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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344084/the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-in-africa-a-scoping-review-of-its-application-and-validation
#1
REVIEW
Nikhat Hoosen, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries, Maylene Shung-King
Background: Child and adolescent mental health in Africa remains largely neglected. Quick and cost-effective ways for early detection may aid early intervention. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is globally used to screen for mental health problems, but little is known about its use in Africa. We set out to perform a scoping review to examine existing studies that have used the SDQ in Africa. Methods: A comprehensive scoping review methodology was used to identify all peer-reviewed studies ever published that have used the SDQ in Africa...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343463/the-impact-of-mhealth-interventions-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#2
REVIEW
Milena Soriano Marcolino, João Antonio Queiroz Oliveira, Marcelo D'Agostino, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Maria Beatriz Moreira Alkmim, David Novillo-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone usage has been rapidly increasing worldwide. mHealth could efficiently deliver high-quality health care, but the evidence supporting its current effectiveness is still mixed. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of systematic reviews to assess the impact or effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in different health conditions and in the processes of health care service delivery. METHODS: We used a common search strategy of five major scientific databases, restricting the search by publication date, language, and parameters in methodology and content...
January 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336676/vasopressors-in-sepsis
#3
Kristin P Colling, Kaysie L Banton, Greg J Beilman
BACKGROUND: Sepsis accounts for 10% of intensive care unit admissions and significant healthcare costs. Although the mortality rate from sepsis has been decreasing with better critical care, early identification of septic patients, and prompt interventions, the mortality rate remains 20%-30%. METHOD: Review of the English-language literature. RESULTS: Norepinephrine is the first-line vasopressor in shock and is associated with a lower mortality rate as well as fewer adverse effects...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335488/distinct-erp-profiles-for-auditory-processing-in-infants-at-risk-for-autism-and-language-impairment
#4
Valentina Riva, Chiara Cantiani, Giulia Mornati, Martina Gallo, Laura Villa, Elisa Mani, Irene Saviozzi, Cecilia Marino, Massimo Molteni
Early identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is crucial for the formulation of effective intervention programs. Language deficits may be a hallmark feature of ASD and language delay observed in ASD shows striking similarities to that observed in children with language impairment (LI). Auditory processing deficits are seen in both LI and ASD, however, they have not previously been compared directly using Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) in the two at-risk populations. This study aims to characterize infants at-risk for ASD (HR-ASD) at the electrophysiological level and to compare them with infants at-risk for LI (HR-LI) and controls, to find specific markers with predictive value...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#5
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310894/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-stroke-patients-a-meta-analysis
#6
Ning Chen, Yanbo Li, Jinghuan Fang, Qian Lu, Li He
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Stroke is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. Among stroke patients, malnutrition is a significant problem that contributes to poor outcome. Clinical evidence is required to identify risk factors for malnutrition and to adopt appropriate management strategies during early stroke intervention. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis of potential risk factors related to malnutrition in stroke patients. METHODS: We systemically searched relevant observational studies in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBLD), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and VIP Database of Chinese periodicals from January 1990 to September 2017 in any language...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309294/speed-of-language-comprehension-at-18-months-old-predicts-school-relevant-outcomes-at-54-months-old-in-children-born-preterm
#7
Virginia A Marchman, Elizabeth C Loi, Katherine A Adams, Melanie Ashland, Anne Fernald, Heidi M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: Identifying which preterm (PT) children are at increased risk of language and learning differences increases opportunities for participation in interventions that improve outcomes. Speed in spoken language comprehension at early stages of language development requires information processing skills that may form the foundation for later language and school-relevant skills. In children born full-term, speed of comprehending words in an eye-tracking task at 2 years old predicted language and nonverbal cognition at 8 years old...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306521/what-can-autism-teach-us-about-the-role-of-sensorimotor-systems-in-higher-cognition-new-clues-from-studies-on-language-action-semantics-and-abstract-emotional-concept-processing
#8
REVIEW
Rachel L Moseley, Friedemann Pulvermüller
Within the neurocognitive literature there is much debate about the role of the motor system in language, social communication and conceptual processing. We suggest, here, that autism spectrum conditions (ASC) may afford an excellent test case for investigating and evaluating contemporary neurocognitive models, most notably a neurobiological theory of action perception integration where widely-distributed cell assemblies linking neurons in action and perceptual brain regions act as the building blocks of many higher cognitive functions...
December 7, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302321/developmental-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-malawi-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Meta van den Heuvel, Wieger Voskuijl, Kate Chidzalo, Marko Kerac, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Robert Bandsma, Melissa Gladstone
Background: Early childhood development provides an important foundation for the development of human capital. Although there is a clear relation between stunting and child development outcomes, less information is available about the developmental and behavioural outcomes of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Particularly an important research gap exists in Sub-Saharan Africa where there is a high prevalence of SAM and a high rate of co-occurring HIV (human immune deficiency virus) infection...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301911/neonatal-morbidity-at-term-early-child-development-and-school-performance-a-population-study
#10
Jason P Bentley, Francisco J Schneuer, Samantha J Lain, Andrew J Martin, Adrienne Gordon, Natasha Nassar
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the association between severe neonatal morbidity (SNM) and child development and school performance among term infants. METHODS: The study population included term infants without major congenital conditions born between 2000 and 2007 in New South Wales, Australia, with a linked record of developmental assessment at ages 4 to 6 years in 2009 or 2012 (n = 144 535) or school performance at ages 7 to 9 years from 2009 to 2014 (n = 253 447)...
January 4, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297366/protected-to-death-systematic-exclusion-of-pregnant-women-from-ebola-virus-disease-trials
#11
Melba F Gomes, Vânia de la Fuente-Núñez, Abha Saxena, Annette C Kuesel
BACKGROUND: For 30 years, women have sought equal opportunity to be included in trials so that drugs are equitably studied in women as well as men; regulatory guidelines have changed accordingly. Pregnant women, however, continue to be excluded from trials for non-obstetric conditions, though they have been included for trials of life-threatening diseases because prospects for maternal survival outweighed potential fetal risks. Ebola virus disease is a life-threatening infection without approved treatments or vaccines...
December 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295652/long-lasting-neuropsychological-effects-of-a-computerized-cognitive-training-in-patients-affected-by-early-stage-alzheimer-s-disease-are-they-stable-over-time
#12
Marco Cavallo, Chiara Angilletta
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the stability of effects of a computerized cognitive training previously administered to a large group of early stage Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, as compared with a control group. METHOD: Eighty AD patients were randomized in two groups and underwent a computerized cognitive training, or a control intervention. RESULTS: A Repeated Measures General Linear Model (RM-GLM) showed a significant interaction effect for the following neuropsychological tests: the digit span forward and backward, and the two-syllable words test, as measures of short-term memory and working memory; the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test (RBMT) story immediate and the RBMT story delayed, as measures of ecologically oriented memory; the Token test, as measure of language comprehension; and the Brixton test, as an executive functions measure...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283674/patient-narratives-as-a-teaching-tool-a-pilot-study-of-first-year-medical-students-and-patient-educators-affected-by-intellectual-developmental-disabilities
#13
Alon Coret, Kerry Boyd, Kevin Hobbs, Joyce Zazulak, Meghan McConnell
PROBLEM: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) face complex biopsychosocial challenges and are medically underserved. This is in part due to insufficient resources and supports but can also be attributed to a lack of adequate physician training in addressing the unique needs of this population. INTERVENTION: This study aimed to introduce 1st-year medical students to the IDD population using a blended educational experience that included video narratives of and direct interactions with people affected by IDD...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282463/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-surgeons-and-interventionalists-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Sherise Epstein, Emily H Sparer, Bao N Tran, Qing Z Ruan, Jack T Dennerlein, Dhruv Singhal, Bernard T Lee
Importance: Physicians in procedural specialties are at high risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This has been called "an impending epidemic" in the context of the looming workforce shortage; however, prevalence estimates vary by study. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of work-related MSDs among at-risk physicians and to evaluate the scope of preventive efforts. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search in MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Elsevier), Web of Science, PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information), and 2 clinical trial registries, without language restriction, for studies reporting on the prevalence and prevention of work-related MSDs among at-risk physicians published until December 2016...
December 27, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276529/neurobiological-bases-of-reading-disorder-part-ii-the-importance-of-developmental-considerations-in-typical-and-atypical-reading
#15
Jessica M Black, Zhichao Xia, Fumiko Hoeft
Decoding-based reading disorder (RD; aka developmental dyslexia) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, affecting approximately 5-10% of school-aged children across languages. Even though neuroimaging studies suggest an impairment of the left reading network in RD, the onset of this deficit and its developmental course, which may include constancy and change, is largely unknown. There is now growing evidence that the recruitment of brain networks underlying perceptual, cognitive and linguistic processes relevant to reading acquisition varies with age...
October 2017: Language and Linguistics Compass
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273656/pathways-to-diagnosis-of-a-second-primary-cancer-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#16
Lovney Kanguru, Annemieke Bikker, Debbie Cavers, Karen Barnett, David H Brewster, David Weller, Christine Campbell
INTRODUCTION: As cancer survivors continue to live longer, the incidence of second primary cancers (SPCs) will also rise. Relatively little is understood about the diagnostic pathway for SPCs, how people appraise, interpret symptoms and seek help for a second different cancer and the experiences (including challenges) of healthcare providers relating to SPCs. This study aims to systematically appraise and synthesise the literature on the pathways to diagnosis of an SPC and the associated patient and healthcare provider experiences...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259892/transition-from-early-intervention-program-to-primary-school-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Valsamma Eapen, Rachel Grove, Elizabeth Aylward, Annette V Joosten, Scott I Miller, Gerdamari Van Der Watt, Kathryn Fordyce, Cheryl Dissanayake, Jacqueline Maya, Madonna Tucker, Antonia DeBlasio
AIM: To evaluate the characteristics that are associated with successful transition to school outcomes in preschool aged children with autism. METHODS: Twenty-one participants transitioning from an early intervention program were assessed at two time points; at the end of their preschool placement and approximately 5 mo later following their transition to school. Child characteristics were assessed using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales, Social Communication Questionnaire and the Repetitive Behaviour Scale...
November 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250869/stepping-stones-to-resiliency-following-a-community-based-two-generation-canadian-preschool-programme
#18
Carla S Ginn, Karen M Benzies, Leslie Anne Keown, Shelley Raffin Bouchal, Wilfreda E Billlie Thurston
Early intervention programmes are designed to address complex inequities for Canadian families living with low income, affecting social relationships, well-being and mental health. However, there is limited understanding of resiliency and change in families living with low income over time. We conducted a mixed methods study with recent immigrant, other Canadian-born, and Aboriginal families living with low income, who attended a two-generation preschool programme (CUPS One World) between 2002 and 2008. The aim of this study was to develop an understanding of the processes of change...
December 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248908/international-survey-of-speech-language-pathologists-practices-in-working-with-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Gail Gillon, Yvette Hyter, Fernanda Dreux Fernandes, Sara Ferman, Yvette Hus, Kakia Petinou, Osnat Segal, Tatjana Tumanova, Ioannis Vogindroukas, Carol Westby, Marleen Westerveld
OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental impairment. To better understand the role of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in different countries in supporting children with ASD, the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP) Child Language Committee developed a survey for SLPs working with children or adolescents with ASD. Method and Participants: The survey comprised 58 questions about background information of respondents, characteristics of children with ASD, and the role of SLPs in diagnosis, assessment, and intervention practices...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243504/promoting-language-and-social-communication-development-in-babies-through-an-early-storybook-reading-intervention
#20
Michelle I Brown, Marleen F Westerveld, David Trembath, Gail T Gillon
PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of low- and high-intensity early storybook reading (ESR) intervention workshops delivered to parents for promoting their babies language and social communication development. These workshops educated parents on how to provide a stimulating home reading environment and engage in parent-child interactions during ESR. METHOD: Parent-child dyads (n = 32); child age: 3-12 months, were assigned into two intervention conditions: low and high intensity (LI versus HI) groups...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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