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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214086/a-retrospective-study-of-epidural-and-intravenous-steroids-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-for-large-lumbar-disc-herniation
#1
Yang Zhang, Xin-Jian Yang, Teng-Hui Zeng, Yi-Yan Qiu, Yi-Tian Wang, Fei-Guo Liang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the early curative effect of epidural or intravenous administration of steroids during a percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD). METHODS: 28 consecutive patients who underwent PELD due to large lumbar disc herniation between November 2014 and January 2016 were followed up for 6 months. These patients were divided into two groups according to the treatment they received after PELD. 14 patients (Group A) were treated by PELD and epidural steroids, while the other 14 patients (Group B) were treated by PELD and intravenous steroids...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208508/correlation-powered-information-engines-and-the-thermodynamics-of-self-correction
#2
Alexander B Boyd, Dibyendu Mandal, James P Crutchfield
Information engines can use structured environments as a resource to generate work by randomizing ordered inputs and leveraging the increased Shannon entropy to transfer energy from a thermal reservoir to a work reservoir. We give a broadly applicable expression for the work production of an information engine, generally modeled as a memoryful channel that communicates inputs to outputs as it interacts with an evolving environment. The expression establishes that an information engine must have more than one memory state in order to leverage input environment correlations...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207582/predictors-of-physician-assistant-faculty-intent-to-leave-academia-a-rasch-regression-analysis
#3
Svetlana Beltyukova, Karen Graham
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to investigate whether a previously developed and validated measure of intention to stay in academia for physician assistant (PA) faculty could also be used to inform PA faculty intent to leave academia and return to full-time clinical practice. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the national survey data of PA faculty (n = 427) was conducted using a Rasch regression model. The 19 items from the previously validated Supportive Environment Scale were examined as potential predictors of the dichotomous outcome of intent to leave academia...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207574/laparoscopic-and-open-surgical-treatment-in-gastroduodenal-perforations-our-experience
#4
Rita Laforgia, Giovanni Balducci, Giuseppe Carbotta, Antonio Prestera, Maria Grazia Sederino, Giulia Casamassima, Marina Minafra, Pierluca Sallustio, Nicola Palasciano
INTRODUCTION: Peptic ulcer perforation (PPU) is a common surgical emergency and the mortality rate ranges 10% to 40%, especially in elderly patients. Laparoscopic repair achieved encouraging results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled patients performing surgical repair for PPU from January 2007 to December 2015 in our surgical unit. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to compare the results of PPU laparoscopic repair with open technique. The following characteristics of patients were evaluated: age, sex and American Society of Anesthesiologists classification...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207507/superiority-of-interferon-free-regimens-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-the-effect-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-work-productivity
#5
Zobair M Younossi, Maria Stepanova, Rafael Esteban, Ira Jacobson, Stefan Zeuzem, Mark Sulkowski, Linda Henry, Fatema Nader, Rebecca Cable, Mariam Afendy, Sharon Hunt
Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) such as quality of life and work productivity are important for measuring patient's experience. We assessed PROs during and after treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients.Data were obtained from a phase 3 open label study of sofosbuvir and ribavirin (SOF + RBV) with and without interferon (IFN). Patients completed 4 PRO assessment instruments (SF-36, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue, Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire- HCV, Work Productivity and Activity-Specific Health Problem) before, during, and after treatment...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#6
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202601/cell-scientist-to-watch-arun-shukla
#7
(no author information available yet)
Arun Shukla received his master's degree in Biotechnology from the Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, and joined the lab of Nobel laureate Hartmut Michel at the Max Planck Institute of Biophysics in Frankfurt, Germany, for his PhD. He then moved to the United States for his postdoctoral work with Robert Lefkowitz at Duke University (Durham, NC) in a very close collaboration with Brian Kobilka (Stanford University, CA). Arun became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Medicine at Duke University in 2011, before returning to India in April 2014 as an Assistant Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Kanpur as a Wellcome Trust DBT India Alliance Intermediate Fellow...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202421/predictors-of-long-term-functional-outcome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#8
Guillaume Geri, Florence Dumas, Franck Bonnetain, Wulfran Bougouin, Benoit Champigneulle, Michel Arnaout, Pierre Carli, Eloi Marijon, Olivier Varenne, Jean-Paul Mira, Jean-Philippe Empana, Alain Cariou
BACKGROUND: Even if a large majority of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors appear to have a good neurological recovery with no important sequellae, whether health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is altered is less explored. PATIENTS AND METHODS: HRQOL was evaluated by telephone interview using SF-36 questionnaire. Each OHCA case was age and gender-matched with 4 controls from the French general population. Association between current condition of the survivors with the 8 dimensions of the SF-36 questionnaire was investigated using MANCOVA...
February 12, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201830/-subjective-workload-job-satisfaction-and-work-life-balance-of-physicians-and-nurses-in-a-municipal-hospital-in-a-rural-area-compared-to-an-urban-university-hospital
#9
Michael Körber, Klaus Schmid, Hans Drexler, Johannes Kiesel
Medical and nursing shortages in rural areas represent a current serious public health problem. The healthcare of the rural population is at risk. This study compares perceived workload, job satisfaction and work-life balance of physicians and nurses at a clinic in a rural area with two clinics of a University hospital. Physicians and nurses were interviewed anonymously with a standardized questionnaire (paper and pencil), including questions on job satisfaction, subjective workload and work-life balance. The response rate was almost 50% in the University hospital as well as in the municipal hospital...
February 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199079/heterogeneous-tio2-v2o5-carbon-nanotube-electrodes-for-lithium-ion-batteries
#10
Mert Kurttepeli, Shaoren Deng, Felix Mattelaer, Daire J Cott, Philippe Vereecken, Jolien Dendooven, Christophe Detavernier, Sara Bals
Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is proposed and investigated as a cathode material for lithium ion batteries. However, the dissolution of V2O5 during the charge/discharge remains as an issue at the V2O5-electrolyte interface. In this work, we present a heterogeneous nanostructure with carbon nanotubes supported V2O5/titanium dioxide (TiO2) multilayers as electrodes for thin-film Li-ion batteries. Atomic layer deposition of V2O5 on carbon nanotubes provides enhanced Li storage capacity and high rate performance. An additional TiO2 layer leads to increased morphological stability and in return higher cycling performance of V2O5/carbon nanotubes...
February 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198598/coblation-%C3%A2-intracapsular-tonsillectomy-tonsillotomy-in-children-a-prospective-study-of-500-consecutive-cases-with-long-term-follow-up
#11
A W Hoey, N M Foden, S Hadjisymeou Andreou, F Noonan, A K Chowdhury, Greig S R, E L Sproson, D Allin, N Amin, K M Wouters, N E Jonas, D J Tweedie
OBJECTIVES: Intracapsular tonsillectomy (tonsillotomy) has been used internationally, mainly in the management of obstructive sleep apnoea, rather than recurrent tonsillitis, with little published data evaluating its use for this latter indication. We present long-term prospective data from 500 paediatric cases undergoing Coblation(®) intracapsular tonsillectomy, for both obstructive and infective indications. DESIGN: Prospective case series, March 2013-January 2016, all with completed follow up...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197661/-rehabilitation-and-work-participation
#12
Matthias Bethge
Work participation is increasingly seen as a primary outcome of rehabilitation measures. Randomised controlled trials from several different countries and the reviews and meta-analyses based on them show that multidisciplinary rehabilitation programmes improve work participation, return-to-work rates, and reduce sickness absence in patients with back pain, depression, and cancer. In Germany, such programmes were implemented as work-related medical rehabilitation. This intervention targets patients with poor work ability and an increased risk of permanent work disability...
February 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196037/early-rather-than-late-weight-bearing-and-range-of-motion-exercise-improved-early-function-but-not-time-to-return-to-work-after-surgical-fixation-of-unstable-ankle-fractures
#13
John T Gorczyca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195986/functional-bracing-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#14
Walter R Lowe, Ryan J Warth, Elizabeth P Davis, Lane Bailey
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current literature on the use of functional knee braces after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with respect to clinical and in vivo biomechanical data. METHODS: A systematic search of both the PubMed and Embase databases was performed to identify all studies that reported clinical and/or in vivo biomechanical results of functional bracing versus nonbracing after ACL reconstruction. Extracted data included study design, surgical reconstruction techniques, postoperative rehabilitation protocols, objective outcomes, and subjective outcomes scores...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195317/human-papillomavirus-self-sampling-for-screening-non-attenders-opt-in-pilot-implementation-with-electronic-communication-platforms
#15
Janni Uyen Hoa Lam, Matejka Rebolj, Ditte Møller Ejegod, Helle Pedersen, Carsten Rygaard, Elsebeth Lynge, Louise Thirstrup Thomsen, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Jesper Bonde
In organized cervical screening programs, typically 25% of the invited women do not attend. The Copenhagen Self-sampling Initiative (CSi) aimed to gain experiences on participation among screening non-attenders in the Capital Region of Denmark. Here, we report on the effectiveness of different communication platforms used in the pilot with suggestions for strategies prior to a full-implementation. Moreover, an innovative approach using self-sampling brushes with unique radio frequency identification chips allowed for unprecedented levels patient identification safety...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195309/ploidy-tug-of-war-evolutionary-and-genetic-environments-influence-the-rate-of-ploidy-drive-in-a-human-fungal-pathogen
#16
Aleeza C Gerstein, Heekyung Lim, Judith Berman, Meleah A Hickman
Variation in baseline ploidy is seen throughout the tree of life, yet the factors that determine why one ploidy level is maintained over another remain poorly understood. Experimental evolution studies using asexual fungal microbes with manipulated ploidy levels intriguingly reveals a propensity to return to the historical baseline ploidy, a phenomenon that we term 'ploidy drive'. We evolved haploid, diploid, and polyploid strains of the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans under three different nutrient limitation environments to test whether these conditions, hypothesized to select for low ploidy levels, could counteract ploidy drive...
February 14, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194640/life-beyond-a-diagnosis-of-glioblastoma-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
L Gately, S A McLachlan, A Dowling, J Philip
BACKGROUND: The median survival of glioblastoma is 12-14 months with less than 10% of patients surviving at least 2 years from diagnosis. Patients diagnosed with glioblastoma face poor prognosis, significant symptom burden, and high care needs. The aim of this study is to undertake a literature review to document the issues encountered by long-term survivors of glioblastoma, a small but important subset of patients. METHODS: MEDLINE, PsychInfo, and EMBASE were searched with core concepts: (1) glioblastoma, (2) survivor, and (3) terms pertaining to survivorship issues...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194390/simultaneous-bilateral-distal-biceps-tendon-repair-case-report
#18
Thiago Medeiros Storti, Alexandre Firmino Paniago, Rafael Salomon Silva Faria
Simultaneous bilateral rupture of the distal biceps tendon is a rare clinical entity, seldom reported in the literature and with unclear therapeutic setting. The authors report the case of a 39-year-old white man who suffered a simultaneous bilateral rupture while working out. When weightlifting with elbows at 90° of flexion, he suddenly felt pain on the anterior aspect of the arms, coming for evaluation after two days. He presented bulging contour of the biceps muscle belly and ecchymosis in the antecubital fossa, extending distally to the medial aspect of the forearm, as well as a marked decrease of supination strength and pain in active elbow flexion...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#19
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190908/transitions-between-compensated-work-disability-joblessness-and-self-sufficiency-a-cohort-study-1997-2010-of-those-jobless-in-1995
#20
Michael Wiberg, Staffan Marklund, Kristina Alexanderson
Associations between unemployment, work, and disability have been researched in many studies. The findings are often based on cross-sectional data and single outcomes. The present study analysed multiple outcomes over a period of 15 years among long-term unemployed individuals. Based on all individuals aged 20-40 living in Sweden in 1995, prospective cohort analyses were conducted. Individual annual labour market proximity 1995-2010 was estimated and categorised into three mutually exclusive categories: "Jobless", "Self-sufficient" (i...
2017: Population Research and Policy Review
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