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speech articulation

Chun-Li Guo, Heng Yin, Jing-Tao Li, Cheng-Hao Li, Yang Li, Bing Shi, Qian Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the training technique, intervention timing, and other related factors involved in the speech therapy delivered to cleft patients with velopharyngeal competence after surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 32 patients who received phonology-articulation speech therapies during 2012 to 2013 in Dept. of Cleft Lip and Palate, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University. All patients achieved normal speech one year after therapy...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Daniel K Lee, Evelina Fedorenko, Mirela V Simon, William T Curry, Brian V Nahed, Dan P Cahill, Ziv M Williams
Morphemes are the smallest meaning-carrying units in human language, and are among the most basic building blocks through which humans express specific ideas and concepts. By using time-resolved cortical stimulations, neural recordings, and focal lesion evaluations, we show that inhibition of a small cortical area within the left dominant posterior-superior temporal lobe selectively impairs the ability to produce appropriate functional morphemes but does not distinctly affect semantic and lexical retrieval, comprehension, or articulation...
May 14, 2018: Nature Communications
Frank Seifart, Jan Strunk, Swintha Danielsen, Iren Hartmann, Brigitte Pakendorf, Søren Wichmann, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Nivja H de Jong, Balthasar Bickel
By force of nature, every bit of spoken language is produced at a particular speed. However, this speed is not constant-speakers regularly speed up and slow down. Variation in speech rate is influenced by a complex combination of factors, including the frequency and predictability of words, their information status, and their position within an utterance. Here, we use speech rate as an index of word-planning effort and focus on the time window during which speakers prepare the production of words from the two major lexical classes, nouns and verbs...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jason H Davidow, Heather L Grossman, Robin L Edge
PURPOSE: Voluntary stuttering techniques involve persons who stutter purposefully interjecting disfluencies into their speech. Little research has been conducted on the impact of these techniques on the speech pattern of persons who stutter. The present study examined whether changes in the frequency of voluntary stuttering accompanied changes in stuttering frequency, articulation rate, speech naturalness, and speech effort. METHOD: In total, 12 persons who stutter aged 16-34 years participated...
May 1, 2018: Language and Speech
Sara Nordio, Evanthia Bernitsas, Francesca Meneghello, Katie Palmer, Maria Rosaria Stabile, Laura Dipietro, Arianna Di Stadio
BACKGROUND: Speech disorders are common in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). They can be assessed with several methods, which are however expensive, complex, and not easily accessible to physicians during routine clinic visits. This study aimed at measuring maximum phonation times, maximum expiratory times, and articulation abilities scores in patients with MS compared to healthy subjects and at investigating if any of these parameters could be used as a measure of MS progression...
April 21, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Rana Dural, Özlem Ünal-Logacev
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to develop an iPad application for computer-aided articulation therapy called the Turkish Articulation Therapy Application (TARTU), and make comparisons between the efficacy of TARTU and printed material. METHOD: A single subject research design, adapted alternating treatments model, was used for this purpose. The study was carried out with 2 children, at the age of 5; 1 and 5; 11, both of whom have a speech sound disorder...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Lilly Tchoungui Oyono, Michelle Pascoe, Shajila Singh
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of speech and language disorders in French-speaking preschool-age children in Yaoundé, the capital city of Cameroon. Method: A total of 460 participants aged 3-5 years were recruited from the 7 communes of Yaoundé using a 2-stage cluster sampling method. Speech and language assessment was undertaken using a standardized speech and language test, the Evaluation du Langage Oral (Khomsi, 2001), which was purposefully renormed on the sample...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Sonia Granlund, Valerie Hazan, Merle Mahon
Purpose: This study aims to examine the clear speaking strategies used by older children when interacting with a peer with hearing loss, focusing on both acoustic and linguistic adaptations in speech. Method: The Grid task, a problem-solving task developed to elicit spontaneous interactive speech, was used to obtain a range of global acoustic and linguistic measures. Eighteen 9- to 14-year-old children with normal hearing (NH) performed the task in pairs, once with a friend with NH and once with a friend with a hearing impairment (HI)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jason A Whitfield, Christopher Dromey, Panika Palmer
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of speech intensity on acoustic and kinematic vowel space measures and conduct a preliminary examination of the relationship between kinematic and acoustic vowel space metrics calculated from continuously sampled lingual marker and formant traces. Method: Young adult speakers produced 3 repetitions of 2 different sentences at 3 different loudness levels. Lingual kinematic and acoustic signals were collected and analyzed...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Alison Kaye, Columbine Che, William L Chew, Elizabeth A Stueve, Shao Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To quantify a population of international adoptees from China with cleft lip and/or palate to assess presentations and team management practices. DESIGN: Single institution retrospective. PATIENTS: One hundred one patients with cleft lip and/or palate and history of international adoption from China. RESULTS: Forty-nine males and 52 females were adopted from 2001 to 2014. Median age at arrival was 26 months...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Ralitsa Yordanova, Ivan Ivanov
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental testing is essential for early recognition of the various developmental impairments. The tools used should be composed of items that are age specific, adapted, and standardized for the population they are applied to. The achievements of neurosciences, medicine, psychology, pedagogy, etc. are applied in the elaboration of a comprehensive examination tool that should screen all major areas of development. The key age of 5 years permits identification of almost all major developmental disabilities leaving time for therapeutic intervention before school entrance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Kenji Ibayashi, Naoto Kunii, Takeshi Matsuo, Yohei Ishishita, Seijiro Shimada, Kensuke Kawai, Nobuhito Saito
Restoration of speech communication for locked-in patients by means of brain computer interfaces (BCIs) is currently an important area of active research. Among the neural signals obtained from intracranial recordings, single/multi-unit activity (SUA/MUA), local field potential (LFP), and electrocorticography (ECoG) are good candidates for an input signal for BCIs. However, the question of which signal or which combination of the three signal modalities is best suited for decoding speech production remains unverified...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Julia Krebs, Evie Malaia, Ronnie B Wilbur, Dietmar Roehm
Research on spoken languages has identified a "subject preference" processing strategy for tackling input that is syntactically ambiguous as to whether a sentence-initial NP is a subject or object. The present study documents that the "subject preference" strategy is also seen in the processing of a sign language, supporting the hypothesis that the "subject"-first is universal and not dependent on the language modality (spoken vs. signed). Deaf signers of Austrian Sign Language (ÖGS) were shown videos of locally ambiguous signed sentences in SOV and OSV word orders...
April 5, 2018: Brain Research
Celine De Looze, Finnian Kelly, Lisa Crosby, Aisling Vourdanou, Robert F Coen, Cathal Walsh, Brian A Lawlor, Richard B Reilly
BACKGROUND: Speech and language impairments, generally attributed to lexico-semantic deficits, have been documented in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigates the temporal organisation of speech (reflective of speech production planning) in reading aloud in relation to cognitive impairment, particularly working memory and attention deficits in MCI and AD. The discriminative ability of temporal features extracted from a newly designed read speech task is also evaluated for the detection of MCI and AD...
April 4, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
Arne Kirkhorn Rødvik, Janne von Koss Torkildsen, Ona Bø Wie, Marit Aarvaag Storaker, Juha Tapio Silvola
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to establish a baseline of the vowel and consonant identification scores in prelingually and postlingually deaf users of multichannel cochlear implants (CIs) tested with consonant-vowel-consonant and vowel-consonant-vowel nonsense syllables. Method: Six electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles reporting consonant and vowel identification scores in CI users measured by nonsense words...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Amy Morgan, Mary O'Gara, Claudia Crilly Bellucci, Sebastian Linde, Meredith Albert, Arthur Curtis, Pravin Patel, Kathleen A Kapp-Simon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of international adoption (IA), age at palatoplasty (PR age), and velopharyngeal sufficiency (VPS) on articulation outcomes. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, prospective, observational study. SETTING: Outpatient hospital clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-one IA and 65 not-adopted (NA) children between the ages of 3 and 9 with nonsyndromic cleft palate with or without cleft lip...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Subramaniyan Balasubramaniyan, Vaidyanathan Raghunathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran, Roopa Nagarajan
Background and Aim: A community-based rehabilitation programme, Sri Ramachandra University-Transforming Faces project, was initiated to provide comprehensive management of communication disorders in individuals with CLP in two districts in Tamil Nadu, India. This community-based programme aims to integrate hospital-based services with the community-based initiatives and to enable long-term care. The programme was initiated in Thiruvannamalai (2005) district and extended to Cuddalore (2011)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Esti Blanco-Elorrieta, Itamar Kastner, Karen Emmorey, Liina Pylkkänen
Research on the mental representation of human language has convincingly shown that sign languages are structured similarly to spoken languages. However, whether the same neurobiology underlies the online construction of complex linguistic structures in sign and speech remains unknown. To investigate this question with maximally controlled stimuli, we studied the production of minimal two-word phrases in sign and speech. Signers and speakers viewed the same pictures during magnetoencephalography recording and named them with semantically identical expressions...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mary-Beth Beirne, Karen Croot
Phonological encoding of segments is thought to occur within a prosodically-defined frame, but it is not clear which of the constituent/s within the prosodic hierarchy (syllables, phonological words, intonational phrases and utterances) serve/s as the domain of phonological encoding. This experiment investigated whether segmental speech errors elicited in tongue-twisters were influenced by position within prosodic constituents above the level of the phonological word. Forty-four participants produced six repetitions each of 40 two-intonational phrase tongue-twisters with error-prone word-initial "target" segments in phrase-initial and phrase-final words...
March 31, 2018: Cognition
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