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Chemical peeling

Jen-Yi Huang, Fengying Xu, Weibiao Zhou
BACKGROUND: With the ability to tailor wavelengths necessary to the photosynthetically active radiation spectrum of plant pigments, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer vast possibilities in horticultural lighting. The influence of LED light irradiation on major postharvest features of banana was investigated. Mature green bananas were treated daily with selected blue (464-474 nm), green (515-525 nm) and red (617-627 nm) LED lights for 8 days, and compared with non-illuminated control. RESULTS: The positive effect of LED lighting on the acceleration of ripening in bananas was greatest for blue, followed by red and green...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Se-Bi Jung, Youn-Jeong Cho, Jihye Lee, Kang-Bong Lee, Yeonhee Lee
Different fluorocarbon thin films were deposited on Si substrates using two different plasma polymerization methods. Fluorine-containing hydrophobic thin films were obtained using inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and capacitively coupled plasma (CCP) with a mixture of fluorocarbon precursors (C2F6, C3F8, or c-C4F8) and an unsaturated hydrocarbon (C2H2). Different process parameters for plasma polymerization (e.g., processing time) were used to generate various fluorocarbon thin films. The hydrophobic properties and mechanical properties of the new products were measured using a profilometer, water contact angle measurements, pencil hardness, and a 90° peel test...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ajay J Deshpande
Background: Acne vulgaris is a self-limiting, chronic inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit characterized by exacerbations and remissions. It is often the early manifestation of puberty, and in girls it appears relatively early. In women, acne tends to become aggravated during the menstrual period, pregnancy, and in those who are on progesterone. Acne treatment is divided into two parts: topical and systemic. For Grades 1 and 2 acne, topical treatment is sufficient, while for Grades 3 and 4 acne, systemic drugs such as tetracyclines and retinoids are required to control the symptoms...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Caio Henrique Nasi de Barros, Guilherme Crispim Faria Cruz, Willian Mayrink, Ljubica Tasic
Purpose: Despite the numerous reports on biological syntheses of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), little is known about the composition of their capping agents, protein corona of plant extract-mediated synthesis, and their influence on the properties of AgNPs. Here, orange ( Citrus sinensis ) waste was utilized as a source of an extract for AgNP synthesis (the protein corona composition of which was elucidated), and also as a starting material for hesperidin and nanocellulose extraction, which were used for bio-based AgNP synthesis...
2018: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
Tawfiq Alqurashi, Abdulla Alhosani, Mahmoud Dauleh, Ali K Yetisen, Haider Butt
Optical diffusers provide a solution for a variety of applications requiring a Gaussian intensity distribution including imaging systems, biomedical optics, and aerospace. Advances in laser ablation processes have allowed the rapid production of efficient optical diffusers. Here, we demonstrate a novel technique to fabricate high-quality glass optical diffusers with cost-efficiency using a continuous CO2 laser. Surface relief pseudorandom microstructures were patterned on both sides of the glass substrates...
April 4, 2018: Nanoscale
Sarvesh Gupta, Sudhir K Sastry
Currently, high concentrations (15% to 18%) of lye (sodium hydroxide) are used in peeling pears, constituting a wastewater handling and disposal problem for fruit processors. In this study, the effect of ohmic heating on lye peeling of pears was investigated. Pears were peeled using 0.5%, 1%, 2%, and 3% NaOH under different electric field strengths at two run times and their peeled yields were compared to that obtained at 2% and 18% NaOH with conventional heating. Results revealed that ohmic heating results in greater than 95% peeled yields and the best peel quality at much lower concentrations of lye (2% NaOH at 532 V/m and 3% NaOH at 426 and 479 V/m) than those obtained under conventional heating conditions...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Hema Sundaram, Angnieszka Cegielska, Agnieszka Wojciechowska, Patrice Delobel
BACKGROUND: This split-face, controlled study investigated the ability of a topical crosslinked hyaluronic acid formulation (RHA serum) to enhance clinical results from fillers, microneedling, or chemical peeling of aging skin. Previous comparative skin explant studies demonstrated greater efficacy of RHA serum than topical non-crosslinked high or low molecular weight hyaluronic acid in decreasing trans-epidermal water loss, increasing epidermal hydration, and improving corneocyte microstructure...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Min-Ho Seo, Seon-Jin Choi, Sang Hyun Park, Jae-Young Yoo, Sung Kyu Lim, Jae-Shin Lee, Kwang-Wook Choi, Min-Seung Jo, Il-Doo Kim, Jun-Bo Yoon
Nanowire-transfer technology has received much attention thanks to its capability to fabricate high-performance flexible nano-devices with high simplicity and throughput. However, it is still challenging to extend the conventional nanowire-transfer method to the fabrication of a wide range of devices since a chemical-adhesion-based nanowire-transfer mechanism is complex and time-consuming, hindering successful transfer of diverse nanowires made of various materials. Here, we introduce a material-independent mechanical-interlocking based nanowire-transfer (MINT) method, fabricating ultralong and fully aligned nanowires on a large flexible substrate (2...
March 28, 2018: ACS Nano
Chaoyi Peng, Zhuyang Chen, Manish K Tiwari
Superhydrophobicity is a remarkable evolutionary adaption manifested by several natural surfaces. Artificial superhydrophobic coatings with good mechanical robustness, substrate adhesion and chemical robustness have been achieved separately. However, a simultaneous demonstration of these features along with resistance to liquid impalement via high-speed drop/jet impact is challenging. Here, we describe all-organic, flexible superhydrophobic nanocomposite coatings that demonstrate strong mechanical robustness under cyclic tape peels and Taber abrasion, sustain exposure to highly corrosive media, namely aqua regia and sodium hydroxide solutions, and can be applied to surfaces through scalable techniques such as spraying and brushing...
April 2018: Nature Materials
Anatoly P Sobolev, Luisa Mannina, Donatella Capitani, Gabriella Sanzò, Cinzia Ingallina, Bruno Botta, Simonetta Fornarini, Maria Elisa Crestoni, Barbara Chiavarino, Simone Carradori, Marcello Locatelli, Anna Maria Giusti, Giovanna Simonetti, Giuliana Vinci, Raffaella Preti, Chiara Toniolo, Massimo Reverberi, Marzia Scarpari, Alessia Parroni, Lorena Abete, Fausta Natella, Antonella Di Sotto
A multi-methodological approach was applied to study red sweet peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) ecotype "Cornetto di Pontecorvo" grown in a greenhouse or in open field. This approach includes morphological analysis, chemical composition determination, and biological activity evaluation of different extracts from pepper fruits. Untargeted analyses, namely NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry, allowed the comprehensive pepper metabolite profile of pepper pulp, peel and seeds hydroalcoholic and organic extracts to be determined, showing the presence of sugars, organic acids, amino acids and other secondary metabolites...
July 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Janani Jacob, P Lakshmanapermalsamy, Ramanaiah Illuri, Damaji Bhosle, Gopala Krishna Sangli, Deepak Mundkinajeddu
Background: Punica granatum L. ( Lythraceae ) peel has been proven to exhibit widespread pharmacological application against multitude of diseases due to the presence of bioactive principles. Objective: The objective is to isolate the bioactive compounds from the pericarp of P. granatum and to evaluate the antioxidant activity of various extracts. Materials and Methods: Dried peel of P. granatum was extracted with aqueous acetone and chromatographed on Diaion HP-20...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Research
Gustavo R Velderrain-Rodríguez, Heriberto Torres-Moreno, Mónica A Villegas-Ochoa, J Fernando Ayala-Zavala, Ramón E Robles-Zepeda, Abraham Wall-Medrano, Gustavo A González-Aguilar
Mango "Ataulfo" peel is a rich source of polyphenols (PP), with antioxidant and anti-cancer properties; however, it is unknown whether such antiproliferative activity is related to PP's antioxidant activity. The content (HPLC-DAD), antioxidant (DPPH, FRAP, ORAC), and antiproliferative activities (MTT) of free (FP) and chemically-released PP from mango 'Ataulfo' peel after alkaline (AKP) and acid (AP) hydrolysis, were evaluated. AKP fraction was higher (µg/g DW) in gallic acid (GA; 23,816 ± 284) than AP (5610 ± 8) of FR (not detected) fractions...
March 19, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yao Liu, Zachariah A Page, Dongming Zhou, Volodimyr V Duzhko, Kevin R Kittilstved, Todd Emrick, Thomas P Russell
While perovskite solar cells have invigorated the photovoltaic research community due to their excellent power conversion efficiencies (PCEs), these devices notably suffer from poor stability. To address this crucial issue, a solution-processable organic chemical inhibition layer (OCIL) was integrated into perovskite solar cells, resulting in improved device stability and a maximum PCE of 16.3%. Photoenhanced self-doping of the fulleropyrrolidine mixture in the interlayers afforded devices that were advantageously insensitive to OCIL thickness, ranging from 4 to 190 nm...
February 28, 2018: ACS Central Science
Shalini Vemula, Mayra B C Maymone, Eric A Secemsky, Raphael Widjajahakim, Nicole M Patzelt, Dana Saade, Neelam A Vashi
BACKGROUND: Chemical peels have shown efficacy in the treatment of acne, photoaging, and pigmentary dyschromias; however, studies evaluating side effects, particularly in patients with skin of color, are limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the frequency of side effects and complications associated with superficial chemical peels in patients with skin types III-VI. METHODS: A 5-year single center retrospective analysis was performed...
March 5, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Yaoyao Huang, Yang Hu, Lvcun Chen, Tao Yang, Hanfang Huang, Runping Shi, Peng Lu, Chenghua Zhong
Low-cost biosorbents (ginkgo leaf, osmanthus leaf, banyan leaf, magnolia leaf, holly leaf, walnut shell, and grapefruit peel) were evaluated in the simultaneous removal of La3+, Ce3+, Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Gd3+, Yb3+, Lu3+, UO22+, Th4+, Y3+, Co2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, and Sr2+ from aqueous solutions. In single metal systems, all adsorbents exhibited good to excellent adsorption capacities toward lanthanides and actinides. In a simulated multicomponent mixed solution study, higher selectivity and efficiency were observed for Th4+ over other metal cations, with ginkgo leaves providing the highest adsorptivity (81...
2018: PloS One
Su Shiung Lam, Rock Keey Liew, Chin Kui Cheng, Nazaitulshila Rasit, Chee Kuan Ooi, Nyuk Ling Ma, Jo-Han Ng, Wei Haur Lam, Cheng Tung Chong, Howard A Chase
Fruit peel, an abundant waste, represents a potential bio-resource to be converted into useful materials instead of being dumped in landfill sites. Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is a harmful waste that should also be treated before it can safely be released to the environment. In this study, pyrolysis of banana and orange peels was performed under different temperatures to produce biochar that was then examined as adsorbent in POME treatment. The pyrolysis generated 30.7-47.7 wt% yield of a dark biochar over a temperature ranging between 400 and 500 °C...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Eun Hye Koh, ChaeWon Mun, Chun Tae Kim, Sung-Gyu Park, Eun Jung Choi, Sun Ho Kim, Jaejeung Dang, Jaebum Choo, Jin-Woo Oh, Dong-Ho Kim, Ho Sang Jung
A surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor comprising silver nanowires (AgNWs) and genetically engineered M13 bacteriophages expressing a tryptophan-histidine-tryptophan (WHW) peptide sequence (BPWHW) was fabricated by simple mixing of BPWHW and AgNW solutions, followed by vacuum filtration onto a glass-fiber filter paper (GFFP) membrane. The AgNWs stacked on the GFFP formed a high density of SERS-active hot spots at the points of nanowire intersections, and the surface-coated BPWHW functioned as a bioreceptor for selective pesticide detection...
March 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lorenzo Massimi, Antonella Giuliano, Maria Luisa Astolfi, Rossana Congedo, Andrea Masotti, Silvia Canepari
Recent studies have shown the potential of food waste materials as low cost adsorbents for the removal of heavy metals and toxic elements from wastewater. However, the adsorption experiments have been performed in heterogeneous conditions, consequently it is difficult to compare the efficiency of the individual adsorbents. In this study, the adsorption capacities of 12 food waste materials were evaluated by comparing the adsorbents' efficiency for the removal of 23 elements from complex multi-element solutions, maintaining homogeneous experimental conditions...
February 26, 2018: Materials
Venkataram Mysore, Omprakash H Mahadevappa, Shyamanta Barua, Imran Majid, Vishalakshi Viswanath, Ramesh M Bhat, Suresh Talwar, Salim Thurakkal, Sanjeev J Aurangabadkar, Manas Chatterjee, Anil Ganjoo
Background: Currently, the standard protocol regarding the performance of procedures on patients receiving or having recently received isotretinoin (13- cis -retinoic acid) states that the procedures should not be performed. The recommendations in standard books and drug insert require discontinuation of isotretinoin for 6 months before performing cosmetic procedures, including waxing, dermabrasion, chemical peels, laser procedures, or incisional and excisional cold-steel surgery. These recommendations have been followed for over two decades despite little evidence for the stated increased risk of scarring...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Anfal Alsharekh, Lucinda J Swatzell, Matthew T Moore
American bur-reed (Sparganium americanum Nutt.), a common aquatic plant in the middle and eastern United States and Canada, is often located in water-retaining drainage areas. The purpose of this study was to determine the leaf composition of S. americanum, paying attention to the cuticular waxes and the epidermis, and its ability to sorb pesticides. S. americanum leaves (n = 100) were collected in both early (June) and late (August) summer. Transverse sections of S. americanum were stained and studied with brightfield and fluorescence microscopy to estimate the structural and chemical nature of the leaf tissues cross sections...
February 26, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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