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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818321/influence-of-computed-tomography-contrast-agent-on-radiotherapy-dose-calculation-for-pancreatic-carcinoma-a-dosimetric-study-based-on-tomotherapy-and-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-techniques
#1
Feng Zhu, Weizhang Wu, Fuhai Zhu, Yong Wang, Yingjie Wang, Tingyi Xia
The main purpose of our investigation was to quantify the dosimetric influence of intravenous contrast agent for pancreatic cancer radiotherapy treatment. This study focused on complex modulated irradiation techniques of tomotherapy (TOMO) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) to investigate if novel conformal treatment methods could reduce the influence of contrast agent. In our study, patients with pancreatic cancer were enrolled to have 2 computed tomography (CT) scans in the same position without and with intravenous contrast agent for treatment planning...
August 14, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797719/influence-of-tumor-location-on-the-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-plan-of-helical-tomotherapy
#2
Yingjie Xu, Hui Yan, Zhihui Hu, Pan Ma, Kuo Men, Peng Huang, Wenting Ren, Jianrong Dai, Yexiong Li
Given the design of the Helical TomoTherapy device, the patient's central axis is routinely aligned with the machine's rotational axis to prevent the patient's body from colliding with the machine walls. However, for treatment of tumors located away from the patient's central axis, this position may not be optimal as the adequate radiation dose may not reach the affected site. Our study aimed to investigate the influence of tumor location on dose quality and delivery efficiency of tomotherapy plans. A phantom and 15 patients were selected for this study...
August 7, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793907/risk-adapted-dose-intensified-postoperative-radiation-therapy-in-prostate-cancer-patients-using-a-simultaneous-integrated-boost-technique-applied-with-helical-tomotherapy
#3
Marcus Beck, Peter Wust, Tomasz Barelkowski, David Kaul, Alexander-Henry Thieme, Sascha Wecker, Waldemar Wlodarczyk, Volker Budach, Pirus Ghadjar
BACKGROUND: Postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy (ART) in T3 and R1 prostate cancer as well as salvage radiation therapy (SRT) in case of postoperative biochemical failure (BF) are established treatments. Dose-intensified postoperative radiation therapy (RT) schemes have shown superior biochemical control accompanied by increased toxicity rates. In our study we evaluate a novel risk adapted dose-intensified postoperative RT scheme. METHODS: A consecutive series of prostate cancer patients receiving postoperative RT after radical prostatectomy using helical Tomotherapy between 04/2012 and 04/2015 was analyzed retrospectively...
August 10, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780318/detecting-anomalies-in-a-deliberately-biased-tomotherapy-plan-comparison-of-two-patient-specific-quality-assurance-processes-involving-arccheck-%C3%A2-and-gafchromic-%C3%A2-ebt3-films
#4
F Werlé, N Dehaynin, C Niederst, D Jarnet, M Gantier, D Karamanoukian, P Meyer
PURPOSE: This work proposes a comparative evaluation of two of our patient-specific quality assurance processes involving ArcCHECK(®) (Sun Nuclear) and Gafchromic(®) EBT3 films (Ashland) in order to determine which detector is able to most effectively detect an anomaly in a deliberately biased tomotherapy plan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A complex clinical head and neck tomotherapy plan was deliberately biased by introducing six errors: multileaf collimator leaf positional errors by leaving one and two central leafs closed during the whole treatment, initial radiation angle errors (+0...
August 2, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771143/equivalent-uniform-square-field-sizes-of-flattening-filter-free-photon-beams
#5
Wolfgang Lechner, Peter Kuess, Dietmar Georg, Hugo Palmans
Various types of treatment units such as CyberKnife, TomoTherapy and C-arm linear accelerators (LINACs) are operated using flattening filter free (FFF) photon beams. Their reference dosimetry, however, is currently based on codes of practice that provide data which were primarily developed and tested for high-energy photon beams with flattering filter (WFF). The aim of this work was to introduce equivalent uniform square field sizes of FFF beams to serve as a basis of a unified reference dosimetry procedure applicable to all aforementioned FFF machines...
August 3, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755425/accuracy-of-eight-deformable-image-registration-dir-methods-for-tomotherapy-megavoltage-computed-tomography-mvct-images
#6
Wannapha Nobnop, Hudsaleark Neamin, Imjai Chitapanarux, Somsak Wanwilairat, Vicharn Lorvidhaya, Taweap Sanghangthum
INTRODUCTION: The application of deformable image registration (DIR) to megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) images benefits adaptive radiotherapy. This study aims to quantify the accuracy of DIR for MVCT images when using different deformation methods assessed in a cubic phantom and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. METHODS: In the control studies, the DIR accuracy in air-tissue and tissue-tissue interface areas was observed using twelve shapes of acrylic and tissue-equivalent material inserted in the phantom...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737014/clinical-implementation-of-an-exit-detector-based-dose-reconstruction-tool-for-helical-tomotherapy-delivery-quality-assurance
#7
Shrikant Deshpande, Aitang Xing, Peter Metcalfe, Lois Holloway, Philip Vial, Mark Geurts
PURPOSE: To validate the accuracy of an exit detector based dose reconstruction tool for Helical Tomotherapy (HT) delivery quality assurance (DQA). METHODS AND MATERIAL: Exit detector based DQA tool was developed for patient specific HT treatment verification. The tool performs a dose reconstruction on the planning image using the sinogram measured by the HT exit detector with no objects in the beam (i.e. static couch), and compares the reconstructed dose to the planned dose...
July 24, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733115/dose-distribution-characteristic-study-of-the-rotating-gamma-knife-rgk-by-using-the-geometry-analytic-method
#8
Fen Chen, Jun-Wen Shi, Zhao-Sheng Yin, Ying Peng, Yee-Min Jen, Jia-Ming Wu
The purpose of this study was to realize the processing of dose distribution of RGK at the treatment isocenter at any gantry rotational angle by using an analytic geometry method to avoid inadequate arc therapy angles when implementing the treatment plan. Gaf chromic film was used for dose evaluation. A calibration curve was first obtained using linear accelerator irradiation. The 50% dose relative to the central axis at fixed gantry angles at the x-, y- and z-axes was obtained using Gaf chromic film and was compared to the analytic geometry method...
July 18, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730740/statistical-process-control-and-verifying-positional-accuracy-of-a-cobra-motion-couch-using-step-wedge-quality-assurance-tool
#9
Diana Binny, Craig M Lancaster, Jamie V Trapp, Scott B Crowe
This study utilizes process control techniques to identify action limits for TomoTherapy couch positioning quality assurance tests. A test was introduced to monitor accuracy of the applied couch offset detection in the TomoTherapy Hi-Art treatment system using the TQA "Step-Wedge Helical" module and MVCT detector. Individual X-charts, process capability (cp), probability (P), and acceptability (cpk) indices were used to monitor a 4-year couch IEC offset data to detect systematic and random errors in the couch positional accuracy for different action levels...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711186/megavoltage-2d-topographic-imaging-an-attractive-alternative-to-megavoltage-ct-for-the-localization-of-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-tomodirect
#10
Philippe Meyer, Fabien Le Pennec, Susanta K Hui, Nicolas Dehaynin, Delphine Jarnet, Matthieu Gantier, Claudine Niederst, Christophe Mazzara, Etienne Baudrier, Vincent Noblet
PURPOSE: To show the usefulness of topographic 2D megavoltage images (MV2D) for the localization of breast cancer patients treated with TomoDirect (TD), a radiotherapy treatment technique with fixed-angle beams performed on a TomoTherapy system. METHODS: A method was developed to quickly localize breast cancer patients treated with TD by registering the MV2D images produced before a TD treatment with reference images reconstructed from a kilovoltage CT simulation scanner and by using the projection of the beam-eye-view TD treatment field...
July 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707988/first-clinical-report-of-helical-tomotherapy-with-simultaneous-integrated-boost-for-synchronous-bilateral-breast-cancer
#11
Tabassum Wadasadawala, Shanu Jain, Siji Paul, Reena Phurailatpam, Kishore Joshi, Palak Popat, Sandip Tandon, Aruna Alahari, Rajiv Sarin
OBJECTIVE: Radiotherapy for synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC) is technically very challenging. This study reports the clinical feasibility, dosimetry and safety of helical tomotherapy (HT) with simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) in patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy for SBBC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty one women with SBBC treated with HT from January 2013 to June 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. Radiation lung toxicity was assessed using pulmonary function test (PFT) and high resolution computerized tomography scan (HRCT) scan at baseline and 1 year post RT in 18 patients...
July 14, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693911/-technique-of-complex-mammary-irradiation-mono-isocentric-3d-conformational-radiotherapy-and-helical-tomotherapy
#12
B Vandendorpe, P Guilbert, C Champagne, T Antoni, T D Nguyen, N Gaillot-Petit, S Servagi Vernat
PURPOSE: To evaluate the dosimetric contribution of helical tomotherapy for breast cancers compared with conformal radiotherapy in mono-isocentric technique. PATIENTS AND METHOD: For 23 patients, the dosimetric results in mono-isocentric 3D conformational radiotherapy did not satisfy the constraints either of target volumes nor organs at risk. A prospective dosimetric comparison between mono-isocentric 3D conformational radiotherapy and helical tomotherapy was therefore carried out...
July 7, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693823/feasibility-of-hippocampal-avoidance-radiotherapy-for-glioblastoma
#13
K Thippu Jayaprakash, K Wildschut, R Jena
With improvements in survival for good performance status patients and in specific molecular subtypes of glioblastoma, some patients will survive to develop significant neurocognitive dysfunction. This retrospective planning study quantified hippocampal radiation doses in patients with glioblastoma receiving radical chemo-radiotherapy and compared this with the radiation doses that showed clinical correlation with neurocognitive dysfunction, and evaluated the potential for clinically meaningful hippocampal dose reduction using helical TomoTherapy(®)...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681450/-the-optimization-of-superficial-planning-target-volumes-ptvs-with-helical-tomotherapy-jacmp-15-6-2014
#14
M Ashburner, G S Tudor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662849/use-of-an-in-house-monte-carlo-platform-to-assess-the-clinical-impact-of-algorithm-related-dose-differences-on-dvh-constraints
#15
A Wagner, F Crop, X Mirabel, C Tailly, N Reynaert
PURPOSE: The aim of the present work is to evaluate a semi-automatic prescription and validation system of treatment plans for complex delivery techniques, integrated in a Monte Carlo platform, and to investigate the clinical impact of dose differences due to the calculation algorithms, by assessing the changes in DVH constraints. METHODS: A new prescription module was implemented into the Moderato system, an in-house Monte Carlo platform, with corresponding dose constraints generated depending on the anatomical region and fractionation scheme considered...
June 26, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643730/an-overview-on-small-field-dosimetry-in-photon-beam-radiotherapy-developments-and-challenges
#16
REVIEW
Hamed Bagheri, Azadeh Soleimani, Nahideh Gharehaghaji, Asghar Mesbahi, Farhad Manouchehri, Babak Shekarchi, Banafsheh Dormanesh, Habib Alah Dadgar
Small fields are more repeatedly used for radiation therapy as small segments in intensity-modulated radiotherapy or as in the form of independent fields in stereotactic radiosurgery and other novel equipment such as cyberknife and tomotherapy. Nevertheless, the application of small fields for radiotherapy of lung makes the dose calculation and planning inaccurate due to the existence of electronic disequilibrium and intrinsic deficiencies within most of the analytical dose calculation algorithms. The current review attempts to gather the information in this regard and focuses on the current progresses and retaining issues associated with this type of photon beams...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619289/validation-of-a-method-for-dose-of-the-day-calculation-in-head-neck-tomotherapy-by-using-planning-ct-to-mvct-deformable-image-registration
#17
M Branchini, C Fiorino, I Dell'Oca, M L Belli, L Perna, N Di Muzio, R Calandrino, S Broggi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and dosimetric accuracy of a method that employs planning CT-to-MVCT deformable image registration (DIR) for calculation of the daily dose for head and neck (HN) patients treated with Helical Tomotherapy (HT). METHODS: For each patient, the planning kVCT (CTplan) was deformably registered to the MVCT acquired at the 15th therapy session (MV15) with a B-Spline Free Form algorithm using Mattes mutual information (open-source software 3D Slicer), resulting in a deformed CT (CTdef)...
July 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610691/radiological-properties-of-3d-printed-materials-in-kilovoltage-and-megavoltage-photon-beams
#18
O L Dancewicz, S R Sylvander, T S Markwell, S B Crowe, J V Trapp
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the radiological properties of different 3D printing materials for a range of photon energies, including kV and MV CT imaging and MV radiotherapy beams. METHODS: The CT values of a number of materials were measured on an Aquilion One CT scanner at 80kVp, 120kVp and a Tomotherapy Hi Art MVCT imaging beam. Attenuation of the materials in a 6MV radiotherapy beam was investigated. RESULTS: Plastic filaments printed with various infill densities have CT values of -743±4, -580±1 and -113±3 in 120kVp CT images which approximate the CT values of low-density lung, high-density lung and soft tissue respectively...
June 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610690/investigating-output-and-energy-variations-and-their-relationship-to-delivery-qa-results-using-statistical-process-control-for-helical-tomotherapy
#19
Diana Binny, Emilio Mezzenga, Craig M Lancaster, Jamie V Trapp, Tanya Kairn, Scott B Crowe
The aims of this study were to investigate machine beam parameters using the TomoTherapy quality assurance (TQA) tool, establish a correlation to patient delivery quality assurance results and to evaluate the relationship between energy variations detected using different TQA modules. TQA daily measurement results from two treatment machines for periods of up to 4years were acquired. Analyses of beam quality, helical and static output variations were made. Variations from planned dose were also analysed using Statistical Process Control (SPC) technique and their relationship to output trends were studied...
June 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580762/static-beam-tomotherapy-as-an-optimisation-method-in-whole-breast-radiation-therapy-wbrt
#20
Matthew Squires, Yunfei Hu, Mikel Byrne, Ben Archibald-Heeren, Sonja Cheers, Bruno Bosco, Amy Teh, Andrew Fong
INTRODUCTION: TomoTherapy (Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA) has recently introduced a static form of tomotherapy: TomoDirect™ (TD). This study aimed to evaluate TD against a contemporary intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) alternative through comparison of target and organ at risk (OAR) doses in breast cancer cases. A secondary objective was to evaluate planning efficiency by measuring optimisation times. METHODS: Treatment plans of 27 whole-breast radiation therapy (WBRT) patients optimised with a tangential hybrid IMRT technique were replanned using TD...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
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