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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660176/the-role-of-radiotherapy-as-salvage-and-or-consolidation-treatment-in-relapsed-refractory-and-high-risk-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#1
Eric Grignano, Jérémy Laurent, Bénédicte Deau, Barbara Burroni, Didier Bouscary, Youlia M Kirova
OBJECTIVE: Many salvage therapies have been proposed for relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphomas or for consolidation in the case of suboptimal response. Radiotherapy (RT) is one modality of salvage therapy, but its place is currently not well defined. METHOD: This paper reports a retrospective review of patients receiving unplanned radiotherapy for R/R diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL), or as consolidation therapy after second line chemotherapy, treated in our hospital...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650302/raystation-external-beam-treatment-planning-system
#2
Dayna Bodensteiner
RaySearch Laboratories is a world leader in the field of advanced software and creator of the RayStation treatment planning system for radiation therapy. The aim with RayStation is to deliver an unmatched user experience and leading functionality. Unique features described here include multiatlas based autosegmentation for contouring, deformable registration with 2 different algorithms, multicriteria optimization, Plan Explorer, fallback planning, ultrafast computation speed, and 4-dimensional (4D) adaptive radiation therapy...
April 9, 2018: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618353/efficacy-of-virtual-block-objects-in-reducing-the-lung-dose-in-helical-tomotherapy-planning-for-cervical-oesophageal-cancer-a-planning-study
#3
Makoto Ito, Hidetoshi Shimizu, Takahiro Aoyama, Hiroyuki Tachibana, Natsuo Tomita, Chiyoko Makita, Yutaro Koide, Daiki Kato, Tsuneo Ishiguchi, Takeshi Kodaira
BACKGROUND: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy is useful for cervical oesophageal carcinoma (CEC); however, increasing low-dose exposure to the lung may lead to radiation pneumonitis. Nevertheless, an irradiation technique that avoids the lungs has never been examined due to the high difficulty of dose optimization. In this study, we examined the efficacy of helical tomotherapy that can restrict beamlets passing virtual blocks during dose optimization computing (block plan) in reducing the lung dose...
April 4, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607173/dosimetric-comparison-of-helical-tomotherapy-and-conventional-linac-based-x-knife-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-primary-lung-cancer-or-pulmonary-metastases
#4
Shuangshuang Li, Ju Yang, Juan Liu, Shanbao Gao, Baorui Liu, Jing Yan
Background: To compare helical tomotherapy (HT) with X-knife stereotactic body radiation therapy (HT-SBRT/X-SBRT) for primary or metastatic lung cancer regarding planning target volume (PTV) coverage, such as homogeneity index (HI), conformity index (CI) and dose-volume histogram (DVH) of organs at risk (OARs). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 21 patients receiving definitive radiation treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or pulmonary metastases at our institution between March 2015 and October 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599376/effectiveness-and-safety-of-tissue-expander-for-adjuvant-helical-tomotherapy-in-curatively-resected-retroperitoneal-sarcoma
#5
Jeong Il Yu, DO Hoon Lim, Hee Chul Park, Sang Hoon Jung, Seong Jin Jeon, Heerim Nam, Bokyoung Kim, Sung-Joo Kim, Jae Berm Park
BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the effectiveness and safety of using a tissue expander (TE) for adjuvant helical tomotherapy (HT) for curatively resected retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted with 60 RPS patients who underwent curative resection with or without TE insertion followed by HT from June 2009 to December 2016. Among the patients, TE was inserted in 37 (61.7%). The quality of TE insertion was evaluated. Median follow-up after surgery was 19...
April 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580934/3d-treatment-planning-on-helical-tomotherapy-delivery-system
#6
REVIEW
Cheng B Saw, Leah Katz, Carol Gillette, Lawrence Koutcher
The helical tomotherapy is a technologically advanced radiation dose delivery system designed to perform intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). It is mechanistically unique, based on a small 6-MV linear accelerator mounted on a ring gantry that rotates around the patient while the patient moves through a bore, ultimately yielding a helical path of radiation dose delivery. The helical pattern of dose delivery differentiated tomotherapy from other contemporary radiation therapy systems at the time of its inception...
March 23, 2018: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565652/effectiveness-of-tomotherapy-vs-linear-sccelerator-image-guided-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-localized-pharyngeal-cancer-treated-with-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-a-taiwanese-population-based-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#7
Yao-Ching Wang, Chia-Chin Li, Chun-Ru Chien
OBJECTIVE: This study used a population-based propensity score (PS)-matched analysis to compare the effectiveness of tomotherapy-based image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (referred to as T-IMRT) with that of linear accelerator based (referred to as L-IMRT) for clinically localized pharyngeal cancer (LPC, divided into nasopharyngeal cancer and non-nasopharyngeal cancer) with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: Eligible LPC patients diagnosed between 2007 and 2014 were identified among all citizens in Taiwan from the Health and Welfare Data Science Center database...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505510/efficacy-and-safety-of-image-guidance-radiotherapy-by-helical-tomotherapy-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#8
Xiang-Ru Chen, Jia-Nan Dong, Fan Zhang, Tian-Ling Yao
This study aimed to explore the efficacy and toxicity of image-guided stereotactic body radiotherapy (IGSBR) by helical tomotherapy in patients with lung cancer among Chinese Han population.A total of 21 patients with stage I lung cancer were included. They received a total of 60 Gy factions IGSBR. The outcomes included complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), progress disease (PD), overall response rate (ORR), and overall survival (OS). In addition, toxicities were also recorded in this study...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483041/a-dosimetric-comparison-of-breast-radiotherapy-techniques-to-treat-locoregional-lymph-nodes-including-the-internal-mammary-chain
#9
A Ranger, A Dunlop, K Hutchinson, H Convery, M K Maclennan, H Chantler, N Twyman, C Rose, D McQuaid, R A Amos, C Griffin, N M deSouza, E Donovan, E Harris, C E Coles, A Kirby
AIMS: Radiotherapy target volumes in early breast cancer treatment increasingly include the internal mammary chain (IMC). In order to maximise survival benefits of IMC radiotherapy, doses to the heart and lung should be minimised. This dosimetry study compared the ability of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, arc therapy and proton beam therapy (PBT) techniques with and without breath-hold to achieve target volume constraints while minimising dose to organs at risk (OARs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 14 patients' datasets, seven IMC radiotherapy techniques were compared: wide tangent (WT) three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and PBT, each in voluntary deep inspiratory breath-hold (vDIBH) and free breathing (FB), and tomotherapy in FB only...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482775/total-body-irradiation-in-allogeneic-bone-marrow-transplantation-conditioning-regimens-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Adrien Paix, Delphine Antoni, Waisse Waissi, Marie-Pierre Ledoux, Karin Bilger, Luc Fornecker, Georges Noel
Hematologic malignancies may require, at one point during their treatment, allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Total body irradiation combined with chemotherapy or radiomimetic used in allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is known to be very toxic. Total body irradiation (TBI) induces immunosuppression to prevent the rejection of donor marrow. TBI is also used to eradicate malignant cells and is in sanctuary organs that are not reached by chemotherapy drugs. TBI has evolved since its introduction in the late fifties, but acute and late toxicities remain...
March 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474098/comparing-four-radiotherapy-techniques-for-treating-the-chest-wall-plus-levels-iii-iv-draining-nodes-after-breast-reconstruction
#11
Valentina Lancellotta, Martina Iacco, Elisabetta Perrucci, Lorenzo Falcinelli, Claudio Zucchetti, Berardino de Bari, Simonetta Saldi, Cynthia Aristei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the dosimetric outcomes of four radiotherapy (RT) techniques for treating the chest wall plus draining nodes after mastectomy and breast reconstruction. METHODS: Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT), linac-based intensity modulated radiotherapy, helical tomotherapy (HT) and direct tomotherapy (DT) treatments were planned for 40 breast cancer patients. Dose prescription was 50 Gy. Plans were compared in terms of doses to the planning target volume, organs at risk (OARs) and the homogeneity index (HI)...
February 23, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468678/image-guidance-doses-delivered-during-radiotherapy-quantification-management-and-reduction-report-of-the-aapm-therapy-physics-committee-task-group-180
#12
George X Ding, Parham Alaei, Bruce Curran, Ryan Flynn, Michael Gossman, T Rock Mackie, Moyed Miften, Richard Morin, X George Xu, Timothy C Zhu
With radiotherapy having entered the era of image guidance, or image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT), imaging procedures are routinely performed for patient positioning and target localization. The imaging dose delivered may result in excessive dose to sensitive organs and potentially increase the chance of secondary cancers and, therefore, needs to be managed. This task group was charged with: a) providing an overview on imaging dose, including megavoltage electronic portal imaging (MV EPI), kilovoltage digital radiography (kV DR), Tomotherapy MV-CT, megavoltage cone-beam CT (MV-CBCT) and kilovoltage cone-beam CT (kV-CBCT), and b) providing general guidelines for commissioning dose calculation methods and managing imaging dose to patients...
February 22, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455424/hypo-fractionated-stereotactic-radiation-therapy-for-lung-malignancies-by-means-of-helical-tomotherapy-report-of-feasibility-by-a-single-center-experience
#13
Vanessa Figlia, Rosario Mazzola, Francesco Cuccia, Filippo Alongi, Gianluca Mortellaro, Daniela Cespuglio, Teresa Cucchiara, Giuseppina Iacoviello, Vito Valenti, Massimo Molino, Francesco Verderame, Domenica Matranga, Antonio Lo Casto, Giuseppe Ferrera
BACKGROUND: Several experiences in the literature report SBRT as an effective treatment option for medically inoperable early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and oligometastatic disease. The optimal fractionation schedules and total dose remain controversial. In this study, we evaluated the safety in terms of toxicity and efficacy of using of 8-10 fractions schedules with Helical Tomotherapy (HT) for primary and metastatic lung lesions. METHODS: Between March 2014 and May 2016, a total of 39 patients (median age 72 years, range 26-91) were treated with HT-SBRT for malignant lung lesions: 22 patients with early stage NSCLC, 17 with oligometastases...
February 17, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452865/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-multiple-brain-metastases-results-of-multicenter-benchmark-planning-studies
#14
David J Eaton, Jonathan Lee, Ian Paddick
PURPOSE: Stereotactic radiosurgery is indicated for treatment of multiple brain metastases. Various treatment platforms are available, but most comparisons are limited to single-center studies. As part of a national commissioning program, benchmark planning cases were completed by 21 clinical centers, providing a unique dataset of current practice across a large number of providers and equipment platforms. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Two brain metastases cases were provided, with images and structures predrawn, involving 3 and 7 lesions...
December 30, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442173/hypofractionated-postmastectomy-radiotherapy-with-helical-tomotherapy-in-patients-with-immediate-breast-reconstruction-dosimetric-results-and-acute-intermediate-toxicity-evaluation
#15
Roberto Orecchia, Damaris Patricia Rojas, Federica Cattani, Rosalinda Ricotti, Luigi Santoro, Anna Morra, Raffaella Cambria, Rosa Luraschi, Samantha Dicuonzo, Sara Ronchi, Alessia Surgo, Veronica Dell' Acqua, Paolo Veronesi, Francesca De Lorenzi, Cristiana Fodor, Maria Cristina Leonardi, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the dosimetry and toxicity of hypofractionation in postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in breast cancer (BC) patients. Stage II-III BC patients with implant-based immediate breast reconstruction received PMRT to the chest wall (CW) and to the infra/supraclavicular nodal region (NR) using a 15-fraction schedule (2.67 Gy/fraction) and helical IMRT (Tomotherapy®System, Accuray Incorporated, Sunnyvale, CA). A score was assigned to each treatment plan in terms of planning target volume (PTV) coverage of CW and NR and the sparing of the organs at risk (OARs)...
February 13, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441419/modern-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-with-image-guidance-allows-low-toxicity-rates-and-good-local-control-in-chemoradiotherapy-for-anal-cancer-patients
#16
Berardino De Bari, Laëtitia Lestrade, Alessandra Franzetti-Pellanda, Raphael Jumeau, Maira Biggiogero, Melpomeni Kountouri, Oscar Matzinger, Raymond Miralbell, Jean Bourhis, Mahmut Ozsahin, Thomas Zilli
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of a population of anal cancer patients treated with modern intensity-modulated radiotherapy and daily image-guided radiotherapy techniques. METHODS: We analyzed data of 155 patients consecutively treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy +/- chemotherapy in three radiotherapy departments. One hundred twenty-two patients presented a stage II-IIIA disease. Chemotherapy was administered in 138 patients, mainly using mitomycin C and 5-fluorouracil (n = 81)...
April 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427312/evaluation-of-surface-and-shallow-depth-dose-reductions-using-a-superflab-bolus-during-conventional-and-advanced-external-beam-radiotherapy
#17
Jihyung Yoon, Yibo Xie, Rui Zhang
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a methodology to reduce scatter and leakage radiations to patients' surface and shallow depths during conventional and advanced external beam radiotherapy. Superflab boluses of different thicknesses were placed on top of a stack of solid water phantoms, and the bolus effect on surface and shallow depth doses for both open and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) beams was evaluated using thermoluminescent dosimeters and ion chamber measurements. Contralateral breast dose reduction caused by the bolus was evaluated by delivering clinical postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) plans to an anthropomorphic phantom...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417728/comparison-of-four-techniques-for-spine-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-dosimetric-and-efficiency-analysis
#18
Saif Aljabab, Balamurugan Vellayappan, Eric Vandervoort, Jamie Bahm, Robert Zohr, John Sinclair, Jean-Michel Caudrelier, Janos Szanto, Shawn Malone
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the dosimetric differences between four techniques for spine stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT): CyberKnife (CK), volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), and helical tomotherapy (HT) with dynamic jaws (HT-D) and fixed jaws (HT-F). MATERIALS/METHODS: Data from 10 patients were utilized. All patients were planned for 24 Gy in two fractions, with the primary objectives being: (a) restricting the maximum dose to the cord to ≤ 17 Gy and/or cauda equina to ≤ 20 Gy, and (b) to maximize the clinical target volume (CTV) to receive the prescribed dose...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413852/abstract-id-222-clinical-implementation-of-a-monte-carlo-based-qa-platform-for-validation-of-tomotherapy-and-cyberknife-treatment-plans
#19
Antoine Wagner, Younes Jourani, Frederic Crop, Thomas Lacornerie, François Dubus, Erwann Rault, Pauline Comte, Julien Laffarguette, Thierry Sarrazin, Nick Reynaert
INTRODUCTION: This work describes the clinical implementation of a Monte Carlo based platform for treatment plan validation for Tomotherapy and Cyberknife, including a semi-automatic plan evaluation module based on dose constraints for organs-at-risk (OAR). METHODS: The Monte Carlo-based platform Moderato [1] is based on BEAMnrc/DOSXYZnrc and allows for automated re-calculation of doses planned with Tomotherapy and Cyberknife techniques. The Prescription/Validation module generates a set of dose constraints based on the anatomical region and fractionation scheme considered...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405307/feasibility-of-real-time-motion-management-with-helical-tomotherapy
#20
Eric Schnarr, Matt Beneke, Dylan Casey, Edward Chao, Jonathan Chappelow, Andrea Cox, Doug Henderson, Petr Jordan, Etienne Lessard, Dan Lucas, Andriy Myronenko, Calvin Maurer
PURPOSE: This study investigates the potential application of image-based motion tracking and real-time motion correction to a helical tomotherapy system. METHODS: A kV X ray imaging system was added to a helical tomotherapy system, mounted 90 degrees offset from the MV treatment beam, and an optical camera system was mounted above the foot of the couch. This experimental system tracks target motion by acquiring an X ray image every few seconds during gantry rotation...
February 5, 2018: Medical Physics
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