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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723985/rural-women-and-violence-situation-access-and-accessibility-limits-to-the-healthcare-network
#1
Marta Cocco da Costa, Ethel Bastos da Silva, Joannie Dos Santos Fachinelli Soares, Luana Cristina Borth, Fernanda Honnef
Objective: To analyze the access and accessibility to the healthcare network of women dwelling in rural contexts undergoing violence situation, as seen from the professionals' speeches. Method: A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive study with professionals from the healthcare network services about coping with violence in four municipalities in the northern region of Rio Grande do Sul. The information derived from interviews, which have been analyzed by thematic modality...
July 13, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714530/acoustic-changes-in-the-speech-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-following-an-intensive-program-of-dysarthria-therapy
#2
Lindsay Pennington, Eftychia Lombardo, Nick Steen, Nick Miller
BACKGROUND: The speech intelligibility of children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy has been observed to increase following therapy focusing on respiration and phonation. AIMS: To determine if speech intelligibility change following intervention is associated with change in acoustic measures of voice. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We recorded 16 young people with cerebral palsy and dysarthria (nine girls; mean age 14 years, SD = 2; nine spastic type, two dyskinetic, four mixed; one Worster-Drought) producing speech in two conditions (single words, connected speech) twice before and twice after therapy focusing on respiration, phonation and rate...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695209/comment-on-monkey-vocal-tracts-are-speech-ready
#3
Philip Lieberman
Monkey vocal tracts are capable of producing monkey speech, not the full range of articulate human speech. The evolution of human speech entailed both anatomy and brains. Fitch, de Boer, Mathur, and Ghazanfar in Science Advances claim that "monkey vocal tracts are speech-ready," and conclude that "…the evolution of human speech capabilities required neural change rather than modifications of vocal anatomy." Neither premise is consistent either with the data presented and the conclusions reached by de Boer and Fitch themselves in their own published papers on the role of anatomy in the evolution of human speech or with the body of independent studies published since the 1950s...
July 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691743/effectiveness-of-speech-therapy-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#4
Hayo Terband, Marjolein C Coppens-Hofman, Maaike Reffeltrath, Ben A M Maassen
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of speech therapy in a heterogeneous group of adults with intellectual disability. METHOD: Thirty-six adults with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities (IQs 40-70; age 18-40 years) with reported poor speech intelligibility received tailored training in articulation and listening skills delivered in two 3-month periods. Pre- to post-changes in speech intelligibility and receptive vocabulary were assessed using standardized tasks...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687681/communication-changes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#5
REVIEW
Nick Miller
This review looks at the nature and impact of communication changes in Parkinson's disease, approaches to assessment and directions for intervention. This is especially important since medical and surgical interventions that help limb movement are largely ineffective, or even detrimental, for speech. Most people with Parkinson's disease notice changes to their communication. Voice alters early on-even in the prodromal stage. Later, articulation may impair intelligibility further. These changes impact on mood and social participation...
July 7, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675808/delayed-primary-palatal-closure-in-resource-poor-countries-speech-results-in-ugandan-older-children-and-young-adults-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#6
Laura Bruneel, Anke Luyten, Kim Bettens, Evelien D'haeseleer, Cleo Dhondt, Andrew Hodges, George Galiwango, Hubert Vermeersch, Kristiane Van Lierde
AIMS: Unrepaired clefts still regularly occur in resource-poor countries as a result of limited health-care access. The purpose of the present study was to report resonance, airflow and articulation characteristics following delayed (≥8years) primary palatal closure. METHODS: Fifteen Ugandan participants with cleft (lip and) palate (CP±L) were included as well as 15 age- and gender-matched Ugandan subjects without clefts. Palatal closure was performed at a mean age of 15;10 years using the Sommerlad technique...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675016/-velopharyngeal-closure-pattern-and-speech-performance-among-submucous-cleft-palate-patients
#7
Yin Heng, Guo Chunli, Shi Bing, Li Yang, Li Jingtao
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the velopharyngeal closure patterns and speech performance among submucous cleft palate patients. METHODS: Patients with submucous cleft palate visiting the Department of Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University between 2008 and 2016 were reviewed. Outcomes of subjective speech evaluation including velopharyngeal function, consonant articulation, and objective nasopharyngeal endoscopy including the mobility of soft palate, pharyngeal walls were retrospectively analyzed...
June 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661078/centre-level-variation-in-speech-outcome-and-interventions-and-factors-associated-with-poor-speech-outcomes-in-5-year-old-children-with-non-syndromic-unilateral-cleft-lip-and%C3%A2-palate-the-cleft-care-uk-study-part-4
#8
D Sell, L Southby, Y Wren, A K Wills, A Hall, O Mahmoud, A Waylen, J R Sandy, A R Ness
OBJECTIVES: To investigate centre-level variation in speech intervention and outcome and factors associated with a speech disorder in children in Cleft Care UK (CCUK). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate recruited to CCUK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Centre-based therapists undertook audio-video recordings. Perceptual analysis was undertaken using the CAPS-A tool...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658048/increased-activation-of-the-hippocampus-during-a-chinese-character-subvocalization-task-in-adults-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-palatoplasty-and-speech-therapy
#9
Wenjing Zhang, Chunlin Li, Long Chen, Xiyue Xing, Xiangyang Li, Zhi Yang, Haiyan Zhang, Renji Chen
This study aimed to explore brain activation in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) using a Chinese character subvocalization task, in which the stimuli were selected from a clinical articulation evaluation test. CLP is a congenital disability. Individuals with CLP usually have articulation disorder caused by abnormal lip and palate structure. Previous studies showed that primary somatosensory and motor areas had a significant difference in activation in patients with CLP. However, whether brain activation was restored to a normal level after palatoplasty and speech rehabilitation is not clear...
August 16, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655047/initial-observations-of-lingual-movement-characteristics-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Ignatius S B Nip, Carlos R Arias, Kristen Morita, Hannah Richardson
Purpose: This preliminary study compared the speech motor control of the tongue and jaw between children with cerebral palsy (CP) and their typically developing (TD) peers. Method: Tongue tip and jaw movements of 4 boys with spastic CP and 4 age- and sex-matched TD peers were recorded using an electromagnetic articulograph during 10 repetitions of "Dad told stories today." The duration, path distance, average speed, and speech movement stability of the movements were calculated for each repetition...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655045/effects-of-blocked-and-random-practice-schedule-on-outcomes-of-sound-production-treatment-for-acquired-apraxia-of-speech-results-of-a-group-investigation
#11
Julie L Wambaugh, Christina Nessler, Sandra Wright, Shannon C Mauszycki, Catharine DeLong, Kiera Berggren, Dallin J Bailey
Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects of schedule of practice (i.e., blocked vs. random) on outcomes of Sound Production Treatment (SPT; Wambaugh, Kalinyak-Fliszar, West, & Doyle, 1998) for speakers with chronic acquired apraxia of speech and aphasia. Method: A combination of group and single-case experimental designs was used. Twenty participants each received SPT administered with randomized stimuli presentation (SPT-R) and SPT applied with blocked stimuli presentation (SPT-B)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654940/consonant-acoustics-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-multiple-sclerosis-comparison-of-clear-and-loud-speaking-conditions
#12
Kris Tjaden, Vincent Martel-Sauvageau
Purpose: The impact of clear speech or an increased vocal intensity on consonant spectra was investigated for speakers with mild dysarthria secondary to multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease and healthy controls. Method: Sentences were read in habitual, clear, and loud conditions. Spectral moment coefficients were obtained for word-initial and word-medial /s/, /ʃ/, /t/, and /k/. Global production differences among conditions were confirmed with measures of vocal intensity and articulation rate...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654601/nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis-and-associated-abnormal-speech-and-language-development
#13
Sanjay Naran, Matthew Miller, Sameer Shakir, Benjamin Ware, Liliana Camison, Matthew Ford, Jesse Goldstein, Joseph E Losee
BACKGROUND: Although many metrics for neurodevelopment in children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis have been analyzed, few have directly examined early language acquisition and speech development. The authors characterized language acquisition and speech development in children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. METHODS: The authors' institutional database was queried for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis from 2000 to 2014. Patients with an identified syndrome were excluded...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599996/a-training-model-for-improving-journalists-voice
#14
Emma Rodero, Celia Diaz-Rodriguez, Olatz Larrea
Voice education is a crucial aspect for professionals (journalists, teachers, politicians, actors, etc.) who use their voices as a working tool. The main concerns about such education are that, first, there is little awareness of the importance of voice education, and second there is little research devoted to it. The consequences of this lack of training are indeed visible in professionals who suffer voice pathologies or work with little effectiveness. This study seeks to overcome this deficiency by proposing a training model tested with a control group and a pilot study...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599561/test-retest-repeatability-of-human-speech-biomarkers-from-static-and-real-time-dynamic-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Johannes Töger, Tanner Sorensen, Krishna Somandepalli, Asterios Toutios, Sajan Goud Lingala, Shrikanth Narayanan, Krishna Nayak
Static anatomical and real-time dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (RT-MRI) of the upper airway is a valuable method for studying speech production in research and clinical settings. The test-retest repeatability of quantitative imaging biomarkers is an important parameter, since it limits the effect sizes and intragroup differences that can be studied. Therefore, this study aims to present a framework for determining the test-retest repeatability of quantitative speech biomarkers from static MRI and RT-MRI, and apply the framework to healthy volunteers...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599553/between-speaker-variability-in-temporal-organizations-of-intensity-contours
#16
Lei He, Volker Dellwo
Intensity contours of speech signals were sub-divided into positive and negative dynamics. Positive dynamics were defined as the speed of increases in intensity from amplitude troughs to subsequent peaks, and negative dynamics as the speed of decreases in intensity from peaks to troughs. Mean, standard deviation, and sequential variability were measured for both dynamics in each sentence. Analyses showed that measures of both dynamics were separately classified and between-speaker variability was largely explained by measures of negative dynamics...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588065/the-hierarchical-cortical-organization-of-human-speech-processing
#17
Wendy A de Heer, Alexander G Huth, Thomas L Griffiths, Jack L Gallant, Frédéric E Theunissen
Speech comprehension requires that the brain extract semantic meaning from the spectral features represented at the cochlea. To investigate this process, we performed an fMRI experiment in which five men and two women passively listened to several hours of natural narrative speech. We then used voxel-wise modeling to predict BOLD responses based on three different feature spaces that represent the spectral, articulation, and semantic properties of speech. The amount of variance explained by each feature space was then assessed using a separate validation dataset...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585051/the-role-of-the-putamen-in-language-a-meta-analytic-connectivity-modeling-study
#18
Nestor Viñas-Guasch, Yan Jing Wu
The putamen is a subcortical structure that forms part of the dorsal striatum of basal ganglia, and has traditionally been associated with reinforcement learning and motor control, including speech articulation. However, recent studies have shown involvement of the left putamen in other language functions such as bilingual language processing (Abutalebi et al. 2012) and production, with some authors arguing for functional segregation of anterior and posterior putamen (Oberhuber et al. 2013). A further step in exploring the role of putamen in language would involve identifying the network of coactivations of not only the left, but also the right putamen, given the involvement of right hemisphere in high order language functions (Vigneau et al...
June 5, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574442/electrophysiological-indices-of-audiovisual-speech-perception-in-the-broader-autism-phenotype
#19
Julia Irwin, Trey Avery, Jacqueline Turcios, Lawrence Brancazio, Barbara Cook, Nicole Landi
When a speaker talks, the consequences of this can both be heard (audio) and seen (visual). A novel visual phonemic restoration task was used to assess behavioral discrimination and neural signatures (event-related potentials, or ERP) of audiovisual processing in typically developing children with a range of social and communicative skills assessed using the social responsiveness scale, a measure of traits associated with autism. An auditory oddball design presented two types of stimuli to the listener, a clear exemplar of an auditory consonant-vowel syllable /ba/ (the more frequently occurring standard stimulus), and a syllable in which the auditory cues for the consonant were substantially weakened, creating a stimulus which is more like /a/ (the infrequently presented deviant stimulus)...
June 2, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573094/long-term-follow-up-study-of-young-adults-treated-for-unilateral-complete-cleft-lip-alveolus-and-palate-by-a-treatment-protocol-including-two-stage-palatoplasty-speech-outcomes
#20
Isabelle Francisca Petronella Maria Kappen, Dirk Bittermann, Laura Janssen, Gerhard Koendert Pieter Bittermann, Chantal Boonacker, Sarah Haverkamp, Hester de Wilde, Marise Van Der Heul, Tom Fjmc Specken, Ron Koole, Moshe Kon, Corstiaan Cornelis Breugem, Aebele Barber Mink van der Molen
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists on the optimal treatment protocol for orofacial clefts or the optimal timing of cleft palate closure. This study investigated factors influencing speech outcomes after two-stage palate repair in adults with a non-syndromal complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of adult patients with a UCLP who underwent two-stage palate closure and were treated at our tertiary cleft centre. Patients ≥17 years of age were invited for a final speech assessment...
May 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
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