keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

child ,neonatal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334142/severe-ectropion-in-lamellar-ichthyosis-managed-medically-with-oral-acitretin
#1
Manpreet Singh, Manpreet Kaur, Ripanjeet Kaur, Shakeen Singh
Congenital ectropion is commonly associated with lamellar ichthyosis. Severe eyelid ectropion may cause corneal exposure, keratopathy, and permanent corneal scarring. We report a neonate with severe, bilateral, congenital ectropion and eclabium managed using oral retinoids. Both corneas were protected with topical antibiotics and lubricating eyedrops and eye ointments. At 12-month follow-up, the child was doing well, with no ectropion or corneal opacity.
January 15, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333811/neonatal-mortality-and-associated-factors-in-newborn-infants-admitted-to-a-neonatal-care-unit
#2
Juan C Lona Reyes, René O Pérez Ramírez, Leonardo Llamas Ramos, Larissa M Gómez Ruiz, Edith A Benítez Vázquez, Virginia Rodríguez Patino
INTRODUCTION: The increasing survival rate of preterm infants has altered the epidemiology of neonatal diseases; however, neonatal mortality is still the main component of child mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate neonatal mortality and associated factors in newborn infants admitted to a neonatal care unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study conducted between January 2016 and January 2017 at Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331007/anaesthetic-management-of-nesidioblastosis-in-two-infants
#3
Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Mohsin Nazir Butt, Fauzia Anis Khan
Nesidioblastosis is the most common cause of non-transient, recurrent and persistent hypoglycaemia in neonates and infants. It is a disorder of diffuse proliferation of beta cells of the pancreas leading to hyperinsulinemia and hypoglycaemia. The main aim is to prevent the severe episodes of hypoglycaemia which can cause damage to the brain and/or mental retardation. In this case report we present two cases of nesidioblastosis and their perioperative anaesthetic course for near-total pancreatectomy. First case was a 7 months old female who had repeated episodes of convulsions since birth...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330999/reasons-of-self-discharge-from-nursery-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#4
Rabia Abbas, Khawaja Ahmad Irfan Waheed, Talal Waqar, Muhammad Anwar, Rafia Gul, Sikandar Hayat, Syeda Tehseen Fatima, Muhammad Azhar
BACKGROUND: Patients who leave against medical advice (LAMA) from a health facility is a recognized problem. In neonatology practice this issue is particularly sensitive as repercussions can be severe. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors influencing the decision of parents to self-discharge their babies against medical advice. METHODS: This descriptive case series was conducted in the Department of Neonatology, of the Children's Hospital and the Institute of Child Health, Lahore from January to June 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330015/mother-to-child-transmission-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#5
Dana Danino, Rimma Melamed, Batya Sterer, Nurith Porat, Guy Hazan, Alex Gushanski, Eilon Shany, David Greenberg, Avraham Borer
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at high risk for extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) sepsis and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) outbreaks. Maternal colonization with ESBL-E may be precursory to maternal-neonatal transmission. However, there is no consensus regarding surveillance of pregnant women for ESBL-E colonization. AIM: To identify pairs of mothers and offspring harbouring same-strain ESBL-E colonization and to determine whether maternal transmission may play a role in increasing ESBL-E carriage in preterm infants...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#6
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326182/variations-in-childbirth-interventions-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#7
Anna Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, Ank de Jonge, Thomas van den Akker, Katrien Beeckman, Annick Bogaerts, Monalisa Barros, Patricia Janssen, Lorena Binfa, Eva Rydahl, Lucy Frith, Mechthild Gross, Berglind Hálfdánsdóttir, Deirdre Daly, Jean Calleja-Agius, Patricia Gillen, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Eugene Declercq
INTRODUCTION: There are growing concerns about the increase in rates of commonly used childbirth interventions. When indicated, childbirth interventions are crucial for preventing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, but their routine use in healthy women and children leads to avoidable maternal and neonatal harm. Establishing ideal rates of interventions can be challenging. This study aims to describe the range of variations in the use of commonly used childbirth interventions in high-income countries around the world, and in outcomes in nulliparous and multiparous women...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325592/magnesium-sulphate-for-fetal-neuroprotection-to-prevent-cerebral-palsy-mag-cp-implementation-of-a-national-guideline-in-canada
#8
Dane A De Silva, Anne R Synnes, Peter von Dadelszen, Tang Lee, Jeffrey N Bone, Laura A Magee
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) for women at risk of imminent birth at < 32-34 weeks to reduce the likelihood of cerebral palsy in the child. MAGnesium sulphate for fetal neuroprotection to prevent Cerebral Palsy (MAG-CP) was a multifaceted knowledge translation (KT) strategy for this practice. METHODS: The KT strategy included national clinical practice guidelines, a national online e-learning module and, at MAG-CP sites, educational rounds, focus group discussions and surveys of barriers and facilitators...
January 11, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324555/the-association-between-paternal-body-mass-index-pregnancy-success-and-child-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Jared M Campbell, Nicole O McPherson
The objective of this review is to investigate the association between paternal body mass index (BMI) (particularly elevated paternal BMI) and complications of conception and pregnancy as well as neonatal and childhood health.
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323435/soluble-cd14-levels-in-plasma-and-breastmilk-of-malawian-hiv-women-lack-of-association-with-morbidity-and-mortality-in-their-exposed-infants
#10
Silvia Baroncelli, Clementina M Galluzzo, Giuseppe Liotta, Mauro Andreotti, Fausto Ciccacci, Sandro Mancinelli, Victor T Tolno, Jane Gondwe, Roberta Amici, Maria C Marazzi, Stefano Vella, Marina Giuliano, Leonardo Palombi, Lucia Palmisano
PROBLEM: Data on soluble CD14 (sCD14) during pregnancy and lactation are scarce. We assessed the levels of sCD14 in plasma and breastmilk of Malawian HIV-positive women and evaluated the possible association with morbidity and mortality in the HIV-exposed children. METHOD OF STUDY: One hundred and forty-nine mother/child pairs were studied. Women received antiretroviral therapy from 26 weeks of gestation to at least 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding. sCD14 concentrations were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320328/twenty-five-diagnoses-on-midline-images-of-the-brain-from-fetus-to-child-to-adult
#11
Asim F Choudhri, Harris L Cohen, Adeel Siddiqui, Vijay Pande, Ari M Blitz
Midsagittal images of the brain provide a wealth of anatomic information and may show abnormalities that are pathognomonic for particular diagnoses. Using an anatomy-based approach, the authors identify pertinent anatomic structures to serve as a checklist when evaluating these structures. Subregions evaluated include the corpus callosum, pituitary gland and sellar region, pineal gland and pineal region, brainstem, and cerebellum. The authors present 25 conditions with characteristic identifiable abnormalities at midsagittal imaging...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319634/hyperoxia-and-hypocapnia-during-pediatric-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-associations-with-complications-mortality-and-functional-status-among-survivors
#12
Katherine Cashen, Ron Reeder, Heidi J Dalton, Robert A Berg, Thomas P Shanley, Christopher J L Newth, Murray M Pollack, David Wessel, Joseph Carcillo, Rick Harrison, J Michael Dean, Robert Tamburro, Kathleen L Meert
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of hyperoxia and hypocapnia during pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and their relationships to complications, mortality, and functional status among survivors. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data collected prospectively by the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network. SETTING: Eight Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network-affiliated hospitals. PATIENTS: Age less than 19 years and treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
January 9, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315136/renal-replacement-therapy-in-the-critically-ill-child
#13
Claire A Westrope, Sarah Fleming, Melpo Kapetanstrataki, Roger C Parslow, Kevin P Morris
OBJECTIVES: Although renal replacement therapy is widely used in critically ill children, there have been few comprehensive population-based studies of its use. This article describes renal replacement therapy use, and associated outcomes, in critically ill children across the United Kingdom in the largest cohort study of this patient group. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study using prospectively collected data. SETTING: Data from the Pediatric Intensive Care Audit Network database which collects data on all children admitted to U...
January 8, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307472/special-equipment-considerations-for-neonatal-ecmo
#14
REVIEW
James Connelly, Thane Blinman
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for neonates is applied routinely at major children's hospitals around the world. While the practice seems routine, the peculiar physiology of the small human imposes particular constraints on selection of equipment, performance of the circuit, and risks to the child. The physiology of small patients and physics of circuit elements leave many areas opaque and far from optimal, but still allow assembly of a set of useful heuristics for good practice. Here, we examine individual mechanical components of the ECMO circuit with attention to selection, pitfalls, and peculiarities of each when applied to the neonate...
January 4, 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306797/maternal-sociodemographic-factors-differentially-affect-the-risk-of-behavioral-problems-in-brazilian-and-italian-preterm-toddlers
#15
Rafaela Guilherme Monte Cassiano, Livio Provenzi, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares, Claudia Maria Gaspardo, Rosario Montirosso
The main aim of the present study was to examine differences in behavioral problems in toddlers born very preterm in Brazil and Italy. The sample comprised 154 toddlers (18-24 months of age) born very preterm, including 76 toddlers from Brazil and 78 toddlers from Italy. The Child Behavior Checklist was used to assess behavioral problems. Specific sociodemographic factors (i.e., maternal age at childbirth and maternal education) and neonatal factors (i.e., gestational age, sex, and length of hospitalization) were tested as potential mediators of country-related differences in behavioral problems...
January 4, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306729/adding-to-the-complexity-of-fetal-and-neonatal-alloimmune-thrombocytopenia-reduced-fibrinogen-binding-in-the-presence-of-anti-hpa-1a-antibody-and-hypo-responsive-neonatal-platelets
#16
E Refsum, S Meinke, G Gryfelt, A Wikman, P Höglund
BACKGROUND: In fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT), maternal alloantibodies directed against paternally-derived platelet antigens are transported across the placenta to the fetus, where they may cause thrombocytopenia. The most serious complication of FNAIT is an intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), which may cause death or life-long disability of the child. Apart from alloantibody-mediated platelet destruction, the clinical outcome in FNAIT may be affected by properties of neonatal platelets and possible functional effects on platelets caused by maternal alloantibodies...
December 29, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306493/delivery-room-resuscitation-and-short-term-outcomes-in-moderately-preterm-infants
#17
Monika Bajaj, Girija Natarajan, Seetha Shankaran, Myra Wyckoff, Abbot R Laptook, Edward F Bell, Barbara J Stoll, Waldemar A Carlo, Betty R Vohr, Shampa Saha, Krisa P Van Meurs, Pablo J Sanchez, Carl T D'Angio, Rosemary D Higgins, Abhik Das, Nancy Newman, Michele C Walsh
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and extent of delivery room resuscitation and evaluate the association of delivery room resuscitation with neonatal outcomes in moderately preterm (MPT) infants. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational cohort study of MPT infants delivered at 290/7 to 336/7 weeks' gestational age (GA) enrolled in the Neonatal Research Network MPT registry. Infants were categorized into 5 groups based on the highest level of delivery room intervention: routine care, oxygen and/or continuous positive airway pressure, bag and mask ventilation, endotracheal intubation, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation including chest compressions and/or epinephrine use...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305393/the-contribution-of-neonatal-jaundice-to-global-child-mortality-findings-from-the-gbd-2016-study
#18
REVIEW
Bolajoko O Olusanya, Stephanie Teeple, Nicholas J Kassebaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304145/temperature-extremes-and-infant-mortality-in-bangladesh-hotter-months-lower-mortality
#19
Olufemi Babalola, Abdur Razzaque, David Bishai
BACKGROUND: Our study aims to obtain estimates of the size effects of temperature extremes on infant mortality in Bangladesh using monthly time series data. METHODS: Data on temperature, child and infant mortality were obtained for Matlab district of rural Bangladesh for January 1982 to December 2008 encompassing 49,426 infant deaths. To investigate the relationship between mortality and temperature, we adopted a regression with Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) errors model of seasonally adjusted temperature and mortality data...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302556/process-evaluation-of-child-health-services-at-outreach-sites-during-health-and-nutrition-day-mamta-day-in-urban-slums-of-western-india
#20
Kedar Mehta, Chandresh Pandya, Paragkumar Chavda, Dipak Solanki
Introduction: Health indicators of rural and urban India show a wide variation. Rural areas have received large focus in child health services, but on the flip side, urban areas have been the last to receive such attention. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to include one randomly selected outreach session from all the 19 urban primary health centers of Vadodara city from April 2013 to May 2014. Nineteen session sites were observed for the process evaluation of three components of child health care, namely, "planning of Health and Nutrition Day," "availability of vaccines/logistics," and "direct observation of actual immunization process" at the site using a structured checklist...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
keyword
keyword
31318
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"