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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227217/acceptability-of-a-team-based-mobile-health-mhealth-application-for-lifestyle-self-management-in-individuals-with-chronic-illnesses
#1
Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Dori Rosenberg, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler
With increased incidence of chronic illnesses arising due to unhealthy lifestyle habits, it is increasingly important to leverage technology applications to promote and sustain health behavior change. We developed a smartphone-based application, NutriWalking (NW), which recommends personalized daily exercise goals and promotes healthy nutritional habits in small peer teams. Here, we demonstrate an early study of usability and acceptability of this app in patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225048/thiamine-deficiency-oxidative-metabolic-pathways-and-ethanol-induced-neurotoxicity-how-poor-nutrition-contributes-to-the-alcoholic-syndrome-as-marchiafava-bignami-disease
#2
REVIEW
L M P Fernandes, F R Bezerra, M C Monteiro, M L Silva, F R de Oliveira, R R Lima, E A Fontes-Júnior, C S F Maia
Ethanol is an important risk factor for the occurrence of several brain disorders that depend on the amount, period and frequency of its consumption. Chronic use of ethanol often leads to the development of neurodegenerative syndromes, which cause morphological and functional impairments such as foetal alcohol syndrome in newborns exposed to ethanol during pregnancy, Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome and, more rarely, Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD). MBD is characterized by primary degeneration of the corpus callosum, without inflammation and is associated with oxidative stress and hypovitaminosis, as well as altered mental status, to mention dementia, seizures, depression and so on...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#3
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214764/recurrent-falls-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-men-living-in-the-veterans-retirement-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history...
February 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#5
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207371/does-depressive-affect-mediate-the-relationship-between-self-care-capacity-and-nutritional-status-among-rural-older-adults-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#6
Seung Eun Jung, Alex J Bishop, Minjung Kim, Janice Hermann, Giyeon Kim, Jeannine Lawrence
This study examined the relationships of self-care capacity and depressive affect on nutritional status and whether depressive affect mediated the relationship of self-care capacity on nutritional status. A convenience sample of 171 rural community-dwelling older adults, 65 years and above, participated. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to test a mediation model. The hypothesized SEM model was supported with adequate fit (χ(2) (1) = 1.87, p = 0.17; CFI = 0.94; RMSEA = 0.07; SRMR = 0...
January 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203083/sexual-dimorphism-in-parkinson-s-disease-differences-in-clinical-manifestations-quality-of-life-and-psychosocial-functioning-between-males-and-females
#7
Farzaneh Farhadi, Kia Vosoughi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Ahmad Delbari, Johan Lökk, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad
INTRODUCTION: Sex-related differences in clinical manifestations and consequences of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been poorly explored. Better understanding of sexual dimorphism in neurologic diseases such as PD has been announced as a research priority. The aim of our study was to determine independent sex differences in clinical manifestations and subtypes, psychosocial functioning, quality of life (QoL) and its domains between male and female individuals with PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive list of demographics, motor symptoms and subtypes, nonmotor features, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), psychosocial functioning and general aspects of daily life was assessed in 157 individuals (108 males and 49 females) with idiopathic PD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196640/risk-of-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents-skipping-meals-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-to-2012
#8
Gyungjoo Lee, Kyungdo Han, Hyunju Kim
BACKGROUND: Adolescents frequently skip meals, doing so even more than once per day. This is associated with more mental health problems. PURPOSE: This study identified mental health problems' associations with skipping meals and the frequency thereof among adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study used a data set of 1,413 adolescents from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression was conducted to determine the risk of mental health problems, including stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation in relation to skipping meals and the frequency thereof per day...
January 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196349/effects-of-low-sink-demand-on-leaf-photosynthesis-under-potassium-deficiency
#9
Yonghui Pan, Zhifeng Lu, Jianwei Lu, Xiaokun Li, Rihuan Cong, Tao Ren
The interaction between low sink demand and potassium (K) deficiency in leaf photosynthesis was not intensively investigated, therefore this interaction was investigated in winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Plants subjected to sufficient (+K) or insufficient (-K) K supply treatments were maintained or removed their flowers and pods; these conditions were defined as high sink demand (HS) or low sink demand (LS), respectively. The low sink demand induced a lower photosynthetic rate (Pn), especially in the -K treatment during the first week...
February 1, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196151/estimation-of-years-lived-with-disability-due-to-noncommunicable-diseases-and-injuries-using-a-population-representative-survey
#10
Ji In Park, Hae Hyuk Jung
The Global Burden of Disease 2010 and the WHO Global Health Estimates of years lived with disability (YLDs) uses disability-weights obtained from lay health-state descriptions, which cannot fully reflect different disease manifestations, according to severity, treatment, and environment. The aim of this study was to provide population-representative YLDs of noncommunicable diseases and injuries using a prevalence-based approach, with the disability weight measured in subjects with specific diseases or injuries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192445/vitamin-d-deficiency-is-significantly-associated-with-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Jong Hyun Jhee, Hyoungnae Kim, Seohyun Park, Hae-Ryong Yun, Su-Young Jung, Youn Kyung Kee, Chang-Yun Yoon, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Shin-Wook Kang, Tae-Hyun Yoo
BACKGROUND: Depression is reported to be the most common psychological problem in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Several studies have reported that lower levels of serum vitamin D are significantly associated with depression. Both vitamin D deficiency and depression are prevalent in patients with CKD, yet the relationship between these two factors remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the association between vitamin D levels and depression among CKD patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169593/arthritis-related-limitations-predict-insufficient-physical-activity-in-adults-with-prediabetes-identified-in-the-nhanes-2011-2014
#12
Shiela M Strauss, Margaret McCarthy
Purpose The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which arthritis-related limitations are salient in predicting less than the recommended amount of time for adults with prediabetes to spend on moderate or vigorous physical activity. Methods Data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the United States were used to identify the predictors of insufficient physical activity in a large sample of adults with prediabetes 20 years of age and older (n = 2536). Results When extrapolated to more than 45 million adults in the United States at least 20 years of age with prediabetes, 42...
February 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167456/antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-like-activity-of-sodium-selenite-after-acute-treatment-in-mice
#13
Ewa Kędzierska, Jarosław Dudka, Ewa Poleszak, Jolanta H Kotlińska
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for humans and animals, that is needed for a broad variety of physiological functions including thyroid hormone metabolism, protection against oxidative stress, and immunity associated functions. Human nutritional Se deficiencies are associated with neuropsychiatric diseases, like Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, obsessive - compulsive disorder, stroke, epilepsy as well as depressive behaviours. In this study we examined antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like activity of Se in the inorganic form of sodium selenite and investigated whether Se influence on the locomotor activity in mice...
November 11, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162135/the-mediational-effect-of-weight-self-stigma-in-the-relationship-between-blatant-and-subtle-discrimination-and-depression-and-anxiety
#14
Alejandro Magallares, Patricia Bolaños-Rios, Inmaculada Ruiz-Prieto, Pilar Benito de Valle, Jose Antonio Irles, Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera
Obesity may be considered a social stigma. In addition, people with obesity are frequently aware of stigma directed at others who have a similar weight and come to think stigmatized thoughts about themselves. Our study focused specifically on how blatant and subtle discrimination and weight self-stigma are related to depression and anxiety in people with obesity. The sample comprised 170 participants from the Clinical Nutrition Unit of the "Hospital de Valme" (Seville, Spain). The Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Perceived Discrimination Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used...
February 6, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161527/a-systematic-review-of-prehabilitation-programs-in-abdominal-cancer-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Yasser Hijazi, Umair Gondal, Omer Aziz
INTRODUCTION: Prehabilitation programs aim to optimise patients in order to enhance post-operative recovery. This study aims to review the composition of prehabilitation programs for patients undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery and define the outcome measures that are used to evaluate this intervention. METHODS: A systematic literature review of all comparative studies on prehabilitation versus standard care in patients undergoing abdominal cancer surgery was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159059/the-association-between-anorexia-of-aging-and-physical-frailty-results-from-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-s-study-of-geriatric-syndromes
#16
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the association between anorexia of aging and physical frailty among older people. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional cohort design was used with a sample of 4417 elderly Japanese citizens living in a community setting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frailty was operationalized as the following frailty components: slowness, weakness, exhaustion, low level of physical activity, and weight loss. Participants were grouped as non-frail, pre-frail, and frail, and categorized as anorexic or not using questionnaire cutoff scores...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157670/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-facial-palsy-and-lifestyle-characteristics-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#17
Young-Soo Chang, Ji Eun Choi, Seon Woo Kim, Sun-Young Baek, Yang-Sun Cho
OBJECTIVES: To report the nationwide prevalence of facial palsy (FP) of grade III or worse in the House-Brackmann (H-B) grading system in South Korea and assess the associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a nationwide health survey. SETTINGS: South Korea. METHODS: We obtained data from the 2010 to 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, which were cross-sectional surveys of the South Korean civilian population living in households and aged ≥1 year (N=23 533)...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156583/developing-a-supportive-oncology-program-in-a-cancer-institute-needs-assessment
#18
Tara Liberman, James D'Olimpio, Maria Carney
: 141 Background: Cancer patients experience significant symptom and psychosocial burden (Temel JS, et. al. N Engl J Med. 2010 Aug 19; 363(8):733-42. Early palliative care for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer.). Integration of supportive oncology programs within cancer centers has developed since the findings of Temel and Jackson. Addressing a growing need to manage patients comprehensively, the Northwell Health Divisions of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine and Hematology and Oncology partnered to initiate a community-based supportive oncology program...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156569/differences-in-self-care-behaviors-by-varying-levels-of-caregiving-intensity-performance-and-well-being-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-high-mortality-cancer
#19
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle Betty Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Ann Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie Bakitas
: 239 Background: Family caregivers of high-mortality cancer patients perform vital tasks that deter from their own self-care. We aimed to determine differences in self-care behaviors by varying levels of caregiving intensity, well-being, and performance. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in community settings of 8 cancer centers in AL, FL, and TN. Two-hundred and ninety-four family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head & neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of self-care behaviors, including health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep; anxiety and depression; health-related quality of life (HRQoL); caregiver competence and preparedness; and decision-making self-efficacy...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156504/how-can-palliative-care-specialists-best-integrate-into-multidisciplinary-oncology-care-for-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#20
Melissa F Miller, Joanne S Buzaglo, Arif Kamal
: 182 Background: Current evidence for palliative care/oncology integration derives from cancers with either very short prognoses or relatively limited treatment options (e.g. pancreas). Little is know about the role of palliative care in metastatic breast cancer, where prognosis may be measured in years and the treatment option portfolio is continuously expanding. METHODS: The Cancer Support Community Metastatic Breast Cancer Experience Registry is a voluntary, patient-reported, online registry of patient experiences with cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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