissue transfer for the reconstruction of defects after resection of oral cancer because it is simple to harvest, reliable, and is associated with good oral function and low morbidity. However, because cancer of the oral cavity carries a risk of level I nodal metastases, the oncological safety of the flap remains controversial. Between April 2012 and September 2016, we studied patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity who had surgical resection with submental island flap reconstruction for viability of the flap, signs of recurrence, and complications...
April 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Nathan Jowett, Tessa A Hadlock, Eyal Sela, Miklos Toth, Rainald Knecht, Balazs B Lörincz
OBJECTIVE: To objectively assess donor site morbidity after harvesting the facial artery musculomucosal flap. Use of the FAMM-flap in oral cavity reconstruction remains sporadic. This case series describes our newly developed standardized assessment of this flap in a floor of mouth (FOM) reconstructive setting. METHODS: Standardized postoperative assessment of the FAMM flap for donor site wound complications, functional, facial mimetic and oncologic outcomes. RESULTS: There were no wound complications...
April 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Damian Mullan, Damir Kosutic
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vascularized submental lymph-node (VSLN) transfer is gaining popularity as a reliable donor-site in microsurgical treatment of lymphedema. However, variations in number, location, and blood supply to submental lymph-nodes as well as associate skin-paddle make a predictable flap harvest a challenging task. We analyzed this region on preoperative imaging, to improve accuracy of VSLN transfers. METHODS: Contrast CT-scan analysis of VSLN-flap areas was performed in 58 patients...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Chieh Han Tzou, Stefan Meng, Tinhofer Ines, Lukas Reissig, Ursula Pichler, Johannes Steinbacher, Igor Pona, Julia Roka-Palkovits, Thomas Rath, Wolfgang J Weninger, Ming-Huei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Harvesting the submental flap for vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) presents a challenging procedure because of, the topographic variation of the submental artery (SA) and the marginal mandible nerve (MMN) and the limited pedicle length for a free tissue transfer. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical anatomical landmarks and variations of the submental lymph node flap (SLNF). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The authors examined the characteristics and landmarks of 18 SLNF in nine fresh cadavers...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Brittany E Howard, Thomas H Nagel, David M Barrs, Carrlene B Donald, Richard E Hayden
OBJECTIVES: To compare reconstructive techniques, operative times, duration of hospitalization, and need for subsequent flap revisions between reconstructive approaches to lateral skull base defects. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. SUBJECTS: Patients (n = 31) undergoing reconstruction of composite lateral skull base defects from 2002 to 2014. METHODS: Data were analyzed for demographics, tumor characteristics, reconstructive technique, operative time, duration of hospitalization, complications, and outcomes...
June 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Pearlie W W Tan, Terence Goh, Hideaki Nonomura, Bien-Keem Tan
OBJECTIVES: Vascularized lymph node transfer for lymphedema is an emerging method of treatment. Vascularized lymph nodes have been harvested from a number of donor sites, that is, groin, axilla, and neck. There is a concern that harvesting nodes from the groin and axilla may lead to donor site lymphedema. This risk is greatly reduced in harvesting from the neck due to the abundant supply of lymph nodes here. In this cadaver study, we describe the submandibular and upper jugular groups of lymph nodes, demonstrate their hilar vessels, their source pedicles and drainage veins, quantified and qualified these groups of lymph nodes and their relationship to surrounding structures...
January 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Islam A Elzahaby, Sameh Roshdy, Fayez Shahatto, Osama Hussein
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a fairly common tumor of the oral cavity. This tumor may affect any part of the mucosa of the oral cavity especially the tongue, the floor of the mouth and lips. The encountered intra-oral defects after tumor resection are often large and require climbing up the reconstruction ladder to more complex reconstructive options for accepted functional and cosmetic results to be achieved. However, most of the patients are old with medical co-morbidities requiring fast, simple, less morbid reconstructive option such as local flaps...
July 14, 2015: BMC Oral Health
Weiming Shen, Jie Cui, Jianbing Chen, Jijun Zou
Scar and defect in the lower face always lead to serious facial deformity and asymmetry. Conventional method such as skin graft or free flap is hard to obtain a satisfactory outcome. In this article, we present a skin expanding technique. An expanded flap was designed to repair the lower face scar or defect on submental and submandibular regions. A tissue expander was implanted into the region and inflated for 2 to 3 months. After removing the expander, we harvested the flap as a rotation flap to repair the lower facial defect...
March 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Wan-Chun Tsai, Jinn-Moon Yang, Shao-Cheng Liu, Yueng-Hsiang Chu, Wen-Sen Lai, Yaoh-Shiang Lin, Jih-Chin Lee
Head and neck surgeries often accompany with moderate-sized defects that require time-consuming reconstructions by free flaps. The submental flap is a versatile and time-effective option for reconstruction of orofacial defects providing acceptable cosmetic and functional results without requiring microsurgical techniques. A retrospective case series study of patients who underwent reconstruction with the submental flap between 2009 and 2013 was conducted. There were 36 patients (33 men and 3 women), with a mean age of 56...
December 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Jawad Safdar, Fa-Yu Liu, Yousuf Moosa, Zhong-Fei Xu, Zhen-Ning Li, Chang-Fu Sun
OBJECTIVE: To compare the platysma flap with submental flap in terms of tumor and flap characteristics, operative properties and the functional outcomes. METHODS: A total of 65 patients presented with tumors of head and neck and underwent curative tumor resection with different neck dissections at the Department of Oromaxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Stomatology of China Medical University; from March 2005 to December 2012 were included in the study...
July 2014: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Allen Cheng, Tuan Bui
The submental island flap is a local flap that is simple to raise and is useful for oral and lower face reconstruction of soft tissue defects. It is based on the submental artery and the facial vein. Using a retrograde flow design allows for reconstruction of forehead, temporal, and periorbital defects. Raising the flap with the ipsilateral digastric and a portion of the mylohyoid muscle is helpful in protecting the vascular pedicle. Extra care is required when raising the flap when performing an elective or therapeutic neck dissection, because Level I lymph-node-bearing tissue may be harvested with the flap...
August 2014: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Hanqian Liu, Huiming Yu, Jiawu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the submental island flap for repair of oral defects after radical resection of early-stage oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: Between February 2010 and August 2011, 15 cases of early-stage OSCC were treated. Of 15 cases, 9 were male and 6 were female, aged from 48 to 71 years (mean, 63 years). The disease duration was 28-73 days (mean, 35 days). Primary lesions included tongue (3 cases), buccal mucosa (8 cases), retromolar area (2 cases), and floor of mouth mucosa (2 cases)...
September 2013: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Fa-yu Liu, Rui-wu Li, Jawad Safdar, Zhen-ning Li, Nan Guo, Zhong-fei Xu, Shu-fen Ge, Jun-lin Li, Shao-hui Huang, Xue-xin Tan, Chang-fu Sun
BACKGROUND: The usage of submental flap is a good method for head and neck reconstruction, but it has some risk also, such as anatomical variations and surgical errors. In this article, we present a modified incision design for the submental flap. METHODS: We designed a modified submental flap incision method based on the overlap of the incision outline of the submental flap, platysma myocutaneous flap and infrahyoid myocutaneous flap. If we found that the submental flap was unreliable during the neck dissection at the level III, II and Ib areas, the infrahyoid myocutaneous flap or platysma myocutaneous flap was used to replace it...
2013: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"