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E Portegijs, S Sipilä, A Viljanen, M Rantakokko, T Rantanen
The aim is to determine concurrent validity of a single self-report habitual physical activity (PA) question against accelerometer-based PA and mobility variables, and corresponding changes in self-reported PA and mobility. Cross-sectional and longitudinal data of the "Life-space mobility in old age" (LISPE) cohort and its substudy on PA were utilized. At baseline, 848 community-dwelling, 75- to 90-year-old people living independently in central Finland participated in home-based interviews. One and 2 years later, 816 and 761 of them were reassessed by phone, respectively...
October 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Dong Zhang, Ying-Qiang Ge, Xin-Yu Li, Xian-Hui Liu, Ming Zhang, Rong-Rong Wang
Species of Lispe caesia-group from Palaearctic and adjacent regions are reviewed. Diagnostic characters of this group are updated. One new synonymy is established: L. frontalis Zielke, 1972, syn. nov. for L. leucocephala Loew, 1856. Key to males of ten species (with two subspecies) from Palaearctic, Oriental and Ethiopian regions is given. Nine species (with two subspecies) are photographed. Six species and one subspecies are redescribed. More detailed ultrastructural or external characters for male swollen hind tarsi and the wing interference patterns are also provided...
2016: Zootaxa
Li-Tang Tsai, Merja Rantakokko, Taina Rantanen, Anne Viljanen, Markku Kauppinen, Erja Portegijs
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and subsequent changes in life-space mobility over 2 years among older people. Life-space mobility refers to the area a person moves through in daily life, taking into account frequency, and need of assistance. Life-space mobility and physical activity correlate, but whether different intensities of objectively assessed physical activity predicts decline in life-space mobility is not known...
March 14, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Colin Webster
Hippocratic authors frequently utilise silence, babbling, lisping and otherverbal signs to diagnose a variety of physical illnesses and predict theircourse. This chapter examines these 'voice pathologies' and evaluatestheir impact on the dialogue between patients and Hippocratic physicians. In short, Hippocratic authors treat patients' voices in two dissonant ways. On the one hand, physicians promote some form of discourse,implicitly relying on patients to report internal sensations resulting fromillnesses...
2016: Studies in Ancient Medicine
K Grob, M Manestar, A Lang, T Ackland, H Gilbey, M S Kuster
INTRODUCTION: With a subvastus approach to the femur, the vessels that perforate the lateral intermuscular septum (LISP-vessels) must be ligated. The effect on the blood supply to the femur remains unclear. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of ligation of the LISP-Vessels on the blood supply and to examine the anatomy of the LISP-vessels and the anastomoses around the femur. MATERIALS: In six human cadavers the LISP vessels were ligated by a lateral subvastus approach on one side...
December 2015: Injury
Milla Saajanaho, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Timo Törmäkangas, Johanna Eronen, Li-Tang Tsai, Marja Jylhä, Taina Rantanen
OBJECTIVE: Life-space mobility - the spatial extent of mobility in daily life - is associated with quality of life and physical functioning but may also be influenced by future orientation expressed in personal goals. The aim of this study was to explore how different personal goals predict changes in older people's life-space mobility. METHODS: This prospective cohort study with a 2-year follow-up included 824 community-dwelling people aged 75 to 90 years from the municipalities of Jyväskylä and Muurame in Central Finland...
December 2015: Preventive Medicine
L-T Tsai, E Portegijs, M Rantakokko, A Viljanen, M Saajanaho, J Eronen, T Rantanen
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between objectively measured physical activity and life-space mobility in community-dwelling older people. Life-space refers to the spatial area a person purposefully moves through in daily life (bedroom, home, yard, neighborhood, town, and beyond) and life-space mobility to the frequency of travel and the help needed when moving through different life-space areas. The study population comprised community-living 75- to 90-year-old people {n = 174; median age 79...
August 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Nguyen Van De, Vu Thi Nga, Pierre Dorny, Nguyen Vu Trung, Pham Ngoc Minh, Do Trung Dung, Edoardo Pozio
Trichinellosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease with a worldwide distribution. The aim of this work was to describe the epidemiological and clinical data of five outbreaks of trichinellosis, which affected ethnic minorities living in remote mountainous areas of northwestern Vietnam from 1970 to 2012. Trichinellosis was diagnosed in 126 patients, of which 11 (8.7%) were hospitalized and 8 (6.3%) died. All infected people had consumed raw pork from backyard and roaming pigs or wild boar at wedding, funeral, or New Year parties...
June 2015: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Dan Hua Xu, Min Yuan, Jian Wen Wang, Yun Zhen Hu
Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) may be precipitated by aggressive correction of a hypoosmolar state. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman who developed ODS during rapid correction of asymptomatic hyponatremia caused by pituitrin prescribed for hemoptysis. After hyponatremia correction by NaCl supplementation, the patient developed limb weakness, blurred vision, hand and perioral numbness, and lisp. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed bilateral signal hyperintensity of the globus pallidus and caudate nucleus, compatible with extra-pontine ODS...
May 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Matthew Fenwick, Colbert Sesanker, Martin R Schiller, Heidi Jc Ellis, M Lee Hinman, Jay Vyas, Michael R Gryk
Scientists are continually faced with the need to express complex mathematical notions in code. The renaissance of functional languages such as LISP and Haskell is often credited to their ability to implement complex data operations and mathematical constructs in an expressive and natural idiom. The slow adoption of functional computing in the scientific community does not, however, reflect the congeniality of these fields. Unfortunately, the learning curve for adoption of functional programming techniques is steeper than that for more traditional languages in the scientific community, such as Python and Java, and this is partially due to the relative sparseness of available learning resources...
2012: Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations
Catarina Falk Kieri, Birgitta Bergendal, Lisbet K Lind, Marcus Schmitt-Egenolf, Christina Stecksén-Blicks
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the EDAR-gene cause hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, however, the oral phenotype has been described in a limited number of cases. The aim of the present study was to clinically describe individuals with the c.1072C > T mutation (p. Arg358X) in the EDAR gene with respect to dental signs and saliva secretion, symptoms from other ectodermal structures and to assess orofacial function. METHODS: Individuals in three families living in Sweden, where some members had a known c...
2014: BMC Medical Genetics
Merja Rantakokko, Susanne Iwarsson, Satu Vahaluoto, Erja Portegijs, Anne Viljanen, Taina Rantanen
BACKGROUND: We examined the association between perceived environmental barriers to outdoor mobility and loneliness among community-dwelling older people. In addition, we studied whether walking difficulties and autonomy in participation outdoors affected this association. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses of face-to-face home interview data with 848 people aged 75-90 years (mean age: 80.1 years; 62% women) gathered within the "Life-Space Mobility in Old Age" (LISPE) project...
December 2014: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
F J Trevor Burke
UNLABELLED: Toothwear is affecting increasing numbers of the population. In the past, treatment of patients whose teeth were affected by toothwear often involved the reduction of these teeth for crowns; a severe form of toothwear. Contemporary management of such cases is by the bonding of resin composite restorations to the worn and wearing surfaces, with these restorations being placed at an increased occlusal vertical dimension. The advantage of the technique is its minimal- or non-intervention nature and its high reported degree of patient satisfaction...
January 2014: Dental Update
John Van Borsel, Anneleen Van de Putte
The present study examined the popular stereotype that gay men lisp by evaluating to what extent listeners associated dental or frontal articulation/lisping with gayness. Fifteen heterosexual males and 15 heterosexual females listened to 275 samples of read speech and judged the sexual orientation of the speakers. A total of 175 of the samples were of homosexual men, 74 (42.3 %) of which had been identified with lisping in a previous study; 100 were of heterosexual men, 18 (18 %) of which had been identified with lisping previously...
August 2014: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Uma B Dixit, Raghavendra M Shetty
BACKGROUND: Tongue thrusting habit is a condition in which the tongue makes contact with any teeth anterior to the molars during swallowing. Abnormal positioning of tongue may result in dental and skeletal abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to study and compare soft-tissue, dental, and skeletal morphologic characteristics in children with and without tongue thrusting habit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 children with tongue thrusting habit and 21 children without any habit between age 10 and 14 years were selected for the study...
January 2013: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Sharynne McLeod, Linda J Harrison, Lindy McAllister, Jane McCormack
PURPOSE: To undertake a community (nonclinical) study to describe the speech of preschool children who had been identified by parents/teachers as having difficulties "talking and making speech sounds" and compare the speech characteristics of those who had and had not accessed the services of a speech-language pathologist (SLP). METHOD: Stage 1: Parent/teacher concern regarding the speech skills of 1,097 4- to 5-year-old children attending early childhood centers was documented...
August 2013: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Silvia F Hitos, Renata Arakaki, Dirceu Solé, Luc L M Weckx
OBJECTIVE: To assess speech alterations in mouth-breathing children, and to correlate them with the respiratory type, etiology, gender, and age. METHOD: A total of 439 mouth-breathers were evaluated, aged between 4 and 12 years. The presence of speech alterations in children older than 5 years was considered delayed speech development. The observed alterations were tongue interposition (TI), frontal lisp (FL), articulatory disorders (AD), sound omissions (SO), and lateral lisp (LL)...
July 2013: Jornal de Pediatria
Dong Zhang, Qi-Ke Wang, Xian-Hui Liu, Kai Li
This study describes aspects of sensilla on the antennae and maxillary palps of an aquatic predator, Lispe neimongola Tian et Ma. Types, distribution and density of sensilla were studied by stereoscopic microscope and scanning electron microscopy. The antennal scape has one type of sensilla, the sharp-tipped chaetic sensilla; whereas, the antennal pedicel possesses two subtypes of these sensilla. Three types of sensilla are found on antennal funiculus: trichoid sensilla, basiconic sensilla (two subtypes) and clavate sensilla...
June 2013: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Heidi Massel Lipetz, B May Bernhardt
An adolescent with a persistent frontal lisp participated in a two-part 11-session intervention case study. The first phase used ultrasound imagery and acoustic, phonetic and voice education to provide information about articulatory setting (AS) and general awareness of the speech production process. The second phase used traditional articulation therapy, online visual-acoustic biofeedback and fluency strategies to target the frontal lisp directly (specifically /s/, /z/, /ʃ/ and /ʧ/). Trained listener evaluations of pre-intervention, post-phase 1 and post-phase 2 assessments showed no improvement after phase 1, but notable improvement in all treatment targets immediately after phase 2...
January 2013: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Nikita E Vikhrev
The Lispe longicollis species-group is revised. Lispe ethiopicasp. n. is described. The following 3 new synonyms are established: Lispe assimilis Wiedemann, 1824 (syn: cyrtoneurina Stein, 1900 and modesta Stein, 1913); Lispe manicata Wiedemann, 1830 (syn: forficata Kurahashi & Shinonaga, 2009). Female of Lispe microptera Seguy, 1937 is described for the first time. Identification key for known Eurasian and African species is given.
2012: ZooKeys
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