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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149697/characteristics-of-motor-speech-phenotypes-in-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Jan Rusz, Barbora Benova, Hana Ruzickova, Michal Novotny, Tereza Tykalova, Jan Hlavnicka, Tomas Uher, Manuela Vaneckova, Michaela Andelova, Klara Novotna, Lucie Kadrnozkova, Dana Horakova
BACKGROUND: Motor speech disorders in multiple sclerosis (MS) are poorly understood and their quantitative, objective acoustic characterization remains limited. Additionally, little data regarding relationships between the severity of speech disorders and neurological involvement in MS, as well as the contribution of pyramidal and cerebellar functional systems on speech phenotypes, is available. METHODS: Speech data were acquired from 141 MS patients with Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) ranging from 1 to 6...
November 8, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137852/dysarthria-in-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-in-dystonia-depends-on-the-posterior-location-of-active-electrode-contacts-a-pilot-study
#2
K A M Pauls, P J Bröckelmann, S Hammesfahr, J Becker, A Hellerbach, V Visser-Vandewalle, T A Dembek, I G Meister, L Timmermann
BACKGROUND: Pallidal Deep Brain Stimulation (GPi-DBS) is an efficient treatment for primary dystonia. We investigated stimulation-induced dysarthria, which is the most frequent side-effect of GPi-DBS. METHODS: Speech was recorded while reading a standard text, and performing rapid syllable repetitions ON and OFF DBS in ten dystonia patients (6 men; 3 cervical, 4 segmental, 3 generalized, unselected for DBS-related speech impairments). Speech and articulation rate, pauses, and syllable repetition rates were extracted via acoustic analysis...
November 7, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135728/internal-distraction-resulted-in-improved-patient-reported-outcomes-for-midface-hypoplasia
#3
David I Hindin, Corbin E Muetterties, Justine C Lee, Anand Kumar, Henry K Kawamoto, James P Bradley
BACKGROUND: Both internal and external distraction devices have been used successfully in correcting midface hypoplasia. Although the indication for surgery and the osteotomy techniques may be similar, deciding when to use internal versus external devices has not been studied. The authors studied patient-reported outcomes with FACE-Q and functional surveys for internal and external devices for midface distraction patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent distraction advancement after Le Fort I and Le Fort III were surveyed using the FACE-Q survey and a functional survey...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129311/speech-disfluencies-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#4
Kurt Eggers, Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh
PURPOSE: Speech and language development in individuals with Down syndrome is often delayed and/or disordered and speech disfluencies appear to be more common. These disfluencies have been labeled over time as stuttering, cluttering or both. FINDINGS: were usually generated from studies with adults or a mixed age group, quite often using different methodologies, making it difficult to compare findings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze and describe the speech disfluencies of a group, only consisting of children with Down Syndrome between 3 and 13 years of age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106999/functional-connectivity-in-the-dorsal-stream-and-between-bilateral-auditory-related-cortical-areas-differentially-contribute-to-speech-decoding-depending-on-spectro-temporal-signal-integrity-and-performance
#5
Stefan Elmer, Jürg Kühnis, Piyush Rauch, Seyed Abolfazl Valizadeh, Lutz Jäncke
Speech processing relies on the interdependence between auditory perception, sensorimotor integration, and verbal memory functions. Functional and structural connectivity between bilateral auditory-related cortical areas (ARCAs) facilitates spectro-temporal analyses, whereas the dynamic interplay between ARCAs and Broca's area (i.e., dorsal pathway) contributes to verbal memory functions, articulation, and sound-to-motor mapping. However, it remains unclear whether these two neural circuits are preferentially driven by spectral or temporal acoustic information, and whether their recruitment is predictive of speech perception performance and learning...
October 30, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105247/increased-functional-connectivity-in-the-ventral-and-dorsal-streams-during-retrieval-of-novel-words-in-professional-musicians
#6
Eva Dittinger, Seyed Abolfazl Valizadeh, Lutz Jäncke, Mireille Besson, Stefan Elmer
Current models of speech and language processing postulate the involvement of two parallel processing streams (the dual stream model): a ventral stream involved in mapping sensory and phonological representations onto lexical and conceptual representations and a dorsal stream contributing to sound-to-motor mapping, articulation, and to how verbal information is encoded and manipulated in memory. Based on previous evidence showing that music training has an influence on language processing, cognitive functions, and word learning, we examined EEG-based intracranial functional connectivity in the ventral and dorsal streams while musicians and nonmusicians learned the meaning of novel words through picture-word associations...
November 3, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091940/planning-and-production-of-grammatical-and-lexical-verbs-in-multi-word-messages
#7
Violaine Michel Lange, Maria Messerschmidt, Peter Harder, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Kasper Boye
Grammatical words represent the part of grammar that can be most directly contrasted with the lexicon. Aphasiological studies, linguistic theories and psycholinguistic studies suggest that their processing is operated at different stages in speech production. Models of sentence production propose that at the formulation stage, lexical words are processed at the functional level while grammatical words are processed at a later positional level. In this study we consider proposals made by linguistic theories and psycholinguistic models to derive two predictions for the processing of grammatical words compared to lexical words...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091112/speech-profile-of-patients-undergoing-primary-palatoplasty
#8
Katia Ignacio Menegueti, Laura Davison Mangilli, Nivaldo Alonso, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
PURPOSE: To characterize the profile and speech characteristics of patients undergoing primary palatoplasty in a Brazilian university hospital, considering the time of intervention (early, before two years of age; late, after two years of age). METHODS: Participants were 97 patients of both genders with cleft palate and/or cleft and lip palate, assigned to the Speech-language Pathology Department, who had been submitted to primary palatoplasty and presented no prior history of speech-language therapy...
October 26, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075753/predicting-intelligibility-gains-in-individuals-with-dysarthria-from-baseline-speech-features
#9
Annalise R Fletcher, Megan J McAuliffe, Kaitlin L Lansford, Donal G Sinex, Julie M Liss
Purpose: Across the treatment literature, behavioral speech modifications have produced variable intelligibility changes in speakers with dysarthria. This study is the first of two articles exploring whether measurements of baseline speech features can predict speakers' responses to these modifications. Methods: Fifty speakers (7 older individuals and 43 speakers with dysarthria) read a standard passage in habitual, loud, and slow speaking modes. Eighteen listeners rated how easy the speech samples were to understand...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069271/intensive-treatment-of-speech-disorders-in-robin-sequence-a-case-report
#10
Maria Daniela Borro Pinto, Maria Inês Pegoraro-Krook, Laura Katarine Félix de Andrade, Ana Paula Carvalho Correa, Linda Iris Rosa-Lugo, Jeniffer de Cássia Rillo Dutka
PURPOSE: To describe the speech of a patient with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) and severe speech disorders before and after participating in an Intensive Speech Therapy Program (ISTP). METHODS: The ISTP consisted of two daily sessions of therapy over a 36-week period, resulting in a total of 360 therapy sessions. The sessions included the phases of establishment, generalization, and maintenance. A combination of strategies, such as modified contrast therapy and speech sound perception training, were used to elicit adequate place of articulation...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068965/single-stage-repair-of-palatal-fistula-and-velopharyngeal-incompetence-by-the-new-l-flap
#11
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ezzeddin Elsheikh, Sherif Askar
OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess the results of use of the new L-shaped posterior pharyngeal flap for repair of both palatal fistula and velopharyngeal incompetence. METHODS: This study included 10 patients who were diagnosed to have soft palate fistula and persistent velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). L-shaped superiorly based pharyngeal flap was harvested from oropharynx and inserted into the soft palate closing the fistula after fistula trimming. The palatal part of the flap (transverse limb) was spread 1 cm horizontally and 1 cm in the anteroposterior direction in soft palate at fistula site closing it without tension...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068860/validating-a-method-to-assess-lipreading-audiovisual-gain-and-integration-during-speech-reception-with-cochlear-implanted-and-normal-hearing-subjects-using-a-talking-head
#12
Stefan Schreitmüller, Miriam Frenken, Lüder Bentz, Magdalene Ortmann, Martin Walger, Hartmut Meister
OBJECTIVES: Watching a talker's mouth is beneficial for speech reception (SR) in many communication settings, especially in noise and when hearing is impaired. Measures for audiovisual (AV) SR can be valuable in the framework of diagnosing or treating hearing disorders. This study addresses the lack of standardized methods in many languages for assessing lipreading, AV gain, and integration. A new method is validated that supplements a German speech audiometric test with visualizations of the synthetic articulation of an avatar that was used, for it is feasible to lip-sync auditory speech in a highly standardized way...
October 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068267/speech-outcome-in-young-children-born-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-treated-with-one-or-two-stage-palatal-repair-and-the-impact-of-early-intervention
#13
Liisi Raud Westberg, Lena Höglund Santamarta, Jenny Karlsson, Jill Nyberg, Erik Neovius, Anette Lohmander
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe speech at 1, 1;6 and 3 years of age in children born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and relate the findings to operation method and amount of early intervention received. METHODS: A prospective trial of children born with UCLP operated with a one-stage (OS) palatal repair at 12 months or a two-stage repair (TS) with soft palate closure at 3-4 months and hard palate closure at 12 months was undertaken (Scandcleft)...
October 25, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067507/non-surgical-transient-cerebellar-mutism-case-report-and-systematic-review
#14
Serge Makarenko, Navneet Singh, Patrick J McDonald
INTRODUCTION: Transient cerebellar mutism has been well recognized in literature as a complication of posterior fossa tumor resection. It is marked by profound impairment of fluency, articulation, and modulation of speech, irritability and autistic features and typically resolves within days to months. Underlying pathophysiology is debated, but currently unknown. METHODS: We present a case of a child with similar clinical findings after cerebellitis, demonstration of diffuse cerebellar signal changes, swelling, and protruding tonsils at the level of foramen magnum...
October 24, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060880/a-pressure-sensitive-palatograph-for-speech-analysis
#15
I Baldoli, M Maselli, M Manti, E Surace, M Cianchetti, C Laschi
Electropalatography (EPG) is a clinical technique used to monitor contacts between the tongue and the hard palate, thus promoting correct articulation mechanisms. Currently, employed commercial tools have a good resolution but they do not provide contact pressure information. In this work, textile-based sensing technologies were employed to realize an innovative EPG tool able to both maintain the proper spatial resolution and perform quantitative pressure detection. The single sensing unit was developed using a thin polymeric sheet with a central hole, sandwiched between two piezoresistive fabric layers...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060686/sparse-coding-of-ecog-signals-identifies-interpretable-components-for-speech-control-in-human-sensorimotor-cortex
#16
Kristofer E Bouchard, Alejandro F Bujan, Edward F Chang, Friedrich T Sommer
The concept of sparsity has proven useful to understanding elementary neural computations in sensory systems. However, the role of sparsity in motor regions is poorly understood. Here, we investigated the functional properties of sparse structure in neural activity collected with high-density electrocorticography (ECoG) from speech sensorimotor cortex (vSMC) in neurosurgical patients. Using independent components analysis (ICA), we found individual components corresponding to individual major oral articulators (i...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052729/consonant-age-of-acquisition-effects-in-nonword-repetition-are-not-articulatory-in-nature
#17
Michelle W Moore, Julie A Fiez, Connie A Tompkins
Purpose: Most research examining long-term-memory effects on nonword repetition (NWR) has focused on lexical-level variables. Phoneme-level variables have received little attention, although there are reasons to expect significant sublexical effects in NWR. To further understand the underlying processes of NWR, this study examined effects of sublexical long-term phonological knowledge by testing whether performance differs when the stimuli comprise consonants acquired later versus earlier in speech development...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037920/tongue-movement-during-articulation-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-20-healthy-volunteers-and-a-patient-with-anterior-floor-of-the-mouth-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Katinka Kansy, Jürgen Hoffmann, Martin Bendszus, Sabine Heiland, Johannes Krisam, Matthias Wohlfarth, Nicole Mistele, Anne Geschwinder, Johann Gradl
PURPOSE: Combined ablative and reconstructive oral maxillofacial surgery involves a multitude of anatomical and functional structures for speech and swallowing. Although there are a few methods to objectively examine swallowing function, this is not true for speech. We describe the development of an objective visualization and measurement tool for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate speech and its first application in a patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 20 healthy patients and one patient with squamous cell carcinoma localized in the anterior floor of the mouth were included in the study...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023298/appraisal-of-function-after-rehabilitation-with-tongue-prosthesis
#19
Pankaj Kharade, Kanchan Dholam, Gurmit Bachher
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Prosthetic rehabilitation following total glossectomy is very complex procedure from clinical as well as laboratory point of view. The basic objective of prosthodontic rehabilitation is to deliver a comfortable as well as esthetically suitable prosthesis, which restores the impaired speech and deglutition function. PURPOSE: Prosthetic rehabilitation of patients after total glossectomy with tongue prosthesis to evaluate improvement in speech as well as swallowing function...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023294/cleft-lip-and-palate-demographic-patterns-and-the-associated-communication-disorders
#20
Firas S D Alfwaress, Fadwa A Khwaileh, Ma'amon A Rawashdeh, Mahmoud A Alomari, Mohammad S Nazzal
PURPOSE: This study investigated demographical characteristics, health status, and associated communication disorders in patients with orofacial clefts (OFCs) in Northern Jordan. METHODS: A retrospective study of 226 cleft patients and their families was carried out between March 2012 and September 2016 at the Speech and Hearing Clinic and the Maxillofacial Center at King Abdullah University Hospital. Data were collected by interviewing patients and caregivers, having patients or caregiver to complete a questionnaire and reviewing the patient's medical records...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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