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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203249/autism-spectrum-disorder-detection-from-semi-structured-and-unstructured-medical-data
#1
Jianbo Yuan, Chester Holtz, Tristram Smith, Jiebo Luo
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that significantly impairs patients' ability to perform normal social interaction and communication. Moreover, the diagnosis procedure of ASD is highly time-consuming, labor-intensive, and requires extensive expertise. Although there exists no known cure for ASD, there is consensus among clinicians regarding the importance of early intervention for the recovery of ASD patients. Therefore, to benefit autism patients by enhancing their access to treatments such as early intervention, we aim to develop a robust machine learning-based system for autism detection by using Natural Language Processing techniques based on information extracted from medical forms of potential ASD patients...
December 2017: EURASIP Journal on Bioinformatics & Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195749/restorative-thresholds-for-carious-lesions
#2
N P T Innes, F Schwendicke
Current evidence supports noninvasive/nonrestorative treatment of "early" carious lesions: those confined to enamel or reaching the enamel-dentin junction. The extent that dentists' thresholds for intervening restoratively have changed with this evidence is unknown. This systematic review aimed to determine dentists' and therapists' current lesion threshold for carrying our restorative interventions in adults/children and primary/permanent teeth. Embase, Medline via PubMed, and Web of Science were searched for observational studies, without language, time, or quality restrictions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185268/interventions-for-raising-breast-cancer-awareness-in-women
#3
REVIEW
Máirín O'Mahony, Harry Comber, Tony Fitzgerald, Mark A Corrigan, Eileen Fitzgerald, Elizabeth A Grunfeld, Maura G Flynn, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer continues to be the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women globally. Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer are key to better outcomes. Since many women will discover a breast cancer symptom themselves, it is important that they are breast cancer aware i.e. have the knowledge, skills and confidence to detect breast changes and present promptly to a healthcare professional. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of interventions for raising breast cancer awareness in women...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181042/should-we-change-targets-and-methods-of-early-intervention-in-autism-in-favor-of-a-strengths-based-education
#4
Laurent Mottron
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) and its recent variant, naturalist developmental behavioral intervention (NDBI) aim to increase socialization and communication, and to decrease repetitive and challenging behaviors in preschool age autistic children. These behaviorist techniques are based on the precocity and intensity of the intervention, face-to-face interaction, errorless learning, and information fragmentation. Once considered to be "scientifically proven", the efficacy of these approaches has been called into question in the last decade due to poor-quality data, small effects, low cost-efficiency, and the evolution of ethical and societal standards...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167313/prosociality-from-early-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-individuals-with-a-history-of-language-impairment
#5
Umar Toseeb, Andrew Pickles, Kevin Durkin, Nicola Botting, Gina Conti-Ramsden
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal research into the development of prosociality contributes vitally to understanding of individual differences in psychosocial outcomes. Most of the research to date has been concerned with prosocial behaviour in typically developing young people; much less has been directed to the course of development in individuals with developmental disorders. AIMS: This study reports a longitudinal investigation of prosocial behaviour in young people with language impairment (LI), and compares trajectories of development to typically developing age-matched peers (AMPs)...
February 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167003/visual-speech-alters-the-discrimination-and-identification-of-non-intact-auditory-speech-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#6
Susan Jerger, Markus F Damian, Rachel P McAlpine, Hervé Abdi
OBJECTIVES: Understanding spoken language is an audiovisual event that depends critically on the ability to discriminate and identify phonemes yet we have little evidence about the role of early auditory experience and visual speech on the development of these fundamental perceptual skills. Objectives of this research were to determine 1) how visual speech influences phoneme discrimination and identification; 2) whether visual speech influences these two processes in a like manner, such that discrimination predicts identification; and 3) how the degree of hearing loss affects this relationship...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155305/culturally-sensitive-adaptation-of-the-concept-of-relational-communication-therapy-as-a-support-to-language-development-an-exploratory-study-in-collaboration-with-a-tanzanian-orphanage
#7
Ulrike Schütte
BACKGROUND: Orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) who grow up in institutional care often show communication and language problems. The caregivers lack training, and there are few language didactics programmes aimed at supporting communication and language development in OVC in institutional care in Tanzania. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to adapt the German concept of relational communication therapy (RCT) as a support to language development in a Tanzanian early childhood education context in a culturally sensitive way...
November 7, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152611/effects-of-the-abc-intervention-on-foster-children-s-receptive-vocabulary
#8
Kristin Bernard, Amy Hyoeun Lee, Mary Dozier
Children with histories of maltreatment and disruptions in care are at elevated risk for impairments in early language development, which contribute to difficulties in other developmental domains across childhood. Given research demonstrating associations between parent responsiveness and children's early language development, we examined whether a parenting intervention administered in infancy improved preschool receptive language skills in children involved with the child welfare system. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) is a 10-session intervention that aims to enhance parent-child interactions...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150059/conceptualizing-a-public-health-prevention-intervention-for-bridging-the-30-million-word-gap
#9
REVIEW
Charles R Greenwood, Judith J Carta, Dale Walker, Jomella Watson-Thompson, Jill Gilkerson, Anne L Larson, Alana Schnitz
Early childhood experience is a social determinant of children's health and well-being. The well-being of young children is founded on their relationships and interactions with parents and family members in the home, caregivers, and teachers in early education, and friends and families in the greater community. Unfortunately, the early language experience of infants and toddlers from low-income families is typically vastly different than children from middle- and higher-income families. Hart and Risley (Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141835/structural-determinants-of-health-among-im-migrants-in-the-indoor-sex-industry-experiences-of-workers-and-managers-owners-in-metropolitan-vancouver
#10
Shira M Goldenberg, Andrea Krüsi, Emma Zhang, Jill Chettiar, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Globally, im/migrant women are overrepresented in the sex industry and experience disproportionate health inequities. Despite evidence that the health impacts of migration may vary according to the timing and stage of migration (e.g., early arrival vs. long-term migration), limited evidence exists regarding social and structural determinants of health across different stages of migration, especially among im/migrants engaged in sex work. Our aim was to describe and analyze the evolving social and structural determinants of health and safety across the arrival and settlement process for im/migrants in the indoor sex industry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141726/an-ethical-conflict-between-parents-and-clinician-in-a-child-with-a-language-delay
#11
Vidya Bhushan Gupta, Jeffrey P Brosco, Nidhip Patel, Adam Braddock, Martin T Stein
A developmental-behavioral pediatrician evaluated a 2-year-old child for developmental delays. He determined that the child had mild expressive language delays; the child had an intelligible vocabulary of 20 words and at least 20 other words that he said unclearly. He said a few contracted 2-word phrases, such as "gimme" and "its ok." He was shy and generally clung to his parents who spoke softly and very little. His development in all other domains was normal. Hearing evaluation and the neurological examination were normal...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#12
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131931/reading-in-children-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Suncica Lah, Anne Castles, Mary Lou Smith
OBJECTIVE: Children with epilepsy have higher rates of reading difficulties compared to the general population. Reading difficulties are associated with lower academic attainments, higher school drop-out rates, greater risk of unemployment, lower income, and poorer adjustment. We examined the literature dealing with reading in children with the most common type of focal epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), in relation to: presence of reading difficulties, contributing factors, and efficacy of treatments for reading difficulties...
January 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121027/psychosocial-function-in-the-first-year-after-childhood-stroke
#14
Mardee Greenham, Vicki Anderson, Stephen Hearps, Michael Ditchfield, Lee Coleman, Mark T Mackay, Paul Monagle, Anne L Gordon
AIM: Childhood stroke disrupts brain development and emerging neural networks. Motor, cognitive, and language deficits are well recognized, yet little is known about psychosocial function after childhood stroke. This study aims to describe psychosocial function within the first year after childhood stroke, and to identify factors associated with outcome. METHOD: Thirty-seven children were involved in a prospective, longitudinal study investigating recovery over the first year after childhood stroke...
January 25, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116777/pharmacological-treatment-for-antipsychotic-related-constipation
#15
REVIEW
Susanna Every-Palmer, Giles Newton-Howes, Mike J Clarke
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic-related constipation is a common and serious adverse effect, especially for people taking clozapine. Clozapine has been shown to impede gastrointestinal motility, leading to constipation, and has been reported in up to 60% of patients receiving clozapine. In rare cases, complications can be fatal. Appropriate laxatives should be prescribed to treat constipation in people taking antipsychotics, but there is a lack of guidance on the comparative effectiveness and harms of different agents in this population...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114642/adherence-to-newly-prescribed-diabetes-medications-among-insured-latino-and-white-patients-with-diabetes
#16
Alicia Fernández, Judy Quan, Howard Moffet, Melissa M Parker, Dean Schillinger, Andrew J Karter
Importance: Medication adherence is essential to diabetes care. Patient-physician language barriers may affect medication adherence among Latino individuals. Objective: To determine the association of patient race/ethnicity, preferred language, and physician language concordance with patient adherence to newly prescribed diabetes medications. Design, Setting, and Participants: This observational study was conducted from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2012, at a large integrated health care delivery system with professional interpreter services...
January 23, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111526/parenting-supports-for-early-vocabulary-development-specific-effects-of-sensitivity-and-stimulation-through-infancy
#17
Claire Vallotton, Ann Mastergeorge, Tricia Foster, Kalli B Decker, Catherine Ayoub
Growing recognition of disparities in early childhood language environments prompt examination of parent-child interactions which support vocabulary. Research links parental sensitivity and cognitive stimulation to child language, but has not explicitly contrasted their effects, nor examined how effects may change over time. We examined maternal sensitivity and stimulation throughout infancy using two observational methods - ratings of parents' interaction qualities, and coding of discrete parenting behaviors - to assess the relative importance of these qualities to child vocabulary over time, and determine whether mothers make related changes in response to children's development...
January 2017: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107098/early-initiation-of-breastfeeding-among-maya-mothers-in-the-western-highlands-of-guatemala
#18
Natalie N Atyeo, Tahvi D Frank, Emma F Vail, William A L Sperduto, David L Boyd
BACKGROUND: Guatemala exhibits the sixth highest rate of child stunting worldwide, and stunting disproportionately affects Guatemala indigenous communities. In a country struggling to combat this result of malnutrition, early child nutrition is especially critical. Specifically, early initiation of breastfeeding is important for the development of newborn infants. Understanding beliefs and practices related to early initiation of breastfeeding in Maya Guatemala may provide an avenue to guide nutrition interventions in indigenous communities...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079529/leveraging-the-skills-of-nurses-and-the-power-of-language-nutrition-to-ensure-a-better-future-for-children
#19
REVIEW
Ashley Darcy Mahoney, Lauren Head Zauche, Sunny Hallowell, Arianne Weldon, Jennifer Stapel-Wax
BACKGROUND: Early language exposure is critical for language acquisition and significantly influences a child's literacy skills. However, preterm infants may experience language deprivation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Nurses are vital to helping parents understand their critical role in early language development. PURPOSE: To discuss the impact of language-rich interactions and interventions that promote early language exposure, or Language Nutrition, by parents and caregivers on the long-term developmental, language, and educational outcomes of high-risk infants...
February 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079113/congenital-hearing-loss
#20
REVIEW
Anna M H Korver, Richard J H Smith, Guy Van Camp, Mark R Schleiss, Maria A K Bitner-Glindzicz, Lawrence R Lustig, Shin-Ichi Usami, An N Boudewyns
Congenital hearing loss (hearing loss that is present at birth) is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions in children. In the majority of developed countries, neonatal hearing screening programmes enable early detection; early intervention will prevent delays in speech and language development and has long-lasting beneficial effects on social and emotional development and quality of life. A diagnosis of hearing loss is usually followed by a search for an underlying aetiology. Congenital hearing loss might be attributed to environmental and prenatal factors, which prevail in low-income settings; congenital infections, particularly cytomegalovirus infection, are also a common risk factor for hearing loss...
12, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
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