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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728259/-impact-of-allergic-airway-diseases-on-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-school-age-children
#1
X D Jiang, C Shen, K Li, Y T Ji, S H Li, F Jiang, X M Shen, F Li, Y Hu
Objective: To investigate the impact of allergic airway diseases on the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in school-age children. Method: Used stratified cluster sampling method, school-age children in first to sixth grade in primary schools in 9 randomly selected cities including Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xi'an, and Wuhan were enrolled in the study. Interview of parents with questionnaires, which included school-age individual and family social environment questionnaire (including history of diagnosed ADHD, allergic rhinitis, and bronchial asthma) and Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), were finished and collected during November to December in 2005...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727612/commentary-on-formula-feeding-as-a-risk-factor-for-attention-deficiency-hyperactivity-disorder-is-bisphenol-a-exposure-a-smoking-gun
#2
Michael Weitzman, Lily Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727611/formula-feeding-as-a-risk-factor-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-bisphenol-a-exposure-a-smoking-gun
#3
Andrew Adesman, Derek Soled, Lisa Rosen
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding during infancy is associated with a lower risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although this is presumably due to breast milk's nutritional advantages, formula-fed infants have, until recently, also been exposed to bisphenol A (BPA), a neurotoxic chemical previously used to manufacture baby bottles and formula cans. Our goal was to examine the association between formula feeding and preschool ADHD in 2 comparable, serial cohorts of preschool children who differ in BPA exposure during infancy...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726231/-emotional-facial-recognition-difficulties-as-primary-deficit-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#4
D Rodrigo-Ruiz, J C Perez-Gonzalez, J Cejudo
INTRODUCTION: It has recently been warned that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show a deficit in emotional competence and emotional intelligence, specifically in their ability to emotional recognition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature in reference to the emotional recognition of facial expressions in children with ADHD is presented in order to establish or rule the existence of emotional deficits as primary dysfunction in this disorder and, where appropriate, the effect size of the differences against normal development or neurotypical children...
August 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725548/age-dependent-lasting-effects-of-methylphenidate-on-the-gabaergic-system-of-adhd-patients
#5
Michelle M Solleveld, Anouk Schrantee, Nicolaas A J Puts, Liesbeth Reneman, Paul J Lucassen
Stimulants are the main pharmacological treatment for patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Their current prescription rates are rising, both in children, adolescents and adults. Related to the impulse control phenotype, both preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated lower γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) levels in prefrontal brain regions in ADHD. Whereas stimulant treatment increases GABA levels, preclinical studies have suggested that stimulant treatment effects may be age-dependent...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724480/neuroticism-and-the-overlap-between-autistic-and-adhd-traits-findings-from-a-population-sample-of-young-adult-australian-twins
#6
Shin-Ho Park, Adam J Guastella, Michael Lynskey, Arpana Agrawal, John N Constantino, Sarah E Medland, Yun Ju C Song, Nicholas G Martin, Lucía Colodro-Conde
Neuroticism, a 'Big Five' personality trait, has been associated with sub-clinical traits of both autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective of the current study was to examine whether causal overlap between ASD and ADHD traits can be accounted for by genetic and environmental risk factors that are shared with neuroticism. We performed twin-based structural equation modeling using self-report data from 12 items of the Neo Five-Factor Inventory Neuroticism domain, 11 Social Responsiveness Scale items, and 12 Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale items obtained from 3,170 young adult Australian individual twins (1,081 complete pairs)...
August 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724403/the-association-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-internet-addiction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Bing-Qian Wang, Nan-Qi Yao, Xiang Zhou, Jian Liu, Zheng-Tao Lv
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the association between Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Internet addiction (IA). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in four online databases in total including CENTRAL, EMBASE, PubMed and PsychINFO. Observational studies (case-control, cross-sectional and cohort studies) measuring the correlation between IA and ADHD were screened for eligibility. Two independent reviewers screened each article according to the predetermined inclusion criteria...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723827/neurocognitive-and-symptom-trajectories-of-adhd-from-childhood-to-early-adolescence
#8
Andrea L Murray, Thomas Robinson, Gail Tripp
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study investigated changes in neurocognitive functioning from childhood to early adolescence in a sample of children diagnosed with DSM-IV attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It also compared the neurocognitive trajectories of children who continued to meet the diagnostic criteria for ADHD at follow-up and those in partial remission. METHODS: Children diagnosed with ADHD (N = 55) were tested at baseline (M = 7.7 years, SD = 1...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723824/a-national-profile-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-us-children-aged-2-to-5-years
#9
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Mary Margaret Gleason, Georgina Peacock, Angelika H Claussen, Stephen J Blumberg
OBJECTIVE: Clinical guidelines provide recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with specific guidance on caring for children younger than 6 years. This exploratory study describes ADHD diagnosis and treatment patterns among young children in the United States using 2 nationally representative parent surveys. METHODS: The National Survey of Children's Health (2007-2008, 2011-2012) was used to produce weighted prevalence estimates of current ADHD and ADHD medication treatment among US children aged 2 to 5 years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722023/potential-involvement-of-impaired-bkca-channel-function-in-sensory-defensiveness-and-some-behavioral-disturbances-induced-by-unfamiliar-environment-in-a-mouse-model-of-fxs
#10
Maria Isabel Carreno-Munoz, Fabienne Martins, Maria Carmen Medrano, Elisabetta Aloisi, Susanna Pietropaolo, Corentin Dechaud, Enejda Subashi, Guillaume Bony, Melanie Ginger, Abdelmalik Moujahid, Andreas Frick, Xavier Leinekugel
In Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), sensory-hypersensitivity and impaired habituation is thought to result in attention overload and various behavioral abnormalities in reaction to the excessive and remanent salience of environment-features that would normally be ignored. This phenomenon, termed sensory defensiveness, has been proposed as the potential cause of hyperactivity, hyperarousal, and negative reactions to changes in routine that are often deleterious for FXS patients. However, the lack of tools for manipulating sensory-hypersensitivity has not allowed the experimental testing required to evaluate the relevance of this hypothesis...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721826/clinical-uses-of-melatonin-in-neurological-diseases-and-mental-and-behavioural-disorders
#11
Emilio J Sánchez-Barceló, Noemi R Revilla, María D Mediavilla, Carmen Martínez-Cué, Russel J Reiter
Melatonin is a molecule with numerous properties applicable to the treatment of neurological diseases. Among these properties are the following: potent scavenger of oxygen and nitrogen reactive species, anti-inflammatory features, immuno-enhancing nature, and modulation of circadian rhythmicity. Furthermore, low concentrations of melatonin are usually found in patients with neurological diseases and mental disorders. The positive results obtained in experimental models of diverse pathologies, including diseases of the nervous system (e...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721675/callous-unemotional-traits-are-uniquely-associated-with-poorer-peer-functioning-in-school-aged-children
#13
Sarah M Haas, Stephen P Becker, Jeffery N Epstein, Paul J Frick
This study examines externalizing symptoms (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], conduct problems, and callous-unemotional [CU] traits) in relation to domains of peer functioning (social competence, loneliness, and close friendship quality), with a specific focus on the role of CU traits. One hundred twenty-four elementary students (grades 3-6; 45% boys) completed multiple measures of peer functioning, and teachers completed measures of externalizing symptoms and social competence. After controlling for demographic variables and other externalizing symptoms, CU traits were significantly associated with poorer peer functioning across all variables except for demands of exclusivity in close friendships...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721467/a-review-of-the-safety-efficacy-and-mechanisms-of-delivery-of-nasal-oxytocin-in-children-therapeutic-potential-for-autism-and-prader-willi-syndrome-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#14
Marilena M DeMayo, Yun Ju C Song, Ian B Hickie, Adam J Guastella
In this article, we conduct a comprehensive review of existing evidence for the safety and therapeutic potential of intranasal oxytocin in pediatric populations. Unique considerations for dosing and delivery of oxytocin to the nasal passageway in pediatric populations and methods to promote adherence are reviewed. Intranasal oxytocin has been administered to 261 children in three open-label studies and eight randomized controlled trials. To date, the only published results in pediatric populations have focused on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)...
July 18, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720416/emotional-fmr-auditory-paradigm-demonstrates-normalization-of-limbic-hyperactivity-after-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-auditory-hallucinations
#15
Eduardo J Aguilar, Iluminada Corripio, Gracián García-Martí, Eva Grasa, Luis Martí-Bonmatí, Beatriz Gómez-Ansón, Julio Sanjuán, Fidel Núñez-Marín, Esther Lorente-Rovira, María J Escartí, Alison Brabban, Douglas Turkington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719424/excessive-and-frequent-menstrual-bleeding-with-methylphenidate-in-an-adolescent-girl-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Murat Coskun, Ibrahim Adak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719227/simvastatin-as-an-adjunctive-therapy-to-risperidone-in-treatment-of-autism-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Fatemeh Shirzad, Mohammad-Ali Karkhaneh-Yousefi, Rasoul Khezri, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Providing novel treatments for autism has been a subject of long-standing research. Based on etiopathological findings, we aim at assessing potential therapeutic effects of statins, here simvastatin, on autism symptoms for the first time. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group 10-week clinical trial, 70 drug-free children aged 4 to 12 years old with diagnosis of autistic disorder based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, who had an Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABC-C) scale irritability subscale score of ≥12, were equally randomized to receive either simvastatin (20-40 mg/day) or placebo as an adjunct to risperidone (1-2 mg/day) whereas administration of both drugs was started simultaneously from baseline...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716515/calming-the-storm-dysautonomia-for-the-pediatrician
#18
Justin M Burton, Olga M Morozova
Dysautonomia is a potentially life-threatening syndrome seen in many different types of brain injuries. It involves paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity and typically includes a constellation of symptoms, including: tachycardia, tachypnea, hyperthermia, hypertension, diaphoresis, hypertonia, and/or decerebrate or decorticate posturing. It is a clinical diagnosis of exclusion. A multimodal treatment approach is necessary including environmental modifications along with pharmacotherapy. Early management can help prevent comorbidities including secondary brain injury while also improving patient outcomes...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716394/validation-of-a-spanish-language-version-of-the-adhd-rating-scale-iv-in-a-spanish-sample
#19
M Vallejo-Valdivielso, C A Soutullo, P de Castro-Manglano, J J Marín-Méndez, A Díez-Suárez
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to validate a Spanish-language version of the 18-item ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHD-RS-IV.es) in a Spanish sample. METHODS: From a total sample of 652 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years (mean age was 11.14±3.27), we included 518 who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for ADHD and 134 healthy controls. To evaluate the factorial structure, validity, and reliability of the scale, we performed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using structural equation modelling on a polychoric correlation matrix and maximum likelihood estimation...
July 14, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715272/face-to-face-versus-online-behavioral-parent-training-for-young-children-at-risk-for-adhd-treatment-engagement-and-outcomes
#20
George J DuPaul, Lee Kern, Georgia Belk, Beth Custer, Molly Daffner, Andrea Hatfield, Daniel Peek
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with significant challenges in child functioning. Although behavioral parent training (BPT) can reduce ADHD symptoms, factors associated with traditional face-to-face (F2F) delivery results in only about half of families receiving BPT. The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial was to examine parent engagement and program acceptability of F2F and online BPT, as well as the efficacy of both formats relative to a waitlist control (WLC) group...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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