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Testicular cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775128/long-term-serum-platinum-changes-and-their-association-with-cisplatin-related-late-effects-in-testicular-cancer-survivors
#1
Line V Hjelle, Per O M Gundersen, Ragnhild Hellesnes, Mette Sprauten, Marianne Brydøy, Torgrim Tandstad, Tom Wilsgaard, Sophie D Fosså, Jan Oldenburg, Roy M Bremnes, Hege S Haugnes
BACKGROUND: The long-term toxicities after cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBCT) reveal a remarkable inter-individual variation among testicular cancer survivors (TCSs). Therefore, we assessed long-term platinum (Pt) changes and their associations with CBCT-related late effects in TCSs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 77 TCSs treated with CBCT from 1984 to 1990, blood samples for analyses of Pt and a questionnaire including self-reported neuro- and ototoxicity (NTX) symptoms were collected during two follow-up surveys at median 12 (Survey I; SI) and 20 (Survey II; SII) years after treatment...
May 18, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774821/minimally-invasive-retroperitoneal-lymphadenectomy
#2
Lukas Lusuardi, Thomas Kunit, Günter Janetschek
The feasibility of laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy (RLA) for testicular cancer was shown >25 years ago. Initially the indication was clinical stage I (CS I) nonseminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT). Compared with that of open surgery, the morbidity was much decreased. However, in Europe, surgery for CS I is now replaced by chemotherapy. A relatively new indication is laparoscopic retroperitonal lymphadenectomy for small unilateral residual tumor after chemotherapy. The technique of unilateral lymphadenectomy for both indications is described in detail and with a video...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774444/male-fertility-preservation
#3
REVIEW
J Abram McBride, Larry I Lipshultz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With improvements in cancer treatment outcomes and an increase in cancer survivorship, understanding the importance of fertility preservation options prior to undergoing cancer treatment is essential. Therefore, we review herein the effect of cancer and its treatment on male fertility, the rationale for sperm cryopreservation, options for sperm retrieval, ART outcomes, and experimental options. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data update fertility outcomes with newer cancer therapies and provide longitudinal insight into survivor paternity with and without fertility preservation...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772568/primary-and-postchemotherapy-retroperitoneal-lymphadenectomy-for-testicular-cancer
#4
Axel Heidenreich, Pia Paffenholz, Tim Nestler, David Pfister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768260/carboplatin-dosing-accuracy-by-estimation-of-glomerular-filtration-versus-creatinuria-in-cancer-patients
#5
Noiver Graciano Vera, Luis Pino Villarreal, Jenny Ureña Vargas
BACKGROUND: The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is essential for calculating the dose and the monitoring of carboplatin. Although GFR measurement (mGFR) by external markers is ideal, in most cases these are not employed; the most used method is GFR estimation (eGFR) by formulae, hence the need to identify the formula with the best performance. METHODS: Patients admitted between 2011 and 2017 and diagnosed with ovarian, endometrial, lung, esophageal, or testicular cancer were assessed retrospectively...
May 16, 2018: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765521/long-term-deficiency-of-vitamin-d-in-germ-cell-testicular-cancer-survivors
#6
Lucia Nappi, Margaret Ottaviano, Pasquale Rescigno, Ladan Fazli, Martin E Gleave, Vincenzo Damiano, Sabino De Placido, Giovannella Palmieri
Background: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy significantly improved the survival of patients with germ cell testicular cancer. However, long term side effects of chemotherapy have non-negligible impact on the quality of life of these young patients, who have a long life expectancy after being successfully treated. Materials and Methods: 25-OH vitamin D, testosterone, FSH and LH of patients with testicular cancer were retrospectively evaluated and for each patient clinical information were collected...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765511/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-rhamm-expression-in-normal-and-neoplastic-human-tissues-a-cell-cycle-protein-with-distinctive-expression-in-mitotic-cells-and-testicular-germ-cells
#7
Yao-Tseng Chen, Zhengming Chen, Yi-Chieh Nancy Du
Expression of Receptor for Hyaluronic Acid Mediated Motility (RHAMM) increases cellular motility and RHAMM overexpression promotes invasive phenotype and metastasis of cancer cells. RHAMM has been suggested as a biomarker for poor prognosis in several tumor types, including lung, breast, colorectal, gastric, pancreatic ductal, and ovarian cancers. RNA studies showed restricted RHAMM expression in normal tissues, but its protein expression data in tissues were limited. In light of its potential as a prognostic marker and a therapeutic target, we performed immunohistochemical analysis to systematically characterize RHAMM expression in normal and neoplastic human tissues...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761480/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-plec-exo5-and-dnah7-as-novel-susceptibility-genes-in-testicular-cancer
#8
Beatriz Paumard-Hernández, Oriol Calvete, Lucia Inglada Pérez, Héctor Tejero, Fátima Al-Shahrour, Guillermo Pita, Alicia Barroso, Juan Carlos Triviño, Miguel Urioste, Claudia Valverde, Enrique González Billalabeitia, Vanesa Quiroga, Juan Francisco Rodríguez Moreno, Antonio Fernández Aramburo, Cristina López, Pablo Maroto, Javier Sastre, María José Juan Fita, Ignacio Duran, Isabel Lorenzo-Lorenzo, Patricia Iranzo, Xavier García Del Muro, Silverio Ros, Francisco Zambrana, Ana María Autran, Javier Benítez
Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) are a clinically and pathologically heterogeneous disease, and little is known of its genetic basis. Only low susceptibility risk loci have been identified for both sporadic and familial cases. Therefore, we tried to identify new susceptibility genes responsible for familial testicular cancer that may contribute to increasing our knowledge about the genetic basis of the disease. Nineteen Spanish families with at least two affected individuals with TGCT were selected. WES was performed on those individuals using an Illumina Hiseq2000 sequencing platform...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757721/spectrum-of-extratesticular-and-testicular-pathologic-conditions-at-scrotal-mr-imaging
#9
Pardeep K Mittal, Ahmed S Abdalla, Argha Chatterjee, Deborah A Baumgarten, Peter A Harri, Jay Patel, Courtney C Moreno, Helena Gabriel, Frank H Miller
Diagnostic workup of scrotal lesions should begin with a complete clinical history and physical examination, including analysis of risk factors such as family history of testicular cancer, personal history of tumor in the contralateral testis, and cryptorchidism, followed by imaging. Scrotal ultrasonography (US) with a combination of gray-scale and color Doppler techniques has been the first-line imaging modality for evaluation of testicular and extratesticular lesions because of its low cost, wide availability, and high diagnostic accuracy...
May 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755659/the-clinicopathological-significance-of-monocarboxylate-transporters-in-testicular-germ-cell-tumors
#10
Eduardo C A Silva, Flavio M Cárcano, Murilo Bonatelli, Maurício G Zaia, Filipa Morais-Santos, Fátima Baltazar, Luiz F Lopes, Cristovam Scapulatempo-Neto, Céline Pinheiro
Background: Metabolic reprogramming is one of the hallmarks of cancer. The hyperglycolytic phenotype is often associated with the overexpression of metabolism-associated proteins, such as monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs). MCTs are little explored in germ cell tumors (GCTs), thus, the opportunity to understand the relevance of these metabolic markers and their chaperone CD147 in this type of tumor arises. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of MCT1, MCT2, MCT4 and CD147 in testicular GCT samples and the clinicopathological significance of these metabolism related proteins...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754945/decision-analysis-defining-optimal-management-of-clinical-stage-1-high-risk-nonseminomatous-germ-cell-testicular-cancer-with-lymphovascular-invasion
#11
Svetlana Avulova, Clayton Allen, Alicia Morgans, Kelvin A Moses
BACKGROUND: Risk of recurrent disease for men with clinical stage 1 high-risk nonseminomatous germ cell testicular cancer (CS1 NSGCT) with lymphovascular invasion (LVI) after orchiectomy is 50% and current treatment options (surveillance [S], retroperitoneal lymph node dissection [RPLND], or 1 cycle of BEP [BEP ×1]) are associated with a 99% disease specific survival, therefore practice patterns vary. We performed a decision analysis using updated data of long-term complications for men with CS1 NSGCT with LVI to quantify and assess relative treatment values...
May 10, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753523/testicular-transposition-in-children-undergoing-brachytherapy-for-bladder-and-or-prostate-rhabdomyosarcoma
#12
Guenolee de Lambert, Cyrus Chargari, Véronique Minard-Colin, Christine Haie-Meder, Florent Guérin, Hélène Martelli
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Fertility preservation is a major goal in treatment of children with cancer. We describe a new technique of testicular transposition (TT) in patients treated with pulse-dose-rate (PDR) brachytherapy as part of the multimodal conservative treatment of bladder neck and/or prostate rhabdomyosarcoma (BP RMS). METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients treated between September 2016 and August 2017 were studied. These patients underwent a TT performed during BP RMS surgery by the same suprapubic incision...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753463/de-novo-urologic-malignancies-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#13
H Antunes, E Tavares-da-Silva, R Oliveira, J Carvalho, B Parada, C Bastos, A Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressed organ transplant patients have an elevated risk of malignancies. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of urologic malignancies in renal transplant recipients, as well as to evaluate their monitoring, treatment, and outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective single-center study of 2897 renal transplants between January 1987 and December 2016. Recipients presenting with de novo urologic malignancies were evaluated...
March 10, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752333/the-endocrinology-of-male-breast-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Ian S Fentiman
Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease but, as a result of epidemiological collaborations, there is now greater clarity concerning endocrine risk factors. The significant rise in global age-standardised mean BMI in men is likely to lead to increases in incidence of maturity-onset diabetes and MBC. The metabolic changes accompanying obesity decrease androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), thereby increasing available oestrogens. The higher rates of MBC in North and Equatorial Africa are largely due to liver damage from endemic bilharziasis and hepatitis B causing elevated oestradiol (E2 ) levels from hepatic conversion of androgen...
June 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751037/interaction-of-anti-cancer-drug-cisplatin-with-major-proteinase-inhibitor-alpha-2-macroglobulin-biophysical-and-thermodynamic-analysis
#15
Mohammad Khalid Zia, Tooba Siddiqui, Syed Saqib Ali, Haseeb Ahsan, FahimHalim Khan
Alpha-2-macroglobulin is a multifunctional, highly abundant, plasma protein which reacts with a wide variety of molecules and drugs such as cisplatin. Cisplatin is commonly used anticancer drug widely used for treatment of testicular, bladder, ovarian, head and neck, lung and cervical cancers. This study is designed to examine the interaction of cisplatin with human alpha-2-macroglobulin through various biophysical techniques and drug binding through molecular modeling. Cisplatin alters the function of alpha-2-macroglobulin and the thiolesters are most likely the reactive sites for cisplatin...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749711/brachyury-oncogene-is-a-prognostic-factor-in-high-risk-testicular-germ-cell-tumors
#16
F Pinto, F M Cárcano, E C A da Silva, D O Vidal, C Scapulatempo-Neto, L F Lopes, R M Reis
The T-box transcription factor Brachyury has been considered a cancer-specific marker and a novel oncotarget in solid tumors. Brachyury overexpression has been described in various cancers, being associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition, metastasis, and poor prognosis. However, its clinical association with testicular germ cell tumor is unknown. We analyzed the expression of Brachyury by immunohistochemistry in a series of well-characterized testicular germ cell tumor samples and at transcript level by in silico analysis...
May 10, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742278/conditional-relative-survival-among-long-term-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancers
#17
Chelsea Anderson, Andrew B Smitherman, Hazel B Nichols
BACKGROUND: Many studies have examined long-term outcomes after childhood cancer, but few address outcomes for adolescent and young adult (AYA; those aged 15-39 years) cancer survivors. Conditional survival reflects changing mortality risk with time since cancer diagnosis and is a useful measure for planning long-term follow-up care. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry 9 database, the authors identified a cohort of AYA patients diagnosed with a first malignant cancer between 1973 and 2009 and followed through 2014...
May 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739453/spontaneous-renal-hemorrhage-secondary-to-choriocarcinoma-in-a-man-with-congenital-hypospadias-and-cryptorchidism-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Yi Li, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Shuang Wen, Chao-Yu Xiong, Zi-Yi Yang, Yun-Xiao Zhu, Nathan Jeffreys
BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma is a rare malignant germ-cell tumour, most commonly found in adult women. It infrequently presents as spontaneous renal haemorrhage (SRH). Genital malformation and SRH secondary to choriocarcinoma has previously been only reported in females. We present what we believe to be the first case of a male patient with genital malformation (hypospadias and cryptorchidism) and SRH at presentation of choriocarcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old man presented to the department with intense pain in the right flank region and lower back...
May 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736376/a-rare-case-of-isolated-castrate-resistant-bilateral-testicular-metastases-in-advanced-prostate-cancer
#19
Jiarui Su, Edwin Jonathan Aslim, Hakan Aydin, Puay Hoon Tan, Henry Sun Sien Ho
Testicular metastasis is rare with the prostate being the most common site of primary cancer. We report a case of a 72-year-old man with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and known metastases to bone and lymph nodes, who developed bilateral painful swollen testes 3 years after the initial diagnosis of prostate cancer. He had first presented with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) with suspicious findings on digital rectal examination of the prostate, and an elevated serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level of 129 ng/mL...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736007/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-testicular-cancer-survivors
#20
Scott C Adams, Darren S DeLorey, Margie H Davenport, Adrian S Fairey, Scott North, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer survivors (TCS) are at increased risk of cancer-related fatigue (CRF), psychosocial impairment, and poor mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Here, we examine the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in TCS. Secondarily, we explore cardiorespiratory fitness as a mediator of intervention effects and select baseline characteristics as moderators of intervention effects. METHODS: TCS (n = 63) were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of supervised HIIT or usual care (UC)...
May 8, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
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