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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914132/associations-between-soluble-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-srage-and-s100a12-en-rage-with-mortality-in-long-term-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Eul Sik Jung, Wookyung Chung, Ae Jin Kim, Han Ro, Jae Hyun Chang, Hyun Hee Lee, Ji Yong Jung
Hemodialysis (HD) patients experience vascular calcification, ultimately leading to high mortality rates. Previously, we reported associations between soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGEs) and extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding protein S100A12 (EN-RAGE) and vascular calcification. Here, we extended our observations, investigating whether these biomarkers may be useful for predicting cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in these subjects. Thus, we evaluated the relationship between sRAGE and S100A12 and mortality in long-term HD patients...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913814/life-course-socioeconomic-adversities-and-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health
#2
Dayse Rodrigues de Sousa Andrade, Lidyane V Camelo, Rodrigo Citton P Dos Reis, Itamar S Santos, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Luana Giatti, Sandhi Maria Barreto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether life course exposure to adverse socioeconomic positions (SEP) as well as maintaining a low SEP or decreasing the SEP intra- and intergeneration was associated with an increased 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk predicted by the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (2008-2010) of 13,544 active workers from ELSA-Brasil cohort. Maternal education, leg length, social class of first occupation and education were used to evaluate childhood, youth and adulthood SEP...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913498/long-term-risk-of-second-malignancy-and-cardiovascular-disease-after-hodgkin-lymphoma-treatment
#3
Flora E van Leeuwen, Andrea K Ng
Long-term survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) experience several late adverse effects of treatment, with second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) being the leading causes of death in these patients. Other late effects have also been identified, such as pulmonary dysfunction, endocrinopathies (thyroid dysfunction, infertility), neck muscle atrophy, and persistent fatigue. HL survivors have two- to fourfold increased risks to develop SMNs and CVD compared with the general population...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912774/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-related-quality-of-life-between-men-and-women-5%C3%A2-years-after-a-coronary-angiography
#4
Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among men and women patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on HRQOL between men and women, 5 years after a coronary angiography. METHODS: The study included 1,289 out of 4,391 patients who had undergone an angiography in the National Institute for Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology, Luxembourg in 2008/2009...
December 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912210/relative-contributions-of-arterial-stiffness-and-hypertension-to-cardiovascular-disease-the-framingham-heart-study
#5
Teemu J Niiranen, Bindu Kalesan, Naomi M Hamburg, Emelia J Benjamin, Gary F Mitchell, Ramachandran S Vasan
BACKGROUND: The presence and implications of abnormal arterial stiffness, a potential independent predictor of outcomes, in community-dwelling treated hypertensives is unknown. Furthermore, limited data exist regarding the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with arterial stiffness across the entire range of blood pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) and classical CVD risk factors in 2127 community-dwelling participants (mean age 60 years, 57% women) of The Framingham Offspring Cohort...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911918/statin-use-and-self-reported-hindering-muscle-complaints-in-older-persons-a-population-based-study
#6
Milly A van der Ploeg, Rosalinde K E Poortvliet, Sophie C E van Blijswijk, Wendy P J den Elzen, Petra G van Peet, Wouter de Ruijter, Jeanet W Blom, Jacobijn Gussekloo
PURPOSE: Statins are widely used by older persons in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Although serious adverse events are rare, many statin users report mild muscle pain and/or muscle weakness. It's unclear what impact statins exert on a patient's daily life. Research on statin related side effects in older persons is relatively scarce. We therefore investigated the relation between statin use and self-reported hindering muscle complaints in older persons in the general population...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911653/cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-college-students-knowledge-perception-and-risk-assessment
#7
Dieu-My T Tran, Lani M Zimmerman, Kevin A Kupzyk, Scott W Shurmur, Carol H Pullen, Bernice C Yates
OBJECTIVE: To assess college students' knowledge and perception of cardiovascular risk factors and to screen for their cardiovascular risks. PARTICIPANTS: The final sample that responded to recruitment consisted of 158 college students from a Midwestern university. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed using convenience sampling. RESULTS: College students were knowledgeable about cardiovascular risk factors, but did not perceive themselves at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910546/study-of-the-triton-burnup-process-in-different-jet-scenarios-using-neutron-monitor-based-on-cvd-diamond
#8
G Nemtsev, V Amosov, S Meshchaninov, S Popovichev, R Rodionov
We present the results of analysis of triton burn-up process using the data from diamond detector. Neutron monitor based on CVD diamond was installed in JET torus hall close to the plasma center. We measure the part of 14 MeV neutrons in scenarios where plasma current varies in a range of 1-3 MA. In this experiment diamond neutron monitor was also able to detect strong gamma bursts produced by runaway electrons arising during the disruptions. We can conclude that CVD diamond detector will contribute to the study of fast particles confinement and help predict the disruption events in future tokamaks...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908540/the-role-of-race-and-ethnicity-in-sleep-circadian-rhythms-and-cardiovascular-health
#9
REVIEW
Kieren J Egan, Kristen L Knutson, Alexandre C Pereira, Malcolm von Schantz
In recent years, strong evidence has emerged suggesting that insufficient duration, quality, and/or timing of sleep are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), and various mechanisms for this association have been proposed. Such associations may be related to endophenotypic features of the sleep homeostat and the circadian oscillator, or may be state-like effects of the environment. Here, we review recent literature on sleep, circadian rhythms and CVD with a specific emphasis on differences between racial/ethnic groups...
June 3, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908504/association-of-resting-heart-rate-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-hypertensive-and-normotensive-rural-chinese
#10
Ming Zhang, Chengyi Han, Chongjian Wang, Jinjin Wang, Linlin Li, Lu Zhang, Bingyuan Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Hongyan Zhang, Xiangyu Yang, Yang Zhao, Junmei Zhou, Chao Pang, Lei Yin, Tianping Feng, Jingzhi Zhao, Xinping Luo, Dongsheng Hu
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-associated death (CVD death) with increased resting heart rate (RHR); however, whether the association is consistent in rural Chinese with hypertension and normotension is unknown. We examined the association of RHR and CVD death by hypertension and normotension status in rural Chinese people. METHODS: Baseline data for 20,069 participants ≥18 years old were collected during July to August of 2007 and July to August of 2008; 17,151 (85...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908300/serum-complement-c3-strongly-correlates-with-whole-body-insulin-sensitivity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Francesco Ursini, Salvatore D'Angelo, Emilio Russo, Franco Arturi, Lucia D'Antona, Caterina Bruno, Saverio Naty, Giovambattista De Sarro, Ignazio Olivieri, Rosa Daniela Grembiale
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by an excess of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk, attributable to a synergy between under-diagnosed traditional risk factors (i.e. insulin resistance) and inflammatory disease activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between inflammatory measures and insulin sensitivity in RA patients. METHODS: Forty non-diabetic RA patients (19 males) were recruited. All patients underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory evaluation and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
October 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906920/the-electronic-tracking-of-referral-and-attendance-at-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-counties-manukau-health-a-potential-model-for-new-zealand
#12
Andy McLachlan, Fiona Doolan-Noble, Mildred Lee, Katherine McLean, Andrew J Kerr
AIM: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes for patients surviving an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event are important and recommended by clinical guidelines. Referral and attendance, however, remain suboptimal and tracking both of these aspects to inform quality improvement has been difficult. The aim of this study was to describe the use of an electronic registry to capture referral and attendance at CR in CMH and to report the characteristics of the initial cohort. METHOD: We developed and implemented an electronic tracking tool, designed to be compatible with ANZAC-QI to monitor referral and attendance in a cohort of patients with confirmed ACS between 1 January 2013 and 1 January 2015...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906837/different-impacts-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-on-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-rancho-bernardo-study
#13
Jee-Young Oh, Matthew A Allison, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor
OBJECTIVES: Although the prevalence rates of hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus are slowing in some high-income countries, HTN and diabetes mellitus remain as the two major risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death in the United States and worldwide. We aimed to observe the association of HTN and diabetes mellitus with all-cause and CVD mortality in older white adults. METHODS: All community-dwelling Rancho Bernardo Study participants who were at least 55 years old and had carefully measured blood pressure and plasma glucose from 75-g oral glucose tolerance test at the baseline visit (1984-1987, n = 2186) were followed up until death or the last clinic visit in 2013 (median 14...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906836/visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variability-is-a-risk-factor-for-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jianqi Wang, Xubo Shi, Changsheng Ma, Hua Zheng, Jie Xiao, Hong Bian, Zhimin Ma, Ling Gong
OBJECTIVE: Clinical cohort studies have reported that visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure (BP) is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) or mortality. However, the results were not consistent in all studies. The current study is, therefore, aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the association between VVV of BP and CVD and all-cause mortality. METHOD: PubMed and EMBASE were searched through 18 May 2014, using the following terms: VVV, BP, CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD), myocardial ischemia, stroke, and mortality...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906796/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#15
Amit Assa, Yael Frenkel-Nir, Dorit Tzur, Lior H Katz, Raanan Shamir
BACKGROUND: Recent data have shown that adults with celiac disease (CD) may have a higher prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with the general population. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association of CD with CVD risk factors at late adolescence in a cross-sectional population based study. METHODS: A total of 2,001,353 Jewish Israeli adolescents who underwent a general health examination at median age of 17.1y from 1988 to 2015 were included...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906479/knowledge-and-practice-in-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-among-hospital-registered-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Shu Ding, Ying Deng, Sai Lu, Karen V Lamb, Ying Zhang, Ying Wu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the knowledge and clinical practices of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention among registered nurses (RNs) who worked on three major clinical units in Beijing hospitals. BACKGROUND: Health education on CVD prevention is an important component of nursing practice, however, Chinese RNs' knowledge and practice patterns have been poorly explored in previous studies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A stratified random sample of three hundred RNs was recruited from two tertiary hospitals in Beijing, China...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906382/laser-patterned-functionalized-cvd-graphene-as-highly-transparent-conductive-electrodes-for-polymer-solar-cells
#17
Luca La Notte, Enrica Villari, Alessandro Lorenzo Palma, Alberto Sacchetti, Maria Michela Giangregorio, Giovanni Bruno, Aldo Di Carlo, Giuseppe Valerio Bianco, Andrea Reale
A five-layer (5L) graphene on a glass substrate has been demonstrated as a transparent conductive electrode to replace indium tin oxide (ITO) in organic photovoltaic devices. The required low sheet resistance, while maintaining high transparency, and the need of a wettable surface are the main issues. To overcome these, two strategies have been applied: (i) the p-doping of the multilayer graphene, thus reaching 25 Ω □(-1) or (ii) the O2-plasma oxidation of the last layer of the 5L graphene that results in a contact angle of 58° and a sheet resistance of 134 Ω □(-1)...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905948/changes-in-life-expectancy-1950-2010-contributions-from-age-and-disease-specific-mortality-in-selected-countries
#18
Jochen Klenk, Ulrich Keil, Andrea Jaensch, Marcus C Christiansen, Gabriele Nagel
BACKGROUND: Changes of life expectancy over time serve as an interesting public health indicator for medical, social and economic developments within populations. The aim of this study was to quantify changes of life expectancy between 1950 and 2010 and relate these to main causes of death. METHODS: Pollard's actuarial method of decomposing life expectancy was applied to compare the contributions of different age- and disease-groups on life expectancy in 5-year intervals...
May 23, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905939/causes-of-death-in-vanuatu
#19
Karen Carter, Viran Tovu, Jeffrey Tila Langati, Michael Buttsworth, Lester Dingley, Andy Calo, Griffith Harrison, Chalapati Rao, Alan D Lopez, Richard Taylor
BACKGROUND: The population of the Pacific Melanesian country of Vanuatu was 234,000 at the 2009 census. Apart from subsistence activities, economic activity includes tourism and agriculture. Current completeness of vital registration is considered too low to be usable for national statistics; mortality and life expectancy (LE) are derived from indirect demographic estimates from censuses/surveys. Some cause of death (CoD) data are available to provide information on major causes of premature death...
March 15, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905359/-clinical-and-neuropsychological-features-of-alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-combination-with-cerebrovascular-disease
#20
N A Trusova, O S Levin, A V Arablinsky
AIM: To study clinical/neuropsychological and neuroimaging characteristics of Alzheimer's disease in the combination with cerebrovascular disease (CVD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety patients with dementia, including 35 patients with AD, 35 patients with mixed dementia (MD) and 20 patients with vascular dementia, were examined. The character of dementia was established according to NINCDS-ADRDA and NINDS-AIREN criteria. The neuropsychological battery included Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE-R), Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale (MoCA), fluency test and the visual memory test (SCT)...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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