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K Karatrantou, V Gerodimos, K Häkkinen, A Zafeiridis
Combined strength and aerobic training programs are widely used for improving markers of physical fitness and health. We compared the efficiency of a serial and an integrated combined training program on health and overall fitness in middle-aged females. 54 females (46.7±4.5yrs) were assigned to a serial (SCG) or an integrated (ICG) combined training group or to a control group (CG). The SCG and ICG performed a 3-month training combining aerobic dance and calisthenics. The 2 training programs differ in the sequence of aerobic and strength exercises...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Teoman Aydın, Özgür Taşpınar, M Akif Sarıyıldız, Meryem Güneşer, Yasar Keskin, Nurayet Canbaz, Murat Gök, Adil Camli, Huriye Kiziltan, Ali H Eris
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of calisthenic exercises on functionality, mobility, disaese activity, quality of life, and psychological status in patients with Ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Prospective analysis of forty patients diagnosed with AS were randomized into two exercise groups. AS patients having diagnosis based on 1984-modified New York criteria were involved. Patients were given 8 weeks calisthenic exercise program...
February 19, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Wan-An Lu, Yung-Sheng Chen, Cheng-Deng Kuo
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is known to be a good calisthenics for people. This study examined the relationship between pulse harmonics and autonomic nervous modulation in TCC practitioners. METHODS: Power spectral measures of right pulse wave and heart rate variability (HRV) measures were compared between TCC practitioners and control subjects. Correlation analyses between pulse harmonics and HRV measures were performed using linear regression analysis. RESULTS: At baseline, the total power of pulse (TPp), powers of all individual pulse harmonics, normalized power of the 1(st) harmonics (nPh1) of TCC practitioners were greater, while the normalized power of the 4(th) pulse harmonics (nPh4) of TCC practitioners was smaller, than those of the controls...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Natalie K Garcia, Kelly K Lee
The fusion glycoproteins that decorate the surface of enveloped viruses undergo dramatic conformational changes in the course of engaging with target cells through receptor interactions and during cell entry. These refolding events ultimately drive the fusion of viral and cellular membranes leading to delivery of the genetic cargo. While well-established methods for structure determination such as X-ray crystallography have provided detailed structures of fusion proteins in the pre- and post-fusion fusion states, to understand mechanistically how these fusion glycoproteins perform their structural calisthenics and drive membrane fusion requires new analytical approaches that enable dynamic intermediate states to be probed...
January 2016: Viruses
Neslihan Duruturk, Hulya Arıkan, Gaye Ulubay, Mustafa Agah Tekindal
AIM: To compare the effects of calisthenic and cycle exercises with no exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. METHOD: Forty-seven participants were allocated to either a cycle or calisthenic exercise or control group. Outcome measures, including Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire, pulmonary functions, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, Fitness Testing, and Hospital Anxiety-Depression, Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea, Fatigue Severity, Fatigue Impact Scales, were performed before and after the intervention...
2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Renata P Basso-Vanelli, Valéria A Pires Di Lorenzo, Ivana G Labadessa, Eloisa M G Regueiro, Mauricio Jamami, Evelim L F D Gomes, Dirceu Costa
BACKGROUND: Patients with COPD may experience respiratory muscle weakness. Two therapeutic approaches to the respiratory muscles are inspiratory muscle training and calisthenics-and-breathing exercises. The aims of the study are to compare the effects of inspiratory muscle training and calisthenics-and-breathing exercises associated with physical training in subjects with COPD as an additional benefit of strength and endurance of the inspiratory muscles, thoracoabdominal mobility, physical exercise capacity, and reduction in dyspnea on exertion...
January 2016: Respiratory Care
Martin J Gibala, Patrick J Gagnon, Bradley C Nindl
Militaries from around the globe have predominantly used endurance training as their primary mode of aerobic physical conditioning, with historical emphasis placed on the long distance run. In contrast to this traditional exercise approach to training, interval training is characterized by brief, intermittent bouts of intense exercise, separated by periods of lower intensity exercise or rest for recovery. Although hardly a novel concept, research over the past decade has shed new light on the potency of interval training to elicit physiological adaptations in a time-efficient manner...
November 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
O Taspinar, T Aydın, A Celebi, Y Keskin, S Yavuz, M Guneser, A Camli, M Tosun, N Canbaz, M Gok
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of calisthenic exercises on psychological status in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This study comprised 40 patients diagnosed with AS randomized into two exercise groups (group 1 = hospital-based, group 2 = home-based) and 40 patients diagnosed with MS randomized into two exercise groups (group 1 = hospital-based, group 2 = home-based)...
October 2015: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Renee Desmond, Bradford E Jackson, Gary Hunter
OBJECTIVES: All comprehensive US cancer control plans mention physical activity and implement physical activity promotion objectives as part of these cancer plans. The purpose of this investigation was to describe the physical activities reported by Alabama adults in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BFRSS) and to compare these activities by age group and relative exercise intensity. METHODS: This investigation used data on 6503 respondents from the 2013 BRFSS sample of respondents from Alabama with landline and cellular telephones...
May 2015: Southern Medical Journal
Nicholas H Gist, Eric C Freese, Terence E Ryan, Kirk J Cureton
Our objective was to determine the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) on fitness in Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps cadets. Twenty-six college-aged (20.5 ± 1.7 years) participants completed 4 weeks of exercise training 3 days · wk(-1) consisting of either approximately 60 minutes of typical physical training or HIT whole-body calisthenics involving 4 to 7 sets of 30-second "all out" burpees separated by 4 minutes of active recovery. Several pre- and postintervention fitness variables were compared...
May 2015: Military Medicine
Paulo T V Farinatti, Ercole C Rubini, Elirez B Silva, Jacques H Vanfraechem
Flexibility training responses to distinct stretching techniques are not well defined, especially in the elderly. This study compared the flexibility of elderly individuals before and after having practiced hatha yoga and calisthenics for 1 year (52 weeks), at least 3 times/week. Sixty-six subjects (12 men) measured and assigned to 3 groups: control (n = 24, age = 67.7±6.9 years), hatha yoga (n = 22, age = 61.2±4.8 years), and calisthenics (n = 20, age = 69.0±5.8 years). The maximal range of passive motion of 13 movements in 7 joints was assessed by the Flexitest, comparing the range obtained with standard charts representing each arc of movement on a discontinuous and non-dimensional scale from 0 to 4...
2014: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
S E Carter, M Jones, V F Gladwell
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prolonged sedentary behaviour is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk and decreased energy expenditure (EE). Workplace interventions breaking up sedentary time have increased EE but the cardiovascular responses are unknown. The practicalities of these interventions, such as required costs and workplace adaptations, are questioned. Calisthenics exercises overcome such limitations, but have not been assessed. The aim of this study was to assess the EE and heart rate (HR) response when breaking up sedentary time with a short bout of standing, walking or calisthenics...
May 2015: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Maria A Fiatarone Singh, Nicola Gates, Nidhi Saigal, Guy C Wilson, Jacinda Meiklejohn, Henry Brodaty, Wei Wen, Nalin Singh, Bernhard T Baune, Chao Suo, Michael K Baker, Nasim Foroughi, Yi Wang, Perminder S Sachdev, Michael Valenzuela
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) increases dementia risk with no pharmacologic treatment available. METHODS: The Study of Mental and Resistance Training was a randomized, double-blind, double-sham controlled trial of adults with MCI. Participants were randomized to 2 supervised interventions: active or sham physical training (high intensity progressive resistance training vs seated calisthenics) plus active or sham cognitive training (computerized, multidomain cognitive training vs watching videos/quizzes), 2-3 days/week for 6 months with 18-month follow-up...
December 2014: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Eadric Bressel, Jessica E Wing, Andrew I Miller, Dennis G Dolny
Although aquatic exercise is considered a potentially effective treatment intervention for people with osteoarthritis (OA), previous research has focused primarily on calisthenics in a shallow pool with the inherent limitations on regulating exercise intensity. The purpose of this study was to quantify the efficacy of a 6-week aquatic treadmill exercise program on measures of pain, balance, function, and mobility. Eighteen participants (age = 64.5 ± 10.2 years) with knee OA completed a non-exercise control period followed by a 6-week exercise period...
August 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Nicholas H Gist, Eric C Freese, Kirk J Cureton
The purpose of this study was to compare peak cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and perceptual responses to acute bouts of sprint interval cycling (SIC) and a high-intensity intermittent calisthenics (HIC) protocol consisting of modified "burpees." Eleven (8 men and 3 women) moderately trained, college-aged participants (age = 21.9 ± 2.1, body mass index = 24.8 ± 1.9, V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak = 54.1 ± 5.4 ml·kg·min) completed 4 testing sessions across 9 days with each session separated by 48-72 hours. Using a protocol of 4 repeated bouts of 30-second "all-out" efforts interspersed with 4-minute active recovery periods, responses to SIC and HIC were classified relative to peak values...
November 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
T Aydın, M Akif Sarıyıldız, M Guler, A Celebi, H Seyithanoglu, I Mirzayev, C Peru, E Sezer, I Batmaz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of calisthenic exercises on balance, walking speed, fatigue, quality of life, and psychological status in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients diagnosed with MS were randomized into two exercise groups (group 1 = hospital-based, group 2 = home-based). Outcome measures including the MS International Quality of Life Scale, 10-meter walking test, Berg Balance Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale and the Hospital Anxiety Depression Inventory were assessed at the baseline and at 12-weeks...
2014: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Timm Greulich, Katharina Kehr, Christoph Nell, Janine Koepke, Daniel Haid, Ulrich Koehler, Kay Koehler, Silke Filipovic, Klaus Kenn, Claus Vogelmeier, Andreas-Rembert Koczulla
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary rehabilitation has been demonstrated to improve exercise capacity, dyspnoea, quality of life and to reduce the adverse effects of acute exacerbations. Current guidelines recommend exercise training in patients with mild to very severe disease. However, there is insufficient data comparing the efficacy of different training approaches and intensities. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2012, 105 COPD patients were screened to participate in the study...
2014: Respiratory Research
Zhong-wei Hou, Yun-liang Li, Li-hua Zhang, He Yu, Yan-huan Miao, Xiao-hong Gu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the physiological and psychological effects of Chinese traditional healthcare exercises (CTHE) on the adolescents. METHODS: A total of 136 healthy students of junior school were recruited and randomly divided into the test group (68 cases) and the control group (68 cases). The subjects in the test group practiced CTHE, while those in the control group did "the 8th radio calisthenics", an official recommended calisthenics for promoting healthcare in China, 3 times a week, and 7 weeks practicing overall...
March 2014: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Madeline Weikert, Deirdre Dlugonski, Swathi Balantrapu, Robert W Motl
The promotion of physical activity for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) would benefit from information about the common types of physical activity self-selected by this population. This study examined the most frequent types of physical activity self-reported by a large sample of people with MS. The data were collected as part of the baseline assessment of a longitudinal investigation of physical activity in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). The participants (N = 272) were sent a battery of questionnaires through the US Postal Service that included the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire for assessing types of physical activity performed during the previous year...
2011: International Journal of MS Care
Xiaomeng Xu, Beth A Jerskey, Denise M Cote, Edward G Walsh, Jason J Hassenstab, Maura E Ladino, Uraina S Clark, Donald R Labbe, John J Gunstad, Athena Poppas, Ronald A Cohen, Richard D Hoge, Lawrence H Sweet
Cerebral perfusion is important in older adults as it is linked to cognitive declines. Physical activity can improve blood flow in the body but little is known about the relationship between physical activity and cerebral perfusion in older adults. In particular, no study has investigated the relation between strength training and cerebral perfusion. We examined whether different types of physical activity (assessed with the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity questionnaire) were associated with MRI cerebrovascular perfusion in 59 older adults...
February 7, 2014: Neuroscience Letters
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