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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222679/-objective-audiometry-and-clinical-application
#1
M Cebulla, D Ehrmann-Müller, W Shehata-Dieler
Subjective and objective hearing tests are used for evaluation of hearing impairments. Objective methods include impedance measurement with tympanometry and stapedius reflex measurement, otoacoustic emissions (OAE), and auditory evoked potentials (AEP). Combined with statistical analysis, the introduction of auditory steady state responses (ASSR) has enabled objective hearing tests in newborn hearing screening and automated hearing threshold assessment. The type and degree of hearing loss can be determined using the abovementioned methods...
December 8, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222574/improving-hearing-aid-self-efficacy-and-utility-through-revising-a-hearing-aid-user-guide-a-pilot-study
#2
Alexandra McMullan, Rebecca J Kelly-Campbell, Kim Wise
Purpose: This pilot study aimed to investigate whether revising a hearing aid user guide (HAUG) is associated with improved hearing aid self-efficacy and utility performance. Method: In Part 1, an HAUG was evaluated using the Suitability Assessment of Material (SAM) and readability formulas (Flesch Reading Ease [Flesch, 1943], Flesch-Kincaid Readability Formula [Kincaid, Fishburne, Rogers, & Chissom, 1957], and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook [McLaughlin, 1969])...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222544/association-of-age-related-hearing-loss-with-cognitive-function-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
David G Loughrey, Michelle E Kelly, George A Kelley, Sabina Brennan, Brian A Lawlor
Importance: Epidemiologic research on the possible link between age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and cognitive decline and dementia has produced inconsistent results. Clarifying this association is of interest because ARHL may be a risk factor for outcomes of clinical dementia. Objectives: To examine and estimate the association between ARHL and cognitive function, cognitive impairment, and dementia through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Data Sources and Study Selection: A search of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and SCOPUS from inception to April 15, 2016, with cross-referencing of retrieved studies and personal files for potentially eligible studies was performed...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222398/cerebral-palsy-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#4
Maria Hafström, Karin Källén, Fredrik Serenius, Karel Maršál, Eva Rehn, Helen Drake, Ulrika Ådén, Aijaz Farooqi, Kristina Thorngren-Jerneck, Bo Strömberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The risk of cerebral palsy (CP) is high in preterm infants and is often accompanied by additional neurodevelopmental comorbidities. The present study describes lifetime prevalence of CP in a population-based prospective cohort of children born extremely preterm, including the type and severity of CP and other comorbidities (ie, developmental delay and/or cognitive impairment, neurobehavioral morbidity, epilepsy, vision and hearing impairments), and overall severity of disability...
December 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218332/evaluating-author-and-user-experience-for-an-audio-haptic-system-for-annotation-of-physical-models
#5
James M Coughlan, Joshua Miele
We describe three usability studies involving a prototype system for creation and haptic exploration of labeled locations on 3D objects. The system uses a computer, webcam, and fiducial markers to associate a physical 3D object in the camera's view with a predefined digital map of labeled locations ("hotspots"), and to do real-time finger tracking, allowing a blind or visually impaired user to explore the object and hear individual labels spoken as each hotspot is touched. This paper describes: (a) a formative study with blind users exploring pre-annotated objects to assess system usability and accuracy; (b) a focus group of blind participants who used the system and, through structured and unstructured discussion, provided feedback on its practicality, possible applications, and real-world potential; and (c) a formative study in which a sighted adult used the system to add labels to on-screen images of objects, demonstrating the practicality of remote annotation of 3D models...
October 2017: ASSETS Association for Computing Machinery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216778/costs-and-effectiveness-of-hearing-conservation-programs-at-14%C3%A2-us-metal-manufacturing-facilities
#6
Stephanie K Sayler, Peter M Rabinowitz, Linda F Cantley, Deron Galusha, Richard L Neitzel
OBJECTIVE: This study characterised overall and specific costs associated with hearing conservation programmes (HCPs) at US metal manufacturing sites, and examined the association between these costs and several noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) outcomes. DESIGN: We interviewed personnel and reviewed records at participating facilities. We also measured noise for comparison to the ten-year average of measurements made by each facility. NIHL outcomes assessed included rates of standard threshold shifts (STS) and high-frequency hearing loss, as well as prevalence of hearing impairment, for each participating facility...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214701/a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-of-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-sedentary-behaviour-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#7
C A Melville, A McGarty, L Harris, L Hughes-McCormack, M Baltzer, L A McArthur, J Morrison, L Allan, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: High levels of sedentary behaviour have a negative impact on health and well-being. There is limited evidence on the prevalence and correlates of sedentary behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). METHODS: A population-based sample of adults with ID were invited to take part in a comprehensive health check programme. Demographic and health data were collected during a structured interview and physical examination. Screen time was used as a proxy measure of sedentary behaviour...
January 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213154/noise-level-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-santa-marta-colombia
#8
Angélica Patricia Garrido Galindo, Yiniva Camargo Caicedo, Andres M Velez-Pereira
Introduction: The environment of neonatal intensive care units is influenced by numerous sources of noise emission, which contribute to raise the noise levels, and may cause hearing impairment and other physiological and psychological changes on the newborn, as well as problems with care staff. Objective: To evaluate the level and sources of noise in the neonatal intensive care unit. Methods: Sampled for 20 consecutive days every 60 seconds in A-weighting curves and fast mode with a Type I sound level meter...
September 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212433/age-dependence-of-thresholds-for-speech-in-noise-in-normal-hearing-adolescents
#9
Irene Jacobi, Marya Sheikh Rashid, Jan A P M de Laat, Wouter A Dreschler
Previously found effects of age on thresholds for speech reception thresholds in noise in adolescents as measured by an online screening survey require further study in a well-controlled teenage sample. Speech reception thresholds (SRT) of 72 normal-hearing adolescent students were analyzed by means of the online speech-in-noise screening tool Earcheck (In Dutch: Oorcheck). Screening was performed at school and included pure-tone audiometry to ensure normal-hearing thresholds. The students' ages ranged from 12 to 17 years...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211164/screening-of-hearing-in-elderly-people-assessment-of-accuracy-and-reproducibility-of-the-whispered-voice-test
#10
Ludimila Labanca, Fernando Sales Guimarães, Letícia Pimenta Costa-Guarisco, Erica de Araújo Brandão Couto, Denise Utsch Gonçalves
Given the high prevalence of presbycusis and its detrimental effect on quality of life, screening tests can be useful tools for detecting hearing loss in primary care settings. This study therefore aimed to determine the accuracy and reproducibility of the whispered voice test as a screening method for detecting hearing impairment in older people. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 210 older adults aged between 60 and 97 years who underwent the whispered voice test employing ten different phrases and using audiometry as a reference test...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211159/social-inequalities-in-limitations-caused-by-chronic-diseases-and-disabilities-in-brazil-the-2013-national-health-survey
#11
Patricia de Moraes Mello Boccolini, Cristina Maria Rabelais Duarte, Miguel Abud Marcelino, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini
This paper aims to evaluate the association between social inequalities and self-reported limitations for the performance of daily activities caused by chronic diseases or disabilities. The 2013 National Health Survey evaluated a sample of Brazilians with 18+ years. The outcome was that individuals reported that their daily activities were moderately, severely or very severely limited (LIMIT) by one or more chronic diseases, or mental, physical, hearing or motor impairment. The main exposure was the economy class, classified into five categories, ranging from A (richest) to E (poorest)...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209272/a-european-perspective-on-auditory-processing-disorder-current-knowledge-and-future-research-focus
#12
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Martin Ptok, Helen Grech, Ellen Raben Pedersen, André Brechmann, Naïma Deggouj, Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska, Andreas Nickisch, Laurent Demanez, Evelyne Veuillet, Hung Thai-Van, Tony Sirimanna, Marina Callimachou, Rosamaria Santarelli, Sandra Kuske, Jose Barajas, Mladen Hedjever, Ozlem Konukseven, Dorothy Veraguth, Tone Stokkereit Mattsson, Jorge Humberto Martins, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Current notions of "hearing impairment," as reflected in clinical audiological practice, do not acknowledge the needs of individuals who have normal hearing pure tone sensitivity but who experience auditory processing difficulties in everyday life that are indexed by reduced performance in other more sophisticated audiometric tests such as speech audiometry in noise or complex non-speech sound perception. This disorder, defined as "Auditory Processing Disorder" (APD) or "Central Auditory Processing Disorder" is classified in the current tenth version of the International Classification of diseases as H93...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208525/novel-familial-mutation-of-lrp5-causing-high-bone-mass-genetic-analysis-clinical-presentation-and-characterization-of-bone-matrix-mineralization
#13
K M Roetzer, G Uyanik, A Brehm, J Zwerina, S Zandieh, T Czech, P Roschger, B M Misof, K Klaushofer
The Wnt signalling pathway is a critical regulator of bone mass and quality. Several heterozygous mutations in the LRP5 gene, a Wnt co-receptor, causing high bone mass (LRP5-HBM) have been described to date. The pathogenic mechanism is thought to be a gain-of-function caused by impaired inhibition of the canonical Wnt signalling pathway, thereby leading to increased bone formation. We report the cases of two affected family members, a 53-year-old mother and her 23-year-old daughter, with high bone mass (T-scores mother: lumbar spine 11...
December 5, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207085/chronic-prenatal-hypoxia-impairs-cochlear-development-a-mechanism-involving-connexin26-expression-and-promoter-methylation
#14
Jingcang Lin, Huang Huang, Guorong Lv, Xiangyang Xu, Wendong Lin, Xianyan Xu, Jing Cheng, Ming Zheng
Chronic prenatal hypoxia is a damaging to fetal development and may have various consequences, including hearing loss. Connexin 26 (Cx26) is one of the major protein subunits required for gap junction formation, and has an important role in maintaining homeostasis in the cochlea and normal hearing. Cx26 mutation and expression abnormality are closely associated with inherited nonsyndromic deafness, but the association between Cx26 and prenatal hypoxia is less established. The present study aimed to examine Cx26 expression and aberrant methylation the Cx26 promoter region in the cochlea from rats exposed to chronic prenatal hypoxia...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205100/role-of-cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-reducing-the-age-at-hearing-aid-fitting-in-children-with-hearing-loss-identified-by-newborn-hearing-screening
#15
Kinjal Mehta, Peter Watkin, Margaret Baldwin, Josephine Marriage, Merle Mahon, Deborah Vickers
Recording of free-field cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) responses to speech tokens was introduced into the audiology management for infants with a permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) during 2011-2015 at a U.K. service. Children with bilateral PCHI were studied from two sequential cohorts. Thirty-four children had followed an audiology pathway prior to CAEP introduction, and 44 children followed a pathway after the introduction of CAEP and were tested with unaided and aided CAEP responses...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204664/-central-and-peripheral-aspects-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss
#16
REVIEW
D Basta, M Gröschel, A Ernst
Noise is an important socioeconomic problem in industrialized countries. Development of efficient treatment options for the audiological phenomena resulting from noise-induced hearing loss requires in-depth understanding of the underlying damage mechanisms causing peripheral and central nervous changes. Mechanical damage, ischemia and excitotoxicity are mainly responsible for noise-induced cell death and biophysical changes in the cochlea. Auditory synaptopathy is an additional consequence. Besides these cochlear pathologies, noise exposure leads to extensive changes within the central auditory pathway...
December 4, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203808/association-between-smoking-and-the-peripheral-vestibular-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Masaoki Wada, Taro Takeshima, Yosikazu Nakamura, Shoichiro Nagasaka, Toyomi Kamesaki, Eiji Kajii, Kazuhiko Kotani
Common inner ear diseases include peripheral vestibular disorder (PVD) and hearing impairment. The association between smoking and peripheral vestibular disorder (PVD) is unclear. We examined associations between smoking and new PVD events. In this retrospective study, we consecutively enrolled 393 participants aged ≥20 years [mean age 65.3 years; males 133 (33.8%)] treated for hypertension, dyslipidaemia, or diabetes mellitus at a primary care clinic between November 2011 and March 2013. Participants were categorized as ever-smokers (including current and past -smokers; divided per <30 and ≥30 pack-years), and never-smokers...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202654/sensation-and-psychiatry-linking-age-related-hearing-loss-to-late-life-depression-and-cognitive-decline
#18
Bret R Rutherford, Katharine Brewster, Justin S Golub, Ana H Kim, Steven P Roose
Recent research has linked age-related hearing loss to impaired performance across cognitive domains and increased risk for dementia diagnosis. The data linking hearing impairment to incident late-life depression are more mixed but suggest that diminished hearing does increase risk for depression. Behavioral mechanisms may explain these associations, such as the withdrawal of older adults from situations in which they may have difficulty hearing and communicating, which may contribute to the development of social isolation, loneliness, and consequent cognitive decline and depression...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197352/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-triobp-pathogenic-variants-as-a-cause-of-post-lingual-bilateral-moderate-to-severe-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#19
Agnieszka Pollak, Urszula Lechowicz, Victor Abel Murcia Pieńkowski, Piotr Stawiński, Joanna Kosińska, Henryk Skarżyński, Monika Ołdak, Rafał Płoski
BACKGROUND: Implementation of whole exome sequencing has provided unique opportunity for a wide screening of causative variants in genetically heterogeneous diseases, including nonsyndromic hearing impairment. TRIOBP in the inner ear is responsible for proper structure and function of stereocilia and is necessary for sound transduction. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing followed by Sanger sequencing was conducted on patients derived from Polish hearing loss family...
December 2, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196914/health-care-utilisation-amongst-older-adults-with-sensory-and-cognitive-impairments-in-europe
#20
David G Lugo-Palacios, Brenda Gannon
Worldwide, the high prevalence of multiple chronic conditions amongst older population has led to increased utilisation of health care and rising associated costs, becoming a major public health concern. Hearing, vision and cognitive disorders are common chronic conditions amongst older Europeans and recent studies have documented its high co-occurrence. While it has been shown separately that suffering either mental disorders or sensory (hearing and vision) impairments is associated with higher health care utilisation, the association between health care utilisation and the interaction of these conditions has received little attention in the literature...
December 1, 2017: Health Economics Review
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