keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anti science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926978/potential-blood-biomarkers-in-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria
#1
Pavel Kolkhir, Fiona Andre, Martin K Church, Marcus Maurer, Martin Metz
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a mast cell-driven disease that is defined as the recurrence of wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks due to known or unknown causes. As of yet, disease diagnosis is purely clinical. Objective tools are needed to monitor the activity of CSU and the efficacy of treatment. Recently, several reports have suggested that blood parameters may be considered as potential disease-related biomarkers. OBJECTIVE: To review available literature on blood biomarkers for CSU diagnosis, activity monitoring, duration, patient subgroups allocation or response to treatment...
December 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925445/relationship-between-obesity-and-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-in-reproductive-aged-african-american-women
#2
Lia A Bernardi, Mercedes R Carnethon, Peter J de Chavez, Deborah E Ikhena, Lisa M Neff, Donna D Baird, Erica E Marsh
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between obesity and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) among reproductive-aged African American women (AAW). METHODS: From the women participating in an ongoing National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences study, 1,654 AAW aged 23 to 35 were included in this study. Anthropometric measurements, personal health information, and serum AMH and adipokine levels were analyzed. RESULTS: The median body mass index (BMI) was 32...
December 7, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#3
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919915/chemoprevention-of-colorectal-cancer-in-individuals-with-previous-colorectal-neoplasia-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#4
Parambir S Dulai, Siddharth Singh, Evelyn Marquez, Rohan Khera, Larry J Prokop, Paul J Limburg, Samir Gupta, Mohammad Hassan Murad
OBJECTIVE:  To assess the comparative efficacy and safety of candidate agents (low and high dose aspirin, non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), calcium, vitamin D, folic acid, alone or in combination) for prevention of advanced metachronous neoplasia (that is, occurring at different times after resection of initial neoplasia) in individuals with previous colorectal neoplasia, through a systematic review and network meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:  Medline, Embase, Web of Science, from inception to 15 October 2015; clinical trial registries...
December 5, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912886/medicinal-plants-and-natural-molecules-with-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-activity-against-rotavirus-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Gopalsamy Rajiv Gandhi, Paula Gurgel Barreto, Bruno Dos Santos Lima, Jullyana de Souza Siqueira Quintans, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo, Narendra Narain, Lucindo Jose Quintans-Júnior, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
BACKGROUND: Rotaviruses can cause life-threatening health disorders, such as severe dehydrating gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children. Vaccination is the main preventive strategy to reduce rotavirus diarrhea and the severity of episodes, but vaccines are not fully effective and new episodes may occur, even in vaccinated children. The WHO recommends oral rehydration therapy and zinc supplementation for rotavirus-induced diarrhea management. There is little preclinical evidence to support the use of phytotherapeutics in the management of rotaviral infections...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911140/effect-of-secondary-preventive-therapy-on-recurrence-of-tuberculosis-in-hiv-infected-individuals-a-systematic-review
#6
Wassilis Sc Bruins, Frank van Leth
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals successfully treated for tuberculosis (TB) remain at risk of recurrence of the disease, especially in high TB incidence settings. We performed a systematic review, investigating whether secondary preventive therapy (sPT) with anti-TB drugs (preventive therapy in former TB patients with treatment success) is an effective strategy to prevent recurrence of TB in this patient group. We searched the databases PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google Scholar using the keywords HIV-infections, HIV, human immunodeficiency virus, AIDS, isoniazid, isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT), tuberculosis, TB, recurrence and recurrent disease, resulting in 253 potential publications...
December 2, 2016: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911113/a-tribute-to-professor-steven-l-wechsler-1948-2016-the-man-and-the-scientist
#7
Anthony B Nesburn, Lbachir BenMohamed
Professor Steven L. Wechsler, a world-renowned eye researcher and virologist, passed away unexpectedly on June 12, 2016 at the age of 68. Many scientists came to know Professor Wechsler as a gifted researcher in the field of ocular Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1) latency, reactivation, and pathogenesis. Professor Wechsler published over 150 peer-reviewed scientific papers during his career, pushing forward the frontiers of his field eye research. His colleagues would say, 'Steve literally wrote the book on herpes latency and reactivation...
December 2, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907028/oxidative-and-anti-oxidative-stress-markers-in-chronic-glaucoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Cédric Benoist d'Azy, Bruno Pereira, Frédéric Chiambaretta, Frédéric Dutheil
Chronic glaucoma is a multifactorial disease among which oxidative stress may play a major pathophysiological role. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the levels of oxidative and antioxidative stress markers in chronic glaucoma compared with a control group. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Science Direct databases were searched for studies reporting oxidative and antioxidative stress markers in chronic glaucoma and in healthy controls using the following keywords: "oxidative stress" or "oxidant stress" or "nitrative stress" or "oxidative damage" or "nitrative damage" or "antioxidative stress" or "antioxidant stress" or "antinitrative stress" and "glaucoma"...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903364/-a-meta-analysis-of-hiv-seroprevalence-in-pregnant-women-with-syphilis-and-the-impact-of-syphilis-infection-on-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission
#9
T T Wang, Y Xu, Z Z Li, L Z Chen
Objective: To estimate HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women with syphilis and evaluate the influence of syphilis infection on mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of HIV by meta-analysis. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search for 1 678 articles related to maternal syphilis and HIV infection published until October 1(st) 2015 using the PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese Web of Knowledge, Wanfang, Weipu, and SinoMed databases and evaluated the quality of each papers using the STROBE checklist, and the keywords were " pregnant women/maternal/pregnancy" , "syphilis/AIDS" , "HIV/human immunodeficiency virus" , "mother- to-child transimission/vertical transmission" ...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899043/use-of-biologics-and-other-novel-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-systemic-sclerosis
#10
Cosimo Bruni, Emanuela Praino, Yannick Allanore, Oliver Distler, Armando Gabrielli, Florenzo Iannone, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by vasculopathy, inflammation and fibrosis. These three main disease-determining pathways are the target of the currently available treatments used to possibly modify the progression of disease-related manifestations, although this synergy has not been fully applied on SSc joint, skin or lung involvement yet. Areas covered: we describe the current status of SSc treatment/therapy performing a literature search in MEDLINE/Pubmed and Thomson Reuter's Web of Science for articles published until March 2016...
November 30, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896240/evaluation-of-anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-sari-iran
#11
Seyyed Hosein Seyyedpour, Parvaneh Afshar, Ayoub Barzegarnejad, Shamsi Kalhori, Reza Agah
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii has worldwide distribution and is one of the most prevalent infectious agents in humans. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in hemodialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the hemodialysis unit of Fatemeh Zahra hospital at the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in Sari, Iran. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with CKD and 145 healthy volunteers were assessed for anti-Toxoplasma gondii (IgG, IgM, and IgA) antibodies using a conventional ELISA technique...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894151/value-of-the-ultrasound-in-the-study-of-ovarian-reserve-for-prediction-of-oocyte-recovery
#12
Meire Spressão, Antonio Hélio Oliani, Denise Cristina Mós Vaz Oliani
Purpose To identify which methods used in the assessment of the ovarian reserve are exclusive or complementary to identify the best response to follicle development. Methods Retrospective cohort study, involving patients undergoing assisted reproduction treatment at the Instituto de Medicina Reprodutiva e Fetal, from April 2009 to July 2014. Age, biochemical tests, and ultrasound were assessed. The data were analyzed to predict the follicular development and the relation between them, using, for statistical analysis, Statistical Package for Social Sciences software...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893176/desmopressin-for-treatment-of-platelet-dysfunction-and-reversal-of-antiplatelet-agents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
M J R Desborough, K A Oakland, G Landoni, M Crivellari, C Doree, L J Estcourt, S J Stanworth
BACKGROUND: Platelet dysfunction, including that caused by antiplatelet agents, increases the risk of perioperative bleeding. The optimal management of patients with platelet dysfunction undergoing surgery is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether desmopressin reduces perioperative allogeneic red cell transfusion and bleeding for patients with platelet dysfunction. PATIENTS/METHODS: We searched for randomised controlled trials in The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, the Transfusion Evidence Library and ISI Web of Science to 7(th) July 2016...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891361/serum-frap-levels-and-pre-eclampsia-among-pregnant-women-in-a-rural-community-of-northern-india
#14
Anant Gupta, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Shyam Prakash, Mani Kalaivani, Chandrakant S Pandav, Sanjay Kumar Rai, Puneet Misra
INTRODUCTION: There is a balance between the oxidative and the anti-oxidative forces in human body. Some studies document decreased level of anti-oxidant in pre-eclampsia while other studies showed normal level of anti-oxidant in pre-eclampsia and the evidence is equivocal. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess enzymatic anti-oxidant activities in pre-eclamptic women and compare it with normotensive pregnant women with period of gestation between 28 to 36 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891337/high-seroprevalence-of-dengue-virus-infection-in-blood-donors-from-delhi-a-single-centre-study
#15
Pragya Ranjan, Vidhya Natarajan, Meenu Bajpai, Ekta Gupta
INTRODUCTION: The risk of transfusion transmitted dengue has been increasingly recognized. Blood donors in an endemic area like Delhi may serve as a potential vehicle for transmission of the infection. Moreover, prevalence of infection in them would be representative of the true picture of dengue in a population. AIM: To determine the prevalence of dengue virus infection in blood donors in a tertiary care centre. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 200 blood donors were recruited in the study after obtaining informed consent in the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi in July and August 2012...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886568/deep-sequencing-methods-for-protein-engineering-and-design
#16
REVIEW
Emily E Wrenbeck, Matthew S Faber, Timothy A Whitehead
The advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has revolutionized protein science, and the development of complementary methods enabling NGS-driven protein engineering have followed. In general, these experiments address the functional consequences of thousands of protein variants in a massively parallel manner using genotype-phenotype linked high-throughput functional screens followed by DNA counting via deep sequencing. We highlight the use of information rich datasets to engineer protein molecular recognition...
November 22, 2016: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886329/interleukin-8-251a-t-polymorphism-and-periodontitis-susceptibility-a-meta-analysis
#17
Z J Yang, X P Tang, Q G Lai, J B Ci, K F Yuan
The -251A/T polymorphism in the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene has been implicated in susceptibility to periodontitis; however, this correlation has not been elucidated. In this meta-analysis, we investigated the association between the IL-8 -251A/T polymorphism and the risk of periodontitis. All eligible case-control studies published until August 2014 were identified and extracted from PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Internet, and WanFang databases. The strength of this association was accessed by pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), using either a fixed- or random-effect model...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882211/novel-perspectives-on-the-role-of-the-human-microbiota-in-regenerative-medicine-and-surgery
#18
Tommaso Pellegatta, Marco Saler, Viola Bonfanti, Giovanni Nicoletti, Angela Faga
Plastic surgery is transitioning from a fine craftsmanship to a regenerative science. In wound healing, the role of microorganisms is no longer considered to be just counteracting, but also promoting. Furthermore, host-microbe interactions are essential for numerous aspects of normal mammalian physiology, from metabolic activity to immune homeostasis. Each area of the human body hosts a unique microbial community, and the composition of microbiota is dependent on the host, age and the anatomical area, and it changes according to the characteristics of the microenvironment...
November 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882069/hepatitis-c-and-g-virus-infection-prevalence-among-hemodialysis-patients-and-associated-risk-factors-in-the-hormozgan-province-of-southern-iran
#19
Ali Kargar Kheirabad, Fahime Bahri, Mohammad Kargar, Iman Ghasemzadeh
BACKGROUND: Infection with blood-borne viruses including hepatitis C (HCV) and hepatitis G (HGV) viruses is a substantial health problem. Varying prevalences of these infections in different studies reflect the role of predisposing risk factors in different countries or even different regions of a country. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present survey was to assess the prevalences of HCV and HGV virus infections among hemodialysis (HD) patients in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Iran, 2015...
October 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878716/inhibition-of-tobacco-ringspot-virus-by-the-culture-fluid-of-l-lysine-%C3%AE-oxidase-producing-strain
#20
Yu A Shneider, I P Smirnova, E V Karimova
A producing strain of an anti-tumor and antiviral enzyme L-lysine-α-oxidase from Trichoderma was cultured using a technological device of G. K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences (Pushchino). L-lysine-α-oxidase activity in the obtained metabolite concentrate was 5.4 U/ml. We studied the effects of the concentrate of active L-lysine-α-oxidase producer on the highly infectious Tobacco ringspot virus and revealed anti-viral activity of it when enzyme concentration was at least 1...
November 23, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
keyword
keyword
31300
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"