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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924638/understanding-sarcomas-and-other-rare-tumors-an-interview-with-robin-l-jones
#1
Robin L Jones
Robin Jones speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Robin Jones is a medical oncologist specializing in the treatment of bone and soft tissue sarcomas and Head of the Sarcoma Unit at The Royal Marsden. He completed his medical training at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, and his oncology training at The Royal Marsden. His postgraduate research degree, with Professor Dowsett at the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), evaluated potential predictive and prognostic factors in breast cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
December 7, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924237/an-investigation-of-health-and-safety-measures-in-a-hydroelectric-power-plant
#2
Amevi Acakpovi, Lucky Dzamikumah
BACKGROUND: Occupational risk management is known as a catalyst in generating superior returns for all stakeholders on a sustainable basis. A number of companies in Ghana implemented health and safety measures adopted from international companies to ensure the safety of their employees. However, there exist great threats to employees' safety in these companies. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the level of compliance of Occupational Health and Safety management systems and standards set by international and local legislation in power producing companies in Ghana...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923646/role-of-the-allergist-immunologist-and-upper-airway-allergy-in-sleep-disordered-breathing
#3
Dennis Shusterman, Fuad M Baroody, Timothy Craig, Samuel Friedlander, Talal Nsouli, Bernard Silverman
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing in general and obstructive sleep apnea in particular are commonly encountered conditions in allergy practice. Physiologically, nasal (or nasopharyngeal) obstruction from rhinitis, nasal polyposis, or adenotonsillar hypertrophy are credible contributors to snoring and nocturnal respiratory obstructive events. Nevertheless, existing practice parameters largely relegate the role of the allergist to adjunctive treatment in cases of continuous positive airway pressure intolerance...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923255/-psychotherapy-and-religion-a-representative-survey-among-psychotherapists-in-southern-germany
#4
Michael Marquardt, Joachim Heinrich Demling
Objective: Religion and spirituality play an appreciable role as a problem area or as a resource for patients with mental disorders. It is therefore of interest what attitudes psychotherapists assume towards this complex range of issues in their work, but also in their personal lives. The majority of empirical studies on this subject originate from the USA, with little data being available from Europe and Germany. Our own survey among practising psychotherapists was designed to elucidate these questions. Method and Study Population: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the form of a written survey of all accessible practising psychotherapists in the area of Northern Bavaria (Franconian administrative districts; n=1 081, return rate 65%)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#5
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922573/vertebroplasty-and-return-to-work-for-thoracolumbar-fractures-within-the-workers-compensation-population
#6
Jay M Levin, Joshua T Anderson, Arnold R Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: Analyze efficacy of vertebroplasty and its affect on return to work (RTW) in a workers' compensation (WC) population SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Vertebroplasty remains a controversial treatment modality for vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). No studies have analyzed use of vertebroplasty in the clinically distinct WC population. METHODS: A total of 371 Ohio WC subjects were identified who sustained VCFs and were treated with either vertebroplasty or conservative medical therapy between 1993 and 2013 using Current Procedural Terminology procedural and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision diagnosis codes...
December 2, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921321/from-paperwork-to-parenting-experiences-of-professional-staff-in-student-support
#7
Wendy C Y Hu, Eleanor Flynn, Rebecca Mann, Robyn Woodward-Kron
CONTEXT: For academic staff, responding to student concerns is an important responsibility. Professional staff, or non-academic staff who do administrative work in medical schools, are often the first to be approached by students, yet there is little research on how they manage student issues. Informed by the conceptual framework of emotional labour, we examined the experiences of professional staff, aiming to identify theoretical and practical insights for improving the provision of student support...
December 5, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918856/preliminary-investigation-into-sport-and-exercise-psychology-consultants-views-and-experiences-of-an-interprofessional-care-team-approach-to-sport-injury-rehabilitation
#8
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Damien Clement
Sport injury rehabilitation has moved from predominately physical treatment to a more holistic care. However, limited research has explored the views and experiences of those involved in such an approach. The purpose of this study was to preliminarily investigate sport psychology consultants' (SPCs') views and experiences of an interprofessional team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. A cross-sectional online survey previously used with athletic trainers was distributed via a US-based sport/exercise psychology list-serve (N = 1245)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918228/nursing-care-documentation-practice-the-unfinished-task-of-nursing-care-in-the-university-of-gondar-hospital
#9
Mihiretu Kebede, Yesuf Endris, Desalegn Tegabu Zegeye
INTRODUCTION: Even though nursing care documentation is an important part of nursing practice, it is commonly left undone. The objective of this study was to assess nursing care documentation practice and the associated factors among nurses who are working at the University of Gondar Hospital. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 220 nurses working at the University of Gondar Hospital inpatient wards from March 20 to April 30, 2014...
December 5, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917202/comparing-concentration-methods-parasitrap%C3%A2-versus-kato-katz-for-studying-the-prevalence-of-helminths-in-bengo-province-angola
#10
Clara Mirante, Isabel Clemente, Graciette Zambu, Catarina Alexandre, Teresa Ganga, Carlos Mayer, Miguel Brito
BACKGROUND: Helminth intestinal parasitoses are responsible for high levels of child mortality and morbidity. Hence, the capacity to diagnose these parasitoses and consequently ensure due treatment represents a factor of great importance. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study involves comparing two methods of concentration, parasitrap and Kato-Katz, for the diagnosis of intestinal parasitoses in faecal samples. METHODS: Sample processing made recourse to two different concentration methods: the commercial parasitrap® method and the Kato-Katz method...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916683/factor-analyses-for-the-%C3%A3-rebro-musculoskeletal-pain-questionnaire-for-working-and-non-working-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#11
Remko Soer, Patrick Vroomen, Roy Stewart, Maarten Coppes, Patrick Stegeman, Pieter Dijkstra, Michiel Reneman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The ÖMPQ has good psychometric properties to predict return to work in patients with acute low back pain. Although it is used in patients with chronic back pain and non-workers, there is no evidence on the factor structure of the ÖMPQ in these populations. This is deemed an important prerequisite for future prediction studies. PURPOSE: to analyze the factor structure of the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire (ÖMPQ) in working and non-working patients with chronic back pain...
December 1, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915363/outcomes-following-a-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-aerobic-training-program-to-address-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms
#12
Brian M Moore, Joseph T Adams, Edward Barakatt
PURPOSE: To describe changes in adults with persistent symptoms and disability following a concussion after completing a supervised home exercise vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program combined with aerobic training. METHOD: Participants included 14 consecutive individuals referred for VR within the context of a comprehensive concussion center. Outcome measures were administered at initial evaluation, 3 mos, and 6 mos. Outcome measures included: Rivermead Post-Concussion Questionnaire symptom (RPQ-3) and function (RPQ-13) subcategories, Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), functional gait assessment (FGA), return to work/study (RTW), and return to activity (RTA)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914614/outcomes-of-percutaneous-trigger-finger-release%C3%A2-with-concurrent-steroid-injection
#13
Wen-Chih Liu, Chun-Kuan Lu, Yu-Chuan Lin, Peng-Ju Huang, Gau-Tyan Lin, Yin-Chih Fu
Percutaneous release (PR) of the A1 pulley is a quick, safe, and minimally invasive procedure for treating trigger fingers. The purpose of this study is to identify if PR with additional steroid injections can shorten the recovery to reach unlimited range of motion. Between January 2013 and December 2013, we included 432 trigger fingers with actively correctable triggering or severer symptoms without previous surgical release or steroid injections from two hand clinic offices (A and B). The same experienced surgeon performed PR at the office...
December 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909591/mobbing-exposure-of-anaesthesiology-residents-in-turkey
#14
Gülnihal Aykut, Esra Mercanoğlu Efe, Selcan Bayraktar, Sinem Şentürk, İrem Başeğmez, Özlem Özkumit, Elmas Kabak, Belgin Yavaşçaoğlu, Hülya Bilgin
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, psychological problems that are caused by working conditions, like burn out syndrome, are more commonly observed. In our study, we aimed to evaluate mobbing exposure, factors causing mobbing and precautions for mobbing in residency students who are educated in anaesthesiology and reanimation clinics in Turkey. METHODS: After obtaining consent from the ethics committee, we sent our questionnaires to the secretariats of the departments by postal mail...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907900/insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic-clamp-studies
#15
Samantha Cassar, Marie L Misso, William G Hopkins, Christopher S Shaw, Helena J Teede, Nigel K Stepto
STUDY QUESTION: What is the degree of intrinsic insulin resistance (IR) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the relative contribution of BMI to overall IR based on meta-analysis of gold standard insulin clamp studies? SUMMARY ANSWER: We report an inherent reduction (-27%) of insulin sensitivity (IS) in PCOS patients, which was independent of BMI. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: PCOS is prevalent, complex and underpinned by IR but controversies surround the degree of intrinsic IR in PCOS, the effect of BMI and the impact of the different diagnostic criteria (NIH versus Rotterdam) in PCOS...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906557/barriers-to-human-milk-feeding-at-discharge-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-maternal-goal-setting-as-a-key-social-factor
#16
Erin Fleurant, Michael Schoeny, Rebecca Hoban, Ifeyinwa V Asiodu, Brittany Riley, Paula P Meier, Harold Bigger, Aloka L Patel
BACKGROUND: While black mothers initiate human milk (HM) provision at lower rates than non-black mothers in the United States, some neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) report similar initiation rates regardless of race/ethnicity for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. However, racial disparity frequently becomes evident in the proportion of black infants who continue to receive HM feedings at NICU discharge. Since social factors have been associated with differences in HM provision for term infants, we sought to identify differences in social factors associated with HM feeding at discharge based on race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905368/-single-port-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-advantages-and-disadvantages
#17
A V Alekberzade, E M Lipnitsky, N N Krylov, I V Sundukov, D A Badalov
AIM: To analyze the outcomes of single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Early and long-term postoperative period has been analyzed in 240 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCE) including 120 cases of single-port technique and 120 cases of four-port technique. Both groups were compared in surgical time, pain syndrome severity (visual analog scale), need for analgesics, postoperative complications, hospital-stay, daily activity recovery and return to physical work, patients' satisfaction of surgical results and their aesthetic effect...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905156/kinetics-of-the-competitive-reactions-of-isomerization-and-peptide-bond-cleavage-at-l-%C3%AE-and-d-%C3%AE-aspartyl-residues-in-an-%C3%AE-a-crystallin-fragment
#18
Kenzo Aki, Emiko Okamura
d-β-aspartyl (Asp) residue has been found in a living body such as aged lens crystallin, although l-α-amino acids are constituents in natural proteins. Isomerization from l-α- to d-β-Asp probably modulates structures to affect biochemical reactions. At Asp residue, isomerization and peptide bond cleavage compete with each other. To gain insight into how fast each reaction proceeds, the analysis requires the consideration of both pathways simultaneously and independently. No information has been provided, however, about these competitive processes because each reaction has been studied separately...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905020/laparoscopic-versus-open-cholecystectomy-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-at-rwanda-military-hospital
#19
Allison Silverstein, Ainhoa Costas-Chavarri, Mussa R Gakwaya, Joseph Lule, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, John G Meara, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is first-line treatment for uncomplicated gallstone disease in high-income countries due to benefits such as shorter hospital stays, reduced morbidity, more rapid return to work, and lower mortality as well-being considered cost-effective. However, there persists a lack of uptake in low- and middle-income countries. Thus, there is a need to evaluate laparoscopic cholecystectomy in comparison with an open approach in these settings. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed to evaluate laparoscopic and open cholecystectomies at Rwanda Military Hospital (RMH), a tertiary care referral hospital in Rwanda...
November 30, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904985/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-enhance-occupational-physicians-guideline-adherence-on-sickness-absence-duration-in-workers-with-common-mental-disorders-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Karlijn M van Beurden, Evelien P M Brouwers, Margot C W Joosen, Michiel R de Boer, Jaap van Weeghel, Berend Terluin, Jac J L van der Klink
Purpose Evidence-based guidelines in occupational health care improve the quality of care and may reduce sickness absence duration. Notwithstanding that, guideline adherence of occupational physicians (OPs) is limited. Based on the literature on guideline implementation, an intervention was developed that was shown to effectively improve self-reported adherence in OPs. The aim of present study was to evaluate whether this intervention leads to earlier return to work (RTW) in workers with common mental disorders (CMD)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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