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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637151/work-related-experiences-of-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-an-exploratory-and-descriptive-qualitative-study
#1
Carolyn S Dewa, Lucy Trojanowski, Sietske J Tamminga, Jolie Ringash, Maurene McQuestion, Jeffrey S Hoch
PURPOSE: This exploratory and descriptive study contributes to the growing knowledge about the return-to-work (RTW) experience of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. Viewing RTW as a process, participants were asked to consider the work-related experience with HNC at different phases: (1) at diagnosis/pre-treatment, (2) working during treatment (if the respondent did not take a work disability leave), and (3) post-treatment/RTW (if the respondent took a work disability leave). METHODS: Data were gathered in nine individual semi-structured in-depth interviews with patients receiving treatment at a quaternary cancer center's HNC clinic in Ontario, Canada...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637150/family-matters-compensable-injury-and-the-effect-on-family
#2
Agnieszka Kosny, Sharon Newnam, Alex Collie
PURPOSE: It is well acknowledged that involvement in injury compensation processes can have a substantial impact on the recovery of the injured person. However, little attention has been given to the social or family consequences of compensable injury. The aims of this study were to better understand both the impact of compensable injury on the family and the role that families play after an injury, throughout the compensation process, and during return to work. METHODS: Eighteen injured persons and nine family members recruited through three compensation authorities in Victoria (Australia) were interviewed...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637132/international-employee-perspectives-on-disability-management
#3
Shannon Wagner, Nicholas Buys, Ignatius Yu, Thomas Geisen, Henry Harder, Christine Randall, Alex Fraess-Phillips, Benedikt Hassler, Liz Scott, Karen Lo, Dan Tang, Caroline Howe
PURPOSE: To provide an international analysis of employees' views of the influence of disability management (DM) on the workplace. METHODOLOGY: An international research team with representation from Australia, Canada, China, and Switzerland collected survey data from employees in public and private companies in their respective regions. Due to lack of availability of current measures, a research team-created survey was used and a total of 1201 respondents were collected across the four countries...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637069/-preference-changes-regarding-future-work-area-and-intended-position-among-german-residents-after-four-years-of-residency
#4
Stine Ziegler, Hendrik van den Bussche, Farina Römer, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Introduction We investigated the preferences of medical residents in Germany with regard to future working place (hospital or private practice) and position (employment/self-employment in private practice; resp. specialist/senior or chief physician in the hospital). This is analysed in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods Annual postal surveys among graduates of seven medical faculties in Germany from their last year ("Practical Year") until after four years of postgraduate training...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636311/insights-into-integrated-lead-generation-and-target-identification-in-malaria-and-tuberculosis-drug-discovery
#5
John Okombo, Kelly Chibale
New, safe and effective drugs are urgently needed to treat and control malaria and tuberculosis, which affect millions of people annually. However, financial return on investment in the poor settings where these diseases are mostly prevalent is very minimal to support market-driven drug discovery and development. Moreover, the imminent loss of therapeutic lifespan of existing therapies due to evolution and spread of drug resistance further compounds the urgency to identify novel effective drugs. However, the advent of new public-private partnerships focused on tropical diseases and the recent release of large data sets by pharmaceutical companies on antimalarial and antituberculosis compounds derived from phenotypic whole cell high throughput screening have spurred renewed interest and opened new frontiers in malaria and tuberculosis drug discovery...
June 21, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635612/consequences-of-lipopolysaccharide-and-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-administration-on-aortic-function-of-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#6
Barbara Kaprinay, Ruzena Sotnikova, Karel Frimmel, Jakub Krizak, Iveta Bernatova, Jana Navarova, Ludmila Okruhlicova
The aim of the work was to study the delayed effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration on endothelial function of the aorta of rats with genetic hypertension. Further, the possibility to ameliorate LPS-induced changes by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) was tested. Rats received a bolus of 1 mg/kg LPS i.p.; n-3 PUFA were administered in the dose of 30 mg/kg daily for 10 days p.o.. Ten days after receiving of LPS, the body weight gain of rats was statistically lower compared to control rats (p < 0...
July 2017: General Physiology and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#7
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635434/mental-health-professionals-and-media-professionals-a-survey-of-attitudes-towards-one-another
#8
Beth Chapman, Rohit Shankar, Joanne Palmer, Richard Laugharne
BACKGROUND: The general public regard mass media as their main source of information about mental illness. Psychiatrists are reluctant to engage with the media. There is little understanding of why this is the case. AIMS: The paper looks to explore attitudes of mental health clinicians and the media towards one another. METHOD: Media and mental health clinicians in the southwest of England completed self-report surveys. RESULTS: Of 119 questionnaires returned 85 were mental health clinicians and 34 media professionals...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635334/timing-of-food-intake-during-simulated-night-shift-impacts-glucose-metabolism-a-controlled-study
#9
Crystal L Grant, Alison M Coates, Jillian Dorrian, David J Kennaway, Gary A Wittert, Leonie K Heilbronn, Maja Pajcin, Chris Della Vedova, Charlotte C Gupta, Siobhan Banks
Eating during the night may increase the risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes in shift workers. This study examined the impact of either eating or not eating a meal at night on glucose metabolism. Participants underwent four nights of simulated night work (SW1-4, 16:00-10:00 h, <50 lux) with a daytime sleep opportunity each day (10:00-16:00 h, <3 lux). Healthy males were assigned to an eating at night (NE; n = 4, meals; 07:00, 19:00 and 01:30 h) or not eating at night (NEN; n = 7, meals; 07:00 h, 09:30, 16:10 and 19:00 h) condition...
June 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634448/from-behavioral-facilitation-to-inhibition-the-neuronal-correlates-of-the-orienting-and-reorienting-of-auditory-attention
#10
Faith M Hanlon, Andrew B Dodd, Josef M Ling, Juan R Bustillo, Christopher C Abbott, Andrew R Mayer
Successful adaptive behavior relies on the ability to automatically (bottom-up) orient attention to different locations in the environment. This results in a biphasic pattern in which reaction times (RT) are faster for stimuli that occur in the same spatial location (valid) for the first few hundred milliseconds, which is termed facilitation. This is followed by faster RT for stimuli that appear in novel locations (invalid) after longer delays, termed inhibition of return. The neuronal areas and networks involved in the transition between states of facilitation and inhibition remain poorly understood, especially for auditory stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633884/differences-in-practice-characteristics-between-male-and-female-chiropractors-in-switzerland
#11
Regina Vollenweider, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVES: A total of 75% of the chiropractic medicine students in the new program at the University of Zürich are women, which is in stark contrast to the traditional ratio of chiropractors in Switzerland, where 75% have been men. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare work behaviors between female and male chiropractors relating to workload, patient variety, and chiropractic treatment techniques. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from the Swiss Job Analysis 2009 study...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633778/results-of-hemicap-%C3%A2-implantation-as-a-salvage-procedure-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus
#12
Sarah Ettinger, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Hazibullah Waizy, Christoph Becher, Daiwei Yao, Leif Claassen, Yvonne Noll, Christian Plaass
Osteochondral defects (OCDs) of the talus remain a surgical challenge, especially after failed primary treatment. The aim of the present study was to examine the clinical outcomes after HemiCAP(®) implantation for OCDs of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgery. Our retrospective study included 11 patients, who had undergone surgery from June 2009 to September 2012 for an OCD of the medial talar dome and received a HemiCAP(®) on the talus after failed previous surgery for OCD. The data were acquired using patients' medical records and standardized questionnaires, including the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score, EQ-5D, numerical rating scale (NRS), and Short-Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633334/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-gambian-health-practitioners-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-and-microbiological-testing-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Pa Saidou Chaw, Kristin Maria Schlinkmann, Heike Raupach-Rosin, André Karch, Mathias W Pletz, Johannes Huebner, Rafael Mikolajczyk
Background: Inappropriate antibiotic use is the leading cause of antibiotic resistance worldwide. At the same time, the practice of antibiotic prescribing in Africa is less well documented when compared to developed countries. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of health practitioners towards antibiotic prescribing and microbiological testing in The Gambia. Methods: A KAP survey was conducted in The Gambia from March to May 2016...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631816/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-to-improve-occupational-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
K Suresh Kumar, Selvaraj Samuelkamaleshkumar, Anand Viswanathan, Ashish S Macaden
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment in people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) could affect multiple facets of their daily functioning. Cognitive rehabilitation brings about clinically significant improvement in certain cognitive skills. However, it is uncertain if these improved cognitive skills lead to betterments in other key aspects of daily living. We evaluated whether cognitive rehabilitation for people with TBI improves return to work, independence in daily activities, community integration and quality of life...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631501/ambivalence-in-rehabilitation-thematic-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-lower-limb-amputated-veterans
#15
Jan Christensen, Henning Langberg, Patrick Doherty, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the organization and factors of importance to rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputation is sparse. The aim of this study was, therefore, to improve understanding of the influences of "military identity" on the organization of rehabilitation services and to investigate those factors influential in achieving successful rehabilitation, including interprofessional collaboration between different sectors involved in the rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputations...
June 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630718/ability-to-return-to-work-without-restrictions-in-workers-compensation-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy
#16
Simon Lee, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Randy Mascarenhas, Thomas H Wuerz, Richard C Mather, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Shane J Nho
The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of worker's compensation (WC) patients to return to work without restrictions after hip arthroscopy. Twenty-nine WC patients along with age and gender matched controls who underwent hip arthroscopy were retrospectively reviewed after achieving maximum medical improvement (MMI) status at minimum 1 year postoperatively. Patient demographic factors were evaluated, along with the Hip Outcome Score Activities of Daily Living and Sports-Specific subscales, and the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS)...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630058/psychological-morbidity-and-return-to-work-after-injury-multicentre-cohort-study
#17
Denise Kendrick, Paula Dhiman, Blerina Kellezi, Carol Coupland, Jessica Whitehead, Kate Beckett, Nicola Christie, Judith Sleney, Jo Barnes, Stephen Joseph, Richard Morriss
BACKGROUND: The benefits of work for physical, psychological, and financial wellbeing are well documented. Return to work (RTW) after unintentional injury is often delayed, and psychological morbidity may contribute to this delay. The impact of psychological morbidity on RTW after a wide range of unintentional injuries in the UK has not been adequately quantified. AIM: To quantify the role of psychological factors, including anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic distress, on RTW following unintentional injuries...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630000/betaine-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-expression-during-physiological-cardiac-hypertrophy-induced-by-pregnancy
#18
Jesús Alfredo Rosas-Rodríguez, José Guadalupe Soñanez-Organis, José Arquimides Godoy-Lugo, Juan Alberto Espinoza-Salazar, Cesar Jeravy López-Jacobo, Norma Aurora Stephens-Camacho, Guadalupe González-Ochoa
Betaine Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (betaine aldehyde: NAD(P)(+) oxidoreductase, (E.C. 1.2.1.8; BADH) catalyze the irreversible oxidation of betaine aldehyde (BA) to glycine betaine (GB) and is essential for polyamine catabolism, γ-aminobutyric acid synthesis, and carnitine biosynthesis. GB is an important osmolyte that regulates the homocysteine levels, contributing to a vascular risk factor reduction. In this sense, distinct investigations describe the physiological roles of GB, but there is a lack of information about the GB novo synthesis process and regulation during cardiac hypertrophy induced by pregnancy...
June 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629990/employment-stability-in-veterans-and-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#19
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Mary Jo Pugh, Bridget A Cotner, Marc A Silva, Adam Haskin, Xinyu Tang, Marie E Saylors, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To examine incidence and predictors of employment stability in Veterans and Military Service Members (V/SM) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who return to work. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Four Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (PRCs). PARTICIPANTS: 110 V/SM with mild (26%), moderate (22%), or severe (52%) TBI enrolled in the VA PRC TBI Model Systems database within 2 years of injury who were discharged between January 2009 and June 2015...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628790/associated-illness-severity-in-schizophrenia-and-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Benjamin I Perry, Dhanya Salimkumar, Daniel Green, Anne Meakin, Andrew Gibson, Deepali Mahajan, Tayyeb Tahir, Swaran P Singh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to elucidate whether schizophrenia and type II diabetes mellitus may present with associated illness severity, in light of accumulating evidence to suggest both conditions have important shared inflammatory components with many shared inflammatory genetic factors. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review employing PRISMA criteria, searching EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Web of Science and Google Scholar to February 1st, 2017, for clinical studies assessing schizophrenia severity alongside dysglycaemia...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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