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Justin B Leaf, Alyne Kassardjian, Misty L Oppenheim-Leaf, Joseph H Cihon, Mitchell Taubman, Ronald Leaf, John McEachin
Today, there are several interventions that can be implemented with individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Most of these interventions have limited to no empirical evidence demonstrating their effectiveness, yet they are widely implemented in home, school, university, and community settings. In 1996, Green wrote a chapter in which she outlined three levels of science: evidence science, pseudoscience, and antiscience; professionals were encouraged to implement and recommend only those procedures that would be considered evidence science...
June 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Elissa N Rodkey
This paper addresses the history of a rhetorical tradition in psychology that made a distinct division between old and new psychology and denigrated the old. The views of James McCosh, a transitional old psychologist and Princeton's president from 1868 to 1888, are analyzed to evaluate the stereotypical view of old psychology as antiscience and dogmatic. The evidence of James McCosh's writings and his actions while president of Princeton suggest the need for a more nuanced interpretation of the relationship between the old and the new...
November 2011: History of Psychology
Arturo Casadevall, Ferric C Fang
Contemporary science has brought about technological advances and an unprecedented understanding of the natural world. However, there are signs of dysfunction in the scientific community as well as threats from diverse antiscience and political forces. Incentives in the current system place scientists under tremendous stress, discourage cooperation, encourage poor scientific practices, and deter new talent from entering the field. It is time for a discussion of how the scientific enterprise can be reformed to become more effective and robust...
March 2012: Infection and Immunity
Lindy A Orthia
Much of the public understanding of science literature dealing with fictional scientists claims that scientist villains by their nature embody an antiscience critique. I characterize this claim and its founding assumptions as the "mad scientist" trope. I show how scientist villain characters from the science fiction television series Doctor Who undermine the trope via the programme's use of rhetorical strategies similar to Gilbert and Mulkay's empiricist and contingent repertoires, which define and patrol the boundaries between "science" and "non-science...
July 2011: Public Understanding of Science
Paul G Auwaerter, Johan S Bakken, Raymond J Dattwyler, J Stephen Dumler, John J Halperin, Edward McSweegan, Robert B Nadelman, Susan O'Connell, Eugene D Shapiro, Sunil K Sood, Allen C Steere, Arthur Weinstein, Gary P Wormser
Advocacy for Lyme disease has become an increasingly important part of an antiscience movement that denies both the viral cause of AIDS and the benefits of vaccines and that supports unproven (sometimes dangerous) alternative medical treatments. Some activists portray Lyme disease, a geographically limited tick-borne infection, as a disease that is insidious, ubiquitous, difficult to diagnose, and almost incurable; they also propose that the disease causes mainly non-specific symptoms that can be treated only with long-term antibiotics and other unorthodox and unvalidated treatments...
September 2011: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Thomas P Weber
Alfred Russel Wallace, eminent naturalist and codiscoverer of the principle of natural selection, was a major participant in the antivaccination campaigns in late 19th-century England. Wallace combined social reformism and quantitative arguments to undermine the claims of provaccinationists and had a major impact on the debate. A brief account of Wallace's background, his role in the campaign, and a summary of his quantitative arguments leads to the conclusion that it is unwarranted to portray Victorian antivaccination campaigners in general as irrational and antiscience...
April 2010: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Michael Shermer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2008: Scientific American
Richard Levins
Critics of the precautionary principle assail it for calling for action before science establishes unquestionably that a substance causes harm. They claim theirs is the viewpoint of the "scientific method." But the conflict is not between science and antiscience but rather between different pathways for science and technology; between a commodified science-for-profit and a gentle science for humane goals; between the sciences of the smallest parts and the sciences of dynamic wholes. This article addresses the social construction of scientific production and the pattern of strengths and weaknesses to which it leads...
2003: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 1965: Science
N E Borlaug
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2000: Plant Physiology
W Sampson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 1996: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
E Ernst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 1995: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
R M Sade
Technical developments in the last ten years have made possible mapping and sequencing of the entire human genome, along with the possibility of treating genetic disorders by manipulating DNA. A variety of issues regarding potential uses and abuses of these technologies have become apparent. They relate to both genetic screening and gene therapy. Problems facing individuals and their families mostly revolve around rights of self-determination and of confidentiality. Health care professionals will need to design optimal systems to provide genetic counseling and to protect confidentiality of DNA data bases...
September 1994: Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology
P Marchais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1974: Annales MĂ©dico-psychologiques
E Ashby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 1971: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character
B D Davis
The promise of somatic cell gene therapy is likely to be limited to a narrow range of monogenic hereditary defects. This therapy raises few moral issues. However, extension to the 'improvement' of a normal trait might raise problems, similar to the use of hormones in sports. Another danger is uses that result, like heroic measures to save the premature newborn, in the prolongation of misery and in intolerable expense. The genetic alteration of germline cells, which can already be accomplished in animals, is in principle applicable to all monogenic diseases...
1990: Ciba Foundation Symposium
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