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Nasal septum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221913/facial-asymmetry-correction-with-moulded-helmet-therapy-in-infants-with-deformational-skull-base-plagiocephaly
#1
Matthias Kreutz, Brigitte Fitze, Christoph Blecher, Augello Marcello, Ruben Simon, Rebecca Cremer, Hans-Florian Zeilhofer, Christoph Kunz, Johannes Mayr
PURPOSE: The recommendation issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics in the early 1990s to position infants on their back during sleep to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has dramatically reduced the number of deaths due to SIDS but has also markedly increased the prevalence of positional skull deformation in infants. Deformation of the base of the skull occurs predominantly in very severe deformational plagiocephaly and is accompanied by facial asymmetry, as well as an altered ear position, called ear shift...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215446/nasal-septal-cavernous-hemangioma
#2
Ahmet Baki
Hemangiomas are benign tumors originating from the skin, mucosa, muscle, gland, and vascular tissue in the bone. Although it is common in the head and neck region, it is rarely seen in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Histologically capillary, cavernous, and mixed types are present, the most common is cavernous-type hemangioma. Cavernous hemangiomas in the nasal cavity, generally originated from the lateral nasal wall, cause symptoms as nasal obstruction and epistaxis. In the author's patient, cavernous hemangioma was originated from the nasal septum, where rarely seen...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204578/nasal-septum-suture-combined-with-inferior-turbinate-coblation-after-septoplasty-does-it-improve-quality-of-life-and-reduce-complications
#3
Hui Li, Min Wang, Yu-Xiao Wu, Szuchi Wang, Zhi-Min Xing
Objective: Nasal packing is routinely applied after septoplasty. Patients, however, report feeling very uncomfortable while the packing is in place. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of nasal septum suture combined with inferior turbinate coblation to the effects of nasal packing after septoplasty. Methods: In this study, 135 patients undergoing septoplasty were divided into 3 groups: group 1 patients had microdebrider with packing, group 2 received coblation with packing and group 3 had coblation with suture...
March 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204575/healing-of-the-nasal-septal-mucosa-in-an-experimental-rabbit-model-of-mucosal-injury
#4
Kyu Young Choi, Sung Woo Cho, Jun-Jae Choi, Yu-Lian Zhang, Dae Woo Kim, Doo Hee Han, Hyun Jik Kim, Dong-Young Kim, Chae-Seo Rhee, Tae-Bin Won
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the regeneration process of the nasal mucosa after a surgically created mucosal defect in the rabbit nasal septum, and to evaluate the effects of different interventions. Methods: A 7 mm-diameter circular mucosal defect was made in the septum of forty New Zealand white rabbits. The rabbits were divided into four groups (ten rabbits in each group) according to the type of intervention; no treatment (control), silastic sheet (SS), hyaluronic acid (HA), and silastic sheet and hyaluronic acid (SS + HA) group...
March 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201635/successful-use-of-guanfacine-in-a-patient-with-chronic-refractory-cough-a-case-report
#5
Gregory W Kirschen, Howard Kirschen, Edward Gabalski, Jonathan M Waxner, Agnes Wohl
Chronic idiopathic cough is a common and often frustrating complaint for patients as well as providers. When common etiologies of cough are ruled out and/or do not respond to usual treatments, neurogenic cough should be considered as a diagnosis of exclusion. Here, we report on a 58-year-old woman with an 8-year history of chronic, treatment-refractory cough of unknown etiology that we diagnosed as neurogenic cough and successfully treated with guanfacine monotherapy, with rapid and durable improvement in symptoms...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184841/evaluation-of-the-anesthetic-effect-of-nasal-mucosa-with-tetracaine-0-5-on-hemodynamic-changes-and-postoperative-pain-of-septoplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Hossein Madineh, Soroush Amani, Majid Kabiri, Behnam Karimi
The nasal septum repair surgery is the dangerous operations that any stimulation of this area causes a large change in the rhythm of the heartbeat and blood pressure. This study aimed to determine the effects of tetracaine 0.5% on changes in heartbeat and heart rhythm, hemodynamic changes during surgery, intraoperative bleeding, and pain after septoplasty surgery. The irregular double-blind clinical trial registry of clinical trials Iran with the code number (IRCT: 20150526625N8) in the first half of 2013 on 86 patients in Kashani hospital of Shahrekord...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175036/evaluation-of-postoperative-patient-satisfaction-after-covering-the-nasal-dorsum-with-upper-lateral-cartilage-upper-lateral-closing
#7
Can Alper Çağıcı
INTRODUCTION: Following nasal hump removal during septorhinoplasty, the middle vault should be reconstructed to avoid functional and esthetic problems. Middle vault reconstruction, however, may result in widening of the middle vault and may need a camouflage graft to cover dorsal irregularities. OBJECTIVE: To present the results of reconstructing the middle vault with a technique that covers the nasal dorsum with upper lateral cartilage, from the viewpoint of patient satisfaction...
November 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168109/a-case-of-glomangiopericytoma-at-the-nasal-septum
#8
Takashi Anzai, Tsuyoshi Saito, Sho Tsuyama, Miri Toh, Katsuhisa Ikeda, Shin Ito
Glomangiopericytoma (GPC) is a rare sinonasal perivascular tumor that accounts for < 0.5-1% of all sinonasal tumors. GPC is categorized as a low-grade neoplasm with borderline malignancy and a tendency of local recurrence. GPC is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterized by the perivascular proliferation of tumor cells, and it requires being distinguished from solitary fibrous tumors. Here, we report a case of GPC in a 68-year-old male patient who presented at the emergency room of our hospital with a complaint of sudden epistaxis...
November 22, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152442/combination-intensity-modulated-proton-therapy-and-passive-scatter-boost-for-rapidly-progressing-nasal-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Sweet Ping Ng, Ethan B Ludmir, Manuel A Oyervides, Richard Y Wu, Steve Frank, G Brandon Gunn
Cancers of the nasal cavity and septum are associated with poor prognosis and are usually treated with surgery followed by post-operative radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Definitive radiotherapy is used in cases where the tumor is unresectable, patient is unfit for surgery, and/or the patient declines surgical intervention. Here, we present a case of a patient, who for non-medical reasons, opted to have non-surgical management of his rapidly progressing nasal cavity tumor. He was successfully treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy utilizing a combination of intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) with passive scatter boost to reduce dose to the adjacent critical neural structures...
September 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141298/-thyroid-like-low-grade-papillary-adenocarcinoma-of-the-posterior-nasal-septum-one-case-report
#10
M C Li, J J Jiao, F X Liu, L L Gong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140906/nose-and-lips-graft-variants-a-subunit-anatomical-study
#11
Jérôme Duisit, Louis Maistriaux, Alexander Gerdom, Martial Vergauwen, Pierre Gianello, Catherine Behets, Benoît Lengelé
BACKGROUND: In the field of Vascularized Composite tissue Allotransplantation (VCA), the surgical design of facial subunit grafts is an evolving concept. The purpose of the present paper is to study the possibilities to divide the historical nose and lips face transplant into several morphological and functional subunit grafts, depending on their respective supply. METHODS: Our study was conducted in 20 adult cadavers. The facial artery and its branches were dissected bilaterally in 16 fresh and 4 embalmed heads...
November 11, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126760/nuances-in-component-nasal-hump-reduction
#12
Haneen Sadick, Julian M Rowe-Jones, Holger G Gassner
IMPORTANCE: Nasal hump reduction is a frequent manoeuvre in rhinoplasty. Over the last years, composite hump reduction has been advocated in favour of component hump reduction. The latter allows a more controlled and stepwise approach in reducing the nasal dorsum by deprojecting the cartilaginous dorsum separately from the bony dorsum. This approach also preserves the upper lateral cartilages (ULCs) and their mucosa. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the intricacies of the anatomic transition zone between the ULCs, the rhinion and the nasal bones as they pertain to component hump reduction...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124376/an-alternative-rhinoplasty-technique-rotational-spreader-flap-rabbit-flap
#13
Ali Ahmet Sirin, Ibrahim Erdim, Omer Erdur, Alperen Sirin
BACKGROUND: In modern rhinoplasty, septal cartilage is the most commonly used graft material. It is a big challenge if septal cartilage is insufficient. We present an alternative technique named the "rabbit flap," created from the cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage to show its effectiveness on nasolabial angle, nasal axis deviation, and nasal dorsal line. METHODS: An alternative flap, called a "rabbit flap," is constituted from the cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage (LLC)...
November 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122676/a-six-gene-expression-toolbox-for-the-glands-epithelium-and-chondrocytes-in-the-mouse-nasal-cavity
#14
Yong Wan, Matthew B Rogers, Heather L Szabo-Rogers
The nose is the central feature of the amniote face. In adults, the nose is a structurally and functionally complex organ that consists of bone, cartilage, glands and ducts. In an ongoing expression screen in our lab, we found several novel markers for specific tissues in the nasal region. Here, using in situ hybridization expression experiments, we report that Alx1, Ap-2β, Crispld1, Eya4, Moxd1, and Penk have tissue specific expression during murine nasal development. At E11.5, we observed that Alx1, Ap-2β, Crispld1, and Eya4 are expressed in the medial and lateral nasal prominences...
November 6, 2017: Gene Expression Patterns: GEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121376/effects-of-septoplasty-on-olfactory-function-evaluated-by-the-brief-smell-identification-test-a-study-of-116-patients
#15
Süheyl Haytoğlu, Ramazan Dengiz, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Gökhan Kuran, Osman Kursat Arikan
We conducted a prospective study of 116 patients-61 men and 55 women, aged 17 to 64 years (mean: 26.4)-to investigate the effects of septoplasty on olfactory function in patients with septal deviation (SD). The Mladina classification system was used to define SD types, and olfactory function was assessed with the Brief Smell Identification test (BSIT). The BSIT, which includes 12 odorants, was administered preoperatively and at postoperative months 1 and 3. The most common SD types were types 2 (20.7% of patients) and 1 (19...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121371/nasal-septum-granuloma-gravidarum
#16
Daniel Thomas Ginat, Charles J Schatz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119669/sinusitis-caused-by-exserohilum-rostratum-after-cord-blood-transplantation-for-myelodysplastic-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Sumiko Kohashi, Takaaki Toyama, Norisato Hashimoto, Masatoshi Sakurai, Jun Kato, Taku Kikuchi, Yuya Koda, Kayoko Sugita, Naoki Hasegawa, Kyoko Yarita, Katsuhiko Kamei, Shinichiro Okamoto, Takehiko Mori
Invasive fungal disease is a serious infectious complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Exserohilum rostratum is a species causing phaeohyphomycosis, which rarely causes invasive disease in humans. We treated a case of sinusitis caused by E. rostratum after cord blood transplantation (CBT). A 60-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome, who had a medical history of an operation to correct deviation of the nasal septum, developed sinusitis caused by E. rostratum under prolonged profound neutropenia after a second CBT because of the graft rejection of the first transplantation...
November 8, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114890/total-septal-perforation-repair-with-a-pericranial-flap-radio-anatomical-and-clinical-findings
#18
Isam Alobid, Cristóbal Langdon, Mauricio López-Chacon, Joaquim Enseñat, Ricardo Carrau, Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, Alfonso Santamaría
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Endonasal surgeries are the primary cause of septal perforation (SP). However, trauma, inflammation, infections, neoplasms, or abuse of inhaled drugs can also cause SP. Septal repair is indicated in patients who experience nasal obstruction, crusting, intermittent epistaxis, purulent discharge, or nasal whistling and in those who fail conservative treatment. Multiple approaches have been suggested to repair the SP; however, none has been universally adopted. This study explores the feasibility of repairing a total SP using the pericranial flap (PCF)...
November 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072665/-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-associated-with-the-cytoplasmic-antineutrophil-antibodies
#19
A I Kryukov, G P Bondareva, O M Kurbacheva, V A Utesheva
The objective of the present work was to analyze the clinical case of granulomatosis with polyangiitis associated with the presence of cytoplasmic antineutrophil antibodies. We considered the medical records of the patient presenting with this condition. It was shown that systemic vasculitis had a polymorphic clinical picture; its diagnostics and treatment encountered serious difficulties. It is concluded that the development of progressive perforation of the nasal septum and destructive changes in the intranasal and adjacent structures after the endonasal surgical intervention implies the necessity of the detailed analysis of the clinical and laboratory observations with the subsequent counselling by a rheumatologist and oncologist for the clarification of the diagnosis and the choice of adequate therapy...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067213/assessment-of-clinical-application-of-pulse-oximetry-probes-in-llamas-and-alpacas
#20
Tamara L Grubb, David E Anderson
The placement and accuracy of pulse oximeter probes can vary markedly among species. For our study, we aimed to assess the accuracy of pulse oximetry and to determine the most clinically useful sites for probe placement in llamas and alpacas. The objectives included an analysis of pulse oximetry probes for accurate assessment of llamas and alpacas and to determine the best placement of the probes to achieve accurate readings. For study 1, saturation of haemoglobin with oxygen was measured in 184 arterial blood gas samples (SaO2) using a co-oximeter and compared to saturation of haemoglobin with oxygen simultaneously measured using a pulse oximeter (SpO2)...
August 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
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