keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cvd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723836/subjective-versus-objective-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-adherence-to-physical-activity-in-african-american-women
#1
Nadia Robinson, Arlene Miller, JoEllen Wilbur, Louis Fogg
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death for African American (AA) women in the United States. Despite high prevalence of CVD risk factors, AA women perceive their CVD risk as low. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to (1) identify relationships between subjective (self-reported perceived) CVD risk and objective CVD risk estimated by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) risk estimator, (2) identify demographic and psychosocial factors associated with subjective perceived risk and discrepancy with objective estimated CVD risk, and (3) determine whether subjective perceived CVD risk was associated with physical activity (PA) adherence...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722540/association-between-serum-uric-acid-level-and-hypertension-in-a-chinese-elderly-rural-population
#2
Lei Wu, Yao He, Bin Jiang, Miao Liu, Jianhua Wang, Di Zhang, Yiyan Wang, Jing Zeng
Previous studies have examined the association between elevated serum uric acid (SUA) level and hypertension; however, the association in the Chinese elderly is still uncertain. A cross-sectional study was performed in a rural district of Beijing. A total of 2,397 participants (967 men and 1,430 women) completed the survey. The SUA levels of participants were categorized into four levels using the quartiles (P25, P50, and P75) as cutoff values. Participant was diagnosed as hyperuricemia if the SUA level was ≥417 μmol/L (male) or ≥357 μmol/L (female)...
July 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722290/development-of-a-cardiovascular-diseases-risk-prediction-model-and-tools-for-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Eric Yuk Fai Wan, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Weng Yee Chin, Anca Ka Chun Chan, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
AIMS: Evidence-based cardiovascular diseases(CVD) risk prediction models and tools specific for Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) are currently unavailable. This study aimed to develop and validate a CVD risk prediction model for Chinese T2DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 137 935 Chinese patients aged 18-79 years with T2DM and without prior history of CVD, who had received public primary care services between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2010...
July 19, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722179/direct-synthesis-of-large-area-2d-mo2-c-on-in-situ-grown-graphene
#4
Dechao Geng, Xiaoxu Zhao, Zhongxin Chen, Weiwei Sun, Wei Fu, Jianyi Chen, Wei Liu, Wu Zhou, Kian Ping Loh
As a new member of the MXene group, 2D Mo2 C has attracted considerable interest due to its potential application as electrodes for energy storage and catalysis. The large-area synthesis of Mo2 C film is needed for such applications. Here, the one-step direct synthesis of 2D Mo2 C-on-graphene film by molten copper-catalyzed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is reported. High-quality and uniform Mo2 C film in the centimeter range can be grown on graphene using a Mo-Cu alloy catalyst. Within the vertical heterostructure, graphene acts as a diffusion barrier to the phase-segregated Mo and allows nanometer-thin Mo2 C to be grown...
July 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722106/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-exercise-role-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#5
REVIEW
Bente Klarlund Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Persistent inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). AIMS: The aim of this review was to provide the reader with an update of the mechanisms whereby exercise-induced cytokines may impact cardiometabolic diseases. RESULTS: Evidence exists that interleukin (IL)-1β is involved in pancreatic β-cell damage, whereas TNF-α is a key molecule in peripheral insulin resistance...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721313/2016-writing-contest-graduate-winner-cardiovascular-disease-training-for-community-health-workers-serving-native-hawaiians-and-other-pacific-peoples
#6
Chace DI Moleta, Mele A Look, Mililani K Trask-Batti, Tricia Mabellos, Marjorie L Mau
To help community health workers (CHW) meet increased demand for their services, it is essential to have data supported strategies for approaches to their training and capacity development. The objective of this paper is to report on the development, implementation, and evaluation of "Heart 101," a cardiovascular disease (CVD) training program, conducted among CHW in Hawai'i who serve Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Peoples (NHPP). Principles from Community-Based Participatory Research provided a framework to develop and implement the 5-hour training curriculum...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721059/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-dolutegravir-plus-backbone-compared-with-raltegravir-plus-backbone-darunavir-ritonavir-plus-backbone-and-efavirenz-tenofovir-emtricitabine-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-and-experienced-hiv-positive-patients
#7
Umberto Restelli, Giuliano Rizzardini, Andrea Antinori, Adriano Lazzarin, Marzia Bonfanti, Paolo Bonfanti, Davide Croce
BACKGROUND: In January 2014, the European Medicines Agency issued a marketing authorization for dolutegravir (DTG), a second-generation integrase strand transfer inhibitor for HIV treatment. The study aimed at determining the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of the use of DTG+backbone compared with raltegravir (RAL)+backbone, darunavir (DRV)+ritonavir(r)+backbone and efavirenz/tenofovir/emtricitabine (EFV/TDF/FTC) in HIV-positive treatment-naïve patients and compared with RAL+backbone in treatment-experienced patients, from the Italian National Health Service's point of view...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720250/cardiovascular-disease-and-perceived-weight-racial-and-gender-discrimination-in-u-s-adults
#8
Tomoko Udo, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: To date, most research on perceived discrimination and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has examined racial discrimination although other forms of discrimination may also impact physical and mental health. The current study investigated the relationship between three forms of discrimination (weight, race, and gender) and 3-year incidence of CVD in a large national sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: 26,992 adults (55.5% women) who participated in the 2001-2002 and 2004-2005 National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were included in this study...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718800/enriching-diet-with-n-3-pufas-to-help-prevent-cardiovascular-diseases-in-healthy-adults-results-from-clinical-trials
#9
REVIEW
Matteo Manuelli, Lucio Della Guardia, Hellas Cena
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) are believed to be important for cardiovascular health. Many investigations have been carried out in an attempt to examine the effect of n-3 PUFAs intake, in the form of supplementation or fortified foods, for the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and risk factors for CVD, whereas less is known about the effect on healthy individuals. The present study reviews the available literature in order to examine the relationship between n-3 PUFAs intake, either via supplementation or enriched food, and the prevention of CVD among healthy adults...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717854/pharmaceutically-treated-anxiety-but-not-depression-prior-to-cancer-diagnosis-predicts-the-onset-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
Dounya Schoormans, Lonneke van de Poll-Franse, Pauline Vissers, Myrthe P P van Herk-Sukel, Susanne S Pedersen, Nina Rottmann, Trine Horsbøl, Susanne Dalton, Johan Denollet
PURPOSE: To examine the associations between pharmaceutically treated anxiety and depression present in the year prior to breast cancer diagnosis and the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), while controlling for traditional cardiovascular risk factors and clinical characteristics in a population-based observational study. METHODS: Adult 1-year breast cancer survivors (n = 7227), diagnosed between 01-01-1999 and 12-31-2010, with no history of CVD, were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry...
July 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717329/statin-therapy-prescribing-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamed, Hasniza Zaman Huri, Shah M Azarisman, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi
Use of statin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been recommended by most clinical guidelines. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among T2DM patients. It has been proved that statins are effective for primary or secondary CVD prophylaxis. Reports have highlighted the underutilization of statins in clinical practice and the suboptimal adherence to guideline recommendations. This review article points to summarize the current evidence confirming the role of statins in T2DM patients and to provide an overview of factors that may affect statins' prescribing patterns and compliance in clinical practice...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716759/vitamin-d-levels-in-childhood-and-adolescence-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-cohort-of-healthy-australian-children
#12
Larry Ke, Rebecca S Mason, Louise A Baur, Chris T Cowell, Xiaoying Liu, Sarah P Garnett, Kaye E Brock
As the prevalence of obesity appears to be increasing in Australia's youth the overall objective of this study was to examine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations in a cohort of 8-year-olds (n=249) followed up at age 15 (n=162) and explore associations between 25OHD with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in these populations. This was done in two stages: the first, two cross-sectional analyses (at ages 8 and 15); and the second, a prospective analysis from age 8 to 15. At both ages data on 25OHD, blood lipids, and anthropometry were measured...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716457/interleukin-32-in-chronic-inflammatory-conditions-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Michelle S M A Damen, Calin D Popa, Mihai G Netea, Charles A Dinarello, Leo A B Joosten
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most frequent cause of death in developed countries. Their prevalence is higher in several chronic inflammatory conditions. This is likely due to the substantial contribution of the inflammatory status of the patients to the development and stability of atherosclerotic plaques. Recent evidence suggests that interleukin (IL)-32 may be involved in the conditions that contribute to CVD. IL-32 not only modulates important inflammatory pathways known to contribute to the pathogenesis of both inflammatory diseases and atherosclerosis, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α, IL-6 or IL-1β, but it has been also suggested to modulate endothelial cell function and the serum concentration of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)...
July 6, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716008/does-infection-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-have-any-impact-on-the-cardiovascular-outcomes-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Manish Pursun, Wei-Qiang Huang
BACKGROUND: A direct link between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has been shown in recent scientific research. However, this issue is controversial since other previous reports showed no apparent impact of HIV or its anti-retroviral drugs on the cardiovascular system. We aimed to systematically compare the postinterventional adverse cardiovascular outcomes which were observed in patients with and without HIV infection during a mean follow up period ranging from 1 year to 3 years...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715389/extraction-and-purification-of-polyphenols-from-freeze-dried-berry-powder-for-the-treatment-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-vitro
#15
Rafaela G Feresin, Shirin Pourafshar, Jingwen Huang, Yitong Zhao, Bahram H Arjmandi, Gloria Salazar
Epidemiological studies indicate that increased flavonoid intake correlates with decreased mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the United States (US) and Europe. Berries are widely consumed in the US and have a high polyphenolic content. Polyphenols have been shown to interact with many molecular targets and to exert numerous positive biological functions, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cardioprotective effects. Polyphenols isolated from blackberry (BL), raspberry (RB), and black raspberry (BRB) reduce oxidative stress and cellular senescence in response to angiotensin II (Ang II)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715345/local-oxidation-and-reduction-of-graphene
#16
Yi-Zhe Hong, Wei-Huan Chiang, Hung-Chieh Tsai, Min-Chiang Chuang, Yen-Chien Kuo, Lo-Yueh Chang, Chia-Hao Chen, Jonathon David White, Wei-Yen Woon
Micrometer sized oxidation patterns were created in chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown graphene through scanning probe lithography (SPL) and then subsequently reduced by irradiation using a focused x-ray beam. Throughout the process, the films were characterized by lateral force microscopy (LFM), micro-Raman (µ-RS) and micro-x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (µ-XPS). Firstly, the density of grain boundaries was found to be crucial in determining the maximum possible oxygen coverage with SPL. Secondly, the dominate factor in SPL oxidation was found to be the bias voltage...
July 17, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715234/is-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-associated-with-serum-levels-of-mmp-2-lox-and-the-elastin-degradation-products-elm-and-elm-2
#17
Simone Andrea Rørdam Preil, Anne-Sofie Faarvang Thorsen, Anne Lindegaard Christiansen, Mikael Kjær Poulsen, Morten Asser Karsdal, Diana Julie Leeming, Lars Melholt Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) is a significant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). In a previous microarray study of internal mammary arteries from patients with and without T2DM, we observed several elastin-related genes with altered mRNA-expression in diabetic patients, namely matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), lysyl oxidase (LOX) and elastin itself. In this study we investigate whether the serum concentrations of elastin-related proteins correlate to signs of CVD in patients with T2DM...
July 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715065/hypertension-dyslipidemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-hiv-infected-adults-in-poland
#18
Magdalena Rogalska-Płońska, Paweł Rogalski, Magdalena Leszczyszyn-Pynka, Justyna Stempkowska, Piotr Kocbach, Aldona Kowalczuk-Kot, Małgorzata Janczarek, Anna Grzeszczuk
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in HIV infected patients increases with aging and duration of the disease. Hypertension (HA), high cholesterol level obesity, diabetes, tobacco exposure and use of alcohol are among the traditional risk factors that contribute to CVD. AIM: was to determinate the incidence of HA, lipid disturbances and CVD risk in dependence on clinical, viral and biochemical factors. METHODS: Four hundred and seventeen HIV infected Caucasian adult patients from the four clinical centers in Poland were enrolled and analyzed on the basis of available medical data from the years 2013-2015...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714975/association-analyses-based-on-false-discovery-rate-implicate-new-loci-for-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Christopher P Nelson, Anuj Goel, Adam S Butterworth, Stavroula Kanoni, Tom R Webb, Eirini Marouli, Lingyao Zeng, Ioanna Ntalla, Florence Y Lai, Jemma C Hopewell, Olga Giannakopoulou, Tao Jiang, Stephen E Hamby, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Themistocles L Assimes, Erwin P Bottinger, John C Chambers, Robert Clarke, Colin N A Palmer, Richard M Cubbon, Patrick Ellinor, Raili Ermel, Evangelos Evangelou, Paul W Franks, Christopher Grace, Dongfeng Gu, Aroon D Hingorani, Joanna M M Howson, Erik Ingelsson, Adnan Kastrati, Thorsten Kessler, Theodosios Kyriakou, Terho Lehtimäki, Xiangfeng Lu, Yingchang Lu, Winfried März, Ruth McPherson, Andres Metspalu, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Arno Ruusalepp, Eric E Schadt, Amand F Schmidt, Michael J Sweeting, Pierre A Zalloua, Kamal AlGhalayini, Bernard D Keavney, Jaspal S Kooner, Ruth J F Loos, Riyaz S Patel, Martin K Rutter, Maciej Tomaszewski, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Eleftheria Zeggini, Jeanette Erdmann, George Dedoussis, Johan L M Björkegren, Heribert Schunkert, Martin Farrall, John Danesh, Nilesh J Samani, Hugh Watkins, Panos Deloukas
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in coronary artery disease (CAD) had identified 66 loci at 'genome-wide significance' (P < 5 × 10(-8)) at the time of this analysis, but a much larger number of putative loci at a false discovery rate (FDR) of 5% (refs. 1,2,3,4). Here we leverage an interim release of UK Biobank (UKBB) data to evaluate the validity of the FDR approach. We tested a CAD phenotype inclusive of angina (SOFT; ncases = 10,801) as well as a stricter definition without angina (HARD; ncases = 6,482) and selected cases with the former phenotype to conduct a meta-analysis using the two most recent CAD GWAS...
July 17, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714810/advances-in-cardiovascular-health-in-women-over-the-past-decade-guideline-recommendations-for-practice
#20
Pejman Raeisi-Giglou, Annabelle Santos Volgman, Hena Patel, Susan Campbell, Amparo Villablanca, Eileen Hsich
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the number one cause of death in women. It is estimated that 44 million women in the United States are either living with or at risk for heart disease. This article highlights the recent significant progress made in improving care, clinical decision-making, and policy implications for women with CVD. We provide our perspective supported by evidence-based advances in cardiovascular research and clinical care guidelines in seven areas: (1) primary CVD prevention and community heart care, (2) secondary prevention of CVD, (3) stroke, (4) heart failure and cardiomyopathies, (5) ischemia with nonobstructive coronary artery disease, (6) spontaneous coronary artery dissection, and (7) arrhythmias and device therapies...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
keyword
keyword
31227
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"