keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anti science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637018/the-efficacy-of-anti-pd-1-pd-l1-therapy-and-its-comparison-with-egfr-tkis-for-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Zhixin Sheng, Xu Zhu, Yanhua Sun, Yanxia Zhang
PURPOSE: To better understand the efficacy and safety of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy (atezolizumab, pembrolizumab, nivolumab) in patients with previously treated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, Embase, Medline, and the Science Citation Index were searched for prospective published reports of atezolizumab, pembrolizumab, nivolumab in previously treated patients with advanced NSCLC. RESULTS: Finally, we identified 14 prospective published reports including four trials of atezolizumab covering 542 subjects, three trials of pembrolizumab covering 1566 subjects, seven trials of nivolumab covering 1678 subjects...
June 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632418/therapeutic-monitoring-of-unfractionated-heparin-trials-and-tribulations
#2
Israfil Baluwala, Emmanuel Favaloro, Leonardo Pasalic
Heparin is one of the oldest biological medicines with an established role in prevention and treatment of arterial and venous thromboembolism. Published therapeutic ranges for unfractionated heparin (UFH) mostly precede the large increase in the number of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) reagent/instrument combinations that now show wide variability. Areas covered: This paper explores the use of UFH, the development of heparin therapeutic ranges (HTRs), and the strengths and limitations of the methods used to monitor heparin's anticoagulant effect...
June 20, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630540/the-dublin-declaration-on-maternal-health-care-and-anti-abortion-activism-examples-from-latin-america
#3
Lynn M Morgan
The Dublin Declaration on Maternal Healthcare-issued by self-declared pro-life activists in Ireland in 2012-states unequivocally that abortion is never medically necessary, even to save the life of a pregnant woman. This article examines the influence of the Dublin Declaration on abortion politics in Latin America, especially El Salvador and Chile, where it has recently been used in pro-life organizing to cast doubt on the notion that legalizing abortion will reduce maternal mortality. Its framers argue that legalizing abortion will not improve maternal mortality rates, but reproductive rights advocates respond that the Dublin Declaration is junk science designed to preserve the world's most restrictive abortion laws...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628640/birds-of-a-feather-flock-together-insights-into-starling-murmuration-behaviour-revealed-using-citizen-science
#4
Anne E Goodenough, Natasha Little, William S Carpenter, Adam G Hart
Pre-roost murmuration displays by European starlings Sturnus vulgaris are a spectacular example of collective animal behaviour. To date, empirical research has focussed largely on flock movement and biomechanics whereas research on possible causal mechanisms that affect flock size and murmuration duration has been limited and restricted to a small number of sites. Possible explanations for this behaviour include reducing predation through the dilution, detection or predator confusion effects (the "safer together" hypotheses) or recruiting more birds to create larger (warmer) roosts (the "warmer together" hypothesis)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627044/adherence-to-treatment-in-patients-with-behcet-s-disease
#5
Alireza Khabbazi, Farid Karkon Shayan, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Hadise Kavandi, Mehrzad Hajialiloo, Kamal Esalat Manesh, Sousan Kolahi
AIM: Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic, inflammatory disease with multisystem involvement. Adherence to treatment is low in chronic diseases as well as inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. This study assessed factors associated with non-adherence to treatment in patients with BD. METHODS: All the patients with BD who visited in the outpatient clinic of Connective Tissue Diseases Research Center in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were included in the study...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623877/5-aminosalicylic-acid-agents-for-prevention-of-recurrent-diverticulitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Seigo Urushidani, Akira Kuriyama, Masami Matsumura
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Prevalence of colonic diverticulosis is increasing worldwide with age, and up to 25% of patients who have colonic diverticulosis might experience diverticulitis. However, a definitive approach of preventing recurrent diverticulitis remains unknown. 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) agents are anti-inflammatory agents and have been used to prevent recurrent diverticulitis, and there have been some randomized, clinical trials (RCTs). However, the efficacy results for secondary prevention in uncomplicated diverticulitis differed across studies...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621325/the-oral-commensal-streptococcus-mitis-activates-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-in-human-oral-epithelial-cells
#7
Stian A Engen, Gro H Rørvik, Olav Schreurs, Inger Js Blix, Karl Schenck
Streptococcus mitis (S. mitis) is a pioneer commensal bacterial species colonizing many of the surfaces of the oral cavity in healthy individuals. Yet, not much information is available regarding its interaction with the host. We used examination of its transcriptional regulation in oral keratinocytes to elucidate some of its potential roles in the oral cavity. Transcription factor analysis of oral keratinocytes predicted S. mitis-mediated activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Activation and functionality of AhR was confirmed through nuclear translocation determined by immunofluorescence microscopy and real-time polymerase chain reaction with reverse transcription analysis of CYP1A1, the hallmark gene for AhR activation...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608554/combination-of-nanotechnology-with-vascular-targeting-agents-for-effective-cancer-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Rana Jahanban-Esfahlan, Khaled Seidi, Behnaz Banimohamad-Shotorbani, Ali Jahanban-Esfahlan, Bahman Yousefi
As a young science, nanotechnology promptly integrated into the current oncology practice. Accordingly, various nanostructure particles were developed to reduce drug toxicity and allow the targeted delivery of various diagnostic and therapeutic compounds to the cancer cells. New sophisticated nanosystems constantly emerge to improve the performance of current anticancer modalities. Targeting tumor vasculature is an attractive strategy to fight cancer. Though the idea was swiftly furthered from basic science to the clinic, targeting tumor vasculature had a limited potential in patients, where tumors relapse due to the development of multiple drug resistance and metastasis...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601055/the-effect-of-lactobacillus-actobacillus-peptidoglycan-on-bovine-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-sensitized-mice-via-tlr2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#9
Ai-Li Li, Yi-Qio Sun, Peng Du, Xiang-Chen Meng, Ling Guo, Shuang Li, Chao Zhang
Our previous study reported that Lactobacillus acidophilus(L.acidophilus)  key laboratory of dairy science  (KLDS) 1.0738 had an effective impact on inhibiting β-lactoglobulin (β-lg) allergy. This study further investigated the anti-allergic activity of peptidoglycan (PGN) isolated from KLDS 1.0738. This study aimed to assess whether toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2)/NF-kappaB (NF-κB) signaling activated by PGN was responsible for reducing allergic inflammation.  Our data showed that administration of  L. acidophilus PGN inhibited IgE production and improved the Treg/Th17 balance toward a Treg response in a mouse model of β-lg allergy...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596285/vitreomacular-adhesion-or-vitreomacular-traction-may-affect-antivascular-endothelium-growth-factor-treatment-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
REVIEW
Ping Xie, Xinhua Zheng, Yingqing Yu, Xiaojian Ye, Zizhong Hu, Dongqing Yuan, Qinghuai Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to determine whether vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) or vitreomacular traction (VMT) has an influence on the outcomes of antivascular endothelium growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in Pubmed.gov, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, SinoMed and ClinicalTrials.gov up to 30 June 2016 to identify eligible studies...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595544/nanocarriers-for-the-treatment-of-tuberculosis
#11
Syed Sarim Imam, Sadaf Jamal Gilani, Abdul Hafeez, Mahfoozur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Nanotechnology is an emerging science with the potential to create new materials and strategies involving manipulation of matter at the nanometer scale. Colloidal drug delivery systems have been extensively investigated as drug carriers for the application of different anti tubercular drugs. METHODS: The different delivery systems like solid lipid nanoparticles and polymeric nanoparticles have been investigated for a long time to treat diseases. There are number of drawbacks in conventional TB dosage forms are the development of multiple drug resistance, resulting intolerable toxicity and high dose requirements...
April 27, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588991/healthcare-use-and-expenditure-for-diabetes-in-bangladesh
#12
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Andreas Lechner, Uta Ferrari, Michael Laxy, Jochen Seissler, Jonathan Brown, Louis W Niessen, Rolf Holle
BACKGROUND: Diabetes imposes a huge social and economic impact on nations. However, information on the costs of treating and managing diabetes in developing countries is limited. The aim of this study was to estimate healthcare use and expenditure for diabetes in Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted a matched case-control study between January and July 2014 among 591 adults with diagnosed diabetes mellitus (DMs) and 591 age-matched, sex-matched and residence-matched persons without diabetes mellitus (non-DMs)...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587666/protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-of-fat-grafting-and-platelet-rich-plasma-for-wound-healing
#13
Oliver J Smith, Muholan Kanapathy, Ankur Khajuria, Max Prokopenko, Nadine Hachach-Haram, Haroon Mann, Ash Mosahebi
BACKGROUND: The use of fat grafting as a reconstructive surgical option is becoming much more common. Adipose-derived stem cells found in fat grafts are believed to facilitate wound healing via differentiation into fibroblasts and keratinocytes and the release of pro-healing growth factors. Several small studies have shown a positive effect of fat grafting in healing of wounds of a variety of aetiologies. When fat is combined with autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP), there may be enhanced healing effects...
June 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584790/ameliorative-effects-of-nilotinib-on-ccl4-induced-liver-fibrosis-via-attenuation-of-rage-hmgb1-gene-expression-and-oxidative-stress-in-rat
#14
Vahid Khanjarsim, Jamshid Karimi, Iraj Khodadadi, Adel Mohammadalipour, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Ghasem Solgi, Mohammad Hashemnia
Nilotinib as a tyrosine kinase inhibitor has been recently used to improve the liver fibrosis process, but the exact mechanisms still require further clarification. In this study, we investigated the anti-fibrotic effects of Nilotinib via RAGE/HMGB1axis and antioxidant mechanisms. This experimental study was performed in the Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from May 2015 to December 2016. Liver fibrosis was induced in Wistar male rats by CCL4. Rats were gavaged daily with Nilotinib (10 mg/kg). RAGE, HMGB1, TNF-α and TGF-β mRNA expression were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR...
May 2017: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580870/application-of-microfluidic-devices-in-studies-of-thrombosis-and-hemostasis
#15
Changjie Zhang, Sriram Neelamegham
Due to the importance of fluid flow during thrombotic episodes, it is quite appropriate to study clotting and bleeding processes in devices that have well-defined fluid shear environments. Two common devices for applying these defined shear stresses include the cone-and-plate viscometer and parallel-plate flow chamber. While such tools have many salient features, they require large amounts of blood or other protein components. With growth in the area of microfluidics over the last two decades, it has become feasible to miniaturize such flow devices...
June 5, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573063/alleviating-promotion-of-inflammation-and-cancer-induced-by-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#16
REVIEW
Anthony M Kyriakopoulos, Markus Nagl, Stella Baliou, Vasilleios Zoumpourlis
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) including aspirin are of intensive use nowadays. These drugs exert their activity via the metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA) by cyclooxygenase inhibition. Though beneficial for health in some instances, both unspecific and specific cyclooxygenase inhibitor activity interfere with AA metabolism producing also proinflammatory lipids that may promote cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review is based on available literature on clinical uses, biochemical investigations, molecular medicine, pharmacology, toxicity, and epidemiology-clinical studies on NSAIDs and other drugs that may be used accordingly, which was collected from electronic (SciFinder, Medline, Science Direct, and ACS among others) and library searches of books and journals...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572048/the-role-of-endothelial-cells-in-the-vasculopathy-of-systemic-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Y Mostmans, M Cutolo, C Giddelo, S Decuman, K Melsens, H Declercq, E Vandecasteele, F De Keyser, O Distler, J Gutermuth, V Smith
INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder characterized by fibroproliferative vasculopathy, immunological abnormalities and progressive fibrosis of multiple organs including the skin. In this study, all English speaking articles concerning the role of endothelial cells (ECs) in SSc vasculopathy and representing biomarkers are systematically reviewed and categorized according to endothelial cell (EC) (dys)function in SSc. METHODS: A sensitive search on behalf of the EULAR study group on microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases was developed in Pubmed, The Cochrane Library and Web of Science to identify articles on SSc vasculopathy and the role of ECs using the following Mesh terms: (systemic sclerosis OR scleroderma) AND pathogenesis AND (endothelial cells OR marker)...
May 29, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571012/challenges-in-modern-anti-doping-analytical-science
#18
Christiane Ayotte, John Miller, Mario Thevis
The challenges facing modern anti-doping analytical science are increasingly complex given the expansion of target drug substances, as the pharmaceutical industry introduces more novel therapeutic compounds and the internet offers designer drugs to improve performance. The technical challenges are manifold, including, for example, the need for advanced instrumentation for greater speed of analyses and increased sensitivity, specific techniques capable of distinguishing between endogenous and exogenous metabolites, or biological assays for the detection of peptide hormones or their markers, all of which require an important investment from the laboratories and recruitment of highly specialized scientific personnel...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567068/serum-enolase-2-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-and-serum-cholesterol-in-smear-positive-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#19
Suhail Ahmed Almani, Tariq Zaffar Shaikh, Haji Khan Khoharo, Ikramuddin Ujjan
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The present study determined the serum human enolase-2 (ENO-2), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and serum cholesterol levels as biological marker of disease activity and treatment response in smear-positive drug-naïve PTB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study was done in the Department of Medicine, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences (LUMHS), Jamshoro/Hyderabad, Sindh, from January 2015 to April 2016...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566083/-a-case-of-coccidioidomycosis-in-turkey-imported-from-the-united-states-of-america
#20
Seniha Başaran, Nilgün Karabıçak, Serap Şimşek Yavuz, Nathan P Wiederhold, Seda Şafak, Aysun Sarıbuğa, Deanna A Sutton, Züleyha Bingöl, Atahan Çağatay, Halit Özsüt, Zeki Kılıçaslan, Haluk Eraksoy
Coccidioidomycosis caused by Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii is a rare infectious disease except in endemic regions. In this report the third documented imported case of coccidioidomycosis in Turkey was presented. A thirty-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital with fever and purulent drainage from his chest tube. He had worked in Arizona, USA, until 4 months before this presentation. While in Arizona, he experienced cough and hemoptysis and was diagnosed as pulmonary coccidioidomycosis...
April 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
keyword
keyword
31300
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"