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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922802/succession-of-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-along-a-52-year-agricultural-recultivation-chronosequence
#1
Julien Roy, Rüdiger Reichel, Nicolas Brüggemann, Stefan Hempel, Matthias C Rillig
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi provide a range of functions in natural and managed ecosystems. However, the trajectory of AM fungal diversity after land degradation is poorly known. We studied the succession of AM fungi along an agricultural recultivation chronosequence after open-cast mining near Cologne, Germany. We used high-throughput sequencing of the large-subunit ribosomal RNA genes to characterize the soil AM fungal communities of 10 agricultural fields spanning 52 years of recultivation. During three years, soils are recultivated with a legume, and then converted to agriculture to be later returned to local farmers implementing conventional agriculture...
September 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922182/the-use-of-the-model-of-occupational-self-efficacy-in-improving-the-cognitive-functioning-of-individuals-with-brain-injury-a-pre-and-post-intervention-study
#2
Shaheed Soeker
BACKGROUND: Individuals diagnosed with a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) often experience major limitations in returning to work despite participating in rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether individuals who sustained a traumatic brain injury experienced improved cognitive functioning after participating in an intervention programme that utilizes the Model of Occupational Self-Efficacy (MOOSE). PARTICIPANTS: Ten (10) individuals who were diagnosed with a mild to moderate brain injury participated in the study...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922176/cognition-and-return-to-work-after-mild-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#3
Karthik Mani, Bryan Cater, Akshay Hudlikar
BACKGROUND: Approximately two percent of the United States population are traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors. The unemployment rate among them is substantial. Cognitive skills are essential to perform any job. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the literature on cognitive rehabilitation (CR) related to mild/moderate TBI to learn the influence of cognition on return to work (RTW) post TBI. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the studies on CR related to RTW post TBI that were published between 2000 and 2015...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921673/safety-of-back-transfer-to-local-hospitals-during-an-acute-care-hospitalization
#4
Leah F Nelson, Karisa K Harland, Dan M Shane, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Nicholas M Mohr
PURPOSE: This paper investigates patient outcomes including length of stay (LOS), cost of hospitalization, bounce-back rates, transition to hospice care, and mortality, following back-transfer. METHODS: This study was an observational case-control study of adults hospitalized in Iowa between 2005 and 2013 to identify back-transferred patients. Back-transfer was defined as the transfer of rural patients near the end of their acute hospitalization in a comprehensive medical center back to a local community hospital for the completion of their medical care...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921482/analysis-of-gender-based-differences-among-surgeons-in-japan-results-of-a-survey-conducted-by-the-japan-surgical-society-part-2-personal-life
#5
Kazumi Kawase, Kyoko Nomura, Ryuji Tominaga, Hirotaka Iwase, Tomoko Ogawa, Ikuko Shibasaki, Mitsuo Shimada, Tomoaki Taguchi, Emiko Takeshita, Yasuko Tomizawa, Sachiyo Nomura, Kazuhiro Hanazaki, Tomoko Hanashi, Hiroko Yamashita, Norihiro Kokudo, Kotaro Maeda
PURPOSE: To assess the true conditions and perceptions of the personal lives of men and women working as surgeons in Japan. METHODS: In 2014, all e-mail subscribed members of the Japan Surgical Society (JSS, n = 29,861) were invited to complete a web-based survey. The questions covered demographic information, work environment, and personal life (including marital status, childcare, and nursing care for adult family members). RESULTS: In total, 6211 surgeons (5586 men and 625 women) returned the questionnaires, representing a response rate of 20...
September 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919763/sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-relationship-with-work-attendance-problems-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-employees
#6
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated the degree to which selected sociodemographic variables and social values were related to work-attendance problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public- and private-sector employees and the nature of this relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quantitative study used the field-survey approach to administer research instruments directly to participants. This enabled the researchers to help participants who needed assistance in completing the measures properly, so as to increase the number of usable returns...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918734/the-2016-royal-australian-and-new-zealand-college-of-psychiatrists-guidelines-for-the-management-of-schizophrenia-and-related-disorders
#7
David J Castle, Cherrie A Galletly, Frances Dark, Verity Humberstone, Vera A Morgan, Eóin Killackey, Jayashri Kulkarni, Patrick McGorry, Olav Nielssen, Nga T Tran, Assen Jablensky
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) clinical practice guidelines for the management of schizophrenia and related disorders provide evidence-based recommendations for optimising treatment and prognosis. This update to the 2005 RANZCP guidelines has a greater emphasis on psychosocial treatments, physical health comorbidities and vocational rehabilitation. Main recommendations: The guidelines advise a clinical staging approach and deliver specific recommendations for:•comprehensive treatment using second generation antipsychotic agents continuously for 2-5 years;•early treatment of comorbid substance use;•community treatment after initial contact, during crises and after discharge from hospital;•physical health monitoring and management of comorbidities, particularly metabolic health;•interventions to optimise recovery of social function and return to study or work; and•management of schizophrenia in specific populations and circumstances...
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918401/return-to-work-and-lost-earnings-after-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-5-year-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-long-term-survivors
#8
Biren B Kamdar, Kristin A Sepulveda, Alexandra Chong, Robert K Lord, Victor D Dinglas, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Carl Shanholtz, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Till M von Wachter, Peter J Pronovost, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: Delayed return to work is common after acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but has undergone little detailed evaluation. We examined factors associated with the timing of return to work after ARDS, along with lost earnings and shifts in healthcare coverage. METHODS: Five-year, multisite prospective, longitudinal cohort study of 138 2-year ARDS survivors hospitalised between 2004 and 2007. Employment and healthcare coverage were collected via structured interview...
September 16, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918001/in%C3%A2-vitro-evaluation-of-antimicrobial-agents-on-acanthamoeba-sp-and-evidence-of-a-natural-resilience-to-amphotericin-b
#9
Alexandre Taravaud, Philippe M Loiseau, Sébastien Pomel
The free-living amoeba (FLA) Acanthamoeba sp. is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause amoebic keratitis (AK) or granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE). While current treatments of AK are long with some relapses, no consensus therapy has been developed for GAE remaining lethal in 90% of the cases. In this context, efficient antiacanthamoebal drugs have to be identified. In this work, 15 drugs used in the treatment of AK or GAE or in other parasitic diseases were evaluated for their in vitro activity on A...
September 8, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916987/erratum-to-the-impact-of-disability-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#10
Carol L Hodgson, Andrew A Udy, Michael Bailey, Jonathan Barrett, Rinaldo Bellomo, Tracey Bucknall, Belinda J Gabbe, Alisa M Higgins, Theodore J Iwashyna, Julian Hunt-Smith, Lynne J Murray, Paul S Myles, Jennie Ponsford, David Pilcher, Craig Walker, Meredith Young, D J Cooper
In the Results section, under the subheading "Return to work or usual activities", the second sentence should read.
September 15, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916556/cell-scientist-to-watch-paul-timpson
#11
(no author information available yet)
Paul Timpson received his bachelor's degree from the University of Strathclyde, UK and completed his PhD under the supervision of Margaret Frame at the Beatson Institute for Cancer Research and the University of Glasgow in 2002, working on Src kinases and Rho family GTPases in cancer cell invasion. He then moved to the Garvan Institute of Medical Research in Sydney, Australia to work with Roger Daly on the actin-binding protein cortactin in several cancer models. Paul returned to the Beatson Institute in 2007 with the aid of an AstraZeneca postdoctoral research fellowship...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916470/receptive-field-properties-of-cat-perigeniculate-neurons-correlate-with-excitatory-and-inhibitory-connectivity-to-lgn-relay-neurons
#12
Hironobu Osaki, Tomoyuki Naito, Shogo Soma, Hiromichi Sato
The cat perigeniculate nucleus (PGN) is a visual sector of the thalamic reticular nucleus that consists of GABAergic neurons. It receives excitatory axon-collateral input from relay neurons of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) to which it provides inhibitory input. Thus, it is usually argued that the PGN works as feedback inhibition to the LGN. At the single neuron level, however, this circuit can also provide lateral inhibition. Which inhibition dominates in the visual circuit of the thalamus has yet to be well characterized...
September 12, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915312/dce-and-dw-mri-as-early-imaging-biomarkers-of-treatment-response-in-a-preclinical-model-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#13
Stephanie L Barnes, Anna G Sorace, Jennifer G Whisenant, J Oliver McIntyre, Hakmook Kang, Thomas E Yankeelov
This work evaluates quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) parameters as early biomarkers of response in a preclinical model of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). The standard Tofts' model of DCE-MRI returns estimates of the volume transfer constant (K(trans) ) and the extravascular extracellular volume fraction (ve ). DW-MRI returns estimates of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Mice (n = 38) were injected subcutaneously with MDA-MB-231...
September 15, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914413/study-of-the-mechanism-of-remediation-of-cd-contaminated-soil-by-novel-biochars
#14
Zhongxin Tan, Yuanhang Wang, Limei Zhang, Qiaoyun Huang
This article used novel non-magnetized and magnetized biochars prepared under a CO2 atmosphere returned to Cd-contaminated soil and compared these to the effects of conventional biochars prepared under a N2 atmosphere with regard to Cd-contaminated soil remediation. A pot experiment with lettuce (Lactuca sativa) was conducted to investigate the relative soil remediation effects of these biochars. The soil used for the pot experiment was spiked with 20 mg kg(-1) Cd and amended with 5% of a biochar before sowing...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914395/repetitive-on-demand-drug-release-from-polymeric-matrices-containing-a-macroscopic-spherical-iron-core
#15
Stefan A Rovers, Maartje F Kemmere, Jos T F Keurentjes, Richard Hoogenboom
A system for multiple on-demand drug release has been prepared that can be activated with an alternating magnetic field as external trigger. The core/shell samples have been developed based on a macroscopic spherical iron core coated with a thermoresponsive polymer, poly(styrene-stat-butyl methacrylate), containing ibuprofen as a model drug. During exposure of the samples to the magnetic field (ON state), the release rate of ibuprofen is significantly increased, up to 35 times the release rate without the magnetic field (OFF state)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914063/identifying-the-interprofessional-agreement-between-community-pharmacists%C3%A2-and-general-practitioners%C3%A2-views-on-collaborative-practice-in-slovakia
#16
Ladislav Dubán, Tomáš Fazekaš, Magdaléna Fulmeková, Miroslava Snopková, Anna Oleárová, Magdaléna Kuželová
BACKGROUND: The collaboration of community pharmacists (CPs) and general practitioners (GPs) has a positive effect on healthcare outcomes. There are still many countries, where no efforts have been made to enhance this type of teamwork. There is no evidence of how GPs and CPs collaborate in Slovakia. The objective of this study is to identify the current level of GPs and CPs teamwork in Slovakia and to identify the key factors, where these professions agree. METHODS: Two parallel electronic surveys were prepared and sent out by e-mail to CPs and GPs in Slovakia...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912344/parasex-generates-phenotypic-diversity-de-novo-and-impacts-drug-resistance-and-virulence-in-candida-albicans
#17
Matthew P Hirakawa, Darius E Chyou, Denis Huang, Aaron R Slan, Richard J Bennett
Candida albicans is a diploid fungus that is a frequent cause of mucosal and systemic infections in humans. This species exhibits an unusual parasexual cycle in which mating produces tetraploid cells that undergo a non-meiotic program of concerted chromosome loss to return to a diploid or aneuploid state. In this work, we used a multipronged approach to examine the capacity of parasex to generate diversity in C. albicans First, we compared the phenotypic properties of 32 genotyped progeny and observed wide-ranging differences in fitness, filamentation, biofilm formation and virulence...
September 14, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910809/ingeborg-syllm-rapoport-1912-2017-an-exemplary-life-for-children-and-paediatrics
#18
Hannes Sallmon, Roland R Wauer, Charles Christoph Roehr
Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport, the first Chair in neonatology in Europe, passed away on March 23. Her biography illustrates how medical and scientific work has been influenced by social, ideological, and economic frames and boundaries in the 20th century. Regarded as a "Half-Jew" by the Nazi racist laws, she was denied her medical doctorate. She went to the USA, where she trained in paediatrics and met her husband, the biochemist Samuel Mitja Rapoport. During the "McCarthy Era" both were persecuted as communists...
September 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905076/-life-after-ards
#19
REVIEW
B Sensen, S Braune, G de Heer, T Bein, S Kluge
Patients who survive acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) often suffer from long-term physical and psychological sequelae. Lung function is commonly only mildly reduced, whereas general physical activity and walking distance are often compromised. Most markedly, these patients have a high incidence of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. The rate of cognitive dysfunction is as high as 70-100% at the time of hospital discharge, and remains 46-80% and 20% one year and five years post discharge, respectively...
September 13, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904522/endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-long-term-results-of-a-prospective-series
#20
Gabriella Giarratano, Claudio Toscana, Mostafa Shalaby, Oreste Buonomo, Giuseppe Petrella, Pierpaolo Sileri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pilonidal sinus is a common problem in the sacrococcygeal region, especially in obese, sedentary young men. The ideal surgical solution is still under debate, and there is a high rate of recurrence. In the present study, we analyzed the long-term results of a video-assisted minimally invasive technique for the treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease: endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (EPSiT). METHODS: From October 2013 through November 2015, a total of 77 consecutive patients (69 Males and 8 Females, median age: 23 y) were referred to our colorectal units...
July 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
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