keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

child ,neonatal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784491/neonatal-and-pediatric-arrhythmias-clinical-and-electrocardiographic-aspects
#1
REVIEW
Fabrizio Drago, Irma Battipaglia, Corrado Di Mambro
Arrhythmias have acquired a specific identity in pediatric cardiology, but for pediatric cardiologists it has always been difficult to recognize and treat them. Changes in anatomy and physiology result in electrocardiogram features that differ from the normal adult pattern and vary according to the age of the child. Sinus arrhythmia, ectopic atrial rhythm, "wandering pacemaker," and junctional rhythm can be normal characteristics in children (15%-25% of healthy children can have these rhythms on the electrocardiogram)...
June 2018: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783990/severe-hepatopathy-and-neurological-deterioration-after-start-of-valproate-treatment-in-a-6-year-old-child-with-mitochondrial-tryptophanyl-trna-synthetase-deficiency
#2
Elise Vantroys, Joél Smet, Arnaud V Vanlander, Sarah Vergult, Ruth De Bruyne, Frank Roels, Hedwig Stepman, Herbert Roeyers, Björn Menten, Rudy Van Coster
BACKGROUND: The first subjects with deficiency of mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (WARS2) were reported in 2017. Their clinical characteristics can be subdivided into three phenotypes (neonatal phenotype, severe infantile onset phenotype, Parkinson-like phenotype). RESULTS: Here, we report on a subject who presented with early developmental delay, motor weakness and intellectual disability and who was considered during several years as having a non-progressive encephalopathy...
May 21, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783717/associations-of-maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-with-pregnancy-and-neonatal-complications-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Paige van der Pligt, Jane Willcox, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Emily Murray, Anthony Worsley, Robin M Daly
Pregnant women in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America are at risk of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and prevalence throughout these regions are among the highest, globally. Maternal VDD has been associated with increased risk of a number of adverse maternal and neonatal health outcomes, yet research from developing countries is limited. We assessed the associations of maternal VDD during pregnancy with adverse health outcomes by synthesizing the literature from observational studies conducted in developing countries...
May 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783163/maternal-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-system-activity-and-stress-during-pregnancy-effects-on-gestational-age-and-infant-s-anthropometric-measures-at-birth
#4
Maria Gilles, Henrike Otto, Isabell A C Wolf, Barbara Scharnholz, Verena Peus, Michael Schredl, Marc W Sütterlin, Stephanie H Witt, Marcella Rietschel, Manfred Laucht, Michael Deuschle
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress might be a risk for the developing fetus and may have long-lasting effects on child and adult vulnerability to somatic and psychiatric disease. Over-exposure of the unborn to excess glucocorticoids and subsequent alteration of fetal development is hypothesized to be one of the key mechanisms linking prenatal stress with negative child outcome. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, mothers-to-be (n = 405) in late pregnancy (36...
April 22, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778438/does-previous-cesarean-section-influence-neonatal-birth-weight-a-path-analysis-in-china
#5
Chunxiang Qin, Yulong Deng, Wei-Ti Chen, Chunmei Mi, Weiyan Wang, Mei Sun, Jiarui Chen, Wei Liu, Siyuan Tang
BACKGROUND: Since the One-child Policy was revised to a Two-child policy in 2013, the number of pregnancies with previous cesarean section suddenly increased in China. The aim of this study was to test if a previous cesarean section influenced the neonatal birth weight under Chinese background. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Path analysis was used to test the hypothesized model for the association among previous cesarean section, placenta previa, gestational age and neonatal birth weight...
May 16, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774445/pregnancy-complicated-by-influenza-a-ards-requiring-consecutive-vv-ecmo-treatment-with-successful-vaginal-delivery
#6
Peter Radsel, Vojka Gorjup, Anja Jazbec, Rihard Knafelj, Miha Lucovnik, Gorazd Kavsek, Lilijana Kornhauser Cerar, Marko Noc
A 29-year-old woman presented with influenza A ARDS at 23+0 weeks of gestation. Mechanical ventilation failed and VV-ECMO was started in a non-ECMO hospital. Transportation was performed on ECMO. Within 5 days ECMO weaning was successful. Fetal condition was stable, and decision to continue pregnancy was taken. However, second VV-ECMO was needed due to ventilator-associated pneumonia. At 25+6 weeks, the patient spontaneously delivered a neonate vaginally. Patient's condition improved, and ECMO could be removed 10 days postpartum...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773123/circumstances-of-child-deaths-in-mali-and-uganda-a-community-based-confidential-enquiry
#7
Merlin L Willcox, Elias Kumbakumba, Drissa Diallo, Vincent Mubangizi, Peter Kirabira, Florence Nakaggwa, Birungi Mutahunga, Chiaka Diakité, Eugene Dembélé, Mamadou Traoré, Pierre Daou, Drissa Bamba, Amadou Traoré, Diafara Berthé, Nick Wooding, Kieran Dinwoodie, Sarah Capewell, Hamish Foster, Rowena Neville, Joseph Ngonzi, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Mant, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce child deaths in Africa have often underachieved, causing the Millennium Development Goal targets to be missed. We assessed whether a community enquiry into the circumstances of death could improve intervention effectiveness by identifying local avoidable factors and explaining implementation failures. METHODS: Deaths of children younger than 5 years were ascertained by community informants in two districts in Mali (762 deaths) and three districts in Uganda (442 deaths) in 2011-15...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773072/formal-procedure-to-facilitate-the-decision-to-withhold-or-withdraw-life-sustaining-interventions-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-seven-year-retrospective-study
#8
G Sorin, R Vialet, B Tosello
BACKGROUND: Neonatal deaths are often associated with the complex decision to limit or withdraw life-sustaining interventions (LSIs) rather than therapeutic impasses. Despite the existence of a law, significant disparities in clinical procedures remain. This study aimed to assess deaths occurring in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and measure the impact of a traceable Limitation or Withdrawal of Active Treatment (LWAT) file on the treatment of these newborns. METHODS: In this monocentric retrospective study, we reviewed all consecutive neonatal deaths occurring during two three-year periods among patients in the NICU at the North Hospital of Marseille: cohort 1 (from 2009 to 2011 without the LWAT file) and cohort 2 (from 2013 to 2015 after introduction of the LWAT file)...
May 17, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769047/uptake-of-skilled-attendance-along-the-continuum-of-care-in-rural-western-kenya-selected-analysis-from-global-health-initiative-survey-2012
#9
Winfred Mwangi, Onesmus Gachuno, Meghna Desai, David Obor, Vincent Were, Frank Odhiambo, Amek Nyaguara, Kayla F Laserson
BACKGROUND: Examining skilled attendance throughout pregnancy, delivery and immediate postnatal period is proxy indicator on the progress towards reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality in developing countries. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional baseline survey of households of mothers with at least 1 child under-5 years in 2012 within the KEMRI/CDC health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) area in rural western Kenya. RESULTS: Out of 8260 mother-child pairs, data on antenatal care (ANC) in the most recent pregnancy was obtained for 89% (n = 8260); 97% (n = 7387) reported attendance...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768519/influence-of-growth-hormone-replacement-on-neurological-and-psychomotor-development-case-report
#10
Felipe Motta, Adriana Pasmanik Eisencraft, Lindiane Gomes Crisostomo
The height response to the use of growth hormone in short height cases has already been confirmed in the literature. The influence of the insulin-like growth factor 1 (GH-IGF1) axis components on development, function, regeneration, neuroprotection, cognition, and motor functions has been evaluated in experimental studies and in adults with central nervous system lesions. However, there is still little research on the clinical impact of hormone replacement on neurological and psychomotor development. This report presents the case of a patient with excellent weight-height recovery and, even more surprisingly, neurological and psychomotor development in response to use of growth hormone...
May 14, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767725/advancing-the-health-of-women-and-newborns-predictors-of-patient-satisfaction-among-women-attending-antenatal-and-maternity-care-in-rural-rwanda
#11
Christine Mutaganzwa, Leah Wibecan, Hari S Iyer, Evrard Nahimana, Anatole Manzi, Francois Biziyaremye, Merab Nyishime, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Hema Magge
Objective: Identify predictors of patient satisfaction with antenatal care (ANC) and maternity services in rural Rwanda. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Twenty-six health facilities in Southern Kayonza (SK) and Kirehe districts. Participants: Sample of women ≥ 16 years old receiving antenatal and delivery care between November and December 2013. Intervention: Survey of patient satisfaction with antenatal and delivery care to inform quality improvement (QI) initiatives aimed at reducing neonatal mortality...
May 15, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764902/secular-trend-seasonality-and-effects-of-a-community-based-intervention-on-neonatal-mortality-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-quang-ninh-province-vietnam
#12
Leif Eriksson, Nguyen T Nga, Dinh T Phuong Hoa, Duong M Duc, Anna Bergström, Lars Wallin, Mats Målqvist, Uwe Ewald, Tran Q Huy, Nguyen T Thuy, Tran Thanh Do, Pham T L Lien, Lars-Åke Persson, Katarina Ekholm Selling
BACKGROUND: Little is know about whether the effects of community engagement interventions for child survival in low-income and middle-income settings are sustained. Seasonal variation and secular trend may blur the data. Neonatal mortality was reduced in a cluster-randomised trial in Vietnam where laywomen facilitated groups composed of local stakeholders employing a problem-solving approach for 3 years. In this analysis, we aim at disentangling the secular trend, the seasonal variation and the effect of the intervention on neonatal mortality during and after the trial...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764572/-a-single-center-study-on-the-incidence-and-mortality-of-preterm-infants-from-2006-to-2016
#13
Jun-Mei Yan, Hui Huang, Qian-Qian Li, Xiao-Yi Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and mortality rates of preterm infants and the main causes of death. METHODS: The basic information of preterm infants was collected from their medical records and admission/discharge records to analyze the incidence and mortality rates of preterm infants and the causes of their death. RESULTS: There were 76 812 neonates born in the Xuzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2006 to December 2016, among whom 5 585 (7...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764408/congenital-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-different-clinical-presentation-in-two-cases
#14
Ida Russo, Virginia Di Paolo, Carmelo Gurnari, Angela Mastronuzzi, Francesca Del Bufalo, Pier Luigi Di Paolo, Angela Di Giannatale, Renata Boldrini, Giuseppe Maria Milano
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas of childhood, is very rare in the neonatal period (0.4-2% of cases). In order to gain a deeper understanding of this disease at such age, patient and tumor features, as well as treatment modality and outcome need to be reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe two cases with congenital RMS treated at Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital between 2000 and 2016. They represent only 2.24% of all RMS patients diagnosed during that period in our Institution; this data is in agreement with the incidence reported in the literature...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764103/unit-costing-of-health-extension-worker-activities-in-ethiopia-a-model-for-managers-at-the-district-and-health-facility-level
#15
Maureen E Canavan, Erika Linnander, Shirin Ahmed, Halima Mohammed, Elizabeth H Bradley
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, Ethiopia has made impressive national improvements in health outcomes, including reductions in maternal, neonatal, infant, and child mortality attributed in large part to their Health Extension Program (HEP). As this program continues to evolve and improve, understanding the unit cost of health extension worker (HEW) services is fundamental to planning for future growth and ensuring adequate financial support to deliver effective primary care throughout the country...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762896/vertical-transmission-of-herpes-simplex-virus-an-update
#16
REVIEW
Anil Kumar Bhatta, Uma Keyal, Yeqiang Liu, Emese Gellen
Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 and -2 infections are highly prevalent worldwide. HSV infection during pregnancy can result in neonatal herpes infection, which is characterized by lifelong infection with periods of latency and reactivation. HSV can be acquired by an infant during one of three periods: in utero (5 %), peripartum (85 %), or postnatal (10 %). Neonatal HSV is a rare but significant infection that may be associated with severe morbidity and mortality, especially if there is dissemination or central nervous system involvement...
May 15, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757383/considerations-of-antiviral-treatment-to-interrupt-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-in-china
#17
Fuqiang Cui, Joseph Woodring, Polin Chan, Fujie Xu
Background: Treating high-risk women with antivirals in their third trimester is a promising intervention to further reduce perinatal transmission in neonates born to hepatitis B surface antigen positive [HBsAg(+)] mothers. Methods: We estimated the number of perinatal infections based on coverage and effectiveness of hepatitis B immunization. We compared cost-effectiveness of different approaches to identify high-risk women for antiviral treatment, by region and urban/rural residence...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756978/comparative-study-of-the-nutritional-status-of-vitamin-a-in-pregnant-women-and-in-women-who-became-pregnant-or-did-not-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#18
Sabrina Cruz, Suzana Machado, Suelem Cruz, Sílvia Pereira, Carlos Saboya, Andréa Ramalho
INTRODUCTION: the changes in digestive physiology after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), as well as pregnancy, maximizes the risk of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and both can result in harm to the mother and child health. OBJECTIVE: to compare the nutritional status of vitamin A among women who became pregnant or did not after RYGB and in pregnant women who did not undergo surgery, and to assess the impact of VAD on the mother and child health. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study of the analytical type...
January 18, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753200/substance-exposed-newborn-infants-and-public-health-law-differences-in-addressing-the-legal-mandate-to-report
#19
Jordan J Hoerr, Anthony M Heard, Meredith M Baker, Joshua Fogel, Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, William C Kling, Maureen D Clark, James P Ronayne
Prenatal exposure to illicit substances is a finding that typically requires reporting to a child protective services agency. We examine whether there is differential reporting to two public agencies, and whether it varies by race/ethnicity and region. We also study predictors of indicating a maltreatment report as credible. Data on positive neonatal toxicology reports were obtained from the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) and the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS). Variation in reporting rates by race/ethnicity and region were compared with Pearson chi-square analysis...
May 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751744/a-case-of-raine-syndrome-presenting-with-facial-dysmorphy-and-review-of-literature
#20
Jayesh Sheth, Riddhi Bhavsar, Ajit Gandhi, Frenny Sheth, Dhairya Pancholi
BACKGROUND: Raine syndrome (RS) - an extremely rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder, is caused by a biallelic mutation in the FAM20C gene. Some of the most common clinical features include generalized osteosclerosis with a periosteal bone formation, dysmorphic face, and thoracic hypoplasia. Many cases have also been reported with oro-dental abnormalities, and developmental delay. Most of the cases result in neonatal death. However, a few non-lethal RS cases have been reported where patients survive till adulthood and exhibits a heterogeneous clinical phenotype...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
keyword
keyword
31318
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"