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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786137/longitudinal-growth-of-receptive-language-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-between-18-months-and-54-months-of-age
#1
Katherine C Hustad, Ashley Sakash, Aimee Teo Broman, Paul J Rathouz
AIM: We examined receptive language developmental trajectories between 18 months and 54 months for three clinical speech-language profile groups of children with cerebral palsy (those with speech motor involvement, without speech motor involvement, and with anarthria) and quantified differences from age-level expectations. We identified latent classes of comprehension development, related these classes to clinical profile groups, and examined how well early receptive language predicted outcomes...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#2
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781700/adapting-and-translating-the-mullen-scales-of-early-learning-for-the-south-african-context
#3
Juan Bornman, MaryAnn Romski, Kerstin Tonsing, Rose Sevcik, Robyn White, Andrea Barton-Hulsey, Refilwe Morwane
BACKGROUND:  South African speech-language therapists have identified the need for culturally valid and sensitive assessment tools that can accommodate multiple languages and cover a reasonable age range. The Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL) extend from birth to 68 months, contain five separate subscales including receptive language, expressive language, gross motor, fine motor and visual reception scale, are straightforward to administer and have been successfully used in other African countries, such as Uganda...
March 8, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773528/a-digital-app-to-aid-detection-monitoring-and-management-of-dyslexia-in-young-children-dimmand-protocol-for-a-digital-health-and-education-solution
#4
Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761835/attention-to-speech-and-spoken-language-development-in-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#5
Yuanyuan Wang, Carissa L Shafto, Derek M Houston
Early auditory/language experience plays an important role in language development. In this study, we examined the effects of severe-to-profound hearing loss and subsequent cochlear implantation on the development of attention to speech in children with cochlear implants (CIs). In addition, we investigated the extent to which attention to speech may predict spoken language development in children with CIs. We tested children with CIs and compared them to chronologically age-matched peers with normal hearing (NH) on their attention to speech at four time points post implantation; specifically, less than 1 month, 3 to 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months post implantation...
May 15, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761033/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-congenital-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#6
Divya A Chari, Dylan K Chan
Purpose of Review: The aim of this report is to review current literature regarding the work-up and management of congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Recent Findings: Diagnostic evaluation of a newborn with sensorineural hearing loss begins with a complete audiologic evaluation and comprehensive history and physical exam. This review presents a diagnostic algorithm for the work-up of congenital hearing loss, focusing on the three following modalities: cytomegalovirus testing, genetic evaluation, and imaging...
December 2017: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760771/systematic-review-cultural-adaptation-and-feasibility-of-screening-for-autism-in-non-english-speaking-countries
#7
REVIEW
Turkiya S Al Maskari, Craig A Melville, Diane S Willis
Background: Screening children for autism has gained wider acceptance within clinical practice, and early intervention has improved outcomes. Increasingly, adapting an existing screening instrument is a common, fast method to create a usable screening tool, especially for countries with limited resources and/or expertise. However, concerns have been raised regarding adaptation adequacy and the feasibility of screening across cultural groups. This study systematically examined the levels of cultural adaptation and feasibility aspects considered when screening for autism in non-English speaking countries to build upon the sparse knowledge that exists on this topic in the literature...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757800/are-you-there-for-me-joint-engagement-and-emotional-availability-in-parent-child-interactions-for-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#8
Evelien Dirks, Carolien Rieffe
OBJECTIVES: This study examined joint engagement and emotional availability of parent-child interactions for toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared with toddlers with normal hearing (NH) and in relation to children's language abilities. DESIGN: The participants in this study were 25 children with MHL (40 to 60 dB hearing loss) and 26 children with NH (mean age: 33.3 months). The children and their parents were filmed during a 10-minute free play session in their homes...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754464/clapping-in-time-parallels-literacy-and-calls-upon-overlapping-neural-mechanisms-in-early-readers
#9
Silvia Bonacina, Jennifer Krizman, Travis White-Schwoch, Nina Kraus
The auditory system is extremely precise in processing the temporal information of perceptual events and using these cues to coordinate action. Synchronizing movement to a steady beat relies on this bidirectional connection between sensory and motor systems, and activates many of the auditory and cognitive processes used when reading. Here, we use Interactive Metronome, a clinical intervention technology requiring an individual to clap her hands in time with a steady beat, to investigate whether the links between literacy and synchronization skills, previously established in older children, are also evident in children who are learning to read...
May 12, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749665/contribution-of-parenting-to-complex-syntax-development-in-preschool-children-with-developmental-delays-or-typical-development
#10
C T Moody, B L Baker, J Blacher
BACKGROUND: Despite studies of how parent-child interactions relate to early child language development, few have examined the continued contribution of parenting to more complex language skills through the preschool years. The current study explored how positive and negative parenting behaviours relate to growth in complex syntax learning from child age 3 to age 4 years, for children with typical development or developmental delays (DDs). METHODS: Participants were children with or without DD (N = 60) participating in a longitudinal study of development...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742275/early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-eibi-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#11
REVIEW
Brian Reichow, Kara Hume, Erin E Barton, Brian A Boyd
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles of applied behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739406/dna-methylation-in-the-apoe-genomic-region-is-associated-with-cognitive-function-in-african-americans
#12
Jiaxuan Liu, Wei Zhao, Erin B Ware, Stephen T Turner, Thomas H Mosley, Jennifer A Smith
BACKGROUND: Genetic variations in apolipoprotein E (APOE) and proximal genes (PVRL2, TOMM40, and APOC1) are associated with cognitive function and dementia, particularly Alzheimer's disease. Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation play a central role in the regulation of gene expression. Recent studies have found evidence that DNA methylation may contribute to the pathogenesis of dementia, but its association with cognitive function in populations without dementia remains unclear...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736980/face-to-face-interventions-for-informing-or-educating-parents-about-early-childhood-vaccination
#13
REVIEW
Jessica Kaufman, Rebecca Ryan, Louisa Walsh, Dell Horey, Julie Leask, Priscilla Robinson, Sophie Hill
BACKGROUND: Early childhood vaccination is an essential global public health practice that saves two to three million lives each year, but many children do not receive all the recommended vaccines. To achieve and maintain appropriate coverage rates, vaccination programmes rely on people having sufficient awareness and acceptance of vaccines.Face-to-face information or educational interventions are widely used to help parents understand why vaccines are important; explain where, how and when to access services; and address hesitancy and concerns about vaccine safety or efficacy...
May 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730131/relationship-between-mother-infant-mutual-dyadic-responsiveness-and-premature-infant-development-as-measured-by-the-bayley-iii-at-6-weeks-corrected-age
#14
Rosemary C White-Traut, Kristin M Rankin, Joe Yoder, Laura Zawacki, Suzann Campbell, Meredith Censullo, Karen Kavanaugh, Kathleen F Norr
BACKGROUND: The quality of mother-preterm infant interaction has been identified as a key factor in influencing the infant's later development and language acquisition. The relationship between mother-infant responsiveness and later development may be evident early in infancy, a time period which has been understudied. AIM: Describe the relationship between mother-infant mutual dyadic responsiveness and premature infant development. DESIGN: This study employed a secondary analysis of data from the 6-week corrected age (CA) follow-up visit of the Hospital-Home Transition: Optimizing Prematures' Environment (H-HOPE) study, a randomized clinical trial testing the efficacy of a mother- and infant- focused intervention for improving outcomes among premature infants...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728185/surgical-timing-for-bilateral-simultaneous-cochlear-implants-when-is-best
#15
Sebastiano Franchella, Roberto Bovo, Luigia Bandolin, Flavia Gheller, Silvia Montino, Daniele Borsetto, Sara Ghiselli, Alessandro Martini
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is considered the most common congenital disease and the prevalence of neonatal deafness can be estimated between 1 and 2 cases per 1000 live births. Infant deafness must be diagnosed as early as possible and an effective therapeutic intervention needs to be carried out in order to avoid the serious consequences of hearing deprivation during the evolutionary period: alterations in the development of central auditory pathways and lack of language acquisition...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726363/dysphagia-treatment-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-undergoing-radiation-therapy-a-meta-analysis-review
#16
REVIEW
Elissa Greco, Tijana Simic, Jolie Ringash, George Tomlinson, Yoko Inamoto, Rosemary Martino
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy (C/RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) often develop dysphagia. Interventions from speech-language pathologists aim to maintain or improve swallow physiology and function. However, it is unclear which interventions provide the greatest benefit. We performed a systematic review to assess the benefit of exercise therapy on swallow physiology, function, and related quality of life (QOL). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We searched 7 electronic databases up to July 12, 2017, for all primary studies of any language or design that included the following: a behavioral swallowing intervention for patients with HNC treated with curative C/RT, a comparison group, and outcomes related to swallow physiology, function, and/or QOL...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718280/early-communication-development-of-children-with-auditory-brainstem-implants
#17
Laurie S Eisenberg, Dianne Hammes Ganguly, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Margaret E Winter, Jamie L Glater, Debra K Schrader, Janice Loggins, Eric P Wilkinson
The auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is an auditory sensory device that is surgically placed on the cochlear nucleus of the brainstem for individuals who are deaf but unable to benefit from a cochlear implant (CI) due to anatomical abnormalities of the cochlea and/or eighth nerve, specific disease processes, or temporal bone fractures. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has authorized a Phase I clinical trial to determine safety and feasibility of the ABI in up to 10 eligible young children who are deaf and either derived no benefit from the CI or were anatomically unable to receive a CI...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713538/laboratory-assessment-of-oxidative-stress-in-semen
#18
Ashok Agarwal, Emily Qiu, Rakesh Sharma
Objectives: To evaluate different laboratory assessments of oxidative stress (OS) in semen and identify a cost-efficient and highly sensitive instrument capable of providing a comprehensive measure of OS in a clinical setting, as early intervention and an accurate diagnostic test are important because they help maintain a balance of free radicals and antioxidants; otherwise, excessive OS could lead to sperm damage and result in male infertility. Materials and methods: A systematic literature search was performed through a MedLine database search using the keywords 'semen' AND 'oxygen reduction potential'...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713504/user-assessments-and-the-use-of-information-from-momconnect-a-mobile-phone-text-based-information-service-by-pregnant-women-and-new-mothers-in-south-africa
#19
REVIEW
Donald Skinner, Peter Delobelle, Michele Pappin, Desiree Pieterse, Tonya Marianne Esterhuizen, Peter Barron, Lilian Dudley
MomConnect was designed to provide crucial health information to mothers during pregnancy and in the early years of child rearing in South Africa. The design drew on the success of the Mobile Alliance for Maternal Action's programme in South Africa, as well as a growing list of mobile health (mHealth) interventions implemented internationally. Services such as MomConnect are dependent on user acceptability as all engagements are voluntary, meaning that tools have to be easy to use and useful to be successful...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710096/factors-contributing-to-preschoolers-communicative-participation-outcomes-findings-from-a-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-ontario-canada
#20
Barbara Jane Cunningham, Steven E Hanna, Peter Rosenbaum, Nancy Thomas-Stonell, Bruce Oddson
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of communicative participation outcomes for a large cohort of preschoolers with speech and language impairments. Method: A secondary analysis of longitudinal program evaluation data from Ontario, Canada's Preschool Speech and Language Program was done. Data available for 46,872 children 18-67 months of age (M = 41.76 months, SD = 11.92; 68% boys, 32% girls) were previously used to predict children's communicative participation skill development in 5 levels of function...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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