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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346686/in-the-hands-of-doctors-touch-and-trust-in-medical-care
#1
William Ventres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346359/a-systematic-review-of-leadership-training-for-medical-students
#2
Oscar Lyons, Bruce Su'a, Michelle Locke, Andrew Hill
BACKGROUND: Leadership is increasingly being recognised as an essential requirement for doctors. Many medical schools are in the process of developing formal leadership training programmes, but it remains to be elucidated what characteristics make such programmes effective, and to what extent current programmes are effective, beyond merely positive learner reactions. This review's objective was to investigate the effectiveness of undergraduate medical leadership curricula and to explore common features of effective curricula...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346354/compassion-from-a-palliative-care-perspective
#3
Antonio Fernando, Conor Rea, Phillipa J Malpas
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core virtue in medicine and lies at the heart of good medical care. It connects us to each other and reflects our need for relationships with others. AIM: Our aim is to explore how palliative care patients perceive, understand and experience compassion from health professionals, and to inform clinical practice. METHODS: Seven hospice managers in the North Island of New Zealand were contacted and invited to join the study...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346352/compassion-defined-it-s-time-for-doctors-to-step-up
#4
EDITORIAL
Kate Grundy, Amanda Landers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345486/facilitating-pipeline-progress-from-doctoral-degree-to-first-job
#5
Nadine J Kaslow, Debra A Bangasser, Catherine L Grus, Stephen R McCutcheon, Garth A Fowler
The sequence of professional development within psychology from doctoral education to first job represents a period of remarkable professional and personal growth for each trainee. However, this sequence also contains a variety of barriers that hinder progress through the pipeline. The myriad individual-, program-, and system-level barriers encountered by trainees in health service/other applied service psychology and in research basic/applied psychology are identified. To actively and systematically facilitate improved passage through major transition points, individual trainee and trainer, program- and system-level action steps are recommended...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345405/abdominal-paracentesis-use-of-a-standardised-procedure-checklist-and-equipment-kit-improves-procedural-quality-and-reduces-complications
#6
J Fyson, L Chapman, M Tatton, Z Raos
Goals To evaluate the effect of a Standardised Procedure Checklist (PC) and Equipment Kit (EK) on procedural quality and complication rates for abdominal paracentesis. BACKGROUND: Paracentesis is a common invasive procedure performed by junior doctors. Audit of procedure conduct at two New Zealand hospitals in 2012 revealed poor performance across a range of quality measures including documentation of informed consent, excessive catheter dwell times, and inappropriate albumin prescription...
January 18, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344977/there-is-no-place-like-home-imitation-and-the-politics-of-recognition-in-bolivian-obstetric-care
#7
Gabriela Elisa Morales
This article examines how efforts to "culturally adapt" birthing spaces in a rural Bolivian hospital are generating debates among doctors about what constitutes proper obstetric care. Working at the intersection of national and transnational projects, NGOs in Bolivia have remade the birthing rooms of some public health institutions to look more like a home, with the goal of making indigenous women feel more comfortable and encouraging them to come to the clinic to give birth. Yet narratives of transformation also obscure ongoing conditions of racial and gendered inequality in health services...
January 17, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344910/mimesis-and-clinical-pictures-thinking-with-plato-and-broekman-through-the-production-and-meaning-of-images-of-disease
#8
Marjolein Oele
This paper contends, following Plato and Broekman, that (1) seeing images as images is crucial to theorizing medicine and that (2) considering clinical pictures as images of images is a much-needed epistemic complement to the domineering view that sees clinical pictures as mirrors of disease. This does not only offer epistemic, but also ethical benefits to individual patients, especially in those cases where patients suffer from chronic, debilitating, and terminal illnesses and where medicine provides no, or limited, answers in terms of treatment, intervention, and meaning...
January 17, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344747/healthcare-based-on-cloud-electrocardiogram-system-a-medical-center-experience-in-middle-taiwan
#9
Xiu-Shu Zhang, Fang-Yie Leu, Ching-Wen Yang, Lai-Shiun Lai
Electrocardiogram (ECG) as one of the best methods to measure irregular heartbeats is a dispensable method for doctor to diagnose Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) patients. Most medical centers in Taiwan implement the reduction of Door to Balloon (D2B) time, which is defined as the time interval starting when an Acute-Myocardial-Infarction patient arrives at the Emergency Department, and ending when a catheter guide wire crosses the culprit lesion as the acute-myocardial-infarction treatment on the patient in the cardiac catheterization room...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344527/medical-students-experiences-and-perspective-on-unprofessional-behavior-in-clinical-practice
#10
Zeinab Jamalabadi, Sedigheh Ebrahimi
Introduction: Recognition of professional and unprofessional behaviors is the most important and fundamental factor which affects the relationships between the doctors and patients. Therefore, in order to progress in their professional life, doctors are supposed to understand and follow these behaviors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive analytical study. All students in teaching hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences were eligible to participate (374 individuals with census method)...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344459/module-for-interns-in-medical-ethics-a-developmental-diegesis
#11
Rajiv Mahajan, Parmod Kumar Goyal, Tanvir Kaur Sidhu, Upinder Kaur, Sandeep Kaur, Vitull Gupta
Background: Media report is rife with incidences of doctor-patients' conflict, and this partly is due to communication gap and unethical practices being adopted by the doctors. Our regular curriculum fails to impart any training in ethical issues in patient care. Imparting training to students in these soft-skills is the need of the hour. Aim and Objectives: To develop a module for interns in medical ethics (MIME) in patient care, validate it and pilot run the module for standardization...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344385/improving-attendance-to-genetic-counselling-services-for-gynaecological-oncology-patients
#12
Hanoon P Pokharel, Neville F Hacker, Lesley Andrews
Background: Gynaecological cancers may be the sentinel malignancy in women who carry a mutation in BRCA1 or 2, a mis-match repair gene causing Lynch Syndrome or other genes. Despite published guidelines for referral to a genetics service, a substantial number of women do not attend for the recommended genetic assessment. The study aims to determine the outcomes of systematic follow-up of patients diagnosed with ovarian or endometrial cancer from Gynaecologic-oncology multidisciplinary meetings who were deemed appropriate for genetics assessment...
2018: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343945/the-impact-of-pharmaceutical-interventions-on-the-rational-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-a-chinese-hospital
#13
Chuanwei Xin, Zhu Dong, Mengmeng Lin, Gong-Hua Li
Background: The prescriptions of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have raised concern due to both huge increase in medical expenditure and the possible long-term adverse events caused by them; therefore, an approach to taper off the irrational use of PPIs by patients is clinically warranted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmaceutical interventions on the rational use of PPIs. Patients and methods: A single-center, pre- to post-intervention study (pharmaceutical interventions group and control group) was performed in a Chinese hospital...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343478/treatment-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-with-idarucizumab-in-a-patient-receiving-dabigatran
#14
Jennifer Mourafetis, Norman Doctor, Simon Leung
PURPOSE: A case report describing use of idarucizumab for dabigatran reversal without the use of hemostatic agents in a patient who developed acute upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding while receiving triple antithrombotic therapy is presented. SUMMARY: A 77-year-old man with a complex cardiac history presented to the emergency room with chief complaints of black tarry stools and low blood pressures for 4 days. His past medical history included recent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and drug-eluting stent (DES) placement, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, stage 3 chronic kidney disease, and cholecystectomy...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343423/request-for-hiv-serology-in-primary-care-a-survey-of-medical-and-nursing-professionals
#15
Myrian Pichiule-Castañeda, M Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, María D Esteban-Vasallo, Carmen García-Riolobos, M Carmen Álvarez-Castillo, Jenaro Astray-Mochales
INTRODUCTION: In the Community of Madrid there is 42.7% late HIV diagnosis. Primary care is the gateway to the health system and the frequency of serological tests requested by these professionals is unknown. The objectives were to establish the frequency of requests for HIV serology by medical and nursing primary care professionals in the Community of Madrid and the factors associated with these requests. METHOD: An 'on-line' survey was conducted, asking professionals who participated in the evaluation study of strategies to promote early diagnosis of HIV in primary care in the Community of Madrid (ESTVIH) about the number of HIV-serology tests requested in the last 12 months...
January 15, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343262/what-motivates-medical-students-to-select-medical-studies-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
Sonu Goel, Federica Angeli, Nonita Dhirar, Neetu Singla, Dirk Ruwaard
BACKGROUND: There is a significant shortage of health workers across and within countries. It is of utmost importance to determine the factors that motivate students to opt for medical studies. The objective of this study is to group and review all the studies that investigated the motivational factors that underpin students' selection of medical study in recent years. METHODS: The literature search was carried out by two researchers independently in PubMed, Google Scholar, Wiley and IndMED databases for articles published from year 2006 till 2016...
January 17, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343216/an-appraisal-how-notifiable-infectious-diseases-are-reported-by-hungarian-family-physicians
#17
Katalin Vraukó, Zoltán Jancsó, László Kalabay, Andrea Lukács, Gabriella Maráczi, Lajos Mester, Anna Nánási, József Rinfel, Tamás Sárosi, Ferenc Tamás, Albert Varga, József Vitrai, Imre Rurik
BACKGROUND: Within the frame of National Epidemiological Surveillance System, family physicians have an obligation to report infections and suspicions cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, daily practice and the reporting activities of Hungarian family physicians regarding to infectious diseases. METHODS: A self-administered survey was developed, validated and used. The survey was completed by family physicians who had taken part in continuous medical educational programmes of all Hungarian medical faculties...
January 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343139/the-impact-of-medical-school-assessment-on-preparedness-for-practice
#18
Christopher Robert Bennett, Naomi Mawhood, Mary Jane Platt
PURPOSE: As assessment is known to drive learning, this paper looks at the relationship between assessment practice across UK medical schools and graduates preparedness for practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It uses data on written and practical assessment at each medical school and the association with students' self-reported preparedness for working as a foundation doctor on graduation, and in particular the preparation related to clinical skills. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A negative correlation (β= -0...
January 18, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343080/voices-from-australia-concerns-about-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorder
#19
Denise Cummins, Donna Waters, Christina Aggar, David Crawford, Judith Fethney, Catherine O'Connor
This study aimed to determine whether people living with HIV (PLHIV) are concerned about HIV associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) and would find information and resources for HAND beneficial. An online survey focusing on the experience of HAND was distributed via the website of Positive Life New South Wales: a peak peer-support non-government organization in Australia. Of 126 respondents, 94 (74%) had heard of HAND, 52/94 (55%) had experienced concerns and of these, 48/52 (92%) felt anxiety about discussing the subject...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342284/two-ways-to-kill-a-patient
#20
Ben Bronner
According to the Standard View, a doctor who withdraws life-sustaining treatment does not kill the patient but rather allows the patient to die-an important distinction, according to some. I argue that killing (and causing death) can be understood in either of two ways, and given the relevant understanding, the Standard View is insulated from typical criticisms. I conclude by noting several problems for the Standard View that remain to be fully addressed.
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
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