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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679824/extended-producer-responsibility-and-corporate-performance-effects-of-environmental-regulation-and-environmental-strategy
#1
Benhong Peng, Yu Tu, Ehsan Elahi, Guo Wei
While contemporary manufacturing technologies stimulate the industrial revolution and promote the rapidly changing global economy, it has caused enormous environmental negative externalities and managing the industrial waste remains a primary challenge, especially for fast developing countries such as China. Though existing studies explored the influence of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) legislations on environmental externalities, only fewer researches aimed at policy issues. Particularly, the relationship among environmental regulations, environmental strategies and corporate performance in the EPR system has not been deeply investigated...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679446/salt-is-not-only-sodium-how-extracellular-fluid-volume-homeostasis-depends-on-chloride-recovery-by-the-kidneys
#2
EDITORIAL
Boye L Jensen
The Acta Physiologica Prize winners Grill et al.1 address a fundamental issue in renal and circulatory physiology, namely how the kidneys accomplish maintenance of extracellular fluid volume (ECV) by conservation of the freely filtered solutes Na+ and Cl-. In an elegant comprehensive investigation in mice, they show that the chloride channel ClC-K2 is necessary for ECV homeostasis. The study sheds light on how the human kidneys regain 20 moles or 0.5 kg of chloride ions per day. Maintenance of ECV is essential for effective circulating volume, constant perfusion pressure and adequate organ perfusion...
April 20, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679186/impact-of-an-additional-right-pulmonary-vein-on-second-generation-cryoballoon-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-propensity-matched-score-study
#3
Ken Takarada, Erwin Ströker, Juan-Pablo Abugattas, Valentina de Regibus, Hugo-Enrique Coutiño, Ian Lusoc, Lucio Capulzini, Juan Sieira, Giacomo Mugnai, Francesca Salghetti, Rajin Choudhury, Saverio Iacopino, Carlo de Asmundis, Pedro Brugada, Gian-Battista Chierchia
PURPOSE: Cryoballoon (CB) technology in the context of anatomical pulmonary vein (PV) variants might hypothetically hamper successful PV isolation (PVI). Our aim was to assess the impact of a right middle PV (RMPV) in the setting of second-generation cryoballoon (CB advance-CB-A), on procedural parameters and on mid-term follow-up. METHODS: Consecutive patients with AF presenting RMPV (RMPV+) at the pre-procedural computed tomography who underwent PVI by CB-A were enrolled...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677694/3s-systematic-systemic-and-systems-biology-and-toxicology
#4
Lena Smirnova, Nicole Kleinstreuer, Raffaella Corvi, Andre Levchenko, Suzanne C Fitzpatrick, Thomas Hartung
A biological system is more than the sum of its parts - it accomplishes many functions via synergy. Deconstructing the system down to the molecular mechanism level necessitates the complement of reconstructing functions on all levels, i.e., in our conceptualization of biology and its perturbations, our experimental models and computer modelling. Toxicology contains the somewhat arbitrary subclass "systemic toxicities"; however, there is no relevant toxic insult or general disease that is not systemic...
2018: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675777/inhibition-of-p16-ink4a-to-rejuvenate-aging-human-cardiac-progenitor-cells-via-the-upregulation-of-anti-oxidant-and-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signal-pathways
#5
Roshni V Khatiwala, Shuning Zhang, Xiuchun Li, Neil Devejian, Edward Bennett, Chuanxi Cai
Autologous human cardiac stem/progenitor cell (hCPC) therapy is a promising treatment that has come into use in recent years for patients with cardiomyopathy. Though innovative in theory, a major hindrance to the practical application of this treatment is that the hCPCs of elderly patients, who are most susceptible to myocardial disease, are senescent and prone to cell death. Rejuvenating hCPCs from elderly patients may help overcome this obstacle, and can be accomplished by reversing entry into the cellular stage of senescence...
April 19, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675392/efficacy-of-iontophoresis-assisted-epithelium-on-corneal-cross-linking-for-keratoconus
#6
REVIEW
Hong-Zhen Jia, Xiu-Jun Peng
Corneal cross-linking (CXL) is a noninvasive therapeutic procedure for keratoconus that is aimed at improving corneal biomechanical properties by induction of covalent cross-links between stromal proteins. It is accomplished by ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation of the cornea, which is first saturated with photosensitizing riboflavin. It has been shown that standard epithelium-off CXL (S-CXL) is efficacious, and it has been recommended as the standard of care procedure for keratoconus. However, epithelial removal leads to pain, transient vision loss, and a higher risk of corneal infection...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674969/-in-vitro-functional-characterization-of-get73-as-possible-negative-allosteric-modulator-of-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-5
#7
Sarah Beggiato, Andrea C Borelli, Maria C Tomasini, M Paola Castelli, Nicholas Pintori, Roberto Cacciaglia, Antonella Loche, Luca Ferraro
The present study was aimed to further characterize the pharmacological profile of N-[4-(trifluoromethyl) benzyl]-4-methoxybutyramide (GET73), a putative negative allosteric modulator (NAM) of metabotropic glutamate subtype 5 receptor (mGluR5) under development as a novel medication for the treatment of alcohol dependence. This aim has been accomplished by means of a series of in vitro functional assays. These assays include the measure of several down-stream signaling [intracellular Ca++ levels, inositol phosphate (IP) formation and CREB phosphorylation (pCREB)] which are generally affected by mGluR5 ligands...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674798/switching-of-antihypertensive-drugs-at-tertiary-care-government-hospital-hyderabad-india-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-investigation
#8
Varsha Varakantham, Ashok Kumar Kurakula Sailoo, Venkaiah Kodali, Dinesh Kumar Bharatraj
OBJECTIVE: Switching of antihypertensive drugs is attributed to uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) which imposes a great burden on health economics. But again, switching leads to accomplishment of the goal BP, thereby improving the health status. Such studies are well documented in developed nations but rarely reported in developing countries, especially in India. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate various factors associated with switching of antihypertensive drugs. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective investigation was performed using a standardized schedule adapting the World Health Organization indicators for drug utilization in a tertiary care government hospital, Hyderabad, India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673994/hydrochars-from-bamboo-sawdust-through-acid-assisted-and-two-stage-hydrothermal-carbonization-for-removal-of-two-organics-from-aqueous-solution
#9
Yin Li, Arun Meas, Shengdao Shan, Ruiqin Yang, Xikun Gai, Hongpeng Wang, Nyamkhand Tsend
A series of bamboo hydrochars were prepared through acid-assisted and two-stage hydrothermal carbonization, characterized and evaluated for the adsorption of Congo red and 2-naphthol in aqueous solutions. The hydrochars have rough surfaces with BET surface areas of 6.77-57.74 m2 /g and oxygen-rich functional groups. The additives in feed water revealed critical influences on the physical-chemical and adsorption properties of the hydrochars. The hydrochars can adsorb the two organics effectively, the highest adsorption capacities for Congo red and 2-naphthol are 90...
March 31, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673655/diffusion-of-nitric-oxide-and-oxygen-in-lipoproteins-and-membranes-studied-by-pyrene-fluorescence-quenching
#10
REVIEW
Matías N Möller, Ana Denicola
Oxygen and nitric oxide are small hydrophobic molecules that usually need to diffuse a considerable distance to accomplish their biological functions and necessarily need to traverse several lipid membranes. Different methods have been used to study the diffusion of these molecules in membranes and herein we focus in the quenching of fluorescence of pyrenes inserted in the membrane. The pyrene derivatives have long fluorescence lifetimes (around 200 ns) that make them very sensitive to fluorescence quenching by nitric oxide, oxygen and other paramagnetic species...
April 16, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671824/convergence-in-sleep-time-accomplished-gender-gap-in-sleep-time-for-middle-aged-adults-in-korea
#11
Seung-Eun Cha, Ki-Soo Eun
Although the gender gap in sleep time has narrowed significantly in the last decade, middle-aged women between ages 35 and 60 still sleep less than their male counterparts in Korea. This study examines and provides evidence for factors contributing to the gender gap in this age group. Using Korean Time Use Survey (KTUS) data from 2004, 2009 and 2014, we find that middle-aged women’s difficulty in managing work-life balance and traditional role expectations placed upon women are the main causes of the gender gap in sleep time...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670989/evaluation-of-the-perception-of-clinical-competencies-by-nursing-students-in-the-different-clinical-settings-an-observational-study
#12
I Notarnicola, A Stievano, A Pulimeno, L Iacorossi, A Petrizzo, F Gambalunga, G Rocco, C Petrucci, L Lancia
INTRODUCTION: The university educational sphere has many dilemmas. The question of sufficient knowledge and skills for students to acquire abilities to provide care in different clinical setting is one important dilemma. AIM: To measure the level of competencies by nursing students and its application in different clinical environments. METHODS: Nursing students of two Italian universities participated in the research. Data collection took place April to July 2015 using the Nurse Competence Scale...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670499/measurement-invariance-of-the-internet-gaming-disorder-scale-short-form-igds9-sf-between-australia-the-usa-and-the-uk
#13
Vasileios Stavropoulos, Charlotte Beard, Mark D Griffiths, Tyrone Buleigh, Rapson Gomez, Halley M Pontes
The Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short-Form (IGDS9-SF) is widely used to assess Internet Gaming Disorder behaviors. Investigating cultural limitations and implications in its applicability is imperative. One way to evaluate the cross-cultural feasibility of the measure is through measurement invariance analysis. The present study used Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis (MGCFA) to examine the IGDS9-SF measurement invariance across gamers from Australia, the United States of America (USA), and the United Kingdom (UK)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669617/does-a-modified-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-course-have-the-potential-to-reduce-stress-and-burnout-in-nhs-gps-feasibility-study
#14
Kate Hamilton-West, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Neil Pillai
AimTo explore, for the first time, whether a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) course has the potential to reduce stress and burnout among National Health Service (NHS) General Practitioners. BACKGROUND: There is a crisis of low morale among NHS GPs, with most describing their workload as 'unmanageable'. MBCT has been demonstrated to improve stress and burnout in other populations, but has not yet been evaluated in a cohort of NHS GPs. METHODS: NHS GPs in South East England (n=22) attended a modified version of the MBCT course approved by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for prevention of depressive relapse...
April 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669090/improving-physical-therapy-pain-care-quality-and-cost-through-effectiveness-implementation-research
#15
Chris Joyce, Michael Schneider, Joel M Stevans, Jason M Beneciuk
The variability and delay in utilizing evidence in clinical practice are barriers to improving care, quality, and cost in health care, as charged by the "triple aim" framework. Scientific research provides an avenue not only to further the field of pain research, but also to study and change the patterns and processes that drive systemic and individual clinical practices. Implementation science is an emerging field that can be integrated with more traditional effectiveness research to accomplish a combination of aims within the same study...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668794/a-review-of-the-quaternary-scelidotheriinae-mammalia-xenarthra-tardigrada-from-the-tarija-padcaya-basin-bolivia
#16
Ángel R Miño-Boilini, Alfredo A Carlini, Alfredo E Zurita, Esteban Soibelzon, Santiago M Rodríguez-Bualó
The Mylodontidae Scelidotheriinae (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Tardigrada) are a diversified clade of South American fossil ground sloths, with a wide geographic distribution, especially in high and middle latitudes. According to the last revision, the Quaternary diversity includes the genera Scelidotherium, Catonyx, and Valgipes. The clade Scelidotheriinae is well represented in the Pleistocene of the Tarija-Padcaya basin, and the first mention of these ground sloths correspond to the middle of the XIX Century. Since then, several species (i...
April 16, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668511/cosmetic-surgeon-representation-ensuring-board-certification-transparency-and-patient-awareness
#17
Oren Tessler, Lynn Bourn, Samuel J Lin, Charles Dupin, Gerhard S Mundinger, Charles Patterson, Hugo St Hilaire, Matthew Bartow, Radbeh Torabi, Michael Hanemann
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that patients preferred plastic surgeons over cosmetic surgeons for surgical procedures, but few knew that any physician with a medical degree was legally qualified to perform cosmetic surgery. Results also indicated that a primary consideration for patients in selecting a surgeon was board certification. Although patient preferences concerning aesthetic surgery have previously been surveyed, no study examined a consumer's ability delineate between specialties based on Web sites...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668452/can-wearable-devices-accurately-measure-heart-rate-variability-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Konstantinos Georgiou, Andreas V Larentzakis, Nehal N Khamis, Ghadah I Alsuhaibani, Yasser A Alaska, Elias J Giallafos
BACKGROUND: A growing number of wearable devices claim to provide accurate, cheap and easily applicable heart rate variability (HRV) indices. This is mainly accomplished by using wearable photoplethysmography (PPG) and/or electrocardiography (ECG), through simple and non-invasive techniques, as a substitute of the gold standard RR interval estimation through electrocardiogram. Although the agreement between pulse rate variability (PRV) and HRV has been evaluated in the literature, the reported results are still inconclusive especially when using wearable devices...
March 1, 2018: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668344/phenotypic-plasticity-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-is-crucial-for-mesangial-repair-in-a-model-of-immunoglobulin-light-chain-associated-mesangial-damage
#19
Guillermo A Herrera, Jiamin Teng, Chun Zeng, Hongzhi Xu, Man Liang, J Steven Alexander, Bing Liu, Chris Boyer, Elba A Turbat-Herrera
Mesangiopathies produced by glomerulopathic monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains (GLCs) acting on the glomerular mesangium produce two characteristic lesions: AL-amyloidosis (AL-Am) and light chain deposition disease (LCDD). In both cases, the pathology is centered in the mesangium, where initial and progressive damage occurs. In AL-Am the mesangial matrix is destroyed and replaced by amyloid fibrils and in LCDD, the mesangial matrix is increased and remodeled. The collagen IV rich matrix is replaced by tenascin...
April 18, 2018: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666946/pharmaceutical-products-as-emerging-contaminant-in-water-relevance-for-developing-nations-and-identification-of-critical-compounds-for-indian-environment
#20
Prakash Chinnaiyan, Santosh G Thampi, Mathava Kumar, K M Mini
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are contaminants of emerging concern and have been detected worldwide in water bodies in trace concentrations. Most of these emerging contaminants are not regulated in water quality standards except a few in the developed countries. In the case of developing countries, research in this direction is at a nascent stage. For the effective management of Pharmaceutical contaminants (PC) in developing countries, the relevance of PCs as an emerging contaminant has to be analyzed followed by regular monitoring of the environment...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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