keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

acquired brain injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918630/changes-in-gait-patterns-induced-by-rhythmic-auditory-stimulation-for-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury
#1
Soo Ji Kim, Yoon-Kyum Shin, Ga Eul Yoo, Hyun Ju Chong, Sung-Rae Cho
The effects of rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) on gait in adolescents with acquired brain injury (ABI) were investigated. A total of 14 adolescents with ABI were initially recruited, and 12 were included in the final analysis (n = 6 each). They were randomly assigned to the experimental (RAS) or the control (conventional gait training) groups. The experimental group received gait training with RAS three times a week for 4 weeks. For both groups, spatiotemporal parameters and kinematic data, such as dynamic motions of joints on three-dimensional planes during a gait cycle and the range of motion in each joint, were collected...
December 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913796/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-assisted-intention-monitoring-for-the-rehabilitation-of-executive-impairments-following-acquired-brain-injury
#2
Fergus Gracey, Jessica E Fish, Eve Greenfield, Andrew Bateman, Donna Malley, Gemma Hardy, Jessica Ingham, Jonathan J Evans, Tom Manly
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can impair executive function, impeding planning and attainment of intentions. Research shows promise for some goal-management rehabilitation interventions. However, evidence that alerts assist monitoring and completion of day-to-day intentions is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of brief goal-directed rehabilitation paired with periodic SMS text messages designed to enhance executive monitoring of intentions (assisted intention monitoring [AIM])...
December 2, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911071/severe-brain-injury-in-massachusetts-assessing-the-continuum-of-care
#3
Laura Lorenz, Gabrielle Katz
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, ABI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and brain tumor. Advances in emergency medical care and neurosurgery mean that more people are surviving severe traumatic brain injury (Trexler et al, 2014). Yet many patients with severe TBI in particular, are not receiving inpatient services after initial treatment (Hackman et al, 2014; CDC, 2014) or later that are known to be effective (Malec & Kean, 2015; Lewis & Horn, 2015; BI Commission, 2011; Kolakowsky-Hayner et al, 2000; Interviews)...
December 10, 2015: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904913/statistical-process-control-a-feasibility-study-of-the-application-of-time-series-measurement-in-early-neurorehabilitation-after-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Gabriela Markovic, Marie-Louise Schult, Aniko Bartfai, Mattias Elg
BACKGROUND: Progress in early cognitive recovery after acquired brain injury is uneven and unpredictable, and thus the evaluation of rehabilitation is complex. The use of time-series measurements is susceptible to statistical change due to process variation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of using a time-series method, statistical process control, in early cognitive rehabilitation. METHOD: Participants were 27 patients with acquired brain injury undergoing interdisciplinary rehabilitation of attention within 4 months post-injury...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899082/interventions-to-improve-gross-motor-performance-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#5
Barbara R Lucas, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sarah Coggan, Rafael Z Pinto, Tracy Jirikowic, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Jane Latimer
BACKGROUND: Gross motor skills are fundamental to childhood development. The effectiveness of current physical therapy options for children with mild to moderate gross motor disorders is unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to investigate the effectiveness of conservative interventions to improve gross motor performance in children with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895590/brain-functional-connectivity-is-different-during-voluntary-concentric-and-eccentric-muscle-contraction
#6
Wan X Yao, Zhiguo Jiang, Jinqi Li, Changhao Jiang, Crystal G Franlin, Jack L Lancaster, Yufei Huang, Guang H Yue
Previous studies report greater activation in the cortical motor network in controlling eccentric contraction (EC) than concentric contraction (CC) of human skeletal muscles despite lower activation level of the muscle associated with EC. It is unknown, however, whether the strength of functional coupling between the primary motor cortex (M1) and other involved areas in the brain differs as voluntary movements are controlled by a network of regions in the primary, secondary and association cortices. Examining fMRI-based functional connectivity (FC) offers an opportunity to measure strength of such coupling...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873539/can-an-external-device-create-and-trigger-intention-in-a-patient-with-a-severe-brain-injury
#7
Victorine Zermatten, Lucien Rochat, Rumen Manolov, Martial Van der Linden
Goal-directed behaviour (GDB), the capacity that allows us to control our environment according to our desires and needs, requires different stages from initial intention to goal achievement. Although GDB is frequently disrupted after acquired brain injury, few studies have addressed the remediation of reduced GDB in patients with severe brain injury. The present study aimed to raise this question in RZ, a patient with severe brain injury who presented a serious reduction in GDB related to difficulties in creating an intention from internal determinants and in selecting an action plan, as well as to memory and attentional impairments...
November 22, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871218/the-validity-of-the-brain-injury-cognitive-screen-bics-as-a-neuropsychological-screening-assessment-for-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Frances L Vaughan, Jo Anne Neal, Farzana Nizam Mulla, Barbara Edwards, Rudi Coetzer
OBJECTIVE: The Brain Injury Cognitive Screen (BICS) was developed as an in-service cognitive assessment battery for acquired brain injury patients entering community rehabilitation. The BICS focuses on domains that are particularly compromised following TBI, and provides a broader and more detailed assessment of executive function, attention and information processing than comparable screening assessments. The BICS also includes brief assessments of perception, naming, and construction, which were predicted to be more sensitive to impairments following non-traumatic brain injury...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870400/sex-differences-in-the-anticonvulsant-activity-of-neurosteroids
#9
REVIEW
Doodipala Samba Reddy
Epilepsy is one of the leading causes of chronic neurological morbidity worldwide. Acquired epilepsy may result from a number of conditions, such as brain injury, anoxia, tumors, stroke, neurotoxicity, and prolonged seizures. Sex differences have been observed in many seizure types; however, some sex-specific seizure disorders are much more prevalent in women. Despite some inconsistencies, substantial data indicates that sensitivity to seizure stimuli differs between the sexes. Men generally exhibit greater seizure susceptibility than women, whereas many women with epilepsy experience a cyclical occurrence of seizures that tends to center around the menstrual period, which has been termed catamenial epilepsy...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864083/robust-skull-stripping-using-multiple-mr-image-contrasts-insensitive-to-pathology
#10
Snehashis Roy, John A Butman, Dzung L Pham
Automatic skull-stripping or brain extraction of magnetic resonance (MR) images is often a fundamental step in many neuroimage processing pipelines. The accuracy of subsequent image processing relies on the accuracy of the skull-stripping. Although many automated stripping methods have been proposed in the past, it is still an active area of research particularly in the context of brain pathology. Most stripping methods are validated on T1-w MR images of normal brains, especially because high resolution T1-w sequences are widely acquired and ground truth manual brain mask segmentations are publicly available for normal brains...
November 15, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858724/the-effect-of-combined-therapies-on-recovery-after-acquired-brain-injury-systematic-review-of-preclinical-studies-combining-enriched-environment-exercise-or-task-specific-training-with-other-therapies
#11
Hana Malá, Camilla Pihl Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injuries (ABI) have devastating effects for the affected individual as well as society. Many studies have investigated the effect of different monotherapies. However, functional recovery is typically only partial. One possible strategy to promote a greater degree of recovery is to apply monotherapies in combination with one or more treatments. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to investigate if approaches combining enriched environment (EE), exercise, or task-specific training with other monotherapies, further enhance the degree of recovery after ABI...
November 16, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856530/diagnostic-conundrum-lessons-from-the-man-who-accidently-set-fire-to-his-home
#12
Sahan Benedict Mendis, Victoria Lukats
A 62-year-old man presented to psychiatric services with a 3-month history of a range of symptoms which included obsessional thoughts, self-neglect, lack of mental flexibility, reduced ability to plan, organise and follow instructions, reduced capacity to empathise and disinhibition. He also accidently set fire to his house. Overall these findings are compatible with a dysexecutive syndrome. This man has a significant history of polysubstance misuse and chronic hepatitis C infection. Neuroimaging revealed an acquired traumatic brain injury which could account for his dysexecutive syndrome...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854141/cognitive-and-academic-achievement-changes-associated-with-day-hospital-rehabilitation-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury
#13
Gerald Goldstein, Joan Mayfield, Nicholas S Thaler, Jon Walker, Daniel N Allen
An evaluation was made of the outcome of a day hospital rehabilitation program for children who experienced an acquired neurological illness, mainly traumatic brain injury. Participants were administered neuropsychological and academic evaluations upon entry to the program, immediately upon discharge and several months after discharge Repeated measures ANOVA results for variables selected from the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment and the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System found that comparisons showed significant (≥p < ...
November 17, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847494/enactive-approach-and-dual-tasks-for-the-treatment-of-severe-behavioral-and-cognitive-impairment-in-a-person-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-case-study
#14
David Martínez-Pernía, David Huepe, Daniela Huepe-Artigas, Rut Correia, Sergio García, María Beitia
One of the most important sequela in persons who suffer from acquired brain injury is a behavioral disorder. To date, the primary approaches for the rehabilitation of this sequela are Applied Behavior Analysis, Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, and Comprehensive-Holistic Rehabilitation Programs. Despite this theoretical plurality, none of these approaches focuses on rehabilitating behavioral disorders considering the relation between affordance and environmental adaptation. To introduce this therapeutic view to neurorehabilitation, we apply the theoretical tenets of the enactive paradigm to the rehabilitation of a woman with severe behavioral and cognitive impairment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844618/repatriation-is-associated-with-isthmus-cingulate-cortex-reduction-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#15
Raffaella Calati, Jerome J Maller, Chantal Meslin, Jorge Lopez-Castroman, Karen Ritchie, Philippe Courtet, Sylvaine Artero
OBJECTIVES: The impact of stressful life events (SLEs) on brain anatomy is poorly understood, particularly its long-term neural consequences. We tested the hypothesis that a serious SLE (repatriation of French citizens living in Algeria in 1962) is associated with changes in brain regions previously implicated in psychopathology (hippocampus, amygdala, corpus callosum, prefrontal cortex, anterior, posterior and isthmus cingulate cortex (ICC) in a large elderly population. METHODS: Structural magnetic resonance imaging was used to acquire anatomical scans from 82 subjects repatriated from Algeria and 339 subjects without this experience or any other trauma...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843334/targeting-neuroinflammation-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
REVIEW
Maria Rosanna Bronzuoli, Aniello Iacomino, Luca Steardo, Caterina Scuderi
Almost 47 million people suffer from dementia worldwide, with an estimated new case diagnosed every 3.2 seconds. Alzheimer's disease (AD) accounts for approximately 60%-80% of all dementia cases. Given this evidence, it is clear dementia represents one of the greatest global public health challenges. Currently used drugs alleviate the symptoms of AD but do not treat the underlying causes of dementia. Hence, a worldwide quest is under way to find new treatments to stop, slow, or even prevent AD. Besides the classic targets of the oldest therapies, represented by cholinergic and glutamatergic systems, β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques, and tau tangles, new therapeutic approaches have other targets...
2016: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834541/supervised-learning-technique-for-the-automated-identification-of-white-matter-hyperintensities-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
James R Stone, Elisabeth A Wilde, Brian A Taylor, David F Tate, Harvey Levin, Erin D Bigler, Randall S Scheibel, Mary R Newsome, Andrew R Mayer, Tracy Abildskov, Garrett M Black, Michael J Lennon, Gerald E York, Rajan Agarwal, Jorge DeVillasante, John L Ritter, Peter B Walker, Stephen T Ahlers, Nicholas J Tustison
BACKGROUND: White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) are foci of abnormal signal intensity in white matter regions seen with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). WMHs are associated with normal ageing and have shown prognostic value in neurological conditions such as traumatic brain injury (TBI). The impracticality of manually quantifying these lesions limits their clinical utility and motivates the utilization of machine learning techniques for automated segmentation workflows. METHODS: This study develops a concatenated random forest framework with image features for segmenting WMHs in a TBI cohort...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834540/quantitative-structural-neuroimaging-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-chronic-effects-of-neurotrauma-consortium-cenc-comparison-of-volumetric-data-within-and-across-scanners
#18
Elisabeth A Wilde, Erin D Bigler, Trevor Huff, Haonan Wang, Garrett M Black, Zachary P Christensen, Naomi Goodrich-Hunsaker, Jo Ann Petrie, Tracy Abildskov, Brian A Taylor, James R Stone, Nicholas J Tustison, Mary R Newsome, Harvey S Levin, Zili D Chu, Gerald E York, David F Tate
BACKGROUND: An important component of the multicentre Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium (CENC) project is the development of improved quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods, including volumetric analysis. Although many studies routinely employ quality assurance (QA) procedures including MR and human phantoms to promote accuracy and monitor site differences, few studies perform rigorous direct comparisons of these data nor report findings that enable inference regarding site-to-site comparability...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833483/acquired-hypernatremia-in-a-general-surgical-intensive-care-unit-incidence-and-prognosis
#19
Mariam A Alansari, Ahmed Abdulmomen, Mohammed Hussein, Ahmad Mohmmad Zubaidi, Jalal T Alswaiti
PURPOSE: Intensive Care Unit (ICU)-acquired hypernatremia (IAH) is a serious electrolyte disturbance that recently was shown to present an independent risk factor for mortality in critically ill patients. IAH has not been widely investigated in Surgical ICU (SICU) patients. No study has specifically investigated IAH epidemiology in the Kingdome of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in general SICU. The objectives of this study are to assess the epidemiological characteristics and prognostic impact of IAH on SICU mortality and outcome in KSA and compare it with international figures...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831962/the-clinical-diagnostic-utility-of-electrophysiological-techniques-in-assessment-of-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness-following-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#20
S L Hauger, A-K Schanke, S Andersson, C Chatelle, C Schnakers, M Løvstad
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic utility of electrophysiological recordings during active cognitive tasks in detecting residual cognitive capacities in patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC) after severe acquired brain injury. DESIGN: Systematic review of empirical research in MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane from January 2002 to March 2016. MAIN MEASURES: Data extracted included sample size, type of electrophysiological technique and task design, rate of cognitive responders, false negatives and positives, and excluded subjects from the study analysis...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
31220
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"