Read by QxMD icon Read


Chen Fu, Chizhu Ding, Xianchao Sun, Ailing Fu
Nanotechnology plays an important role in the development of drug delivery, imaging, and diagnosis. In this study, nanocapsules containing protein-functionalized gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) as the shell and hydrophobic drug curcumin as the core were prepared as a tumor cell theranostic agent. After the nanocapsules were added into tumor cell media, they entered the cells with high efficiency and exhibited strong fluorescence within the cells. The results indicated that the nanocapsules were broken up in the cells and curcumin was released...
June 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Maurício de Maio
Consideration of facial muscle dynamics is underappreciated among clinicians who provide injectable filler treatment. Injectable fillers are customarily used to fill static wrinkles, folds, and localized areas of volume loss, whereas neuromodulators are used to address excessive muscle movement. However, a more comprehensive understanding of the role of muscle function in facial appearance, taking into account biomechanical concepts such as the balance of activity among synergistic and antagonistic muscle groups, is critical to restoring facial appearance to that of a typical youthful individual with facial esthetic treatments...
March 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Valérie Haydont, Bruno A Bernard, Nicolas O Fortunel
Ageing is today a major societal concern that is intrinsically associated with the increase of life expectancy. Outside the context of severe degenerative diseases that affect the elderly populations, normal visible signs of ageing, notably skin sagging and wrinkles, influence the social and individual perception of peoples. Accordingly, there is a strong demand for researches on skin ageing. Deciphering the cellular and molecular processes of skin evolution through ageing is thus an active scientific domain, at the frontier of tissue developmental and ageing biology...
March 13, 2018: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
Nasir Mehmood, Ranim Alayoubi, Eric Husson, Cédric Jacquard, Jochen Büchs, Catherine Sarazin, Isabelle Gosselin
Imidazolium ionic liquids (ILs) are promising solvents for lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) pretreatment and allow the achievement of higher ethanolic yields after enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanolic fermentation. However, residual ILs entrapped in pretreated biomass are often toxic for fermentative microorganisms, but interaction mechanisms between ILs and cells are still unknown. Here we studied the effects of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate [Emim][OAc] and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium methylphosphonate [Emim][MeO(H)PO₂] on Kluyveromyces marxianus , a thermotolerant ethanologenic yeast...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yi Sun, Liping Yan, Chaorong Li, Benyong Chen
Disordered wrinkles are widely observed in stiff film deposited onto a thermally expanded polymer when compressive stress exceeds the critical wrinkling stress of the film. Highly ordered wrinkles can be fabricated by introducing regularly arranged patterns on the polymer before deposition. However, the study on the morphological evolution of localized wrinkling patterns near defects on the stiff film/compliant substrate is neglected. In this paper, we show two morphological transitions of the local wrinkles induced by defects on an Au film/PDMS substrate...
March 19, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Ji Yeon Hong, Eun Ja Choi, Sun Young Choi, Kapsok Li, Beom Joon Kim
BACKGROUND: Comparative research on the characteristics of filler products is limited, especially in the preclinical analysis of hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to compare the preclinical characteristics, clinical efficacy, and safety of a new HA filler, IDHF-001, with Restylane SubQ in the treatment of nasolabial folds (NLFs). METHODS: Viscoelasticity and injection force were evaluated. Ninety-one subjects were enrolled in this randomized, patient/evaluator-blind, intraindividual clinical study...
March 13, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Hai-Yan Cheng, Yu-Xin Chen, Mei-Fang Wang, Jun-Ying Zhao, Lin-Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Pneumatic injections of non-cross-linked hyaluronic acid are effective in skin rejuvenation, however, the associated biophysical parameters and appearance have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To determine the changes in skin biophysical parameters after facial pneumatic injections of non-cross-linked hyaluronic acid. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy female volunteers received pneumatic injections of non-cross-linked hyaluronic acid into the face for consecutive 5 weeks...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
S P Paul
Objective There remains confusion between Langer's lines and wrinkle lines with respect to the optimal orientation of elliptical excisions on the trunk. This study sought to determine the directions of wound closure that would result in least wound tension after skin lesion excisions. Materials and methods Some 1181 consecutive skin lesion excisions were investigated (age range 13-95 years, median 64 years) using a tensiometer to determine directions of least wound tension. These lines were mapped. Skin tension measurements were taken during the procedure and analysed...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Elizabeth T Makino, Lily I Jiang, Priscilla Tan, Tsing Cheng, Rahul C Mehta
The growing male skincare market reflects the increased interest of men in addressing facial aging concerns and maintaining a healthy youthful appearance. Because of differences in skin structure and aging as well as in lifestyle and behavior, male facial skin presents unique challenges that may result in different priorities or treatment strategies compared to female skin. A clinical study was conducted to assess clinical efficacy and tolerability of a topical skincare treatment product that was developed to address several male facial skin concerns related to skin quality, skin aging, and shaving...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
H Yoshida, A Komiya, R Ohtsuki, A Kusaka-Kikushima, S Sakai, K Kawabata, M Kobayashi, S Nakamura, A Nagaoka, T Sayo, Y Okada, Y Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronan (HA) is an important constituent of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the skin, and HA degradation mediated by HYBID (KIAA1199) is suggested to be implicated in facial skin wrinkling in Japanese women. Ethnic difference in skin wrinkle formation is known between Caucasian and Japanese women, but no information is available for the relations of HA and HYBID expression levels with skin wrinkling in Caucasian women. METHODS: The skin surface roughness at the eye corner of the Caucasian female subjects was measured, and the skin specimens biopsied from the same areas were subjected to microarray gene analysis, HA staining, and immunohistochemistry for HYBID...
March 14, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
Riku Takahashi, Tao Lin Sun, Yoshiyuki Saruwatari, Takayuki Kurokawa, Daniel R King, Jian Ping Gong
Reinforcing hydrogels with a rigid scaffold is a promising method to greatly expand the mechanical and physical properties of hydrogels. One of the challenges of creating hydrogel composites is the significant stress that occurs due to swelling mismatch between the water-swollen hydrogel matrix and the rigid skeleton in aqueous media. This stress can cause physical deformation (wrinkling, buckling, or fracture), preventing the fabrication of robust composites. Here, a simple yet versatile method is introduced to create "macroscale" hydrogel composites, by utilizing a rigid reinforcing phase that can relieve stress-induced deformation...
March 13, 2018: Advanced Materials
Meejung Ahn, Hyun Ju Ko, Jeongtae Kim, Yeounghwan Jang, Taekyun Shin
Kudoa septempunctata (Myxosporea, Multivalvulida) is a parasite of the trunk muscle of cultured olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). We investigated whether K. septempunctata genotype ST3 spores induce cell damage and the secretion of inflammatory mediators in Caco-2 cells, which exhibit characteristics similar to human intestinal epithelial cells. Purified K. septempunctata spores were heated at 95 °C for 5 min. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release was measured to determine the efficacy of denaturation...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Miguel Arocena, Jorge M Pérez Zerpa, Andrés Di Paolo, Pedro A Aguilera, José Sotelo-Silveira
Cell migration involves the precise coordination between extension at the front of the cell and retraction at the rear. This coordination is particularly evident in fast moving cells such as fish keratocytes, where it leads to highly stable gliding motion, propelled at the front by broad, 0.1-0-2 μm thick lamellipodia. Transient uncoupling between extension and retraction can occur if the rear is temporarily stuck, which might eventually lead to cell shape instabilities. We have frequently observed in fish keratocytes the presence of lamellipodial radial wrinkles, detected by confocal, scanning electron and side-view microscopy as folds in the lamellipodium up to 2 μm in height...
March 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yan Liu, Yifu Huang, Guosheng Chen, Junlong Huang, Juan Zheng, Jianqiao Xu, Shuqin Liu, Junlang Qiu, Li Yin, Wenhong Ruan, Fang Zhu, Gangfeng Ouyang
Sensitivity and selectivity of the solid phase microextraction (SPME) in analysis are mostly determined by the coating material of the fiber used. Graphene oxide (GO) has attracted great attention because of its large specific surface area, rich oxygen functional groups, good dispersibility in aqueous solution and high reactivity. However, the low thermal stability of the functional groups limits the wide application of GO in SPME coating design. Highly cross-linked polyoxyethylene (POE) is a substrate widely used for composite material construction, which could significantly improve the thermal stability, water resistance as well as biocompatibility of the functional materials...
July 26, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Kakharman Yesmembetov, Natalya Satlikova, Zhanat Spatayev, Kulpash Kaliaskarova
We present a 21-year-old patient, remarkable for huge hepatomegaly with the liver, occupying almost the entire abdominal cavity, and mild portal hypertension due to splenic vein compression. After ultrasonography-guided liver biopsy, performed to establish the diagnosis, the patient had bleeding from the liver. Fortunately, emergency laparotomy was started immediately, and the patient was saved. Macroscopically, the liver appeared to be of purple-red color, flabby to the touch, and able to be easily wrinkled with fingers...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Weijie Liu, Nishuang Liu, Yang Yue, Jiangyu Rao, Feng Cheng, Jun Su, Zhitian Liu, Yihua Gao
Piezoresistive sensor is a promising pressure sensor due to its attractive advantages including uncomplicated signal collection, simple manufacture, economical and practical characteristics. Here, a flexible and highly sensitive pressure sensor based on wrinkled graphene film (WGF)/innerconnected polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanowires/interdigital electrodes is fabricated. Due to the synergistic effect between WGF and innerconnected PVA nanowires, the as-prepared pressure sensor realizes a high sensitivity of 28...
March 12, 2018: Small
Xiao Xu, Linying Lai, Xuyi Zhang, Jinhong Chen, Junnan Chen, Fei Wang, Jingchen Zheng, Minliang Chen
BACKGROUND: Scarring is the product of natural restoration, yet its treatment remains challenging. Both collagen and fibroblasts are abnormally abundant in scars, leading to scar hyperplasia or contracture. Several clinical studies have reported that wrinkles at the recipient site are reduced, pores are narrowed, pigmentation is decreased, and skin is softened after autologous fat transplantation. In this study, we investigated the ability of autologous chyle fat injection to normalize the fibroblasts and collagen of scar tissue in 80 adult patients with hypertrophic scars resulting from severe burns received more than 1 year previously...
March 9, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Jaehoon Ryu, Wookhwan Kim, Juyoung Yun, Kisu Lee, Jungsup Lee, Haejun Yu, Jae Hyun Kim, Jae Jeong Kim, Jyongsik Jang
A simple one-pot method is reported for the fabrication of uniform wrinkled silica nanoparticles (WSNs). Rapid cooling of reactants at the appropriate moment during synthesis allowed the separation of nucleation and growth stages, resulting in uniform particles. The factors affecting particle size and inter-wrinkle distance were also investigated. WSNs with particle sizes of 65 - 400 nm, inter-wrinkle distances of 10 - 33 nm, and surface areas up to 617 m2g-1 were fabricated. Furthermore, our results demonstrate the advantages of WSNs over comparable non-porous silica nanospheres and fumed silica-based products as an abrasive material in chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) processes...
March 9, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Minwoo Cho, Jee Hyun Kim, Hyoun Joong Kong, Kyoung Sup Hong, Sungwan Kim
PURPOSE: The colonoscopy adenoma detection rate depends largely on physician experience and skill, and overlooked colorectal adenomas could develop into cancer. This study assessed a system that detects polyps and summarizes meaningful information from colonoscopy videos. METHODS: One hundred thirteen consecutive patients had colonoscopy videos prospectively recorded at the Seoul National University Hospital. Informative video frames were extracted using a MATLAB support vector machine (SVM) model and classified as bleeding, polypectomy, tool, residue, thin wrinkle, folded wrinkle, or common...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Zhen Zhen, Zechen Li, Xuanliang Zhao, Yujia Zhong, Li Zhang, Qiao Chen, Tingting Yang, Hongwei Zhu
Portable humidity sensors with ultrafast responses fabricated in wearable devices have promising application prospects in disease diagnostics, health status monitoring, and personal healthcare data collecting. However, prolonged exposures to high-humidity environments usually cause device degradation or failure due to excessive water adsorbed on the sensor surface. In the present work, a graphene film based humidity sensor with a hydrophobic surface and uniformly distributed ring-like wrinkles is designed and fabricated that exhibits excellent performance in breath sensing...
March 8, 2018: Small
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"