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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524257/the-efficacy-of-early-language-intervention-in-mainstream-school-settings-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Silke Fricke, Kelly Burgoyne, Claudine Bowyer-Crane, Maria Kyriacou, Alexandra Zosimidou, Liam Maxwell, Arne Lervåg, Margaret J Snowling, Charles Hulme
BACKGROUND: Oral language skills are a critical foundation for literacy and more generally for educational success. The current study shows that oral language skills can be improved by providing suitable additional help to children with language difficulties in the early stages of formal education. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 394 children in England, comparing a 30-week oral language intervention programme starting in nursery (N = 132) with a 20-week version of the same programme starting in Reception (N = 133)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514238/the-influence-of-maternal-pragmatics-on-the-language-skills-of-children-with-autism
#2
Yael S Stern, Nell Maltman, Megan Y Roberts
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between mothers' pragmatics and child language in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and non-ASD language delay (LD) mother-child dyads. METHODS: Participants consisted of 20 dyads of mothers and their toddlers aged 24 to 48 months, with ASD (n = 10) or non-ASD LD (n = 10). Groups were matched on child chronological age, language, and cognition. Maternal pragmatic language was qualified based on the degree of pragmatic violations during a semistructured interview, and was examined in relation to both child language, as measured by the Preschool Language Scale-4 and maternal use of language facilitation strategies during play...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512436/transition-to-kindergarten-negative-associations-between-the-emotional-availability-in-mother-child-relationships-and-elevated-cortisol-levels-in-children-with-an-immigrant-background
#3
Constanze Rickmeyer, Judith Lebiger-Vogel, Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber
Background: The transition to child care is a challenging time in a child's life and leads to elevated levels of cortisol. These elevations may be influenced by the quality of the mother-child relationship. However, remarkably little is known about cortisol production in response to the beginning of child care among children-at-risk such as children with an immigrant background. However, attending kindergarten or any other child day-care institution can for example have a compensating effect on potential language deficits thus improving the educational opportunities of these children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500860/interventions-for-preventing-silent-cerebral-infarcts-in-people-with-sickle-cell-disease
#4
REVIEW
Lise J Estcourt, Patricia M Fortin, Sally Hopewell, Marialena Trivella, Carolyn Doree, Miguel R Abboud
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the commonest severe monogenic disorders in the world, due to the inheritance of two abnormal haemoglobin (beta globin) genes. SCD can cause severe pain, significant end-organ damage, pulmonary complications, and premature death. Silent cerebral infarcts are the commonest neurological complication in children and probably adults with SCD. Silent cerebral infarcts also affect academic performance, increase cognitive deficits and may lower intelligence quotient...
May 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498576/a-critique-of-the-ultra-high-risk-and-transition-paradigm
#5
Jim van Os, Sinan Guloksuz
The transdiagnostic expression of psychotic experiences in common mental disorder (anxiety/depression/substance use disorder) is associated with a poorer prognosis, and a small minority of people may indeed develop a clinical picture that meets criteria for schizophrenia. However, it appears neither useful nor valid to observe early states of multidimensional psychopathology in young people through the "schizo"-prism, and apply misleadingly simple, unnecessary and inefficient binary concepts of "risk" and "transition"...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495146/neonatal-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-infarction-size-is-associated-with-long-term-language-outcomes
#6
Kristen L Benninger, Lynne Ruess, Laurel A Slaughter, Nathalie L Maitre, Jerome A Rusin
BACKGROUND: The vein of Labbé is a superficial cortical vein, which drains the lateral surface of the temporal lobe. Thrombosis of the vein of Labbé can occur in the neonatal period. The developmental outcomes of infants who had vein of Labbé thrombosis are unknown as few studies of outcomes exist. METHODS: We completed a retrospective review of infants born ≥34 weeks of gestation, diagnosed with vein of Labbé thrombosis, and/or infarction on neuroimaging during the first 30 days of life...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489968/tailoring-multicomponent-writing-interventions-effects-of-coupling-self-regulation-and-transcription-training
#7
Teresa Limpo, Rui A Alves
Writing proficiency is heavily based on acquisition and development of self-regulation and transcription skills. The present study examined the effects of combining transcription training with a self-regulation intervention (self-regulated strategy development [SRSD]) in Grade 2 (ages 7-8). Forty-three students receiving self-regulation plus transcription (SRSD+TR) intervention were compared with 37 students receiving a self-regulation only (SRSD only) intervention and 39 students receiving the standard language arts curriculum...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489962/development-and-validation-of-a-screening-procedure-to-identify-speech-language-delay-in-toddlers-with-cleft-palate
#8
Line Dahl Jørgensen, Elisabeth Willadsen
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a clinically useful speech-language screening procedure for young children with cleft palate ± cleft lip (CP) to identify those in need of speech-language intervention. Twenty-two children with CP were assigned to a +/- need for intervention conditions based on assessment of consonant inventory using a real-time listening procedure in combination with parent-reported expressive vocabulary. These measures allowed evaluation of early speech-language skills found to correlate significantly with later speech-language performance in longitudinal studies of children with CP...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484666/hearing-and-balance-disorders-in-the-state-of-hawai-i-demographics-and-demand-for-services
#9
Mohsin Ahmed M Shaikh, James W Hall, Cindy McManus, Henry L Lew
Hearing and balance disorders affect people of all ages. Among children, hearing loss affects speech and language development, academic performance, and psychosocial development. Hearing loss in adults negatively impacts work productivity, cognitive function, and psychosocial status. Prevalence of hearing loss in children in Hawai'i is higher than the national average. Research indicates that hearing loss is a prevalent condition among veterans and advanced age adults. This is of particular concern in Hawai'i as the state is home to many military training facilities and has a large elderly population...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480176/undiagnosed-diabetes-mellitus-and-related-factors-in-east-gojjam-nw-ethiopia-in-2016-a-community-based-study
#10
Amsalu Taye Wondemagegn, Habtamu Mellie Bizuayehu, Dagninet Derebe Abie, Getachew Mengistu Ayalneh, Tenaw Yimer Tiruye, Mequanint Taddele Tessema
INTRODUCTION: Currently, diabetes is the second most common non-communicable disease (NCD) in Ethiopia. Its burden is 4.8% in this country, even though three quarter of its population live with undiagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM), which causes complications like heart failure, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves damages. Early detection of DM is vital for a timely intervention to prevent these life threatening complications. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed DM and related factors in East Gojjam, North West Ethiopia, in 2016...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475679/oral-language-and-listening-comprehension-same-or-different-constructs
#11
(no author information available yet)
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to add to our understanding of the dimensionality of oral language in children and to determine whether oral language and listening comprehension are separate constructs in children enrolled in preschool (PK) through 3rd grade. Method: In the spring of the school year, children from 4 states (N = 1,869) completed multiple measures of oral language (i.e., expressive and receptive vocabulary and grammar) and listening comprehension as part of a larger study of the language bases of reading comprehension...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470696/complete-versus-culprit-only-revascularisation-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-with-multi-vessel-disease
#12
REVIEW
Claudio A Bravo, Sameer A Hirji, Deepak L Bhatt, Rachna Kataria, David P Faxon, E Magnus Ohman, Kevin L Anderson, Akil I Sidi, Michael H Sketch, Stuart W Zarich, Asishana A Osho, Christian Gluud, Henning Kelbæk, Thomas Engstrøm, Dan Eik Høfsten, James M Brennan
BACKGROUND: Multi-vessel coronary disease in people with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is common and is associated with worse prognosis after STEMI. Based on limited evidence, international guidelines recommend intervention on only the culprit vessel during STEMI. This, in turn, leaves other significantly stenosed coronary arteries for medical therapy or revascularisation based on inducible ischaemia on provocative testing. Newer data suggest that intervention on both the culprit and non-culprit stenotic coronary arteries (complete intervention) may yield better results compared with culprit-only intervention...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469537/rituximab-for-treatment-of-refractory-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-in-a-pediatric-patient
#13
Sarah Hallowell, Esli Tebedge, Margaret Oates, Elizabeth Hand
Anti-N-methyl d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is a devastating disease that is increasingly being identified in both children and adults with psychosis, language disturbances, behavioral changes, and motor deficits. Currently no consensus guidelines exist for the optimal management of patients with this disease, although intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) therapy is often considered first-line pharmacotherapy. We present a case of an otherwise healthy 4 year-old-child who presented with seizures, loss of age-appropriate language skills, and behavioral changes, in whom anti-NMDAR was subsequently diagnosed...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436053/measuring-family-centred-practices-of-professionals-in-early-intervention-services-in-taiwan
#14
L-J Kang, R J Palisano, R J Simeonsson, A-W Hwang
BACKGROUND: Family-centred practices emphasize professional supports for forming partnerships with families in early intervention. The Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) measures the perceptions of paediatric service providers in supporting children and families. This study aimed to establish reliability of the Chinese version of the MPOC-SP (C-MPOC-SP) and to examine professional perceptions of family-centred practices in relation to professional discipline and years of experience...
April 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429816/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-promoting-caregiver-contingent-talk-on-language-development-in-infants-from-diverse-socioeconomic-status-backgrounds
#15
Michelle McGillion, Julian M Pine, Jane S Herbert, Danielle Matthews
BACKGROUND: Early language skills are critical for later academic success. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) children tend to start school with limited language skills compared to advantaged peers. We test the hypothesis that this is due in part to differences in caregiver contingent talk during infancy (how often the caregiver talks about what is in the focus of the infant's attention). METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial with high and low SES families, 142 11-month olds and their caregivers were randomly allocated to either a contingent talk intervention or a dental health control...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418261/preschool-children-s-communication-motor-and-social-development-parents-and-educators-concerns
#16
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Jane McCormack, Paul White, Yvonne Wren, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: During early childhood, it is important to identify which children require intervention before they face the increased demands of school. This study aimed to: (1) compare parents' and educators' concerns, (2) examine inter-rater reliability between parents' and educators' concerns and (3) determine the group difference between level of concern and children's performance on clinical testing. METHOD: Parents and educators of 1205 4- to 5-year-old children in the Sound Start Study completed the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407233/language-disorder-and-retrospectively-reported-sexual-abuse-of-girls-severity-and-disclosure
#17
E B Brownlie, Eva Graham, Lin Bao, Emiko Koyama, Joseph H Beitchman
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence for an association between communication disorders and maltreatment, little research has examined sexual abuse characteristics or disclosure experiences among individuals with language disorder (LD). Given that communication difficulties may constitute a barrier to disclosure, the disclosure experiences among individuals with and without communication difficulties may also differ. METHODS: Five-year-old children identified with a language and/or speech disorder from a nonclinical community sample and a control group were followed to adulthood in a prospective longitudinal study...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406660/maternal-pre-and-postnatal-mental-health-and-infant-development-in-war-conditions-the-gaza-infant-study
#18
Raija-Leena Punamäki, Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Saija Kuittinen, Samir R Qouta
OBJECTIVE: Women and their infants need special protection in war context, as traumatic events can risk maternal mental and obstetric health and compromise infant development. This prospective study examined, first, how exposure to war trauma is associated with maternal mental health in pregnancy and postpartum, obstetric and newborn health, and infant development. Second, it tested the role of maternal mental health and obstetric risks in mediating between war trauma and infant development...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393740/precursors-to-language-development-in-typically-and-atypically-developing-infants-and-toddlers-the-importance-of-embracing-complexity
#19
Dean D'Souza, Hana D'Souza, Annette Karmiloff-Smith
In order to understand how language abilities emerge in typically and atypically developing infants and toddlers, it is important to embrace complexity in development. In this paper, we describe evidence that early language development is an experience-dependent process, shaped by diverse, interconnected, interdependent developmental mechanisms, processes, and abilities (e.g. statistical learning, sampling, functional specialization, visual attention, social interaction, motor ability). We also present evidence from our studies on neurodevelopmental disorders (e...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393350/randomised-trial-of-a-parent-mediated-intervention-for-infants-at-high-risk-for-autism-longitudinal-outcomes-to-age-3%C3%A2-years
#20
J Green, A Pickles, G Pasco, R Bedford, M W Wan, M Elsabbagh, V Slonims, T Gliga, E J H Jones, C H M Cheung, T Charman, M H Johnson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in the potential for pre-emptive interventions in the prodrome of autism, but little investigation as to their effect. METHODS: A two-site, two-arm assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a 12-session parent-mediated social communication intervention delivered between 9 and 14 months of age (Intervention in the British Autism Study of Infant Siblings-Video Interaction for Promoting Positive Parenting), against no intervention...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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