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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786454/serum-cystatin-c-as-an-early-predictor-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-preterm-neonates-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#1
Tarek Mohey El-Gammacy, Dina Mohamed Shinkar, Noha Refaat Mohamed, Amany Rasmy Al-Halag
Preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) are at increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). Our study aimed at determining whether serum cystatin C (sCysC) on day 3 of life (D3) can early predict AKI in preterm neonates with RDS. This prospective study was conducted on 75 preterm neonates; 50 with RDS and 25 without RDS. On D3, sCysC, serum creatinine (sCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were measured and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated. sCr and BUN levels were measured again on days 5 and 7...
May 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786044/prognostic-value-of-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-incorporating-with-serum-sodium-score-for-development-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-liver-transplantation
#2
Yuan Cheng, Guo-Qing Wei, Qiu-Cheng Cai, Yi Jiang, Ai-Ping Wu
Background: Contribution of model for end-stage liver disease incorporating with serum sodium (MELD-Na) score in predicting acute kidney injury (AKI) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is yet to be identified. This study assessed the prognostic value of MELD-Na score for the development of AKI following OLT. Methods: Preoperative and surgery-related variables of 321 adult end-stage liver disease patients who underwent OLT in Fuzhou General Hospital were collected...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785914/fermented-camel-milk-prevents-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-injury-in-kidney-of-mice
#3
Houda Hamed, Manel Gargouri, Salha Boulila, Fatma Chaari, Ferdaws Ghrab, Rim Kallel, Zied Ghannoudi, Tahia Boudawara, Semia Chaabouni, Abdelfattah El Feki, Ahmed Gargouri
Fermented milk is known to possess potent antioxidant activity. The present study was undertaken to assess the preventive effect of fermented camel milk (FCM) prepared using lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris against CCl4 induced kidney damage in mice. Nephrotoxicity was induced in mice by a single dose of CCl4 (10 ml/kg 0·3% olive oil, ip). Female mice were pretreated daily with FCM for 15 d. Renal damage was associated with an increase in oxidative stress parameters (lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl and changes in antioxidant enzyme activities and non-enzymatic antioxidant) and nephropathology markers...
May 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785539/the-effect-of-spironolactone-on-the-incidence-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-catheterization-study-design-and-rationale
#4
Alhasan Mujtaba, Mohammed A Taher, Mazin A Hazza, Hassan M Al-Rubaye, Asaad H Kata, Hamid AbdulWahab, AbdulAmeer AbdulBari, Hayder K AlRubay
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary catheterization are at high risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) acute kidney injury (AKI). Several approaches have been supposed to limit such an effect but with mixed results or non-practical methods. Spironolactone is supposed to be effective as a nephroprotective agent in animal studies. This study will try to measure the effect of spironolactone on the incidence of CIN-AKI in patients undergoing coronary catheterization (angiography angioplasty)...
May 21, 2018: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784944/value-of-urinary-kim-1-and-ngal-combined-with-serum-cys-c-for-predicting-acute-kidney-injury-secondary-to-decompensated-cirrhosis
#5
Lei Lei, Liang Ping Li, Zhen Zeng, Jing Xi Mu, Xue Yang, Chao Zhou, Zhi Lan Wang, Hu Zhang
Urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and serum cystatin C (Cys C) are biomarkers of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the efficacy of combining these indices to diagnose decompensated cirrhosis is unknown. This study involved 150 patients divided into AKI and non-AKI, and healthy individuals. Urinary KIM-1 and NGAL, serum Cys and creatine, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were compared based on Child-Pugh liver function class. Urinary KIM-1 and NGAL concentrations and serum Cys C levels were significantly higher in patients with AKI secondary to decompensated cirrhosis than in those with AKI not secondary to decompensated cirrhosis (p < 0...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784613/cryoglobulinemic-glomerulonephritis-associated-with-nodal-and-renal-infiltration-by-t-cell-lymphoma-of-t-follicular-helper-phenotype-a-case-report
#6
Jennifer Li, Marille Umakanathan, Chow Heok P'ng, Winny Varikatt, Fiona Kwok, Ming-Wei Lin, Mirna Vucak-Dzumhur
We present a unique case of cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis associated with nodal and renal infiltration by T-cell lymphoma of T-follicular helper phenotype. The patient presented with transient neurologic symptoms, severe nephritic syndrome with nephrotic-range proteinuria, and acute kidney injury. He had elevated double-stranded DNA levels, low complement levels, detectable cryoglobulin, and detectable immunoglobulin M (IgM) paraprotein. The kidney biopsy showed cryoglobulinemic glomerulonephritis with a membranoproliferative pattern and diffuse interstitial infiltrates on light microscopy; IgM, C3 but weak IgG, C1q, and negative C4d staining on immunofluorescence; and deposits with organized substructures on electron microscopy...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784568/assessment-of-failure-to-rescue-after-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-using-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-procedure-targeted-data-set
#7
Hanaa Dakour-Aridi, Nawar Z Paracha, Satinderjit Locham, Besma Nejim, Mahmoud B Malas
OBJECTIVE: Open aortic repair (OAR) is associated with higher risk of mortality compared with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The aim of this study was to compare failure to rescue (FTR) after major predischarge complications in patients undergoing OAR and EVAR. METHODS: Patients who underwent OAR or EVAR in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program between 2011 and 2015 were selected. Patients with ruptured aneurysm and those with type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysms were excluded...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784554/renal-stress-and-kidney-injury-biomarkers-in-response-to-endurance-cycling-in-the-heat-with-and-without-ibuprofen
#8
Brendon P McDermott, Cody R Smith, Cory L Butts, Aaron R Caldwell, Elaine C Lee, Jakob L Vingren, Colleen X Munoz, Laura J Kunces, Keith Williamson, Matthew S Ganio, Lawrence E Armstrong
Exercise, especially in the heat, can contribute to acute kidney injury, which can expedite chronic kidney disease onset. The additional stress of ibuprofen use is hypothesized to increase renal stress. OBJECTIVES: To observe the effects of endurance cycling in the heat on renal function. Secondarily, we investigated the effect of ibuprofen ingestion on kidney stress. DESIGN: Randomized, placebo controlled and observational methods were utilized. METHODS: Forty cyclists (52±9y, 21...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784038/chronic-traumatic-ankle-and-foot-osteomyelitis-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#9
Maryam Hosseini, Mostafa Allami, Mohammadreza Soroush, Fateme Babaha, Javad Minooeefar, Davood Rahimpoor
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis (OM) is an atypical consequence of ankle-foot trauma which is associated with long-term mental and physical morbidity and persistent pain. This study aimed to assess the health status of OM patients with war-related ankle-foot injuries. METHODS: A total of 1129 veterans with ankle-foot injuries participated in a case-control study (2014-2016). Thirty patients with chronic OM of the ankle-foot were compared with 90 non-OM participants as the control group...
May 15, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784023/delayed-presentation-of-severe-rhabdomyolysis-leading-to-acute-kidney-injury-following-atorvastatin-gemfibrozil-combination-therapy-a-case-report
#10
Chamara Dalugama, Manoji Pathirage, S A M Kularatne
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a rare but serious complication of lipid-lowering therapy. Statin and fibrate combination increases the risk of rhabdomyolysis possibly by pharmacodynamic interactions. Advanced age, diabetes, hypothyroidism, polypharmacy, and renal impairment are known to increase the risk of rhabdomyolysis. Management strategies include fluid resuscitation and urine alkalinization. Renal indications such as refractory hyperkalemia, acidosis, fluid overload, or uremic complications mandate renal replacement therapy in rhabdomyolysis...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783819/-value-of-urine-soluble-triggering-receptor-expressed-on-myeloid-cells-1-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-sepsis-associated-acute-kidney-injury
#11
Z K Yuan, F Fang, C J Liu, J Li, Y F Chen, F Xu
Objective: To assess the value of urine soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1(sTREM-1) in early diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis associated acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: This was a case-control study. A total of 62 patients with sepsis during November 2016 to June 2017 were collected, who were divided into non-AKI sepsis ( n= 49) and AKI sepsis ( n= 13) groups according to the serum creatinine (SCr) or urine output, sepsis with shock ( n= 22) and sepsis without shock ( n= 40) groups according to the presence of shock, survival ( n= 47) and death ( n= 15) groups according to the mortality...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783818/-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-combined-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-failure
#12
Y P Zhou, J Y Shi, F Wang, Y Cui, T T Xu, C X Wang, Y C Zhang
Objective: To explore the effectiveness and safety of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) combined with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) on rescuing pediatric patients with cardiopulmonary failure. Methods: The medical records of patients treated with ECMO admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in Shanghai Children's Hospital from December 2015 to November 2017 were retrospectively extracted. There were 14 patients treated with ECMO combined with CRRT (ECMO+ CRRT group) due to acute kidney injury (AKI) or fluid overload, while 11 cases treated with ECMO only...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782819/analytical-performance-of-an-immunoassay-to-measure-proenkephalin
#13
Leslie J Donato, Jeffrey W Meeusen, John C Lieske, Deborah Bergmann, Andrea Sparwaßer, Allan S Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Endogenous opioids, enkephalins, are known to increase with acute kidney injury. Since the mature pentapeptides are unstable, we evaluated the performance of an assay that measures proenkephalin 119-159 (PENK), a stable peptide formed concomitantly with mature enkephalins. METHODS: PENK assay performance was evaluated on two microtiterplate/chemiluminescence sandwich immunoassay formats that required 18 or 1 h incubation times. PENK concentration was measured in plasma from healthy individuals to establish a reference interval and in patients with varied levels of kidney function and comorbidities to assess the association with measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) using iothalamate clearance...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782286/-ngal-as-a-marker-for-some-extrarenal-complications-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#14
M A Shalenkova, Z D Mikhailova, P F Klimkin
AIM: To study the role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as a marker for extrarenal complications in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 110 patients with ACS on days 1-3 of hospitalization, concentrations of NGAL, serum (s-NGAL) and urinary (u-NGAL) NGAL, and N-terminal fragment of pro-B natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured, and transthoracic echocardiography was performed. Incidence of cardiovascular complications was determined during the stay in the hospital; hemodynamic parameters (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate) were measured on admission...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782191/lipid-protein-and-microrna-composition-within-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-exosomes
#15
Hao Deng, Chun Sun, Yingxin Sun, Huhu Li, Lin Yang, Danbin Wu, Qing Gao, Xijuan Jiang
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were regarded as one of the most promising type of seed cells in tissue engineering due to its easy accessibility and multipotent feature of being able to differentiate into adipocyte, osteoblast, cardiomyocytes, and neurons. For years, MSCs have been applied in treating cardiovascular disease, reconstructing kidney injury, and remodeling immune system with remarkable achievements. Basic researches revealed that its clinic effects are not only due to their pluripotent ability but also through their paracrine function that they synthesize and secrete a broad spectrum of growth factors and cytokines...
May 21, 2018: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781318/hypochlorite-modified-albumins-promote-cell-death-in-the-tubule-interstitium-in-rats-via-mitochondrial-damage-in-obstructive-nephropathy-and-the-protective-effects-of-antioxidant-peptides
#16
Zong-Rui Liu, Si-Qi Chen, Yao-Wei Zou, Xiao-Yu Wu, Hong-Ying Li, Xiao-Qiao Wang, Yue Shi, Hong-Xin Niu
A major feature of the injury sustained by the kidney during obstructive nephropathy is a profound induction of apoptosis in the tubular epithelium. In this study, we explored the central roles of mitochondria and the mechanism of the protective effect of the mitochondrial targeted peptides in tubular cell apoptosis and interstitial fibrosis during obstructive nephropathy. Unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO) was performed on rats, and the animals were randomly assigned to intravenous treatment with normal saline, rat serum albumin (RSA), or HOCl-rat serum albumin (HOCl-RSA) in the presence or absence of SS-31...
May 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780817/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-hemodialysis-two-years-experience-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-rwanda
#17
Grace Igiraneza, Benedicte Ndayishimiye, Menelas Nkeshimana, Vincent Dusabejambo, Onyema Ogbuagu
Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy is associated with high mortality. The study assessed the impact of the introduction of hemodialysis (HD) on outcomes of patients with AKI in Rwanda. Methods: A single center retrospective study that evaluated the clinical profile and survival outcomes of patients with AKI requiring HD [AKI-D] at a tertiary hospital in Rwanda. Data was collected on patients who received HD for AKI from September 2014 to December 2016...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780596/value-of-routine-stool-testing-for-pathogenic-bacteria-in-the-evaluation-of-symptomatic-patients-with-ileal-pouches
#18
Amandeep Singh, Jean Ashburn, Gursimran Kochhar, Rocio Lopez, Tracy L Hull, Bo Shen
Background: In symptomatic patients with an ileal pouch, stool studies are often sent to diagnose enteric pathogens. Aim of this study is to find the value of routine stool studies in the evaluation of symptomatic patients and the clinical implications of such pathogens in patients with ileal pouches. Methods: Consecutive ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) patients who had stool tests out of a 2283-case registry from 2002 to 2015 were included in the study. Patients with positive stool cultures were compared with controls (symptomatic without positive stool culture) in a 1:4 ratio...
May 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780587/development-of-a-vancomycin-dosing-approach-for-critically-ill-patients-receiving-hybrid-hemodialysis-using-monte-carlo-simulation
#19
Susan J Lewis, Bruce A Mueller
Objectives: Prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy is an increasingly popular treatment for acute kidney injury in critically ill patients that runs at different flow rates and durations than conventional hemodialysis or continuous renal replacement therapies. Pharmacokinetic studies conducted in patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy are scarce; consequently, clinicians are challenged to dose antibiotics effectively. The purpose of this study was to develop vancomycin dosing recommendations for patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779708/imaging-mass-spectrometry-reveals-direct-albumin-fragmentation-within-the-diabetic-kidney
#20
Kerri J Grove, Nichole M Lareau, Paul A Voziyan, Fenghua Zeng, Raymond C Harris, Billy G Hudson, Richard M Caprioli
Albumin degradation in the renal tubules is impaired in diabetic nephropathy such that levels of the resulting albumin fragments increase with the degree of renal injury. However, the mechanism of albumin degradation is unknown. In particular, fragmentation of the endogenous native albumin has not been demonstrated in the kidney and the enzymes that may contribute to fragmentation have not been identified. To explore this we utilized matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry for molecular profiling of specific renal regions without disturbing distinct tissue morphology...
May 17, 2018: Kidney International
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