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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334788/impact-of-divergent-differentiation-in-urothelial-carcinoma-on-oncological-outcome-in-patients-with-t1-high-grade-bladder-cancer
#1
Nakanori Fujii, Yoshinobu Hoshii, Hiroshi Hirata, Junichi Mori, Kosuke Shimizu, Keita Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Kawai, Ryo Inoue, Yoshiaki Yamamoto, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Nagao, Hideyasu Matsuyama
Objective: T1 high-grade bladder cancer has a poor prognosis compared with other non-muscle-invasive bladder cancers. We investigated the clinical outcomes among patients with T1 high-grade bladder cancer to identify factors related to cancer recurrence and disease progression. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 148 patients who were diagnosed with T1 high-grade bladder cancer by transurethral resection from January 2001 to February 2015 at our institution...
March 8, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333739/updated-review-confirms-potential-risk-of-bladder-cancer-with-pioglitazone
#2
Diane S Aschenbrenner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333147/solute-carrier-family-12-member-5-promotes-tumor-invasion-metastasis-of-bladder-urothelial-carcinoma-by-enhancing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mmp-7-signaling-pathway
#3
J Y Liu, Y B Dai, X Li, K Cao, D Xie, Z T Tong, Z Long, H Xiao, M K Chen, Y L Ye, B Liu, J Tan, J Tang, Z Z Xu, Y Gan, Y H Zhou, F Deng, L Y He
Solute carrier family 12 member 5 (SLC12A5), an integral membrane KCl cotransporter, which maintains chloride homeostasis in neurons, is aberrantly expressed and involved in the tumorigenesis of certain cancers. However, the clinical significance and biological role of SLC12A5 in human bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) remains unclear. In this study, the expression of SLC12A5 was examined in clinical specimens of primary BUC and in BUC cell lines using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
March 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333021/a-phase-1-2-trial-of-a-combination-of-paclitaxel-and-trastuzumab-with-daily-irradiation-or-paclitaxel-alone-with-daily-irradiation-after-transurethral-surgery-for-noncystectomy-candidates-with-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-trial-nrg-oncology-rtog-0524
#4
M Dror Michaelson, Chen Hu, Huong T Pham, Douglas M Dahl, Chin Lee-Wu, Gregory P Swanson, Jacqueline Vuky, R Jeffrey Lee, Luis Souhami, Brian Chang, Asha George, Howard Sandler, William Shipley
PURPOSE: Bladder preservation therapy is an effective treatment for muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma (UC). In this study we treated noncystectomy candidates with daily radiation and weekly paclitaxel for 7 weeks. Patients whose tumors showed her2/neu overexpression were additionally treated with weekly trastuzumab. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Sixty-eight evaluable patients were treated with radiation therapy and either paclitaxel + trastuzumab (group 1) or paclitaxel alone (group 2)...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332983/radical-cystectomy-compared-to-combined-modality-treatment-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Vishal Vashistha, Hanzhang Wang, Andrew Mazzone, Michael A Liss, Robert S Svatek, Mary Schleicher, Dharam Kaushik
PURPOSE: To perform a comprehensive comparison of overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), progression-free survival (PFS), and treatment-related complications between radical cystectomy (RC) and combined modality treatment (CMT-radiation therapy, concurrent chemotherapy, and maximal transurethral resection of bladder tumor) in the setting of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We searched 7 databases (PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Proquest, CINAHL, and ClinicalTrials...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332428/dramatic-impact-of-blood-transfusion-on-cancer-specific-survival-after-radical-cystectomy-irrespective-of-tumor-stage
#6
Alexander Buchner, Tobias Grimm, Birte-Swantje Schneevoigt, Georg Wittmann, Alexander Kretschmer, Friedrich Jokisch, Markus Grabbert, Maria Apfelbeck, Gerald Schulz, Christian Gratzke, Christian G Stief, Alexander Karl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of intraoperative and postoperative blood transfusion on cancer-specific outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up data were collected from 722 patients undergoing radical cystectomy for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) between 2004 and 2014. Median follow-up was 26 months (interquartile range 12-61 months). Outcome was analyzed in relation to the amount of intraoperative and postoperative blood transfusion and different tumor stages...
March 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332134/clinical-characteristics-of-bladder-cancer-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-the-experience-from-a-single-centre
#7
Ralf Böthig, Ines Kurze, Kai Fiebag, Albert Kaufmann, Wolfgang Schöps, Thura Kadhum, Michael Zellner, Klaus Golka
INTRODUCTION: Life expectancy for people with spinal cord injury has shown a marked increase due to modern advances in treatment methods and in neuro-urology. However, since life expectancy of people with paralysis increases, the risk of developing of urinary bladder cancer is gaining importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-centre retrospective evaluation of patient data with spinal cord injuries and proven urinary bladder cancer and summary of the literature...
March 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331343/silencing-trim59-inhibits-invasion-migration-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-via-tgf-%C3%AE-smad2-3-signaling-pathway-in-bladder-cancer-cells
#8
Wei Chen, Kai Zhao, Chenkui Miao, Aiming Xu, Jianzhong Zhang, Jundong Zhu, Shifeng Su, Zengjun Wang
The evolutionarily conserved genes that encode the tripartite motif (TRIM) protein family are involved in various biological processes, including cellular immunity, inflammatory reaction, antiviral activity, and tumor progression. One member of this protein family, Trim59, has been reported as a novel biomarker for the occurrence and progression of multiple human carcinomas, such as lung cancer, gastric cancer, cervical cancer, and osteosarcoma. However, little is known about the relationship between Trim59 and bladder carcinogenesis...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331342/spotlight-on-atezolizumab-and-its-potential-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-urothelial-bladder-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Ahmet Murat Aydin, Solomon L Woldu, Ryan C Hutchinson, Martin Boegemann, Aditya Bagrodia, Yair Lotan, Vitaly Margulis, Laura-Maria Krabbe
Metastatic urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is an aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis, reflecting a lack of effective systemic therapies. The current standard of care includes multiagent platinum-based chemotherapy; however a majority of patients do not respond to treatment and most eventually succumb to disease. Recently, renewed interest in immunotherapy in the form of immune-checkpoint inhibition has gained widespread attention for a number of malignancies. Atezolizumab, an anti-PDL1 antibody, has been shown to be effective in a subset of patients previously treated with or unfit for platinum-based chemotherapy, and has shown durable responses with a good tolerability profile...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330811/association-between-twelve-polymorphisms-in-five-x-ray-repair-cross-complementing-genes-and-the-risk-of-urological-neoplasms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Meng Zhang, Wanzhen Li, Zongyao Hao, Jun Zhou, Li Zhang, Chaozhao Liang
Polymorphisms in X-ray repair cross-complementing (XRCC) genes have been implicated in altering the risk of various urological cancers. However, the results of reported studies are controversial. To ascertain whether polymorphisms in XRCC genes are associated with the risk of urological neoplasms, we conducted present updated meta-analysis and systematic review. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the association. Finally, 54 publications comprising 129 case-control studies for twelve polymorphisms in five XRCC genes were enrolled...
March 9, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329636/correlation-between-cancer-incidences-and-google-searches-in-the-united-states
#11
Mackenzie R Wehner, Kevin T Nead, Eleni Linos
IntroductionDespite being highly prevalent, keratinocyte carcinomas (basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas lack nationwide registries. Internet search data has emerged as a new method to evaluate previously difficult to quantify public health outcomes and may be useful in keratinocyte carcinoma research.ObjectiveWe aimed to evaluate whether Google search density correlated with known incidences of common cancers in the United States.MethodsWe used the Center for Disease Control's National Program of Cancer Registries ageTadjusted cancer incidences (2008T2012 ...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328187/radical-cystectomy-is-the-best-choice-for-most-patients-with-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-opinion-no
#12
EDITORIAL
Timur Mitin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328186/radical-cystectomy-is-the-best-choice-for-most-patients-with-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-opinion-yes
#13
EDITORIAL
Leonardo L Monteiro, Wassim Kassouf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327458/nfatc1-expression-as-a-prognosticator-in-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-upper-urinary-tract
#14
Takashi Kawahara, Satoshi Inoue, Kazutoshi Fujita, Taichi Mizushima, Hiroki Ide, Seiji Yamaguchi, Hiroaki Fushimi, Norio Nonomura, Hiroshi Miyamoto
We recently found that NFATc1, a member of the NFAT family and a key regulator of the immune response, could induce bladder carcinogenesis and cancer progression. In this study, we immunohistochemically stained for NFATc1 in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC) specimens and paired nonneoplastic urothelial tissues. NFATc1 was positive in 51 [52%; 40 (40%) weak (1+), 9 (9%) moderate (2+), and 2 (2%) strong (3+)] of 99 UUTUCs, which was significantly higher than in benign urothelium [30 (36%) of 83; 28 (34%) weak and 2 (2%) moderate] (0 vs 1+/2+/3+, P=...
March 16, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326794/urothelial-tumors-and-dual-band-imaging-a-new-concept-in-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy
#15
Arnaud Marien, Aurélien Rock, Khaled El Maadarani, Catherine Francois, Pierre Gosset, Brigitte Mauroy, Jean-Louis Bonnal
OBJECTIVES: Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) uses a low-energy laser light source to obtain microscopic histology images of bladder tissue exposed to a fluorescent dye. To evaluate the feasibility of using CLE with two fluorophores: fluorescein (FLUO) and hexylaminolevulinate (HAL) to determine histologic and cytologic bladder cancer criteria. METHODS: Patients eligible for HAL-photodynamic diagnosis-assisted transurethral resection of bladder tumor were included...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326624/current-status-of-clinical-trials-assessing-oncolytic-virus-therapy-for-urological-cancers
#16
REVIEW
Satoru Taguchi, Hiroshi Fukuhara, Yukio Homma, Tomoki Todo
Oncolytic virus therapy has recently been recognized as a promising new option for cancer treatment. Oncolytic viruses replicate selectively in cancer cells, thus killing them without harming normal cells. Notably, T-VEC (talimogene laherparepvec, formerly called OncoVEX(GM)(-)(CSF) ), an oncolytic herpes simplex virus type 1, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of inoperable melanoma in October 2015, and was subsequently approved in Europe and Australia in 2016. The efficacies of many types of oncolytic viruses against urological cancers have been investigated in preclinical studies during the past decade, and some have already been tested in clinical trials...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326433/application-of-electronic-algorithms-to-improve-diagnostic-evaluation-for-bladder-cancer
#17
Daniel R Murphy, Ashley N D Meyer, Viralkumar Vaghani, Elise Russo, Dean F Sittig, Kyle A Richards, Li Wei, Louis Wu, Hardeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Strategies to ensure timely diagnostic evaluation of hematuria are needed to reduce delays in bladder cancer diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of electronic trigger algorithms to detect delays in hematuria follow-up. METHODS: We developed a computerized trigger to detect delayed follow-up action on a urinalysis result with high-grade hematuria (>50 red blood cells/high powered field). The trigger scanned clinical data within a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) national data repository to identify all patient records with hematuria, then excluded those where follow-up was unnecessary (e...
March 22, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325943/a-parameterized-model-for-mean-urinary-inflow-rate-and-its-preliminary-application-in-radiotherapy-for-cervical-cancer
#18
Fu Jin, Huan-Li Luo, Juan Zhou, Ding-Yi Yang, Li Yin, Xiao-Qing Yang, Ya-Nan He, Xian-Feng Liu, Da Qiu, Ming-Song Zhong, Han Yang, Chao Li, Qi-Cheng Li, Guang-Lei He, Ying Wang
Forty-nine patients with stage IIb cervical cancer were included to investigate the changes in bladder volume in response to different approaches to maintaining consistent bladder filling. The impacts of age (P age), water consumption (P wat ), and body mass index (BMI, P bmi ) on the mean urinary inflow rate (v tot ) were analysed. The bladder volume (BV) increased linearly over time. A large variation in v tot among individuals was observed, ranging from 0.19 to 5.13 ml/min. The v tot was correlated with P age (R = -0...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325826/a-phase-ii-randomized-double-blind-presurgical-trial-of-polyphenon-e-in-bladder-cancer-patients-to-evaluate-pharmacodynamics-and-bladder-tissue-biomarkers
#19
Jason R Gee, Daniel R Saltzstein, KyungMann Kim, Jill M Kolesar, Wei Huang, Thomas C Havighurst, Barbara W Wollmer, Jeanne Stublaski, Tracy Downs, Hasan Mukhtar, Margaret House, Howard L Parnes, Howard H Bailey
We performed a phase 2 pharmacodynamic, prevention trial of Polyphenon E® (a green tea polyphenol formulation primarily consisting of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)) in patients prior to bladder cancer surgery. Patients with a bladder tumor were randomized to receive Polyphenon E® containing either 800 or 1200 mg of EGCG or placebo for 14 to 28 days prior to TURBT or cystectomy. The primary objective was to compare the post-intervention EGCG tissue levels in patients receiving Polyphenon E® as compared to placebo...
March 21, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325721/carcinosarcoma-of-the-bladder-following-local-schistosomiasis-infection
#20
Victor Srougi, Fabio P Gallucci, Romulo L Mattedi, Miguel Srougi
A young patient from central Africa presented acute renal insufficiency due to extrinsic compression of the distal ureters by a pelvic mass. After initial medical management, a biopsy revealed poorly differentiated bladder cancer and Schistosoma haematobium eggs embedded in the bladder wall. The initial workup showed evidence of locoregional disease. Radical cystectomy with an incontinent urinary diversion was performed with no complications. Carcinosarcoma of the bladder was diagnosed by pathological analysis of the surgical specimen...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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