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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101373/optimizing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-with-postpartum-contraception-impact-on-breastfeeding-and-birth-spacing
#1
REVIEW
Aparna Sridhar, Jennifer Salcedo
Postpartum contraception is important to prevent unintended pregnancies. Assisting women in achieving recommended inter-pregnancy intervals is a significant maternal-child health concern. Short inter-pregnancy intervals are associated with negative perinatal, neonatal, infant, and maternal health outcomes. More than 30% of women experience inter-pregnancy intervals of less than 18 months in the United States. Provision of any contraceptive method after giving birth is associated with improved inter-pregnancy intervals...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100327/-intermittent-convulsions-for-1-5-years-and-psychomotor-retardation-in-a-girl
#2
Li Yang, Yu-Fen Li, Li-Yun Xu, Na Xu, Yu-Zeng Han, Jun-Lin Wang, Ji-Guo Song, Ying Hua, Li-Ping Zhu
The study reports a girl with pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy. The girl was admitted at the age of 2 years because of intermittent convulsions for 1.5 years and psychomotor retardation. She had a history of "hypoxia" in the neonatal period. At the age of 5 months recurrent epileptic seizures occurred. The child was resistant to antiepileptic drugs, and had many more seizures when she got cold or fever. She also had a lot of convulsive status epilepticus. No discharges were found during several video-EEG monitorings...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097854/-citrullinemia-type-i-with-recurrent-liver-failure-in-a-child
#3
Verónica Bindi, Hernán Eiroa
Citrullinemia type I is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutation of the gene expressing ASS1 argininosuccinate synthetase, limiting enzyme of the urea cycle. The classic variants are associated with neonatal/infantile forms that cause hyperammonemia leading to death if treatment is not established. Initial symptoms of disorders of the urea cycle include neurological impairment with mild or moderate liver damage. We report a case of recurrent liver failure in an infant diagnosed with type I citrullinemia without severe neurological involvement that was referred to our center for liver transplantation...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095802/a-case-control-study-investigating-factors-associated-with-high-infant-death-in-saiha-district-of-mizoram-india-bordering-myanmar
#4
Alok K Deb, Shanta Dutta, Chhaihlo Hnichho, Mary Vanlalpeki, Hli Thapi Phosa, Khaila Rakhu, Samuel Lalfakawma Fanai, Manoj Chakrabarti, Samiran Panda
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality has dropped considerably in India over the last 5 years. A sharp contrast to this decline in national average of infant mortality is the rate recorded during 2014-2015 from the southernmost district of Saiha, Mizoram having a common international border with Myanmar. As this district specific rate (113 per 1000 live births) is 3 times higher compared to the national and state average, the present investigation was carried out to identify associated factors...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095295/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-corrects-osteopetrosis-in-a-child-carrying-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-the-fermt3-gene
#5
Eleonora Palagano, Mary A Slatter, Paolo Uva, Ciro Menale, Anna Villa, Mario Abinun, Cristina Sobacchi
Osteopetrosis (OPT) is a rare skeletal disorder with phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity: a variety of clinical features besides the bony defect may be present, and at least ten different genes are known to be involved in the disease pathogenesis. In the framework of this heterogeneity, we report the clinical description of a neonate, first child of consanguineous parents, who had osteoclast-rich osteopetrosis and bone marrow failure in early life, but no other usual classical features of infantile malignant OPT, such as visual or hearing impairments...
January 14, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089975/in-vitro-fertilization-in-37-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-or-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-series-of-97-procedures
#6
Pauline Orquevaux, Agathe Masseau, Véronique Le Guern, Vanessa Gayet, Danièle Vauthier, Gaelle Guettrot-Imbert, Du Le Thi Huong, Bertrand Wechsler, Nathalie Morel, Patrice Cacoub, Jean-Loup Pennaforte, Jean-Charles Piette, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau
OBJECTIVE: To compile and assess data about complication and success rates for in vitro fertilization (IVF) of women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and/or antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). To date, such data are sparse. METHODS: This retrospective study described women with SLE and/or APS who have had at least 1 IVF cycle. RESULTS: Thirty-seven women with SLE (n = 23, including 8 with antiphospholipid antibodies), SLE with APS (n = 4), or primary APS (n = 10) underwent 97 IVF procedures...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088673/relationship-between-neonatal-gastroschisis-and-maternal-body-mass-index-in-a-united-kingdom-population
#7
Joann Hale, Abigail Derbyshire, Alexander Taylor, Clive Osmond, Diana Wellesley, David T Howe
OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that gastroschisis is associated with low maternal body mass index (BMI). We tested this hypothesis in the UK. STUDY DESIGN: We studied cases of gastroschisis ascertained from the regional fetal congenital anomaly register. We compared each affected mother with two controls from the birth register and maternity database. The first control was the next mother to deliver in the hospital, representing the normal population of mothers...
December 15, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079875/early-postnatal-illness-severity-scores-predict-neurodevelopmental-impairments-at-10-years-of-age-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#8
J W Logan, O Dammann, E N Allred, C Dammann, K Beam, R M Joseph, T M O'Shea, A Leviton, K C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: A neonatal illness severity score, The Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-II (SNAP-II), predicts neurodevelopmental impairments at two years of age among children born extremely preterm. We sought to evaluate to what extent SNAP-II is predictive of cognitive and other neurodevelopmental impairments at 10 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In a cohort of 874 children born before 28 weeks of gestation, we prospectively collected clinical, physiologic and laboratory data to calculate SNAP-II for each infant...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079529/leveraging-the-skills-of-nurses-and-the-power-of-language-nutrition-to-ensure-a-better-future-for-children
#9
Ashley Darcy Mahoney, Lauren Head Zauche, Sunny Hallowell, Arianne Weldon, Jennifer Stapel-Wax
BACKGROUND: Early language exposure is critical for language acquisition and significantly influences a child's literacy skills. However, preterm infants may experience language deprivation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Nurses are vital to helping parents understand their critical role in early language development. PURPOSE: To discuss the impact of language-rich interactions and interventions that promote early language exposure, or Language Nutrition, by parents and caregivers on the long-term developmental, language, and educational outcomes of high-risk infants...
January 11, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078312/biallelic-scn10a-mutations-in-neuromuscular-disease-and-epileptic-encephalopathy
#10
Marios Kambouris, Julien Thevenon, Ariane Soldatos, Allison Cox, Joshi Stephen, Tawfeg Ben-Omran, Yasser Al-Sarraj, Hala Boulos, William Bone, James C Mullikin, Alice Masurel-Paulet, Judith St-Onge, Yannis Dufford, Corrine Chantegret, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Jamil Al-Alami, Laurence Faivre, Jean Baptiste Riviere, William A Gahl, Alexander G Bassuk, May Christine V Malicdan, Hatem El-Shanti
OBJECTIVES: Two consanguineous families, one of Sudanese ethnicity presenting progressive neuromuscular disease, severe cognitive impairment, muscle weakness, upper motor neuron lesion, anhydrosis, facial dysmorphism, and recurrent seizures and the other of Egyptian ethnicity presenting with neonatal hypotonia, bradycardia, and recurrent seizures, were evaluated for the causative gene mutation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Homozygosity mapping and whole exome sequencing (WES) identified damaging homozygous variants in SCN10A, namely c...
January 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077095/geographic-information-system-for-improving-maternal-and-newborn-health-recommendations-for-policy-and-programs
#11
Yordanos B Molla, Barbara Rawlins, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marc Cunningham, Juan Eugenio Hernández Ávila, Corrine Warren Ruktanonchai, Kavita Singh, Sylvia Alford, Mira Thompson, Vikas Dwivedi, Allisyn C Moran, Zoe Matthews
This correspondence argues and offers recommendations for how Geographic Information System (GIS) applied to maternal and newborn health data could potentially be used as part of the broader efforts for ending preventable maternal and newborn mortality. These recommendations were generated from a technical consultation on reporting and mapping maternal deaths that was held in Washington, DC from January 12 to 13, 2015 and hosted by the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) global Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064325/childhood-epilepsies-what-should-a-pediatrician-know
#12
Fahad A Bashiri
Seizures in children are among the most common neurological disorders. A pediatrician should know how to approach a child who presents with a seizure. This review will focus on points that are important in the evaluation of children who have experienced seizures. A comprehensive and neurologically focused framework for history taking and a thorough clinical examination are the cornerstones in diagnosing and managing seizures. This article reviews the clinical approach to the diagnosis, investigation, and management of epilepsy in children, excluding neonatal seizures...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064212/impact-of-a-critical-health-workforce-shortage-on-child-health-in-zimbabwe-a-country-case-study-on-progress-in-child-survival-2000-2013
#13
Connie A Haley, Sten H Vermund, Precious Moyo, Aaron M Kipp, Bernard Madzima, Trevor Kanyowa, Teshome Desta, Kasonde Mwinga, Marie A Brault
Despite notable progress reducing global under-five mortality rates, insufficient progress in most sub-Saharan African nations has prevented the achievement of Millennium Development Goal four (MDG#4) to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Country-level assessments of factors underlying why some African countries have not been able to achieve MDG#4 have not been published. Zimbabwe was included in a four-country study examining barriers and facilitators of under-five survival between 2000 and 2013 due to its comparatively slow progress towards MDG#4...
January 7, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064099/an-enhanced-recovery-programme-after-caesarean-delivery-increases-maternal-satisfaction-and-improves-maternal-neonatal-bonding-a-case-control-study
#14
Anne Laronche, Luiza Popescu, Dan Benhamou
OBJECTIVES: Enhanced recovery programmes (ERP) have been shown to improve postoperative outcomes. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of an ERP after caesarean delivery on maternal feelings and satisfaction towards mother-child bonding initiation, in comparison with traditional postoperative care. STUDY DESIGN: A comparative, prospective and multicentre study was conducted in three maternity units of the Paris area: one applied traditional postoperative care while the two others applied an ERP, were included patients after elective or emergency caesarean delivery who had given birth to full-term healthy singleton newborns...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060549/characterization-of-spirituality-in-maternal-child-caregivers
#15
Katherine Coughlin, Amy Mackley, Rachel Kwadu, Vanessa Shanks, Wendy Sturtz, David Munson, Ursula Guillen
OBJECTIVE: To characterize spiritual beliefs and support provided by maternal-child staff at three academic hospitals. BACKGROUND: Parents in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) believe that addressing spirituality is important. The spiritual beliefs and the support provided by NICU staff are currently unknown. METHODS: This prospective study surveyed all maternal-child staff (NICU and Obstetrics): physicians, neonatal nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, and social workers...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056289/-correlation-analysis-of-the-pre-pregnant-body-mass-index-the-gestational-weight-gain-and-umbilical-cord-blood-c-peptide
#16
X L Chen, Y Han, X M Zhao, Y Liu, J J Lü
Objective: To explore the correlation among the pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and umbilical cord blood C peptide, and to investigate the influence of maternal weight management on the incidence of baby long-term metabolic syndrome. Methods: During May to Aug.2015, 485 pregnant women in Zhejiang Taizhou first people's hospital and Taizhou Huangyan maternal &child care service centre were selected in random and divided into four groups according to pre-pregnant BMI: low body mass, normal body mass, over body mass and obese group, and also divided into two groups for getting gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or not...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049534/case-report-maternal-mosaicism-resulting-in-inheritance-of-a-novel-gata6-mutation-causing-pancreatic-agenesis-and-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Daphne Yau, Elisa De Franco, Sarah E Flanagan, Sian Ellard, Miriam Blumenkrantz, John J Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Haploinsufficiency of the GATA6 transcription factor gene was recently found to be the most common cause of pancreatic agenesis, a rare cause of neonatal diabetes mellitus. Although most cases are de novo, we describe three siblings with inherited GATA6 haploinsufficiency and the rare finding of parental mosaicism. CASE PRESENTATION: The proband was born at term with severe intrauterine growth restriction, the first child of non-consanguineous parents...
January 3, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049500/metabolic-progression-to-clinical-phenotype-in-classic-fabry-disease
#18
Marco Spada, David Kasper, Veronica Pagliardini, Elisa Biamino, Silvana Giachero, Francesco Porta
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder due to α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) deficiency. Clinical onset of Fabry disease is preceded by significant storage of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) and related glycosphingolipids, but the extent of the metabolic progression before symptoms is unknown. Using a newly recognized effector and marker of Fabry disease, globotriaosylsphingosine (LysoGb3), we aimed to provide a metabolic picture of classic Fabry disease from the neonatal period to childhood...
January 3, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045727/parental-perception-of-risk-associated-with-their-premature-infant
#19
Laura Fletcher, Tammy Pham, Helen Papaioannou, Regina Spinazzola, Ruth Milanaik
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth has been linked to increased parental stress, depression, and anxiety. Although the rate of neonatal morbidity and mortality decreases with increasing gestational age, recent research has revealed that there is no threshold age for risk or parental concern. PURPOSE: This study examines parental concern about medical and developmental outcomes of their premature infant. METHODS: Parents of 60 premature infants were surveyed in a follow-up clinic regarding their level of concern about 11 morbidities and their child's gestation-adjusted age; these were compared with the infant's inpatient chart...
December 31, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044203/advances-with-neonatal-aerodigestive-science-in-the-pursuit-of-safe-swallowing-in-infants-invited-review
#20
Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Feeding, swallowing, and airway protection are three distinct entities. Feeding involves a process of sequential, neurosensory, and neuromotor interactions of reflexes and behaviors facilitating ingestion. Swallowing involves anterograde bolus movement during oral-, pharyngeal-, and esophageal phases of peristalsis into stomach. During these events, coordination with airway protection is vital for homeostasis in clearing any material away from airway vicinity. Neurological-airway-digestive inter-relationships are critical to the continuum of successful feeding patterns during infancy, either in health or disease...
January 2, 2017: Dysphagia
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