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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231799/the-minimally-invasive-approach-for-distal-radius-fractures-and-malunions
#1
Philippe A Liverneaux
This article reviews the author's currently used minimal invasive approach for volar plating of distal radius fractures. A single longitudinal incision of 1.5 cm is drawn on the lateral aspect of the flexor carpi radialis tendon in order to insert a plate under the pronator quadratus. With the wrist flexed, the plate is applied on the anterior cortex of the radius to reduce the fracture. This approach offers the advantage of preserving ligamentotaxis, which facilitates the reduction, and the small scar improves the cosmetics...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229541/results-of-percutaneous-fixation-and-distal-radius-core-decompression-in-scaphoid-waist-non-unions-treated-without-grafting
#2
S S Dedeoğlu, Y İmren, H Çabuk, A C Tekin, Y C Türe, H Gürbüz
Scaphoid non-union management is still a challenge in clinical practice for orthopaedic surgeons. Though several treatment methods have been described, there is an ongoing debate about optimum management. Based on new concepts about avascular conditions, promising results were reported with metaphyseal decompression of the distal radius by increasing the vascularization of the radial column of the carpus. We aimed to evaluate the clinical, radiological, and functional outcomes of distal radius core decompression and fixation with palmar percutaneous cannulated compression screws without grafting in patients with scaphoid waist fracture non-union...
December 8, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229540/in-vivo-confirmation-of-the-reliability-of-the-dorsal-tangential-view-of-the-wrist
#3
G Kiyak
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the reliability of the dorsal tangential view (DTV) of the wrist using direct visualization of the extensor compartments in vivo. Twelve patients with extensor tendon complications [nine patients with extensor synovitis, two patients with isolated extensor pollicis longus (EPL) rupture, one patient with EPL and extensor indicis proprius rupture] after volar plating of a distal radius fracture were enrolled in the study. We obtained DTVs in the operating room before implant removal and explored the extensor compartments during synovectomy or tendon reconstruction to confirm suspected screw penetration...
December 8, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198546/lack-of-experience-is-a-significant-factor-in-the-missed-diagnosis-of-perilunate-fracture-dislocation-or-isolated-dislocation
#4
Ilker Çolak, Halil I Bekler, Güven Bulut, Engin Eceviz, Deniz Gülabi, Gültekin S Çeçen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors contributing to the misdiagnosis of perilunate injuries. METHODS: The study included patients who had perilunate dislocation or fracture dislocation correctly or incorrectly diagnosed on initial examination between 2008 and 2014. Data related to the length of time until correct diagnosis of the perilunate injury; cause of injury; presence of associated fractures, polytrauma or concomitant trauma in the ipsilateral upper extremity; time between injury and first presentation; first treatment applied; presence of ligamentous perilunar injuries only or fracture and dislocation; inadequate radiographic assessment; and experience of the physicians were recorded and analyzed...
November 29, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196227/scaphoid-fractures-treated-with-a-volar-percutaneous-approach-analysis-and-results-in-92-cases
#5
G Luengo Alonso, V Jiménez Díaz, L Garcia Lamas, M A Porras Moreno, D Cecilia López
OBJECTIVE: Herbert type B1 and B2 scaphoid fractures can be treated by orthopaedic treatment or surgery. The aim of this study is to analyse results and complications of scaphoid waist fractures treated using the percutaneous volar approach. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We present a retrospective study of 92 patients, treated in our institution from 2006 to 2016 using a volar percutaneous fixation. Mean Follow-up was 16 months (range 12-48). Injuries were classified using Hebert's classification, including B1 and B2 fracture types; the other fracture types following this classification system were excluded...
November 28, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182126/a-comparison-of-ketamine-sedation-and-general-anaesthesia-for-manipulation-of-paediatric-forearm-fractures
#6
R W Jordan, A Aquilina, D J Westacott, S Cooke
The purpose of the study was to compare the use of ketamine sedation and general anaesthesia for manipulation of paediatric wrist and forearm fractures. A retrospective analysis was performed of patients under 16 years treated at our centre between October 2014 and October 2015. Exclusion criteria were open fractures and fractures with complete displacement. Outcomes measured were fracture reduction, the quality of the cast, fracture redisplacement, further surgical intervention and use of theatre time. 66 children were manipulated over the study period; 31 received ketamine sedation and 35 general anaesthesia...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181439/rest-activity-circadian-rhythms-and-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-men
#7
Tara S Rogers, Stephanie Harrison, Christine Swanson, Jane A Cauley, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Eric Orwoll, Katie L Stone, Nancy E Lane
Background: Disrupted rest-activity circadian rhythm (RAR) patterns have been associated with poor health outcomes (i.e. diminished cognitive function, increased risk of dementia and falls). Circadian time cues in bone influence the differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and bone turnover markers exhibit circadian variation; relationships between bone outcomes and RAR are emerging areas of research. We evaluated associations between RAR and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) at the total hip and femoral neck in older men from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) cohort...
December 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169592/distal-radius-fractures-in-a-functional-quadruped-spanning-bridge-plate-fixation-of-the-wrist
#8
REVIEW
Brian A Tinsley, Asif M Ilyas
Patients who require assistive devices with their hands for mobilization are called functional quadrupeds. These patients pose a unique challenge after they have a distal radius fracture, as their injury not only limits the wrist but also compromises ambulation. The authors propose a different treatment strategy for functional quadrupeds to improve mobilization and weight-bearing with the injured limb after a distal radius fracture. In this article, the authors define the functional quadruped and describe their technique of spanning bridge plate fixation with a retrospective review of patient outcomes...
February 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165015/lessons-learned-from-volar-plate-fixation-of-scaphoid-fracture-nonunions
#9
Seth D Dodds, John B Williams, Max Seiter, Clark Chen
Treating scaphoid nonunions presents difficulties particularly when there is bone loss, significant humpback deformity or avascular necrosis. We describe a new type of fixation with a volar scaphoid plate that adds to the methods of internal fixation that are available for the treatment of recalcitrant scaphoid nonunions. We will also discuss 'lessons learned' from a cases series. The case series includes 20 consecutive patients treated with volar buttress plating and a pedicled vascularized bone graft from the ipsilateral volar distal radius...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162658/hand-and-wrist-injuries-among-us-high-school-athletes-2005-06-2015-16
#10
Bernadette K Johnson, Lina Brou, Sarah K Fields, Alexandria N Erkenbeck, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: The risk of hand/wrist injuries is present across various sports. Little is known about the epidemiology of such injuries. The objective of this study was to calculate the rates of hand/wrist injuries and investigate injury patterns among high school athletes. METHODS: Athlete exposure (AE) and hand/wrist injury data were collected during 11 academic years, 2005/06 through 2015/16, from a large sample of US high schools as part of the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162244/locking-versus-non-locking-one-third-tubular-plates-for-treating-osteoporotic-distal-fibula-fractures-a-comparative-study
#11
Mario Herrera-Pérez, Maria J Gutiérrez-Morales, Ayron Guerra-Ferraz, Jose L Pais-Brito, Juan Boluda-Mengod, Gerardo L Garcés
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures represent the third most common fracture in elderly patients, after hip and wrist fractures. Distal fibula fractures in this population are closely related to osteoporosis, which renders commonly used methods of internal fixation technically demanding and prone to failure. Currently there is a tendency to fix osteoporotic metaphyseal and epiphyseal fractures with locking plates. However, published accounts about the use of this technology in osteoporotic distal fibula fractures are scarce...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153368/diagnostic-value-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct-in-occult-scaphoid-and-wrist-fractures
#12
Christophe Borel, Ahmed Larbi, Stephanie Delclaux, Franck Lapegue, Helene Chiavassa-Gandois, Nicolas Sans, Marie Faruch-Bilfeld
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the diagnostic value of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for scaphoid and wrist fractures that are missed on standard radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2014 and October 2015, we prospectively enrolled 49 patients with a clinically suspected scaphoid fracture following an acute injury but had normal radiographs. Each patients underwent radiographs, CBCT and (magnetic resonance imaging) MRI within 7days of the initial injury event...
December 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150382/changes-in-fall-risk-and-functional-status-in-women-aged-50-years-and-older-after-distal-radius-fracture-a-prospective-1-year-follow-up-study
#13
Katie Crockett, Jonathan P Farthing, Jenny Basran, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Geoffrey Johnston, Charlene R A Haver, Catherine M Arnold
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated the course of recovery after distal radius fracture (DRF) when functional decline and fracture risk may be affected. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to determine changes in overall functional status over the first year after a DRF in women aged 50 years and older. METHODS: Seventy-eight women were assessed for balance, balance confidence, lower extremity strength, gait speed, fall history, physical activity levels, and self-reported wrist pain and function (Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation) at weeks 1, 3, 9, 12, 26, and 52 after DRF...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143872/concomitant-hook-of-hamate-fractures-in-patients-with-scaphoid-fracture-more-common-than-you-might-think
#14
Ramin Mandegaran, Sam Gidwani, Ali Zavareh
OBJECTIVE: The scaphoid is the most commonly fractured carpal bone. The presence of a concomitant hook of hamate fracture is of particular relevance given that it is often occult on routine wrist/scaphoid radiographs and that hook of hamate fractures are prone to symptomatic non-union, resulting in chronic ulnar wrist pain. Prompt diagnosis and immobilisation/fixation may minimise such complications. Our study is aimed at assessing the frequency of concomitant hook of hamate fractures in patients with scaphoid fractures...
November 16, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132647/normative-data-for-the-patient-rated-wrist-evaluation-questionnaire
#15
Marjolein A M Mulders, Suzanne C Kleipool, Siem A Dingemans, Percy V van Eerten, Tim Schepers, J Carel Goslings, Niels W L Schep
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. INTRODUCTION: The Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) questionnaire is used to evaluate functional outcomes after treatment of wrist and hand injuries and nontraumatic conditions. Since patients commonly present with an injury, it is impossible to assess preinjury physical functioning. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the population-based normative data. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to determine the normative data for the PRWE questionnaire...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122370/effectiveness-of-the-graded-motor-imagery-to-improve-hand-function-in-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Burcu Dilek, Cigdem Ayhan, Gozde Yagci, Yavuz Yakut
STUDY DESIGN: Single-blinded randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Pain management is essential in the early stages of the rehabilitation of distal radius fractures (DRFx). Pain intensity at the acute stage is considered important for determining the individual recovery process, given that higher pain intensity and persistent pain duration negatively affect the function and cortical activity of pain response. Graded motor imagery (GMI) and its components are recent pain management strategies, established on a neuroscience basis...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122122/scaphoid-screw-placement-under-minimal-radiation-exposure
#17
Gloria M Hohenberger, Uldis Berzins, Bore Bakota, Patrick Holweg, Bernhard Clement, Stephan Grechenig
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous scaphoid fixation through either a volar or dorsal approach has the advantage of minor soft tissue damage compared with ORIF, and faster fracture union compared with conservative treatment. However, this technique demands highly intraoperative reliance on X-ray control, including increased radiation exposure and all associated side effects. PURPOSE: To test the possibility and efficacy of volar percutaneous scaphoid screw placement under minimalradiation exposure...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121783/trends-in-upper-extremity-injuries-presenting-to-us-emergency-departments
#18
Eric Wenzinger, Angel Rivera-Barrios, Gil Gonzalez, Fernando Herrera
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of upper extremity injuries presenting to emergency departments (EDs) nationally. METHODS: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) database was queried using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes specific for hand/wrist injuries to identify national estimates of ED visits. The incidence, mean age, gender, payer mix, hospital type, location (metropolitan vs nonmetropolitan), and geographic region were recorded...
November 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117828/dual-plating-technique-for-volar-rim-fracture-of-the-distal-radius-using-depuy-synthes-2-0-m-and-2-4-mm-locking-plates
#19
Yoshihiro Abe, Masahiro Suzuki, Hiromasa Wakita
BACKGROUND: To assess the surgical results of distal radius fractures with the involvement of a volar rim fragment using the DePuy-Synthes 2.0 mm and 2.4 mm locking plates. METHODS: Subjects were six women and one man of average age 57 years (range, 31-83 y) and a mean follow-up period of 9 months (range, 5-19 mo) with AO B3 (volar shearing) distal radius fractures. Time of the procedure, physical examination of wrist range of motion, grip strength compared with the contralateral healthy wrist, and radiographic evaluation (volar tilt, radial inclination, and ulnar variance) were evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117821/assessment-of-usefulness-of-anthropometric-data-for-predicting-the-scaphoid-and-the-screw-length-a-new-technique
#20
Darshan Kumar A Jain, Naresh Shetty, L Naveen Kumar, D C Sundaresh
BACKGROUND: Headless screw is frequently used for scaphoid fracture fixation. Aim of the study was to assess the correlation between the axial length of the scaphoid and the axial length of the middle phalanx of index, middle, ring and little finger so as to provide an indirect method to assess the length of the scaphoid and thereby the length of the screw. METHODS: Thirty five fresh frozen cadavers with seventy wrists and hands were dissected. The age, sex and side were recorded...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
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