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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212598/essential-newborn-care-after-home-delivery-in-nepal
#1
Mats Målqvist, Asha Pun, Ashish Kc
AIMS: Postnatal care of the newborn is essential in order to reduce neonatal mortality. Nepal has made great efforts to improve maternal and child health by focusing on accessibility and outreach over the past decades. This study aims to examine trends, over the past decade, in levels and equity of facility delivery rates and the provision of newborn care after home delivery in Nepal. METHODS: Household-level data from the Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) 2006 and 2011 and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS5) from 2014 performed in Nepal was sourced for the study...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209769/seizures-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-white-matter-injury
#2
Monica S Cooper, Mark T Mackay, Michael Fahey, Dinah Reddihough, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, A Simon Harvey
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to describe the prevalence, syndromes, and evolution of seizure disorders in children with cerebral palsy (CP) due to white matter injury (WMI). METHODS: For this population-based cohort study, brain MRI scans and medical records were reviewed in children in the Victorian Cerebral Palsy Register born between 1999 and 2006 recorded as having WMI. Children were excluded if they had features of an undiagnosed syndrome, associated cortical malformation or injury, or no medical contact in the preceding year...
February 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209492/reproductive-considerations-in-the-setting-of-chronic-viral-illness
#3
REVIEW
Brent M Hanson, Jessie A Dorais
Special considerations must be taken when patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C desire to achieve pregnancy. Patients with chronic viral illnesses desire children at rates similar to the general population, and options are available to decrease both vertical transmission and viral transmission between partners. Preconception counseling or consultation with fertility specialists is imperative in patients with HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C so that reproductive goals can be addressed and optimized...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208964/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-infants-receiving-skin-to-skin-care-at-birth-follow-up-of-randomized-cohort
#4
Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay Karshanbhai Patel, Dhaval Nileshbhai Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
INTRODUCTION: Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. AIM: We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06/003790) conducted in a teaching hospital located in central Gujarat...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207571/systematic-review-of-interventions-to-reduce-psychiatric-morbidity-in-parents-and-children-after-picu-admissions
#5
Samantha C Baker, Julia A Gledhill
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate interventions aimed at reducing psychiatric morbidity in parents and children discharged from PICU. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken, searching EMBASE, PSYCHinfo, MEDLINE, and CINAHL. Experts in the field were contacted to identify unpublished studies. STUDY SELECTION: Exclusion criteria: Studies with participants above age 18 or drawn from a neonatal ICU, studies not in English, and those not measuring psychopathology...
February 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206723/clinical-study-on-amplitude-integrated-electroencephalogram-in-cerebral-injury-caused-by-severe-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia
#6
Hongwei Wu, Zhenguang Li, Jinfeng Liu, Gang Liu, Xia Yang
BACKGROUND: This study was designed in order to assess the validity of the use of amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) in cerebral injury caused by severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. METHODS: A total of 56 full-term neonates diagnosed with severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and admitted to the NICU of our hospital from July 2013 to December 2014 were continuously selected for the study. The total serum bilirubin (TSB) was higher than 342 μmo/l, and was dominated by a higher amount of unconjugated bilirubin...
February 15, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199954/effects-of-single-family-rooms-on-nurse-parent-and-nurse-infant-interaction-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#7
Mirka Toivonen, Liisa Lehtonen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Anna Axelin
BACKGROUND: Single-family rooms in neonatal intensive care unit can provide longer interaction between family and staff. On the other hand, separation in private rooms has been shown detrimental to child development if parents are not present. AIMS: To examine the effects of single-family rooms on nurse-family, nurse-parent and nurse-infant interaction time in neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, comparative, observational study was conducted before and after a move to a neonatal intensive care unit with single-family rooms...
February 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199816/survival-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-periviable-infants
#8
Noelle Younge, Ricki F Goldstein, Carla M Bann, Susan R Hintz, Ravi M Patel, P Brian Smith, Edward F Bell, Matthew A Rysavy, Andrea F Duncan, Betty R Vohr, Abhik Das, Ronald N Goldberg, Rosemary D Higgins, C Michael Cotten
Background Data reported during the past 5 years indicate that rates of survival have increased among infants born at the borderline of viability, but less is known about how increased rates of survival among these infants relate to early childhood neurodevelopmental outcomes. Methods We compared survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes among infants born at 22 to 24 weeks of gestation, as assessed at 18 to 22 months of corrected age, across three consecutive birth-year epochs (2000-2003 [epoch 1], 2004-2007 [epoch 2], and 2008-2011 [epoch 3])...
16, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197832/non-surgical-management-of-a-mycotic-internal-iliac-artery-aneurysm-in-a-neonate-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Philippa Jackson, Helen Bryant, Jeanette Kraft, Sean O'Riordan, Jai Patel, Grainne Bourke
We report a unique case of neonatal mycotic internal iliac artery aneurysm managed non-operatively. The child had multifocal osteomyelitis and no history of umbilical artery catheterisation. The aneurysm was regularly scanned and monitored until its obliteration by thrombus 17 days after initial detection. Contingency plans for either interventional radiological coiling or open surgical repair were in place had the aneurysm grown or the child deteriorated.
February 14, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196368/pericardio-amniotic-shunting-for-incomplete-pentalogy-of-cantrell
#10
Alexander C Engels, Anne Debeer, Francesca M Russo, Michael Aertsen, Katleen Aerts, Marc Miserez, Jan Deprest, Liesbeth Lewi, Roland Devlieger
A 27-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 0, presented with an incomplete Pentalogy of Cantrell with an omphalocele, diaphragmatic hernia, and a pericardial defect at 32 weeks' gestation. A large pericardial effusion compressed the lungs and had led to a reduced lung growth with an observed-to-expected total lung volume of 28% as measured by MRI. The effusion disappeared completely after the insertion of a pericardio-amniotic shunt at 33 weeks. After birth, the newborn showed no signs of pulmonary hypoplasia and underwent a surgical correction of the defect...
February 15, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194281/effects-of-father-neonate-skin-to-skin-contact-on-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Er-Mei Chen, Meei-Ling Gau, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzu-Ying Lee
This study examines how skin-to-skin contact between father and newborn affects the attachment relationship. A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a regional teaching hospital and a maternity clinic in northern Taiwan. The study recruited 83 first-time fathers aged 20 years or older. By block randomization, participants were allocated to an experimental (n = 41) or a control (n = 42) group. With the exception of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), participants from each group received the same standard care...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193399/community-resource-centres-to-improve-the-health-of-women-and-children-in-informal-settlements-in-mumbai-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Neena Shah More, Sushmita Das, Ujwala Bapat, Glyn Alcock, Shreya Manjrekar, Vikas Kamble, Rijuta Sawant, Sushma Shende, Nayreen Daruwalla, Shanti Pantvaidya, David Osrin
BACKGROUND: Around 105 million people in India will be living in informal settlements by 2017. We investigated the effects of local resource centres delivering integrated activities to improve women's and children's health in urban informal settlements. METHODS: In a cluster-randomised controlled trial in 40 clusters, each containing around 600 households, 20 were randomly allocated to have a resource centre (intervention group) and 20 no centre (control group)...
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188612/hepatitis-b-immunoglobulin-during-pregnancy-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#13
REVIEW
Ahizechukwu C Eke, George U Eleje, Uzoamaka A Eke, Yun Xia, Jiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis is a viral infection of the liver. It is mainly transmitted between people through contact with infected blood, frequently from mother to baby in-utero. Hepatitis B poses significant risk to the fetus and up to 85% of infants infected by their mothers at birth develop chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is a purified solution of human immunoglobulin that could be administered to the mother, newborn, or both. HBIG offers protection against HBV infection when administered to pregnant women who test positive for hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg) or hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or both...
February 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186605/-analysis-of-mat1a-gene-mutations-in-a-child-affected-with-simple-hypermethioninemia
#14
Yun Sun, Dingyuan Ma, Yanyun Wang, Bin Yang, Tao Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To detect potential mutations of MAT1A gene in a child suspected with simple hypermethioninemia by MS/MS neonatal screening. METHODS: Clinical data of the child was collected. Genomic DNA was extracted by a standard method and subjected to targeted sequencing using an Ion Ampliseq(TM) Inherited Disease Panel. Detected mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The child showed no clinical features except evaluated methionine...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182668/cross-sectional-study-of-mode-of-delivery-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-mainland-china
#15
Lei Hou, Susan Hellerstein, Allison Vitonis, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have risen globally with nearly 50% of the non-indicated CDs worldwide in China and Brazil. In China's One Child Policy era (1979-2015) most deliveries were women having their only child. Family size is a major determinant of the safety of medically non-indicated CD or CD on maternal request. The goal of this study is to document CD rates, indications, and analyze the relative safety of non-indicated CD compared to SVD and intrapartum CD. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of the association between mode of delivery and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes were performed on a cross-section of all deliveries at 39 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in 2011, presented as adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 99% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182292/metastatic-neuroblastoma-diagnosed-on-prenatal-sonographic-examination-performed-for-decreased-fetal-movement
#16
Hector O Chapa, Steven Gywnn Geddie, Rebecca Flores
We report a case of fetal neuroblastoma presenting with massive liver metastasis diagnosed during the biophysical profile sonographic examination performed for decreased fetal movement. The patient presented at 37 weeks' gestation with limited fetal movement over 24 hours. Biophysical profile showed marked polyhydramnios and an enlarged abdomen filled with a homogeneous mass lesion suspicious for liver metastasis. Primary urgent cesarean section was performed revealing a cachectic neonate with a rigid and grossly distended abdomen...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182035/cardiac-emergencies-in-neonates-and-young-infants
#17
REVIEW
Nasib Kabbani, Mohamed S Kabbani, Hayan Al Taweel
Cardiac emergencies in children are not infrequent. Early recognition and management are essential to save life and prevent any comorbidity. The presentation of cardiac emergencies and etiologies is variable depending on the age of child at the time of presentation and type of cardiac lesion. Cyanotic and noncyanotic congenital heart diseases are the main causes in neonates and infants. Acquired heart diseases and dysrhythmia are more common causes for cardiac emergencies in toddler and childhood. In this review, we discuss the most common causes for cardiac emergencies in neonates and young infants highlighting important points in the presentation and management that are essential for early recognition and timely management of infants presenting with these conditions...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179267/obesity-and-pregnancy-mechanisms-of-short-term-and-long-term-adverse-consequences-for-mother-and-child
#18
REVIEW
Patrick M Catalano, Kartik Shankar
Obesity is the most common medical condition in women of reproductive age. Obesity during pregnancy has short term and long term adverse consequences for both mother and child. Obesity causes problems with infertility, and in early gestation it causes spontaneous pregnancy loss and congenital anomalies. Metabolically, obese women have increased insulin resistance in early pregnancy, which becomes manifest clinically in late gestation as glucose intolerance and fetal overgrowth. At term, the risk of cesarean delivery and wound complications is increased...
February 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178739/methamphetamine-consumption-during-pregnancy-effects-on-child-health
#19
Jürgen Dinger, Patricia Hinner, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
Methamphetamine abuse during pregnancy represents an emerging health care problem. The consequences are not only of relevance to the pregnant women, but also their unborn child. It is associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia and hypertension, fetal demise, preterm delivery, and intrauterine growth restriction. The deleterious effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure on the developing fetal brain may lead to long-term neuro-developmental and behavioral problems.Given the current evidence, abuse of methamphetamine during pregnancy must be of utmost concern to health care professionals and to policy-makers...
February 8, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174626/maternal-undernutrition-and-excessive-body-weight-and-risk-of-birth-and-health-outcomes
#20
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing in low- and middle-income countries, while underweight remains a significant health problems. However, the association between double burden of nutrition and risk of adverse birth and health outcomes is still unclear in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight on a range of maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 and 2014 data sets to cover the maternal, child and non-communicable diseases related health outcomes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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