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Nasal septum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716177/septal-extension-graft-in-closed-revision-rhinoplasty-a-simplified-technique
#1
Alberto Scattolin, Pier-Francesco Galzignato, Fabrizio Longari, Luca D'Ascanio
BACKGROUND: The septal extension graft (SEG) is widely used in secondary rhinoplasty for correction of a short nose with loss of tip support and projection, columellar retraction, and hyper-rotated tip secondary to an overresection of the caudal septum. Although SEG precise fixation can be relatively easy in the external approach, the difficulties of SEG placement in "closed" rhinoplasty can be discouraging. OBJECTIVE: To describe an easy surgical technique for SEG placement in endonasal revision rhinoplasty and to analyze the aesthetic results of the procedure...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716173/central-compartment-atopic-disease
#2
John M DelGaudio, Patricia A Loftus, Aneeza W Hamizan, Richard J Harvey, Sarah K Wise
BACKGROUND: Isolated polypoid changes of the middle turbinate were recently reported as having a high association with inhalant allergy. A more advanced manifestation of this association may present as polypoid changes of the entire central sinonasal compartment (i.e., the middle and superior turbinates, and the posterosuperior nasal septum), while the lateral sinus mucosa remains relatively normal. OBJECTIVE: To introduce and describe this newly recognized variant of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), termed central compartment atopic disease (CCAD)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714226/extranasopharyngeal-angiofibroma-revisited
#3
Jochen P Windfuhr, Julia Vent
BACKGROUND: Angiofibromas in the head and neck region usually arise in the nasopharynx, but may also occur elsewhere. This study aims at evaluating the incidence and clinical features of extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma (ENA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic review of the literature (Medline(®) and Google(™) ) up to December 31(st) , 2015. RESULTS: 174 cases of ENA were retrieved from a total of 170 publications. In contrast to former publications and previous understanding, the nasal septum was by far the most common site of the disease...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708642/a-novel-rhinoplasty-sculpture-technique-using-ancient-chinese-architectural-technology
#4
Melia Bogari, Andy Tan, Li Lin, Zin Mar Aung, Yu Xin, Haisong Xu, Gang Chai, Yan Zhang
Rhinoplasty is one of the most delicate procedures in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Precision in every millimeter is vital in ensuring a better quality of surgical outcome. Many methods have been developed to fulfill this requirement. One such method is an implant, whether autogenous or artificial. Artificial implants involve several surgical complications, such as recipient rejection of implant material, infections, and rigid feel of the nasal tip. Hence, autogenous implants were eventually more widely applied, with material being obtained from the septum, concha, or rib cartilages...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691469/nasal-reconstruction-our-experience
#5
A Baj, A Russillo, E Segna, M Romano, A Bolzoni, F J Silvestre, A B Giannì, G A Beltramini
The nose is a critically important aesthetic and functional portion of the face. We can explore nasal defects following trauma or tumor resections. Reconstructive techniques based on primary closure, skin graft, local flap, regional flap and microvascular free tissue transfer provides an algorithmic framework applicable to any reconstructive problem. From 2010 to 2016, 33 patients were treated with nasal reconstruction. Malignant tumor resection was the main cause of nasal defect. The most common tumor resected was BCC (basal cell carcinoma) followed by SCC (squamous cell carcinoma)...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685311/comparing-nasal-packing-with-trans-septal-suturing-following-septoplasty-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Mohammadhossein Dadgarnia, Mojtaba Meybodian, Akbar Karbasi, Mohammadhossein Baradaranfar, Saeid Atighechi, Vahid Zand, Sedighe Vaziribozorg
It has been shown that nasal packing after septoplasty is associated with several complications. Our aim was to compare post-septoplasty nasal packing and trans-septal suturing, in terms of complications and outcome of operation. This randomized clinical trial was performed on patients with deviated nasal septum who were candidates for septoplasty. Patients were visited three times after operation (on the first 48 h, first week, and third post-operative month). Participants were checked for having common complications...
July 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680499/a-comparative-study-between-universal-eclectic-septoplasty-technique-and-cottle
#7
Odim Ferreira do Amaral Neto, Flavio Massao Mizoguchi, Renato da Silva Freitas, João Jairney Maniglia, Fábio Fabrício Maniglia, Ricardo Fabrício Maniglia
Introduction  Since the last century surgical correction of nasal septum deviation has been improved. The Universal Eclectic Technique was recently reported and there are still few studies dedicated to address this surgical approach. Objective  The objective of this study is to compare the results of septal deviation correction achieved using the Universal Eclectic Technique (UET) with those obtained through Cottle's Technique. Methods  This is a prospective study with two consecutive case series totaling 90 patients (40 women and 50 men), aged between 18 and 55 years...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675493/quantitation-of-nasal-development-in-the-early-prenatal-period-using-geometric-morphometrics-and-mri-a-new-insight-into-the-critical-period-of-binder-phenotype
#8
Motoki Katsube, Shigehito Yamada, Reina Miyazaki, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Haruyuki Makishima, Tetsuya Takakuwa, Akira Yamamoto, Yosuke Fujii, Naoki Morimoto, Tsuyoshi Ito, Hirohiko Imai, Shigehiko Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: Disturbance of the development of the nasal septum in the early prenatal period causes congenital facial anomalies characterized by a flat nose and defects of the anterior nasal spine (ANS), such as Binder phenotype. The present research aimed to assess the development of the nasal septum and the ANS with growth in the early prenatal period. METHODS: Magnetic resonance images were obtained from 56 specimens. Mid-sagittal images were analyzed using geometric morphometrics for the development of the nasal septum, and angle analysis was performed for the development of the ANS...
July 4, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673725/traction-suture-modification-to-tongue-in-groove-caudal-septoplasty
#9
Y A Indeyeva, T S Lee, E Gordin, D Chan, Y Ducic
Caudal septal deviation leads to unfavorable esthetic as well as functional effects on the nasal airway. A modification to the tongue-in-groove (TIG) technique to correct these caudal septal deformities is described. With placement of a temporary suspension suture to the caudal septum, manual traction is applied, assuring that the caudal septum remains in the midline position while it is being secured with multiple through-and-through, trans-columellar and trans-septal sutures. From 2003 to 2016, 148 patients underwent endonasal septoplasty using this modified technique, with excellent functional and cosmetic outcomes and a revision rate of 1...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665856/nasal-septal-deformity-in-relation-to-the-mode-of-delivery
#10
Sami Alharethy, Mariam Al-Amro, Samiah Al-Angari
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to find the relation between mode of delivery and the types of septal deviation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of patients treated for a deviated nasal septum from March 2003 to October 2015 were reviewed. Those with previous facial trauma were excluded. Information retrieved included basic demographic data, mode of delivery, sibling birthing order, type and date of surgery, and postoperational outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 130 records were recovered...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639070/osseous-cartilaginous-spreader-graft-and-nasal-framework-reconstruction
#11
Safvet Ors
Revision rhinoplasties and saddle nose deformities usually require grafting for reconstruction. Between January 1, 2000, and January 1, 2017, autologous rib grafts were used in 127 secondary and tertiary rhinoplasty patients [(57/127 females) and (70/127 males)]. Osseous-cartilaginous rib grafts (OCRGs) were divided into three parts (i.e., 1/3 upper peripheral, 1/3 central, and 1/3 lower peripheral). The harvested OCRGs were also shaped as vertical strips using a number 11 scalpel blade. These OCRGs were shaped to form the L-strut cartilaginous graft (LSCGs), osseous-cartilaginous spreader grafts (OCSGs), osseous-cartilaginous onlay grafts, nasal valve grafts (NVGs), and lower lateral cartilaginous grafts (LLCGs)...
June 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631675/-the-morphological-and-clinical-aspects-of-the-curvature-of-the-nasal-septum
#12
V N Krasnozhen, D A Shcherbakov, A V Volodeev, L A Musina, Yu A Garskova
The curvature of the nasal septum (NS) is one of the most widespread deformations of the facial skeleton. The objective of the present study was to substantiate the principles of and develop the rationale for the surgical correction and conservative treatment of this condition based on the morphological features of various types of deflection of the nasal septum. We have undertaken the morphological analysis of the osseous and cartilaginous structures determining the type and the shape of the curvature of the nasal septum together with the clinical analysis of different morphological variants of the deflection of the nasal septum making use of the R...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627345/-effects-of-microrna-21-inhibitor-on-apoptosis-of-type-ii-alveolar-epithelial-cells-in-rats-with-hyperoxia-induced-acute-lung-injury
#13
Lei Shi, Ying He, Bing Bai, Miao Chen
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of microRNA-21 (miR-21) inhibitor on apoptosis of type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEC II) in rats with hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury (HALI). METHODS: Eighty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into air-control group, hyperoxia injury group, empty-virus control group (200 μL solution with lentivirus was dropped into the nasal) and miR-21 inhibitor pretreatment group (200 μL solution with lentivirus contained miR-21 inhibitor was dropped through the nasal) by random number table...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623043/nasal-airway-evaluation-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-patients-volumetric-tomography-and-endoscopic-findings
#14
M M Rodrigues, M F R Gabrielli, O A Garcia Junior, V A Pereira Filho, L A Passeri
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) results from the recurrent collapse of the upper airway during sleep. Nasal abnormalities influence the stability of the pharynx. The aim of this study was to evaluate the volumetric and anatomical changes of the nasal cavity in patients with OSA. The Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale was used to grade nasal obstruction. Sleep-related breathing disorders were evaluated by polysomnography. The nasal airway volume was obtained from computed tomography scans through volumetric reconstruction of the nasal airway...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603805/stress-and-displacement-patterns-in-the-craniofacial-skeleton-with-rapid-maxillary-expansion-a-finite-element-method-study
#15
J Priyadarshini, C M Mahesh, B S Chandrashekar, Abhishek Sundara, A V Arun, Vinay P Reddy
BACKGROUND: Rapid maxillary expansion (RME), indicated in the treatment of maxillary deficiency directs high forces to maxillary basal bone and to other adjacent skeletal bones. The aim of this study is to (i) evaluate stress distribution along craniofacial sutures and (ii) study the displacement of various craniofacial structures with rapid maxillary expansion therapy by using a Finite Element model. METHODS: An analytical model was developed from a dried human skull of a 12 year old male...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602068/radiographic-changes-of-the-nasal-septal-body-among-patients-with-sinonasal-diseases
#16
January E Gelera, Devendra Ojar, Jae Hyun Lim, Jee Hye Wee, Jeong-Whun Kim, Chae-Seo Rhee
Objectives: This study aims to determine the anatomical changes occurring in the nasal septal body (NSB) among patients with sinonasal disease and compares the measurements obtained from patients without sinonasal disease. Methods: This was a retrospective study involving review of 405 (93 without and 212 with sinonasal disease) plain paranasal sinus computed tomography (PNS CT) on coronal view at a tertiary training hospital, which was done consecutively from January 2014 to December 2015...
June 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590397/normal-nasopharyngeal-measurement-by-computed-tomography-in-adult
#17
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Atef Hamed Ali, Ismail Elnashar, Inas M Elfiki, Ayman F Ahmed, Ghada Abdulmonaem
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the detailed computed tomography (CT) measurement of the nasopharynx (NP) in normal adult detecting mean of its dimension and relation of that measurement to that of the sphenoid sinus. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL: A normal paranasal CT scan and a straight nasal septum of 128 individuals (256 sphenoid sinuses) were included in the study. Axial images were acquired with multiplanar reformates to obtain delicate details in coronal and sagittal planes for all subjects...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589112/congenital-vomer-agenesis-report-of-two-cases
#18
Mehdi Bakhshaee, Sherwin Tavakol, Yeganeh Teimouri
INTRODUCTION: Congenital vomer agenesis is an extremely rare condition in which the vomer bone does not fully develop, which can lead to septal perforation. CASE REPORT: We report two cases with a defect in the vomer bone in the posteroinferior portion of the septum, found accidentally while performing a pre-operative CT scan for nasal obstruction evaluation. They were diagnosed with congenital vomer agenesis. CONCLUSION: There are afew reports of vomer agenesis in literatures...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584672/keratoacanthoma-of-the-nasal-septum-secondary-to-ranibizumab-use
#19
Jason E Cohn, Hilary M Caruso Sales, Giang Huong Nguyen, Harvey Spector, Kenneth Briskin
Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a benign epithelial tumor that typically presents as a firm, cone-shaped, flesh-colored nodule with a central horn-filled crater. KA is considered to be a low-grade variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We report a rare case of a 72-year-old male who presented with a KA involving the nasal septum, possibly related to ranibizumab use. A flesh-colored lesion on the right anterior nasal septum lesion was visualized on examination. Histologic examination revealed a well-circumscribed, dome-shaped central crater filled with keratin, well-differentiated squamous epithelium with ground-glass cytoplasm with pushing margins, and intraepithelial microabscesses establishing the diagnosis of KA...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576524/influence-of-nasal-septum-deformity-on-nasal-obstruction-disease-severity-and-medical-treatment-response-among-children-and-adolescents-with-persistent-allergic-rhinitis
#20
Franklin Mariño-Sánchez, Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Oliver Haag, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Lozano-Blasco, María T Giner-Muñoz, Ana M Plaza-Martin, Joaquim Mullol
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of different types of nasal septum deformity (NSD) on nasal obstruction, rhinitis severity and response to medical treatment among pediatric persistent allergic rhinitis (PER) patients. METHODS: In a prospective, real-life study, 150 children and adolescents (mean age 13 ± 2.8 years, females 32.6%) diagnosed with PER according to ARIA guidelines were assessed by nasal endoscopy for NSD according to Mladina's classification, their response to medical treatment (intranasal steroids and antihistamines or antileucotriens), the presence of comorbidities, rhinitis severity (modified-ARIA criterion) and nasal obstruction visual analog scale score (VAS)...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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