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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677170/development-of-the-who-environmental-noise-guidelines-for-the-european-region-an-introduction
#1
Dorota Jarosińska, Marie-Ève Héroux, Poonum Wilkhu, James Creswick, Jos Verbeek, Jördis Wothge, Elizabet Paunović
Following the Parma Declaration on Environment and Health adopted at the Fifth Ministerial Conference (2010), the Ministers and representatives of Member States in the WHO European Region requested the World Health Organization (WHO) to develop updated guidelines on environmental noise, and called upon all stakeholders to reduce children's exposure to noise, including that from personal electronic devices. The WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region will provide evidence-based policy guidance to Member States on protecting human health from noise originating from transportation (road traffic, railway and aircraft), wind turbine noise, and leisure noise in settings where people spend the majority of their time...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676012/further-audiovestibular-characterization-of-dfnb77-caused-by-deleterious-variants-in-loxhd1-and-investigation-into-the-involvement-of-fuchs-corneal-dystrophy
#2
M Wesdorp, V Schreur, A J Beynon, J Oostrik, J M van de Kamp, M W Elting, M-J H van den Boogaard, I Feenstra, R J C Admiraal, H P M Kunst, C B Hoyng, H Kremer, H G Yntema, R J E Pennings, M Schraders
This study focuses on further characterization of the audiovestibular phenotype and on genotype-phenotype correlations of DFNB77, an autosomal recessive type of hearing impairment (HI). DFNB77 is associated with disease-causing variants in LOXHD1, and is genetically and phenotypically highly heterogeneous. Heterozygous deleterious missense variants in LOXHD1 have been associated with late-onset Fuchs corneal dystrophy (FCD). However, up to now screening for FCD of heterozygous carriers in DFNB77 families has not been reported...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673780/evaluation-of-selective-attention-in-patients-with-misophonia
#3
Fúlvia Eduarda da Silva, Tanit Ganz Sanchez
INTRODUCTION: Misophonia is characterized by the aversion to very selective sounds, which evoke a strong emotional reaction. It has been inferred that misophonia, as well as tinnitus, is associated with hyperconnectivity between auditory and limbic systems. Individuals with bothersome tinnitus may have selective attention impairment, but it has not been demonstrated in case of misophonia yet. OBJECTIVE: To characterize a sample of misophonic subjects and compare it with two control groups, one with tinnitus individuals (without misophonia) and the other with asymptomatic individuals (without misophonia and without tinnitus), regarding the selective attention...
March 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671961/tmtc2-variant-associated-with-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder-in-a-family-dyad
#4
Hector Guillen-Ahlers, Christy B Erbe, Frédéric D Chevalier, Maria J Montoya, Kip D Zimmerman, Carl D Langefeld, Michael Olivier, Christina L Runge
BACKGROUND: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common form of hearing loss that can be inherited or triggered by environmental insults; auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is a SNHL subtype with unique diagnostic criteria. The genetic factors associated with these impairments are vast and diverse, but causal genetic factors are rarely characterized. METHODS: A family dyad, both cochlear implant recipients, presented with a hearing history of bilateral, progressive SNHL, and ANSD...
April 19, 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671212/fungal-suppurative-otitis-media-histopathology-among-patients-in-north-india
#5
Rajpal Singh Punia, Surinder K Singhal, Reetu Kundu, Arjun Das, Jagdish Chander
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) has a substantial worldwide prevalence and is a major cause of hearing impairment. In cases of CSOM unresponsive to local antibiotics, superimposed fungal infection should be suspected. The aim of the present study was to study the spectrum of cases with fungal otitis media. The study was conducted over a period of 12 years (2006-2017). Fifteen cases of CSOM clinically not suspected to be of fungal etiology that underwent surgery with identification of fungal organisms on histopathology were included in the study...
April 18, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671090/postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-after-cochlear-implantation
#6
Annes J Claes, Suzanne de Backer, Paul Van de Heyning, Annick Gilles, Vincent Van Rompaey, Griet Mertens
PURPOSE: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (PCD) is a subtle, prolonged deterioration in cognition after surgery. This complication has been frequently investigated, mainly after major (cardiac) surgery. However, the incidence after cochlear implantation is unknown. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the incidence and possible risk factors of PCD in severely hearing-impaired older adults after cochlear implantation. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 26 older participants (age: M = 70, SD = 8 years), scheduled for cochlear implantation, were assessed prior to and 1 week after implantation by means of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)...
April 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670475/investigation-the-relationship-between-skin-involvement-severity-and-hearing-loss-severity-in-vitiligo-patients
#7
Ahmad Yeganeh Moghaddam, Mansour Sayyah, Elham Alian Fini, Rezvan Talaee
Introduction: Vitiligo is a common acquired depigmented systemic disorder influencing the entire pigmentary system including Cochlear melanocytes and vestibular system in the inner ear. Vitiligo can leads to social negative impact and poorer quality of life among these patients. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between skin involvement severity and hearing loss severity among vitiligo patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 98 patients with vitiligo referred to the dermatology clinic of Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan during 2012-2014...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668848/adult-onset-hearing-impairment-induces-layer-specific-cortical-reorganization-evidence-of-crossmodal-plasticity-and-central-gain-enhancement
#8
Ashley L Schormans, Marei Typlt, Brian L Allman
Adult-onset hearing impairment can lead to hyperactivity in the auditory pathway (i.e., central gain enhancement) as well as increased cortical responsiveness to nonauditory stimuli (i.e., crossmodal plasticity). However, it remained unclear to what extent hearing loss-induced hyperactivity is relayed beyond the auditory cortex, and thus, whether central gain enhancement competes or coexists with crossmodal plasticity throughout the distinct layers of the audiovisual cortex. To that end, we investigated the effects of partial hearing loss on laminar processing in the auditory, visual and audiovisual cortices of adult rats using extracellular electrophysiological recordings performed 2 weeks after loud noise exposure...
April 13, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668374/evidence-based-occupational-hearing-screening-ii-validation-of-a-screening-methodology-using-measures-of-functional-hearing-ability
#9
Sigfrid D Soli, Akiko Amano-Kusumoto, Odile Clavier, Jed Wilbur, Kristen Casto, Daniel Freed, Chantal Laroche, Véronique Vaillancourt, Christian Giguère, Wouter A Dreschler, Koenraad S Rhebergen
OBJECTIVE: Validate use of the Extended Speech Intelligibility Index (ESII) for prediction of speech intelligibility in non-stationary real-world noise environments. Define a means of using these predictions for objective occupational hearing screening for hearing-critical public safety and law enforcement jobs. DESIGN: Analyses of predicted and measured speech intelligibility in recordings of real-world noise environments were performed in two studies using speech recognition thresholds (SRTs) and intelligibility measures...
May 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667705/intellectual-disability-in-cerebral-palsy-a-population-based-retrospective-study
#10
Susan M Reid, Elaine M Meehan, Sarah J Arnup, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: A population-based observational study design was used to describe the epidemiology of intellectual disability in cerebral palsy (CP) in terms of clinical and neuroimaging associations, and to report the impact of intellectual disability on utilization of health services and length of survival. METHOD: Population CP registry data were used to retrospectively assess the frequency of intellectual disability and strength of associations between intellectual disability and mobility, epilepsy, vision, hearing, communication, and neuroimaging patterns (n=1141)...
April 18, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667152/falls-in-mexican-older-adults-aged-60-years-and-older
#11
Luis M Valderrama-Hinds, Soham Al Snih, Nai-Wei Chen, Martin A Rodriguez, Rebeca Wong
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of disability, morbidity, institutionalization, and mortality in older adults. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the risk factors for falls among Mexican older adults aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study included 6247 participants and their spouse or partner aged 60 years and older from the Mexican Health and Aging Study, an ongoing longitudinal study (2001-2012) conducted in Mexico...
April 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666163/neurodevelopmental-impairment-among-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-neonatal-research-network
#12
Ira Adams-Chapman, Roy J Heyne, Sara B DeMauro, Andrea F Duncan, Susan R Hintz, Athina Pappas, Betty R Vohr, Scott A McDonald, Abhik Das, Jamie E Newman, Rosemary D Higgins
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the spectrum of neurodevelopmental outcome in a contemporary cohort of extremely preterm infants. We hypothesize that the rate of severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) decreases over time. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants ≤27 weeks' gestational age (GA) from a Neonatal Research Network center that completed neurodevelopmental follow-up assessments between April 1, 2011, and January 1, 2015...
April 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662891/transient-abnormalities-in-masking-tuning-curve-in-early-progressive-hearing-loss-mouse-model
#13
Marion Souchal, Ludimila Labanca, Sirley Alves da Silva Carvalho, Luciana Macedo de Resende, Christelle Blavignac, Paul Avan, Fabrice Giraudet
Damage to cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs) usually affects frequency selectivity in proportion to hearing threshold increase. However, the current clinical heuristics that attributes poor hearing performance despite near-normal auditory sensitivity to auditory neuropathy or "hidden" synaptopathy overlooks possible underlying OHC impairment. Here, we document the part played by OHCs in influencing suprathreshold auditory performance in the presence of noise in a mouse model of progressive hair cell degeneration, the CD1 strain, at postnatal day 18-30 stages when high-frequency auditory thresholds remained near-normal...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661615/a-perspective-on-brain-behavior-relationships-and-effects-of-age-and-hearing-using-speech-in-noise-stimuli
#14
REVIEW
Curtis J Billings, Brandon M Madsen
Understanding speech in background noise is often more difficult for individuals who are older and have hearing impairment than for younger, normal-hearing individuals. In fact, speech-understanding abilities among older individuals with hearing impairment varies greatly. Researchers have hypothesized that some of that variability can be explained by how the brain encodes speech signals in the presence of noise, and that brain measures may be useful for predicting behavioral performance in difficult-to-test patients...
March 31, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661332/voice-disorders-in-the-elderly
#15
REVIEW
Karen M Kost, Robert T Sataloff
Presbyphonia is more common than appreciated by most physicians, and it is associated with undesirable vocal characteristics such as hoarseness, weakness, breathiness, instability, and tremulousness. Hearing impairment in the patient or his or her friends, family, and associates exacerbates the problem, resulting in depression and social withdrawal, further reducing quality of life. Moreover, voice weakness and instability are all too often misinterpreted as reflecting intellectual instability. Expert diagnosis, medical treatment, voice therapy and training, and occasionally surgery usually can maintain or restore vocal stability and "youth...
May 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658522/effects-of-anthropometric-factors-on-postural-stability-in-individuals-with-hearing-impairment
#16
Agnieszka Zdrodowska, Ida Wiszomirska, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk, Andrzej Kosmol
PURPOSE: Identification of factors that affect postural stability may help to improve diagnostic accuracy and enhance the quality of treatment and rehabilitation. This study sought to assess the relationship between postural stability parameters and anthropometric factors of persons with hearing impairment (HI). METHODS: The study included 128 individuals - 42 subjects with HI and 86 without HI (healthy controls). Research methodology included an interview and a medical examination, anthropometric measurements and stabilometric tests on platforms with stable and unstable surfaces...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656928/benign-paroxysmal-migraine-variants-of-infancy-and-childhood-transitions-and-clinical-features
#17
Jacob Brodsky, Karampreet Kaur, Talia Shoshany, Sophie Lipson, Guangwei Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Migraine variant disorders of childhood include benign paroxysmal torticollis of infancy (BPTI) and benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (BPVC). This study aimed to review our experience with BPTI and BPVC and determine the incidence of children transitioning between each of these disorders and to vestibular migraine (VM). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients seen at the Balance and Vestibular Program at Boston Children's Hospital between January 2012 and December 2016 who were diagnosed with BPTI, BPVC, and/or VM...
March 30, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656927/pontocerebellar-hypoplasia-type-1-for-the-neuropediatrician-genotype-phenotype-correlations-and-diagnostic-guidelines-based-on-new-cases-and-overview-of-the-literature
#18
I Ivanov, D Atkinson, I Litvinenko, L Angelova, S Andonova, H Mumdjiev, I Pacheva, M Panova, R Yordanova, V Belovejdov, A Petrova, M Bosheva, T Shmilev, A Savov, A Jordanova
Pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1 (PCH1) is a major cause of non-5q spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). We screened 128 SMN1-negative SMA patients from Bulgaria for a frequent mutation -p.G31A in EXOSC3, and performed a literature review of all genetically verified PCH1 cases. Homozygous p.G31A/EXOSC3 mutation was identified in 14 Roma patients, representing three fourths of all our SMN1-negative Roma SMA cases. The phenotype of the p.G31A/EXOSC3 homozygotes was compared to the clinical presentation of all reported to date genetically verified PCH1 cases...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655975/vestibular-and-balance-function-is-often-impaired-in-children-with-profound-unilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#19
Meirav Sokolov, Karen A Gordon, Melissa Polonenko, Susan I Blaser, Blake C Papsin, Sharon L Cushing
RATIONALE: Children with unilateral deafness could have concurrent vestibular dysfunction which would be associated with balance deficits and potentially impair overall development. The prevalence of vestibular and balance deficits remains to be defined in these children. METHODS: Twenty children with unilateral deafness underwent comprehensive vestibular and balance evaluation. RESULTS: Retrospective review revealed that more than half of the cohort demonstrated some abnormality of the vestibular end organs (otoliths and horizontal canal), with the prevalence of end organ specific dysfunction ranging from 17 to 48% depending on organ tested and method used...
April 3, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655940/audio-visual-speech-processing-in-age-related-hearing-loss-stronger-integration-and-increased-frontal-lobe-recruitment
#20
Stephanie Rosemann, Christiane M Thiel
Hearing loss is associated with difficulties in understanding speech, especially under adverse listening conditions. In these situations, seeing the speaker improves speech intelligibility in hearing-impaired participants. On the neuronal level, previous research has shown cross-modal plastic reorganization in the auditory cortex following hearing loss leading to altered processing of auditory, visual and audio-visual information. However, how reduced auditory input effects audio-visual speech perception in hearing-impaired subjects is largely unknown...
April 12, 2018: NeuroImage
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